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The Gospel Messenger 

' Tliis gospel of the Kingdom shall be preached 
in Hi* whole world."-Matt. »: 14. 

"THY KINGDOM COME "— m.h. 6: io : uk. \\-.2 

" Till we all attain unto ... the stature of the 
fulness of ChriBt."— Eph. 4: 14. 

Vol. 69 

Elgin, III., January 3, 1920 

No. 1 

In This Number 


"Thy Kingdom Come," 1 

Rejected Stones 1 

Nineteen Nineteen and the Church of the Brethren I 

The Quiet Hour, 7 

Among the Churches, • 8 

Around the World f 

Contributors' Forum- 
Is Anybody Happier (Poem)? 2 

An Efficiency Movement. By J. H. Moore 2 

The Whatsoever of John 15. By Warren Slabaugh 2 

Eyes and See Not. By A. V. Sager, 3 

The Sin We Are Not Saying Much About, 3 

How to Make Disciples. By Paul Mohler '... 4 

Pharisees. By Roy Temple House, 4 

The Bridge. By Lee W. Pollard 5 

"Go Ye." By Mrs. J. S. Thomas 5 

The Round Tabic— 

Your Part and Mine. By Lula R. Tinkle 6 

Service. By Daisy M. Moore 6 

The Supreme Sacrifice. By E. Earl Barnhart, 6 

Applied Ethics in Our Colleges. By Olive A. Smith 6 

Our Center First. By Julia Graydon 6 

Some Suggestions for Helping the Women of China. By Anna 
Bowman Seese 6 

Home and Family— 

A Prayer (Poem) 18 

The One Thing Lacking. By Oma Karn 10 

As They Parted. By Nora E. Berkebile, ID 

Loyalty. By Ezra Flory 10 

Turning Winter into Spring. By Barbra G. Longenecker, 11 

Nineteen Nineteen and the Church of the Brethren 


" Thy Kingdom Come " 

One year ago the Messenger signalized the he- 
ginning of our Five- Year Forward Movement by 
placing in the center of the motto space above, those 
stimulating words of Paul, " Stretching Forward." 
The constant presence of these words on this page 
throughout the year has served, we hope, to fix the 
Forward Movement idea firmly in our minds. 

We would be sorry if the replacing of these words 
by others should lessen in any measure the grip of the 
" forward " idea on our thought, or should weaken the 
suggestion of eagerness which is contained in Paul's 
word " stretching." But as we enter upon the second 
year of our program, it has seemed good to us to set 
before our eyes words which will fittingly express the 
goal to which we are " stretching forward." 

And what could better serve this purpose than those 
which Jesus taught his disciples to pray, " Thy King- 
dom Come " ? That is the proper goal of every " For- 
ward Movement." That is the proper end of all our 
praying and striving. 

The two great factors in the church's work, the 
evangelistic and the educational, are specifically em- 
phasized by the two texts which still stand on either 
side, but the words in the center tersely and forcefully 
sum up the whole process. They state the ultimate 
purpose of every church activity not only, but the cen- 
ter also about which all our thoughts and plans should 

Thy Kingdom Come ! That is the thing to .pray for, 
work for, live for, die for. Will you make it your 
motto for nineteen twenty and for all the years to 
come ? | 

Rejected Stones 

Unpromising material should not be too lightly cast 
aside. It has happened a good many times in the his- 
tory of religious work that the stone which the build- 
ers rejected came to hold, if not the head of the cor- 
ner, at least a very useful place in the wall. 

These things are " marvelous in our eyes," partly 
because " man looketh on the outward appearance " 
and hence often fails to estimate rightly the values 
hidden within, and partly, perhaps, because we have 
not fully learned what qualities to look for. We are 
slow to realize what a variety of material God can use. 
And do we sometimes even err in judging what quali- 
ties are most useful in Kingdom building? 

What mark did the year which has just closed 
leave upon the church? Was there any distinct im- 
press, any outstanding tendency, anything so evident 
it can be named, looked at and measured? 

Time moves on continuously, with little heed to the 
divisions we set up, whether these are natural or arti- 
ficial. Nor does it lay off certain tasks to be begun 
and finished in a year, or in any other definite period. 
Events occur, influences are set in motion and ten- 
dencies develop, mingle and react upon each other, in 
such a way that it is never possible to estimate properly 
the net contribution of the immediate past. For this a 
perspective of decades — sometimes centuries — is re- 

Fully conscious of these limitations we may, never- 
theless, discern the most conspicuous of recently-de- 
veloped tendencies and take some account of their 
significance. And this may have some value in deter- 
mining our outlook for the years ahead. 

It is worth noting, first, that the past year was the 
first one for three years in which we have had time to 
think about our usual problems of church polity. For 
the two preceding years our interest was absorbed by 
the war and the difficulty of adjusting ourselves to it. 
But with the coming of nineteen nineteen we began to 
turn our attention again to internal questions. We 
tried to pick up the thread of our church life where, 
speaking relatively, we had dropped it two years be- 
fore. We have spent the year, to a considerable de- 
gree, trying to find out where we are. And we have 
found — two things. 

One of these is a changing conception of the func- 
tion of church government. Not in all respects, by 
any means, but so far as this concerns the relation be- 
tween church authority and individual conduct. To 
put the point more concretely, the conviction has been 
growing that the ends for which the church exists will 
be better served if church administration concerns it- 
self less with prescribing rules for individual conduct 
and more with the inculcation of sound spiritual ideals. 

There is both loss and gain in such a change but 
the gain is much greater than the loss. The loss is 
that there will be less uniformity of practice and less 
guarantee against the presence in the church of mem- 
bers whose conduct is below the Christian standard. 
The gain is that the conduct will be a more genuine 
expression of the inner life, the actual spiritual state 
of the membership and the task to be accomplished 
will be more manifest and the church field of oppor- 
tunity greatly, enlarged. 

I have long wished that everybody would do right. 
Especially have I wished that every professing Chris- 
tian would walk worthily of the calling wherewith he , 
has been called. But since that ideal never has been 
realized, the problem of dealing with the fact in the 
wisest way is always present. I am simply observing 
that the past year has disclosed a changing viewpoint 
as to that wisest way. 

The lesson to be drawn is that we must reen force, 
in the strongest possible manner, every constructive 
agency for strengthening the spiritual life of our 
church membership. Religious education in the deep- 
est, broadest, most thoroughgoing sense must be 
stressed as never before. 

Some may feel that the chief emphasis should be put 
upon an effort to establish more complete control of 
individual conduct through legislative measures. But 
the promise of future church efficiency does not lie in 
that direction. Evolutions do not go backward any 
oftener than revolutions. The conditions of forty 

years ago or of thirty or twenty or ten, can never re- 
turn. And no one who realizes all that would be in- 
volved can wish that they could. We shall do well 
and wisely if we recognize this and shape our policies 
and programs accordingly. 

Some of the brethren have been much interested in 
the subject of the authority of the church over the 
lives and conduct of her members. But there is great 
danger of missing the point here. The important ques- 
tion is one not of authority but of spiritual wisdom. 
The question to be answered is : What is best for the 
cause? In the mind of any sensible person there never 
was any question about the authority of the church to 
do whatever will best promote the object for which 
the church exists. What that is, is the point to be 
determined. There is no question of authority in- 
volved, any more than there is in family government. 
Of course, parents have authority over their children. 
But the big question which parents have to face is: 
How can we exercise our authority for the highest 
good of our children? It is the same way in the 
church. How can the church use her right to pre- 
scribe policies for the guidance of the membership, so 
that the greatest number will be saved and nurtured 
into Christlikeness? This is the vital question. 

The tendency we have noted does not imply, as some 
have felt, a decline in the influence of the General Con- 
ference. It is doubtful if we ever had a Conference — 
certainly not for many years— which influenced the 
church at large more profoundly than the Conference 
of nineteen nineteen. But that was through the spirit 
which it infused into the Brotherhood, rather than 
through any detailed regulations for daily conduct. It 
was through its positive, aggressive, constructive out- 
look. The influence of our General Conference is not 
growing less. It is increasing. It is the method of 
exerting that influence which is undergoing modifica- 

This thought leads naturally to the second of those 
two things we found in nineteen nineteen — a changing 
world outlook. I mean a changing outlook toward the 
world — a changing conception of our relation to 
society at large. We have been gripped by a new sense 
of our responsibility toward the social and spiritual 
situation, both in our immediate environment and 
throughout the whole world. At least that sense of 
responsibility has made substantial progress in getting 
a grip on us. We are sharing in the general awaken- 
ing that is seizing the churches of Christendom, and 
we are feeling more strongly than ever before that the 
Church of the Brethren must make a worthy contribu- 
tion to the great cause of world evangelization. 

I do not intend more than a mention of this point 
here. Recent editorial discussions have treated the 
subject at some length and there is a possibility of still 
further observations along" the same line. But any- 
thing so manifest as this could not be omitted from a 
list of nineteen nineteen tendencies. 

It isn't much of a " list," however, with only two 
entries. I am making no attempt at a complete inven- 
tory. The two points named are cited because they 
are outstanding and because, as I profoundly believe, 
they are significant of our development in the years 
to come, and contain, therefore, the message of nine- 
teen nineteen to us as we cross the threshold of nineteen 

What is that message, in a word? I shall not try to 
state it better than a great prophet stated it long, long 
years ago : 

Awake, Awake, put on thy Strength, Zion. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 3, 1920 



Is Anybody Happier? 

Is anybody happier because you passed his way? 
Does anyone remember that you spoke to him today? 
This day is almost over and its toiling time is through ; 
Is there anyone to utter now a kindly word of you? 
Did you give a cheerful greeting to the friend who came 

Or a churlish sort of "howdy" and then vanish in the 

Were you selfish, pure and simple, as you pushed along 

your way. 
Or is some one mighty grateful for a deed you did today? 

Can you say tonight, in parting with the day that's 

slipping fast, 
That you helped a single brother of the many that you 

Is a single heart rejoicing over what you did or said? 
Does a man whose hopes were fading, now with courage 

look ahead? 
Did you waste the day or use it, was it well or poorly 

Did you leave a trail of kindness or a scar of discontent? 
As you close your eyes in slumber do you think that God 

would say 
You have earned one more tomorrow of the work you 

did today? 

—Detroit Free Press. 

An Efficiency Movement 


Of Jesus it is said that he knew all men — knew what 
was in man (John 2: 24, 25). He even knew the 
thoughts of his enemies, as well as his friends. To 
him man was an open book. He could look into his 
soul, his heart and his brain. Besides this he knew the 
needs of man ; and knew how to reach his heart. 
Furthermore, he knew the mind of God. He knew his 
will and his purpose. The whole plan of salvation was 
spread out before him. On all the points, relating to 
the redemption of man, he had been thoroughly 
schooled, and so efficient was he, as an expounder of 
the will of the Heavenly Father, that even his enemies 
said: " No man ever spake like this man." In all of 
his talks, whether in public or private, he had the 
genius as well as the diction of heaven. In these par- 
ticulars he was a marvel. 

Later we have Paul coming on the scene of action. 
He, too, understood the Word of God. He had mas- 
tered the whole scheme of human redemption. Then 
he understood man — not as thoroughly as did his Mas- 
ter, but he had a good working knowledge of the 
nature of those to whom he preached, and for whom he 
wrote. Even while appearing in court as a prisoner, 
he knew how to touch the heart of King Agrippa, and 
to wring a confession from him. At Philippi God 
could command his trained assistance in opening the 
heart of Lydia. In fact, he was the most efficient ex- 
pounder of the truth, and the winner of souls of his 
•Jay and generation. He not only laid the foundation 
of churches, but he posed as a master builder. His 
training for his work was thorough, and in efficiency 
he stood second to none. 

To Timothy, one of his converts, and a student in 
the school of Christ, he one time wrote: " Study to 
show thyself approved unto God, a workman that 
needeth not to be ashamed, rightly dividing the word 
of truth " {2 Tim. 2: 15). This was another way of 
telling this young preacher that in his preparation for 
preaching the Gospel he should not stop short of the 
highest grade in efficiency. He wanted his training to 
be such as to meet the approval of God. As a minis- 
ter, he must not be ashamed of his work. To reach 
such attainments required hard and prolonged study, 
and that is just what Timothy was asked to do. It 
meant not only preparation but thorough preparation. 
The young man was to understand the Word of God, 
understand his message and to understand the people 
among whom he labored. 

For all of our ministers this is the problem of the 
present generation. It is wholly up-to-date preparation 
and efficiency. Preparation for preaching the Gospel, 
feeding the flock, and winning souls to Christ is no less 
important now than it was when Paul and Timothy 
engaged in the work. If any different, the man of the 

present generation should, if possible, be better pre- 

Let it be borne in mind that this is an age of prepara- 
tion and efficiency. The men of special training are 
the ones who reach the higher mark. This training 
enters into every department of life. The cry is for 
trained men and trained women — not as a matter of 
custom or popularity, but as a matter of success. 
Other tilings being equal, the trained brain can out- 
think and outwork the one that has not been trained. 
It not only does more work but it can do it better. 

For nearly every industry there are experts who can 
show workmen how to accomplish the most with the 
efforts put forth. A given number of motions lays a 
brick. A given number of strokes sends the nail home. 
The skillful fanner shows his boy how to direct his 
plow so as to turn over the most ground in a given 
number of rounds. The training goes to the end of 
the list, teaching men how to think, how to write and 
how to talk. The air is full of this training, and men 
fall into line as a matter of business. They want the 
best and this is the way to get it. 

How about the preacher? Is he to be trained? If 
so, how? When? And where? It used to be said 
that the way to learn to preach is to preach. This is 
one way. That is the way past generations talked 
about making trained soldiers : Send them to the field 
and let them learn to fight by fighting. The world is 
getting past this. The training comes first, and there 
is a lot of it. Most of our efficient present-day preach- 
ers have been trained in the pulpit. The road was a 
long one, and some of them became gray before they 
thoroughly understood themselves or their work. Is 
there not a better and a shorter way? Most assuredly. 

Why not start a preacher-training movement ? Four 
years of thorough training under an efficient teacher 
may be worth a dozen years in the pulpit. Give the 
young man four years in the best school for the pur- 
pose and he will be all the better when he has spent 
ten years in the pulpit and at his church work in 
general. Four or more years in the hands of a 
specialist will help him to think better, faster and more 

He ought to be trained how to think in creditable 
English, how to use his mother tongue, and how to use 
it well. His mind needs to be broadened, and to be 
given the height, depth and stability needed. His eyes, 
ears and passions need training. He ought not to have 
to blunder into what he should know about the proper 
use of faculties, strength and sentiment. His voice 
needs the best of training, and here is probably the 
greatest known weakness in the modern pulpit. As 
nearly as possible, every preacher ought to have a voice 
trained to perfection. A strong message passed out by 
a minister with a weak voice, falls flat. 

The preacher needs training in the doctrine he is to 
teach. He should understand his Bible and understand 
it well. His training should enable him to dig out his 
sermons, and, by the way, these are about the only 
sermons worth listening to. Placing a congregation in 
the care of an untrained pastor, who gets all his ser- 
mons out of sermon books, is like feeding a family 
from day to day on merely warmed-over food. It 
takes a man who knows his Bible to dig down deep 
enough to get something fresh for the people who make 
up his congregations. A man may read the sermons 
of other ministers, but when he goes into the pulpit he 
should have something that he has worked out and 
made his own. All this demands training, and a whole 
lot of it. It means that the preacher should understand 
the doctrine of his own church, the usages of his own 
people, the genius of his church, as well as the litera- 
ture of his own denomination. This further should 
include his message and should mean a knowledge of 
the people whom he is serving. 

Where should he receive his training? In our own 
schools, of course. Here is where he should receive 
his literary drill. At least he should patronize our 
schools to the limit of their course of studies. If he 
needs more than our schools can give, let him first 
secure all the help our institutions can supply. By all 
means should he take his Bible training in our schools. 
Train our ministers in the theological schools of other 
churches, and inside of a few years we will have more 
or less of the doctrines of these denominations taught 

from our pulpits. That is our trouble now. The 
president of due of our largest schools writes us, say- 
ing that " of recent years we have allowed so many 
things taught in our pulpits that I sometimes wonder 
whether we have a position." 

This is the result of much wrong training. Other 
denominations train their ministers in their own doc- 
trines, and if we propose to have a body of proficient 
preachers, who understand their business, as Brethren 
ministers, we must see to it that they fully understand 
the principles for which the Church of the Brethren 
stands. In this age of efficiency we must concern our- 
selves about the theological as well as the literary 
training of the men who are to fill our pulpits. Let us 
also see to it that our schools, or at least some of them, 
are properly equipped for this special line of training. 
It is a matter about which we can not afford to be in- 

Sebrbig, Fla. < i 

The Whatsoever of John 15 


We all desire to have our prayers answered, and 
sometimes a selfish thought enters: "If God would 
give whatever we wanted, regardless of aught else, 
how fortunate we would be ! " But it is only when we 
allow our carnal desires to rule, that we would make 
Heaven just a great bank upon which to draw, to 
satisfy our selfish desires. We remember that the 
Kingdom is spiritual and the world has become second- 
ary with us. So our prayers must be for the spiritual 
side of our lives, before the material. James tells of 
people whose prayers were not answered because they 
were asking for the things that would satisfy their 

Note the context: "If ye abide in me, and my 
words abide in you, ask whatsoever ye will, and it shall 
be done unto you." First of all, there is necessity of 
a vital relation with the Master. He has illustrated 
this with the vine. Though it is the function of the 
branches to bear the clusters of grapes, they are able 
to do this, only because of their organic relation with 
the vine itself. If this connection is broken, the branch 
is powerless to bear fruit, or even to maintain life. It 
is cast forth as brush and is burned. So we must main- 
tain this vital relation with the Master — he must dwell 
within us. He becomes the spring of our spiritual life. 
It is only in so far as we are like Jesus, that we may 
claim the promise ; the branch partakes of the character 
of the vine. 

Note the motive of our praying this prayer: 
" Herein is my Father glorified, that we bear much 
fruit." We are not asking blessings that we may spend 
them selfishly on our desires, that we may live idle, 
sheltered lives. The man who lives for himself alone 
can find no license to claim this prayer promise. We 
pray that power be given us to bear fruit. Since un- 
broken relation between branch and vine is necessary 
for life, it is also necessary for our fruit-bearing and 
it is for this that we pray. We ask for physical and 
mental strength for our task. We even ask that God 
bless us with material wealth that we may minister to 
the world's need. But, in asking for material bless- 
ings, we need large grace ; the temptation is strong to 
desire these things for our own advantage under the 
cover of a religious motive. We profess the name of 
the Christ; therefore we demand that God bless us be- 
cause of this profession! In other words, we may 
follow for the loaves and fishes. Such motives can not 
be justified under this text. Are we using our abilities, 
our personality, our strong intellect to serve God, or " 
to secure personal benefit? The wealth that he gives 
us, is it used for our ambitions and luxury, or do we 
use it to help our fellow-men and to spread abroad his 
kingdom ? 

But the largest range of possibility, in this as well 
as other prayer promises, is on the side of spiritual 
things. When we ask for spiritual strength, divine 
wisdom, heavenly treasures, we are clear of the temp- 
tations that come when we ask for material blessings, 
for these can not foster our pride and selfishness. 
Therefore they are never denied us, and they are of 
first importance in our fruit-bearing. 

Now this introduces another thought in connection 
with the parable : The husbandman cleanses the fruit- 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 3, 1920 

ful branches that they may bear more and better fruit. 
Had the Master lived today and in a locality of which 
I am thinking, he would have used a fruit tree for his 
example instead of a grape vine. And he would have 
spoken of spraying and pruning the fruitful branches. 
This is necessary that the tree do its largest work. 
Must we not pray for cleansing along with our peti- 
tion for positive blessings? 

We pray that we may serve, but do we pray for 
humility? Humility is fundamentally necessary to 
service ; we serve well, according to the degree of our 
humility. And humility is the absence of pride. Do 
we desire to be rid of our pride? The world magnifies 
pride — " the spirit of man must be fostered." Are we 
not taught such a trend continually ? But in the King- 
dom, pride must be surrendered. Are we willing to 
undergo the pruning and cleansing, necessary to rid us 
of our pride? 

We need patience; it is one of the Christian virtues. 
Out of patience will spring sincere compassion for the 
needy ones. But how many of us — however much we 
desire patience — have the grace to ask that God send 
affliction ? And yet, my Book tells me that tribulation 
worketh patience. Not many of us can bear testings 
gracefully when they come unsought. Are we able to 
ask that God send them, if he sees they are necessary 
for his work of grace? 

Some of these essentials of character come only 
through testing; fire is necessary to burn the dross out 
of the gold. May we have grace to ask that the dead 
wood of our lives be removed, that we allow the Divine 
Husbandman to cleanse us from every useless and un- 
worthy trait ! How we have limited God's answer to 
this prayer! How seldom he has had opportunity of 
proving his faithfulness to answer in largest measure! 
He is glorified when we bear much fruit. Here is a 
prayer-promise, the truth of which can not be chal- 
lenged. The measure of the " whatsoever " depends 
on you and me — God will do his part. Lord, teach us 
to pray for those things which will enable us to bear 
much fruit ! 

Chicago, III. p ^ m 

Eyes and See Not 


One is filled with sympathy and compassion for 
those who are physically blind. To grope around in 
darkness, as it were, to be dependent on others to direct 
our footsteps, to be deprived of the inspiration of the 
green and growing fields, the ripening grains and 
fruits, the smile with which nature, in all of her full- 
ness and gladness, welcomes and cheers us in our daily 
toils, troubles and vexations, to be deprived of looking 
into beaming faces and friendly eyes of our friends 
and neighbors — these are some of the conditions in 
which such unfortunates are placed. And to some of 
us, who perhaps live more by sight than by faith, these 
conditions are very grievous and deplorable. 

Jesus had great compassion for the blind, as he did 
for all physical ailmentsr He made it plain, however, 
that there is worse blindness than simply to lose the 
sight of one's eyes. He referred to those having eyes 
that see not, and ears that hear not — that is, they do 
not see the things they ought to see, nor do they hear 
the things they ought to hear. 

Those, then, that are physically blind have a deeper 
perception of the things that are hidden. They see 
with the eyes of the soul. There must be a great satis- 
faction, after all, to those who are not handicapped as 
we are by the material attractions that surround us, 
and often debar us from the real and fundamental 
things of life. 

When the disciples chided Christ for not partaking 
of food, he replied in veiled but forceful language 
that he had eaten of food of which they were ignorant. 
How we fail to grasp the significance of this incident ! 

Take a community of blind people. There must be 
happ' ness ana " contentment, there must be a spiritual 
communion and fellowship of which we know not. 
Things that would attract us and draw our attention 
and perhaps disconcert us somewhat, do not concern 
them- A young lady, dressed in the latest fashion, 
wholly bent to show her finery, would have poor en- 
couragement in the display of her vanities. 

Our sense of seeing is the most useful and may be 
the most enjoyable of all our senses — the medium 
through which our souls may be enriched, our intellects 
quickened, and our religious perceptions enlarged. At 
the same time, through this medium our souls may be- 
come pitifully dwarfed and pinched — the scope of our 
minds narrowed to things secondary, to the neglect of 
the weightier matters. Let us consider, for a moment, 
what a happy time there would be if we were blind to 
the faults of our brethren and sisters, and would be 
more intent upon removing the dirt that is accumulat- 
ing before our own doors. 

Fairfax, Va. " 

The Sin We Are Not Saying Much About 

There is a sin in our church that is condemned more 
severely than any other in the Scriptures, and yet we 
have said but little about it. We have condemned the 
scribes and Pharisees of Jerusalem, and preached 
against the flagrant sins of the Israelites of four thou- 
sand years ago. We have discussed the faults and 
failures of the church, both pro and con, and have sug- 
gested a thousand remedies and tried as many expedi- 
ents, in our efforts to overcome her seeming impo- 
tency ; but there is a sin we have not said much about. 
We have confessed to almost every sin mentioned in 
the Scriptures, but there is one sin we have passed 
over lightly. 

Now we are beginning to wonder whether or not, 
after all, we have been silent on the most grievous and 
soul-destroying of them all. Shall I tell you what it 
is? Yes; its common name and also its aristocratic, 
its historical, and its Scriptural name is COVETOUS- 
NESS. It thrust its ugly head into the very begin- 
nings of the race; and throughout the history of 
struggling humanity, it has been the tap " root of all 
evil." Our Edenic Parents first tasted of its bitter 
fruits, when they refused to acknowledge God's sov- 
ereignty, by coveting and appropriating for their own 
use that which God had reserved for himself. Thus, 
at the very dawn of recorded history, Adam and Eve 
repudiated God's fundamental law of the tithe, and 
committed the sin that banished them from the Para- 
dise of God; but it was the sin that we have passed 
over lightly and as being of secondary importance and 

This sin again shows its homely face when Cain 
fails to return to God the portion of the fruit of the 
soil that his law required, and Abel " offered a more 
abundant sacrifice," and honored God in the recogni- 
tion of one of the most primal laws given to the human 
family. Thus the story of sin and death, covetous- 
ness, and all the ills and woes that follow, may be 
traced throughout the record of human life — from 
" Man's first disobedience and the fruit of that for- 
bidden tree, whose mortal taste brought death into the 
world," until now. 

One of the outstanding reasons why we have passed 
over covetousness so lightly, is that many have con- 
fused this grievous sin with the art of saving and the 
necessity of thrift and economy, and in many instances 
dignified it as a virtue, rather than a sin. 

But there is a line where saving leaves off and covet- 
ousness begins. Saving is legitimate, and should be 
encouraged. Conservation is the law of life. It is 
our Christian duty to save aad conserve all our re- 
sources, and all that rightfully belongs to us. The 
Scriptures teach economy, frugality, and thrift, and 
condemn prodigality and waste. Economy and thrift 
are the allies of the larger life, when properly safe- 
guarded. Christian stewardship is the effective bar- 
rier to the inroads to sin and selfishness. " Men must 
be taught to save, not for themselves, but for minister- 
ing in behalf of the Kingdom of God." 

Jesus constantly warned us against the peril of 
saving. When he condemned the foolish farmer, it was 
not because he was thrifty and practiced economy, but 
because " the egotist was actually planning to bestow 
in his new barns A-L-L his fruits and his goods." 
Jesus called him a fool because he thought only of his 
assets and what he had, and forgot his liabilities and 

There is a peril in saving, lest it develop into a spirit 
of miserliness and covetousness. For six thousand 

years God's children have tried to rob him of the tithe, 
and for six thousand years a trail of retribution and 
judgment have followed ; and now we wonder : " What 
is the matter with God's world? " The answer is in 
Mai. 3: 10: " Bring ye all the tithes into the store- 
house, that there may be food in my house, and prove 
me now herewith, saith Jehovah of hosts, if I will 
not open you the windows of heaven, and pour you 
out a blessing, that there shall not be room enough to 
receive it." 

Paul catalogued covetousness as one of the most 
flagrant sins and made no apologies for classifying it 
thus. Here is what he says: " For this you know of 
a surety, that no fornicator, nor unclean person, nor 
covetous man, who is an idolater, hath any inheritance 
in the kingdom of Christ and God." To the Colossians 
he wrote : " Put to death therefore your members 
which are upon the earth: fornication, uncleanness, 
passion, evil desire, and covetousness, which is idola- 
try." Surely Paul does not mean that a man who 
short-changes God is as guilty of sin as the adulterer 
and the idolater. In Romans, he speaks of those with- 
out God as " being filled with all unrighteousness, 
wickedness, covetousness, maliciousness; full of envy, 
murder, strife, deceit, malignity; whisperers, back- 
biters, hateful to God, insolent, haughty, boastful, in- 
ventors of evil things, disobedient to parents." Every 
one of these sins is recognized and abhorred by us; 
every one except covetousness we fight, with system 
and determination. Why do we skip the most serious 
of them all? 

If Deacon Jones gets drunk, we call a meeting of the 
official board and he is dismissed from th» member- 
ship of the church. Deacon Brown never gets drunk, 
comes to church regularly, is prosperous and well-to- 
do, but is shrewd and discreet and careful of his 
money. His income is $3,000 per year, and he gives 
to the church fifteen dollars per year for current ex- 
penses and ten dollars per year for benevolences. No, 
Deacon Brown does not drink, does not swear, is good 
to his family, goes to church regularly ; but he does not 
give more than one per cent of his income to the sup- 
port of the Kingdom. The fact of the matter is, that 
he is covetous, or I do not know what the Bible means 
by covetousness. He has been robbing God of the 
tithe. Deacon Brown is brought before the official 
board to answer to the charge of the sin of covetous- 
ness. The Bible is produced and carefully read to 
show clearly what covetousness means and how surely 
the church can not prosper while such sin is harbored 
within it. Could you imagine such a case? Even if 
you could, what would be the verdict? " Not guilty." 
and Deacon Brown would be exonerated of all that 
had been charged against him and he would be received 
with open arms by the brethren ; while Deacon Jones 
must suffer the humiliation and disgrace of having 
been dismissed from the fellowship of the church for 
a no more serious sin than that charged against his 
more fortunate fellow-deacon. 

Here we are with a sin within the church that is 
condemned more violently in the Scriptures than any 
other. Read the record from Genesis to Revelation, 
and we can not find any evil denounced in as lurid 
language as is this sin of covetousness; and yet, in this 
year of our Lord, it is the only sin that has a respect- 
able standing in these virtuous communities of ours. 
Furthermore, it not only fails to be considered as a 
sin, and not only do we shrink from mentioning it, 
much less punishing it, but the staggering fact is that 
this sin is looked up to, and is considered a superior 
kind of virtue among a large per cent of Christian 
folks. Startling, is it not? Fornication, covetousness, 
idolatry — these colors go together. This is the proper 
setting. God's Book so records it. 

Brethren, is it not about time we were beginning to 
talk about this thing, and preach about it, and teach 
the people the whole truth of the matter? Is it not 
about time we were awakening to the fact that this is 
the sin that made Achan a thief, Gehazi a leper, Ana- 
nias a liar, and Judas betray Christ, and Christians, 
for centuries, crucify afresh the Lord of life, and 
churches for five hundred years submit to the humiliat- 
ing spectacle of robbing God of his own? We do not 
want to be guilty of a sin that Paul uses as the climax 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 3, 1920 

to a list of sins, including adultery and all manner of 
uncleanness. Thousands of Christians are becoming 
conscious of the loathsome, leprous nature of this awful 
sin and are confessing it and receiving power to over- 
come it. Let us join this ever-increasing number, who 
no longer are willing to be a party to the suppression 
of sin, so destructive and deadly to spiritual life and 
the progress of the Kingdom.— Herald of Gospel 

Liberty. . «. . . 

How to Make Disciples 


In the Great Commission we are authorized to 
■■ make disciples of all nations " (American Version). 
If we had done it, we should not now be having the 
great world unrest that is shaking the foundations of 
our civilization. We have been lazy, careless, faith- 
less, or something, so that now the whole world is 
weltering in sin and its corruption. We, as Christians, 
are suffering because of it, as well as those that are not 
Christians. In fact, we are likely to suffer more before 
we get through with it. 

If we were sure that this is about the end of the 
world, it would not be quite so foolish for Christians 
to sit down and do nothing more toward the evangeliza- 
tion of the world, but no one is sure of that, nor can 
he be ; and it is not only foolish but criminally careless 
longer to neglect the great work committed to the 
church. The church must take up its work in earnest 
faith and hope, and push it forward with all the power 
that God can give, or be forever convicted of faithless- 
ness and folly. It being accepted that the great work 
of the church is to make disciples, the next question 
is: How can we do it? 

When you come to think of it, it is quite a task to 
make a real disciple of the average man. Most men 
are inclined to think a good deal of their own ideas 
and ways of doing things. They have achieved a 
measure of success in making a living, establishing a 
home, perhaps bringing up children. They have their 
circle of friends, who respect them and treat them as 
though they amounted to something. All this gives a 
man confidence in the manner of life he has been living. 
It is hard to get him to see that it is fundamentally 
wrong and will lead him to certain destruction if he 
does not change. 

This is especially true if you tell him what really 
must be changed. It is not so hard to get him to 
realize that he has made mistakes and has sinned and 
come short of the glory of God, and that he needs a 
Savior to bear the penalty of his sin, £0 that he can 
escape the punishment that is due. But he may believe 
all of that and become a member of the church, with 
the idea of escaping the sin penalty, and still not be a 
disciple of Jesus. Discipleship means teachableness 
and meekness, and that is another matter. 

To be a disciple, one must have a profound convic- 
tion of his own weakness, shortsightedness, and in- 
ability to direct his own life along lines of righteous- 
ness and real success. He must be ready to submit 
each plan to the Lord and hold that plan in abeyance 
until he is at least reasonably sure that it is the Lord's 
best plan for him. Then he must be willing to ask God 
for guidance in ever)' step, and wait for the guidance 
before moving, just as did the Lord Jesus, Further- 
more, he must be willing to change his personal habits, 
so as to best serve the great purpose of glorifying God 
in his body and his spirit. He must learn to take hard- 
ship and mistreatment patiently, committing every- 
thing unto the Father, just as the Lord did. This wipes 
out revenge, malice, anger, jealousy and all the com- 
mon, natural motives that move men so often to un- 
righteousness. In place of them, it develops meekness, 
patience, kindness, and love. Splendid qualities but 
hard to get without paying a great price. 

How can men be brought to make these great 
changes? By persuasive words of man's wisdom? By 
eloquence, enthusiasm, argumentation, personal influ- 
ence, prestige of learning? I think not. I think there 
is only one way to do it — We must so preach, teach, 
;ni'l live that men shall see, realize, and believe that 
Jesus Christ is the Son of God, that he was and is 
always right, and that outside of being as right as 
Jesus is, there is nothing but danger, loss, and sorrow. 

The man that becomes profoundly impressed with 
these truths, and is moved upon by the Holy Spirit to 
seek discipleship with the Master, is right in line for 
discipleship. If, then, he is taught to keep himself 
right there by prayer and by reading of the Word, and 
by careful, conscientious conduct, and is willing to 
undertake it — cost what it may— he is ready for bap- 
tism. By that act he enters " into the name of the 
Father, and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit," which 
closely unites him with the entire Godhead and to each 
member thereof, according to the believer's peculiar 
relation to each. Moreover, he also enters into the re- 
mission of his sins, dies to his former relation to sin, 
and arises to. a new life in Jesus Christ. 

Now, to go back over it, we find still one place where 
we must again ask: " How? " How can we so teach, 
preach, and live, as to bring the man into the state of 
mind and spirit which enables him to realize the power 
and glory of the righteousness of Christ? That is the 
real problem. I have heard men try to do that, I think, 
but most preachers do not even try it. They do not 
seem to know that it needs to be done or can be done. 
Most preachers try to get men to realize that they are 
sinners, true enough, and they tell men that Jesus 
Christ was without sin and that they should take him 
as their example. They pray, also, that the Holy Spirit 
may convict them of their sin, of the righteousness of 
Christ, and of the judgment to come; but is all that 
enough ? I think not. I think it takes more than that. 
One must know Christ himself. One must be a daily 
worshiper of him, must meditate much on his right- 
eousness, must find in him continual guidance, strength 
to resist sin, courage to face affliction, power to walk 
with him in daily and hourly service, and grace to 
maintain, at full tide, a life of love, joy, peace, long- 
suffering, kindness, goodness, faithfulness, meekness, 
and self-control. Moreover, he mu§t be a man of 
much prayer, able to secure the cooperation of the 
Spirit of God, in convicting the sinner of bis need of 

A man does, indeed, need to know that without 
Christ he stands under eternal condemnation for his 
sin, and that, to be safe, he must accept the sacrifice 
of Jesus for himself, but he needs more than that to 
be a true disciple. He needs all that I have mentioned 
above to make him a true disciple, such as Jesus wants. 
Some men can be brought to that point easier than 
others. We are reaching the easiest ones today. What 
we need to do is to reach at least the average man, and 
to hope and pray for ability to reach the most difficult. 
God grant us grace and wisdom for the great task that 
is ours! 

Oroville, Wash. 



We have a very bad impression of the Pharisees, 
perhaps a worse one than they deserved. Christ was 
forced to attack them vigorously, because they stood 
in the way of his propaganda. There is, of course, no 
doubt that his insistence on a religion of the heart was 
absolutely necessary, and that the Pharisaic formalism 
almo6t inevitably led to a disregard of motive, of real 
love and charity, and was, at its best, but part of a 
religion, but it is clear that a Pharisee was not neces- 
sarily personally vicious, dishonest, or even selfish. 
There are names among them — Hillel, Gamaliel, Nico- 
demus — against which there is no reproach. 

Their society — organized after the return from the 
Babylonish captivity, in order to serve God more 
worthily by fulfilling the Mosaic law more conscien- 
tiously—established schools and rapidly acquired a 
great influence. Josephus, who was himself one of 
their number, but whose evidence, at this point, is 
probably trustworthy, speaks of them as moderate in 
inflicting punishments, careless of creature comforts, 
reasonable, virtuous and respectful to the aged. Under 
Syrian and Roman rule they died by hundreds for their 
faith, from which it would appear that their religion — 
formalism as it undoubtedly was — was more than a 
mere formality, and that they were not all lacking in 
courage and sincerity. 

When they opposed Christ, they were consistently 
carrying out their religious tenets. A man who pre- 

sumed to religious leadership and yet ostentatiously 
neglected practices which they held to be necessary to 
salvation, who taught that all men are equal, whereas 
they were sure that the best places, in the approaching 
temporal kingdom of the Messiah, were to be held by 
a select few, and who openly branded them as hypo- 
crites and evil-doers, must be put down at any cost. 
Their method of effecting his elimination was a cruel 
and wicked one, but even here we can not hold the 
entire sect responsible. One of them (John 7: 50), 
even protested against his condemnation, and assisted 
later at his burial (John 19: 39). 

A modern German student has drawn an interesting 
parallel between the Pharisees and the Jesuits. That 
famous and much-abused Catholic Order was estab- 
lished by one of the most devoted of Christians, and 
saints, martyrs — sublimely beautiful characters — have 
been found and probably still are to be found in their 
ranks ; but their approval of all means which may help 
to accomplish a pious end, and their constant interfer- 
ence in secular affairs, have made them distasteful to 
many Catholics as well as to Protestants. So the 
Pharisees were enterprising and unscrupulous prosely- 
tizers, and, as with the Jesuits, the glory of God came 
to be so entirely synonymous in their minds with the 
success of the order that everything which stood in the 
way of that object was mercilessly sacrificed. 

The Pharisees were probably a sect with higher 
ideals, on the whole, than the Sadducees. It is the 
accident of their coming in conflict with Christ which 
has brought their faults and weaknesses into such 
high relief. The object of this discussion is not to 
justify them, but to sound a note of warning, with re- 
gard to our attitude toward them. In the first place, 
we out-Herod Herod by looking down on the con- 
scientious temple-frequenter of the eighteenth of Luke, 
with a Pharisaical self-complacency quite as reprehen- 
sible as his attitude toward the publican. How many 
of as give tithes of all we possess? How many of us 
are not extortioners or unjust? May not some of us 
have his vice without his virtues? 

And this brings us to the consideration of the most 
insidious of all sins, a sin to which every human being 
is prone, even when he has all others uprooted. Christ 
warned his followers to " beware of the leaven of the 
Pharisees." Alas, that leaven has leavened the whole 
Lump of human society. Self-complacency, intoler- 
ance, the I-am-holier-than-thou position, is a load that 
" Pilgrim " finds it sadly difficult to rid himself of, al- 
though he knows that he must needs do so if he is ever 
to reach his goal. The Pharisee was anxious for the 
success of his own sect, and to secure this end he would 
a little rather than not that others did not succeed. 
His object was not to elevate the race as a whole; but 
the race, as he saw it, was at one end of a see-saw, and 
the lower that end fell, the higher he and his sect, at 
the other end, would rise. So the modern Pharisee is 
just a little happier when he, his family, his church, his 
country, thrive at the expense of others. If all were 
raised, it would be to him much the same as if all re- 
mained stationary. The Pharisee's wife would care 
nothing for a diamond necklace if her washerwoman 
had one ; and the Pharisee himself, even if he has never 
confessed it to himself, would prize his soul's salvation 
much less highly if all the world were saved. 

It is very difficult to separate self-confidence, the 
most necessary of virtues — for it is only faith turned 
earthward — from this most insidious of vices. It is 
hard to rank myself highly without estimating others 
meanly ; it is hard to rise without pushing others down. 
The problem meets us at every turn of our business 
and social lives. " Lord, make me fair to others," a 
certain business man is said to pray every day of his 
life; and he has need to pray it with all the earnestness 
he can summon. We are in the habit of criticising men 
of affairs for failing to make their every-day practice 
square with their Sunday profession, and men of in- 
telligence and refinement for admitting that all men 
are brothers and yet slighting the coarse and ignorant 
— and we risk Pharisaism every time we do it. It is 
the hardest problem a human being was ever set to 
solve, and only conscious and constant help from above 
can bring an approach to a solution. 

National Pharisaism has done nations incalculable 
harm, for sin inevitably brings failure, and the effect 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 3, 1920 

appears on a grand scale when the sin is of national 
proportions. The French conviction of superiority to 
the Germans lost them the campaign of 1870 and a first 
rank among nations. English jingoism has made Eng- 
land millions of enemies. The same has been true of 
our own country, which may eventually lose the posi- 
tion she is so sure of having been divinely called to 
occupy, when such a position can only be the fruit, of 
unremitting effort and constant readiness to learn 
from others. 

" I thank God," boasted the Pharisee, when he 
should have been praying, " that I am not as other men 
are." Alas ! All men are very much alike at bottom — 
and since the leaven of Pharisaism and other vices 
works with such terrible potency, the only way to lift 
yourself decidedly and permanently, is to elevate the 
race. It is an excellent specific against selfishness and 
egotism to get out and work for others — and one man 
very rarely starts out to help another without finding 
in time that the other is able to help him. He that 
humbleth himself shall be exalted, for the very simple 
and obvious reason that the only way to learn, to im- 
prove, to grow, is to be unassuming, open-minded, 
teachable. God help us all to that humility which is 
both a Christian virtue and the indispensable condition 
of all progress and usefulness ! 

Norman, Okla, 

. — .-♦— 

The Bridge 


It was a beautiful day. The sun shone brightly. 
Birds flitted through the air from tree to tree. Every 
plant showed forth a joyous gladness to a happy world 
by tender shoot, leaf and flower. 

A young man walked leisurely along the railroad 
track. He paused often to look, both right and left, 
and his lungs breathed in the pure, untainted air. His 
was a care-free life. His only thought was of pleas- 
ure, as he walked along with the elastic step of youth. 
What thought he of the future? He was young and 
in perfect health. A whole life-time of good things 
awaited him, and he moved slowly along. 

He continued to step from tie to tie until his walk 
took him to a long railroad bridge. He did not pause 
at all, but cpntmued his stroll across the bridge. It 
was a long structure. He paused from time to time 
to look down into the depths of the waters, wondering, 
at times, that one should ever be afraid of such. a 
placid surface, as they now presented. 

But, listen! A voice called: "Look out!" 

The young man turned his head slowly. He won- 
dered idly to whom the owner of the voice was calling. 

""Well," mused he, as he finally located the man who 
was calling, " why is he waving so frantically? " 

Still the man continued to shout asiustily as his 
lungs permitted : " Look out, look out, the train is 

Ah, now he understood. The man was calling to 

" I had better look back," thought he. 

Just as he turned his head, the engine whistled 
shrilly, " To-o-o-t, t-o-o-o-o-t, t-o-o-o-o-o-t." 

The man walking on the bridge looked wildly about 
him — now thoroughly aroused to his own peril. 

"What shall I do? Oh, what shall I do"?" he ex- 
claimed frantically. 

He measured, with his eye, the distance to the end 
of the bridge, toward which the engine was rapidly 
approaching. It was the nearest end shoreward, but 
some quick intuition told the young man that safety 
did not lie in that direction. 

He darted a horror-stricken look downward to the 
placid waters he had so lately admired. 

" No," said he, " the height is too great. The water 
is too far below me. I can not leap in safety. Oh, 'I 
can not swim," and he shivered as he thought of a 
death by drowning. 

Across his memory flashed a picture he had once 
seen of a drowning man, way out on the billowy waves 
of the deep. One hand, as he recalled it, was thrown 
wildly heavenward, while a despairing eye cast appeal- 
ing glances upward as a huge wave rolled ominously 
over him. 

With a quick start, the young man looked toward 

the distant end of the bridge. Straight as two silvery 
lines, the rails led his eyes onward to the firm green 
land. How beautiful, oh, how beautiful it looked ! 

All the while the grim, puffing monster of steel kept 
relentlessly after him. 

Fear had now taken possession of his heart and a 
message flashed to his feet: " Run for your life." 

The young heart pumped forth the vigorous life 
blood and he seemed scarcely to touch the ties as his 
nimble feet carried him toward safety. Still the 
muscles of youth were no match for steel and steam. 
Thus it was that the race was unequal. 

Soon it would be over. Never before had anything 
seemed so nice to the eye nor more to be desired than 
the patch of green at the end of the bridge. 

The roar in his rear became louder and louder. For 
an instant, the young man turned his head and cast a 
beseeching eye toward the engine. Its very look 
seemed cold and heartless and powerful. 

" All is lost," wailed he, " all is lost," and he turned 
his head and closed his eyes for an instant, believing it 
would soon be over. Quick as a lightning flash, the 
picture was before him, showing his mangled remains 
being wept over and carried to a premature grave, be- 
cause of his foolishness. 

Just then a brawny arm shot forth and a sinewy 
hand grasped the young man by the shoulder, and 
literally carried him to safety as the train swept by. 

" Saved ! saved ! " breathed the young fellow, as 
hope again took place in his heart and thankfulness 
.permeated his whole being. 

On this bridge were certain safety places, built for 
just such emergencies as this, though the young man 
did not know they were there. Not so with the man 
who helped him to safety. His way also led across the 
bridge often, but he kept an eye out for danger, and 
took refuge at one of these spots when occasion arose. 
So it is with the pleasure-seeking man of the world ; 
yes, and woman, too. 

All is serene, as earthly lusts are pursued daily with- 
out ceasing, until such times when the physical being 
is in danger of destruction. 

Then eyes are cast beseechingly upward, and lips 
move in prayer. Sometimes this is in vain and one 
more soul is tossed upon the waves, and carried away 
by the relentless waters of destruction. 

Just then, some one, whose heart has been touched 
by the love of Jesus to the extent of giving his life to 
the saving of souls, sees the one who is in danger. 
The powerful hand of Christian love reaches out and 
grasps the harried soul from sin. All the while, Christ 
above looks down in approval, for we read : " God 
sent not his Son into the world to condemn the world, 
but that the world through him might be saved." 
Garrett, Pa. _^_ 

" Go Ye" 


These two little words were spoken by our Lord 
and Master just a short time before he returned to his 
Father in heaven. Away over yonder, on the eastern 
slope of the Mount of Olives, with his disciples and 
friends gathered about him, he gave this last command 
to the children of men. " Go ye into all the world, and 
preach the Gospel to every creature. He that believeth 
and is baptized shall be saved ; but he that believeth 
not shall be damned." 

After the ascension of Christ, the disciples remained 
in Jerusalem to preach the Gospel, but there was so 
much persecution, so much opposition, that one of 
their number — Stephen — was stoned to death. We are 
told that a young man, named Saul, stood by and held 
the clothing of those who cast the stones. We are led 
to believe that he not only held the clothing, but that 
he encouraged, cheered and jeered, while the heartless 
rioters pelted the innocent Stephen to his death. With 
his last breath (as did his Divine Master) he prayed 
for the forgiveness of his enemies, " Lord Jesus, re- 
ceive my spirit and lay not this sin to their charge." 
Did Saul of Tarsus hear it, and were these the words 
that penetrated his heart and afterward convicted and 
converted his soul? This we do not know, but one 
thing we do know — he had fully made up his mind to 
put to death every follower of Christ Jesus in the land. 

For this purpose he started on his way to Damascus. 
You know the story — how he was stricken with blind- 
ness, and how, after three days, he repented. When 
his sight was restored, he " changed front," and with 
a new name determined that he would now do good, 
where he had done evil in days gone by. Where he 
once persecuted the Christians, he now would defend 
them. With this purpose he went to Damascus and 
preached Christ and him crucified. This so enraged 
the Jews that they determined to kill him and, lest he 
escape, they set a watch day and night, at the gates of 
the city. 

The disciples who, some time before, had escaped 
from Jerusalem, for fear of Saul's persecution, had 
now learned to trust him. They took him to their 
homes and cared for him. In order to save his life 
from the avenging Jews, they let him down over the 
wall in a basket, during the darkness of the night. By 
this means he made his escape and returned to Jerusa- 
lem, where he fearlessly and faithfully preached the 
Gospel, and, without doubt, became the great mission- 
ary of the New Testament. Only one was greater — 
the Son of God, who was sent down from heaven for 
our salvation. Our Blessed Redeemer was made to 
suffer, and finally to die upon the cross, to go down 
into the grave, to rise again, to ascend up into heaven, 
to show us how to live and what to do, to inherit 
eternal life. Paul followed very closely in the foot- 
steps of his Lord and Master. He, too, was persecuted. 
He, too, was cast into prison. He, too, was beaten 
with many stripes, but he never forsook the cause he 
so loyally espoused, and, after his final missionary 
journey, we hear him saying to his executioners: " I 
am now ready to be offered, and the time of my de- 
parture is at hand. I have fought a good fight, I have 
finished my course, I have kept the faith." 

Today we are standing on the threshold of the twen- 
tieth century. More than nineteen hundred years of 
the Christian era have been recorded. Empires and 
kingdoms, potentates and powers have risen and fallen. 
The good, the great, the beautiful and true have lived 
and died. Changes political, social, historical — ologies, 
isms and schisms galore^-have come and gone, but 
these two little words, " Go ye," remain. In fact, they 
stand out today in their fullness of meaning — more 
vividly, if possible, than at any period of the world, 
because of the ripeness of the harvest, and the nearing 
of the coming of the millennium. 

Was it in vain that David Livingstone gave his life 
to scatter the seeds of righteousness in Darkest Africa? 
Do we grasp the thought that the immortal Stanley 
traveled seven thousand miles over the Dark Continent 
without meeting a single soul who ever heard the story 
of the cross? How far-reaching the undertaking when 
Frances Willard, with her own hands, sowed seed that 
blossomed forth into seven and a half million votes for 
total abstinence ! 

These are they who heard the " go ye." They went, 
they scattered the seed, they cast their bread upon the 
waters, and we, who are living today, see an abundance 
of fruit from their labors. England, Europe, Asia, 
Africa, North and South America — in fact, all nations, 
have had their wonderful missionaries. Great men and 
women have given their lives for Christ and the 
church. I think the words of the immortal William 
Carey express the sentiment of many of them when he 
said: "I go down, but you must hold the ropes." 
There is no exemption : you must either go, or hold the 
ropes. " Go ye " means to do your share — no matter 
who or what you are. " Go ye," to the adult, means 
this : Do your duty or the crown you'll miss. 

They tell tis that there are a thousand million non- 
Christians in heathen lands. They are dying at the 
rate of forty millions annually — one hundred thousand 
a day. Every tick of a watch sounds the death-knell 
of a soul. More than nineteen hundred years have 
passed since Jesus said : " Go ye," and yet millions 
have never heard the Good News. The great For- 
ward Movement of our church began January 1, 1919. 
Find out what it is, and do your part. Go ye ! Don't 
idly wait! The Lord hath need of thee. Just place 
your hand upon your heart, and say : " Go ye " means 
Phoenixville, Pa. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 3, 1920 


Your Part and Mine 


Brother, sister, are you facing a big issue in life? 
Are you standing on the brink of a large field, fearing 
to advance, lest you come face to face with hidden 
trials and problems? What are you going to do? 

" Consecrate my life, trust the Lord; he will pro- 
vide for all my needs," you say. Truly, he will do his 
part, but what about your part? 

When the children of Israel reached the Jordan, they 
were facing a swollen stream, with no water craft to 
earrv them over. They trusted the Lord, but they had 
to d" still more before the Lord did his part. They 
had to act. They had to step out into the waters be- 
fore the Lord opened the way. So must we step out 
to do our part before the Lord does his part. It is not 
enough to trust — then to fold our hands in submis- 
sion. We must assert ourselves. We must act. 

Chicago, III. ,^. 



The slogan for all American business today is 

If a man lacks efficiency, if he is unwilling to put 
the best of himself into his service for others, he is 
heading for certain failure. 

Efficiency is service raised to its highest power, and 
is the secret of the success of the individual and the 
corporation. Every man who realizes this fact and 
applies it to his business, feels that he has laid hold 
upon something as new as it is invaluable, to him. 

The truth of the matter is that this principle was 
laid down by a Master who scorned not to be the ser- 
vant of all, far down the ages: " If a man desire to 
be first, the same shall be . . . servant of all.' 1 

Many have looked upon these words as visionary 
and impractical, but the test of any principle is the 
service it renders. Surely, in the past nineteen cen- 
turies this one has proved itself indispensable from 
both a moral and a material standpoint. 

What men have made successes of their lives? 
Which are the corporations that have won the greatest 
recognition as being unexcelled in their line? 

They are always those that render the best service 
to their fellow-men. The man who best serves his 
employer is bound to win promotion. The corporation 
rendering services of the highest order, prospers. 

How do we select the hotel at which to board? By 
discovering at which particular one the management 
accords the best service. That hotel is easily first, for 
the simple and sufficient reason that it best serves. 

The present-day advertisements are but paraphrases 
of the advice given to the disciples when a dispute 
arose as to who should be first and greatest. 

A printing establishment says: " Come to us. We 
will guarantee the quickest, most painstaking service 
to be had. We will leave nothing undone to insure you 
complete satisfaction." 

What are they giving the people? The answer is 

What do the people give them in return for service? 
As surely is the answer: " Success." 

The man is easily first who is the best servant. 
Fairfield, Pa. t < 

The Supreme Sacrifice 


Xo greater sacrifice can possibly be made by a 
human being than to lay down one's life for a friend. 
It takes the truest, deepest love to do this. 

Doubtless you have heard much about the supreme 
sacrifice lately. Perhaps you wondered what really 
constitutes such a sacrifice. Many people seem to have 
only a partial understanding, while others have a mis- 
taken idea about this subject. Many are willing to 
risk their lives for the sake of others. These are 
prompted by different motives. Love of fame, love of 
money, love of principle, love of liberty, etc., will impel 
men to face grave dangers, but brethren, remember 

that risking one's life is vastly different from laying 
down one's life. 

Risk involves a chance for escape, while laying 
down one's life involves a premeditated determination 
to endure death. I talked to quite a number of soldiers 
who were in training for the late war. Not one of 
them expected to get killed in service. All expressed 
their desire to do their bit to help win the war. Some 
expressed their desire to kill the Kaiser and his men ; 
others were quite willing to serve in any capacity. I 
believe most of these men would have fought to the 
death and braved serious dangers. Indeed, many did 
this very thing. The courage, manifested in many in- 
stances, was admirable. Yet these men were aiming 
to escape death and injury, if possible, that some glad 
day, when the war was over, they might go home. 

It is not the purpose of this article to prove that no 
soldier in the war made the supreme sacrifice. This 
is beyond my power to tell. But I am convinced that 
everything that is branded to be the supreme sacrifice 
is often far from it. Jesus said that one could not 
possess greater love than he who would lay down his 
life for a friend. 

An acquaintance of mine rescued a woman from 
drowning. He risked his life to do this noble deed, 
and was given a medal for his bravery. It was a great 
risk to run, but he had no intention of drowning him- 
self to accomplish the act. My friend and brother, 
Jesus Christ, the Son of God, stepped into a voluntary 
death, as a substitute for you and me, and every man. 
Nothing has caused me to value this act so highly as 
the fact that he knew, when he admitted that he was 
God's Son, he was giving up his life. 

Some say : " Oh, this had to be just this way." 
Did he not have power and possibility of calling 
legions of angels to his assistance? Did he not say: 
" Father, all things are possible unto thee " ? As far 
as power was concerned, God could have delivered 
him from suffering and from death. But because of 
principle, in that it is impossible for love (God) to lie, 
Jesus voluntarily chose his Father's will and suffered 
the most cruel death, thus proving his love to be the 
greatest possible, and his sacrifice supreme. 

Ovcrbrook, Kans. 

Applied Ethics In Our Colleges 


The president of a denominational college recently 
made the following confession before a convention of 
teachers: "After taking my class through a course 
in Ethics, which I believed had been unusually thor- 
ough and scientific in all its details, I discovered that 
some of them had cheated on the examination. I took 
the matter to heart, as a great evidence of deficiency 
in my teaching. If a subject which has to do with the 
moral actions of individuals, is so weakly presented 
that its most elementary principles are thus violated, I 
had proved my own failure as its teacher." 

While we all admired the true American spirit of 
this man who did not seek to blame conditions upon 
" the system," we felt that he was too severe in his 
self-condemnation. Those deplorable occurrences are 
not confined to any one class of schools or colleges. 
We know that out most efficient teachers — from the 
primary schools through the university — are often 
forced to meet them and we know that they are the 
things which cause the true teacher's heart to ache 
with disappointment and anxiety. We can not say 
that the college is without high ideals, but there seems 
to be a sickening failure to connect with the acts of 
daily life. In theory the student lives on a high plane 
of honor and aspiration. In practice he often fails to 
meet the simplest test of honesty. 

A business man, who always finds himself greatly 
overworked when men are needed for public service 
in any good cause, makes the statement that college 
men can seldom be secured for public service. They 
are too much engrossed in other things. Their educa- 
tion appears to have set them apart from the common 
interests. The older men, and the younger men who 
have never had college opportunities, are left to bear 
almost the entire burden of our great public efforts. 
This is wrong. It is another proof that the idealism 

of the college does not carry over, as it should, into 
real life. 

Perhaps the greatest need of the college is the 
stimulus toward the realization of high ideals. Is 
school-life so lacking, in real incentives and motives 
for right action, that its appeal is not strong enough? 
If so, it must, in some way, be made to connect with 
the life which inspires the man in the office and the 

We have thousands of college boys and girls who 
could scorn the slightest dishonorable action in their 
school-life. In answer to the complaints of our 
friends in the business world, we may say that the col- 
lege graduate often starts out in life with high moral 
ideals, which are wrecked under the pressure of the 
conditions he encounters in business and the practice 
of the professions. One of our teachers regretfully 
followed the career of a medical graduate,- who began 
the practice of his profession with all the enthusiasm 
of the finest type of idealist. But he encountered the 
old, old problem of " making a living." Poverty stared 
him in the face, and he was too talented, too thoroughly 
educated, to be.poor. Friends and patrons said to him : 
" You are a fool to allow traditional notions to stand 
between you and the making of large sums of money." 

The average individual may be able to resist the 
power of such advice for a time, but when it comes to 
him persistently, from large numbers of persons who 
claim to be honest, sincere, and conscientious in their 
relations to life, who claim to be ruled by reason and 
judgment and not by " traditional notions " of right 
and wrong, the strength of resistance wanes and the 
young person loses his grasp upon the ideals with which 
he started. 

The task of the college is to put into its life the 
necessary appeal to the realization of ideals during the 
school period, and to strengthen its students for the 
inevitable conflict which must come when they meet 
the problems of finance and business for themselves. 

On the other hand, the task of the powers of the 
business and professional worlds is to make room for 
the idealist, to seek him out and to let him see that he 
is wanted ; to give him the support which one must 
have to enable him to live with some degree of com- 
fort and satisfaction. Society owes to its college 
graduates an opportunity to make a living wage on the 
basis of clean living and high thinking. The graduate 
owes to Society all the service which his years of cul- 
ture and training have made possible. 

Emporia, Kans. 

. ■* . 

Our Center First 


Not long ago I heard a minister say to his congrega- 
tion : " We can not give to others that which we do 
not have ourselves." 

Christ gives love, joy, peace, pardon and many other 
blessings, which he himself has, and which he has the 
power to impart. He had compassion upon the multi- 
tude and did not send them away empty. 

Can we shed radiance and joy into other hearts if 
we do not possess them ourselves? Can we give con- 
fidence to the timid if we ourselves are afraid? Can 
we give spiritual nourishment if we have not partaken 
of it ourselves ? Can we say to another : " Search the 
Scriptures," if we do not read them daily ourselves? 

A long time ago I committed to memory a little 
verse, and it comes to me now : 

" Wouldst thou go forth to bless 
Be sure of thine own ground, 
Fix well thy center first 
Then draw thy circles round." 

Harrisburg* Pa. 

Some Suggestions for Helping the Women 
of China 

Tlie women of China must be educated. It is often 
said that no nation rises higher than its womanhood. It 
is our work, then, as Christian women, to help China find 
her place among the nations of the world by raising the 
status of her millions of wives and mothers. This does 
not mean that there are no strong Christian characters 
among these women, for there are many of them. There 
are little groups of Christian women scattered all over 
North and South China that are exerting a wonderful in- 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 3, 1920 

fluence over their sisters, and thesa devoted lives — pa- 
tient, enduring and unselfish — can do more toward the 
emancipation of women in this country than any other 

Of course, I have not been in China long enough to 
form accurate conclusions, and, too, my knowledge of 
general conditions is limited. I only write about what 
I see and know. 1 think, however, that the conditions 
we meet around Liao Chou are practically universal. In 
some places, however, the women are taking to Western 
learning even more rapidly than in these interior places. 
As you go among these Chinese women, and see how 
bright and promising some of them are, you can not help 
but pray that God may, in some way, use you to bring 
light to them, but if you are used of him, it will take 
work, patience, and sympathy on your part. 

Some of the women want to learn and some of them 
do not. Some of them realize that their condition could 
and should be changed; others are absolutely indifferent. 
They are happy and content, the way things go with 
them. They seem to think that what they have and know, 
is good enough. Their friend, the foreign woman, is ever 
ready and willing to help them. To her their home con- 
ditions seem anything but pleasant. 

The first thing to be done, if these women are to be 
helped, is to create in them a desire to know. If they 
are not hungry for better things, how can they taste the 
riches of the fullness of Christ? The old saying: "You 
can lead a horse to water but you can't make him drink" 
is truly applicable here. You can lead the people to the 
fountains of truth but it is impossible to make them re- 
ceive it unless they want it, no matter how deep you 
thrust them in. But they are changing. The women of 
China are waking up to their potentialities and the num- 
ber who are really wanting help is gradually growing 
larger. In a great many homes, where there are five or 
six women you will find one or two who want to be 

Of course, we are here to teach them about God, the 
Father, Jesus, the Savior, the Holy Spirit, faith, prayer, 
etc., but they understand all this better if we, at the same 
time, teach them how to live. We have to be careful and 
not merely tell them, " You be good now, work, and go 
out and tell others about this wonderful doctrine you have 
heard." It is one thing to tell them to do this and quite 
another for them to do it. If we tell them that this is 
going to change their lives, their homes, their children, 
it is up to us to help God work this transformation. He 
can, but he won't do it all, and they can't do it of them- 

The thing that these women and girls need most of all 
is a genuine Christian friendship— a friendship that is pa- 
tient and sympathetic, kind and loving. When such a 
friendship comes to them, it has a wonderful power to 
change. It is not a difficult thing to love them either. 
Here is a picture of some. How about it? Wouldn't you 
like to cultivate their friendship? 

In Peking I met a young Christian girl whom I shall 
never forget. At the first glance you saw rosy cheeks 
and lips, pearly teeth, and large eyes. The loose-fitting 
garment, common to the Chinese, was worn, with high 
neck and long sleeves, the one essential feature of a Chi- 
nese woman's dress. It was made of cream-colored silk, 
embroidered with pale blue violets. It was simple, but a 
more artistic dress I have never seen. A single white 
flower, in masses of black hair, was her only ornament. 
She apparently was unconscious of what she had on. Her 
graceful bearing, her interest in the conversation, her 
kind regard for every one attracted all who siw iftr. 
Could you love her? " Oh, yes," you say. That, of cour»e, 
is an exception, but in our Girl's School at Liao I re- 
member another girl. She wears an ordinary blue cotton 
garment and yet she has a very attractive face. She is a 
very lovable character too, and is truly worthy of your 
friendship. There are plenty of others just like her. A 
faithful friend does a lot toward beautifying their lives. 

It has been said by a Chinese woman that a Chinese 
woman's worst enemy is herself. Whether this be true 
or not, I do not know. I take it, however, that one of 
their own can form truer conclusions about her own peo- 
ple than we can. If there is any agency that can help the 
Chinese woman to understand herself and appreciate her- 
self to such an extent that she realizes that her condition 
must be changed, then that agency will be her salvation. 
Her attitude of mind toward herself must be changed. If 
she constantly feels that she is a something, to be sold 
to the man who will give the most money, whether he 
is good or bad, and that she is a sort of machine, to work 
and slave, and to grind out some kind of a miserable ex- 
istence, of course she won't try to help herself. But just 
as soon as she feels that her life is really worth something 
to her husband, home and children and China, then is the 
time that she needs help. When she realizes that to bind 
a foot does violence to the body that God gave her, and 
that concubinage Is a violation of God's plan for man 
and woman, then it is that she must be helped. Thank 
God, this time is rapidly approaching. 

Just now some of the women are very anxious to learn 
to read, and it is certainly a promising sign. Men of au- 
thority say that it is impossible to build up a church 

when most of the people are illiterate. It has proved a 
failure. Could a strong church be built up where the 
women are illiterate? Is woman's place In the church so 
unimportant as all that? A woman cannot fill her place 
in the church when she can not read, neither can the 
church grow to its strongest, her place being unfilled. 
These women must be able to read the Bible and have 
some understanding of what they read, and in a measure, 
at least, be able to interpret the manifestation of God in 
life and nature. This all comes and grows little by little, 
day by day, as she earnestly pores over her lessons. When 
a woman asks to be taught to read, it might be considered 
the first step in her realization of the "better life." 

It is most interesting to watch the development of these 
women. When they begin to read, by and by their ap- 
pearance changes — so little at first that one who is not 
constantly with them would never know it. They take 
more pride in their personal appearance. Dust and cob- 
webs begin to disappear from their homes. Pictures be- 
gin to appear on their walls. It is most often a Sunday- 
school card or an old calendar that you have discarded, 
but to the heart that has long starved for the beautiful, 
it means perhaps what the rarest specimen of art would 
mean to you. It may be a vase of flowers or a brightly- 
colored motto from the Bible — all these are but evidences 
that her heart is longing for something better. 

There are some things about the rearing of children 
that the mothers of China need to know. We mothers, 
who have opportunities for knowing pedagogy, child psy- 
chology, etc., are sometimes put to our wits' end to know 
how to deal tactfully with our children. Of these women 
what could you expect? The average Chinese child is 
spoiled. He is humored, petted, carried around by his 
good grandmother, and is given everything he ever hints 
at wanting, provided it isn't the moon. But as these wom- 
en know and govern themselves, it is easier to manage 
their children. I know of a young woman who is feed- 
ing her baby on a three-hour schedule — a very unusual 
thing. He lies on his brick bed and plays and kicks while 
his mother reads. This is the way she started him out 
and I think she is still following this schedule. This was 
in a Christian home, however, and the youngster was for- 
tunate enough not to have his grandmother to carry him. 
No offense to you, grandmothers, this was a Chinese 
grandmother. I know of a woman who has asked the for- 
eigners for soap, wash basin, etc., for her baby. She did 
not ask that these be given to her, but she brought money 
to pay for them. What will this mean to the child, and 
what will it mean to her less enlightened sisters? 

Cleanliness, too, is an important lesson for the women 
of China. Sometimes— quite often too— to say the least- 
things arc unpleasantly dirty. If people can be taught 
this one thing alone, it will take them a long way toward 
beauty and health, and not far from godliness. They ap- 
preciate cleanliness, but they do not know how to be 
clean. (Some of them are too poor to buy water and 
soap.) But those who could afford to be clean are not al- 
ways so. Of course they think the foreigner lives in 

The story is told of a poor woman who had been ad- 
mitted into a large mission hospital. She was being in- 
structed by the Chinese pastor in Christian doctrine and 
was told of heaven, where everything is beautiful, and 
where she would be happy. " Why," she said, " should I 
want to go to heaven? It can't be finer than this; I am 
perfectly happy in this beautiful place and don't want to 
die and dwell in heaven." The author says: " Poor wom- 
an, after a life-time struggle with dirt and confusion, her 
martyrized woman's instinct for order and cleanliness 
had at last found satisfaction." 

The Chinese home is poorly ventilated. I realized it 
more than ever today when I went into some homes with 
Sister Hutchison, to see some young brides. It will 
help them greatly to know that pure, fresh air will do a 
lot toward making a sick person well, and more to keep 
a well person from being sick. 

Among a great many of the women I think a few sim- 
ple lessons in sewing and cooking would be very valu- 
able. If a woman can sew nicely she can do much to- 
ward helping herself. Many of the younger women can 
not cut out their own garments. The native foods, if 
prepared in a palatable way and thoroughly cooked, are 
very digestible. This one thing alone would save the 
lives of many of the little children who die before they 
reach the age of ten years. These things are being taught 
very successfully in our Girls' Schools and most of them 
are eager to learn to cook and sew. And why should 
they not learn the value of the bath, clean teeth and nails, 
and clean, neatly-made clothes? It is only helping them 
to become better wives, mothers and home-builders, for 
such is the destiny of most Chinese girls. We do not 
need to make them want foreign clothes and food, or a 
bed with springs and mattress, but we want to help them 
raise the Chinese standard of life. 

These women are here, and whenever we will, we can 
do them good. The little things must not be too small 
for us to do. Did you ever do a little thing that turned 
out to be the biggest thing you ever did? It will, per- 
haps, be the little deeds of love and helpfulness and the 

true, faithful friendship that will win the women of 

To any of you mothers, who may be planning to send 
your daughter to China, I would say: Of course she 
must study the Bible, but at the same time she must 
know how to help these women to live. Her knowledge 
of Domestic Science, Home Economics, Sanitation, Home 
Decoration, Physiology, Hygiene, Biology, etc., will serve 
her well, and will help her to bring to these women the 
fullest measure of happiness and comfort and will be no 
mean factor in developing in them the highest type of 
Christian character. Mothers, help your daughters to 
get this kind of an education! 
Peking, China. 


Suggestions for the. Weekly Devotional Meeting Or lor 
Prayerful, Private Meditation 

Winning Men — the Christian's Great Privi- 

Ezek. 33: 1-9; 2 Cor. 5: 20 
For Week Beginning January 11, 1920 

1. Introductory. — Each of the two important texts be- 
fore us is full of suggestion in reference to the winning 
of men for Christ and his Kingdom, The first citation — 
the one from Ezekiel — no one can read without the deep- 
est feeling. It places such a terrible responsibility upon 
the watchman, for the blood of those whom he fails to 
warn is required at his hands. High walls are no defense 
to a city if the watchmen are asleep. Walls and gates 
are a protection, but the guards must neither slumber 
nor sleep. 

2. Every Christian Must Be on Guard. — God has given 
him his equipment and the place where he is to serve un- 
til recalled from service or assigned to other duties. If 
danger appears, he must give .warning, so that the people 
of the city may not bejaken unawares. They know they 
are held responsible for threatening danger. Ezekiel ev- 
idently believed in a sort of preparedness which every 
child of God should make his own. Each one of us is a 
watchman, not for his own soul merely, but for the souls 
of others. If men are in danger of eternal death — as the 
Scriptures tell us they are — then the Christian watchman 
has but one duty to perform— to warn souls of their peril 
and lead them to safety. 

3. Our Responsibility If Souls " Die in Their Iniquity." 
— Obviously we must put the trumpet to our lips and warn 
the dilatory ones of their danger. Sometimes this may 
be a delicate matter with those nearest and dearest. We 
are loath to mention the matter to them. But perhaps we 
would be more ready to sound the warning if we our- 
selves had been living a little more in touch with him 
who expects us to be coworkers with him. The duty, at 
all events, is one that calls for serious consideration on 
the part of every Christian. To ignore it does not re- 
move the responsibility, neither does it take away the 
fact of the individual's accountability. (Here also note 
our second reference, 2 Cor. 5: 20.) 

4. The Simple and Efficient Method of the Early Dis- 
ciples. — A striking sidelight on our topic is found in John 
1: 42. It tells us how some of the early disciples set to 
work to bring men to Christ. The entire paragraph from 
John 1: 35-43 should be read— the whole chapter, indeed, 
is illuminating. It was not difficult for those Spirit-filled 
disciples to find men who were not believers. Jesus was 
just beginning his work. To all except John the Baptist 
he was a new prophet. The first two disciples followed 
Jesus because of the testimony of the Baptist (verse 
37). One of these first two was Andrew. As soon as 
Jesus had held a short conversation with him, Andrew 
immediately turned evangelist and went out to hunt up 
his brother, Simon Peter, and brought him to Christ. 

5. The Importance of Andrew's Endeavors at Soul Win- 
ning.— The conversion of Peter was one ol the strategic 
events in the early church. He was an instrument in 
God's hand for a mighty work, and if Andrew had never 
done anything else for the Master, that one conversion, 
and the suggestive method by which it was brought about, 
should entitle him to a high place among those who are 
"clothed in white." Well may we follow Andrew's ex- 
ample. He set a pace, established a precedent, and gave 
the church a practical method. No better plan has ever 
been devised. Choose the nearest one who is out of 
Christ and seek to win him. The harvest is "white" for 
all of us, if we will only " lift up our eyes." 

. 6. Suggestive References.— The Christian's marching 
orders (Matt. 28: 19, 20). Lift up your eyes and look on 
the fields (John 4: 35-38). A readiness to go at the Lord's 
bidding (Isa. 6: S). We should pray for more laborers in 
the great harvest field of the world (Luke 10: 2). How 
can people be made to hear without a message-bearer 
(Rom. 10: 14, 15)? Paul's blessed example (1 Thess. 2: 
3-12). Paul's advice to Timothy (2 Tim. 1: 6, 7, 8, 13, 14). 
The approved worker (2 Tim. 2: 15). 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 3, 1920 


Sunday-school Lesson, Peter Preaches at Pentecost— 

Acts 2. 
Christian Workers' Meeting, Theme for January— The 

Special Forward Movement — Its Second Year. 

Two were baptized in the South Ottumwa church, Iowa. 
One was baptized recently in the Pine Grove church, 

One was baptized recently in the First Church, Phila- 

Four were baptized recently in the Oakland congrega- 
tion, Ohio. 

One was reclaimed recently in the Pleasant View 
church, \V. Va. 

Six confessed Christ in the Flora church, Ind.,— Bro. I. 
R. Beery, pastor in charge. 

Five accepted Christ in the Adrian church. Mo., — Bro. 
E. F. Sherfy, of Conway, Kans., evangelist. 

Four accepted Christ in the Lake View church, Mich., 
— Bro. G. Nevinger, of Hart, same State, evangelist. 

Thirty-eight confessed Christ in the Raisin City church, 
Calif., — Bro. J. Edwin Jarboe, of Chicago, evangelist. 

Forty-eight were baptized in the Altoona church, Pa,, — 
Bro. Geo. W. Flory, of Covington, Ohio, evangelist. 

One accepted Christ in the Panther Creek church, Iowa, 
— Bro. M. W. Emmert, of Mt. Morris, 111., evangelist. 

Two accepted Christ in the Trinity church, Troutville 
congregation, Va., — Bro. W. M. Kahle, pastor, in charge. 
Four accepted Christ in the Maple Grove church, Ind., 
— Bro. J. W. Norris, of Huntington, same State, evan- 

Three confessed Christ in the East Fairview church, 
Pa.. — Bro. H. B. Yoder, of Lancaster, same State, evan- 

Three were baptized at the Mountville house, Mount- 
ville congregation, Pa.,— Bro. Amos Kuhns, of Union De- 
posit, same State, evangelist. 

Eighteen confessed Christ, eleven of whom were bap- 
tized in the Mt. Etna church, Iowa, — Bro. J. F. Swallow, 
of Seavey, Minn., evangelist. 

Forty-four confessed Christ, forty of whom were bap- 
tized in the Richland Valley church, Wash.,— Bro. J. Ed- 
win Jarboe, of Chicago, evangelist. 

Three were baptized in the East Berlin house. Upper 
Conewago congregation, Pa.,— Bro. Rufus Bucher, of 
Quarryville, same State, evangelist. 

Thirteen accepted Christ, eight of whom have been bap- 
tized at the Bear Run schoolhouse, near Connellsville, 
Pa.,— Bro. Irwin R. Pletcher, of Jones Mills, same State, 

Eight were added to the Pleasant Valley congregation, 
Ind.,— Bro. R. H. Nicodemus, of Chicago, evangelist at 
the Jordan house; Bro. Wm. J. Bucklev, of East Dayton 
Ohio, evangelist at the Pleasant Valley house. 


Bro W. G. Group, of Berlin, Pa., to begin Jan. 10 in 
the Akron church, same State. 

Bro. J. Edwin Jarboe, of Chicago, is engaged in a re- 
vival in the McFarland church, Calif. 

Southern Virginia is to be represented on the Standing 
Committee of the 1920 Conference by Eld. J. W. Barn- 

Bro. L. A. Walker, of Mount Etna, Iowa, is in position 
to give some of his time during the coming year to the 
holdmg of evangelistic services. He prefers to work 
among the weaker churches or in new 6elds where there 
is real need of help. 

The Sunday School Editor spent several days last week 
«n Institute work with the brethren of Southern Ohio, at 
Dayton, stoppmg off over Sunday at South Bend Ind 
on his return The coming week he is to give a series of 
lectures at the Mount Morris Institute. 

Bro. Jesse Gross, of Nocona, Texas, at present a stu- 
dent ,n Bethany Bible School, made his first visit to the 
Publ.shmg House on Monday of last week, and expressed 
h.mself as h lg hl y pleased with the evidences of activity 
which he found on every hand. 

Bro. John W. Barwick, a graduate of Mount Morris 
College and now a student in Bethany Bible School ex- 
pects to close his school-work temporarily about the mid- 
dle of March, and from that time until Oct 1 will be 
ava.lable for pastoral, evangelistic or Bible Institute work 
Bro. has already had some pastoral experience 
Churches mterested should address him as early as pos- 
sible, at 3435 Van Buren Street, Chicago 

The Mission Rooms would like to learn the address of 
Sister Magdalen Brnbaker, as they have a special commu- 
nication that they would like to direct to her. 

As this issue goes to press, the Office Editor, in com- 
pany with the Mission Board Secretaries, is about ready 
to start to the Student Volunteer Convention at Des 
Moines, where he hopes to gather some fresh inspiration 
for his work. 

Bro. Roger D. Winger, of Chicago, has been putting in 
most of his holiday vacation in research work at the Pub- 
lishing House. He is writing a thesis in connection with 
his university course and finds some of his material in the 
files of our church publications. 

Bro. J. Edwin Jarboe and wife would like to hear at 
once from the churches to whom they have promised as- 
sistance in evangelistic work for the summer and fall of 
1920. Unavoidable complications necessitate a new ar- 
rangement of dates, and they now desire each church, 
expecting their services, to indicate its preference, as to 
date of its contemplated revival. Bro. Jarboe may be ad- 
dressed at McFarland, Calif., for the present 

Bro. S. Z. Sharp, of Fruita, Colo., in sending several 
articles for the " Contributors' Forum," appends this 
note: " I have just passed my eighty-fourth mile-stone — 
the sixtieth as a member of the church, the fifty-eighth 
as a minister, and the fifty-second as an elder. My phys- 
ical powers are, for the most part, well preserved. I never 
saw the day when I could not write my letters and read 
the 'Messenger' without glasses, I have much for which 
to thank the Lord. I still do my share in preaching and 
in Sunday-school work." 

On page 14 we publish the program of Institute Week, 

Bridgewater College, Va., to be held Jan. 11-17. 
Daleville College, Va., makes an announcement of its 

Special Bible Session on page 14. The sessions are to be 

held Jan. 5-9, inclusive. 


A Virginia congregation has been holding cottage pray- 
er meetings at three different points in the community, 
each week, and finds the plan a very satisfactory one. It 
gives every one an opportunity to attend the meeting 
without having to go very far. 

One of the eastern churches has placed a neat shelf 
within easy reach of the door that opens into the audience 
room. This shelf is well supplied with tracts, and the peo- 
ple are urged to help themselves to whatever they may 
want. The plan is simple but very practical, and might 
readily be put into operation in other churches. 

In order to prevent delay in the mailing of the " Mes- 
senger," during the holiday season, we have been obliged 
to go to press about a day earlier with the last number 
and also with this one. This will explain why some mat- 
ter, intended for early insertion, was unavoidably crowded 
out. All this, however, will appear at the first opportunity. 

The members of the Nickerson church, Kans., have ar- 
ranged to build a modern, well-equipped brick church ed- 
ifice. At latest reports the members had pledged $20,000 
for the structure, and $10,000 more is to be raised in the 
community. Considering the intrinsic value of a wide- 
awake church organization to the community at large, the 
allotment thus assigned is not unreasonable, and should 
be raised without difficulty. 

The Interchurch World Movement is now working out 
the details for a series of State Conferences of ministers, 
to be held between Jan. 26 and March 6, 1920. At these 
conferences, which will cover every State in the Union, 
the results of the World Survey Conference in Atlantic 
City, Jan. 7-10, will be presented. The Ministers' Confer- 
ences are to be followed by County and Township Con- 
ferences, until the whole nation is awake to the needs of 
the day. 

One of the churches in the Middle West is taking steps 
by which a greater degree of sociability and genuine fel- 
lowship is to be cultivated among the members in gen- 
eral. Especial attention is to be given to those who, for 
various reasons, can not get out to church very much. 
This plan, of course, involves more visiting than is gen- 
erally done, but we are quite confident that the best of 
results will attend a spontaneous movement of that sort. 
In all too many churches, members do not mingle enough 
in Christian fellowship, and as a result there fails to be 
that degree of unanimity that is absolutely essential to 
the highest congregational efficiency. 

One of our dear brethren expresses his dissatisfaction 
with the present price of the " Messenger," and threatens 
to discontinue his subscription unless the current rate of 
$2 per year, is reduced to the old price of $1.50. In this 
connection it is but fair to state that the price of print 
paper 1S now nearly four times what it was several years 
ago, and prices on printers' ink, as well as rates of Wages 
in general, have greatly increased. Doubtless the brother 
above alluded to is receiving largely-augmented prices 
for the stock and grain he sells, so that, in a spirit of fair- 
ness, he should not object to paying the very slight in- 
crease in the price of the "Messenger." We are facing 
unusual conditions today, which are not mere theories 

but facts that have to be met and disposed of as best we 
can. Most of our exchanges are charging an even higher 
subscription rate, despite large revenues from paid ad- 
vertisements — a source of income not available for the 
" Messenger," 

While our Aid Societies everywhere are doing a great- 
ly-appreciated work, we were especially attracted by the 
report of the church correspondent of the Flora church,' 
Ind., which contains these significant words: "We have a 
very busy Aid Society. Its members have bought and 
are making payments on a parsonage. Besides, they are 
caring for the poor and answering the different calls for 
help." This, surely, is a degree of zeal well worthy of 

"Getting better every week,* 1 a recent correspondent 
has been kind enough to Say of the " Messenger." This 
is as we would like to have it, but we think these words 
should not be interpreted too literally. There are weeks, 
now and then, in which the standard falls below that of 
previous issues, but a general trend upward is what we 
are striving for, and when our readers say they can dis- 
cover such a tendency we are both glad and grateful. The 
"Messenger" itself must not forget that these are the 
days of the Forward Movement. 

A brother, who recently called at the editorial rooms, 
feels deeply impressed with the fact that a great deal of 
so-called " Gospel literature," often Unwittingly bought by 
our members, proves to be nothing hut shrewdly-arranged 
propaganda for a certain church, whose teachings an the 
Sabbath question mtr people can not endorse. The dis- 
tributors of this literature are experts along the line of 
attracting unwary purchasers, deceiving, as it were, " the 
very elect" Our people may well exercise a little care in 
purchasing books from itinerant venders, lest they secure 
literature productive of wholly misleading tendencies. 

The Bible Institute of Elizabethtown College is sched- 
uled to open with a sermon by Eld. Albert Hollinger on 
Thursday evening, Jan. 8, and to continue throughout the 
succeeding week, closing on Thursday evening, Jan. 15. 
The program reached us too late to be given in full, but 
we note that it is a strong one, to be participated in by 
the following-named instructors: E. B. Hoff, Jesse B. 
Emmert, Elsie Shickel, Lydia E. Taylor, H. K. Ober, J. 
G. Meyer, R. W. Schlosser, George Weaver, A. B. Van 
Ormer, R. P. Bucher, I. W. Taylor, G. D. Badorf and S. 
H. Hertzler. Some of these are to give daily instruction, 
while others are booked for a single sermon or address. 
We are sure that a feast of good things will be enjoyed 
by all who can arrange to attend. 

The Secret of Discipleship.— The Bystander has often 
wondered whether the Christian people of today have 
given themselves— all that they are and hope to be— in 
the test that determines our relationship to the Master. 
Though the crucifying of self did hurt, though the blood 
flowed, though the pierced flesh shrank, have we yielded 
ourselves utterly to our rightful Lord? Genuine- hap- 
piness follows faithful obedience to the will of Christ- 
loyal discipleship— and all the world knows us as light- 
bearers. Is this a testimony that you can afford to neg- 

Trials and Triumphs,— Many of us, amid the trials of 
life are almost ready to give up in despair, though Christ 
himself has promised his gracious assistance. Henry 
Ward Beecher o.ffers this thought: "An unhelped cross 
is the heaviest thing a man ever carried, but a Christ- 
touched cross is the lightest thing a man ever carried." 
The trouble often is that we persistently refuse to let 
him help us. There is a tract called "Hannah's Faith," 
that tells of a poor woman with many sorrows and afflic- 
tions, who was amazingly cheerful under them all. " You 
must take your troubles to the Lord," a visitor said to 
her one day. "I do more than that," answered Hannah; 
"I LEAVE THEM THERE." Most of us persist in 
carrying our troubles away again. 

A Christmas Echo. — One would hardly expect to find 
much of the finer sentiment in the busy marts of trade, 
but there is much that is really worth while in the "Christ- 
mas Message," carried by the "ticker" to New York and 
Chicago stock and grain brokers: "This evening, when 
we have taken a last look at the ticker, when the contest- 
ants of the pit have grasped each other's hand, when our 
thoughts turn from the battle of quotations, we should 
still keep in mind one particular security — one for which 
there should be a great demand. It is called 'happiness.' 
There is in this no 'preferred' or 'gilt-edged bonds' — 
just plain, every-day, common happiness. It is the very 
best security in the world. It is so cheap that you can 
have it for the asking. You need but reach out and take 
what you want of it. But — paradoxical as it may seem — 
it is so valuable that no amount of money can buy it. Let 
us forget, for a day, fluctuating values, financial problems, 
the world's grievous troubles. Let us draw on our im- 
agination for a moment, and think how much of sadness 
and distress there is in other parts of the world, and let 
us truly realize how much reason we have to be happy." 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGEK— January 3, 1920 


Palestine to Shelter Persecuted Jews 
According to latest announcements the Zionist organ- 
ization of America will make the Holy Land a haven of 
refuge for the maligned and harassed Jews from Russia, 
Poland, Galicia, Roumania and other " pogrom-ridden 
countries." Large tracts in Palestine are available, and 
the plans provide for the conservation and development 
of water power, the installation of adequate drainage and 
sanitation systems 1ft cities and towns, irrigation, affor- 
estation, development of natural resources and of indus- 
trial activities. The organization has been given every 
assurance by the allied council that its hearty cooperation 
and enCOuragerrtclit Will be given to the prospective plans, 

well as for ourselves. The American people must awaken 
to the tremendous realities of their situation. "Am I my 
brother's keeper?" was said by one of old, when he 
sought to evade just responsibility. To the people of this 
favored land — blessed more richly than any other nation 
— the question comes with even greater significance. 
Greater enlightenment is ours, and consequently more is 
expected of us. Are we equal to the task? 

Is It Worth While? 
According to the annual report of Internal Revenue 
Comhiissioner Roper, the aggregate receipts from taxes 
on tobacco amounted tb $206,003,000 for the year encfing 
June 30, 1919. This is an increase of $48,000,000 over the 
preceding year. Cigarettes are shown to be, in total num- 
ber, approximately eight times more numerous than in 
1910. While any phenomenally large increase of manufac- 
tured goods is usually encouraging to all concerned, we 
confess to an utter inability of becoming enthusiastic over 
the largely augmented extent of the tobacco business. 
When the money of the nation is lavishly spent for an 
article that is acknowledged to be injurious even by its 
promoters, it is high time to do some serious thinking. 

Control of Bible Lands Decided 
Lebanon, Beirut, Tripoli, and Alexandretta have now 
been assigned by the allied powers to the Republic of 
France — Gen. H. J. E. Gouraud, High Commissioner of 
Syria, being in charge of these newly-acquired depend- 
encies. The British military posts in the Marash, Aintab, 
Urfah, and Jebablus areas, formerly under Turkish ad- 
ministration, have also been handed over to the French. 
Damascus, Hums, Hamah, and Aleppo have been placed 
under the control of the Arabs under Prince Feisal, son 
of the King of the Hedjaz. All British troops have been 
withdrawn from Syria. The new alignment will, it is 
hoped by the allied powers, avoid possible friction be- 
tween the various competing nations, and thus insure 


A Case of " Nerves " 
If you have been wondering just what is the matter 
with the nation in general, because of its great unrest, the 
American College of Surgeons will enlighten you on the 
matter. They have diagnosed the trouble as a bad case 
of "nerve shock" — an inevitable reaction from war ex- 
citements. In consequence, everybody has cut loose from 
temporary restraints. We have strikes without number. 
Nine thousand people attended one public dance in Chi- 
cago recently. One is really made to wonder what has 
become of the religious convictions, held by many just 
before the war. Seemingly, under the storm and stress of 
war conditions, the enemy of souls has edged his way 
into men's hearts, and as a result we have some deplor- 
able conditions. 

The Empty Cars 
"Capper's Weekly" assures us that while eighty mil- 
lion dollars of Kansas wheat was rotting in the open, be- 
cause cars could not be had in which to ship it, three 
thousand empty cars were kept standing for days, near 
bonded warehouses in Kentucky, in order that 36,000,000 
gallons of whiskey might be shipped out as soon as the 
Supreme Court would hold wartime prohibition to be un- 
constitutional. Now, since, according to present pros- 
pects, the cars t will not immediately be needed for ship- 
ments of liquor, perhaps we can hope that at least a few 
of them may be devoted to the shipment of wheat, which 
for four months has baen awaiting shipment. While our 
nation is, as a rule, possessed of plenty of good common 
sense, we do some very foolish things at times. 

Europe's Starving Millions 
As we ponder Herbert Hoover's formal statement on 
food conditionsjn Central Europe, we are impressed anew 
with the seriousness of existing conditions. To be told 
that from fifteen to twenty million people are facing 
starvation, is not a pleasant thought at this time, when 
the aftermath of holiday cheer is still lingering among us. 
Americans ha-ve been accused of being prodigal in ex-- 
penditures, and of late there has been considerable criti- 
cism of those who are shirking on productive work, but 
what of our responsibility when we think of the fate of 
this great multitude of our European fellow-beings who, 
from the ghastly brink of want and starvation, stretch out 
their hands to well-fed, fortunate America? If, even, we 
could ignore the moral appeal of this astounding human 
catastrophe, we can not evade its consequences otherwise. 
Occidental civilization can not afford that the white peo- 
ple of Christendom shall be depleted in this degree. Eu- 
rope needs our products, and in order to supply the need 
of its starving ones, we must produce enough for them as 

Deportation of " Red " Agitators 
Our Government has, perhaps, been all too slow and 
tolerant with the anarchistic element, known as "Reds," 
but Dec. 21 "forbearance ceased to be a virtue," for on 
that day 249 of the loud-mouthed agitators found them- 
selves on the United States transport " Buford," en route 
to the land of their nativity. Though these opponents of 
duly-constituted law and order profess to be in hearty 
accord with the lawless " soviet rule " of Russia's revo- 
lutionists, which they had hoped to establish in this coun- 
try, they were in no wise delighted to take their departure. 
In fact, their extreme reluctance would seem to indicate 
that ours is, indeed, a favored land of opportunity and 
privilege. Just what their reception and ultimate expe- 
rience in Soviet Russia may be, only the future will reveal. 
Altogether likely, their worst forebodings will be realized. 

not only ruled out all Christian missionaries from the 
territory, but also substantially aided in the establish- 
ment, at Khartum, of the greatest Mohammedan institu- 
tion in the world. It is said that Great Britain holds 
sway over more Mohammedans than any other nation. 
While it is urged that, by their favorable attitude towards 
Islam, they avoid revolt, it is also true that their obstruc- 
tion of Christian missions prevents enlightenment, and 
makes all control more difficult. 

China's Illiteracy as a Foe of Safety 
Chinese officials, in their endeavor to curb the plague 
epidemic by the posting of proclamations in the infected 
districts, were unpleasantly reminded of the ineffective- 
ness of this expedient, because so many of the people are 
unable to read. This overwhelming proof, that illiteracy 
is an absolute barrier to safety and progress, so forcibly 
impressed the governor of Shansi, that he promptly made 
comprehensive efforts to solve the problem. School at- 
tendance is hereafter to be compulsory, and in order to 
provide needed facilities, all the temple property in the 
city of Sinchow is to be devoted to school purposes. The 
significance of this, from a religious standpoint, is obvious. 
To do away with illiteracy at the expense of temple wor- 
ship, means a wonderful gain for the forces of righteous- 
ness. It affords an opportunity to reach the people by 
means of Gospel literature, now readily brought within 
reach of their newly-acquired knowledge. 

India to Have Self -Government in Part 
Dec. 23 King George, of Great Britain, issued a proc- 
lamation, announcing the new measure, giving India a 
larger degree of self-government. The proclamation 
characterizes the Government bill as an historic act, giv- 
ing the representation long desired by the natives. This 
move is a most admirable one, conciliating the clamorous 
agitators for a wholly autonomous India, on the one hand, 
and still retaining the stabilizing influence of British dom- 
inance, in a general way. The proclamation calls for the 
determination of the people and the officials, to work to- 
gether for the common purpose of making the new plan 
of government a success. Leading features of the im- 
portant document are seen in the following,: "Another 
epoch is reached today in the annals of India. I give 
royal assent to the act, which takes its place among the 
great historic measures, passed by the parliament of this 
realm for the better government of India and the greater 
contentment of her people. The act, which has now be- 
come a law, entrusts elected representatives of the peo- ' 
pie with a definite share in the government, and points 
the way to a fully responsible government hereafter. If, 
as I confidently hope, the policy which this act inaug- 
urates should achieve its purpose, the results will be mo- 
mentous in the story of human progress." 

The Unalterable Law 
Japan is greatly worried, at the present time, over the 
possibility of Great Britain's refusal to renew the Anglo- 
Japanese agreement, which expires in 1921. If this treaty 
is not signed, it will leave Japan completely alone in the 
world, with every country in the Far East hating it and 
not without reason. The unalterable law of sowing and 
reaping holds good in regard to nations as well as in- 
dividuals. If self-interest is allowed to prevail, regardless 
of aught else, there are bound to be unpleasant conse- 
quences. Taking advantage of conditions, incident to the 
recent war, Japan made use of every opportunity to add 
to her power, regardless of aught else. Her aggressive 
tactics, in regard to the ultimate control of China, has un- 
doubtedly estranged Great Britain, so that there is little 
likelihood that the agreement, alluded to above, will be 


Negroes May Migrate to Mexico 
There is, just now, quite a tendency, on the part of 
negroes in the United States, to participate in an emigra- 
tion movement to Mexico. These negroes feel that they 
have not been accorded their just political and civil rights 
in the United States, and they are just a little doubtful 
as to improvements in the future. Before the return of 
the colored soldiers from the battle-fields of Europe, there 
was a good deal of talk to the effect that the negroes in 
this country would be given fairer treatment, and that 
the doors of opportunity would be opened more widely 
for them than ever before. This hope of our colored fel- 
low-citizens not having materialized, It is not surprising 
that they should be looking about for a more favorable 
place of residence. Mexico offers many inducements to 
the negroes — the climate is most desirable, and a fair deal 
is assured them. Such an exodus of the colored people, 
however, is certain to be deeply resented by the employers 
of labor in the South. 

Policy or Principle — Which? 
For some years, workers on the various mission fields 
have been greatly hampered in their activities by the open 
and undisguised favoritism, shown by the British author- 
ities to adherents of Mohammedanism. At times this has 
assumed the character of outspoken opposition to Chris- 
tian missions — and all this because Mohammedans hap- 
pened to be most numerous in a certain community, and 
" it would not do to antagonize them." Only recently all 
copies of Samuel L. Zwemer's excellent work, " Islam, a 
Challenge to the Faith," were confiscated by order of the 
Governor of Bengal. So all-inclusive and thorough-going 
was the proscription that it even decreed the destruction 
of all literature containing extracts from the book in 
question, or endorsements of the same — and why? Sim- 
ply for the reason that " Islam, a Challenge to the Faith," 
contained statements that were likely to wound the re- 
ligious feelings of the Moslems. A wondrously tender 
solicitude, forsooth, for the preferences of Islam's adher- 
ents. We had always been told that Great Britain's con- 
ciliatory policy enabled her to handle her various depend- 
encies with comparatively slight trouble, but we never 
thought that it would reach the extreme above indicated. 
"The Christian Observer" points to another case, in il- 
lustration of the issue in question. When strong endeav- 
ors were being made, to perpetuate the great work of 
" Chinese Gordon " in Khartum, by the founding of a 
great Christian university in his memory, Great Britain 

The Cost of the League 
Experts have made an estimate of the operating cost 
of the League of Nations, as now planned. During the 
first year after its ratification, 170 tribunals and commis- 
sions, actually named and created by the League, would 
have to be provided for. Their functions are described 
and their expenses will have to be met. Salaries, travel 
cost, rentals, printing and other incidentals will have to 
be given attention. All in all — so say the experts — the 
League will impose a financial burden, on the nations 
composing it, of more than a billion dollars during the 
first twelve months of its existence. The L'nited States 
being the nation of greatest wealth, naturally the major 
part of the vast outlay will have to be assumed by us. 
But if the League of Nations will eventually accomplish 
all that is claimed for it — doing away with all wars — the 
price is insignificant. The end to be attained is all-im- 
portant; the expense of bringing it about can not be re- 
garded as a bar to its permanent operation. 

They Gave What They Had 
We all remember the widow who — when those with 
property and money were giving out of their abundance 
to the temple treasury — brought also her gift. It was not 
large, as compared with the rest of the contributions, but 
it was valued by the Christ — who knows the secrets of 
men's hearts— as greater than all the rest. Such a scene 
was reenactcd in Marash recently. The givers — many of 
them widows— gave not of their plenty hut from the direst 
poverty, in response to the appeal of Dr. James L. Bar- 
ton, chairman of the Near East Relief, who started an in- 
dustrial loan fund for the benefit of the suffering people 
of Armenia. By means of this fund, money is lent to 
refugees who have lost everything during the terrible per- 
secutions of the Turks. For each dollar contributed by 
the Armenians, a like amount is given by the British, and 
also by the Committee for Relief in the Near East. The 
money is lent without interest and is to be used by the 
borrower in reestablishing his business. When, on a re- 
cent Sunday morning, the refugees of Marash gathered 
to worship, Mr. George Bayard Young, a member of the 
American Sunday-school Commission, explained to them 
the fund and its purpose, and asked if they could give 
something to help those in worse condition than them- 
selves. The response was immediate, and by that con- 
gregation of people, who had lost property, business, 
homes and relatives, $1,200 was cheerfully given. Women 
freely contributed their last bit of jewelry, saved with the 
greatest of cunning from the greedy Turk because of 
some special significance, and men parted with their most 
treasured possessions— all to give what help they could 
to those in greater need than themselves. 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 3, 1920 


A Prayer 

That mine may be the kindly lips to speak 

Warm words of comfort and quick sympathy; 
To stay some sorrowing sufferer, worn and weak 

And famished for the love of friendship free. 
Mine may it be to succor and to cheer 

Some traveler's stricken heart, who rests o'er night 
Beneath the shelter of my roof-tree dear, 

My joy to point his spirit towards the light. 
Mine be the helpfulness of constant love; 

Mine be the hand to wipe sad tears away; 
Mine be the office meant of One above, 

To give, and give right freely, where I may. 
This is the prayer I raise, dear God, to thee, 

Asking for self naught but the power to bless 
And ease life's suffering where'er its gloom I see; 

Thus — thus to earn my own soul's happiness. 

— Grace G. Bostwick. 

The One Thing Lacking 


The two women had been warm friends. An alter- 
cation — jealousy — reared its ugly head between them, 
and they no more walked the paths of the friendly way 
together. The more sensitive one of the two spoke 
timidly and deprecatingly when they met. The more 
unforgiving one passed coldly by — her eyes unseeing, 
her head in the air, her entire demeanor breathing 
forth her bitterness of feeling. The passing of time 
but served to widen the breach between them. They 
met and passed and mingled together, when necessary, 
as strangers — the sensitive one affecting an indiffer- 
ence she was far from feeling, for was not every 
action of theirs, toward each other, crucifying afresh 
the gentle Savior of mankind? 

They passed each other one day, downtown. The 
sensitive one was on her way to visit a sick child down 
in the slum section, known as the " River District." 
On her way home she stopped to make a call at her 
dressmaker's. The latter was cutting out garments. 
Bits of silk, satin, velvet, and of the soft, lovely crepes, 
lay scattered about. An aged lady, a relative of the 
busy worker at the cutting-table, sat near. Her dainty 
white apron was filled with similar bright-hued bits of 
goods. Her busy fingers were engaged in piecing them 
together. Red, blue, white, violet, rich burgundy, the 
various shades of yellow, and soft sunset — almost 
every shade of this age of vivid coloring — was there. 
With the eye of an artist and the care of a connoisseur 
she was evolving, from the material in her lap, a thing 
of beaut}- and therefore a joy to behold. " All scraps, 
every bit of it," she said, displaying a finished block 
before the eye of the admiring caller. " Before I 
came, Helen invariably threw them — the scraps I 
mean — into the furnace." 

In her cosy room that night, before an open fire, 
the sensitive one sat down to read. It was a futile 
effort by which to divert her mind. The muse of 
literature refused to tarry with her. The book lay 
unopened in her lap. The emotion caused by her 
meeting with the unforgiving one was still strong upon 
her. "We were such good friends in the old days, 
working amiably together, helping each other in the 
closest intimacy, standing loyally by each other. 
A-ah " — there was a sharp intake of breath on the 
part of the one meditating, as if some poignant mem- 
ory had crossed her mind — " how very good Marion 
was to me on that occasion, helping me so quietly and 
unobtrusively, with such perfect understanding. And 
that was but one time of many that she was good to 
me— kind in the kindest way— just as she has since 
been unkind in the unkindest way. I wonder — " 

But at this point of her musing the sensitive one 
found herself walking along beside a swiftly-flowing 
stream. The water was turbid, and high within its con- 
fining banks. Erected over the stream, at its widest, 
muddiest sweep, was a midnight-black arch. Gleaming 
from this structure, in blood-red letters, were the 
words : " The River of Hate." Across, on the other 
Bide, her eyes looking straight ahead, her head haugh- 
tily aloft, walked the unforgiving one, A sudden 

resolution took possession of the sensitive one: " I am 
going to call to her, as we used to do in the old days." 
Acting upon her resolve, she sent a merry, cheery hail 
ringing across the repulsive sweep of water. 

And then a strange thing occurred. From out the 
odious-colored water, close to the one standing motion- 
less on the bank, there emerged an irregular mass of 
something — something which slowly took the form and 
the appearance of an oblong slab of stone. Before 
the amazed eyes of the beholder this object settled 
down squarely and solidly against the river bank. 
With dilating eyes and rapt breath the one watching 
this supernatural phenomenon drew near, nearer — 
right to the very edge. Hesitatingly, then trustingly, 
she placed a foot upon the mysterious object. Yes, 
undoubtedly, it was stone, solid stone. And see, there, 
across its smooth surface, written large and plain, was 
the single word, " forgiveness ! " 

Involuntarily the sensitive one raised her eyes 
toward the heavens. Wonder of wonders, more phe- 
nomena! Up above the arch, on either side of the 
blood-red words, appeared tiny particles — objects 
flashing with gold and the iridescent sparkle of fine 
jewels and precious stones. Down, steadily down- 
ward, increasing in size, the nearer they came to earth, 
floated this strange meteor-like shower. As lightly as 
thistle-down, one settled down upon the turbid wave 
close beside the magic abutment stone. Beseechingly 
it turned a small, wistful, pleading face toward the 
woman on the bank. With a gasp of astonishment she 
recognized, in the pathetic object, a golden deed — one 
of Marion's unobtrusive kindnesses in the friendly 
days of the past. 

The sensitive one looked eagerly across at the un- 
forgiving one. She was continuing straight on her 
way — her eyes hard, her features stern and unrelent- 
ing. The eyes of the sensitive one came back again to 
the shining object upon the river. Lo, not one, but 
many rested there — good deeds, love-tokens of friend- 
ship received from Marion in the days of the past. 
Her eye traveled beyond, over to the far side of the 
arch. Wonder of wonders, again ! There, across the 
space of the other half was — could it really be? Yes, 
there was no mistake about it — there were the loving 
good-will, friendly things, which she — Harta — had 
done for Marion during those days when they had so 
congenially worked together. 

Surprising sight ! What a number of them on each 
side ! " When did we ever do so much for one an- 
other? Behold, how we once loved one another! See, 
the two shining forces, are uniting ! Why, there is a 
way r a shining way, stretching across ! " 

Awe-struck, the sensitive one raised her eyes to the 
repelling arch above the shining way. It had changed 
in color. In blood-red crimson it stood outlined against 
the fleecy cloudiness floating above it. On the curve 
of the arch, standing forth, in gleaming letters of 
white, were the words : " The Bridge of Love." In 
the smaller arch of the space, left by the words, was a 
face— a glorified face— like unto that of the Master. 

Wtih a cry of joy and relief the sensitive one set her 

foot upon the abutment stone on her side of the bridge, 

suddenly to stop and shrink back appalled— there was 

no abutment stone at the farther side! Between the 

end of the shining way and the solid earth there was a 

vacancy— a broad, impassable sweep of muddy water 

rushing along— and Marion was going on straight 


* * * 

With a crash and a splutter a blazing nugget of coal 
fell upon the tiled hearth. With a start the sensitive 
one awoke. " Only a dream," she sighed. And then, 
she said, musingly : " If Marion, too, would have been 
willing to forgive— could have started across on her 
side — we might have — why, we would have — met be- 
neath the arch, right on the bridge of love ! " 

Ashland, Ohio. 

and a half year old child, and the little boy, aged about 
three, walked by his side. 

What a nice little family, we thought, and how nice 
that the father could see them off. We did not have 
father to see us off, as he used to do, or, more often, 
as he would go along with us. Ours would never take 
us to the train again. For a moment we almost envied 
the woman her happiness and then — 

"Where are you going, Tom?" she said, as the 
father put the little girl down on the seat and started 
towards the door. 

" Aw, I'm going down town. Don't see any need of 
waitin' here," he growled. 

" Stay with us a little while," she pleaded with her 
eyes, but he kept on and was leaving without saying 
good-bye to her or to the pretty little tots. 

" Good-bye," she ventured. He growled a " good- 
bye " in an undertone and went out, leaving her to get 
on the train with three babies and her luggage as best 
she could. 

No, we did not envy her then, but we breathed a 
prayer of thankfulness to our Heavenly Father that 
we had no such partings to remember. We thanked 
him that all our life there will be only pleasant mem- 
ories of thoughtful, tender, loving acts of the father 
who has left our home. 

Even in the last parting there was a sweetness that 
death can never take from us and as we look ahead to 
the end of the journey, at the welcoming arms and the 
smile of gladness that will be there to meet us, Qur 
hearts go out in praise for what the Lord has given us 
to remember, and for the happiness in store for us in 
the glorious homeland. 

Ah, yes, there are partings in life sadder than the 
partings that death can bring to the Christian. As we 
beheld the disappointed look on that young wife's face, 
we pitied her sincerely, and wished she might have the 
same pleasant memories that we can always carry 
with us. Our boys can look back to the times when 
they and father would eling to each other until it was 
time to go, and then look and beckon to each other as 
long as they could get a glimpse from the car window 
or the auto, passing out of sight. 

Now they are looking ahead, and longing for Jesus 
to come and take them to father. 

Nothing, no, nothing can rob us of the happy times 
of the past, and we have for our comfort the glorious 
reunion ahead. 

Belief ontaine, Ohio. 

As They Parted 


They came into the depot where a number of pas- 
sengers were waiting for the eastbound train. The 
mother carried the baby, the father carried the one 



There is an every-day virtue that underlies all 
achievement, the substance of all good character. We 
call it loyalty. It is not always parading itself. To be 
loyal is to serve the ideal, whatever that ideal may be, 
whether it be loyalty to friend, or duty, or country, or 
God. The word is old in our vocabulary, but the con- 
cept, I confess, was composed of certain notions of 
church attitude, received long ago. In reality, it is a 
natural human virtue whose roots may be traced back 
into the life of childhood. 

Yesterday, as I looked from my window, I saw a 
little girl cross the street with her doll carefully 
wrapped and held in her arm. I watched her as she 
met other playmates and with delight showed them her 
little treasure. Then I remarked to myself: "Loy- 
alty ! " There is Carl, who shares his cake with Frisk, 
his dog, and never thinks of a stroll without the pres- 
ence of his pet. That, too, is loyalty. Here is a child 
who takes great interest in helping her sick mother be- 
cause of her unconscious loyalty. Loyalty should be 
first laid in experience before it is appealed to. 

In later childhood and in adolescence this trait blos- 
soms out in rich promise. From ten to sixteen it may 
be seen in spontaneous organizations. Sheldon found 
862 societies among 1,000 boys, and 851 belonged to 
some voluntary group. Sixty-two per cent of these 
were athletic. They now formulate their own laws 
and have their own codes of honor. They will keep 
their word in strict fidelity to one another and with 
those whom the group recognizes as friends and 
" square." 

One evening the teacher detained a boy to learn 

THE GOSPEL ME SSENGEKr— January 3, 1920 


from him who did a certain mischief. But the boy 
would not " blow." He was loyal. Then the teacher 
threatened, and at last whipped. But the boy would 
not tell. When he escaped, he ran down the road to 
overtake the other " fellows " and there, in the fence 
corner, he reviewed the whole proceedings of the 
teacher, concluding with : " But you bet, I didn't tell' 
on you." 

It is a critical time in the boy's development. He is 
reaching beyond the life of the home and at no time 
does adult influence count for so little, for he cares 
far more for what the " fellows do and say " than for 
what older folks think. Why is this so? Is he be- 
coming more and more depraved? Is it that all our 
good advices must go for nought? I think I could 
write a book on expressions I have overheard while 
traveling on the trains last year. 

Recently I heard some ladies speaking of this age 
in particular. One remarked : " Isn't it just perfectly 
awful what youngsters will do these days? Why, we 
didn't do that way when we were young. But that's 
the way the world is going today. It's no use trying 
to raise 'em right, 'cause when they get with the other 
fellows they're gone anyhow." 

Such expressions set us to wondering if the parent 
has found her way with this age. Most of the problems 
rest not so much with the young folks as with the older 
ones, who misunderstand the mighty motives and con- 
flicts that are taking place. The boy is beginning to 
take the ordering of life into his own hands and is 
guided by such public opinion as is open to him. He 
can not do otherwise. The father and mother who fail 
to recognize the function of the boy's friendships, who, 
impatient and unsympathetic, " put their foot down," 
and stand pat on precepts, only engender conflict of 
loyalties witliin him, and in this conflict home loyalties 
generally lose out. The virtues of the group are doubt- 
less sound, but they do need enlightenment and expan- 
sion. If we do not respect the boys' code of honors 
we need not expect them to respect the code of larger 
loyalties yet to be. 

A boy came to visit my two sons. They broke some- 
thing in another room. I discovered it and began ask- 
ing them individually who did the wrong. At last it 
landed upon the visitor. When I said: "Dick, did 
you do it? " he stood before me, and looking me In the 
eyes said : " I did it, sir." I could not scold. In fact, 
for the sake of my two boys, who were entertaining 
their guest, I sTiould not have scolded Dick. I went to 
another room. I thought for a moment and then re- 
turned and in the presence of all the boys said : " James 
and Paul, did you notice how honestly Dick answered 
me? " You should have seen the sparkle in their eyes, 
as I respected their code of conduct and the guest they 
were entertaining. 

If we would secure loyalty in these younger folks 
we must respect their own loyalties and direct them 
into larger experiences. These lads will stand for their 
fathers now. When one boy was called a slacker, and 
his father was called a slacker, too, because he had 
not purchased a Liberty Bond, the so-called slacker 
fought his enemies to save the good name of his father. 
Their loyalty is remarkable. It is no less beautiful 
than that of Ruth of old. Have we been worthy of 
such loyalty? If we would have it develop into Paul's 
kind, we must show them now the concrete meaning 
of " This one thing I do." Doubtless Jesus learned 
loyalty through home experiences, and thus was able 
to say later : " I came not to do my will, but the will 
of him that sent me." 

Chicago, III. t ^ m 

Turning Winter into Spring 

"Turn us again, O God, and cause thy face to shine" 
(Psa. 80: 3). 

In the midwinter season, while we are shivering 
with the cold, the fact is that the mighty furnace of 
the sun is glowing with the same heat as in July. The 
simple reason why we shiver in February is that our 
globe lies at another angle towards the solar furnace 
and receives only its indirect radiations. The change 
is in our position. There is only one way by which 
nature turns winter into spring: it is by bringing the 

face of the earth into a new position toward the eun's 
rays. Then the snow-banks vanish, the seeds sprout, 
the grass peeps out, the buds open, and the sun renews 
the face of the year. 

This astronomic fact teaches us many important 
and practical lessons. Much of the unhappiness and 
the disagreeableness in life can be accounted for if we 
look within ourselves. In Matt. 7: 3, Jesus says:. 
" And why beholdest thou the mote that is in thy 
brother's eye, but considerest not the beam that is in 
thine own eye?" We too often attempt to make a 
scapegoat of " unfavorable circumstances," and of our 
" hard lot," as we call it, while, all the time, the change 
so much desired could easily be Brought about if we 
were to place ourselves at another angle to our sur- 
roundings. Too often we place ourselves at the point 
of view that the Quaker had when he said to his wife: 
" All the world is queer, except thee and me, and thee 
is a little queer." 

That former friend, who has become estranged, as 
you think, by no fault of yours, may possibly be won 
again if you were only to change your attitude toward 
him. He may think as you do, and a slight misunder- 
standing may lose you a friend — possibly a number of 
friends. Suppose you take the matter to him and show 
that, as far as lies in your power, you propose to break 
down all barriers of hard feelings, for by first casting 
out the beam out of our own eye, we shall see clearly 
to cast out the mote that is in our brother's eye. This 
frigidity of winter can, in many cases, be turned into 
the balmy zephyrs of spring, by a kind, encouraging 
or appreciative word. Do you know the worth of a 
smile? The gloom of winter can all be driven away 
by the smile of approbation. Do you desire to turn 
winter into spring? Then do not so much try to 
change circumstances as to change your angle of 

The society woman of today is trying, seemingly, to 
turn the winter season into spring by continuing to 
wear very thin dress materials, that give no warmth 
whatever, waists with extremely low necks, and prac- 
tically no undergarments. Seemingly she imagines 
that chiffon keeps her warm in winter and furs keep 
her cool in summer, provided fashion demands it. Sad 
it is that women professing godliness are so eager to 
follow the foolish fashions of the world! 

Looking on the dark side of life brings discontent 
and worry, and worry makes many a life miserable by 
fretting over troubles that never come, over evils that 
never occur, over imaginary defeats, over mistakes of 
the past. It is worry rather than work that enlarges 
the insane asylums, and enriches the cemetery. And 
what good comes from worry? None, absolutely none. 

To worry over something wholly of no avail, is like 
a man hurrying to tke depot to catch a train. He slips 
on an orange peel or banana skin, and turns back to 
see just where and how he slipped. He will stand a 
better chance of catching the train by letting the old 
slipping-place alone, and looking out for the next 
slipping-place, than to turn around and walk back- 
wards, with his eyes on the place where he slipped last, 
and his mind full of worry because he slipped there. 
Paul says : " But this one thing I do, forgetting those 
things which are behind, and reaching forth unto those 
things which are before, I press toward the mark for 
the prize of the high calling of God in Christ Jesus." 

However hard our lot may seem, the Christian, 
although he may be a poor " Lazarus " in this world, 
has hopes — hopes of everlasting blessedness. There 
is always something bright in our lives, although we 
sometimes fail to see it. The way we ofttimes see it is 

Twcboys went to hunt grapes. One was happy be- 
cause he found the grapes. The other was unhappy 
because the grapes had seeds in them. 

Twelve spies reported concerning the land of 
Canaan. Ten saw nothing but giants. Two saw a 
land flowing with milk and honey. 

When it rains, one man says : " This will make 
mud." Another says : " This will lay the dust and 
freshen the earth." 

Two boys examine a bush. One deplores that it has 
a thorn ; the other rejoices that it has a rose. 

Two boys eat their dinner. One says : " I would 

prefer something better than this." The other says: 
" This is a whole lot better than nothing." 

Each of two boys has a bee. The first calls it a 
honey-bee, the other a stinging-bee. 

Each of two boys has an apple. One is thankful 
for the apple ; the other grumbles because he does not 
have two. 

One man spoils a good repast by thinking of a better 
one. Another enjoys a poor meal by contrasting it 
with none at all. 

One man is thankful to God for his blessings. An- 
other, who is equally blessed, is morose because of his 

One man complains that there is so much evil in the 
world. Another rejoices that there is some good in 
the world. 

May we look more and more on the bright side of 
life, if, by nature, we are not thus gifted ! Let us pray 
God for grace to overcome! "He that overcometh 
shall inherit all things " (Rev. 21 : 7). 

Others have troubles as well as we have. Let us 
contrast them with ours and the light that falls upon 
our own blessings will cause the burdens we have to 
bear to lighten and disappear. 

There is no trouble so great that can not be over- 
come by prayer, courage, determination and faith in 
God, and no earthly shadow is so deep and dark that 
the light of heaven can not shine through it. 

As the earth teems with new life, when brought into 
a different position, with respect to the sun, so the soul 
that seeks God's favor, will find that December is as 
pleasant as May. 

His name yields the richest perfume, 

And sweeter than music his voice; 
His presence disperses my gloom, 

And makes all within me rejoice; 
I shou'd, were he always thus nigh, 

Have nothing to wish or to fear, 
No mortal so happy as I — 

My summer would last all the year. 
Mount Joy, Pa. 


' Write what thoi 

the churches " 


When I was a boy, some fifty years ago, we lived on a 
farm, and I was somewhat inclined toward machinery, 
and especially interested in trying to make some kind of 
machine that would run without turning a crank. There 
was a small spring branch near by, so I commenced build- 
ing a dam and digging a race to the place where my future 
mill was to be. By and by I succeeded in making a water 
wheel and crude machinery that would run without turn- 
ing a crank. 

One day daddy came down, smoking his clay pipe, and 
said to me: "Jake, I think it looks very foolish for you to 
spend so much time trying to make something that will 
never do anybody any good. It will not even crack a 
grain of corn for a little chicken." 

" Now, daddy, please do not get offended if I tell you 
of something that looks still more foolish to me: You 
fill your pipe with tobacco about half a dozen or more 
times a day and light it and suck the smoke through the 
stem into your mouth and then blow it out in the air. 
And when the stem gets clogged, you draw a broom 
straw through it to start it again. Now, daddy, be fair 
and square with me. Which is the more foolish — for a 
man to do what you are doing, or for a boy to do what 
I am doing?" 

Daddy went away, but not smoking his pipe. In about a 
week mother told sister and me that daddy had quit smok- 
ing, and that one day he came in and put pipe, tobacco 
and all in the stove without saying a word. Then I told 
mother about our talk we had down at the branch, and 
she said: " My dear boy, you have done what I have 
prayed for and tried to do for fifteen years." 

Bellefontaine, Ohio. Jacob H. Swank. 

One of the valuable treats for new China missionary 
recruits is the opportunity to visit the mission stations 
and workers before the opening of the Language School. 
This was the happy privilege of our party this year, save 
Brother Sollenberger and family, who remained in Peking 
to rest, they having had an unusual siege of seasickness 
during the voyage. 

With Bro. J. Homer Bright and his good wife, and Sis- 
ter Anna Hutchison, who piloted us from America so 
faithfully, and Sister Edna Flory. who had come to Pe- 
(C«ntinued on Page 14) 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 3, 1920 

The District Sunday- school Convention of Southwestern Mi 
and Northwestern Arkanaaa, for the fourth quarter, will convene in 
the Shoal Creek church, Fairview, Mo., on Sunday, Jan. 4. 

9 A. M., Regular Sunday-school Session. When a Sunday- school 
Ceases to Grow, What Then?— C H. Brown. Oren Harvey. The 
Best Teacher for Primary Pupils.— L. W. Stong, Stella Early, Bettie 
Reese. In What Way Do Sunday-school Teachers Influence the Con- 
version of Pupils?— J. B. Hylton, Nancy Davidson, Virgie Argabnght. 
Why Should the Teacher Have a Definite Aim?— F. E. Miller, L. N. 
Davidson. J. H. Argabright. Is Your Sunday-school Work a Joy or 
a Burden? Why?— E. J. Reese. Florence Oxtey, Zella Fike. What 
Is the Greatest Need of Your Sunday-school at Present?— W. R. 
Argabright, Hester Harriet!, John Keeling. The Suuday-school'3 
Place in the Community.— A. Killings worth, D. W. Teeter. Ova Ens- 
man. The Best Thing in Our Sunday-school.— Response from Each 
Representative. » ♦ » 


The Committee of Arrangements for the coming An- 
nual Conference is very anxious to do their part, in ev- 
ery way possible, to make the meeting a success. Sev- 
eral have asked for space in which they might present 
a display of church activity not shown heretofore. 

The Executive Committee will meet in the near future, 
and will then consider questions of the above nature, and 
any other request which may be presented. In order that 
such questions may receive due consideration, we ask you, 
who are interested, to present the same to the secretary 
at your earliest convenience. M. J. Mishler, Secretary. 

314 East Ninth Street, Newton. Kans. 


It was a happy privilege that wife and I enjoyed, of 
spending Thanksgiving Day in the city of Oakland, with 
the workers of the Golden Gate Mission. The work at 
this place is carried on by Bro. J. U. G. Stiverson, under 
the direction of the District Mission Board, and is making 
very commendable progress. 

It was thought by Bro. Stiverson and his coworkers 
that if would be a splendid thing to give a Thanksgiving 
dinner to the Sunday-school pupils, and their parents and 
others, who were in attendance at the services, and to 
minister to the needy families of the community. At- 
tending to the physical, as well as the spiritual needs of 
men and women, is in harmony with the teaching and 
practice of the Master, but in these days of the "high 
cost of living" it requires money to do it. As soon as 
the churches of the Northern District of California 
learned of the need of the Golden Gate Mission they. 
through their Aid Societies, responded by sending in ev- 
erything needed for a real Thanksgiving dinner. 

In addition to a bountiful supply of good things to eat, 
a number of the churches sent money with which to sup- 
ply anything that might be needed to satisfy the most 
critical appetite. After enjoying a splendid Thanksgiving 
service at 10: 30 A. M.. the entire audience was invited to 
remain for dinner. 

As we watched these hungry folks satisfy their physical 
appetites to the full, we prayed that the Golden Gate Mis- 
sion might be the channel through which these same folks 
would receive the bread and water of everlasting life. At 
present the Northern District of California is being so- 
licited for a new churchhouse in Oakland, and we hope 
soon to have a building that will be a worthy monument 
to the Church of the Brethren in this great city. Oakland 
is a beautiful residence city on San Francisco Bay, with 
fine climatic conditions, and we are looking forward to 
the building of a churchhouse which will meet the needs 
of the growing membership and the Sunday-school, and 
one which will also provide a church home for outgoing 
and incoming missionaries. 

Thanksgiving Day, 1919, was a great day for the Oak- 
land Mission, and we believe that every one, who in any 
way helped to make the occasion possible, will receive a 
blessing. Andrew Blickenstaflf. 

McFarland, Calif. 


At the Juniata Bible Term Dr. M. G. Brumbaugh, Pres- 
ident of the Juniata College Extension Association, gave 
two very strong addresses— the first centering on the 
value of true, simple faith in God's Word— a faith devoid 
of the destructive influences far too prevalent these days; 
the other describing a movement which is being pushed 
by the speaker himself most vigorously. The next day 
after he had returned home, the college took up the sub- 
ject in chapel, and by a unanimous vote of the faculty 
and the student body, Juniata put herself on record as fa- 
voring the movement. 

I am personally much interested in this attempt at 
counteracting militarism and glad to know that the Ex- 
Govcrnor of Pennsylvania, so capable of knowing and so 
well fitted to urge this measure upon the Legislatures of 
the several States, is giving his energies to neutralize the 
military spirit of the day, particularly as it is touching the 
schools and colleges of the land. 

The reply to my further question, as to the nature of 
the measure, is given in the words of our brother him- 
■elf, and explains better than my pen can speak: 

254 West Walnut Lane, Germantown, Pa. 
Dear Brother: 

You were good enough to enquire farther concerning 
my appeal at Juniata on Dec. 1, for Universal Physical 
Education in our American schools and I am glad to tell 
you what is in my heart. 

Any one, at all conversant with current propaganda, 
knows that there is a movement on foot for a large stand- 
ing army— 500,000 men; for a navy second to none in the 
world; for compulsory military training for our young 
men above eighteen years of age. All this means that we 
are to be burdened with a great expense for a military es- 
tablishment in peace times, and perhaps it means that we 
shall sooner or later— like Germany— feel that we have so 
vast and complete a fighting machine that we will be 
strongly tempted to put it to use. The whole situation is 
fraught with menace to the peace of the world and to the 
promotion of the principles of Jesus. You can readily see 
how all this arises from the war and the nation-wide feel- 
ing that, with no League of Nations, we have no protec- 
tion save that of a strong army and navy. 

Now some of us see that the effective way to counter- 
act this movement is to offer, as a substitute, a sensible, 
safe and peace-promoting movement and not merely to 
oppose, in a negative way, a movement of vast propor- 
tions. We have, therefore, planned to have universal 
physical education introduced into all the schools by na- 
tional grants, with State assistance. This will be a peace- 
preserving substitute for military training. It will guar- 
antee healthy, vigorous citizens for peace and for indus- 
try. It will be vastly less expensive to the people. It 
will include girls as well as boys, thus ensuring a better 
race in the years to come. It will act as a preventive, not 
merely as a corrective, of physical defects, and above all 
it will make our people morally and mentally more capa- 
ble, because of the better health of the race. It is a vast 
and truly religious movement. It is in harmony with the 
teachings of Jesus and ought to enlist the active support 
of all Christian people. 

It happens that, by reason of my public service, I am 
able to gain audience and give important assistance to 
this humane and Christian work, and you may be assured 
that I do it all the more gladly because of my love for 
our church and its honored principles. 

I wish all our people would unite and urge favorable ac- 
tion by Congress upon this movement. 

Fraternally, M. G. Brumbaugh. 

I am sure that every member of the church will not only 
rejoice in the effort put forth, but, when opportunity pre- 
sents itself, urge that such laws be enacted as will permit 
God's people to live and enjoy peace. 

Huntingdon, Pa. Galen B. Royer. 
«■» » 


Possibly the readers of the " Gospel Messenger " will be 
interested in a message from the far Southland, from the 
tourist standpoint, and I submit a few lines for the grati- 
fication of the members who have heard of its wondrous 
beauties, and those who have come and know that such 
a place as Southern Florida is on the map of the world. 

I will say but little concerning the business side of the 
subject. An investment may yield normal results, bene- 
ficial to the investor, and it may not. It all depends on 
conditions, which change almost like the proverbial chame- 
leon. The ebbs and flows are as periodic, almost, as the 
tides. In fact, that condition is not confined to Florida. 

Conscienceless speculators ordinarily reap golden har- 
vests, and unacclimated investors supply the gold. Be- 
ware of that gang. They are as ubiquitous as the famed 
celebrity who is always " going to and fro, and up and 
down in the earth." 

Money invested in permanent improvements in develop- 
ment of industries, which contribute to the general wel- 
fare, is practically safe. Oranges, grape fruit, tangerines, 
limes, and all other semitropical fruits, yield fair profits. 

But I am more interested in the coming development 
of church activities. This should always be the dominant 
factor in our home alignments. Whenever it becomes 
desirable to change the home and consequent environment 
of the family, the question of church conditions must be 
first, if we want ultimate success. Everything else must 
be strictly secondary. 

The future of the Ghurch in Florida is now in the 
making. We know full well that most of our acquisitions 
in the North are from families who have been in fellow- 
ship through the generations. It is but the natural result 
of influences which prevailed in the " bringing up " 
process. We can teach a child any and every thing, false 
or true, and it becomes a part of his life. Thus our 
"peculiar" doctrines, or policies rather, are of easy incul- 
cation and perpetuation. 

But when we come into a country like the Southern 
States of the republic, we meet a people of positively 
different psychological structure and if we want to inter- 
est them in our fundamental doctrines, where we have a 
specific "thus saith the Lord," we must avoid the handi- 
cap of requirements that do not have this sanction. 

We have definite testimony on the subject, in favor of 
my contention, all through the apostolic age. The church 
at Jerusalem, consisting of "many thousands" of Jews, 
was as loyal to the "law," in all of its ramifications, as 
any Pharisee could demand, and yet they were on the 
highest peaks of Christian development. 

But the churches consisting of Gentile converts did not 
and would not, neither were they required by the chosen 
apostles of our Lord, to observe one jot or tittle of the 
law, and St. Peter got the most stinging rebuke of his 
life, after his conversion, from St. Paul, because he failed 

to measure up to the new standard which gave to every 
disciple the right and duty to be fully persuaded in his 
own mind, concerning nonessential things — such things 
as are subject to constant and inevitable changes. I allude 
to that episode in his life when he refused to eat with his 
Gentile brethren because of the presence of some of the 
brethren from Jerusalem, who were too zealous for the 
.law to fraternize with them. 

It was my pleasure, while at Sebring, to preach to one 
of the most spiritual groups of believers that I ever met. 
It was a special benediction to me. I can never forget 
the occasion. My subject was "The Mountain Tops of 
the Christian System." 

I would like to give a line concerning the personnel of 
the membership, but limitations forbid, further than to 
say that the patriarchal elder, J. H. Moore, is there, and 
is as full of the inspiration of the spiritual soldier as our 
Elder Brother requires. 

One instance, emphasizing the variety- of personal ex- 
periences which we meet in our pilgrimage, was the meet- 
ing of two sisters, past middle age, at whose childhood 
home in Pennsylvania I was a guest while holding a 
series of meetings some forty years ago — an inspiring 
forecast or prophecy of the next meeting "on the beauti- 
ful shore in the sweet bye-and-bye." 

Punta Gorda, Fla. D. C. Moomaw. 


John and Mary were well-to-do folks, living in the 
city of K. John was a lawyer, high up in his profession. 
He had no time for church, Sunday-school or Christian 
work, as his time was so fully taken up with law, clubs, 
lodges and such. Mary was a devout Christian and be- 
longed to the Church of the Brethren. She was a good 
church and Sunday-school worker — always at her post. 
With her children she attended church services and Sun- 
day-school. John seldom went with Mary and the children, 
except when some big preacher came, from whose mes- 
sage he might get a helpful point for his law practice. 

On one such occasion he sat in the pew with Mary and 
the children, stiff and straight — so stiff and straight that 
he leaned back a little. Mary, in her devotion, humbly 
sat at his side. Casting his eyes over her, without bend- 
ing, he said in a rather sarcastic voice: "Mary, I object 
to your wearing that little headgear. It does not become 
you in your social standing. It makes you look odd and 
I don't see any use in it anyway." 

Then the fire came into Mary's eyes. She raised her 
bowed head and looked up to John with a saintly smile, 
and said: "John, you object to my prayer-veil, and you 
see no use in it. I always have told you I wear my 
prayer-veil in my devotions as a symbol of purity and 
power, because of the angels, as recommended by St. Paul 
to the church at Corinth, and lived out by good, sainted 
women down the ages. Now, John, I could say: 'What 
do you wear that little white apron for at your meetings? 
Why, it does not become you. It makes you look odd 
and I don't see any use in it anyway.' But, John, I 
never opposed you wearing your little white apron. I 
have always done it up for you, and when you go to 
your meetings, it is always ready for you. When I was 
doing it up I would think: 'This is John's. He wears 
it at his meetings. I do not know what it is for. He 
never told me, but it may symbolize something good. 
John is certainly welcome to all the good he gets out of 
it.' Now, John, is this not all true?" 

"Humph." John began to stroke his waxed mustache, 
and the kinks began to come out of his stiff neck. 
" Humph." And he began to limber up all over. He 
leaned over to Mary and said: "Mary, it's all true. You 
have been a faithful and true wife: true to me, true to 
yourself, true to the children, and tried and true to your 
church, and now I am ashamed of myself. If you will 
pardon me, I will never oppose you any more. You can 
wear your prayer-veil whenever you want to." 

Then Mary said: "I am glad, John, that you are learn- 
ing a little Christian sense. I do not know where you 
learned it — certainly never out of any of your law-books, 
for it is not there. I do not think they discuss such 
matters at your clubs or lodge meetings. You must have 
learned It from the Nazarene Teacher whom I am trying 
to serve day and night. He says: 'All things whatsoever 
ye would that men should do to you, do ye even so to 
them.' And now, John, you are going to give me the 
same privilege you claim for yourself. Why, John, this 
is Christianity. I am glad you are coming to it. Of 
course I forgive you. Now let us pray." D. D. Sell. 

Plattsburg, Mo. 

Notes From Oar Correspondents 

As cold water to a thirsty soul, so is good i 


Covlna. — Nov. 23 our Thanksgiving offering was taken. A donation 
of canned fruit and was given to the Children's Home 
Society in Los Angeles, with which the District of Southern Cali- 
fornia is cooperating. On the above date, in the evening, the Mission 
Band of La Verne College rendered a fine program. Bro. John I. 
Kaylor gave a splendid talk on India. Dec. 12 the church met in 
council, to elect the Sunday-school officers. Bro. D. J. Overholtrer 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 3, 1920 


was reelected superintendent. All other officers were " reelected.— 
Mrs. S. W. Funk, Charter Oak, Calif., Deo. 16. 

Lindsay. —Br o. Virgil C. Finncll was with our congregation Dec. 5-7, 
giving (our lectures which were much appreciated. They were- edu- 
cational, inspirational and not lacking in constructive criticism. An 
offering was given toward the maintenance of the work. Dec. 14 our 
Distrfct Mission Secretary, Bro. Sam Null, of Recdley, Calif., gave a 
splendid missionary sermon. He also met with our Missionary Com- 
mittee. An offering' of $104.09 was taken, to be used in the support 
of worthy young people who are preparing themselves for definite 
service. Dec. 15 our business meeting -was held, with Eld. I. S. Bru- 
baker presiding. All officers for the coming year were elected: Bro. 
M. S. Frantz, elder; II. M. Stutzman, superintendent; I. D. Yoder, 
clerk. We decided to form four Christian Workers' Societies, namely, 
Junior, Intermediate, Young People and Adult — each one to effect 
its own organization. A committee was appointed to investigate a 
basement proposition, as wc need more Sunday-school room. — Mrs. 
Emma Yoder, Lindsay, Calif., Dec. 16. 

Patterson church met in council Dec. 14, with Eld. J. B. Deardorff 
presiding. Church officers were elected for the year: M. H. Miller, 
elder; Sister Julia Peters, clerk; Sister Ida Miller, correspondent; 
Bro. J. M. Follis, " Messenger " agent. Five letters were received 
and three were granted. Bro. M. II. Miller has now taken up work 
with the Patterson church as pastor. Sunday-school officers were 
elected, with the writer as superintendent.— D. J. Fink, Patterson, 
Calif., Dec. IS. 

Patterson church enjoyed a visit from Sister Swadley, Sunday, Dec. 

14. She talked especially to the children during the Sunday-school 
hour, by way of illustration referring to Psa. 46: 1. During the 
preaching hour she talked to us on the subject of " Service." — D. J. 
Fink, Patterson, Calif., Dec. 16. 

Pomona church met in council Dec. 8, with Eld. J. A. Brubaker pre- 
siding. The Ministerial Committee reported that up to this time they 
had failed to secure a pastor. Bro. D. L. Forney, our pastor last 
year, is leaving us to return to India, Bro. -R. F. Hartman was re- 
elected Sunday-school superintendent for the following year. Dec. 17 
the church gave a farewell supper for Brother and Sister Forney. 
They were presented with tokens of remembrance and appreciation 
from the members. In her farewell words, Sister Forney gave hearty 
praise to the Aid Society. We are very glad to have Brother and 
Sister D. L. Miller with us this winter— Nellia M. Snell, Ontario, 
Calif., Dec. 19. 


Bow Valley church met in council Dec. 13, with Eld. T. A. Eisen- 
bise presiding. We elected officers for church and Sunday-school for 
the coming year,, with Bro. Jos. Weddle, elder. Four letters were 
granted and four were received. A committee was chosen to secure 
an evangelist, to hold a series of meetings between June IS and July 

15. Dec. 21 the church was favored with a much appreciated sermon 
by Rev. W. C. Tylc.— Maude Pobst, Gleichen, Alta., Can., Dec. 22. 


First Grand Valley church met in council Dec. 6. Officers for the 
ensuing year were elected: J. E. Bryant, elder; J. D. Coffman, assist- 
ant; Homer Wanger, clerk; Mrs. Roy Mohler, "Messenger" agent 
and correspondent; Homer Wanger, Sunday-school superintendent; 
Cora Van Dyke, Christian Workers' president. A Missionary Com- 
mittee was also chosen and one letter was granted.— Mrs. Minerva 
Hixson, Grand Junction, Colo., Dec. 16. 

Haxtun church met in council Dec. 17, with Eld. S. G. Nickey pre- 
siding. Two letters Were granted and officers for the coming year 
were elected: Bro. Wm. Hinzie, Sunday-school superintendent; Bro, 
Mays iKiini, church clerk; Bro. Irvin Buckingham, Christian Work- 
ers' president; Sister Oscar Andrews, superintendent of the Home 
Department. A Christmas program is being prepared. Capt. Wiard 
was here for nearly a week, giving lectures which were enjoyed with 
profit by all.— E. L. Lapp, Haxtun, Colo., Dec. 19. 

Sterling church met in council Dec. 18, with Eld. S. G. Nickey pre- 
siding. Three letters were received and four were granted. Officers 
for 1920 were chosen: Elder, J. B. Moore; Sunday-school superin- 
tendent, Bro. A. G. Turner; Primary superintendent, Sister May 
Holl; Christian Workers' president, Bro. John Zunkle; the writer, 
clerk and correspondent. New members were also elected on mis- 
sionary, temperance. Child Rescue and Auditing Committees. We 
have prayer meeting every Wednesday evening, and every Friday 
evening Sister Moore gives lessons on Bible geography and the jour- 
neys of Jesus. The Sunday-school expects to have a program, ou 
Christmas Eve, and is preparing to distribute a number of well- 
filled baskets to the needy of our city.— Mrs. Chas. Ullery, Sterling, 
Colo., Dec. 20. 


Arcadia.— Bro. S. W. Bail and wife, of Washington, P_a., who have a 
winter home here, arc now with us. Bro. Bail conducts regular 
preaching services each Sunday, both morning and evening. We also 
hold midweek prayer service and Bible study. Two have applied 
for baptism and the rite will be administered soon. Our Sunday- 
school is progressing nicely and we have very pleasant church 
privileges to offer all southern visitors. Any information concerning 
this section of Southern Florida will be cheerfully given.— Mrs. M. 
Cloe Tracy, Arcadia, Fla., Dec. 18. 


Elgin,— The " Advent " season always calls forth cumulative praise 
to the Adored Infant, and so last Sunday night the chorus of " the 
little church on Highland" joined the country-wide "Alleluial" by 
singing, in warm, eager tones, the beautiful cantata, "The Carpenter 
of Nazareth," The Sunday-school Christmas program was given in 
the morning. While a young girl, in clear, deliberate voice, read the 
story of the Wonderful Child, the room was darkened, and on the 
screen were thrown pictures of Him and his home, the shepherds, the 
wise men, and a number of Madonnas. At intervals songs were 
sung, appropriate to the scene. Sometimes it was a solo, then quar- 
tet, or groups of primaries or juniors. The Christmas offering, for 
various benevolences, totaled $63.38. Besides this r the " Nautilus " 
class pledged $100 for Mount Morris College.— Ada tine H. Beery, Elgin, 
111., Dec. 23. 

Martins Creek church met Dec. 20, with Eld. J. W. Harshbarger 
presiding. We reorganized our Sunday- school, with Bro. Chas. 
Mauck, superintendent. Bro. C. H. Kaiser and wife, of Chicago, were 
with us on Sunday, and Bro. Kaiser preached two inspiring sermons, 
which were much appreciated. — Amelia Leinard, Geff, 111., Dec. 22. 

Rock Creek church met in council Dec. 20, with Bro. D. E. Gerdes 
presiding. Our Sunday-school was reorganized with Bro. R. E. 
Longauecker, superintendent. Other church officers were elected for 
the ensuing year. — Rebecca *H. Gerdes, Morrison, 111., Dec, 22. 

Waddams Grove.— We held our quarterly council Dec. 6, with Eld. 
P. R. Keltner presiding. The usual officers were elected for the 
coming year: Sisters Hannah Derr and Blanche Masters, Sunday- 
school superintendents; Brethren Edward Brozc and Harry Moore, 
Christian Workers' officers. Eld. C. C. Cripe, who recently returned 
from an extended visit at Stanley, Wis., preached at the Chelsea 
churchhouse Dec. 14.— Alice Myers, Waddams Grove, 111., Dec. 15. 


Bremen church met in council Dec. 13, with Eld. Chas. C. Cripe 
presiding. Four letters were granted, and all officers elected and 
committees chosen for the coming year, with Bro. Sharon Stuntz, 
Sunday-school superintendent; Sister Gertie Shafcr, superintendent 
of the Primary Department, and Bro. Ervin Stuntz, president of 
Christian Workers' Society. We expect to have a program on Christ- 
mas evening.— Emma Kauffman, Bremen, Ind., Dec, 16. 

Buck Creek church met in council Dec. 13, with Bro. L. L, Teeter 
in charge. Bro. Geo. L. Studebaker, of Muncie, was with us. We 
elected our church officers for the coming year: Bro. L. L. Teeter, 
elder; Bro. A. C. Priddy, clerk; Sister Vinna Bowman, church cor- 
respondent; the writer, "Messenger" agent; Bro. E, N. Cross, Sun- 
day-school superintendent. We are expecting Bro. Saylor Greyer to 
be with us in a revival, beginning Dec. 22.— Clara Sheets, Mooreland, 
Ind., Dec, 18. 

Cart Creek church met in council Dec. 13, with Eld, E, S. Brubaker 
presiding. All officers of church and Sunday-school were elected for 
the new year, with Bro. Jesse Winger, Sunday-school superintendent. 
Bro. E. S. Brubaker, our elder, offered his resignation, which was 
accepted, and Bro. Obed Rife, our pastor, was chosen in his place.— 
Mrs. Emma Winger, MaVion, Ind., Dec. 16. 

Elkhart City church met in council Dec. 9, at which Sunday-school 
officers were elected, with Bro. L. W. Bcrkey, superintendent. Sis- 
ter Liden Groves was chosen president of Christian Workers' Meet- 
ing and Sister Lawrence Ulery, " Messenger " agent and corres- 
pondent.— Mrs. Celia A. Swihart, Elkhart, Ind., Dec. 20. 

Flora.— We held our quarterly council today, with Bro. I. R. Beery, 
our pastor, presiding. Our Sunday-school officers and teachers have 
been elected for the New Year and approved by the church. Our 
series of meetings, conducted by our pastor for three weeks, closed 
Dec, 15 with our love feast. Though we had zero weather at times, 
good crowds were out and much interest was manifested. Sister 
Alma Stump led the singing in an able manner. Six confessed Christ. 
At our communion services we rejoiced to have with us our new con- 
verts; also Brethren Orville Booth and Carl Johnson, who recently 
returned from France, where they were engaged in Reconstruction 
work. We have a very busy Aid Society. Its members have bought 
and are making payments on a parsonage. Besides, they are caring 
for the poor and answering the different calls for help.— Mattie 
Welty, Flora, Ind., Dec. 22. 

Maple Grove church met in council Dec. 20. A committee was ap- 
pointed to formulate a plan for remodeling the churchhouse. Five 
letters were granted and officers elected: Elder, Bro. Manly Deeter; 
Sunday-school superintendent, Bro. James Peters; Christian Workers' 
president, Bro. Francis Mishler; Cradle Roll superintendent. Sister 
Mertie Ncff. Our series of meetings, conducted by Bro. J. W. 
Norris, closed Dec. 14. Four accepted Christ. Although the weather 
was disagreeable and the crowds not as large as they should have 
been, we had a very good meeting.— J. G. Whitehead, New Paris, 
Ind., Dec. 22. 

Nettle Creek church met in council Dec. 13, and elected Sunday- 
school superintendents: For the Brick church, Robert Marlott;-Locust 
Grove, Frank Wampler; Olive Branch, Estol McColIough; White 
Branch, Frank Dillon. We also elected our Christian Workers' presi- 
dents: Brick church. Bertha Dilling; Locust Grove, Clessie Miller; 
Olive Branch, Mahlon Rhinehart; White Branch, Carl Hilbert. Bro. 
N. W. Shidler is in the midst of a series of meetings at the White 
Branch house.— Chas. W. Miller, Hagerstown, Ind. 

New Salem.— In November wc had with us Bro. Ezra Flory, of Beth- 
any Bible School, for several lectures and studies in the Book of 
Galatians. Dec. 7 we enjoyed a missionary sermon in the forenoon 
and a lecture on " The Country Church " in the evening, by Bro. 
Otho Winger, of North Manchester. We expect to have with us Bro. 
H. A. Claybaugh, of Bethany Bible School, Jan. 10 and 11. Bro. Wm. 
Paul has been elected superintendent of Sunday-school for the com- 
ing six months.— Dora Stout, Milford, Ind., Dec. 22. 

Pleasant Dale.— Brc. Chas. A. Wright, of Manchester College, is to 
conduct an Institute in the Pleasant Dale church, consisting of Bi- 
ble, Sunday-school and singing, to begin Christmas and continue 
during the holidays. — Emma Miler, Magley, Ind., Dec, 23. 

Pleasant Valley congregation met in members' meeting Dec. 13 at 
the Jordan house. In the absence of our elder, Bro. B. F. Sharp, 
Eld. David Minnich presided. Officers of the church were elected for 
the coming year. Bro. R. H. Nicodemus, of Chicago, was with us for 
two weeks in a revival at the Jordan house. Inspiring sermons were 
given each evening, and the members were strengthened and encour- 
aged. Nov. 16 Bro. Wm. J. Buckley, of the East Dayton church, 
Ohio, began a revival at the Pleasant Valley house. He presented, 
with great earnestness, twenty-five spiritual sermons, which revived 
the members to new zeal and courage. Bro. Buckley also visited in 
the homes of the community. Sister R. F. Flory conducted the 
singing. Eight accessions were made to the church. Bro. R. F. 
Flory, pastor of the Pleasant Valley church during the past year, 
has been retained. During this time thirteen young people confessed 
Christ. The interest in the church and Sunday-school has "been 
awakened and the prospect now looks more encouraging. Attendance 
has been good at our midweek prayer meetings and much interest 
has been shown.— Golda E. Flory, Union City, Ind., Dec. 19. 

Plunge Creek church met in council Dec. 20, with Eld. Book pre- 
siding. Church and Sunday-school officers were elected: Bro. Geo. 
Frantz, superintendent of Sunday-school; Sister Ida Harp, Primary 
Department superintendent; Bro. Book, elder for another year. As 
a church we are requested by our elder to visit our members in 
their homes more, especially those who do not get to church. — Mrs. 
Leona M. Poland, North Manchester, Ind., Dec 22, 

Fyrmont church held her love feast and communion Nov. 1, with a 
large attendance. Bro. Heeter, of Burnettsville, officiated, assisted 
by Bro. W. L, Hatchar. On Thanksgiving Day the church sent 
some provisions and $135, to be used for the poor in Chicago. Dec. 13 
we met in council, with Bro. D. L. Bamhart presiding. Three letters 
were granted and three received. Church and Sunday-school officers 
were elected for the next six months: Bro. Edw. Sommer, superin- 
tendent for the main school; Sister Cora Barnhart, Primary Depart- 
ment. It was decided to hold a Bible School some time in the near 
future if we can secure an instructor. Bro. Willard Hoffard was 
chosen missionary secretary. A Mission Study Class has been or- 
ganized, with Bro. Amos Yost as teacher.— Mrs. Claude Cripe, Ross- 

ville, Ind., Dei 


Santa Fe church met in council at the South house. This is now 
called Copper Creek church, as they petitioned, through the District 
Meeting, to be a separate church. Elders from adjoining churches 
were called in to act as a committee on the same: Brethren Aaron 
Moss, Peter Houk, John Bjorklund and S. T. Fisher. They at once 
established a new church and elected Bro. S. T. Fisher, elder; Breth- 
ren Arthur Klingelpccl and Nathaniel Kendall, trustees; the writer, 
" Messenger " agent. — Vcrn E. Kendall, Greentown, Ind., Dec. 22. 

Wabash church met in council Dec. 4, with Eld. E. S. Brubaker 
presiding. Two letters were received and Sunday-school officers for 
the coming year were elected, with Bro. Wm. Harris, superintendent. 
After Sunday-school yesterday the children and all present received 
a Christmas treat which was enjoyed very much.— Barbara E. Pulley, 
Wabash, Ind., Dec. 22. 

Wabash City Mission met in council Dec. 18, with Eld. Geo. Swi- 
hart presiding. Three letters were presented. The annual election 
of officers was held for church and Sunday-school work. Our series 
of meetings will be held in February. We decided to organize a young 
married people's class, which will give us five classes instead of 
four.— Glenn C. Weimer, Wabash, Ind., Dec. 18. 


Brooklyn church met in council Dec. 13, with Brethren Fox and 
Montz presiding. The former has resigned and expects to go to the 
Western Coast. Bro. Roy Montz will take his place. We are losing 
several families, who are moving away, which we regret very much. 
Sunday-school officers were elected at this meeting.— Rose Conncll, 
Brooklyn, Iowa, Dec. 18. 

Ml. Etna church has just closed a very successful series of meet- 
ings, with Bro. J. F. Swallow, of Malmo, Minn., as evangelist, and 
Bro. P. S. Hoover, of Indiana, as song leader. Eighteen confessed 
Christ, eleven of whom were baptized. We have certainly enjoyed 
a spiritual love feast. Such meetings bring each one to a closer 
realization of what a great work lies before us. — Wm. Hickcox, Mt. 
Etna, Iowa, Dec. 21. 

Panther Creek church met in council Dec. 5, with Eld. A. M. Stine 
presiding. Officers were elected for 1920, with Bro. E. F. Emmert, 
superintendent of the Sunday-school; Sister Clara Walker, president 
of Christian Workers' Society; Bro. H. L. Royer, elder for two years. 
Bro. M. W. Emmert began a series of meetings Nov. 30, continuing 
for one week. One accepted Christ, and will be baptized later. We 
had intended to close with a love feast, but on account of the abrupt 
closing of the meetings, on account of the weather, it was recalled. 
Bro. Frank Sargent, of Bethany Bible School, was with us several 
days recently, soliciting funds for the school. We are looking for- 

ward to a lecture course in our church this winter.— Mrs. L. D Ren- 
logle, Adel, Iowa, Dec. 17, 

Salem church met in council Dec. 13, with Eld. W. U. Wagner pre- 
siding. Church officers were elected; nominations were also made 
for Sunday-school officers, which were voted on by the school the 
following Sunday. Most of the officers were reelected for the coming 
year. Two letters were granted. Through the efforts of our Mis- 
sionary Committee a splendid program was rendered recently, result- 
ing in an offering of $S0.50 for World-wide Missions. Our Sunday- 
school will give a Christmas program next Sunday, Dec. 21.— Mrs. H. 
K Caskey, Lenox, Iowa, Dec. 17. 

South Ottumwa church held a love feast on Thanksgiving evening 
which was a splendid meeting, with thirty-five present. Just pre- 
ceding the service two were baptized. Nov. 2 M. W. Emmert, of 
Mt. Morns, 111., gave us two very inspiring sermons. The series of 
lectures on Palestine, which Bro. A. L. Miller was to give us in 
December, had to be postponed because of the fuel shortage. How- 
ever, we hope to hear him in the near future. The work here is 
prospering and our Sunday-school is growing.— Doris Howard, Ot- 
tumwa, Iowa, Dec. 18, 

Spring Creek church met in council Dec. 20, with Eld. Harvey Gil- 
liam presiding. Officers for church, Sunday-school and Christian 
Workers were chosen. Our Thanksgiving Day service was conducted 
by Bro. H. Gilliam. A Christmas program was given on Sunday 
evening, Dec. 21.— Mrs. Fannie Long, Fredericksburg, Iowa, Dec. 22. 


Bloom.— We held our quarterly business meeting Dec. 15 with Eld. 
G. W. Weddle presiding. Two letters were received and Sunday- 
school and Christian Worker officers elected, with Bro. Emry Martin 
Sunday-school superintendent; Mrs. Lillie Hatcher, president of the 
Christian Workers' Band; Sister Pearl Weddle, president of the 
Junior Band.— Mrs. Edith Keller, Minneola, Kans., Dec. 17. 

Lamed country church enjoyed a series of meetings, conducted by 
Bro. Wm. Kinzie. The interest was good until the weather turned 
very cold and stormy, and checked the attendance. Bro. Kinzie gave 
us good, helpful sermons. Our love feast was held Dec. 1, with Bro. 
Kinzie officiating. Our church met in council Dec. 13, with Bro! 
Keller in charge. Church officers were elected for the coming year* 
Bro. M. Keller, elder; Mollie Bock, clerk; Ellis Martin, "Messenger" 
agent; the writer, correspondent; Bro. Geo. Bock, Sunday-school su- 
perintendent; Sister Ruth Horning, president of Christian Workers.— 
lea Marker, Lamed, Kans., Dec. 20. 

Lamed City.— Since our last report our church was made to rejoice 
when three came out on the Lord's side. They were received into 
the church by baptism, which took place last Thursday evening, 
after Bible study. Sunday evening, Dec. 14, one of the "Gospel 
Teams " from McPherson College rendered a very appropriate pro- 
gram, which consisted of songs, readings, and short addresses. The 
theme of the evening was "The Value and Need of Christian Edu- 
cation." They made a very strong appeal to the young people, to 
make use of the opportunity which lies at their door. They held 
up before them the greatness of the task that awaits them. On Sun- 
day evening, Dec. 21, a splendid program was rendered by the chil- 
dren, assisted by the young people. A good attendance was present 
at these programs. Sunday evening, Dec. 28, a series of services is 
to begin, at which time the stereopticon will be used for seven 
evenings. These services are to be conducted by the pastor.— L, L. 
Alger, Lamed, Kans., Dec. 22. 

North Solomon church met in council Dec. 13, with Bro. L S. Lerew 
presiding. Officers for the coming year were elected, with Bro. Geo. 
Merkey, Sunday-school superintendent. Temperance and Missionary 
Committees were also chosen. An election for minister was held, and 
Bro. Geo. Merkey was chosen.— Mrs. John Moyer, Portia, Kant . 
Dec. 18. 

Salem church met in council Dec. 6, with Eld. W. A. Kinzie pre- 
siding. The church, Sunday-school, Christian Workers and Junior 
Band officers were elected for the coming year, with Bro. W. A. 
Kinzie, elder; John Lolling, Sunday-school superintendent; Wm. Pike, 
president of Christian Workers' Society; Fannie Trostle, superintend- 
ent of Junior Band. We decided to have a series of meetings next 
year; also to have another Community Festival. The building com- 
mittee gave a report, which was accepted by the church, to the effect 
that we build a new modem brick church; $15,000 has already been 
pledged by the members. At this writing the members have raised 
their pledges to $20,000 and we are making a canvass for $10,000 in the 
community, of which $2,000 has been pledged.— Mrs. B. S. Trostle, 
Nickerson, Kans., Dec. 18. 


Long Meadow.— We met in a farewell service for Bro. B. F. Sum- 
mer. Our brother has been away for some time, while in school, 
which made the last homecoming more precious. Bro. Summer 
sought the Lord early in life and was baptized in the Long Meadow 
church during an evangelistic effort by Bro. R. T. Hull. He has 
grown to be a man of God and is wholly consecrated to his work, 
eager to start on his way to India to serve those dark in heathen- 
dom. Bro. Summer will be supported by the Sunday-schools of 
Middle Maryland, whose members consider it a privilege to place in 
the field the second man.— E. S. Rowland, Hagerstown, Md., Dec. 18. 

Pine Grove.— Bro. T. B. Digman has moved back to our congrega- 
tion, for which we are glad. Our church has been progressing very 
nicely— about thirty-two being admitted to the church during this 
year. Our Bible Term was held Dec. 7-14 by Brethren E. T. Fixe 
and B. W. Smith. At this time we received one by baptism. We met 
in council Dec. 13 and organized our Sunday-school for another year; 
also Christian Workers' Meeting, with Bro. T. B. Digman as fore- 
man. We took a collection of $32.89 for the benefit of the church.— 
Delia Mellott, Sines, Md., Dec 20. 


Lake View.— Our elder, Bro. G. Nevinger, and wife, of Hart, Mich., 
were with us in a series of meetings, commencing Nov. 23 and closing 
Dec. 7. Four accepted Christ and await baptism. The members were 
greatly encouraged. Thanksgiving Day Bro. Neviuger preached a 
splendid sermon, after which a collection was taken for mission 
work. Sister Neviugcr's presence and help were greatly appreciated. 
Dec. 6 we met in council, with Bro. Nevinger presiding. One letter 
was granted. We expect Bro. Nevinger to be with us in a series of 
meetings some time in August, 1920. Bro. D. E. Crouch and wife 
were installed in the office of the ministry. Bro. Frank Gilbert was 
chosen foreman in the absence of the elder.— Ella Keith, Brethren, 
Mich., Dec. II. 

Vcstaburg.— Bro. John Smith, of Elmdale, has been giving ns some 
very good sermons during the past two weeks. He began his meet- 
ings Dec. 2 and continued for two weeks. Although there were no 
accessions, we are hoping that some good will result. Some time in 
the near future we will "begin having prayer meetings every Wednes- 
day night.— Vera Bollinger, Vestaburg, Mich., Dec. 22. 


Adrian church has enjoyed a series of meetings, which began Nov. 
25, conducted by Eld. Ernest F. Sherfy. He preached eighteen ser- 
mons, gave one illustrated sermon and a much appreciated talk to 
the children. Before each meeting he gave as a Bible Lesson, which 
seemed to prepare each one for the meeting that followed. Bro, 
Sherfy visited in thirty-five homes. Five young people confessed 
Christ. Dec. 14 we held our council, with Eld. Ira Witmore in charge. 
He was chosen as elder for another year. Merle Witmore and Kenny 
Landis were chosen superintendents. All the Sunday-school and 
church officers were chosen for another year. The Sunday-school will 
give a Christmas program Dec. 21. On Thanksgiving Day union 
services were held and Bro. Sherfy gave the address. A collection of 
$16.50 was taken for the poor of Adrian.— Fern M. Wagner, Adrian, 
Mo., Dec. 20. 


Bradford.— At a special council meeting, Nov. 19, Bro. Wm. K, 

Royer was called to the ministry and duly installed with his wife. 

Three were received by letter and four have been baptized since 

that time, the result of meetings held in the Oakland congregation. 

(Continued on Page 16) 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 3, 1920 


(Continued from Page 11) 

king on business, shortly after our arrival, we boarded 
the train at midnight of Sept. 3, starting to Shansi. On 
account of a previous washout along the railroad, the 
train could not cross the bridge, so we had to wait three 
and one-half hours for another train, to reach the other 
side. During this time the passengers walked across the 
temporary bridge, or were carried in chairs, just as they 
preferred. Standing or sitting, with China's hot .sun 
pouring down upon us, provided little pleasure for the 
crowd. But the train finally came and we were off again. 

At the junction, where we changed trains, we were 
obliged to stay over night Here we had our first oppor- 
tunity and experience of stopping at a Chinese inn. The 
nice weather added to the enjoyment and comfort of our 
brief stay there. At this place Bro. Samuel Bowman 
met us with cots and bedding, so that the entire party 
had a good night's rest. Bedding is a necessary part of 
one's baggage when traveling in North China. 

Food was served in Chinese style, with "chop sticks" 
for conveying it to our mouths. It was soon evident that 
we were inexperienced in the use of these Chinese im- 
plements. The inn-keeper, taking in the situation, there- 
fore provided us with large thick spoons, which we glad- 
ly used. Most of us relished some of the food, though 
some of it was quite foreign to our palate. 

About seven thirty, the next morning, breakfast was 
eaten, beds tied up and taken to the depot, and we were 
all on the train to complete the second installment of our 
trip. After four and a half hours' ride, all our party got 
off for Ping Ting except wife and me, who, having been 
met at this place by Bro. B. M. Flory, remained an hour 
longer. Then we found ourselves at Show Yang, the new 
station where the Florys and others live. It is needless 
to mention the joy of seeing old school friends and be- 
coming acquainted with the rest of the workers in our 

Several very enjoyable and profitable days were spent 
at this station with friends, learning about the conditions 
and needs that the missionaries have to face. I had the 
privilege of accompanying Bro. Flory on a brief visit to 
one of the out-stations, seven or eight miles distant, and 
enjoyed my first donkey ride splendidly. Show Yang, I 
think, is a strategic point in our mission territory and 
many things promise to make it an important center. . 

Accompanied by Brother and Sister Flory and little 
Verna Ruth, we started, Sept. 10, to Ping Ting. As a 
good part of the day was spent on the road, we had little 
time to look around there that evening; however, we saw 
where some of the homes were located. About seven 
o'clock nearly all of the older missionaries of the sta- 
tion, as well as the new ones who had come directly to 
Ping Ting, met at Brother Crumpacker's home for a so- 
cial hour, which served as a get-acquainted meeting. This 
was an especially pleasant occasion for the new arrivals. 

The next morning six of us started for Liao Chou on 
mule litters and on donkey backs. As our speed was not 
so high as that of the American automobile, it took us 
three days to make the trip; nevertheless, we much pre- 
ferred the donkeys and mules to the auto. 

For the most of us the journey did not grow tiresome, 
for there were many interesting things and beautiful scen- 
ery along the way. Indeed, there was nothing monoto- 
nous for one who goes the first time over the road, for 
the landscape was ever changing. Some of the mountains 
were practically barren — none of them having large trees 
—while other mountains are farmed to the top. The ter- 
raced mountain sides, with their harvest of golden grain 
and \aricd colors, certainly were pleasing to the eye. 
Then, when the summit of the high mountain was reached, 
one could look for miles in every direction. The won- 
derful beauty and handiwork of God, as displayed in 
mountain scenery, was to be seen all about us. Now and 
then we would meet caravans of pack-animals, carrying 
their burdens of coal, grain, etc., from one section of the 
country to the other.' We passed by or through many 
villages, and here and there would see a man and his 
family gathering in his harvest, or, perchance, cultivating 
his field, for when one crop is harvested, the Chinese 
farmer immediately plants another. 

In each of the cities where we stopped over night, our 
mission has out-station work, and property rented, which 
serves splendidly as lodging quarters. On the evening 
of the second day we were met by Brother Seese and, 
after attending to some business at this station, he re- 
turned with us to Liao the next day. 

As we were Hearing the end of our journey, we began 
to be met by little groups of Liao workers and children, 
at least a mile out from the city. No one can tell what 
such happy greetings and hearty welcomes into a new 
land and work really mean to the new arrival. Many of 
thsse smiling faces we saw for the first time, but none of 
them seemed strange to us. I would like to say here that 
the hospitality of all the workers at the different stations 
was equal to their hearty greeting. 

The few days before the mission meeting convened 

passed very rapidly. Soon the time for the meeting came. 

The delegates, among whom the entire missionary force 

is represented, arrived on the evening before the various 
committees had their meetings. The regular business 
meeting opened Sept. 18, with Bro. Crumpacker as Chair- 
man. From the first session to the last, there was a good 
regular attendance and every one was keenly interested 
in the work. The amount of business which came up for 
consideration was surprisingly large, and many, of the 
queries were constructive in nature and far-reaching in 
significance. The spirit of the meeting and the manner in 
which new conditions and problems were faced, is cer- 
tainly a credit to the Christian cause. This meeting was 
highly beneficial to us, who were unacquainted with the 
workings of the mission and the problems she has to 
solve, for now we feel that we are a part of the China 
workers, however small that part may be. Then, too, by 
having the privilege of this experience, we can think in 
terms of our mission in its young, growing life, when 
studying missions from older and well-established or- 

As soon as the meeting closed, nearly every one was 
eager to get back to their work, and we Language School 
folks were obliged to return immediately, as the opening 
of the school was just a few days off- Again we had 
only one night in Ping Ting. A little time was used in 
seeing some of the work of the station; however, we have 
to regret that we lacked time to visit this station. 

Because of this visit, we have added courage to do our 
best day by day in the language study here in Peking. 
May God constantly direct and richly bless the Christian 
workers in China and in all the lands that they may make 
the most of this great day of the world's history for the 
kingdom of our Lord. M. M. Myers. 

Peking, China, care of Language School. 

rate of $300 and $225 per acre. I enjoyed my brief ac- 
quaintance with the North Carolina members. 

Sebring, Fla. I- J- Rosenberger. 


The Special Bible Session will take place Jan. 5 to 9, in- 
clusive. There will be just five days of intensive work. 
Six speakers in all will be the expositors of God's truths, 
besides some supplementary local help. A wide range of 
subjects will be treated. There will be no duplication of 
the messages of former years. 

Districts holding trusteeship in the college, will do well 
to urge their workers, and prospective ones for the fu- 
ture, to attend these lectures. A " Forward Movement " 
adjustment is the thing of first importance nowadays. 
Bro. J. H. Cassady and Bro. Jesse Emmert, missionary 
from India, of Huntingdon, Pa., Bro. Paul H. Bowman, of 
Bridgewater College, Bro. F. J. Byer, of Nokesville, Va., 
Rev. Brooks, of Calvary Baptist church, of Roanoke, Va., 
and Mr. Owen O. Wiard, of Winona Lake, Ind., will give 
you new visions of the possible, and show how new sur- 
veys in the work of Christ are made. -This large program 
of work, and this selection of able speakers are made es- 
pecially to fit your requirements. A small fee of $4, to 
cover board and room, is all it will cost, besides the con- 
secration of yourself and time. Daleville College. 

Daleville, Va. 



Jan. 11-17 


Sunday, Jan. 11, 10 A. M., Sunday- school. Sermon: The Exalted 
Christ.— J. H. B. Williams. 7 P. M., Sermon: Chasing a Mountain — 
J. H. D. Williams. 

Monday, Jan. 12, 9. A. M., Class for Ministers.— Paul H. Bowman. 
The Bible and Civilization.— J. T. Glick. Missions of the Bible.— J. 
H B Williams. 1:30, The Second Letter to Timothy.— Paul H. 
Bowman- The Dollar Almighty.-J. H. B. Williams. 7 P M., Class 
for Ministers— John S. Flory. Lecture: Evangelism.— J. H. B. Wil- 

Tuesday, Jan. 13, 9 A. M., Class for Ministers— Paul H. Bowman. 
Jesus' Teaching About War.— A. R. Coffman. Missions of the Early 
Church.-J. H. B. Williams. 1:30 P. M., The Second Letter to 
Timothy.— Paul H. Bowman. The Joys of Earning.— J. H. B. Wil- 
liams. 7 P. M., Class for Ministers— John S. Flory. Lecture: Mis- 
sions on the Home Base.— J. H. B. Williams. 

Wednesday, Jan. 14, 9 A. M., Class for Ministers.— Paul H. Bowman. 
Jesus" Teaching About War— A. R. Coffman. Missions in the Me- 
dieval Church.— J. H. B. Williams. 1:30 P. M., The Second Letter 
to Timothy.— Paul H. Bowman. The Wisdom of Saving.— J. H. B. 


Wednesday, Jan. 14, 7 P. M„ Address.Paul H. Bowman. General 
Agricultural.— J. R. Hutchinson. The Cooperative Movement.— J. W. 

Thursday, Jan. IS, 10 A. M„ Better Live Stock.— M. 0. Cooper. Seed 
Corn Selection.— Chas. Wampler. Hog Raising.— W. S. Campfield. 
1:30 P. M., Beef Cattle Feeding.— M. O. Cooper. Community Co- 
operation.— W. S. Campfield. 7 P. M„ Address.— W. T. Sanger. 
Value of Home Economics in the Schools.— Mary M. Davis. Lantern 
Lecture on Poultry.— A. F. Treakle. 

Friday, Jan. 16, 10 A. M„ Soils and Fertilisers.— T. F. Hutchinson. 
Dairying.— R. E. Hunt. 1:30 P. M., Crops and Legumes.— T. B. 
Hmchinson. Fruit Growing.— Roy E. Marshall. 


Friday, 7 P. M., The Work' of the Holy Spirit in the Old Dispensa- 
tion.— F. J. Byer. Lecture.— T. S. Moherman. 

Saturday, Jan. 17, 10 A. M., Educational and Missionary Day. Fore- 
noon Theme: Our Virginia Schools. Educational Waste.— F. J. Byer. 
Educational Standards.— F. J. Wright. The Forward Movement in 
Education.— T. S. Moherman. 2 P. M., Afternoon Theme: Religious 
Education. Christian Education.— J. H. B. Williams. Why the 
Denominational College.— J. D. Eggleston. 7 P. M., Evening Theme: 
Student Volunteer Movement. Report of Delegates to Des Moines 
Conference. Address.— J. H. B. Williams. 

Sunday, Jan. 17, 10 A. M., Sunday-school. Sermon: The Church of 
the Brethren and the New Internationalism.— J. H. B. Williams. 7 
P. M., Christian Workers' Meeting. Sermon.— J. H. B. Williams. 

HILL, N. C. 

On our trip to Sebring we stopped, by invitation, at 
Campobello, S. C, where we were met, and taken to our 
place of sojourn, twelve miles distant, and kindly cared 
for during the night. We attended their feast next eve- 
ning, the 5th, at Mill Creek. The weather was fine and 
the crowd was large and very attentive. There seemed 
to be a number, in the crowded house, that looked and 
listened with interest. We attended their regular services 
on Sunday and Sunday evening, closing our efforts on 
Monday evening. 

The interests of the church were planted in that lo- 
cality forty or more years ago by Bro. Branscom, who 
emigrated to that country from Tennessee, and engaged 
in teaching school. Here, too, he married. By his per- 
sonal efforts, in conversation and distributing Brethren 
literature, he soon had a number of converts for mem- 
bership. He then wrote to the members in Tennessee, 
who thereupon sent brethren. These held a series of 
meetings and baptized seven, including Bro. Branscom's 
wife. They then organized these members into a church. 
Bro. Branscom was chosen to the ministry and placed in 
charge. He is very active both on the farm and in the 

Bro. Branscom seems to be a controlling factor not only 
in the church but in his community. I do not recollect 
of ever having seen a country library as large and well 
selected as the one I found in Bro. Branscom's commodi- 
ous home. I feasted on the delights of his library for 
two days. 

The church did no advertising, but quietly increased 
and the cause prospered. Bro. Branscom and his assist- 
ants faithfully continued with their mission work, some- 
times under very adverse circumstances and influences — 
but the cause kept growing and spreading until they now 
have six or more congregations. The country is good 
and here, too, war prices prevail. Land is selling for 
$200 per acre. Some of their cotton crop netted the high 


Marriage notices should be accompanied by 50 cents 

Please note that the fifty cent* required for the publication of • 
marriage notice may be applied to a three months' " Gospel Mm- 
senger" subscription for the newly-married couple. Request should 
be made when the notice is sent, and full address given. 

Hardy- Kin gery.— Dec. 4, 1919, at the home of the undersigned, Ver- 
non L. Hardy and Anna B. Kingery, both of Greene, Iowa. — A. P. 
Blough, Waterloo, Iowa. 

Hohenbcrger- Meyers.— By the writer, at his residence, Dec. 3, 1919, 
Samuel Hohenberger and Iona Meyers, both of Grundy County, Iowa. 
—A, P. Blough, Waterloo, Iowa. 

Hoover-Knight.— By the undersigned, Dec. 3, 1919, at the parsonage, 
Mr. D. Paul Hoover, Saxton, Pa., and Miss Olive M. Knight, of 
Hopewell, Pa.— D. P. Hoover, Johnstown, Pa. 

Huff man-Lea veil. — By the undersigned — the officiating minister — 
at his residence, Dec. 11, 1919, Bro. William E. Huffman, of Osage. 
Sask., Can., and Miss Martha Leavell, of Parker, Ind.— H. A. Collins, 
Parker. Ind. 

Irvin-Mishler.— At the Spring Creek church, Ind., by the under- 
signed, Dec. 14, 1919, Bro. Floyd M. Irvin, of Creston, Ohio, and 
Trude M. Mishler, of Pierccton, Ind.— V. F. Schwalm, North Man- 
chester, Ind. 


" Blessed are the dead which die In the Lord " 

Agee, Sister Sophia, nee Hoston, wife of Bro. Joseph A. Agee, was 
born in 1845, died Dec. 12, 1919, aged 74 years and 7 days. She was 
married in 1871. To this union seven children were born, two of 
whom preceded her in infancy. She united with the church in 1895, 
and lived ever faithful. She was a kind mother and a devoted wife. 
She spent the whole of her life near the place of her birth. The call 
to come home was very sudden, while about her household duties. 
She leaves a husband, four sons, one daughter, and several grand- 
children. Services by the undersigned, assisted by Bro. Samuel 
Crumpacker— B. B. Garber, 1123 Melrose Avenue,, Roanoke, Va. 

Baker, Peter Lloyd, son of Brother Elias and Sister Anna H. Baker, 
died Dec. 12, 1919, aged 36 years and 1 month. Bro. Baker was sick 
only a few days. He leaves his wife and two small children. Serv- 
ices in the Snake Spring Valley church by Elders Mahlon Weaver 
and D. M. Van Horn. Interment in the near by cemetery. — Joseph 
F. Snyder, Everett, Pa. 

Beckner, Mrs. Edwinna, daughter of John and Jane Trimble, born 
in Elkhart County, Ind. Being left an orphan she was later taken 
to the home of her uncle, Elias Hess. In 1866 she married Edmund 
L. Beckner, who preceded her in 1899. To this union were born two 
daughters and one son. She and her husband united with the Church 
of the Brethren in 1874 and remained in that faith. She died Dec. 1, 
1919, aged 70 years, 3 months and I day. She leaves one brother, one 
daughter, seven grandchildren and two great-grandchildren. Services 
at the Walnut church by Bro. Howard Dickey. Interment in the 
near by cemetery. — Helen Mowiser, Tippecanoe, Ind. 

Groff, John Rudolph, born in Canton Berne, Switzerland, died Nov. 
18, 1919, aged 75 years, 3 months and 26 days. At the age of ten 
he and his parents came to America and settled in the State of 
Ohio. He served his country during the Civil War in the 185th Ohio 
Volunteer Infantry. In 1868 he married Matilda Harney, who survives 
with one son. and a brother. He Joined the Brethren church in 1886.— 
Geo. Barnhart, Carterville, Mo. 

Hiints, John M., eldest son of Mr. and Mrs. Luther Hancs, born 
April 3, 1880, died Dec, 2, 1919. In 1901 he married Inei Newcomer. 
To this union were born six daughters and two sons. One daughter 
preceded her father twelve years ago. He leaves his wife and chil- 
dren, mother, four sisters and three brothers. He united with the 
Church of the Brethren early in life, and was a faithful supporter of 
all Christian activities. Services at the home by the writer and 
Bro. C, C. Price.— Wra, Lampin, Polo, III. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 3, 1920 


Landis, Hiel Hamilton, son of Jacob and Hannah Landis, born at 
Flora, Ind,, died at his home near the same place, Dec. 3, 1919, aged 
72 years, 9 months and 12 days. In 1868 he married Mary Jane 
Eikenberry. To this union were born nine children. The wife, three 
sons, two daughters, one brother and one sister survive. Services at 
the church by Bro. I, R. Beery. Burial in Maple Lawn cemetery.— 
Mattie Welty, Flora, Ind. 

Landis, Jacob J., son of Jacob and Polly Landis, died of cancer at 
the home of his daughter, Mrs. Orville Bollinger, Dec. 3, 1919. He was 
horn in Montgomery County, Ohio, Nov. 14, 1848. He married Mary 
Jane Patus. To this union were born six children. He leaves two 
sons, one daughter, five grandchildren, two brothers and five sis- 
ters. Services at the First Brethren church, North Manchester, by 
Rev. Charles Barne— Mrs. Ray Haines, North Manchester, Ind. 

Lelnort, Bro. Daniel, son of Bro. Lewis Leinart, died at his home, 
in the bounds of the Pleasant Hill congregation, Pa., Nov. 28, 1919, 
aged 26 years and 16 days. He" had suffered from tuberculosis for 
several years. Services by Eld. D. B. Hohf, assisted by Bro. H. R. 
Miller. Burial at Pleasant Hill.— Amanda K. Miller, Spring Grove, Pa. 

Lock, Sister Emaline, born near Flora, died at the home of- her sis- 
ter, Martha Ciinc, at the same place, Dec. 4, 1919, aged 76 years, 1 
month and 23 days. She leaves her husband, one brother and three . 
sisters. Services at the church by Bro. I. R. Beery. Burial in 
Moss cemetery.— Mattie Welty, Flora, Ind. 

Miller, Bro. Charles, died Dec. 9, 1919, aged 77 years, 3 months and 
29 days. He married Malcena Emrich in 1865. To this union were 
born nine* children, eight of whom preceded him. Bro. Miller lost 
his wife in 1892 and later married Mrs. Margaret Spcakman who died 
in 1909. To this union was born one sou, who survives. About twen- 
ty-three years ago Bro. Miller united with the Church of the Brethren 
and continued a faithful member of the same. In 1912 he married 
Mrs. Lillian Dalle, who survives. Services from the Charleston 
church by Eld. Oliver Royer, assisted by the writer. Interment in 
the Charleston cemetery.— Lee Patton, Chillicothe, Ohio. 

Ovorstrect, Stephen P., son of Thomas and Pcrmclia Overstreet, 
born in Bedford County, Va., Feb. 2, 1846. At the age of eighteen he 
enlisted in the Civil War and was honorably discharged, after serv- 
ing his country for eighteen months. In 1874 he united with the 
Church of the Brethren. In 1879 he married Miss Mary Mindline. To 
them were born five daughters and one sou. Services at Tippecanoe 
by Bro. T. D. Buttcrbaugh. Interment at Mentone.— Helen Mowiser, 
Tippecanoe, Ind. 

Rinehart, Mary, wife of John S. Rinehart, died at her home in 
Broadway, in the Linvillc Creek congregation, Rockingham County, 
Va., Nov. 30, 1919, aged 72 years, 7 months and 25 days. She leaves 
her husband, one son and six grandchildren. She was a faithful 
member of the church for many years. Services by Eld. D. H. Zigler, 
assisted by Rev. H. W. Shannon and Rev. J. R. Brown.— Catherine 
R, Kline, Broadway, Va. 

Rodabaugh, Viola, nee Curry, wife of Owen Rodabaugh, died at the 
McKittric Hospital, Kenton, Ohio, Dec. 9, 1919, after a brief but 
severe illness. She leaves her husband and four small children. She 
has been a faithful member of tne Church of the Brethren, Eagle 
Creek congregation, for the past fourteen years. Services in the 
Eagle Creek church. Interment in the Dunkirk cemetery. Text, 
Hcb. 11: 16.— Jesse J. Anglcmyer, Williamstown, Ohio. 

Slagle, Sister Ivy, nee Yoder, wife of Mr. Frank Slagle, died of 
tuberculosis at the White Haven Sanatorium, Pa., Dec. 13, 1919, aged 
26 years, 2 months and 20 days. She is survived by her husband, 
her father, a sister, and a little son and daughter. Her mother, two 
sisters and three brothers preceded her in death. She was a member 
of the West Johnstown congregation about ten years. Services at 
the home by Eld. E. M. Detwiler, Interment in Grandview cemetery. 
— Jerome E. Blough, Johnstown, Pa. 

Snowberger, Elias, died in New Paris, Pa., at the home of his 
daughter, Mrs. W. D. Slick, Nov. 24, 1919, aged 80 years, 3 months 
and 14 days. He served eighteen months in the Civil War. Bro. 
Snowberger was a member of the Church of the Brethren for fifty- 
five years. He was elected deacon in 1885, serving until his death. 
He was twice married— first to Sister Margaret Smith and later to 
Sister Ellen Horner, both of whom preceded him. To the first 
union were born seven children, two of whom preceded him. Services 
in the Church of the Brethren by Bro. T. B. Mickel. Interment in 
the Hoover cemetery at Fishertown.— Carrie V. Smith, Springhopc, Pa. 

Ulery, Daniel, died Dec. 13, 1919, aged 66 years, 11 months and 22 
days. When about seventeen years of age he united with the Church 
of the Brethren, was elected to the deacon's office in 1877, to the 
ministry in 18S1, and ordained in 1913. In 1874 he married Susan 
Ulery. To this union five children were born. His wife and three 
daughters survive. Services at the Romine church by the under- 
signed. Burial in cemetery near by.— Urias Blough, Salem, 111. 


General Mission Board.— H. C. Early, Chairman, Penn Laird, Va.; 
Otho Winger, Vice-Chairman, North Manchester, Ind.; J. J. Yoder, 
McPherson, Kans.; A. P. Blough, 1315 Grant Ave., Waterloo, Iowa; 
Chas. D, Bonsack, New Windsor, Md.; Life Advisory Member, D, L. 
Miller, Mt. Morris, III. Secretary-Treasurer for the Board, J. H. B. 
Williams, Elgin, 111. 

General Sunday School Board.— H. E. Ober, Chairman, Elizabeth- 
town, Pa.: C. S. Ikenberry, Vice-Chairman, Daleville, Va.; Jas. M. 
Mohler, Treasurer, Leeton, Mo.; Ezra Flory, 3446 Van Buren St., 
Chicago; J. W. Cline, 1823 S. Bronson Ave.. Los Angeles, Calif. Sec- 
retary for the Board, J. E. Miller, Elgin, 111, 

General Educational Board.— D. W. Kurtz, President, McPherson, 
Kans.; D. M. Garver, Vice-President, Trotwood, Ohio: D. C. Reber, 
Secretary-Treasurer, North Manchester, Ind.; J. S. Flory, Bridge- 
water, Va.; J. W. Lear, 3435 W. Van Buren Street, Chicago, 111. As- 
sistant Secretary for the Board, II. Spenser Minnich, Elgin, III. 

General Christian Workers' Board.— I, V. Fuuderburgh, Chairman, 
La Verne, Calif.; Eva Lichty Whisler, Vice-Chairman, Milledgeville, 
III.; A. B. Miller, Secretary-Treasurer, Bridgewater, Va. Acting Sec- 
retary for the Board, J. E. Miller, Elgin, 111. 

Temperance and Purity Committee. — P, J. Blough, Chairman, 735 
Grove Ave., Johnstown, Pa.; A. J. Culler, Secretary, McPherson, 
Kans.; J. Carson Miller, Treasurer, Moores Store, Va. 

Peace Committee.— W. J. Swigart, Chairman, Huntingdon, Pa.; A. 

C. Wieand, Secretary, 3435 Von Buren St., Chicago; Jacob Funk, 
Treasurer, Wiley, Colo. 

Homeless Children Committee.— Frank Fisher, President, Mexico, 
Ind.; P. S. Thomas, Secretary. Harrisonburg, Va.; E. E. John, Treas- 
urer, McPherson, Kans. Advisory Member, Geo. C. Carl, 1125 Albina 
Ave., Portland, Ore. Advisory Members from Sisters' Aid Society: 
Rachel A. Ulery. Timberville. Va.; Ida M. Winger, North Manchester, 
Ind.; Mrs. John L. Kuns, McPherson, Kans.; Grace Hileman Miller, 
La Verne, Calif. 

Dress Reform Committee.— E. M. Studebaker, Chairman, McPherson, 
Kans.; J. J. John, Vice-Chairman, New Windsor, Md.; Lydia E. Tay- 
lor, Secretary- Treasurer, Mt. Morris, 111.; Eva Trostle, 3435 Van Buren 
St., Chicago; Mary Polk Ellenberger, R. D. 1, Skidmore, Mo. 

Tract Examining Committee.— T. T. Myers, Chairman, Huntingdon, 
Pa.; Edgar Rothrock, Secretary, Holmesville, Ncbr.; E. B. Hoff, May- 
wood, 111.; Jas. M. Moore, Lanark, 111.; J. P. Dickey, La Verne, Calif. 

Music Committee.— Cora M, Stahly, Chairman, North Manchester, 
Ind.; B. F. Wampler. Secretary, Mt. Morris, 111.; J. B. Miller, Treas- 
urer, Curryville, Pa. 

Central Service Committee.— W. J. Swigart, Chairman, Huntingdon, 
Pa.; J. M. Henry, Secretary, 337 N. Carolina Ave., S. E., Washington, 

D. C.j I. W. Taylor, Elizabethtown, Pa. Advisory Member, Chas. D. 
Bonsack, New Windsor, Md. 

Relief and Reconstruction Committee.— J. E. Miller, Chairman, 
Elgin, III.; J. H. B. Williams, Secretary-Treasurer, Elgin, III.; H. 
Spenser Minnich, Elgin, 111. 

OfBoera of Sisters' Aid Society.— Mrs. M. C. Swigart, President, 6611 
?f/ n m £*\V\ n Ave. Philadelphia, Pa.; Mrs. O. L. Shaw, Vice-President, 
1249 E. 13th St., Des Moines, Iowa; Mrs. S. L. Whisler, Secretary- 
Treasurer, Milledgeville, HI. 

General Railway Transportation Agent.— P. S. Miller, Roanoke, Va. 
Annual Meeting Treasurer.— J. B. Deeter, West Milton, Ohio. 

, pia aa ax rax icia c^^ *aaeE36e9t x»x*x^ 

Special Lesson Helps for 1920 

The Sunday-school teacher has an important 
work to do. Every teacher needs help and should t 
have the hest that can be gotten. Make your selec- 
tion from the following: 

The Teachers* Monthly 

The Monthly gives a complete and varied discus- 
sion of the Sunday-school lessons. Experts con- 
duct departments adapting the uniform lessons to 
the needs of the teachers in all divisions of the 

Every superintendent in the interest of better 
teaching should see that each teacher gets a copy 
of the Monthly. 

Every teacher should ask for a copy of the Teach- 
ers' Monthly. 

Every school should gladly furnish its teachers 
with this inexpensive but practical help. 

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Thoughts for Daily 

Size of Calendar 9%xle% Inches 

The Scripture Text Calendar for 1920 is the very 
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The twelve four-colored illustrations— one on 
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The International Sunday School Lesson Title 
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the Scripture Calendar is Ropp's 200 year calendar, 
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This calendar has proven a wonderful seller 
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Prices — 

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^3 M 0K^0 > S i «0C < ) 0a 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 3, 1920 


Official Orpan of the Church of ttio Brethren 

Published weekly by Brethren Publishing House, R. E. Arnold, Gen- 
eral Manager, !6 to 34 S. State St., Elgin. 111., at S-'.OO per annum, in 
advance. (Canada subscriptions fifty cents ixtra.) 

Entered at the PostofBce nt Elgin. 111., as Second-class Matter, 
Acceptance for mailing m spe<.'i.'il r:He of post aire provided for tTJ 
section 1103, Act of October 3. 1917, authorised August JO, 1918. 

Notes From Our Correspondents 

(Continued from Page 13) 
Dec, 3 we held our regular members' meeting, at which time we 
elected officers for the coming year, with Brethren Harry Royer and 
Ora Stover superintendents, and Eld. John M. Stover, overseer. Four 
letters were granted.— Anna Conway, Bradford, Ohio, Dec, 20. 

Ft. McKinley,— Dec 10 we met in council. In the absence of our 
elder, Bro. A. L, Hepinger presided. Two letters were granted and 
officers for the new year were chosen: Bro. W. H. Holler, Snnday- 
school superintendent; Bro. Geo. Mumma, clerk. We have a very 
good outlook for beginning a teacher- training class at the opening 
of the new year. Our cottage prayer meetings have continued for 
nearly a year and are very inspiring.-^llive Beck, Dayton, Ohio, 
Dec IS. 

lima church met in council Dec. 9, with Eld. G. A, Snider presid- 
ing. Bro. Snider was retained as elder for another year. Bro, 
Swaira was chosen clerk; Bro. Early, trustee; Sister Working, Sun- 
day-school superintendent; Bro. Blickenstaff, president of Christian 
Workers. Four letters were received.— Mary E. Roberts, Lima, Ohio, 
Dec. 18. 

Middle District church met in council Dec. 11. Elders Coppock and 
Flora, of West Charleston, and Blessing and Minnich, of West Milton, 
were present- Bro. Jesse Coy was reelected Snnday-sehool superin- 
tendent. Bro. Chas. Roberts was called to the deacon's office, and, 
with his wife, duly installed— Eld. Jacob Coppock presiding. Bro. J. 
P. Miller was chosen elder for the coming year; the writer, church 
clerk and correspondent. We expect to begin our series of meetings 
Jan. 11.— Glenn Miller, Tippecanoe City, Ohio, Dec. 17. 

Big Cr;tk church met in council Dec. 11, with Eld. Meek presiding. 
Five letters were granted and one was received, Officers for the year 
were elected, with the writer as Sunday-school superintendent and 
correspondent; Bro. Oliver Fillmore, Christian Worker president; 
Oma Holderread, "Messenger" agent. The Sunday-school is prepar- 
ing a Christmas program. We are glad to welcome Bro. S. G. Burnett 
and wife, of Bethany, among us. They expect to make this their 
future home. Bro. Ralph Holsinger returned last week from service 
in the army— the last one of our brethren to be discharged.— Nellie 
B. Kimie, Ripley, Okla., Dec 22. 

Myrtle Point church me 
election of officers. Bro. C 
ensuing year; Sister Minnii 
Bro. E. J. Michael, prestd. 
church offices were filled. 


; in yearly business session Dec. 6 for 
H. Barklow was reelected elder for the 
Hermann, Sunday-school superintendent; 

nt of the Christian Workers. All other 
letters have 

granted and one received. Bro. Geo. Mishler and son, Amos, 
been here for an over Sunday visit. Bro. Mishler gave us two 
good inspiring sermons. We expect Bro. S. F. Sanger, District evan- 
gelist, to be with us soon, to begin a series of meetings.— Rachel 
Michael, Myrtle Point, Oregon, Dec. 17. 


Akron church will open a series of meetings, beginning Jan. 10, 
continuing for several weeks, to be conducted by Bro. W. G. Group, 
of Berlin. Sunday afternoon, Jan. 11, a temperance and missionary 
program will be rendered, at which time an address will be given. — 
David H. Snader, Jr., Akron. Pa., Dec. 22. 

Altoona church recently closed a most helpful and interesting re- 
vival service, conducted by Bro. Geo. W. Flory, of Covington, Ohio, 
beginning Nov. 20 and continuing for three weeks. Forty-eight have 
been baptized. Our love feast was held Dec. 14. The attendance was 
good and all enjoyed a spiritual feast together. Our church is grow- 
.nticipate a good year of helpful and aggres- 

school hou 

church work. — Sad: 
M- Run Mission.— Dec. 2 
, sixteen or eighi 
en accepted Christ 

, Alto< 

, Pa., Dec. 23. 

thirteen years— formerly i 

we began meetings at the Bear Run 
:en miles' southeast of Connellsville, 
i eight of whom have been baptized, 
rvices in the schoolhouse, with tight- 
- Run has been a mission station for 
le care of Indian Creek con- 
gregation, now cared for by the Connellsville Mission. An Ever- 
green Sunday-school is being maintained at this place now. Bro. 
Irwin R. Pletcher, who is pastor at Connellsville, had charge of the 
meetings and officiated at the love feast services.— Sadie G. Pletcher, 
Connellsville, Pa., Dec. 22. 

. Big Swatara congregation held an enjoyable love feast Oct. 30 and 
31. We were much pleased to have with us Brethren Samuel Zug 
and Hiram Gibble, who officiated. Thanksgiving services were held 
at the Hoernerstown house Nov. 27, and our home ministers preached 
(or us. Dec. 14 we closed a two weeks' series of meetings at East 
Hanover. Bro. Nathan Eshelman, of the West Greentree congrega- 
tion, assisted. There were no visible results, yet it was a season 
of refreshing for all. Dec. 8 the church met in council, with Eld. 
J. H. Wilmer presiding. The membership was well represented. 
One certificate was granted and superintendents were appointed for 
the coming year: Hanoverdate, Nathan Basehore; Paxton, Geo. Fry- 
singer; East Hanover, Michael Bell.— Ulysses L. Gingrich, Palmyra, 
Pa., Dec. 22. 

East Fair-view.— We observed our love feast Nov. 18 and 19, with 
Eld. J. H. Longenecker, of Palmyra, officiating. Dec. S the church 
met in council, with Eld. S. B. Fahnestock presiding. The writer 
was reelected Sunday-school superintendent. The church decided to 
have a Sunday-school advisory committee, to consist of the elder 
in charge, one minister and a lay member. Nov. 29 we opened a 
series ot meetings, with Eld. H. B. Yoder, of Lancaster, evangelist. 
Three young people confessed Christ, and the congregation in general 
was encouraged and strengthened. Our Thanksgiving sermon was 
preached by the home ministers, after which an offering was lifted 
in behalf ol the orphanage at Neffsville. After Jan, 1 our services 
will all be held in the Fairview house, which is about in the center 
of the congregation, making no point more than three miles from the 
church.— H. A. Merkey, Manheim, Pa., Dec. 20. 

Germantown.— Dec. 7 Bro. Garman, (ram the Upper Dublin church, 
gave us a Spirit-filled sermon on the subject: " Ye are the salt of 
the earth." Dec. 21 the Intermediate Endeavor and Christian Work- 
ers' Meeting held a combined meeting, led by Sister Grace Wagner 
of the Intermediates. This was a service helpful to both young and 
old. Dec. 16 the District Mission Board held a meeting, when plans 
were started to build a church in Wilmington, Delaware, a new 
mission place in our District. The Women's Bible Class of the Ger- 
mantown church has asked permission to furnish the pulpit chairs 
and the Bible, when the building is ready for it.— Mrs. M. C. Swigart, 
Philadelphia, Pa., Dec. 22. 

Myers town.— Eld. John C. Zug, of Palmyra, was with us in a two 
weeks' series of meetings at the Tulpehockcn house, closing Dec. 14. 
His sermons were helpful and inspiring. Dec 6 we held our council, 
with Eld. John Herr presiding. One certificate was received and one 
was granted to Eld. Wm. Oberholtzer who expects to spend some time 
in Florida. Officers for the following year were elected for the Sun- 
-iay school and Sisters' Aid Society. Bro. Iram Lentz was elected 
on the Missionary Committee.— Alice B. Royer, Myerstown, Pa- 
Dec. 19. ' 

Philadelphia (First Church).— At the close of our prayer meeting, 
Nov. 26, one was baptized. The Sisters' Aid Society presented the 
church with a Christian Service Flag and Nov. 30 we held a special 
service. Five red crosses on the flag represent those who have been 
called into special Christian service by our church. We were glad 
to have three present, namely. Brethren W. S. Irwin, H. K. Garman 
and T. S. Fretz. Bro. Irwin is supplying various pulpits. Bro. Fret* 
is superintendent of the Christian Workers' Union in our city, and 
Bro. Garman is pastor of the Upper Dublin church. Each gave strong 
and effective talks, impressing the need of greater devotion and 
service.— Mrs. Wm. H. B. SchncII, Philadelphia, Pa., Dec. 20. 

Red Bank church met in council Dec. 20, with the pastor, Bro. 
Schue, presiding. Officers for next year were elected, with Bro. 
Frank Brocious, Sunday-school superintendent; the writer, church 
clerk and corresponding secretary. Nov. 16 wo had with us a dep- 
utation from Juniata College. They gave a good program, which 
was appreciated. Thanksgiving we met with the two churches in a 
near by town in a union service. Dec. 12-14 we had Bro. Galen B. 
Royer, of Huntingdon, Pa., with us to hold a Bible Institute. Al- 
though the weather conditions were not favorable, the attendance 
was good and every session was interesting and helpful. We have 
put a neat little shelf at the door of the audience room, which is kept 
supplied with tracts where people can help themselves. We have been 
holding cottage prayer meeting every Tuesday evening at three dif- 
ferent points in our community, which gives cvarybody an oppor- 
tunity to attend. Dec. 21 it was our pleasure to have with us Bro. 
J. E. Malott, of New Windsor, Md. Sunday morning he gave a 
splendid talk on "The Past, Present and Future of the Brethren 
Church."— Narcissa Ferguson, New Bethlehem, Pa„ Dec 22. 

Upper Conewago. — The series of revival meetings, in progress for 
two weeks in the East Berlin house, closed Dec. 14. Bro. Rufus 
Bucher, of Quarryville, Pa., was the evangelist, and all his sermons 
were very spiritual and upifttng. Considering the very inclement 
weather and bad roads, the attendance and interest were good. Three 
were baptized. Dec. 20 we met in council at East Berlin, with Eld. 
C. L. Baker in charge. We decided to hold our spring love feast 
at the Mummert house May 22 and 23, and our fall love feast at the 
Latimore house Oct. 16 and 17. One letter was granted. The treasurer 
of the missionary and benevolent fund reported that our church and 
Sunday-school, during the past year, gave a total of $1,664.94. The 
writer was reelected Sunday-school superintendent for East Berlin, 
and other officers were also chosen,— Andrew Bowser, East Berlin, 
Pa., Dec. 21. 

West Johnstown. — Sunday evening, Nov. 16, our Temperance Com- 
mittee gave its quarterly program, at which the address was given 
by Bro. A. Brown Miller, of Juniata College. It was much appreciated. 
The following Sunday evening Eld. J. M. Blough favored us with a 
splendid sermon. Union Thanksgiving services for the Eighth Ward 
of our city were held on Thanksgiving evening in our church— the 
sermon being preached by Rev. T. J. Barlett, of the United Evan- 
gelical church. The offering was given to the Christian home of our 
ward. At the quarterly missionary program, given by our missionary 
committee on Sunday evening, Dec. 7, Sister Elizabeth Rosenberger 
Blough gave the main address. Bro. Detwiler gave a short biography 
of William Carey. A full corps of Sunday-school officers was elected 
for next year, with Bro. J. C. W. Beam, superintendent. A Christmas 
program is now being prepared. — Jerome E. Blough, 1309 Franklin 
Street, Johnstown, Pa., Dec 16. 


New Hope. — Nov. 27 we met in a Thanksgiving service. We were 
glad to have with us Bro. C. B. Miller, of Campobello, S. C, who 
remained until Dec. 1. During that time he gave us five interest- 
ing and instructive discourses. A Thanksgiving offering of $20 was 
taken for home missions. We met in council Dec. 13, with Eld. J. B. 
Hilbert as moderator. Officers were elected for the coming year, with 
Bro. J. B. Hilbert, Sunday-school superintendent; the writer, church 
correspondent. We decided to begin a series of meetings in the near 
fnture. — Mary Hilbert, Jonesboro, Tenn., Dec, 15. 


Elk Run.— Our Thanksgiving services of Nov. 27 were conducted 
by Eld. W. H. Zigler. An active interest was manifested in these 
services. An interesting and appreciative letter was read from Sister 
Sara Zigler Myers, who recently left us, and is now in the China 
mission field. An offering was taken to aid in her support. Dec. 13 
we met in council, with Eld. W. H. Zigler presiding. Officers were 
appointed for the next year: D. H. Smith, secretary and " Messenger " 
agent; the writer, correspondent; Enoch Smith, Sunday-school su- 
perintendent. Arrangements have been made for Bro. Minor C. 
Miller, Field Director of the Religious Board of Education, to meet 
with us Dec. 30, for the purpose of creating a greater interest in the 
work of the Sunday-school. Our congregation now numbers 269, with 
two elders, two aged ministers, three active ministers— one recently 
called— and eight deacons. Dec. 14 members of the Volunteer Mission 
Band, of Bridgewater College, rendered an instructive and much ap- 
preciated program. — Zada E. Collins, Churchville, Va. 

Linville Creek church met in council Nov. 29, with Eld. D. H. Zigler 
presiding. The meeting was called several weeks early to close up 
the work for the year before Brother and Sistsr Zigler depart for 
Sebring, Fla., to spend the winter. The Sunday-school superintend- 
ents were reappointed; Bro. J. S. Wampler for Linville Creek and 
Bro. Noah F. Kline for Cedar Run. Jos. Kagey was reappointed presi- 
dent of the Christian Workers' Society. We decided to hold a scries 
of meetings at the Linville Creek house sometime in August, 1920. 
Sister Frances Humbert was chosen church correspondent.— Cather- 
ine R. Kline, Broadway, Va., Dec. 18. 

Troutvilie.— A two weeks' revival at tbe Trinity churchhouse, con- 
ducted by our pastor, Bro. W. M. Kahle, closed Dec. 7. Bro. Kahle 
preached fourteen excellent and uplifting sermons. Two accessions 
were made to the church. Dec. 13 we met in council at Troutvilie, 
with Eld. Jonas Graybill presiding. Two letters were granted. Bro. 
■A. M. Skaggs and wife were installed in the deacon's office. Church 
officers were elected for the coming year: Jonas Graybill and C. D. 
Hylton, elders; W. M. Kahle, pastor; J. W. Layman, clerk; Rachel 
Roop Layman, "Messenger" correspondent; Mission Circle presi- 
dent, Carl Kinzie; Mrs. A. M. Skaggs, " Messenger " agent. Trinity 
Sunday-school reorganized Dec. 14, with C. D. Reed superintendent.— 
Rachel Roop Layman, Troutvilie, Va., Dec. 18, 


Richland Valley.— Oct. 5 Bro. J. E. Jarboe, of Chicago, hegan a 
series of meetings, which was a real revival. Twenty-five inspiring 
sermons were preached. The attendance and interest were good and 
the members were, encouraged and strengthened. Forty-four came 
forward during the meeting; forty of this number have been baptized. 
Our membership was more than doubled. Oct. 25 we enjoyed a spirit- 
ual communion service. A number of visiting members were present. 
Brethren Jarboe and Eby officiated.— Rosa A. Adington, Ajlune, Wash , 
Dec. 20. 


Pleasant View.— Thanksgiving Day Bro. E. L. Clower delivered a 
good message. The offering of $24.51 was lifted for the Hastings 
Street Mission, Chicago. Dec. 13 we met in council, with Eld. J. 
S. Zigler presiding. Officers for the new year were elected: Brethren 
Thos. Jones and Eldridge Shawkey, Sunday-school superintendents: 
Bro. J. H. Wells, Publishing House agent; the writer, church cor- 
respondent. Three letters were granted and a brother reclaimed. We 
decided to use the Sower envelope system. Quite a number of our 
members are giving one-tenth. Bro. S. H. Flory, of Nokesville, Va., 
is to hold our next series of meetings, beginning the last of August, 
1920. We are expecting Sister Elsie Shickel in a few days to encour- 
age the young people to take advantage of the training school at 
Daleville College for more efficient teaching.— Leila S. Zigler Favette- 
ville, W. Va., Dec. 17. 


Chippewa Valley church met in council Dec. 6, with Bro, C. L. 
Salsbury presiding. Bro. Salsbury was reelected Sunday-school su- 
perintendent; Bro. Howard Peden, president of the Christian Work- 
ers' Society; the writer, "Messenger" agent.— John Cripe, Mondovi 
Wis., Dec. 27. 

History and Doctrines 

of the 

Church of the Brethren 

Written by Otho Winger 

Dedicated to Peter Becker 
Introduction by H. C. Early 

Fifteen chapters giving a comprehensive history of the 
church, including its missions, educational institutions, 
Sunday Schools, Annual Meetings, together with a sur- 
vey of its doctrines, ordinances, polity, Christian life and 
worship. "It gives me pleasure to recommend it. Every 
member of the church ought to read it." — H. C. Early. 

Price postpaid, $2,00. Address 


North Manchester, -Ind. 

x-;-:-:-:--;-:-:-:-:^;-:-{-;-:-:-;-;-: r !-;-: 7 : T ; r : : ; : ; T ;,: T : T ; r ; T : T ;-; 7 ; T HT;: 


is being ordered in lots of a dozen or more by 
many churches. The book is especially useful, 
and may be even used as a text book for class 

As a manual for new converts Studies in 
Doctrine and Devotion will be found to be just 
what has long been needed. The book was es- 
pecially prepared with the needs of new con- 
verts in mind, and churches holding revivals 
could not do better than put a copy of this 
book in the hands of every new convert. A 
handy sized cloth bound book of 40 chapters 
and 299 pages. Price per copy, 50c. * 

Elgin, IU. 


January to July, 1920 

These are printed in Booklet form and have 
some suggestions that will help make the 
meeting a success. They may be ordered at 
any time during the six month period. Be sure 
to get enough. 

Prices as follows: 

For fewer than 25 copies, each, $ .04 

For 25 copies, 75 

For 50 copies, 1.25 

For 100 copies, 2.00 

We also publish Topic cards for Junior and 
Intermediate Christian Worker Societies. If 
you haven't organized a Junior or Intermedi- 
ate society in your church, try it during the 
year 1920. 

Price of the Cards as follows: 

For 10 cards or less than 100, each, $ .01 
For 100 cards, .75 

Send your order to 

Elgin, IU. 

Pocket Lesson Commentary 

By E. W. Thornton 

A vest pocket commentary by a man that knows 
how to write. While this commentary is compara- 
tively new, each added volume has met with a very 
encouraging response. It gives the lesson text, 
daily readings, comments, and questions for re- 
search and discussion. Cloth, 30c, postpaid. 


The Gospel Messenger 

" Thfs gospel of the Kingdom shall be preached 
in the whole world,"— Matt. 24s 14. 

"THY KINGDOM COME"— Mai. 6 : io; Luk. 11 = 

Vol. 69 

Elgin, 111., January 10, 1920 

"Till we all attain unto 
fulness of Christ."— Eph. 

the stature of the 

No. 2 

In This Number 

Conviction and Tolerance, '..,', * . . .17 

When Your Pupils Will Not Learn 17 

"Awake, Awake, Put On Thy Strength, O Zion," , ....17 

Line Up and Fight, ., ,..,., ..17 

The Quiet Hour 23 

Among the Churches, 24 

Around the World 25 

Contributors' Forum— 

The Commonplace (Poem), 18 

Present Status of. Education in the Church of the Brethren. 

By D. W. Kurtz, 18 

Our Father's Best. By George W. Tuttle, rT 18 

How Christ Is Formed in Us. By S. Z. Sharp, 18 

"All Things to All Men." By Olive A. Smith, 19 

The Fullness of Christ. By A. I. Mow 19 

On Which Side of the Mountain Do You Live? By C. S. Iken- 

bcrry, ^ 20 

Honesty. By Warren Slabaugh .....20 

The Round Table- 
Two Coats. By Julia Graydon, 22 

Asleep in Gcthsemane. By Eleanor J. Brumbaugh, 22 

The Summum Bonum. By Eliza Pope Van Dyne 22 

Do You Want Them? By Daisy M. Moore, 22 

Heart Religion. By Ezra Fiory, 22 

Our New Missionaries in China. By Lulu Ullom, v 22 

Home and Family — ■ 

Life (Poem). By Myra Brooks Welch, 26 

The Unlit Lamp. By Elizabeth Rosenberger Blough 26 

The "Hurty" Kind. By Oma Karn, 26 

"Awake, Awake, Put On Thy Strength, O Zion" 


Conviction and Tolerance 

One of the most constant and most difficult prob- 
lems of Christian experience is that of " reconciling 
conviction and tolerance." This was the one that 
bothered that " Son of Thunder " who forbade the 
man who was casting out demons in the name of Jesus. 
Only it did not bother him much. He promptly settled 
it by refusing to be tolerant. He told the other man to 

Well, it is rather a nice point, isn't it ? Why should 
you and I be tolerant of those who will not accept the 
whole truth? 

Because you and I and the other folks are all human, 
subject to the limitations of vision which are so com- 
mon to mortals. And because, therefore, there is a 
bare possibility that you and I may be a little off, too, 
in some respects. And because the correction of errors 
and discernment of the whole truth proceeds fastest 
when earnestness of individual conviction is combined 
with tolerance for all who love the truth and seek it in 

Yes, it is a little hard sometimes to believe with all 
your might what you believe and feel kindly toward 
those who believe differently. But few spiritual 
achievements are of greater worth than -this. 

When Your Pupils Will Not Learn 

In that series of studies we had lately, in the train- 
ing of Peter and John, did you note that the most effec- 
tive influence in this training was the personality of 
the Teacher? This is what held them fast when he 
gave them hard lessons, when he told them things 
which their minds could not accept as true. They 
could baffle his efforts to make them understand his 
mission, but they could not entirely resist the impress 
of his Spirit upon theirs. 

Here is a valuable hint for all teachers. It may be 
needful, sometimes, for you to teach unwelcome truth 

truth so unwelcome that your pupils simply will not 
have it. Do not despair. Just live the lesson into 
them. Make it impossible for them to doubt that your 
■own soul is fed with heavenly manna. By and by the 
'arger truth will filter through the shell of prejudice. 
Your deeper insight and unfailing patience will be 
understood, and those whom you led into the fuller 
light will love you all the more. 

Perhaps it did not interest you— that little glimpse, 
a few weeks ago, into the background of the prophet's 
call to Zion to awake and put on her strength. I am 
sorry, if that is so, for in that case you are not likely 
to be interested in any similar call to the Zion of today. 
Many things have changed since those words were 
spoken, but the principles of spiritual achievement 
have not. 

In fact, I can hardly think of anything that would 
be more helpful in facing the tasks'of the church to- 
day than a firm grip on those wonderful messages of 
the Old Testament prophets. And not one of them is 
more wonderful or more pertinent to present needs 
than the one which embodies this ringing call to sleepy 
Zion. I am sure that no one can really see the situa- 
tion which is reflected in Isaiah forty to fifty-five with- 
out seeing also that the problem of those chapters is 
the problem of Christianity today. That has always 
been the real, the ultimate, problem in any crisis. It 
is the problem of awakening the professed representa- 
tives of righteousness to a vision of. the possibilities 
before them. It is the problem of persuading them to* 
put on their strength. 

God's prophets have always had an uphill road to 
travel. The greatest obstacle in their path has always 
been the want of faith on the part of their brethren. 
Outside difficulties have been tremendous, sometimes. 
At least they looked that way. But the biggest diffi- 
culty has always been the tempting voice which says: 
" You're taking too much upon yourselves. It can't 
be done. Why waste effort on the impossible? God 
does not ask you to do that." The hardest job has al- 
ways been to get the people of God to see the strength 
at their disposal and to induce them to put it on. It is 
the only real hindrance now in the extension of the 

No sane person would make light of the exceedingly 
troublous conditions in the world today. Neither 
would any but cowards or traitors be ready to throw 
up the sponge on that account. Certainly not any one 
who pretends to believe in the God that Jesus Christ 
revealed. God is still in his heaven, even if all is not 
right with the world. The reason it is not more nearly 
right is that the church has so far failed to put on her 
strength. When she does that, conditions will get 

Some lime ago a brother sent us for publication an 
article against foreign missions. Yes, it was against 
foreign missions good and hard. Among other strong 
points it dwelt on the sinful waste of time and money 
involved in learning a foreign language when there are 
plenty of people to preach to at home whose language 
you already know. What do you think of a world.out- 
look like that? The author referred to Paul's saying 
about doing good to all men as ye have opportunity and 
clinched his argument by pointing out that Paul did 
not say we should make more opportunity. I admit I 
was surprised. I did not suppose there was a man 
alive like that any more, among the whole Messenger 
constituency. But an editor never knows what a day 
may bring forth. 

Another brother informs us " that collecting and 
expending extravagant amounts of money is a mark of- 
church apostasy." That is interesting news, but chiefly 
so for the light it throws on the brother's view of the 
responsibility of the church for. world evangelization^ 
He evidently believes in mission work, provided you 
are careful not to overdo it. The Great Commission 
he considers a very good thing, probably, if you do not 
take it too seriously. He does not define " extravagant 

amounts of money." I do not know whether he con- 
siders the amounts collected by the Church of the 
Brethren within the last year for missions and for 
, famine sufferers and for other benevolent purposes as 
" extravagant " or not. But in my opinion the cause 
for which the money is spent would have more bearing 
on the question of " apostasy " than the amount of it. 
And I should incline very strongly to the view that a 
selfish use of money is a surer " mark of church 
apostasy " than " collecting and expending " it, in any 
amounts whatever, in the interest of world evangeli- 

Fortunately such views are not representative of the 
church today. They are surviving remnants of a by- 
gone age. At least, it's mostly bygone. Some of us 
can hardly give up the idea of some easier program 
than a serious effort to Christianize the world. But 
the church, as a whole, is waking up and getting ready 
to put on her stfength. To complete that awakening 
is her first important work. Just as, in the case of 
exiled Zion, the first task of the nation as represented 
in the faithful ones was to convince the nation itself 
that Jehovah had not forsaken his people and that a 
great field of service was still open to them (Isa. 49: 
5, 6, 14), so now it is the first business of the church 
to inspire the whole church with confidence that 
strength to accomplish her mission is ready to her 

That confidence is growing. It is justified. It will 
continue to grow. But some are still asleep. We must 
awaken them. We must tell them that Zion's reserve 
forces are as abundant and mighty today as they ever 
were. We must not be so foolish as to tell them there 
isn't very much to do. or that the opposing forces are 
not powerful. But we must show them that " they 
that are with us are more than they that are with 
Awake, awake, put on thy: strength, O Zion ! 

Line Up and Fight 

Paul was a fighter. He was no disinterested spec- 
tator at the ringside. He could not look upon sin and 
injustice with passive unconcern. He took part He 
threw all his strength into the struggle. He fought. 

Don't you think he was glad to be able to sav at the 
end of his career that he had fought a good fight? 

Toward the end of the ninth chapter of First Co- 
rinthians he discloses one quality of his fighting which 
helped to make it good. When he fought he didn't 
" beat the air." He hit something. He struck- at a real 

Sometimes that was his own body, he says. Once 
hje fought with beasts at Ephesus, whatever they were. 
But he was always fighting. He was a fighter before 
he became a Christian. And he did not stop when he 
became a Christian. He only changed the direction of 
his blows. 

His greatest and hardest battles were with " the cir- 
cumcision," that distortion of the Gospel, that false 
system of Judaized Christianity which threatened to 
undo his missionary work and blind the eyes of his 
converts to the truth. It was a long and hard fight. 
But the victory was worth it. 

With so much error and wrong all around you. how 
can you sit still? How can any lover of truth and 
right be satisfied to keep hands off and say : " It's no 
concern of mine "? 

There is a kind of peace which Jesus did not come 
to bring. Get out your sword. Why. fighting is liv- 
ing. When you quit fighting you commence to die. 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 10, 1920 


The Commonplace 

The smile upon a friendly face 
Holds nothing that is commonplace; 
It's fresh as sunlight and the dew 
And through the years is ever new. 
Though other joys grow cold and stale, 
The charms of friendship never fail. 
Men weary of the world, they cry, 
And I can only wonder why, 
For every rising of the sun 
Brings splendid things to look upon, 
And every day we wake to view 
The least of us is born anew. 
Who wearies of the friendly hand 
That's waved to him across the land? 
Who, when he opens wide his door, 
Does not rejoice- to hear once more 
His neighbor's salutation gay 
At the commencement of the day? 

Who is not glad that he can see 
Day after day the self-same tree? 
Who can not turn his eye on high 
And find new splendors in the sky, 
And who would stamp as commonplace 
The beauty of a loved one's face? 
In all men are, in all they do, 
There is a thrill that's ever new. 
Despite the care and pain of strife 
There's no monotony to life. 
Though nothing new exists, we're told, 
The truth that's there is nothing old. 


Present Status of Education in the Church of 
the Brethren 


Aftes spending a few weeks visiting the colleges in 
the Eastern Division, and being somewhat familiar 
with the conditions in all the other colleges of the 
church, I have been trying to summarize, in my mind, 
as to where we are. It is gratifying to find all our 
colleges improving in, perhaps, every particular. 
There are increased enrollments, higher standards, 
better equipment, and a more adequate realization of 
what a college ought to be. In some schools the in- 
crease of enrollment, which is a great blessing, is also 
an embarrassment. This means added buildings, 
faculty, and equipment to care for the students. Be- 
fore meeting fully the past need, new problems are 
forced upon the schools. This fact is not to he lament- 
ed, but to be accepted and solved. There is no better 
sign in the church than a healthy growth that taxes us 
to the limit, to keep up with. 

It is becoming increasingly clear to the leaders of 
the church that there can be no large advancement of 
the church and her missions, without efficient, trained, 
consecrated leadership. This leadership must be 
trained in our own colleges. The needs, at present, 
are far greater than the colleges can supply. Every 
college president receives many times as many calls for 
pastors, teachers and missionaries as he can supply. 
Why is there such a lack of trained leadership ? 
Largely, because the church began fifty years too late 
jn the business of Christian education. It is the fault 
of the last generation or more, that did not see the 
vision, and that, sincerely but mistakenly, opposed the 
very movement which alone can save us. Without 
efficient leadership there can be no real progress. 

Another inheritance from the past is the wrong 
philosophy of education. Too many people think only 
of " making a living " instead of " living a life." They 
can make a living without going to college. But they 
need to know that education is for service, for the 
common good, for the Kingdom of God, for democ- 
racy, humanity and the wellbeing of men, women and 

The old argument, " Go to college so you can draw 
a bigger salary and make your living more easily," js 
too selfish. Education is a religious and moral obliga- 
tion. It is the biggest task of the race. Christian edu- 
cation is the highest duty of man. 

The colleges need, just now, a more enlightened and 
loyal support. The church must quit playing on the 
job and take seriously this supreme task. Many of 

these colleges need, within the next five years, a half 
million dollars for added endowment and equipment. 
McPherson College has nearly five hundred and fifty 
students. To meet the needs of the next five years 
requires a million dollars. 

Our colleges must be standardized. This means; 

First.; A faculty that is standard, each one having 
at least an M. A. degree from a recognized university. 
And also a faculty that has the same spirit of loyalty 
to the cause of Christian education as the missionary 
who goes to India or China. We have many such 
now, but not enough. The colleges of the church need, 
this coming year at least, twenty-five new professors 
who meet these ideals. They must have the intellectual 
training to meet standardization. They must be loyal 
Christians, with a whole-hearted devotion to the cause 
that makes them willing to sacrifice and cooperate in 
the building up of our institutions, and they must be 
able* to teach. The time is at hand when our young 
people must dedicate their talents to teach in our col- 
leges, and make the necessary preparation for it. It is 
just as necessary to have a loyal Christian teach sci- 
ence as to teach the Bible, and it is just as effective 
for the cause of the Kingdom. Of course, no one can 
teach the Bible properly unless he is a reverent Chris- 
tian, but it is also true that no one but a reverent 
Christian can teach science to the glory of God. 
Nearly all the textbooks in biology, psychology, soci- 
ology and econbmics, as well as of physics and chemis- 
try, are written from the mechanistic or materialistic 
point of view. It requires a teacher of faith and with 
a Christian character to teach these subjects so as not 
to break down the faith of the students. It is a holy 
calling for our brilliant young men and women to pre- 
.pare themselves to meet these needs. The Educational 
Boar'd should have all the names and addresses of the 
members of the church who are now in the universities, 
preparing themselves to teach. The Board will gladly 
put our colleges in touch with them. 

Second: Standardization of our colleges requires a 
great deal more money than they have, to procure the 
buildings, equipment and endowment that spell effi- 
ciency. The minimum endowment must be $200,000, 
paid up ; but the efficient college must have twice that 
amount. Most of our colleges need new dormitories 
and class-room facilities to care for the increasing en- 
rollments. These increased enrollments are our hope 
and joy. But it requires more funds to provide for 
their care. The church should get the vision and de- 
termination at once to raise, in the next five years, no 
less than five million dollars for our colleges alone. 
This amount is really needed. 

Third: The efficient college needs college students 
in sufficient numbers so that the classes are large 
enough to be interesting. College spirit is a real part 
of college life, and a healthy college spirit depends 
upon numbers to a certain extent. But far more than 
this is the need for more loyalty of our young people, 
to our own colleges. This depends largely upon the 
parents and pastors. It is the conviction of the writer 
that, up to the present, a very small per cent of our 
pastors and elders are on the job of directing our 
young people to the Brethren colleges. The field men 
find very few ministers that have actually preached to, 
spoken to, or urged our young people to attend the col- 
leges of the church. 

Fourth: The academies are not diminishing, as was 
thought they would, with the growing of the high 
school. The facts seem to be that our academies are 
serving a very big purpose. It has been noticed in 
other churches that since they dropped their academies, 
their ministerial and missionary volunteers have also 
dropped off. Many of our church workers make the 
great decision in the academy. If these same students 
were in the public high school, without a Christian 
atmosphere, they might not make this decision. The 
' future academies of our institutions should be stand- 
ardized, and the teachers should be the strongest and 
most pronounced in Christian leadership. This field is 
very important and exceedingly fruitful. Many peo- 
ple say, " The high school is just as good." It may be 
for mathematics and learning, but it is not as good for 
Christian education. As a matter of fact, some of our 
academies have a teaching force so far superior to any 

high school that they are not in the same class at all. 
The vital thing is the view of life, the ideals, the per- 
sonalities which are held up before the pupils. The 
academies of the church have a vital place and they 
need to be strengthened and supported. 

The present situation of the colleges is altogether 
hopeful and encouraging. But the opportunity for a 
great increase of efficiency is upon us, and opportunity 
spells responsibility. The Kingdom of God 'needs 
trained men of God, The colleges can not meet this 
need unless the Forward Movement in our colleges is 
taken seriously by the church, and unless the necessary 
funds, students and teachers are devoted to the cause. 
There can be no permanent advance in Democracy and 
the Kingdom of God unless the needs of the colleges 
are met at once. 

McPherson, Kansas. 

Our Father's Best 


What a difference between our best and God's best ! 
Our best seems such a starved, drouth-shrunken stream 
to turn toward God. But listen to the parable of the 
brook : " It -was only a little brook that leaped 
down the mountain-side, and bubbled merrily as it ran, 
and then flowed peacefully through the meadows, but 
when the river gathered it into its bosom, it became a 
part,of the great river's resistless power." It is even 
so with our little streams that meet the great river of 
our God. 
"His completeness flows around our incompleteness, 

'Round our restlessness, his rest." 

O the untold riches that flow back to the Christian 
who gives his best to God — his best of thought, word, 
time, service! Then it is that life becomes worth 
while. When God gives his best, efforts cease to be 
fruitless, or days joyless. We become " workers to- 
gether with God." Ah, but our little becomes great 
when God breathes upon it! It becomes luminous 
when God shines upon it ! 

And our Father's best is sure to come back to us 
when we give our best to him. He takes no delight in 
withholding. Moody once said: "What would you 
think of a man who had a million dollars in the bank, 
and yet would draw out only a penny a day? " God's 
riches are inexhaustible. They only await the service 
of love and the draft of faith. How it must grieve the 
great heart of our God when we are willing to live at 
a poor, dying rate, when we starve our souls where 
there is no lack of food. 

God will not force his best upon us. Only the out- 
stretched hand is filled by him. " Blessed are they 
which do hunger and thirst after righteousness, for 
they shall be filled." 

And when the Father fills, when God gives his best, 
all life is new. There is a new beauty in the morning, 
a new glory in the evening, and a new sweetness in the 
melody of a bird song. There are new depths and 
there is new richness in friendship, and there's appre- 
ciation of God, and praise that overflows. - 

Shall we not clear the channel that our Father's 
best may come in? Let us clear out the worldly 
growths, such as indifference, indolence, pride. If we 
were as anxious to receive as our Father is to give, our 
lives would be as fountains which overflow. 

Pasadena, Calif. 

How Christ Is Formed in Us 


We are so constituted that the Spirit of Christ may 
shine into us as a sunbeam into a drop of dew, or as 
the sun shines into the particles of mist or cloud, to be 
reflected and to form the beautiful rainbow. In like 
manner Christ, the Sun of righteousness, shines into 
the souls of the saints, and is reflected by their beauti- 
ful lives. It is in view of these facts that Paul wrote 
in Gal. 4: 19: "My little children, of whom I am 
again in travail until Christ be formed in you." 

How can Christ be formed in any one? Surely not 
literally. Christ, as well as Paul, sometimes represents 
himself figuratively, as, for instance, when he says, in 
John 6: 48: "I am the bread of life." He does not 
mean bread literally, but implies that his doctrine is 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER-January 10, 1920 


food for the soul, as material bread is food for the 
body. Again : " I am the resurrection," that is, I 
cause the resurrection. Also, " I am the way, the 
truth and the life." 1 This means: I show the way, I 
tell the truth, and I give the life. Hence we must 
understand that Christ being formed in us must be 
taken in a figurative sense. Christ, in the New Testa- 
ment, is represented by the Word, the Spirit and the 
Life. Before his incarnation he was called the Word. 
" In the beginning was the Word and the Word was 
with God and the Word was God." " And the Word 
became flesh and dwelt among us." 

/. Christ in the Word. Christ is to dwell in us in 
the form of the Word. In Col. 3 : 16 it is stated : 
" Let the Word dwell in you richly." That means 
abundantly. We are to be filled with it — the Gospel 
of Christ. It is the mission of the Word to convert 
people to Christianity and to change their character. 
No one was ever converted to Christianity without 
the Wordr It was the preaching of the Word on the 
Day of Pentecost that converted the three thousand 
and later five thousand more. The Word is the power 
by which the missionaries convert, the heathen and 
civilize the savages. The South Sea Islanders were 
savage cannibals. Their chief occupation was waging 
warTand when they captured an enemy they killed and 
ate him. When the missionaries came among them, 
and preached the Word to them, their character was 
changed. They were taught to love their enemies. 
They became civilized, and now they attend worship 
on Sundays with great zeal and devotion. The Word 
is that power which changes our Chinese brethren 
from a life of doubt and despair to a life of hope and 
joy. It is wonderful what great changes are wrought 
in the lives of the outcasts, in the slums of Chicago, 
when some of the Bethany Bible students bring the 
Word to bear upon them. In short, it is by the Word 
that Christ will conquer the world. In Rev. 19: 11-16 
he is represented as seated on a white horse, his gar- 
ments sprinkled with blood and many diadems on his 
head; "In righteousness does he make war." The 
armies of heaven follow him on white horses, and are 
clothed in fine linen, pure and white. Out of his 
mouth goeth a sharp sword and he is called The Word 
of God. 

2. Christ in the Spirit. It is Christ in us, in the 
Spirit, that tells whether we are his disciples or not. 
In Rom. 8 : 9 occurs this terse and decisive statement : 
" If any man have riot the Spirit of Christ, he is none 
of his." It matters not that he is baptized with water, 
received into fellowship by the church, practices all 
the ordinances, such as feet-washing, partakes of the 
Lord's supper and the communion, observes the holy 
kiss, is a good moral man, a kind husband and loving 
father, yet, if he has not the Spirit of Christ, he is none 
of his, but is one of those described in Matt. 7: 22: 
" Many will say to me fin that day : Lord, Lord, did 
we not prophesy in thy name and in thy name cast out 
demons and in thy name do many mighty works?. 
Then will I profess to them: I never knew you, de- 
part from me ye workers of iniquity." This class of 
Christians, who lack the Spirit of Christ, is very 

When Paul cariie to Ephesus, he found certain dis- 
ciples and he asked them whether they had received 
the Holy Spirit since they were baptized. They said 
they did not know there was a Holy Spirit. He then 
baptized them again and laid his hands upon them and 
prayed, and they received the Holy Spirit. We can 
find no difference between the Holy Spirit and the 
Spirit of Christ. It is the Holy Spirit that Christ 
promised to send to his disciples when he had gone to 
his Father. 

There is jio excuse for any disciple of Christ not 
possessing the Holy Spirit. He may be had if we ask 
m faith. " If ye then being evil know how to give 
good gifts to your children, how much more shall your 
heavenly Father give the Holy Spirit to them who ask 
him" (Luke 11: 13)? 

The work of the Spirit of Christ in us is for sancti- 
fication. The Word converts, the Spirit sanctifies. 
Th^ conversion may be sudden, as in the case of Paul, 
when he was suddenly changed from a persecutor of 
the Christians to a preacher of the Gospel. Sanctifica- 

tion is a life-long work. It makes men holy and pre- 
pares them for the enjoyments of heaven. What 
sanr-tification will do is illustrated by ^le case of the 
Corinthians. Some of them were fornicators, idolaters 
and adulterers, but Paul says : " Ye are washed, ye 
are sanctified, ye are justified in the. name of the Lord 
Jesus and by the Spirit of our God." With Christ 
in us, our sins are imputed to Christ, and his righteous- 
ness is imputed to us. We become " vessels of honour," 
sanctified and meet for the Master's use. 

J. Christ — eternal life — in us. The sixth chapter 
of John's Gospel is preeminently the chapter of the 
Bjble, describing Christ as life eternal. When Christ 
had fed the five thousand at Bethsaida with five loaves 
and two fishes, and had returned to Capernaum with 
his disciples, the multitude followed and were discuss- 
ing the miraculous feeding. This was an opportune 
time for Christ to direct the minds of the people to 
the " Bread of Life," saying, '.'■ Work not for the bread 
that perisheth, but for the food that abideth unto 
eternal life." Then they said: "Evermore give us 
this bread." Jesus replied : " I am the bread of life." 
" He that cometh to me shall not hunger, and he that 
believeth on me shall never thirst." 

Here we notice that the conditions of receiving the 
Bread of Life are the coming and the believing. There 
is something for us to do. We must come to Jesus. 
The reward for this coming he promises in these 
words : " Him that cometh unto me I will in no wise 
cast out." " Every one that believeth on the Son shall 
have eternal life." Then Jesus states how every one 
must come : " No man can come to me except the 
Father who sent me draw him, and I will raise him up 
at the last day." " I am the living bread which came 
down from heaven. If any man eat of this bread, he 
shall live for ever, yea, and the bread which I shall give 
is my flesh, which I shall give for the life of the 

When Jesus spoke these words the time was near 
at hand when the greatest event since the creation was 
to take place. The Son of Man was to be sacrificed 
for the sins of the world, and in this way he was to 
give his flesh for the life of the world. It was the 
event which was prefigured by the sacrifice which Abel 
made, and all the sacrifices for atonement, down the 
ages, especially under the Mosaic law. It was illus- 
trated by the object lesson Abraham gave when he 
tried to sacrifice his only begotten Son. It is the true 
passover, mentioned in 1 Cor. 5 : 7, of which the pass- 
over in Egypt was only a type. It is the propitiation 
for the sins of the world, of which the prophets speak 
and which Isaiah so clearly describes in the fifty-third 
chapter of his book, saying: " He was wounded for 
our transgressions and by his stripes we are healed." 

Since the condition of our obtaining eternal life is 
coming to Jesus, believing on him, eating his flesh and 
drinking his blood, how is~this to be done ? It is gen- 
erally understood to include partaking of the com- 
munion or eucharist. So certain is the Catholic 
Church of this, that it accepts the words literally. 
They believe that when the bread and wine are conse- 
crated they become the actual flesh and blood of Christ, 
in every particular, except in appearance, and call the 
process transubstantiation. 

The Lutheran Church believes that when the bread 
and wine are consecrated, there is a union between 
them and the person of Christ, and calls the process 
consubstantiation. Other Protestants believe that, 
when consecrated, the bread represents the crucified 
body of Christ, and the wine his shed blood, and when 
we partake of these emblems, we mentally and spirit- 
ually partake of the flesh and blood of Christ. They 
also claim that, according to his command, we cele- 
brate or " show forth his death till he comes again." 
When the Word dwells in us richly, and we are 
drawn by the Father and converted, and have the Spirit 
of Christ dwelling in us, and we partake of the em- 
blems of Christ's broken body and shed blood, and, at 
the same time, mentally and spiritually, accept by faith 
his suffering and death in our behalf, we have the 
assurance that Christ dwells in us and that " the Spirit 
that raised up Christ from the dead shall also give life 
to our mortal bodies by the Spirit that dwelleth in us." 
Fruita, Colo. 

" All Things to All Men " 


A group of college students were discussing the fact 
that their president, a minister, was making weekly 
trips into the country to preach to a rural congrega- 
tion. They expressed surprise that he should find 
enough " in common " with his audience to make the 
effort worth while. 

This is one more bit of evidence that some institu- 
tions of higher learning have not yet fathomed the real 
purpose of their being. The great basic truths of life 
— more particularly those truths concerning the spirit- 
ual realm — are the same for town and country dwell- 
ers alike. To assume that a college president could 
ftnd'no common meeting ground upon which he could 
spijak of these things, is to assume that faulty old doc- 
trine concerning the purpose of higher education — 
that it is to set men apart from their fellows, to place 
them on a pedestal from which they can complacently 
survey their less favored brothers. 

That doctrine is wrong and false to the core. If a 
man's education fulfills any purpose except to make 
him a better and more humble servant of others, it is 
unworthy to be classed with that education promul- 
gated by the Great Teacher. If it unfits him to make 
himself understood by the lowliest or the most material- 
istic of human beings, it is impractical. 

" We are assuming that college people have higher 
ideals than other people," said a teacher in a profes- 
sional meeting. " I used to say that very glibly myself. 
Of late years I have been wondering whether or not it 
is true." 

And we can all answer: "Verily it is not true, if 
the graduate wonders how his president can find any- 
thing ' in common ' with people who chance to live in 
the country." 

We are able to recall a certain type of adviser who 
always urged boys to " get an education " that they 
might excel their fellows in money-making, or be able 
to win in the races for political honors. But we are 
supposed — in this day and age of the world — to com- 
prehend the real purpose of education, which is to fit 
us for service in that capacity which is most in har- 
mony with our talents and circumstances. Of all peo- 
ple on earth, the college graduate should find things 
"in common" with all classes, and be able to make 
himself understood by all men. 

Emporia, Kans. 

The Fullness of Christ 


With all the painstaking effort of Jesus to make 
known the identity of Christ, still many people see 
nothing more than the historical Jesus. That a man 
should be, and is divinely expected to be, able to attain 
to a spiritual stature equal to the fullness of that of 
Christ, is too commonly inconceivable. With a desire 
to have the Christ nature more clear in the readers' 
minds I am giving a few of the things he said he is. 

Jehovah God said : "lam that I am." Tell them : 
" I AM hath sent me unto you." That, doubtless, is 
the most inclusive expression of true Deity. But it is 
too abstract- for common people's understanding. 
When Jesus said : " He that hath seen me hath seen 
the Father also," he gave the impression that he and 
the Father are identical. It is commonly understood 
that he recognized Jehovah God as his Father. Al- 
though there is an appreciable difference between the 
Jewish conception and the Christian conception of 
God, Jesus' Father doubtless was the I AM that sent 
Moses into Egypt to bring Israel out. We think that 
to be so. When Jesus called him his Father — " Our 
Father " — he took most of the occult out of his being. 
And in identifying himself he gave such divine con- 
stituency as to make it easy for us to determine him, 
and to reveal his own fullness. The following is his 
identification : 

1. I am the Alpha — " The Beginning." " Before 
Abraham was born, I am." " In the beginning was the 
Word " — the Son. He heads every righteous thought, 
effort and result. " All things were made through 
him ; and without him was not anything made that hath 
been made." Jesus the Author and Perfecter of our 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 10, 1920 

faith. " It became him to make the author of their 
salvation perfect." "And having been made perfect, 
he became unto all that obey him the author of eternal 

2. " I am the Door." " I am the door of the sheep." 
There is one access to success — that is divine right- 
eousness. There is one entrance to peace — that is 
love. There is one opening to joy— that is service. 
These are the abiding qualities of Christ. Any one 
essaying to gain these in any other way is a thief and 
a robber. " By me, if any man shall enter in, he Shall 
be saved." 

3. " I am the Shepherd." He is the one that owns 
us. He is the proprietor and cafes. Any loss is his 
loss; the gain is his gain. Our keep is at his expense. 
Our well-being is his joy arid glory. His labor is # for 
our upkeep and comfort. He faces the worst condi- 
tions to succor us. He provides the best conditions to 
save us. " The Lord is my shepherd." 

4. " I am the Vine." He is immediately in the hands 
of the Father — die husbandman. He has all the power 
of the divine purpose in him. He bears all the branches. 
He nourishes them, and supplies life to their every 
fiber. He makes it possible for them to grow and to 
produce. In him we live and bear fruit. 

5. " I am the Truth." This is the greatest factor in 
the divine economy. Truth is not alone the correctness 
of thought, the reliability of speech nor the balance of 
relations. It is the justice in the deed, the sympathy 
in suffering, helpfulness in labor, ethics in association, 
and esthetics in attainment. It is the purpose in the 
wood, the rock, the metal and the chemical. It is the 
pattern in the vegetable, the design in the crystal, and 
the rule of forces. It is that design in everything 
which preserves its identity, maintains its integrity and 
declares its virtue. 

6. " I am the Bread." Bread is an important 
sustenance. It is of daily necessity. The yesterday's 
ration is not supplying our today's want. Our today's 
feed is relished today as the yesterday's was then. It 
is needed the same as yesterday's was. It is the sim- 
plest and most regular supply of food. " It was not 
Moses that gave you bread out of heaven. Your fath- 
ers ate the manna in the wilderness and they died. I 
am the living bread which came down out of heaven: 
if any man shall eat of this bread he shall live for- 
ever." " Lord, evermore give us this bread." " Give 
us this day our daily bread." "May the Christ be our 
daily bread! 

7. " I am the Light." Light is, after all, a very 
necessary agency for every pursuit. It enables us to 
discern our pathway, determine our location and its 
environments, and to discriminate and enjoy the ob- 
ject of our quest. The light enables us to become ac- 
quainted with everything related to our progress. In- 
vestigation, illustration, demonstration and identifica- 
tion are light. Light is essential to growth, to color, 
to understanding and to faith. " I am the light of the 
world. Ye are the light of the world." " In him was 
the life ; and the life was the light of men." " He that 
loveth his brother abideth in the light." 

8. " I am the Way." The way to think, the way to 
work, the way to talk, the way to associate, the way 
to view others, the way to live, the way to give and to 
receive-^all these and more too, is the Christ. The 
way is narrow, but very safe. Would that all knew the 
way! • 

9. " I am the Teacher." " Ye call me teacher and 
ye say well, for so I am." £ The teacher is here, and 
calleth for you." " We know that thou art a teacher 
come from God." The teacher is necessary. He is 
acquainted with facts. He calls our attention to facts. 
He helps us to approach them; to treasure them. He 
turns on the light, reveals the truth, points out the 
way and credits our attainments. 

10. " I am the Lord." You call me lord. That is 
all well enough. You need one with authority over 
you. I do not assert any arbitrary jurisdiction over 
you; I only urge your submission to the foregoing. 
Let all that dominate your lives. That is the lordship 
of Christ. 

11. " lam the Son of Man." " God sent forth his 
Son, born of a woman, born under the law." The 
Kmmanuel, " born of water and the Spirit." " The 

Word was God. And the Word became flesh, and 
dwelt among us, full of grace and truth." He was, 
indeed, the Son of man, and was to us everything that 
man could inherit In this he did not unavoidably 
have greatness divinely thrust upon him, but he earned 
it and was made an heir because of the greatness of 
his love and service. It means more to us because it 
means that we, by virtue of the regeneration and the 
constant effort to have him formed in us, become " like 

12. " I am the Resurrection." This is an entirely 
new feature which he impersonated. Yet it was essen- 
tial to the consummation which he achieved. To be 
the fullness of every essential thing he must also be 
the idea of life beyond the grave, the germ in the egg, 
in the seed, the grain. He must be the power to revive 
the dormant bud, insect, caterpillar, frog and bear. 
All attest a resuscitating principle under divine control. 
All spring forth into new being at the divine volition. 
Christ is that power, and means to me the ability to 
make life. 

13. " I am the Life." It is very common that people 
think he lived supernaturally because he was divinely 
born. Also, that he possessed a divine fiat by which he 
could bequeath that life unto whom he elected. It 
seems possible that it could be thought even more. It 
is known that life is not spontaneous ; that vitality must 
be originated, that it must be sustained and directed. 
We understand life to mean that potential in some 
things which gives them vitality, and maintains its kind 
by reproduction. We also understand life to mean a 
sort of thinking and acting which becomes the dis- 
tinguishing attribute by which persons or things are 
identified. In man it is both his vitality and the possi- 
bility in himself by which he attains to immortality. 
Christ is all that, and able to originate it in what he 

14. " I am the Omega — the End." We saw him as 
the beginning. Here we see him at the other extremity 
— the end. We also have seen him as the personifica- 
tion of every worthy intermediate conception ; indeed, 
everything that we could wish to become. In the sense 
of completion, he is the end. He is the end of knowl- 
edge. He is the end of physical development. He is 
the end of aboriginal religion, of the Jewish regime, 
and the Mosaic law. He is the end of the life of sin, 
and of death. 

- I am sure you will be pleased with the generous 
fullness of Christ. I am sure that you will be more 
pleased that it is not barely a historical matter, but 
that it is a fact to be realized in your own life. Do not 
be frightened that it is too good to be believed. For 
"he gave some prophets; and some evangelists; and 
some, pastors and teachers; for the perfecting of the 
saints, unto the work of ministering, unto the building 
up of the body of Christ; till we all attain unto the 
unity of the faith, and of the knowledge of the Son of 
God, unto a full-grown man, unto the measure of the 
stature of the fullness of. Christ that-we may be no 
longer children, tossed to and fro and carried about 
with every wind of doctrine, by the sleight of men, in 
craftiness, after the wiles of error; but speaking the 
truth in love, may grow up into him in all things, which 
is the head, even Christ." 
Weiser, Idaho. 

gloom, we are at least figuratively living either on the 
sunny side or the shady side of life. To live on the 
shady side signifies continuous complaint. The world 
is upset; evil is rampant; the good old days are past; 
there is no use to try to save the world; the saying 
power of the church is lost. To live on the sunny side 
is to sing songs of cheer; to smile away our sorrows 
and cares; to have an exultant faith in the power of 
the church to save; to move forward with an ever- 
lasting hope of conquering the forces of evil. On 
which side of the mountain do you live? 
West Somerville, Mass. 

On Which Side of the Mountain Do 
You Live? 

"Tell me on which side of the mountain a man lives 
and I will tell you his temper."— Geikie. 

It goes without saying that if he lives on the sunny 
side, he is an optimist; or if he lives on the shady side 
-he is ^pessimist. That sunshine is conducive to good 
health, is universally conceded. No disease bacteria 
can possibly grow in the bright rays of the sunshine. 
Might it not, then, be possible also that sunshine may 
affect our psychic being in such a way as to destroy 
the neural paths of gloom, and bring cheer to the soul? 
All of us have observed that through some influence 
we feel more cheerful with the brightly shining sun 
over our heads than on a dark, cloudy day. 

Whether or not we accept the influence of the 
shining sun or the cloudy day as ominous for cheer or 



The world has come to realize that, in a general way, 
it pays to be honest. "Honesty is the best policy," has 
come to be a maxim. Men know that they can not 
cheat and retain their standing in business circles. A 
man's credit at the bank depends on his promptness in 
paying his notes. He must have a reputation for hon- 
esty to obtain goods on credit. JThe dishonest man 
soon finds himself without friends in business circles 
and among his neighbors. The great business houses 
have made honest dealing the cornerstone of commer- 
cial success. The buying public demands that the 
merchant's goods be what he claims for them. Only 
the " fly-by-night " dealers can afford to cheat. They 
know that they can cheat the same man but once, but 
that is enough. Their game is to move on to new fields. 
But the man who expects to remain in business in his 
home town all his life, and wants his sons to continue 
the business after him, knows that honest dealing is 
imperative. The growth of the great mail-order houses 
proves this. It is not, necessarily, that their goods are 
better, nor their prices lower. Their marvelous growth 
has come about, in large measure, because the pur- 
chasers trust them: They know that their money is 
safe; that if, for any reason, they are dissatisfied, the 
firm will make it good. 

However, all this honesty is, in most cases, mere 
policy. It is the reputation they are seeking. The men 
of the world pay their bills because their future credit 
depends on it. That this is only policy, in many cases, 
is shown by the fact that these men will cheat when 
their reputation is not likely to suffer. These are the 
men who leave unpaid bills behind when they move, 
who say nothing when a mistake is made in their favor. 

But with the Christian, honesty • is more than a 
policy — it is a principle. The man of the world, who 
is thinking of reputation only, may become dishonest 
when opportunity affords. His honesty is a policy, and 
policy depends on circumstances. Principle does not 
depend on circumstances — it is unconditioned. He is 
honest, not because men are watching, but because God 
sees him. He does not misrepresent his goods ; his 
neighbors trust him'; he makes correct tax returns ; he 
keeps his part of contracts. And this, under every 
'circumstance, for his honesty is a principle and a vital 
part of his religion. 

The honesty which the man of the world exercises 
is a legal honesty. The Christian is morally bound to 
deal honestly. The man of the world pays his legal 
obligations, but is not affected by any moral demands. 

I heard recently of a case that illustrates my point : 
A brother had bargained verbally to purchase a farm ; 
but, unfortunately, the family took the smallpox and 
was quarantined. A neighbor took advantage of the 
situation to buy the place away from him, and that for 
speculation. Did he have the right? Certainly, he had 
the legal right, but he broke the moral law of neigh- 

I know another case : The opportunity came to a 
man to make a lease which was sure to net him many 
hundreds of dollars. There was nothing in the way; 
the opportunity was offered him. But knowing that a 
neighbor needed the chance more than he did, he 
stepped aside in favor of the other man. 

This country is afflicted, just now, with a curse, 
known as profiteering. There are men who would 
corner the necessities of life and sell these to the poor 
at exorbitant prices. Why do we condemn them? 
They do not steal the goods. They bought them with 
their own money, and why do they not have the right 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 10, 1920 


to do with them as they please? Why should they not 
either sell them at their own price, or let them rot in 
warehouses, if they choose? Is it not a sign of more 
exalted conceptions that the Government will not allow 
such men to stand upon this technical ground of owner- 
ship, but, going onward and upward to the moral obli- 
gation to one's fellow-men, proposes to punish such 
manipulations as a crime? When the world becomes 
Christianized, these things will no longer be possible. 

There was a time when the Church of the Brethren 
held a unique reputation for honesty. Merchants were 
wont to declare that they had never lost a-dollar in 
their dealing with our members. We have grown 
richer since then — more polished, more educated — but 
I am wondering if we still retain that reputation for 
honesty. In this day of commercialism, the tempta- 
tion, to get ahead at any cost, is overwhelming some. 
In too many cases our people need watching, just like 
other folks. But which is better — to lose a profitable 
deal or to get ahead at any cost? 

We boast about our farms and set the price high to 
the prospective purchaser. Do we tell the assessor the 
same story? We are proud of our ability to make 
money — 'but how about our income tax returns ? 
Would that we all might have grace to do that which 
is right, rather than the thing that will pay most! 
" Provide things honorable in the sight of all men." 

Chicago, III. 

Notes From Our Correspondents 

As cold water to a thirsty soul, so is good news from a far country 


Glendale church just closed a most interesting revival, conducted 
by Bro. P. E. Robertson, of Lindsay, Calif. Three were baptized 
and the membership was much encouraged. Our Sunday-school has 
increased in numbers and interest since the visit of Bro. Virgil C. 
Finnell. His work is an inspiration to any school, Two weeks ago 
Eld. W. E. Trostle, of Pasadena, Calif., gave us a short, helpful talk. 
Bro. C. W. Ronk and wife were ordained to the eldership and will go 
to Idaho to take up pastoral work. Since our last report six letters 
have been granted.— Emma T. Whitchcr, Glendale, Ariz., Dec. 22. 


Austin church met in council Dec. 20, with Eld. H. J. Lilly pre- 
siding. Bro. W. L, Week was elected Sunday-school superintendent, 
and Bro. Lilly was elected elder for five years. — W. L. Woodiel, 
Austin, Ark., Dec. 23. 


Butte Valley church met in regular business session Dec. 20, with 
Eld. W. F. Nine presiding. We are expecting Bro. V. C. Finnell to be 
with us in January, at which time we will have two all-day meetings, 
with basket dinner. The following officers were elected: Elder, W. F. 
Nine; clerk, Iva Nine; correspondent and "Messenger" agent, the 
writer; Sunday-school superintendent, Bro. J. I. Huffman.— Iva Nine, 
Macdoel, Calif., Dec. 28. 

Chico.— We met in council Dec. 20, with Eld. Brubaker, of Live 
Oak, presiding. Bro. Chas. M. Yearout was chosen elder and pastor 
for a year; Bro. A. Wright, Sunday-school superintendent; Sister 
Martha Harlacher, Christian Workers' president; Sister Kerr, su- 
perintendent of Cradle Roll Department; the writer, "Messenger" 
agent and correspondent. We enjoyed an all-day meeting and basket 
dinner at the church on Thanksgiving Day. Dec. 21 Bro. Yearout 
gave us an interesting sermon on "God's Gift to Man." One con- 
fessed Christ and awaits the rite of baptism.— Mrs. Mollie Harlacher, 
Chico, Calif., Dec. 22. 

Fresno.— Bro. Virgil C. Finnell was with us in a scries of four in- 
teresting and instructive lectures, with stereopticon views, Dec. 12- 
15. We certainly appreciate the effort of the General Sunday School 
Board, to explain and awaken interest in the " Forward Movement," 
as welt as in the Sunday-school and Christian Workers' Society. 
Dec. 21 the Sunday-school rendered a very pleasing Christmas pro- 
gram. This year wc observed a "White Christmas,". and gifts and 
money were received in behalf of the needy ones in our city. The 
offering amounted to $31.27.— Mrs; O. N. Whitlow, Fresno, Calif., Dec. 

Golden Gate.— Dec. IS we met in council and elected Sunday-school 
officers for 1920, with Bro, John Reynolds, superintendent. Our Chris- 
tian Worker officers for the next six months were also chosen, with 
Sister Mamie June president. Dec. 22 the Sunday-scnool gave a 
very interesting Christmas program, which was enjoyed by a house- 
ful of parents and friends.— Ivy Walter, Oakland, Calif., Dec. 27. 

Live Oak.— Dec. 21 Bro. I. L. Hylton, of Empire, Calif., gave us a 
good sermon. That evening Bro. 2. Henricks, also of Empire, 
preached for us. Our Sunday-school rendered a nice program on 
Christmas Eve, after which each one received a treat. Christmas 
evening Bro. C. Ernest Davis, of r La Verne, delivered a Christmas 
sermon to a large crowd. Some new members have moved into our 
midst, for which we are glad. Jan. 12-15 Bro. Virgil C. Finnell will 
he here to hold the Sunday-school Institute— Sarah C. Davis, Live 
Oak, Calif,, Dec. 26. 

Waterford church met in council Dec. 18. The following church, 
Sunday-school and Christian Workers' officers were elected: Elder, 
Bro. Levi Winkleblcck; church clerk, Bro. R. M. Fike; Sunday-school 
superintendent, Bro. Earl Cupp; Christian Workers' president, Bro. 
Lester Smith. Bro. Amos Peters, of Wenatchcc, Wash., and Bro. 
L. E. Miller, of Empire, Calif., were present. One was received by 
baptism Dec. IS and three were received by letter. Bro. Elvin Bark- 
low was elected "Messenger" agent; Sister Anna Fike, church cor- 
respondent; Sister Ivy Root, Cradle Roll superintendent; Sister Hat- 
tie Dcardorff, missionary secretary. Dec. 28 a mission band of La 
, Verne College have arranged to render a program at this place in 
the interest of missions. Jan. 4 Bro. Geo. Bashor, of the Glendora 
church, is to begin our first series of meetings. Bro. Amos Peters 
very ably delivered the morning address Dec. 21.— Hattie B. Dcar- 
dorff, Waterford, Calif., Dec. 22. 


Bethel.— We reorganized our Sunday-school Dec. 28, with Bro. N. 
A. Switzer, superintendent. Wc have -continued our Sunday-school 
through the cold weather this winter, and have had good attendance, 
we had a Christmas program that was enjoyed by all present.— Elnora 
"■ Switzer, Arriba, Colo,, Dec. 29. 

Clay Creek Sunday-school elected officers' last Sifnday, with Willard 
jarooe, superintendent. Our Sunday-school is getting along nicely, 
we nave, no preaching now and would be very glad to have some 
minister move in here. Wc have a good climate and a good neigh- 
borhood.— Susan Jarboe, Lamar, Colo., Dee. 29. 

Grand JuncUon.— First Church met in council with all of the mem- 
bers present. Eld. J. D. Coffman presided. The church decided to 
retain Eld. Coffman as our pastor for another year. Other church 
officers were reelected, with Sister Ella Wiler, Sunday-school super- 
intendent. Our school is doing well.— D. M. Click, Grand Junction, 
Colo., Dec. 22, 

Rocky Ford church met in council Dec. 26, with Bro. A. G. Cross- 
white in charge. Church, Sunday-school and Christian Workers* of- 
ficers were chosen for the year. Christmas Eve a "White Gift" 
service was given by the Sunday-school. Gifts of self and service 
were pledged, as well as^gifts of substance, amounting to $305, for 
various missionary and "relief activities. Wc expect to have Bro. 
Jacob Funk, of Wiley, with us in the near future, to conduct a 
scries of revival meetings.— Blanche Frantz, Rocky Ford, Colo., 
Dec. 29. 


Sebring.— With the auditorium crowded from wall to wall, and a 
number unable to secure entrance, an excellent Christmas program 
was rendered Dec. 2S, in the Brethren chapel at this place. The 
exercises, mainly in charge of the young people, were highly spiritual 
and very impressive. A service of this sort makes a good impression 
on a community. Just now Sebring is favored with a number of 
visitors, some for the winter, while others are preparing to make 
Florida their home. We have a splendid type of members, and this 
is having its influence for good.— J. H. Moore, Sebring, Fla., Dec. 26. 


Franklin Grove.— Dec. 13 we met in business session and decided 
to have a Mission Study Class during the winter months, instead of 
Christian Workers' Meeting. We are also planning on having mid- 
week prayer meetings at the homes of our members. Bro. O. D". 
Buck was chosen elder for another year and Bro. I. M. Lahman, Sun- 
day-school superintendent. We decided to hold a series of meetings 
next June, provided we can secure an evangelist at that time. Dec. 
21 the children rendered a Christmas program, which included sev- 
eral essays and special music, which was enjoyed by all. — Mrs. Jennie 
M. Bcachlcy, Franklin Grove, III., Dec. 23. 

Hickory Grove church met in council Dec. 20, with Eld. M. W. 
Emmert as moderator. Sunday-school, church and Christian Workers* 
officers were chosen for their new term, and three letters were 
granted. Bro. Clarence Doty was chosen deacon, to be installed at a 
later date. Eld. Emmert stayed over Sunday and preached a splendid 
sermon to a good-sized audience.- A Christmas program was ren- 
dered just before the sermon. Our Christian Workers gave ten 
cents to a number of our Sunday-school scholars last spring, to be 
invested for missions. The returns amounted to $14, which was 
sent to the Hastings Street Mission, together with $3.30 as a Chris t- 
mas gift from two Snnday-school classes of the Intermediate De- 
partment. The Young People's Class went to the County Farm, 
taking with them candy- and fruit, to cheer the inmates. They ren- 
dered a short, informal program, which was greatly appreciated. 
Our church has adopted the envelope system of giving.— Mrs. G. G. 
Canfield, Mt. Carroll, III., Dec. 22. 

West Branch church met in council Dec. 17, with Eld. S. S. Plum 
presiding. All the officers for the coming year were elected: Bro. 
Plum is our elder and pastor for another year; Bro. Wm. H. Cordell, 
Sunday-school superintendent. Dec. 21 a short Christmas program 
was rendered to a full house by the school. Brother and Sister 
Andrew Butterbaugh, who go to the India field Jan. 10, had charge 
of the preaching hour, giving us their farewell addresses, which were 
very impressive.— Mary Fry, Polo, III., Dec. 23. 

West Branch.— Our Thanksgiving offering of $61.23 was sent to 
the Hastings Street Mission, Chicago. We also sent three barrels 
and two sacks of provisions to the same mission. Dec. 28 an offer- 
ing of $106 was taken for Armenian-Syrian Relief. On Christmas Day 
about forty took well- filled baskets and spent the day with our 
pastor, Bro. S. S. Plum.— Mary Fry, Polo, III., Dec. 31. 


Blissville congregation met in council Dec. 13 at the Blissville 
house, with Eld. John Markley in charge. Two letters were granted 
and several were received. Among them were Bro. Eli Roose and 
family, whom we are very glad to welcome. Officers were elected 
for the .ensuing year, with Bro. Jesse Pippenger, superintendent of 
the Sunday-school; Bro. Francis Smith, president of the Christian 
Workers' Meeting; Sisters Roose. Eisenhour and Markley, Missionary 
Committee. Brethren Arthur Miller, Jesse Pippinger and Virgil 
Rensberger were chosen to obtain the property valuation of the 
members, according to the District Meeting order. Our Christmas 
exercises were held Dec. 21, in connection with the Christian Writ- 
ers' Meeting. They were very good, and well attended. Our Sun- 
day-school is progressing nicely, but wc are hoping for still better 
work to be done in 1920.— Stella Ruff, Plymouth, Ind., Dec. 23. 

Blue River church met in council Dec. 27, with Eld. Walter Swihart 
presiding. Eleven letters were granted and officers elected for the 
coming year: Bro. Clarence Bowers, elder; Bro. Omar Zumbrun, 
church clerk and superintendent of the Sunday-school; Bro. Evert 
Chapman, president of Christian Workers' Society; the writer, cor- 
respondent. Our teacher-training class is progressing nicely, and 
we are now ready for the first examination.— Laura Frick, Churu- 
busco, Ind., Dec. 30. 

Fairview church met in council to close the work of the year and 
to organize and make the necessary preparations for a greater work 
fpr 1920. The reports of both church and Sunday-school treasurers 
were excellent. More money has been paid in. more has been given 
to World-wide and Home Missions, Armenian Relief and other funds, 
with a greater balance on hand than any previous year. The Sunday- 
school decided to support an orphan in some foreign land, and this 
work was given into the hands of our Missionary Committee. The 
school was reorganized for another six months, with Bro. Clarence 
Idle as superintendent. A full corps of church officers was elected. 
Two letters were received and two were granted. While the attend- 
ance at this meeting was small, yet the spirit and determination of 
those present was most encouraging. Dec. 7 and 8 Bro. H. A. Clay- 
baugh, "of Chicago, gave us stereopticon lectures on the city of 
Chicago, which included Bethany Bible School. Sunday morning Bro. 
Claybaugh preached a powerful sermon, his theme being " Posses- 
sion of the Holy Spirit." At the close an offering of $40 was taken 
for mission work in Chicago. — Lulu E. Root, La Fayette, Ind., Dec. 27. 

Hartford City.— In my former notice I stated that our preaching 
services at Bethel Center church, Hartford City congregation, were 
to be held the first and third Sundays of each month. That was a 
misunderstanding, Our services will be held the second and fourth 
Sundays, the fifth Sunday of the month being given over to the 
pastor as a vacation. — Mrs. Lydia Waters, Hartford City, Ind., Dec. 30. 

Indianapolis. — Last Thursday evening, Dec. 18, wc were made glad 
when five were received into the church by confession and baptism. 
Under the leadership of Bro. Greyer, the church in Indianapolis is 
being thoroughly organized for better work during the coming year, 
and the outlook is very encouraging. There are a number who are 
very near, and we have hopes of seeing more brought into the 
church in the near future. Sunday evening, Dec. 21, the Sunday- 
school had charge of the program. An offering was taken for Minis- 
terial Relief and Armenian and Syrian Relief. A total of $47.50 was 
raised. At the close of the services one soul came forward. Bro. 
Greyer is away in a scries of meetings at the Buck Creek church, 
Ind. Under the leadership of the new superintendent, Bro. S. A. 
Hylton, the Sunday-school is being organized, and the outlook for 
the coming ysar" indicates a strong and steady growth. We are or- 
ganizing a teacher-training class, Home Department and Cradle 
Roll.— J. J. Kintner, 59 N. Holmes Avenue, Indianapolis, Ind., Dec. 24. 
Kokomo church met in council Dec. IS. Bro. John L. Root opened 
the meeting and gave a short message. Bro. Werking acted as 
moderator.- One letter was granted and officers for the Sunday- 
school elected, with S. Hiatt, superintendent. Bro. Oscar Werking 
was reelected elder for the coming year. Bro. Boomershine, of 
Brookvillc, Ohio, spoke here two weeks ago.— Anna Davis, Kokomo, 
Ind., Dec. 23. 

L&ndess church met in council Dec. 20, with Bro. Hummer presid- 
ing. Bro. Ollie Matnias was elected Sunday-school superintendent; 

Bro. D. M. Hummer, eld»r for one year; Sister Zona Crutsinger, 
Cradle Roll superintendent. Twenty members were present and the 
spirit of the meeting was good.— Mrs. Marshall Pence, Landess, Ind., 
Dec. 24. 

Lupoid.— Any one desiring to change location would do well to 
come here before locating. There are several good farms for sale 
close to the church. The latter part of the summer Brother and 
Sister Omer Maphis assisted us in a revival and Bible Institute. We 
received real spiritual food and ten accepted Christ.— Mrs. Geo. S 
Sherck, Shipshcwana, Ind., Dec. 31. 

Manchester.— Dec. 12 we met in a special service. In addition to 
the other Sunday-school officers, the following were chosen: Bro. S. 
S. Gump, superintendent of the Adult .Department; Sister V. F. 
Schwalm, Secondary Department; Sister Otho Winger, Primary De- 
partment. The Christian Workers' officers were chosen for the com- 
ing six months. After a vote of the church, Brethren D. O. Cot- 
trell. David Priser and Lawrence Schultz were ordained as elders. 
Brethren C. C. Kindy, T. D. Butterbaugh and I. B. Book officiated 
in the ordination.— Ivah M. Grossnickle, North Manchester, Ind 
Dec. 29. 

Mexico church met in council Dec. A, with the elder in charge. One 
letter was granted and three were received. Bro. Ezra Musselman 
was elected Sunday-school superintendent. Dec. 21 our scries of 
meetings, conducted by Bro. Ira Long, of Andrews, Ind., closed with 
nine being added to the church by baptism. Bro. Long preached 
twenty-one powerful sermons, which were greatly appreciated. — 
Effic E. Keyes, Mexico, Ind., Dec. 29. 

Middletown.— Dec. 28 the Sunday-school held an entertainment for 
the children. The program consisted of recitations and songs. Of- 
ficers were elected for another year, with Bro. Carpenter, superin- 
tendent. Bro. Jos. Spitzer handed in his letter, and will now Haider 
much appreciated help in the work here. He preached a Christmas 
sermon on Sunday evening. Bro. Carpenter also has moved to town 
and will be able to assist in church work. Our elder was with us to- 
day, to enjoy the entertainment.— Florida J. E. Green, Middletown, 
Ind., Dec. 28. 

Ministerial Meeting.— The ministers of Northern Indiana met at 
the Goshen City church Dec. 20. A good attendance of the ministers 
of the District was one of the encouraging features. Bro. J. H. Fike 
gave an interesting sermon on "The Overcoming Life" and a very 
helpful discussion followed. In the afternoon the subject "Principles 
vs. Methods " was continued, with Bro. David Metzler in charge of 
the discussion. This being the end of the first year of our association 
work, David Metzler was chosen chairman, Harvey Shrock, vice- 
chairman; the writer, secretary. The next meeting will be held in 
Nappanee the third Saturday of March.— H. L. Hartsough, Nap- 
panee, Ind., Dec. 25. 

Oak Grove church met in council Dec. 18, with Eld. M. I. Whitmer 
presiding. The following officers were elected for the coming year: 
Bro. M. I. Whitmer, elder; the writer, Sunday-school superintendent 
and clerk; Bro. Russel Naragon, "Messenger" agent; Missionary 
Cojnmittee, Brother and Sister Larmon Foote and Brother and Sister 
Claude "Ullery. Our Thanksgiving offering of $18.24 was sent to the 
Bethany Bible School, Chicago, to be used at their mission points 
in the city.— Harry Miller, North Liberty, Ind., Dec. 29. 

Pleasant Valley church met in council Dec. 13, with Eld. J. L. 
Mishler presiding. Two letters were granted and officers chosen 
for the coming year: J. L. Mishler. elder; Bro. Will Bowman, " Mes- 
senger " agent; Bro. A. C. Kindy, Sunday-school superintendent; 
Sister Jennie Nihart, superintendent of the Cradle Roll Department; 
Bro. Forest Bowman, Christian Workers' president. Our young 
brethren, called to the ministry last spring, are doing splendid work. 
On account of Fro. Mishler's failing health, Bro. Homer Schrock 
has had to fill nearly all the appointments this winter, and has done 
well. Bro. Galen Bowman, who has been in Bethany, is home for 
the holiday vacation and gave us a splendid sermon Dec. 21. Our 
attendance has been good at all the services the past year. Nine- 
teen have come into the church and the voung people are taking 
on new life in all the services.— Mrs. Orpha Mishler, Middlebury, 
Ind.. Dec. 22. 

Pleasant Valley.— Dec. 24 we held our Christmas exercises. The 
weather being favorable, a good-sized audience was in attendance. 
We did not give the children their usual treat of candy, for they 
decided to give instead of to receive. An offering of $15 was raised 
for the needy in Chicago.— Mrs. Orpha Mishler, Middlebury, Ind., 
Dec. 29. 

Portland church met in council- Nov. 22, with Eld. J. G. Sttne- 
baugh presiding. Officers for the following year were elected: Sister 
Elizabeth Heller, superintendent; Sister Jennie Andrews, "Messen- 
ger" agent; Arthur Lnfollette, correspondent. Dec. 4 officers were 
elected for the Christian Workers' Meeting, with Jennie Andrews, 
president. The members of the young people's class have organized 
a singing class, with Opal Farrell as leader. Bro. Ross Gotschall 
preached three very inspiring sermons for us, With which all were 
very much pleased. He will continue preaching for us the first and 
third Sundays of each month. Our Sunday-school and Christian 
Workers' Meeting are progressing and doing good work.— Marie 
Stump, Portland, Ind., Dec. 27. 

Spring Creek.— A most impressive service was held in our church 
Dec. 14, when Bro. Floyd Irvin, of Creston, Ohio, and Sister Trudc 
Mishler, of our congregation, were united in marriage. In special 
council, previous to this service, the church decided to confer upon 
Sister Mishler the full rights of the ministry. Followiug the cere- 
mony. Bro. Otho Winger conducted the installation service in a very 
effective manner. Brother and Sister Irvin have planned to devote 
their lives to the mission cause in Africa. Until the African field 
is opened, they will give their time to pastoral work. They are now 
located at Homeworth, Ohio. We, as, a church, are eager for the 
time to come when Sister Irvin will represent us on the African 
field.— Moyne Landis, Sidney, Ind., Dec. 27. 


Coon River.— We met in council Dec. 20, and work was closed for 
this year, plans laid, committees appointed, and everything made 
ready to begin the work of a new year. Bro. E. D. Fiscel was chosen 
elder for 1920. Dec. 14 Bro. M. W. Emmert, of Mt. Morris. 111., gave 
us a splendid sermon.— Mrs. Zona B. Ott, Panora, Iowa, Dec. 22. 

Des Moines Valley church met in council Dec. 18, with Eld. John F. 
Burton presiding. All church officers were elected, also various com- 
mittees. By a unanimous vote we decided to retain Bro. John F. 
Burton as pastor and elder until Sept. 1, 1920. Thanksgiving Day 
our church held a special service and the offering taken was divided 
between the General Mission Board, Armenian Relief and the Has- 
tings Street Mission, Chicago^ A Christmas program was rendered 
Dec. 21 to a large and appreciative audience.— Esther Hildreth, An- 
keny, Iowa, Dec. 26. 

English River.— An eight-day Bihle Institute, conducted by Eld. J. 
W. Lear, of Chicago, closed last night. We held two sessions each 
day, which were very helpful and full of inspiration. Bro. Arthur 
Moat gave a helpful discourse last nighl. A short service was held 
yesterday afternoon at the home of our afflicted Bro. J- W. Brubaker. 
Two families of our members are moving to Muscatine.— J. D. Brow- 
cr. South English, Iowa, Dec. 29. ■ 

Indian Creek church met in business session Dec. 20, with Eld. I. 
W. Brubaker presiding. One letter was received. Bro. Sanford Good* 
in and wife were installed as deacons. Bro. C. E. Lookingbill will 
take churge of the work at this place for 1920. All officers' were 
chosen for the year, with the undersigned as "Messenger" agent 
and correspondent.— Mrs ; P. H. Enfield, Maxwell, Iowa. Dec. 28. 

Kingsley church recently met in regular council and considered 
methods for the building of a new churchhouse next year. Reports 
were all favorable and we hope to succeed. The report of the annual 
visit was given, showing unanimity. Officers for the ensuing year 
were elected; Bro. H. H. Wingert, elder; Roy Van Norsdel, church 
clerk; Bro. W. E. Wilson, Sunday-school superintendent; Frank Leh- 
man, "Messenger" agent; Edith Lehman, church correspondent. Re- 
cently one young lady was received by baptism. We have had the 
pleasure of having Sister Anna Bloiigh with us in missionary work 
(Continued on Page 28) 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER-^Tanuary 10, 1920 


Two Coats 


The other day our minister met an old man, a mem- 
ber of his church, coining along the street, carrying a 
coat over his arm. "Where are you going. Sam?" 
said the minister, and the man replied, " I read in my 
Bible, this morning, the verse which says : ' Let him 
that hath two coats impart to him that hath none,' and 
I am taking one of my coats to the church, to let the 
ladies send it to the Armenians." 

Truly a verse well interpreted ! But this is jiot all 
of the story. I was anxious to pass it on and spent 
almost half an hour that evening looking for the verse 
in my concordance, but could not find it. I mentioned 
this*fruitless search to my sister and then forgot about 

The next morning she called to me from her room 
and said: "A wonderful thing has happened. I 
opened my Bible to read my chapter, and as I glanced 
on its pages, my eyes fell upon a verse and it was the 
verse you were looking for last evening : ' Let him 
that hath two coats impart to him that hath none.' " 

Who can doubt the Divine Guidance in the finding 
of that verse and the truth of the message it gave to 
the man who read it first? 

Harrisburg, Pa. 

Asleep in Gethsemane 


Studying the Sunday-school lesson for Dec. 7 
caused me to ask: "Are some professing Christians 
in this age asleep?" Jesus is depending on us for 
service. Are we responding? He is coming some day. 
He said : " If I go away, I will come again." Did 
that mean those forty days between the resurrection 
and ascension? No, because the message of the angels 
at his ascension makes it clear : " In like manner as ye 
see him go into heaven." This is true, whatever fine 
theories may teach otherwise. We can rely on a state- 
ment that comes as directly from God as that did. 

We are living nearer to that event than any people 
ever did. Are we sleeping? This is an hour when 
we should watch. Watch with the suffering ones about 
us. Watch for opportunity to save perishing souls. 
Watch for the coming of our Lord. A blessing is 
promised to those who do so. By and by he will say : 
" Sleep on now, and take your rest. Mine hour is 

Shall we not awake and put on the armor? The 
helmet of salvation, the breastplate of righteousness? 
Shall we not take the Sword of the Spirit, have our 
feet shod with the preparation of the gospel of peace, 
and, above all, shall we not take the shield of faith, 
wherewith we shall be able to quench all the fiery darts 
of the wicked? Are we using all of this splendid 
equipment? How can we be stupid and sleepy in the 
midst of great opportunities, such as surround us now? 

Huntingdon, Pa. 

The Summum Bonum 


There is one incomparably difficult good thing to 
do. It comprises the life, the essentially good portion 
of all attempted helpful actions; it's the force that 
makes the thought a fact, a success ; it's the power that 
keeps the fine attempt moving toward the goal intend- 
ed, instead of having at last a checked or side-tracked 
or half-met end. It is, in short, all of it, aside from 
the mere material manifestation. 

This soul of a good deed is the honest, conclusive 
conviction in our own mind that we gladly want to do 
it. There is nothing just as good ; there is nothing else 
that doesn't cry aloud the reservation, and tell the 
whole audience of the incident that the goodly apple is 
rotten at the core. 

Of what use is beautiful fruit impaired throughout 
hy a bad spot? What does it profit a comrade to give 
him aid— financial, social, moral— and automatically 

heap the burden of obligation where the other burden 

We lend him twenty dollars, after an ever so slight — 
and instantly deadly — moment's hesitation (oh, let's 
not hesitate) and every minute, from then on, he is 
conscious that he owes us twenty dollars. 

There we are ! A friend " helps " and — not always, 
of course, but mostly — makes the thing worse — in the 
mind and the heart of the man. And the mind and the 
heart constitute the whole of a man. If the trouble is 
there, the trouble is everywhere, and we had just as 
well send him to prison as to lend him those twenty 

Above all things, we can not claim that we didn't 
say anything to make him feel that way ! That's like 
saying we didn't kill the dog, we just spread poison all 
about him. 

There is only one way out. Whatever we do — : 
whether it be very great or very small, we have to want 
to do it, or we had, better far, not try. That's the hard 
thing about good things— the rest is worthlessly easy. 
Even to want to and not be able to, is more profitable 
than the other. Just to want to — just to care ! A man 
can stand anything with another's love to help him. 
That's what God made love for — to take his place for 
a while; to be the one power that can support those 
who haven't him, or haven't him fully. 

In constant contact with people, there are number- 
less and drastically various ways in which to help 
them; and if you see where you could help, that means 
that you should help ; that means that you must help. 
If men and women come within your radius for good, 
indisputably they are yours, and yours alone, and you 
dare not fail them. 

Then, again, it is not enough to give ; we must give 
gladly. The Romans mention " the gift that sticks to 
the fingers." That gift is not good; it is vile! 

" But love ye your enemies, and do good, and lend, 
hoping for nothing again ; and your reward shall be 

Washington, D. C. 

Do You Want Them? 


Closed doors, especially when one has the sure 
knowledge that they are locked, present a grave prob- 
lem to one who wishes to enter. Approaching — hope- 
ful of entering at will — such sight and knowledge im- 
mediately sets up a mental cataclysm. Either one is 
in some way assured that he may not pass those doors, 
or he is besieged with speculations as to how he may 
best overcome the barrier that lies in his way. 

In Matt. 16: 19 Jesus himself says: "I will give 
unto thee the keys of the kingdom of heaven," and 
that declaration typifies the power he is willing to give 
to each of his followers. The keys to the Kingdom 
of Heaven are indiscriminatingly placed in the hands 
of all seekers for entrance. 

Every one who truly desires to enter will find an 
open door, for he may bring with him, if he will, the 
keys which will let him into the riches of Christ's 

They are not hidden under the mat or behind the 
door jamb, for the exclusive use of but a few. They 
are public property — waiting, always ready for some 
one to claim them. 

Every soul may find the doors opening to his seeking 

The Bible holds the keys out to — you. 

Fairfield, Pa. 

Heart Religion 


The term " heart religion " is common. It is used 
to express feeling, earnestness, or fervor. The word 
" heart " is used in the Old Testament more than 
seven hundred and fifty times, and in the New Testa- 
ment over one hundred and sixty times. The Hebrew, 
however, did not use the word as we employ it now. 
He connected the heart with thought, Tather than with 
feeling. We connect " heart " with feelings, but the 
Hebrew considered feelings to be located in the viscera. 
Even Socrates, who lived a few centuries before 
Christ, thought the brain a large gland, whose function 

it was to secrete tears. It is strange that the organ of 
thought was the last to be discovered, though that 
organ itself discovered other faculties. 

Feelings were considered to be located in the viscera 
as, for example/ " His bowels did yearn upon his 
brother " (Gen. 43: 30). " Her bowels yearned upon 
her son" (1 Kings 3: 26). "Ye are straitened in 
your own bowels " (2 Cor. 6: 12). " I long after you 
all in the bowels of Jesus " (Philpp. 1 : 8). " If any 
bowels of mercies " (Philpp. 12: 1). " Put on there- 
fore . . . bowels of mercies " (Col. 3: 12). "The 
bowels of the saints are refreshed by thee" (Phil. 7). 
"Receive him, that is, mine own bowels" (Phil. 12). 
"Refresh my bowels in the Lord" (Phil. 20). 
" Shutteth up his bowels (of compassion) from him, 
how dwelleth the love of God in him " (1 John 3: 17) ? 

The fact that we speak of the heart as the seat of 
the affections has led us ignorantly to assume that the 
Hebrews used the word in the same way. But a more 
careful reading will show that the word " heart " is 
used in the Bible as associated with knowledge, good 
sense, wisdom, or judgment: "My heart is inditing 
a good matter" (Psa. 45: 1). "I gave my heart to 
seek and to search out " (Eccl. 1 ; 13>). " My Heart had 
great experience of wisdom" (Eccl. 1: 16). "None 
considereth in his heart " (Isa. 44: 19). "I will give 
them an" heart to know me" (Jer. 24: 7). "Daniel 
purposed in his heart " (Dan. 1:8). " Since the first 
day that thou didst set thine heart to know" (Dan. 
10:12). "Consider [it] in thine heart " (Deut.4:37). 
"Commune with thy heart" (Psa. 4: 4). "Blessed 
are the pure in heart" (Matt. 5: 8). "Reasoning in 
their heart " (Mark 2:6). " The thoughts and intents 
of the heart " (Heb. 4: 12). " Settle [it] therefore in 
your hearts" (Luke 21 : 14). "Why do thoughts 
arise in your hearts" (Luke 24: 38)? "That with 
purpose of heart they would cleave unto the Lord " 
(Acts 1 1 : 23) . " Understand with their heart " (Acts 
28: 27). "He searcheth the reins [viscera] and 
hearts " (Rev. 2 : 23). " Out of the heart proceedeth 
. . . thoughts "■ (Mark 7: 21). 

The Christian religion demands the very best intel- 
lect, the keenest awakened consciousness, the tenderest 
sympathies, to which the human soul is capable of at- 
taining. Mere sentimentalism or superstition is in- 
sufficient in the worship of our God. 

Chicago, III. ~~_ _ 

Our New Missionaries in China 

We have just completed our first month of language 
study. So far we have found the study of the Chinese 
language (chuhg-kuo-hwa) intensely interesting. 

Mr. W. B. Petters is the director of the North China 
Union Language School. Under him is a faculty of sev- 
enty Chinese teachers, who do nine-tenths of the teach- 
ing. Twenty senior foreigners, from diplomatic, business 
and missionary groups, also each give some time. 

At present there are more than one hundred and sixty 
students enrolled. The following will give you some idea 
as to who they are: American Board, 11; American Le- 
gation, 3; British Legation, 4; business firms, II; China 
Medical Board, 22; Church of the Brethren, 7; Methodist 
Episcopal Mission, 8; Presbyterian Mission, 6; Y. M. C. A. 
workers and wives, 20; Y. W. C. A., 11; Mennonite Mis- 
sion, 5. 

About ninety-eight of these came out this fall and are 
taking beginning work. One is made to stop and wonder 
as to what will be the influence of these men and women 
during the coming years, as they go to various parts of 
North China. 

We are eager for the discoveries of each new. day. We 
all meet together for the first period in the morning and 
are given the new words and sentences for the day by the 
head Chinese teacher, Mr. H. W. Chin. After that the 
periods alternate between small group classes and work 
with an individual teacher. 

The Chinese teachers are not allowed to use one bit of 
English, but must convey all of their meaning to us in 
Chinese, using only those words which have already been 
given by the head-teacher. You would be surprised how 
much they can convey by means of a few words, signs - 
and illustrations. Besides this, or in connection with it, 
they are using a Chinese story, giving us a new sentence 
each day or two, printed on a slip of paper, giving both 
the Chinese characters and the English. 

To speak Chinese correctly, depends very much upon 
giving each word its correct tone. There are four differ- 
ent tones. The same word may have several different 
meanings, depending upon the tone in which it is spoken. 
The very fact that Chinese is so absolutely different from 
English, in itself lends added interest. 
So far our work has been very largely confined to lis- 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGEB^January 10, 1920 


tening and repeating words and sentences with the teach-" 
cr, in order that we may learn to hear and give the tones 
correctly. More and more we are learning to speak in 
complete sentences, rather than in phrases. We are also 
beginning to learn to romanize the words. 

Today we had our first lesson in the study of the Chi- 
nese characters. We are expected to learn four hundred 
this first year. But as each character may have from two 
to seven meanings, our speaking vocabulary will be much 
larger. But, of course, the first year is only a beginning, 
for, as you know, we give almost all our time, for the first 
two or. three years, and part time for at least five years, 
to language study. This is particularly essential, for if 
we would communicate our message to the people, we 
must master the means of communication. At the same 
time, we are hearing two or three special lectures each 
week by eminent men, on some phase of Chinese life. 
We are also taking courses in Chinese history and geog- 

Besides this, we try, each week, to visit some place of 
historic or present interest. We have already visited the 
Empress Dowager's summer palace, seven miles from the 
city, a magnificent work of architecture and landscape 
gardening, several Buddhist temples and the Great 
Lhama Temple, where hundreds of Mongolian boys are 
being trained to be Lhama priests. Then, too, we saw a 
place that is much better— the Temple of Confucius. This 
contains no idols but only tablets in memory of Confucius 
and his most eminent scholars. The moment you step 
into this great temple you feel an atmosphere of rever- 
ence and uplift— quite a change from the Buddhist and 
Lhama temples, with their often hideous idols. 

We also visited the museums in the "Forbidden City." 
I wish that I could describe, to you the beautiful pottery 
and carving of various kinds, besides metal work, paint- 
ings, etc., which we saw there. It is hard for us to com- 
prehend the past of China. It fills us with awe and won- 
der. And now, when we see her awakened and turned to- 
ward the future— again we wonder! 

We visited an orphanage for the promotion of which 
Mr. Burgess has done much, but which is conducted en- 
tirely by the Chinese and which is supported by gifts 
from them. They are caring for about one hundred twen- 
ty children, have good schools and also industrial work. 
The children make beautiful rugs. 

Another very interesting place, which we recently vis- 
ited, is one of the schools for the very poor and orphan 
boys, conducted by the City Police. The boys go to 
school one-half of the day, and work— or are taught some 
trade— the other half. They are helping six hundred boys 
in this way, and are planning to enlarge their schools. 
To visit these institutions gives one a hint of what the 
Chinese themselves can do. 

The more we see, hear and learn of these people, the 
more we rejoice that we were permitted to come as am- 
bassadors of the Lord to them. Will you pray that our 
party of 1919 may be guided to that end, during these 
coming years of preparation? Pray for us that we may 
master the language, and that we may come to know, un- 
derstand and love these people, thus being enabled to give 
our lives in larger service to them! Lulu Ullom. 

Peking, China, Nov. 3. 


" Write what thou seest. and send it unto the 

Bridgewater College. At least two former students from 
the school have been associated in diplomatic corps. The 
college has had some hand in definitely preparing edu- 
cational leaders in our church schools and the general 
educational work in this country. Last of alf, we have 
the missionaries, and probably there is no more unselfish 
group than these. Eighteen representatives of Bridge- 
water College are today on the mission field, or have 
been there. When the fifteen missionaries at the Wichita 
Conference sang: "I Surrender All," seven of them were 
from Bridgewater. I am glad to bear this testimony of 
appreciation by the faculty, as regards the class of people 
who have gone out from the college. I believe it is the 
ambition of the president and officers, still further to ad- 
vance this type of leadership, and I feel that we need not 
be ashamed of the contribution that Bridgewater has 
made. What a wonderful work Dr. Wampler could have 
done in the homeland! And yet he chose this field of 
work. We honor him, we honor his group, we honor all 
of these, and I am sure when he gets back to China, he 
can carry the greetings of the college to the people there, 
and they can all know that they have our prayers and 

In response, Dr. Wampler said: "I want to congrat- 
ulate you people on the opportunity you have, in being in 
this institution. You will appreciate it very much more 
in ten or twenty years after you graduate. It was a pe- 
culiarly strong group of men who went out in the early 
days, and we must strive earnestly to keep the pace which 
they have set. More than once you will think, 'What 
would my teacher think of me were J to fail?' You will 
appreciate more and more what your teachers mean and 
some day you will appreciate them still more. I am glad 
I decided to be a missionary, a medical missionary. I am 
glad for the preparation through which I went and I am 
glad I secured it at Bridgewater. You can get some 

—things at Bridgewater that you do not get at some other 
schools. I am glad that I chose for my field China, for 
the Chinese people are wonderful. They are our social 
equals in every way. For a little while this morning, I 
want to speak about service in general. I shall give you 
an illustration of service and one on the lack of service. 

~ President Wilson was a spokesman for freedom, and the 
victory was gained because of the ideal the soldiers had. 
But America does not hold the place she did after the 
war or at any time during the war. When the treaty 
came up for ratification, the Senate was not disposed to 
act favorably, and so America is losing in her influence 
today. That sort of spirit has put a black mark upon the 
name of our country. I am glad for the opportunity I 
have had, of speaking to you, and I hope that I have 
helped some of you to urge a vote in favor of the League 
of Nations." 

We regret that Mrs. Wampler could not be with her 
husband on that occasion,- and that we can not let you 
hear from her in this report. It was only with great in- 
convenience and a rigorous ride through the cold that 
Dr. Wampler was able to be with us. We appreciated 
his presence. 

After the quartet of the Volunteer Mission Band had 
sung: "Speed Away," we said good-bye in sadness, and 
yet our sadness is " turned into joy." Let us help one 
another! With Christ as the vine and ourselves as the 
branches, let us labor unitedly, from one end of the world 
unto the other. A. R. Coffman. 


Dr. Fred J. Wampler, one of our missionaries to China, 
was with us in chapel service recently. It was a rare 
privilege. He is a graduate of the institution and was at 
home with us, and we all felt united as a family. We are 
glad to see Dr. Wampler represent his Alma Mater, his 
church, his country, and his Lord in China. The pub- 
lication committee wants you to have a first-hand knowl- 
edge of the program. 

Mr. E. S". Kiracofe, in behalf of students, said this: "In 
the name of the students, of the Volunteer Band, and of 
Bridgewater College, we send greetings to the others in 

Dr. F. J. Wright, faculty member and classmate of Dr. 
Wampler, thus expressed himself: "Dr. Wampler knew 
his business while he was here. He was pursuing a course 
leading to a degree. But he was not a narrow-minded 
student. He was not only a scholar. He engaged in 
literary work, debate, athletics, etc. Socially, he was 
popular — very much better than some more of us. I can 
summarize Fred Wampler's college career in two sen- 
tences: He was an all-round student. He was conscien- 
tious in every duty reposed in him." 

Dr. John S. Flory said this in behalf of the faculty: " I 
am glad Dr. Wampler is before us as a boy. When he 
was here as a student, he was not any better than the 
most of you. I should like, in this connection, to mention 
some classes of people who have gone out from these 
walls. The number of ministers from this institution is 
close to 200. Bridgewater men are represented on the 
General Boards of the church. The editor of the leading 
periodical of the Church of the Brethren is a graduate of 


Nov. 9 Brother and Sister Steinour, of Murtaugh, 
Idaho, began a series of meetings, which continued for 
two weeks. 

Nov. 22 our love feast was held — an all-day meeting. 
In the forenoon Miss Nichols told of her girlhood expe- 
riences in the Good Shepherd Home. In the afternoon 
Bro. Howard Johnson and wife were installed in the of- 
fice of deacon. Bro. Shamberger, of Fruitland, Idaho, of- 
ficiated at this service. In the evening sixty-five were 
present at the communion, with Bro. Steinour officiating. 

On Thanksgiving Day a number gathered at the church 
for services. Brethren Fausnacht and Mow gave interest- 
ing talks. A basket dinner was served, and the afternoon 
was spent in a social time. An offering of $16 was lifted 
for the Armenian sufferers. 

Dec. 20 the quarterly council was presided over by Eld. 
M. Alva Long. Three letters were granted. The Sunday- 
school superintendents were continued for another year: 
Bro. Harry Beckwith, of the main school; Sister Emma 
Parriott, Primary Department; Sister Cora Long, Home 

Our average in Sunday-school during the last quarter 
was sixty-six. We have a live school, with five classes 
taking graded work. Sister Hazel Fausnacht is president 
of Christian Workers' Meeting. Retta Baker. 

Our church met in council Dec. 20, with Bro. D. B. Gar- 
ber presiding. "Brethren Dan Paul and D. R. Hardman 
were with us and assisted in the work. - Bro. D. B. Garber 
was again reelected elder for the Markle congregation. 
Our Ministerial Committee consists of Brethren Dave 
Brumbaugh, John Crull and M. J. Fields. A home pastor 
has not yet been chosen to take up the work here. At 

present different ministers from the outside preach for 
us from Sunday to Sunday. 

We were made glad to see one of our own young men 
chosen for the ministry— Bro. Jesse Cook. He is now at- 
tending school at North Manchester, fitting himself to be 
a medical missionary. We also rejoiced to know that we 
had some faithful workers in the Sunday-school and 
church, to be installed into the deacon's office: Bro. M. 
J. Fields and wife, and Bro. Daniel Heaston and wife. 
Bro. Fields recently moved from North Manchester to 
this place, and with his wife is now one of our earnest 
Sunday-school and church workers. Bro. Heaston and 
wife are both young people and earnest workers. 

Our Sunday-school officers were elected, with Bro. Dan- 
iel Heaston, superintendent. Church officers were all re- 
elected, with Sister Lina Browman, church clerk; the 
writer, "Messenger" correspondent, 

(Continued on Page 26) 


for the Weekly Devotional Meeting Or for 
Prayerful, Frlvate M edit at ton. 

Striving for the Mastery 

1 Corinthians 9: 24-27 
For Week Beginning January 18, 1919 

1. The Conflict Continually Being Waged.— Were it 
not for these sin-infected bodies of ours, the soul would 
be more ready to mount up on wings, as do the eagles. 
But the body insists on being pampered, its wants to be 
gratified, its desires to be ministered to, its entertainment 
to be sought after. For that reason the soul is ever 
anxiously struggling, to free itself from the things that 
hinder. It sees visions and it dreams dreams, but it often 
fails to make any strenuous effort, to cause its beautiful 
aspirations to materialize. We are too often attempting 
to run the Christian race with iron balls tied to our feet. 
Selfish and sordid ambitions have reared a barrier across 
our path, and these block our onward running, and for us 
there does not seem to be any prize ahead. 

2. Some Things That May Hinder. — At times the crea- 
ture comforts of this world— inordinately cherished — are 
antagonistic to real soul growth. Having been recipients 
of the mercy and long-continued goodness of our God. 
we take them as a matter of course, entirely devoid of 
thankfulness. Being wholly satisfied with present at- 
tainments, we know nothing of a struggle for higher and 
better things. We know nothing whatever about keeping 
the body under. Our wants, our desires, our pleasures, 
know no diminution. Still more, the crowning sorrow of 
it all is, that many of such individuals are ostensibly Chris- 
tian people, and are supposed to be in the arena, contend- 
ing for the prize. They are in the race according to the 
church roll, but they are not running. They are not "buf- 
feting the body and bringing it into bondage." The body 
is the last thing to be reduced to servitude. The chains 
are on the soul, unfortunately, instead of being on the 

3. The Urgent Need of Self- Control.— The principle, 
more especially emphasized in our citation, is that of self- 
control. "Every man that strivetli in the games exercts- 
eth self-control in all things." In this way the runner is 
fitted for the athletic contests. If the athlete makes every 
effort to " obtain a corruptible crown," why should the 
runner for the "prize of the high calling of God in Christ 
Jesus" "beat the air" and "run uncertainly"? Is the 
corruptible crown of more value than the incorruptible 

4. The Great Underlying Principle: "My God Shall 
Supply All Your Wants." — "Seek ye first the kingdom of 
God, and his righteousness; and all these things shall be 
added unto you." Well may we take up the strain of the 
Psalmist: "I have been young, and now am old, yet have 
I not seen the righteous forsaken nor his seed begging 
bread." The soul should be always on guard, and if so, 
the call from the ramparts 'will ever be: "The young 
lions do lack, and suffer hunger, but they that seek Jeho- 
vah shall not want any good thing." 

5. Let the Soul Needs Be of Chief Importance. — The 
thought is not that bodily wants should be wholly ignored. 
Some things are necessary, so far as physical life is con- 
cerned. While life lasts, provision must be made for the 
wants of the body, but there are a thousand and one 
things that the body can get along comfortably without. 
The great trouble is that too often we put the body for- 
ward, instead of the soul. Do not forget the gracious 
promise: "Trust in the Lord and do good; so shalt thou 
dwell in the land, and verily thou shalt be fed." 

6. Suggestive References. — Self must be denied (Matt. 
16: 24, 25). We must not "live after the flesh" (Rom. S: 
12, 13, 35, 36). Live to help others (Rom. 15: l-3t. Christ 
must be within (Gal. 2: 20). "Walk in the Spirit" (Gal. 
5: 16. 17, 24). We must " lose" in order to " gain " (Philpp. 
3: 7-9). Living soberly, righteously, godly (Titus 2: 12). 
What our example should be (1 Peter 2: 11, 12V We 
must have the mind- of Christ (1 Peter 4: 1, 2). Watch 
always (1 Cor. 10: 12). 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 10, 1920 


Sunday-school Lesson, Teter and John Heal a Lame 
Man.— Acts 3. 
Christian Workers' Meeting, Equipment of Workers. — 

Mark 1: 17. 

One was baptized recently in the Chanute church. Kans. 
One was reclaimed recently in the Schuylkill church. 

Three were baptized recently in the Rummel church, 

One accepted Christ recently in the Stanley church. 

One was baptized recently in the Miami church, N. 

One was baptized recently in the Waterford church, 
Calif. . 

One confessed Christ recently in the Chico church, 

One was baptized recently in the Kingsley church, 
Iowa. -• 

One accepted Christ recently at Vada, Thana District, 

Two were baptized recently in the Conway Springs 
church, Kans. 

Two have been added to the Bethel church, Va., since 
the last report. 

■ One has been baptized in the Osceola church, Mo., since 
the previous report. 

One confessed Christ in the Bluefield church, W. Va., 
since the last report. 

Two have been baptized in the Verdigris church, Kans., 
since last heard from. 

Five were baptized and one confessed Christ in the 
Indianapolis church, Ind. 

One has been baptized in the Kearney church, Nebr., 
since the previous report. 

Eight were baptized in the Harrisonburg church, Va., — 
Bro. E. S. Coffman, pastor in charge. 

Ten accepted Christ in the Lupoid church, Ind., — Bro. 
Omer Maphis, of Chicago, evangelist. 

Ten accepted Christ at Freeville, N. Y., — Bro. J. h. 
Mahon. of Van Burcn, Ind., evangelist. 

Nine were baptized in the Mexico church, Ind., — Bro. 
Ira Long, of Andrews, Ind., evangelist 

Ten were baptized in the Forest Chapel, Va., — Bro. C. 
H. Walter, of Summum, 111., evangelist. 

Fourteen were baptized inthe West Charleston church, 
Ohio,— Bro. J. C. Flora, pastor, in charge. 

Five confessed Christ in the Barren Ridge church, Va., 
— Bro. Geo. A. Early, of Maryland, evangelist. 

Three were baptized in the Glendale church, Ariz., — 
Bro. P. E. Robertson, of Lindsay, Calif., evangelist. 

Six were baptized in the Blackwater Chapel, Va., — Bro. 
N. C. Peters, of Boone Mills, same State, evangelist. 

Five were baptized in the Fairview church, Pa.,— Bro. 
J. J. Shaffer, of Hollidaysburg, same State, evangelist. 

Six united with the Pleasant Valley church, Tenn.,— Bro. 
A. M. Laughrun, of Jonesboro, same State, evangelist. 

Thirteen were added to the New Carlisle church, Ohio, 
— Bro. J. A. Robinson, of Des Moines, Iowa, evangelist. 

Three were baptized in the Farrenburg church, Mo., — 
Bro. B. E. Keslcr, of Poplar Bluff, same State, evangelist. 
Three confessed Christ in the Welsh Run church, Pa., — 
Bro. Samuel Stouffer, of Carlisle, same State, evangelist. 
Four stood for Christ in the Maiden Creek church, Pa., 
— Bro. Wm. Fretz, of South Hatfield, same State, evan- 

Two confessed Christ at Cocalico, Springville congre- 
gation, Pa.,— Bro. J. YV. G. Hershey, of Lititz, same State, 

Ten were baptized and one restored in the Bethlehem 
church, Va.,— Bro. C D. Hylton, of Troutville, same State, 

One stood for Christ at the Mt. Hope house, Chickies 
church, Pa.,— Bro. H. B. Hollinger, of Lebanon, same 
State, evangelist. 

Four were baptized and one reclaimed in the Portage 
church. Ohio,— Bro. C. W. Stutzman, of Metamora, same 
State, evangelist. ' 

Five confessed Christ, three of whom were baptized in 
the Rodney church. Mich.,— Bro. C. H. Deardorff, of Elm- 
dale, same State, evangelist. 

One was baptized recently at the Mission Chapel, Capon 
Chapel congregation, W. Va.,— Bro. John S. Fike, of Eg- 
lon, same State, evangelist; one was baptized at Milo, a 
mission po jnt of the same congregation,— Bro. B. W, 
Smith, of Burlington, W. Va., evangelist. 

Eight confessed Christ, seven of whom were baptized 
and one reclaimed in the Sidney church, Ohio, — Bro. S. 
Z. Smith, the pastor, in charge. 

Three were baptized and two reclaimed in the Cherry 
Lane house. Snake Spring congregation, Pa., — Bro. Geo. 
Batzel, of Tatesville, same State, evangelist. 

Eleven were baptized and one received on former bap- 
tism, in the Martinsburg church, Pa,— Bro. D. T. Det- 
wiler, of New Enterprise, same State, evangelist. 

Seventeen were added to the church by baptism and one 
reinstated in the East York church, Pa„ — Bro. John E. 
Rowland, of Buukertown, same State, evangelist. 

Four confessed Christ, two of whom were baptized in 
Brandts church, Back Creek congregation, Pa., — Bro. 
Chas. D. Bonsack, of New Windsor, Md., evangelist. 

Thirty-two is the total number of additions to the First 
Church, South Bend, Ind., since Aug. I. This number in- 
cludes the seven that were mentioned in the issue of Dec. 


Bro. D. M. Shorb, of Minot, N. Dak., to begin in June 
in the Egeland church, same State. 

Bro. S. F. Sanger, of Empire, Calif., to begin the last 
of January in the Ashland church, Oregon. 

Bro. B. F. Petry, of Ohio, to begin some time in Jan- 
uary at Bareville, Conestoga congregation. Pa. 

Bro. C. H. Steerman, of Honey Grove, Pa., to begin 
Jan. 18 in the Shady. Grove church, same State. 

Bro. Eshelman, of Rheems, Pa., to begin Jan. 17 in the 
Mohler house. Springville congregation, same State. 

Bro. E. E. Eshelman, of Fostoria, Ohio, to begin about 
the last of January in the Marion church, same State. 

Bro. Geo. Bashor, of Glendora, Calif., is conducting a 
series of meetings in the Waterford church, same State. 

Bro. S. G. Myers, of Jonestown, Pa., to begin Jan. 17 in 
the Boiling Springs house, Lower Cumberland congrega- 
tion, Pa. 


The District of Michigan is to be represented on the 
1920 Standing Committee by Eld. J. Edson Ulery. 

Bro. J. F. Britton, formerly of Bristow, Va., now of 
Nokesville, same State, requests his correspondents to 
note his change of address, and to enter the needed cor- 
rection in the 1920 Yearbook. 

Bro. H. A. Brubaker has closed his pastoral labors at 
Akron, Ohio, and has assumed the pastorate in Pasadena, 
Calif., where he is located at 207 S. Catalina Avenue. His 
correspondents will please note his change of address. 

Not the least joybus of the events which cheer our mis- 
sionaries are such as occurred Nov. 18 at the home of 
Brother and Sister I. E. Oberholtzer, of Ping Ting Chou, 
China, when there came to live with them Catherine Ruth 
and Emma Marie Oberholtzer. 

The committee of five, appointed to take under con- 
sideration the matters referred to in query 8 of the last 
Conference, met at Elgin for several days of last week. 
Brethren P. S. Miller, D. W. Kurtz, I. W. Taylor, G. A. 
Shamberger and John Heckman constitute the commit- 
tee, and all of them were present. 

A special farewell meeting was held by the Pomona 
church, Calif., Dec. 17, in honor of Bro. D L. Forney and 
wife, who had served the church in the pastoral relation- 
ship during the past year, and are soon to sail for India. 
Suitable tokens of esteem were presented to Brother and 
Sister Forney and a blessed season of Christian fellow- 
ship was enjoyed. 

Bro. F. L. Baker, of Freeville, N. Y., informs us that 
he can devote two or three weeks of his time in conduct-- 
ing Vocal Music Normals among the churches. These 
terras consist of from ten to twenty-five lessons, and re- 
quire for their completion from five to ten days' time. 
Churches desiring his services should communicate with 
him at once, for he may be unable to be absent from his 
other duties after Feb. 10. 

The latest word received from the first group of mis- 
sionaries, sailing for India, was written under date of Nov. 
26. They expected to reach Port Said within the next 
day or two. Progress was slow and the accommodations 
not at all good, yet they were glad to be on their way, 
even under difficulties, they had decided to land at Kar- 
achi, India, where the boat was to stop four days to un- 
load cargo. In this way they hoped to reach their des- 
tination about a week earlier than if -they waited for the 
boat to go on to Bombay. 

Bro. Ira H. Fox, who has, for some time, been in pas- 
toral charge of the work at Brooklyn, Iowa, has been 
obliged, because of failing health, to resign from his 
duties in that congregation. He is locating temporarily 
at Centralia, Wash., until he can arrange for a pastorate. 
After Feb. 1 he will be available for pastoral duties in 
some church on the Pacific Coast. Until such an arrange- 
ment is consummated, however, his services may be se- 
cured after Feb. 1, for series of meetings. Any church, 
desiring his assistance in such an effort, should make im- 
mediate application by addressing Bro. Fox at 320 South 
Tower Avenue, Centralia, Wash. 

Bro. Roger D. Winger, of Chicago, 111., in connection 
with further research work in the Publishing House li- 
brary, favored the Elgin congregation with much appre- 
ciated sermons, last Sunday morning and evening. 

Pres. S. J. Miller, of La Verne College, is spending a 
few days at Elgin this week, between the Student Volun- 
teer Convention, at Des-Moines, and a meeting of edu- 
cators in Chicago, which he desires to attend before his 
return to California. 

Yes, we are back from the Des Moines Convention, just 
in time to say this much: It was a great event in the Chris- 
tian student life of the world, full of significance, we be- 
lieve, for the future of Christianity. We may have some 
further observations to make about it in subsequent issues. 

On page 31 the Business Department makes an unusual- 
ly favorable offer, whereby any one may renew a " Mes- 
senger " subscription and, at the same time, secure four 
good books at the very low price of $3.75, all told. If you 
do not care for all of the four books, you can obtain what- 
ever selection you prefer, at the price stated. Immediate 
action is needed to obtain these special- premiums while 
the stock lasts. The offer will not be available after the 
stock of the boo^s on hand is exhausted. 

Bro. D. C. Mqomaw makes a new offer of prizes, on 
page 28, that should prove quite attractive to those of 
literary aspirations. Be sure to turn to his communication 
and note his conditions. By putting forth your very best 
effort you -may succeed in securing the proffered award. 
But even if you should not be so fortunate, it will Still be 
time and effort well spe*nt to make the attempt. The ex- 
perience that is gained by strenuous and faithful applica- 
tion of that sort will eventually bring a fruitage that is 
really valuable. 


The Goshen church, Ohio, desires to secure a pastor, 
and correspondence to this end is invited. Address J. F. 
Shrider, South Zanesville, Ohio, for further information. 

Boise Valley church, Idaho, is looking for a pastor, and 
would be pleased to correspond with some one who is 
available. Further information may be secured by ad- 
dressing David Betts, Nampa, Idaho. 

The Fresno church, Calif,, is looking for a pastor— the 
present incumbent, Bro. J. Harman Stover, having been 
called to other fields. Any qualified minister, desiring 
pastoral work on the Coast, will please address O. P. Hyl- 
ton. 2620 Clay Avenue, Fresno, Calif. 

The members of the Shade Creek congregation were 
unfortunate enough to lose one of their three places of 
worship — the Ridge house — which Dec. 8 was destroyed 
by fire. With commendable energy, however; it was de- 
cided at a council, some days later, to rebuild as soon as 
possible, and a committee was authorized to make the 
necessary plans to that end. A zeal "of that sort is truly 
worth while, for it accomplishes things. 

Bro. T. A. Robinson, Peace Valley, Mo., desires to know 
if February of any previous year had five Sundays, as is 
the case with February of this year. He suggests that 
an answer to his inquiry. might be of interest to others 
also. We herewith give the years, inquired about by our 
brother: 1824, 1852, 1880. During the present century 
there are two years, 1948 and 1976 — besides the current 
one — that have a like number of Sundays in February. 

Have you renewed your "Messenger" subscription? If 
not, please attend to it promptly and avoid the necessity 
of removing and replacing your name, as well as the pos- 
sibility of missing a few issues. We are addressing those, 
of course, whose subscriptions expire at this season of the 
year. However, you can set the date of expiration as far 
ahead as you like, even if your paper still has some months 
to run. Anyway, don't let the time run out entirely. And 
why not make sure of that NOW? 

The 1920 Yearbook, to which we referred in an ex- 
tended write-up two weeks ago, well deserves a place in 
the home of every member. In fact, we do not see how 
any one can afford to do without this compact handbook 
of useful information. It is sold for but ten cents, in con- 
nection with a "Messenger" subscription, which is very - 
reasonable indeed, considering that other houses charge 
from twenty-five to seventy-five cents for like publica- 
tions. If you want to be sure of getting a copy, send your 
order TODAY. 

The Elizabethtown College Bible Institute announced 
in our last issue, is to be followed by a two weeks' Train- 
ing School for Church Leaders, Jan. 16-30. Special fea- 
tures of the instruction are courses for ministers on the 
preparation and delivery of sermons and an opportunity 
to complete Book One of " Training the Sunday-School 
Teacher." Eld. E-. B. Hoff, of Bethany Bible School, who 
is giving instruction in the Bible Institute, will also have 
a prominent part in these two weeks of special work. 
Pres. H. k K. Ober will conduct a class in Sunday-School 
Administration. Other important work in teacher-train- 
ing will be given by Sisters Elsie Shickel and Martha Mar- 
tin. It is hoped that many may take advantage of these 
splendid opportunities. Inquiries about board and room 
and requests for other information should be addressed 
to the College as early as possible. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER^January 10, 1920 



The Reason Why 

If any one still wonders whether foreign missions are 
absolutely imperative, let him ponder these four facts: 
(1) Because in China there is but one Protestant mission 
station to every 400,000 of population. One-tenth of one 
per cent of the population are evangelical Christians. (2) 
Because in India there is but one Protestant mission sta- 
tion to every 350,000 of population. Only three-fifths of 
one per cent are enrolled as members of evangelical 
churches. (3) Because in Japan there is but one Protestant 
mission station to every 190,000 of population. Evangelical 
Christians claim one-sixth of one per cent of the popula- 
tion. (4) Because in Africa, on the isles of the sea, and on 
many another continent, there are countless millions of 
souls hungering for the Bread of Life. 

Prosperity and Prohibition 
A remarkable decrease of charity recipients is reported 
from. New York, as a result of closed saloons arid plenty 
of well-paid work. On Christmas Day the famous Bow- 
ery Mission served only 400 persons, whereas in former 
years at least 1,500 persons had to be provided for. At 
Hadley's Rescue Hall only a few hundred appeared for 
dinner, and many other missions omitted the usual 
Christmas dinner altogether, because of a lack of appli- 
cants. At the noted McAuley Mission, on Water Street, 
no one appeared at noon, so that the substantial repast 
had to be deferred until the evening hour. Even then 
there was but a small fraction of the customary 1,500, 
usually in attendance. While liquor defenders belittle the 
results of prohibition in every way, the facts alluded to 
above speak for themselves. 

More " Red " Leaders to Be Deported 
Following the announcement that the Department of 
Justice is rounding up approximately 2,800 more bolshe- 
vists in various parts of the country for deportation to 
Europe, Attorney-General Palmer, Dec. 29, urged the 
American people to make a renewed effort "to study, un- 
derstand, and appreciate the so-called 'Red' movement." 
The attorney-general urges that the "Red" propaganda 
can be counteracted effectively by exposing its pernicious 
purposes through the press, the church, the schools, patri- 
otic organizations and other means, all of which may 
successfully counteract their insidious attacks. Recent 
outspoken threats by the "Reds" seem to indicate that 
their presence in this country constitutes a real danger- 
one that justifies our Government in taking decidedly en- 
ergetic action against their further activities. 

Decadence of White Races 
In a previous issue we referred to the rise and decline 
of nations, as revealed in the annals of history. Strong 
realms have flourished for centuries, and even dominated 
their weaker neighbors, only to be swept away by sudden 
disintegration. It is of interest to note, in this connec- 
tion, the testimony of Dr. C. W. Saleeby, considered to 
be one of the best eugenists of Europe. In a recent ad- 
dress at Glasgow he said: "We have a warning in the 
history of three great nations, once enjoying world su- 
premacy but now only feebly reminding us of their former 
greatness— the Spanish, the Italian and the Greek. To- 
day we have three great leading European races— Eng- 
lish, Scotch and French — and every one of these is now 
suffering from racial degeneration. It is but fair to say 
that alcohol is playing a leading part in this national de- 
cay." -It would seem that a warning, as given above, de- 
serves to be duly considered. 

The Church Can Rid the World of Leprosy 
According to a recent statement of Fleming H. Revell 
—who is to represent the American Committee of the 
Mission to Lepers at the "All-India Leper Workers' Con- 
ference " at Calcutta, in February— the Christian church 
can rid the world of leprosy in a few years, if it will set 
itself to the task. The foreign survey, now being made, 
will show definitely just where lepers are located. The 
Mission to Lepers is now allied with twelve American 
and twenty-one British and Canadian denominational 
boards in this work. Thus cooperating, humane laws re- 
garding lepers can be framed by the respective Govern- 
ments, and proper segregation of those, suffering from the 
disease, can be brought about. Mr. Revell says that most 
of the nations of the East are contributing to the Mission 
to Lepers, and missionaries everywhere are doing much 
volunteer work in its behalf. Leprosy, it should be re- 
membered, is by no means confined to the Orient. In 
the United States there are considerably more than five 
hundred cases. Besides those afflicted with leprosy, some 
who have been exposed to it, are coming to America. 
Leprosy, while not hereditary, is, under certain condi- 
tions, highly infectious and there is, therefore, great need 
for precaution. Segregation for lepers has proved its ef- 
fectiveness on the Island of Culion, in the Philippines, 
where the 9,000 leper cases of a few years ago, have been 
reduced to less than half, 

The Good Work Is Moving On 
Possibly Brazil may be the next nation of the Western 
Hemisphere to line up for prohibition. President Pessoa 
is convinced of the desirability of such a move, and in his 
last message to the Congress of that republic urged the 
elimination of intoxicants with all his characteristic vigor. 
He is fortunate in one respect, at least, that his crusade 
is endorsed by practically all the newspapers of the coun- 
try. It is no surprise to be informed that, in consequence 
of such a formidable opposition, the liquor interests of 
Brazil are greatly alarmed, and are resorting to all the 
favorite expedients of their fellow-craftsmen in the United 
States, to postpone the dethronement of " King Alcohol." 
But they might as well resign themselves to their fate. 
The cause of right is marching on. 

" Uncle Sam " as the " Good Samaritan " 
Four tottering infant republics in the Caucasus have ap- 
pealed to the all-powerful United States for protection. 
These nations — Armenians, Georgians, the Tartars of the 
Republic of Azerbaidjan, and the Circassians of the North 
Caucasus Republic — are composed of peoples as distinct 
as the Italians and Swedes, and once were undej- the con- 
trol of Russia. Varied allied missions which have swarmed 
to Tiflis, as conditions grew worse, have proved even 
mofe callous and indifferent than the priest and Levite of 
old. They have merely sought to profit by the misfor- 
tunes of these helpless nations. No wonder these people 
look to President Wilson and his noted "fourteen points" 
as a sort of guarantee that "a square deal" will be given ' 
them. The very fact that unstinted relief was administered 
to the starving Orientals by America, causes them to hope 
for justice and equity. 

Desolate, Hungry Austria 
■ Austria, at one time the historic symbol of absolutism, 
is down and out — the most abject symbol of misery, rags 
and hunger. Whatever its arrogant political ambitions 
may have been at one time, it no longer hungers for a 
larger slice of the Balkans. It hungers for just a little 
slice of bread. Austria may be compared to the ship- 
wrecked sailor who, in an open boat, is exposed to the 
fury of the elements. At the present time the problem of 
Austria is no longer political— it calls for a humanitarian 
solution. The proposition is simply this: "Shall human 
beings be left to starve? Can we afford to do it? Is it a 
credit to humanity to watch a nation sink into utter de- 
cay, even if her people are, in part, responsible for the sad 
plight in which they now find themselves?" Herbert 
Hoover, after close investigation, declares that Austria is 
draining the bitter dregs in her cup of suffering, and that 
a helping hand must be extended to her. 

A Perplexing Situation 
In casting a retrospective glance at the course of events 
during the year that has just closed, not even the most 
optimistic observer can claim that the hopes and expec- 
tations of the last weeks of 1918 have been realized. The 
weeks that followed the signing of the ever memorable 
armistice, were filled with glowing anticipations. No one 
dreamed that the year to follow would be one of disil- 
lusionment and disappointment. Wholly unlooked for 
was the period of suspense, uncertainty, perplexity and 
drifting. As it appears to the unprejudiced onlooker, the 
world's diplomats and political leaders — experienced as 
they may be — have not succeeded in wholly restoring the 
disturbed world situation to a condition of permanence. 
This, perhaps, would have been more than could be right- 
fully expected, in view of conflicting claims and preferenc- 
es. As Clemenceau, the brilliant French premier, so aptly 
said: "The making of the world peace proved to be more 
difficult than the making of war." A number of things 
had to be reckoned with — old forces of aggression, old 
prejudices and old ambitions — and it was due to these 
that a real era of world peace, with all implied thereby, 
failed to materialize. The spirit of self-sacrifice — so nobly 
exhibited during the years of the struggle — failed to sur- 
vive the cessation of the contest. The narrow, selfish in- 
terests of nation, party, group and individual once more 
asserted their sway. So far as world affairs were con- 
cerned, the highest idealism and the most enlightened 
statesmanship surrendered to the sinister diplomacy of 
intrigue, suspicion and wholly selfish manipulations. It 

is not strange at all that this situation should also be re- 
flected in civic affairs. As never before, we have been 
confronted by profiteering, extravagance, self-indulgence, 
partisan trickery, and personal ambitions. It is evident 
to all that such conditions can not be allowed to continue. 
If the world is to escape new and greater disasters, there 
must be a speedy return to solid achievement, sincere and 
tolerant cooperation, of constructive work and of progress 
—material and moral. And that, we are glad to say, is a 
task that challenges the best and noblest endeavors of the 
nation as well as of every individual. 

Startling Facts 
Dr. Walter S. Athearn, of the Religious Education Di- 
vision, Interchurch World Movement, has made some as- 
tounding discoveries, as the result of recent surveys in a 
number of typical cities. He tells us that the 1,600,000 
Jewish children in the United States receive an average 
of 250 hours of religious education annually; the 8,000,000 
Catholic children receive 200 hours of religious education 
annually; but the Protestant children receive an average 
of qnly twenty-four hours of religious education annually. 
Think" of the further fact that 27,000,000 Protestant boys 
and girls are not affiliated with any particular Sunday- 
school, as compared with 16,000,000 who, while enrolled, 
do not attend regularly. A total of $13,802,982 was spent 
for tobacco pipes and the manufacture of cigar boxes in 
1918, while only $589,594 was spent for religious education. 

Social Centers for Young People 
In recognition of the fact that the Y. M. C. A. and Y. 
W. C. A. serve a distinct purpose in the social life of the 
community, and especially among young people, the 
Methodist Church proposes to embody the desirable fea- 
tures of the two organizations, above named, in an in- 
stitution of their own. It is proposed to establish Meth- 
odist social centers in every city, and even smaller towns 
will be provided with at least one of these places where 
young people may gather for effective work and become 
a real power in the community. It must be conceded that, 
after all, the church that succeeds in reaching young peo- 
ple is the one that gets down to methods adapted to pres- 
ent-day conditions. As now planned, the Methodist so- 
cial centers aim at real spiritual betterment— a distinct 
Christian uplift of the community. It is a work of rare 
promise. _ 

English Farmers to Be Land Owners 
A peaceful revolution is going on just now in English 
country districts— irf fact it has already been largely ac- 
complished. Most of our readers are familiar with the fact 
that heretofore practically all the land in English country 
districts has been held by large estates— the farmers mere- 
ly leasing the ground they tilled. Now the holders of the 
large tracts of land are selling out, in conformity with 
the new public policy of giving the humble tillers of the 
soil a chance to own the ground they are cultivating. The 
new departure has been hastened by several legislative 
measures — chiefly the heavy taxation imposed upon the 
holders of large estates, some of which contain as many 
as 40,000 acres. To the farming communities of England 
the new .opportunity is a most momentous one. With 
the abolition of the old feudal system, land ownership be- 
comes possible to every industrial tiller of the soil. 

Conscientious Objectors in Central Europe 
According to recent information it appears that the 
Mennonites of Germany, at the very start of hostilities, re- 
fused all participation in war activities, and suffered great- 
ly in consequence. There were also many others who 
were conscientiously opposed to war. None were exe- 
cuted, but they would have been, it is thought, had not 
the more liberal element of the country forced the Gov- 
ernment to adopt milder measures. At one time at least 
400,000 persons, in all. refused to bear arms. These were 
severely penalized, but finally released. These facts, how- 
ever, were kept from the public as much as possible. In 
Austria and Hungary a group of conscientious objectors, 
known as " Nazarenes," declared their utter opposition 
to war. Early in the struggle some of them were shot, but 
later on noncombatant work was provided for them. 
Many of these died because of the dangerous duties as- 
signed them — ambulance work and trench digging under 


America's Greatest Gift to the Near East 
Mr. Bayard Dodge, son of Mr. Cleveland H. Dodge, the 
noted New York philanthropist, has made a definite, first- 
hand study of conditions in the Near East, under the 
auspices of the American Committee for Armenian and 
Syrian Relief. According to his observations, financial 
aid is not all that is needed for these unfortunate people 
of the Bible Lands. The greatest gift America can give 
the Near East is not altogether money, food and clothing. 
All of those things are vital for the moment, but the great 
gift America can and should provide is that of teaching 
the people again how to live and love as Jesus lived and 
loved. That, of course, is no slight task. It means some- 
thing, to ingrain again into that population — demoralized 
by years of war and massacre and spoliation — a true con- 
sciousness of character and unselfishness. It is to teach 
men to live for each other, rather than for themselves. 
It is the great achievement of New England that mis- 
sionary influences have been started throughout the Near 
East. Thousands of children are being given a start in 
life through the mission schools. The Gospel is being 
preached throughout the length and breadth of the Le- 
vant. For the ultimate religious upbuilding of the Bible 
Lands we must look to the higher educational institutions 
that have been founded years ago by consecrated Chris- 
tian men and women of America. These centers of in- 
fluence must be depended upon for trained leaders in the 
uplift of the downtrodden and neglected populace. Then, 
too, we should not forget the praiseworthy endeavors of 
the American Bible Society in supplying the Word of 
Life in all needed languages for the people of those re- 
gions. How clearly we may thus note the fulfillment of 
the promise, so confidently expressed by the "Sweet Sing- 
er of Israel": "The entrance of thy word giveth light"! 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 10, 1920 



In the morning stretched before me 

Plains all rosy, met my sight. 
Distant mountain peaks encircled 

With a misty pearly light. 
In and out adown the valley 

Like a shim'ring silver thread, 
Wound the blossom-bordered pathway. 

Whence my eager feet must tread. 
But at noon-day, as I traveled, 

Changes wrought were past belief, 
For the gem-encircled mountains 

Showed their rocks in bold relief 
And full many a yawning chasm 

I had bridged since early morn, 
Finding too, the rarest blossom, 

Oft concealed the sharpest thorn. 

But at eventide, at sunset, 

What a joy it was to find 
All the rugged rocks were golden 

As I turned to look behind. 
In the early morning rosy. 

Then at sunset turned to gold, 
So 'twas only while in passing 

Things were barren, rough and old. 

I have told this allegory 

And the meaning of it's plain — _ 
In the morning life is rosy, 

But the living oft is pain. 
But in retrospect, at evening. 

When the sunset gates unfold, 
We shall find our pain and heartache, 

Like the mountains, turned to gold. 
La Verne, Calif. 

The Unlit Lamp 


The storm clamored in vain for admittance at the 
windows, heavily coated with frost. The crimson cur- 
tains were drawn close, the hyacinths and primroses 
brought summer into the room where Barbara was 
reading. She put some wood on the fire, thinking all 
the while that it was a rare pleasure to read a poem. 
Usually she was too busy to take time enough for any- 
thing excepting the Gospel Messenger, Our Young 
People, and an occasional new book. Now, this poem, 
which she had read before, revealed a bit of truth over 
which she mused and dreamed by the glowing fire: 

" Let a man contend to the uttermost 
For his life's set prize, be it what it will! . . . 
And the sin I impute to each frustrate ghost 
Is the unlit lamp and the ungirt loin," 

" Did Browning write this when the old year was 
almost gone?" Barbara questioned. She closed her 
book. In the yellow flames she saw again scenes and 
pictures of days just gone. She had carried a lit lamp, 
but even so she had not seen her duty — she had left 
undone the thing she should have done. Very sorrow- 
fully she acknowledged that she must have seen the 
duty of the hour, but she had turned away from it — 
too selfishly busy with something else, to do the one 
thing which the Lord asked of her. Yes, she had con- 
tended to the uttermost. Perhaps ambition had 
crowded out love until she failed to see her duty to 

Dear " Old Year " — the Spirit is bringing all things 
to our remembrance. So unceasingly did it keep us at 
our tasks that we murmured often and wished things 
were otherwise. Now, since the year is ended, lo, we 
have it back as never before, and it will go with us 
even unto the end of time. 

Our lamp was lit ! The year promised much if we 
would do our part. We worked hard, through weari- 
ness and pain often; then we were held back from do- 
ing much that we wanted to do. In the early morning 
we began. Like a weaver at the loom we labored until 
long after the sun had dropped, like a ball of orange, 
behind the mountains. The next morning the loom was 
empty. We had to bring new materials for it. Day 
after day we brought our plans and hopes, and kept on 
working. What of it all? Eventually we dreaded to 

They say that when the old year goes, she leaves 
her keys. Her closets are opened, and there we may 
find the fabric upon which we have been toiling all 
through these days. Grandmother would sing: 
" Our life is a dream, our time as a stream 
Glides swiftly away, 
And the fugitive moment refuses to stay," 

Time is serious stuff. Out of it eternity grows. 
Somewhere in a book is written : " Jane Smith, born — ; 
died — ." Your mother may have told yoti the first 
date, but it is that second one that makes us pause- 
it is unknown. This- much is sure; — you are one year 
nearer that second date than you were Jan. 1, 1919. 
You have the chance to make good this one hour. All 
is in God's hands — the Judge of the quick and the 
dead. Now, since the old year is gone, we feel a 
strange yearning towards it. We are acquainted with 
the old year; we dread meeting the new year — so 
young, so strong, so ready for any fate. 
"Not heaven itself upon the past has power; 
But what has been, has been, and I have had my hour." 

We leave it with God. " The tender grace of a day 
that is dead will never come back to me," -but now let 
us regard the old year hopefully. No matter what our 
loss or our r cross, the old year made us do much good, 
that we would rather have left undone. We were 
faithful many times when we felt inclined to. leave it 
all, but-we put duty before pleasure ; we ranked others 
first. Jesus with us, and we see clearly that we were 
happy in the old year. We lived justly and kindly with 
our fellows. Now, if the sense of things undone has 
saddened us for the moment, yet we shall see that we 
were happy. What ripeness is to the orange, what 
sweet song is to the lark, that is our delight in the days 
which God gives. 

We reach out longingly to a worthier course of life. 
Humbly we sink on our knees and call upon our 
Father for the help and the grace we need. Patiently 
we realize that the old year is not dead. We want to 
make this year better because of it, knowing that we 
must ever carry with us the old year. We can make 
the new year a happy one if we let Jesus carry our 
cares. Then the sunshine in our heart will warm those 
about us ; we want it to be a year of service — a happy 
year from first to last. 

Johnstown, Pa. 

The "Hurty" Kind 


The opening scene took place in a drafty room in 
one of the tenements down in the " River District." 
The district visiting nurse had helped to usher a new 
little life into the world. A brief, but energetic, search 
on her part failed to bring to light anything with which 
to clothe the child. Wrapping the shivering mite of 
humanity first in a newspaper and then in the only 
covering available — a filthy remnant of an old cotton 
blanket — she sallied forth in search of more suitable 
clothing for the human being, whose advent into the 
world had been attended by such cruel circumstances. 
" An emergency case," she explained, as, with quick, 
dexterous movements, she jumped into the car and 
took the wheel. " Fortunately, though, I know just 
where to go to find something already made." 

Straight through the slum district, in and out amidst 
the busy traffic of Main Street, across several residence 
streets, driven by a firm, capable hand, went the 
familiar little one-seated sedan. Before a handsome 
home, on Forest Boulevard, it came to a standstill. 
With compressed lips and the sparkle of determination 
in her eye, the nurse alighted. Resolutely walking to 
the front entrance, she sent a resounding electric bell 
summons pealing through the roomy dwelling. 

The mistress of the mansion, a young matron, calm 
of demeanor but very sad of countenance, herself an- 
swered the imperative demand. There ensued a brief 
conversation between the two women, and then the 
district nurse entered the dwelling. When, a short 
time later, she came forth again, she was carrying a 
package — a rather large-sized one, apparently hastily 
put together and as hurriedly wrapped in a newspaper. 
Composing the bundle were little garments, fine and 
soft, and warm little flannels and flannelettes— tiny 

garments, into which had been stitched the most tender 
love and expectation— precious garments, whose 
wearer had~~worn them such a brief time, until the 
Good Shepherd had called-his tender little lamb up into 
the sa'fe care of the angel-nursery. 

The district nurse unceremoniously tossed the bundle 
into the car and followed it with herself. She laid 
hold of the wheel and the car was soon speeding back 
toward the place whence we had so recently started. 
The lips of the driver were still _ compressed and her 
eyes were still flashing with -resolution. But it was 
noticeable that the flash was tempered and that the 
eyes were soft and beautiful with tears. 

It was some little time before she spoke : " I hated 
like everything to do that," she said. " Mrs. Miller's 
baby was buried only three days ago. The mother has 
not yet recovered from the shock sufficiently to reason 
things out. It hurt her hard, oh, it was a sore triattor 
her to give the little-clothes she did. Fine and humane 
as she is, at first I thought she was going to- refuse. 
But I insisted, pleading the necessity of the case, and 
she gave them — the very warmest and best of them, 
too. That's the stuff — the real stuff." 

Beneath the force of feeling the firm lips compressed 
all the closer and the little sedan came near breaking 
the city speed limit. Then she continued : " There's 
precious little of it going, too. There's giving and 
giving of all degrees and colors, but there's mighty 
little of the 'hurty' kind — the kind which costs the 
giver some deprivation — the kind that gives the donor 
a pain in the region of the left lung, when he lets go of 
what he gives. Bah, just to think of some of the dona- 
tions that we who serve the pauper-public people — 
poor things — do handle ! Cast-off rubbish and cloth- 
ing is given to get rid of it, because the owner has no 
farther use for it! Money is given simply for the 
name of it — reputation socially or politically. Provi- 
sions are given because ' they will not keep,' and so 
along the line of giving. Of course, much that is 
given with this motive is useful and as such serves a 
worthy purpose. . But what I want to get at is, that 
there's nothing in it for the giver unless the gift is 
marked with blood — plain life-blood, let-go heart- 
ache — such as the giver of these " — here the speaker 
touched the bundle with the toe of her nurse's shoe — 
" cost that mother back yonder, such as it is costing the 
workers in the field on jobs such as I have on hand this 
morning. Do not fancy that we choose the service be- 
cause we like it. No, indeed. Sacrifice in capital let- 
ters is written all over the giving of one's self to the 
doing of it. It costs something, believe me, it does. 

But here the swiftly-moving car struck the rough, 
unpaved surface of River Street again. For several 
moments the driver had her mind as well as her hands 
filled with the mastery of the little sedan. " Pardon 
me," she smiled, as the alarming situation settled down 
to normal again, " for becoming personal. This public 
work is apt to harden one — in some ways. We come 
in contact with so much suffering and so much selfish- 
ness, that the finer part of one's being has a hard time 
of keeping alive. I used to be sentimental but now I 
see only the practical side of things. But here we are." 
The car stopped. The nurse stooped to pick up the 
bundle at her feet. Her eyes shone with satisfaction. 
She nodded toward the apology of a dwelling before 
which we had drawn up. " Say, won't that krddie- 
mite in there be glad for these nice warm flannels — 
while they last? He's a lusty, healthy chap, and well 
worth saving. Good-bye; I'll see you later." And the 
uniformed figure disappeared from view within the 
filthy, ill-smelling interior of the old hovel. 
Ashland, Ohio. 


(Continued from Page 23) 

A special financial meeting will be held Jan. 2, including 
a prayer meeting. 

Since our last report several ministers from other lo- 
calities have preached for us: Bro. C. A. Wright, of Man- 
chester, gave us some illustrated talks on the tobacco 
question. His talk on Sunday was interesting even to the 
boys and girls. Dec. 14 Bro. Thomas, of Manchester, 
gave some earnest thoughts for the good of the cause. 
Bro, Priser, of Manchester, preached for us Dec. 21. For 
the same evening our young people's superintendent, Sis- 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 10, 1920 


ter Lena Hcaston, arranged a Christmas program, which 
was very well given by the little folks of the Sunday- 
school. Bro. Priser also preached a Christmas sermon. 
Huntington, Ind. Lillian Earhart; 

The Ministerial Meeting of the Tennessee District con- 
vened in the Pleasant Valley church Nov. 29. Devotion- 
al exercises were conducted by Bro. C. B. Miller. Bro. 
A. E. Nead was elected Moderator, and Bro. S. W. Beals, 
Clerk. ■ 

Topic 1, "The Object and Aiin of Church Discipline," 
was discussed by Brethren Austin Diehl, J. D. Clark and 
C. B. Miller; Topic 2, "The Home Mission," by Brethren 

A. M. Laughrun, J. D. Clark and P. D. Reed; Topic 3, 
" Present Church Conditions, Their Cause and How to 

-Remedy Them," by Brethren S. J. Bowman and P. D. 
Reed; Topic 4," Best Methods of Winning Souls," by 
Brethren R. B. Pritchett and C. B. Miller; Topic 5, "The 
Importance of Proper Home Training," by Brethren J. 

B. Hilbert and S. W. Beals. 

The speakers all showed deep spirituality and thorough 
preparation in the discussion of their topics, and made 
this one of the best meetings we have ever had. 

Our missionary offering amounted to $40. Nov. 30, 
Bfo. A. M. Laughrun began a series of meetings, which 
continued until Dec. 14. Six united with the church and 
every one who attended was spiritually benefited. 

Jonesboro, Teun., Dec. 22. Pearl Sellers. 


This is written on Christmas night. The writer being 
nearly seventy-one years of age, she is, like some others, 
spending a lonely life, I am facing empty chairs and a 
silent place in the home. There is less to do and more 
to bear, because dear ones have crossed the silent river. 
Of one thing I am glad — that spring will be here again 
by and by. And what is the message of spring, as we 
hopefully look forward to it? It is a wonderful revela- 
tion, because it is the. message of life. Winter is the time 
of repose, when, by the quiet fireside, we wait for the 
time of renewed activity. 

All the leaves left the trees when winter came, but with 

. the approach of spring, life will come to vegetation now 

lying dormant beneath the snow. With the balmy days 

of spring every little sprig will sprout upward to renewed 


Empty hearts, empty hands, be ye filled! Be ye filled 
with the sure faith of willingness! The inner message of 
spring is life, but there is a soul-awakening, as well as an 
earth-awakening. No winter is ever cold enough to kill 
out life. It is only the shell, from which life temporarily 
withdraws, that winter's icy hand can crush. Life escapes 
the enemy and is renewed again, so let us live with the 
promise of spring to cheer us! Let us live and work for 
Christ and be faithful until the end of this life, for spring 
will come again with its vernal brightness. 
Union, Ohio. Mary Donston. 


We held our regular quarterly council in the Westmin- 
ster house Dec. 11, with Eld. Uriah Bixler presiding. Bro. 
Geo. A. Early's letter was read, and he was received as a 
member of this congregation, in his office as a minister. 
Brethren E. M. Bish and D. M. Young, together with our 
elder, were retained as a committee, to solicit the entire 
congregation for funds for much needed Westminster 
church improvements. 

Brethren Harry Yingling and Walter Young were re- 
elected Sunday-school superintendents for our Westmin- 
ster school, while Brethren Frank Garner and Arthur Nail 
continue as superintendents for Meadow Branch. The 
men's organized Bible class at Meadow Branch reorgan- 
ized Dec. 10, with Bro. Herbert Petry, president, and. 
Brethren J. W. Thomas and Geo. A. Early, teachers. The 
young women's Bible class, of the same place, reorgan- 
ized Dec. 13, by electing Sister Maggie Little, president, 
and Sisters Lavinia C. Roop and Rosa A. Geiman, teach- 
ers. The young ladies' Bible class, of the same school, 
reorganized Dec. 6, with Sister Anna Little, president, and 
Sisters Eugenia Geiman and Helen E. Roop, teachers. 
These classes all made splendid reports of work done 
during the year now closing. 

Our spring love feast has been set for May 22, to begin 
at 2:30 P. M. W. E. Roop. 

Westminster, Md. 


Through the able leadership of Bro. H. E. Wagner, the 
Christian Workers' Society has been one of the best 
services of the church work throughout the year. A spe- 
cial program was arranged for Oct. 12 and the Victorian, 
or Young People's Class, had full charge of the meeting. 
Recitations and special music were given, led by Sister 
Ruth Hoover. Seventy-six were present. Nov. 9 the 
Bible Class, taught hy Rro. Dietz, our pastor, gave a 
special program, which was enjoyed by the young people. 

Bro. J. E. Ulery was with us recently and preached 
three excellent evangelistic sermons. Dec. 13 the last 
quarterly council was held, and the election of officers 
resulted as follows: Pastor and chairman of the board 

meetings, Bro. John F. Dietz; superintendent of the Amer- 
ican Sunday-school, Bro. John P. Guthrie; superintend- 
ent of the Chinese Sunday-school, the writer; president 
of the Christian Workers' Meeting, Bro. H. E. Wagner; 
trustee for a period of three years, Bro. John P. Guthrie; 
"Messenger" agent, Sister Pifer; correspondent, the 
writer; church clerk, Bro. H. L. Fahrney; financial sec- 
retary, Bro. Ed. Wcisenberger. 

The Victorian class meeting was held Dec. 12, when 
Rev. A. Muyskens, pastor of the Knox Presbyterian 
church, gave an excellent address on "Faith." The or- 
ganization was effected, with Bro. G. R. Dietz as presi- 
dent. Afterward an interesting program was given. The 
class grew from eleven to thirty-eight during the year. 
A large number of the scholars have been teachers of the 
Chinese and other classes during the year. One united 
with the church, two have been elected deacons, and one 
has been chosen to the ministry. The amount of $64 
has been paid into the class treasury and $280 has been 
given to the Sunday-school offering so far this year. 

A special offering of $57.80, as a Christmas gift to the 
church, was taken Dec. 21. A program was given by the 
Cradle Roll, Primary and Junior Departments on Sunday 
morning,. Dec. 14. A cantata, " The Great Light," was 
given by the young people, directed by Bro. Chas. Blough. 
We are, indeed, very fortunate to have Bro. Blough with 
us. He led the singing one year at Annual Conference. 
The new addition to our church will be completed about 
Jan. 1. We will have five more class-rooms, and more 
ample seating capacity in the basement, to take care of 
our people on love feast occasions. We have far more 
than doubled each year for the past three years, and hope 
to repeat it this year. 

You can help by sending names and addresses of any 
members you know of; you can also help by giving them 
the address of the church: 751 Cadillac Avenue. 

M. B. Williams. 

Bro. J. L. Mahon, of Van Buren, Ind., just closed a very 
successful evangelistic campaign here at Freeville. This 
was the first meeting of the kind ever held by the Breth- 
ren at Freeville. 

We dedicated our churchhouse Nov. 16, free of debt. 
This was the gift of the brethren and sisters of the East- 
ern District of Pennsylvania at our recent Ministerial 

Bro. Mahon delivered, in all, thirty-four sermons — the 
first one being the dedicatory sermon and the last one 
directed especially to the dear ones who enlisted under 
the banner of King Emmanuel during the meetings. 

Of the ten who accepted the Savior, as a result of these 
efforts, three are members' children. Six had no knowl- 
edge of the Church of the Brethren till we came here in 
May, 1917. One had only a superficial acquaintance with 
our people, while residing, for a short time, at Fruita, 
Colo. One has been a member of the Baptist church for 
many years — the greater part of that time serving as a 
minister in that denomination. He severs his relation 
with that body because he Es convinced that he can walk 
more nearly in the foot-steps of the Master by uniting 
with us. We trust that God will lengthen his life, so 
that he may be privileged to bring the Message of Sal- 
vation to many souls. 

Among those added to the church, there are six homes 
represented. Three of the number are mothers. A num- 
ber of others are counting the cost. 

We ask an interest in your prayers, and urge that oth- 
ers, who are changing location, come to Freeville and help 
in the work. The field is ripe for the harvest. 

-•-* F. L. Baker. 

A year ago our hearts were overflowing with joy and 
gladness that the awful war, with all its carnage, cruelty 
and sorrow had closed, and that our boys were coming 
home. While it is true that this year has brought to us 
some bright days and many inspirations and joys, it is 
also true that, as 1919 closes its volume, it will go down 
on the pages of history as a record-breaker in the way of 
riots, strikes, dissatisfactions and loss of confidence in 
our Government and ourselves. Still the writer believes 
that the Sun of Righteousness is still shining behind 
those dark clouds, and that the threatening storms, that 
have almost prostrated our country, will pass ovgr. Or- 
derly conditions can be restored only by a new govern- 
ment, built upon the great principles taught and lived by 
Christ Jesus. I believe, therefore, that our restoration 
lies largely in following the example of the King of Nin- 
eveh and his people — there must be an humbling of our- 

We should greatly agonize in prayer, supplication and 
sorrow, till we have the assurance that our prayers have 
been heard in heaven and that our repentance has come 
up before the Lord as an evidence of our willingness to 
recognize God as the One who rules the destiny of man. 
Then God, in the plenitude of his great power and com- 
passion, will disperse the dark clouds of adversities, and 
he will calm the storms that seem to be shaking the foun- 
dations of our country. Then will the Sun of Righteous- 
ness arise with healing in his wings, and shine forth in 
all his glory and life-giving powers. 

While it is true that this year has been a record-breaker 
in raising money for mission work and other purposes, 
it is sad to contemplate the deplorable decline in vital 
piety and Bible faith, as I have seen it manifested in the 
various congregations of the five States in which I have 
worked during the year. I am more than ever convinced 
that we are in the time and age when men " will not en- 
dure sound doctrine, but after their own lusts shall they 
heap to themselves teachers, having itching ears; and they 
shall turn away their ears from the truth, and shall be 
turned unto fables." " For men shall be lovers of their 
own selves, covetous, boasters, proud, blasphemers, dis- 
obedient to parents, unthankful, unholy, without natural 
affection, truce-breakers, false accusers, incontinent, fierce 
despisers of those that are good, traitors, heady, high- 
minded, lovers of pleasure more than lovers of God, hav- 
ing a form of godliness, but denying the power thereof; 
from such turn away." 

As the new year dawns upon us, with all its opportuni-' 
ties, possibilities and responsibilities, "let us lay aside 
every weight, and the sin which doth so easily beset us." 
Let us go forward with renewed strength and a greater 
determination to reach the goal that Paul had in mind 
when he said: "This one thing I do, forgetting those 
things which are behind, and reaching forth unto those 
things which are before, I press toward the mark for the 
prize of the high calling of God in Christ Jesus." 

In this great Forward Movement, therefore, there 
should be a special effort made for a higher plane of spir- 
ituality among us. Any movement that does not have as 
its goal the glory of God, will fail. Paul says: "Though 
I bestow all my goods to feed the poor, and though I give 
my body to be burned, and have not love, it profiteth me 

So we see that our future success in evangelizing the 
world, lies not only in the amount of money we raise, but 
largely in a free-will, loving service to the Lord, which 
will place us on a higher ground of the Christ-life, where 
superiority and excellence dwell, and spiritual prosperity 

Referring briefly to my work in 1919, I will say that my 
diary records ten series of meetings as having been held, 
extending over five States; 136 sermons were preached; 
426 visits were made. I want to thank the dear brethren, 
sisters and friends for their kindness to me. I am now 
ready to consider calls from congregations that would 
like to secure my services in a series of meetings. As I 
have moved from Bristow, Va., all letters should be ad- 
dressed to me at Nokesville. J. F. Britton. 

Nokesville, Va. 

During the months of June, July, August and September 
there was abundant rainfall, for which every one was 
most grateful. It brought forth bountiful crops. In the 
forepart of October there were a few heavy showers, but 
after several weeks of clear weather it seemed that the 
last rains of the season had come. Consequently the op- 
portune time to begin building work seemed at hand. 

It had been decided that the Vada bungalow should be 
remodeled by "rat-proofing" it, and building an upstairs 
veranda. To rat-proof the house, necessitated the re- 
moving of the whole roof. The attic, or the space be- 
tween the upstairs ceiling and roof had been quite a rat 
harbor. Rats being the carriers of plague, it is deemed 
wise to make the bungalow as rat-proof as possible, by 
putting the ceiling on top of the rafters, and tile imme- 
diately over it. 

Oct. 21 this work began. That evening we had a rare 
experience — one we do not care to have repeated. All 
the tile from the main part of the bungalow were re- 
moved. The roof of the office was left on; also a part of 
the one-story room, in order to accommodate Sister Pow- 
ell while the work was in progress. Bro. Garner and I 
had moved our beds into the tent, and in one room of it 
we all dined. Most of our furniture and furnishings were 
packed in two rooms downstairs. So many things had to 
be seen to at the same time, that things were not arranged 
as systematically as they should have been. Nevertheless 
we did not feel especially concerned, as we thought, "We 
are living in India, where the rains practically all fall dur- 
ing the rainy season, so there will be no rain to spoil 

But man's thoughts are not God's thoughts. As the 
evening shades began to fall, a dark blue bank of clouds 
arose jn the East and some one said: "It is going to 
rain." The reply was made: "It looks that way.- But 
those clouds may only be wind clouds." We were cer- 
tainly hoping that it would not rain. However our Lov- 
ing Father saw best to send rain. 

If we had heeded the warning of the dark clouds we 
would have been greatly profited. When the drops began 
to fall, we hurriedly started to move things and to pro- 
tect everything as best we could. Things easily moved we 
carried into Sister Powell's room and the office, in order 
to get them under what roof we had. Such heavy fur- 
niture as wardrobe, book-cases, bureau and cupboards, 
which could not be moved, we covered with what oilcloth 
we had at hand, in order to keep the water from soaking 
into them. The supply of oilcloth being very limited, an 
(Continued on Page 30) 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 10, 1920 

Some time ago I offered a prize of ten dollars for the 
best essay on " The Incompatibility of War and Chris- 
tianity," in which I limited the contestants to the presi- 
dents of our colleges. For several reasons I am pro- 
foundly interested in the solution of this question. We 
are now mourning the tragic death of a beloved son, who 
was killed in battle in France during the late war, in a 
country that has been saturated with the blood of mil- 
lions of victims of wars for thousands of years, and it is 
of special interest to know whether the Loving God, 
the Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, or Satan, the author 
of all human war since the world began, is the author 
of war. 

I now offer a prize of $25 each, for an essay on each 
of the following subjects : 

First, "The Incompatibility of War and Christianity." 
This essay will consist of forty syllogisms, with an in- 
troduction and a peroration of 100 words each. 

Second, "The Fundamentals of the Religion of the New 
Testament": (a) Of Conversion; (b) Of Growth from 
Childhood to Manhood; (c) Of Denominational Organi- 

Third, " The Signs of the Times " : (a) As seen in the 
moral and religious trend of the times: (b) As seen in 
the prophetic forecast of the coming of Christ. 

The conditions which will regulate those essays are as 
follows : 

They must be typewritten, and consist of not less than 
2,000 words each. 

They will be expected by March 1. The essay will be 
published by April 1; the prize paid May 1, and the win- 
ning essay will be submitted for publication in the 
"Gospel Messenger" and probably in other papers. 

I hope the opportunity which these propositions offer 
will appeal to the readers of the " Messenger," and that 
we will have hearty and prayerful responses. There 
is no imposed limit as to the contestants. If the essays 
do not cover the Scriptural foundations of the subjects, 
they will be rejected. The award will be made by disin- 
terested members of the Church of the Brethren. 

Roanoke, Va. D. C. Moomaw. 


The Bible Institute, held during Thanksgiving week 
in the Shade Creek church, was a rich feast. The ad- 
dresses by Brethren Royer and Blough were excellent. 
On two afternoons the men and women met separately, 
and while Sister Royer and Sister Blough spoke to the 
women, Bro. Royer spoke to the men. Much rain and 
heavy fogs at night hindered the attendance, but quite a 
few were present at every session. 

Dec. 8 the Ridge house, one of our three places of 
worship, was destroyed by fire. It was a neat, comfort- 
able and substantial building, practically new, having 
been erected about six years ago. The loss is partly 
covered by insurance. At our council, Dec. 20, it was 
decided to rebuild as soon as possible, and a committee 
was appointed and given authority to go ahead with the 
work. Over $1,000 was raised at that time which, with 
the insurance, gives us funds to begin the work. Through 
the kindness of our Lutheran friends, temporary quarters 
were given us, so we missed having Sunday-school one 
Sunday only. We will have the use of their church until 
we again have one of our own. 

Our Sunday-school officers have been elected for next 
year, and installation services will be held at each school. 

The duplex envelopes will be used the coming year 
and an every-member canvass will be made in the near 

Those who received their diplomas for mission study 
during the summer, are now at work on the Seal Course 

Dec. 21 a Christmas program was rendered by the pu- 
pils of the Berkey Sunday-school. Mrs. J. L. Weaver. 


The Mission Study Class, taught by Sister Blanche 
Gochenour, finished the course, and seven took the ex- 
amination. Nov. 9 Bro. C. A. Wright, of North Man- 
chester, gave an address and presented the diplomas to 
the graduates. Bro. Wright preached an educational ser- 
mon that morning. 

We have been blessed in having good sermons, talks 
and addresses by the best of Bible students and we 
surely appreciate them all. The Sunday following, Bro. 
Paul Mohler, coming from Chicago, en route from Oro- 
ville, Wash., preached for us. Sunday morning, Nov. 23, 
Bro. Ezra Flory, of Bethany Bible School, began a Bible 
Institute. The work covered the Books of Galatians, 
Amos and Revelation, studies of the Holy Spirit in Acts, 
and Bible markings of Paul's missionary journeys. There 
were two sessions every afternoon, and one in the eve- 
ning, followed by a sermon or lecture. The Institute 
closed Nov. 30, and it was a week of enjoyment. 

Dec. 27 we held our last quarterly council for this year, 
with Bro. W. L. Hatcher presiding. Four letters were 
read and five were granted, and fellowship was withdrawn 
from one. 

During the year the Missionary Committee has been 
of so much help in stirring up the church in all lines of 
missionary work, that we decided we could not do with- 
out such a body of workers. A committee was therefore 
elected— its members to serve one, two and three years, 
respectively. Those chosen are Sisters Vernie Metzger 
and Amy Gochenour, and Bro. Simon Frick, 

Bro. John Skiles was elected trustee for three years; 
Bro. Floyd Gochenour for three years on the ministerial 
committee, and Bro. Roscoe Shedron on the finance com- 
mittee for the same length of time. Sister Clara Metzger 
was chosen church correspondent. 

A rough estimate of the treasurer's report shows that 
over $3,000 has been paid out in home or foreign mission 
work during the year. 

Our, Sunday-school and Christian Workers' officers for 
the year are as follows: C. C. Hylton, superintendent; 
Home Department, Sister Blanche Gochenour; Cradle 
Roll, Sister Martha Cripe; Christian Workers' president, 
Bro. Floyd Wagoner. 

Bro. James Haslet will hold an exegetical study of the 
Book of Genesis for several Sunday evenings, beginning 
Jan. 4. Bro. Haslet lives in this church and is willing 
to use his knowledge for our benefit 

Lillian A. Hufford. 

Notes From Our Correspondents 

(Continued from Page 21) 
and also several meetings by Eld. Frank Sargent. We will have 
installation services for the Sunday-school officers, and hope to do 
good work next-year.— S. S. Neher, Kingslcy, Iowa, Dec. 20. 

Prairie City church met in council Dec. 3. Four letters were grant- 
ed. Brethren Carl Elrod and James Bowie were elected superinten- 
dents of the main Sunday-school, and Sister I. W. Brubaker and the 
writer, superintendents of the Primary Department.— Nellie L. Bowie, 
Prairie City, Iowa. 


Chapman Creek church met in council Dec. 18, with Bro. E. D. 
Steward as moderator. Three letters were granted, and church and 
Sunday-school officers were elected for the coming year: Bro. W. S. 
Brillhart, elder; Sister Emma Correll, superintendent of Sunday- 
school; Sister Blanche Brillhart, church correspondent and " Mes- 
senger " agent.— Harold Correll, Abilene, Kans., Dec. 25. 

Conway Springs.— We have now located at this place and taken up 
the pastoral work here, for the time heing. The day before Thanks- 
giving two were baptized. We held a Thanksgiving service and a 
collection of $3 was taken for home missions. Dec. 26 we met in 
council and elected church and Sunday-school officers for the coming 
year: Elder, the writer; secretary, Birdie Landis; trustee, J. W. 
Plaugher; church correspondent, the writer; Sunday-school superin- 
tendent, Eli Wise. Members, looking for a pleasant place for a future 
home, with convenient church privileges and a nice, clean town, 
should by all means consider Conway Springs. All inquiries will be 
cheerfully answered by the writer. — N. F. Brubaker, Conway Springs, 
Kans., Dec. 27. 

Garden City.— Our Sunday-school gave a very interesting program 
on the Sunday before Christmas. It was attended by a larger num- 
ber than any of our former programs. On Christmas night our 
young folks, assisted by a few others, went to several homes and to 
the County Jail, to give a Christmas carol. The plan was worked so 
that no one would know of the coming to the window or the door of 
the aged ones or the shut-ins until the song would burst forth. Our 
program at the Mexican Mission Sunday-school was also good and 
attended by a large number. Eighty-five of the Mexicans were there 
and a large number of the town folks. The Mexicans did well their 
part, as did also the workers, who helped in the program. This last 
Sunday of the old year we went direct from our church service to 
the County Jail, and there held a short service for the inmates. 
We are hoping to continue this, whenever there are prisoners held 
there. The Christmas observance of one of our families was sad- 
dened by the loss of the husband and father. To them the church 
extends her heartfelt sympathy. Several members have been here of 
late, to look into the opportunity in Western Kansas land. We will 
surely welcome any workers for the Lord in our midst. — H. D. 
Michael, Garden City, Kans., Dec. 29. 

Hutchinson.— Our church made this a " White Gift Christmas." The 
program was planned a month in advance. A large white cross had 
been placed on the platform and above it in large, red letters the 
words, " My Life I Gave for Thee." After singing the song, the 
classes marched forward, one at a time, and filled a basket that had 
been decorated and marked by the class name. The baskets were 
later distributed to the needy homes. We were especially impressed 
with the scene in one home, where a crowded room served as kitchen, 
dining-room and bed-room. The father was sick, having lost a limb 
and one of his eyes, the result of an accident. He has a wife and 
baby eight months old. There was no hope of recovery. Coal and 
food supplied would last for but a few days. But in that home was 
the comfort of the blessing of the presence of God. We wish to 
thank Salem, Monitor and the Rural Larned churches for helping to 
make this Christmas a blessing to many.— O. H. Feiler, Hutchinson, 
Kans., Dec. 26. 

Mont Ida church met in council Dec. 20, electing new officers for 
the coming year: -Bro. John Sherfy, elder; Sister May Vanscoyoc, 
correspondent; Sister Nina Sherfy, Sunday-school superintendent. We 
had services on Thanksgiving Day, after which an offering was 
taken for World-wide Missions.— Estella Watkins, Mont Ida, Kans., 
Dec. 27. 

Osage church met in council Dec. 13, with Eld. D. P. Neher in 
charge. One letter was granted. Sunday-school officers were elected, 
with Bro. Elmer McElwain as superintendent. Officers for Christian 
Workers' Society were also chosen. The writer was elected " Mes- 
senger " agent and correspondent. We are planning to build a church 
in the near future, and there was considerable discussion concerning 
it.— May Nicholson, McCune, Kans., Dec. 23. 

Parsons.— At our late council meeting, presided over by Eld. J. S. 
Clark, officers for the coming year were chosen as follows: Bro. 
J. A. Campbell, Sunday-school superintendent; Sister Myrtle Aitkcn, 
president of the Christian Workers; Sister Nettie Clark, "Messen- 
ger " agent and church correspondent. Owing to weather condi- 
tions, the attendance at our love feast was somewhat small, but 
we had a very spiritual service, with Eld. D. P. Neher officiating, 
assisted by his son, Bro. Roy Neher. Bro. Neher and wife, of Mc- 
pherson, are here at present, conducting a class in music— Julia C. 
Jones, Parsons, Kans., Dec. 24. 

Verdigris church met in council Dec. 26, with Eld. S< E. Lantz pre- 
siding. Bro. Lantz was reelected elder for another year; the writer, 
Sunday-school superintendent, " Messenger " correspondent and soli- 
citor for the country house; Sister Bessie Elrod, correspondent and 
solicitor for Madison; Sister Alma Quakenbush, president of the 
Christian Workers' Band. On the following Sunday, teachers were 
chosen for the coming year, after which all church, Sunday-school 
and Christian Workers' officers were duly installed. A very fitting 
sermon on " Service for the Master " was given by our elder. Since 
our last report two have been baptized,— Awilda Buck, Madison, 
Kans., Dec. 30. 

Victor clwrch met in council Dec. 20, with Bro. A. C. Daggett pre- 
siding. The following officers were elected: Superintendent of Sun- 
day-school, A. E. Thompson; Primary. Ida Winder; Christian Work- 
ers' president, Rufus Daggett; church correspondent, Cecile Elliott. 
The last week in November wc enjoyed a series of lectures along 
social and moral problems by Capt. Wiard.-Mrs. A, E. Thompson, 
Waldo, Kans,, D«c. 28. 


Union Bridge.— Our singing class, held by W. Z. Fletcher, of Blue 
Ridge College, has closed. The class was very prontable"to those 
who attended. Thanksgiving Day Eld. J. J. John gave us an inter- 
esting sermon, and we lifted an offering for the Old Folks' Home at 
San Mar, Md. Wc gave them donations of canned and dried fruit 
and jellies in addition. We reorganized our Sunday-school, with Bro. 
Frank Shriver, superintendent, We appointed a Missionary Commit- 
tee, to create a stronger missionary spirit in the school, and also 
decided to begin a Home Department. Our offering for Armenian- 
Syrian Relief amounted to $84. The Christian Workers' Meeting has 
been reorganized with the writer as president. We appointed a com- 
mittee of three, known aa the Charitable Committee, to look after 
the practical side of the Christian Workers' Meeting.— Carrie L. 
Garner, Union Bridge, Md., Dec. 24. 


Beaverton.— Wc enjoyed a " White Gift " Christmas program at 
our church Dec. 21. The gifts consisted of a' comforter, provisions 
and $43.19 in money, which went to -a family that had recently lost 
their home by fire. On the following Sunday Bro. Roy Mishlcr, who 
is spending the holidays with his parents at this place, gave us a 
very good missionary sermon. Special music was given.— Martha M. 
Whitmer, Beaverton, Mich., Dec. 29. _ 

Hart church met in regular council Dec. 20, with Bro. Nevinger 
presiding. Officers were elected for the coming year and Bro. A. M. 
Swihart was chosen elder.— Mary Swihart, Hart, Mich., Dec. 27. 

New Haven church met in business session Dec. 27, with our pastor, 
Bro. J. F. Sherrick, presiding. One letter was received and officers 
-elected: "Messenger" agent, Sister Grace Sherrick; finance com- 
mittee, Bro. Harvey Plott; Missionary Committee, Bro. D. E. Sowers 
and Sister Ruby Upham; the writer, Sunday-school superintendent. 
We had expected Bro. Reuben Shroyer to be with us in a series of 
meetings in January, but the cold weather prevented the finishing 
of our church, so we have postponed the meetings until later. We 
do not expect to solicit the State District for funds to rebuild our 
church, but if any of our sister churches or individuals in the Dis- 
trict care to send an offering, it will be gratefully received. All 
money should be .sent to J. F. Sherrick, Secretary- treasurer, R. D. 1, 
Middleton, Mich. Thanksgiving Day wc met in the home of Bro. 
D. E. Sowers. - Sixty-one were present and enjoyed a good dinner. 
The afternoon was spent in a praise and thanksgiving service. An 
offering of $14.82 was taken for the Aid Society, to be used in 
furnisTiing dishes for the new church. Wc expect to have the church 
completed early in the spring.— Alia L. Emrick, Middleton, Mich., 
Dec. 30. 

Rodney.— Dec. 7 Bro. C. H, Deardorff, of Elmdalc, began a scries of 
meetings. Five confessed Christ, three oi whom were baptized. 
Sister Ethel Dintaman led the song service most acceptably. We 
held our council Dec. 20, with Bro. Samuel Bollinger in charge. 
Church officers were elected, with Bro. Bollinger as elder for an- 
- other year; Bro. Charley Tombaugh, trustee. Wc are planning for a 
series of meetings in June, if we can secure an evangelist.— W. E. 
Tombaugh, Rodney, Mich., Dec. 28. 

Thornapplc— Dec. 28 was a day long to be remembered by the 
members of this church. Eld. John M. Smith, of Woodland, gave a 
very fitting address on " The Part oMhe Church in Carrying Out the 
Great Commission." after which Bro. Roy J. McRoberts and wife, 
of Ionia, Mich., were installed into the ministry, and Bro. Lawrence 
Rowland and wife in the deacon's office. These workers had been 
chosen by the church at a former meeting, but not being present 
_at that time, their installment was deferred. The cheerful, willing 
acceptance of the call added greatly to the joy of the occasion. At 
the close of the service, Eld. S. M. Smith received the anointing in a 
kneeling posture, at the church, in the presence of the entire congre- 
gation, Bro. Mcssner officiating. In this morning meeting both youth 
and age contributed their offering of consecrated hearts and lives to 
the service of the Master. The Sunday ^school classes convened long 
enough to reelect their former teachers for the coming six months. 
The call of these official members in the church, together with our 
young brother who volunteered for the ministry, and was installed 
a few weeks earlier, makes the outlook seem very bright and en- 
couraging for the coming year.— Grace E. Messner, Lake Odessa, 
Mich*, Dec. 30. 

Zion congregation met in business session Dec. 27, with Eld. Samuel 
Bowser presiding. Our church and Sunday-school officers are as fol- 
lows: Bro. Bowser, elder in charge; "Bro. D. A. Moats, clerk; Bro. 
Leighton Moats, " Messenger " agent; Sisters Helen and Vera Moats, 
Missionary Committee; the writer, correspondent; Bro. M. L. Moats, 
' Sunday-school superintendent; Sister Ada Moats, Primary Depart- 
ment; Sister Anna B. Morrison, Home Department; Sister Etta 
Homing, Cradle Roll; Bro. John L. Van Meter, president of Christian 
Workers' Meeting.— Neva R. Martindalc, Prescott, Mich., Dec. 30. 


Monticello Sunday-school gave a short Thanksgiving program Nov. 
23. Noy. 27 wc met in council. Four, letters were read and accepted. 
A baptistry has been installed in the church and is now ready to 
use. The Sunday-school gave a short and interesting program Sun- 
day, Dec. 21. On Christmas Day a number of families met at the 
church, to enjoy a basket dinner and social time. The afternoon 
was spent in services, songs, etc., which were enjoyed by all. 
Bro. Nickey being absent Dec. 28, Bro. A. B. Woodard, who now 
resides with us, gave a very interesting address.— Mrs. W. S. Sink, 
Monticello, Minn., Dec. 31. 

Seavey.— Wc met in council Dec. 27, with Bro. J. F. Swallow pre- 
siding. The following officers were elected: Brethren Hanawalt and 
Stanbrough, superintendents; Sister Sherland, "Messenger" agent; 
Sister Rebecca Stanbrough, correspondent. Wc enjoyed the presence ( 
of Bro. Paul Hoover at our council. The Sunday-school rendered a 
very interesting program Christmas Eve, which was very much en- 
joyed by all who were present.- We are looking forward to the time 
when we can have a new churchhouse. At the present we are hold- 
ing our services in a schoolhouse. — Rebecca Stanbrough, Seavey, 
Minn., Dec. 31. 


Broadwater congregation met in council Dec. 20, with Eld. B. E. 
Kesler presiding. Election of officers wbb held, resulting in Bro. 
Price being chosen elder for the coming year; Bro. Sherman Jones, 
Sunday-school superintendent; Maggie Jones, clerk and "Messenger" 
correspondent; Martha Swinger, " Messenger " agent. Our attendance 
and interest in Sunday-school arc good.— El ma Swinger, Dexter, Mo., 
Dec. 20. 

Farrenburg.— Bro. B. E. Kesler began a scries of meetings Nov. 5 
and preached during the following week. He gave us a aeries of 
talks on " How to Become a Christian " and " How to Live," and his 
sermons were inspiring. Three young girls were baptized. The meet- 
ings closed Dec. 7, with a good attendance. We have postponed the 
love feast for the time being. One letter has been received recently. 
—Nora Moss, Matthew, Mo., Dec. 22. 

Osceola.— One of our Sunday-school scholars has been baptized 
since the last report. Jan. 4 wc will reorganize our Sunday-school 
and Christian Workers' Meeting. We hope to begin the New Year 
with a band of willing officers and workers. — Mary K. Simmons, 
Osceola, Mo., Dec. 29. 

Warrensburg church met in business session Dec. II, with Eld. D. 
L. Mohler presiding. Church and Sunday-school officers were chosen 
for the coming year: Bro. D. M. Miller, Sunday-school superintendent; 
Bro. E. A. Markey, clerk; the writer, "Messenger" agent and cor- 
respondent. Two letters were received. Bro. John Hoover, of Law- 
rence, Kans. i preached for us Sunday evening, Dec. 20. His talk was 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGEH^-January 10, 1920 


very interesting and waa greatly enjoyed by all present.— Rowena 
Wamplcr, Warrcnsburg, Mo„ Dec. 25. 


Grandviow church met in council Dec. 27, with Bro. J. S, Geiaer 
presiding. Letters were granted to Brother and Sister Barley. Bro. 
S. A. Shoemaker was elected trustee for three years; Sister Nellie 
Kao, secretary of the Missionary Committee.— Mrs. V. V. Smith, 
Froid, Mont., Dec. 28. 


Bethel congregation met in annual business session Dec. 26, with 
Eld. E, S. Rothrock, moderator. Various committees were chosen 
and officers elected as follows: Bro. W. C. Miller, Sunday-school su- 
perintendent; Primary, Sister Sutpliin; Christian Workers, Sister 
Effie Bridge; Junior Christian Workers, Jessie Teeter; church clerk, 
Clarence Hughes. Dec. 21 we had a "White Christmas" service, 
and the offering amounted to $94.72. The sisters also made up a box 
of clothing, which is all to be sent to the Omaha Mission.— Ella S. 
Saylor, Carlcton, Nebr., Dec. 29. 

Kearney church met in regular business session Dec. 26, with Eld. 
J. J. Tawzcr presiding. All officers for the coming year were elected 
and one letter was granted to a student attending Bethany Bible 
School. One has been received by baptism since our last report. A 
collection ol $54.48 was taken.— Mary F. May, Kearney, Nebr., Dec. 29. 


Miami church had a '* giving " Christmas this year. After a pro- 
gram, well interspersed with mdsic, opportunity was given to make 
gifts of clothing or money. Of clothing that which was suitable 
went to the Orphans' Home at Albuquerque, N. Mex., and the re- 
mainder to the Salvation Army. Of the $118.71 in money, $31 had 
been sent previous to Christmas; the Orphans' Home received $5, 
Armenian Relief, $21.43; $61.28 is to be applied toward the aid of 
the education ol a missionary in McPherson College. Thanksgiving 
evening we held a communion service, with Bro. Wm. Noble of- 
ficiating. At a members' meeting, a few evenings previous, one was 
received Into the church by baptism.— Mrs. M. N. Mikesell, Miami, 
N. Mex., Dec. 30. 


Lake Ridge church convened in council Dec. 20, with Eld. I. W. 
Taylor presiding. Eld. David Kilhefner, of the Ephrata church, was 
also with us. Officers for the coming year were elected, and a com- 
mittee was appointed to secure an evangelist for a series of meetings. 
We met at the church on Thanksgiving Day for services, when an 
offering of $11 was lifted for the Children's Orphanage at Ncffsvilie. 
—Martha Weibly, Ludlowville, N. Y., Dec. 26. 


Pleasant Grave church held a Christmas service, which was con- 
ducted by Elders J. H. Griffith and H. H. Masters. We are to re- 
organize our Sunday-school Dec. 28. We also expect to hold a Bible 
School and have the promise of Bro. C. B. Miller to take charge in 
February.— Emma Bryant, Bmmmett, N. C, Dec. 30. 


Cando.— Nov. 29 we met at the Zion house for the purpose of re- 
organizing the Sunday-school and Christian Workers' Society. Bro. 
Harvey Kensinger was elected superintendent of the Sunday -school 
and Sister Ethel Duffey, president of Christian Workers' Society. 
Dec. 20 we held our regular council. Four letters were granted and 
church officers were elected for another year: Bro. J. D. Kealer, 
elder; Sister Eva Steele, correspondent.— Mrs. Marvin Kensinger, 
Zion, N. Dak., Dec. 22. 

Egeland— Our church met in regular council on Saturday, Dec. 27. 
We elected our Sunday-school and church officers. The young people 
are taking a great interest in our Sunday-school. The officers are 
composed mostly of the Junior Class. On Sunday, Ded. 21, Bro. Hol- 
linger, of Newville, N. Dak., was with us and gave us an inspiring 
talk. In the evening our young people rendered a short but inter- 
esting Christmas' program. We are planning on taking up a collec- 
tion Jan. 4, for the benefit of the European sufferers. Bro. Sharp, 
who has been faithfully working with us for the past eight years, is 
going to take a rest for two or three months. One of our neighboring 
brethren will preach for us during thia time. Bro. D. M. Shorb, of 
Minot, N. Dak., will start a scries of meetings in June. We are look- 
ing forward to as rich a harvest in the future as we have had in 
the past. Any one passing through or near Egeland, is most cor- 
dially invited to " stop off " and pay us a visit.— Pearl B. Crombie, 
Egeland, N. Dak,, Dec. 29. 

Minot.— Our church met in council, with the writer presiding. We 
elected our church officers as follows; Trustee for three years, Bro. 
Wm. Myers; clerk, Sister Mary Smith; "Messenger" correspondent 
and agent, Leander Smith; Sunday-school officers were elected, with 
Sister Mary Smith, superintendent. Sunday, Dec. 28, we held our 
consecration services, which were very impressive and well attended. 
A splendid interest is being manifested in our services. We have 
organized for a greater effort in mission work. Our Missionary 
Committee is composed of the following: Bro. J. M, Deeter; chairman; 
Sister Mary Smith, secretary and treasurer; Sister Ella M. Flowers. 
We are trying to reach all the "goals" of the Five- Year Forward 
Movement. We want to thank the brethren and sisters who are 
contributing clothing and means for the poor in Minot. We have 
quite a number of worthy people who are very needy. The severe 
cold weather and the high price of living has caused much suffering 
in Minot. Any clothing or other things that we can use, will be 
greatly appreciated in our work here. We are made to realize the 
truthfulness of Christ's statement: "For ye have the poor always 
with you, and whensoever ye will ye can do them good." May God 
bless the unfortunate, and may he help us to do them good both 
temporally and spiritually.— Leander Smith, 512 Ninth Avenue, N. E., 
Box 632, Minot, N. Dak., Dec. 29. 


Bcllefontaino church met in council Dec. 11, with Eld. O. L. Lehman 
presiding. Officers for 1920 were , elected as follows: Elder, E. E. 
Eshelman; superintendent of Sunday-school, Sister Hugh Miller; 
clerk and treasurer, Jos. Kaylor; correspondent, Dwight Snyderj 
superintendent of Home Department, Sister Burle Kaylor; auditors, 
J. Kaylor and D. A. Snyder. The church has expressed deep regret 
at the departure of our elder, Bro. Lehman. He has shown a spirit 
of service and helpfulness, which we will not readily forget. The 
Home Department is a success in every way. This department and 
the Sunday-school have pledged themselves to support an orphan 
in India. Bro. Miller is progressing very well with the pastoral 
work. Plans for a scries of meetings, to be held in the near future, 
are under way. Two letters were submitted to our church for Bro. 
Rudolph Snyder and Sister Bernice Kaylor. Dec. 23* the Sunday- 
school gave a delightful and entertaining program, consisting of reci- 
tations and songs, setting forth the true Christmaa spirit.— Dwight 
A. Snyder, Bellefontaine, Ohio, Dec. 26. 

East Nimlahillen.— We held our love feast Dec. 27, with a goodly 
number present, especially young people. Ministers present from 
adjoining churches were Bro. A. H. Miller, who officiated, Bro. M, 
M. Taylor, of Louisville, Ohio, and Bro. Chas. Kurtz, of the Spring- 
field church.— A. J. Carper, Middlebranch, Ohio, Dec. 31. 

Goshen church met in council at White Cottage house Nov. 10, 
with Eld. G. S. Strausbaugh presiding. Points tending to the gen- 
eral good of the church were discussed and a spiritual uplift waa 
felt by all present. The Ministerial Committee has been busy, trying 
to keep the pulpit filled temporarily, while looking for a pastor. 
Among those with us were, Bro. S. S. Shoemaker, August 31; Bro. 
G. S. Strausbaugh, Sept. 14; Bro. A. I. Heeatand, Sept. 21 and Oct. 
5. Bro. J. J. Hoover, of Morrill, Kans., also filled the pulpit a 
number of times. Bro. A. F. Shriver was with us Nov. 23 in the 
interest of the " Forward Movement." Dec. 7 Bro. A. H. Miller gave 
two inspiring sermons. We hope to be able to secure a pastor by 
spring. Any one interested will please write Bro. J. T. Shrider, South 
Zanesvillc, Ohio. Since we have a young sister preparing for the 
foreign field, we agreed, with the consent of the Sunday-school, to 
put on interest all Sunday-school money above actual expenses, in 
order to be able to support her when she enters upon her work. 
Sunday-school officers were chosen for the coming year, with Bro. 

T. E. Horn, superintendent.— Mrs. J. T. Shrider, South Zanesville, 
Ohio, Dec. 27. 

Ludlow church met in council Dec. 20 to elect Sunday-achool and 
Christian Workers' officers. In the absence of our elder, S. A. Bless- 
ing, Eld. N. W. Binkley presided. Sister Jennie Miller was reelected 
superintendent. Sister Hettie Bright was chosen president of our 
Christian Workers' Meeting. Sister Anna Eby, returned missionary 
from India, addressed a large and attentive audience at the Pitsburg 
church a few months ago. We are planning to have some of the 
students of the Volunteer Mission Band of Manchester College render 
a program for us during the holiday season, to arouse us to greater 
activity along missionary lines.— Mrs. J. W. Eikenberry, Arcanum, 
Ohio, Dec. 26. 

Marion church met in council Dec. 20, with Eld. J. L. Guthrie 
presiding. Church officers were chosen for the coming year and 
Sunday-school officers for the first six months: Bro. Fred Williams, 
church clerk; Sister Marie Deardorff, president oE Christian Workers; 
Bro. Jos. Bowman, Sunday-school superintendent. Our school gave 
an excellent program on Christmas night, under the supervision of 
Sister Eva Tricky. Our committee is planning for a special mis- 
sionary service, to be held here in the near future. We are ex- 
pecting Bro. E. E. Eshelman, of Fostoria, to conduct a series of 
meetings about the last of January.— Rachel Bowman, Marian, Ohio, 
Dec. 31. 

New Carlisle.— Our series of meetings began Dec. 1 and closed Dec. 
20, with Bro. J. A, Robinson, evangelist. Bro. Friend Couser led the 
singing. Thirteen were added to the church, twelve being baptized 
and one reclaimed. Dec. 21 Bro. Flora, of West Charleston, delivered 
our Christmas sermon. Monday and Tuesday evenings Bro. Clay- 
baugh, of Chicago, with several helpers, gave two illustrated lec- 
tures. Dec. 28 Bro. Drue Funderburg, of Bethany, preached two 
sermons.— Ruth B. Shroyer, New Carlisle, Ohio, Dec. 29. 

Red River.— Dec. 7 Bro. Herschel Weaver, of West Manchester, 
Ohio, began our revival meetings, continuing for two weeks. His 
sermons were very interesting and helpful. Dec. 14 officers were 
elected as follows: Bro. Henry Groff, trustee; Bro. Blaine Flory, 
Sunday-school superintendent; the writer, correspondent. — Fannie M. 
Smith, Bradford, Ohio, Dec. 26. 

Ross church met in council Dec. 27, with Eld. Jas. A. Guthrie 
presiding. Sunday-school officers were elected for the coming year, 
with Bro. Abram Coil, superintendent; the writer, correspondent. Bro. 
Abram Coil is our delegate to District Meeting. Bro. D. P. Weller, 
.of Continental, Ohio, was with us for a series of meetings of one 
week, beginning Dec. 1. Our elder was retained for another year,— 
Mrs. Jas. A. Guthrie„ Spencerville, Ohio, Dec. 31. 

Salem.— Dec. 28 a group of the Volunteer Mission Band from North 
Manchester favored us with some fine readings and splendid talks. 
The same day our Sunday-school presented our retiring superin- 
tendent with a beautiful Bible for his sixteen years of faithful 
service to the school. Our attendance the last Sunday of 1919 was 
243. Jan. 4 Bro. Blessing, of West Milton, will conduct the instal- 
lation service for the teachers and officers of the Sunday-school, 
which number about twenty- four. Our recent Christmas program, 
rendered by the children, was very good.— Katie Flory, Union, Ohio, 
Dec. 30. 

Sidney.— Dec. 28 a large crowd gathered at Sunday-school, and all 
the classes reported a good attendance, with some new scholars. The 
pastor, in his sermon that morning, emphasized the truth "that the 
man for Christian service must be a man with a forward vision." 
At the close of the service two applied for church membership. In 
the evening Bro. J. C. Inman, of Springfield, delivered a very able 
discourse on "The Christ Honored as the Master-Teacher in Our 
Lives." The Church of the Brethren here is entering the New Year 
with a new vision and determination in making good. — Bessie Schmidt 
Snyder, Sidney, Ohio, Dec. 29. 

Sugar Hill.— Dec. 7 Bro. R. N. Leatherman, of the Cincinnati Mis- 
sion, gave us two splendid missionary sermons, which we appreciated 
very 'much. Dec. 9 the church met in council, with Eld. J. Franklin 
Brubaker presiding. Visiting elders were J. O. Garst, Samuel Horn- 
ing, Aaron Brubaker and Noah Erbaugh. Two letters were read. 
The Sunday-school superintendents are Isaac Bowser for the Sugar 
Hill house, and H. G. Erbaugh for the Toms Run house. Bro. John 
Good was elected " Messenger " agent; the writer, correspondent; 
Bro. J. Franklin Brubaker, elder for a term of three years. Dec 21 
the Christian Workers rendered a Christmas program. Bro. John 
Garst preached for us on Christmas Day.— Mary Bowser, West 
Alexandria, Ohio, Dec. 26. 

West Charleston.— Our evangelistic services, which were in prog- 
ress for two weeks, closed Dec. 1, with Bro. J. C. Flora, our pastor, 
in charge. His sermons were impressive and interesting to all, and 
the attendance was fine. Bro. Geo. Anglemyer led the song service. 
Fourteen were received by baptism. Our Thanksgiving offering was 
sent to the Armenian sufferers. Dec. 9 Dr. D. W. Kurtz gave us a 
strong address which was much appreciated. We met in council 
Dec. 20, with Eld. Jacob Coppock presiding. Three letters were 
granted. Bro. Alva Lutz was chosen " Messenger " agent and Bro. 
J. C. Flora was reelected pastor for one year. Our Christmas sermon 
was given by Bro. Jacob Coppock Dec. 21, and a program was ren- 
dered Dec. 23, which was enjoyed by quite a large audience. Money 
and gifts of various kinds were given by all the classes, which was 
sent to the Cincinnati mission.— Bertha M. Eidemiller, Tippecanoe 
City, Ohio, Dec. 24. 


Guthrie church met in business session Dec. 15, with Eld. F. E, 
Marchand presiding. Our pastor, Bro. Ray S. Wagoner, of Oklahoma 
City, was also present. We reorganized our Sunday-school by re- 
taining our officers for another six months. We received three by 
letter. Eld. N. S. Gripe and family have moved into our midst. Still 
others have bought homes and will move here in the near future. 
We are now in the midst of a series of meetings, conducted by our 
pastor. Interest and attendance are aplendid. Christmas Eve the 
young people and little^ folk rendered their program commendably 
and at the close received a treat of candy and apples. Afterward Bro. 
Wagoner gave us a short message.— Mrs. W. A. Nininger, Guthrie, 
Okla., Dec 28. 

Hollow.— Dec 20 Eld. W. H. Miller and Bro. J. B. Denny came to 
us and wc had splendid aervices over Sunday. Bro. Ralph Loahbaugh, 
who is attending school at McPherson, preached a very inspiring 
sermon on Saturday evening. Sunday Bro. Denny delivered two 
spiritual sermons. He expecta to begin a revival meeting in our 
midst Dec. 31. Our Christian Workers' Meeting is progressing nicely, 
with the aid of a splendid crowd of young people. — Zada Loahbaugh, 
Hollow, Okla., Dec 26. 

Monitor church met in council Dec 6, with Eld. A. B. Diller in 
charge. Church and Sunday-school officers were elected for the com- 
ing year, with Bro. A. B. Diller, elder; Sister Jennie Diller, clerk; 
Bro. Roy Logsdon, "Messenger" agent; the writer, correspondent; 
Bro. T. T. Williams, superintendent. The young people of the Sun- 
day-school gave a very interesting Christmas program. Bro. Breon, 
of Oklahoma City, was with us Dec. 26 and delivered two inspiring 
sermons, which were much appreciated. — Sarah Miller Logsdon, Nash, 
Okla., Dec. 29. 


Ashland church met in council Dec 21, with Bro. Hiram Smith 
presiding. Church, Sunday-school and Christian Workers' officers 
were elected. We expect Bro. S. F. Sanger, of Empire, Calif., to be 
with us in a seriea of meetings the last of January. At our Thanka- 
giving service an offering of nearly $35 waa taken for World-wide 
Missions.— Laura E. Goetze, Ashland, Oregon, Dec. 23. 

Newberg church met in council Dec. 27, with Eld. David Glick in 
charge. Officers for church, Sunday-school and Christian Workers 
were elected: Elder, Bro. David Glick; clerk. Sister Dunlap; "Mes- 
senger" agent and correspondent, Eliza J. Moore; Christian Worker 
president. Sister Dunlap. Dec. 21 our Sunday-school gave an inter- 
esting Christmas program, after which a treat was given the chil- 
dren.— Eliza J. Moore, Newberg, Oregon, Dec 27. 

Portland.— Dec 18 a large representation of the church membership 
together with a goodly number of neighbors and friends met at the 
home of Eld. G. C. Carl in honor of bis fifty-second birthday. The 

affair was a complete surprise. The early part of the evening was 
spent in visiting and having a general good time. Later Bro. M. M. 
Long called the meeting to order and in the name of the Portland 
church presented to Brother and Sister Carl a gift of more than 
$200. Singing occupied an important place in the evening's entertain- 
") cnt - Refreshments were served, including a large birthday cake. 
Eld. Carl and wife have been faithful and efficient church workers 
in this coast country for more than twenty-five years and we used 
this way of expressing our appreciation for their loyalty and earnest 
efforts.— Grace W. Hewitt, Portland, Oregon, Dec. 20. 

Weston church met in council Dec. 6 and elected officers, with Bro 
John Bonewitz, elder; Bro. E. E. Tucker, superintendent of Sunday- 
school, and Sister Stella Camblin, president of Christian Workera' 
Society and " Messenger " agent; the writer, church correspondent.— 
Huldah Metz, Weston, Oregon, Dec 26. 


Brandts church, of the Back Creek congregation, has closed a very 
interesting series of meetings, conducted by Bro. Chas. D. Bonsack, 
of New Windsor, Md. He preached eighteen inspiring sermons and 
visited many homes. The interest and attendance were fine. Four 
stood for Christ, two of whom were baptized and two received on 
former baptism. The members are very much encouraged and the 
church strengthened.— Pearl Heckman, Williamson, Pa., Dec 27. 

Chiques church met in council Nov. 29, with Eld. S. S. Eshelman 
presiding. Bro. M. B. Ginder was elected superintendent of the 
Chiques Hill Sunday-school; S. N. Becker, superintendent for Mt. 
Hope; B. G. Stauffer, president of the Christian Workers' Society; 
Sister Emma Zug, president of the Sisters' Aid Society. Dec. 6 Eld. 
H. B. Hollmger, of Lebanon, began a series of meetings at the Mt 
Hope house, closing Dec 21. One stood for Christ.— P. C. Geib 
Manheim, Pa„ Dec 23. 

Conestoga church met in council Dec 20. Three letters were grant- 
ed. We decided to give the Thanksgiving offering of $58 to the 
Home Mission Board. Officers were elected for the Bareville Sunday- 
school for the coming year, with Eld. D. S. Myer, superintendent 
We expect to begin a series of meetings at Bareville some time in 
January, when Bro. B. F. Petry, from Ohio, will have charge.— Mabel 
A. Myer, New Holland, Pa., Dec. 23. 

Dunnings Creek congregation met in council Dec 12, with Eld 
T. B. Mickel presiding. Officers were elected for the year. Nov 23 
a deputation band from Juniata College rendered a very interesting 
program.— Came V. Smith, Spring Hope, Pa., Dec. 29. 

Elizabethtown.— On Christmas evening the Primary Department of 
our Sunday-school rendered a very appropriate program. The chil- 
dren performed their parts splendidly. Bro. Ed G. Diehm, of Royers- 
ford. Pa., gave a short but inspiring talk. An offering of $130.29 was 
lifted for the Near East Relief work. Our small out-post Sunday- 
school, at Newville, a mile from Elizabethtown. enjoyed a " White 
Gift" service— the first of the kind conducted there. The response 
was splendid. The birthday mission "box was also opened and con- 
tamed $8. Bro. E. M. Hertzler succeeds Martha Martin as superin- 
tendent at this place for the coming year. Sister Martin has had 
charge of the work for the past six years.— S. P. Engle, Elizabeth- 
town, Pa., Dec. 29. 

Fairview.— The series of revival meetings, in progress for two 
weeks, closed on Sunday. The services, conducted by Bro. J. J. 
Shaffer, of Hollidaysburg, were very interesting and uplifting. Five 
were baptized.— J. B. Snowberger, Williamsburg. Pa., Dec 24. 

Falling Spring.— The Browns Mill Sunday-school rendered a Christ- 
mas program on Sunday morning, Dec 21. which was well attended 
and much appreciated. Afterward the children were treated to candy 
and oranges. The Sunday-school at Shady Grove held its exercises 
in the evening of the same day, when a well-arranged and appropri- 
ate program was rendered. The Shady Grove Sunday-school reor- 
ganized Dec. 28 by electing Bro. Walter Shank superintendent. Bro. 
S. B. Grove was chosen president of the Christian Workers' Meeting. 
Our series of meetings, at the Shady Grove church, is to begin Jan. 
18, with Bro. C. H. Steerman in charge. Bro. Oellig will preach on 
Sunday evening, Jan. 18.— H. N. M. Gearhart, Shady Grove, Pa., 
Dec. 29. 

Georges Creek.— We met in council Dec. 20, at the Fairview house, 
Eld. C. M. Driver presiding. The church voted to retain Bro. Driver 
as her pastor for another year. Sister Haddie Merryman was elected 
"Messenger" correspondent and agent. Bro. Ira Merryman was 
chosen Sunday-school superintendent. Bro. Wm. A. Toundsend is 
president of Christian Workers' Meeting. We have arranged with 
Eld. W. K. Conner, of Harriaburg, Pa., to conduct a Bible Institute 
in the Fairview house sometime in February. The Sunday-achool 
rendered a very appropriate program on Christmas afternoon.— F F 
Durr, Smithfield, Pa., Dec 29. 

Harrisburg (Hummel Street Church).— Nov. 27 we held a Thanks- 
giving service. An offering of $18 was lifted for the Neffsville Or- 
phanage. At the Ministerial and Sunday-school Meetings, Nov. 4-6, 
our elder, Bro. Conner, made a pledge in behalf of the Sunday-school 
of $25 towards a church at Freeville, N. Y. Nov. 30 the Sunday-school 
raised more than that amount. The same day an offering of $89 was 
lifted by the church for a needy family. Dec 14 five members of the 
Volunteer Mission Band, from Elizabethtown College, gave splendid 
talks as follows: "The Call for Reality in Religion," Clarence Sol- 
lenberger; "World Religion," Jesse Reber; "Intensified Missions," 
E. M. Hertzler; " Visions That Disturb Contentment," A. C. Baugher. 
Dec. 21 the Sunday-school rendered a Christmas program, which 
seemed to be interesting to all present. Dec. 28 Sister Elsie Shickel, 
of Roanoke, Va., gave a very interesting story to the Sunday-school 
boys and girls, followed by a helpful talk along the line of Sunday- 
school work. In the evening she met the teachers and officers for 
definite work, and during the Christian Workers,' hour again gave as 
some splendid truths concerning Sunday-school work. At 7:30 Bro. 
H. K. Ober gave us another great lesson. An offering was lifted 
for the General Sunday School Board.— Sallie E. Schaffner, Harris- 
burg, Pa., Dec. 29. 

Indian Creek (County Line House).— Since our pastor left ua in the 
fall, our pulpit has heen filled by Bro. Martin, of the Mt. Joy congre- 
gation, Bro. Sanner, of Ligonicr, and Bro. J. E. Foust, of Trout Run. 
These brethren all brought us helpful meaaages and their services 
were appreciated. The writer also preached a few times. We are 
hopeful that a pastor may aoon be secured. Services were held in 
bur church on Christmas Day under the direction of the Sunday- 
school. A good work is done by our Sunday-school, but a pastor is 
much needed to push the Forward Movement program.— J. L. Bow- 
man, R. D., Stahlstown, Pa., Dec 26. 

Lower Conewago congregation met in council at the Wolgamutb 
house Dec. 20, with Eld. O. W. Cook presiding. We have organised 
two Mission Study classes — one at the Bermudisn house, and one at 
the Wolgamuth house. The Wolgamuth Sunday-achool reorganized 
Dec. 28 for the new year. We will hold our spring love feast May 30, 
.at 1:30 P. M„ at the Bermudian house— R. D. Cook, Dillsburg, Pa, 
Dec 29. 

Lower Cumberland.— Dec. 23 we met in council at the Mechantcs- 
burg house. Brethren A. H. Hollinger, A. S. Baugher and S. S. Miller 
were present. One letter was granted to Eld. Wm. Miller, who ex- 
pects to go to Mt. Olivet, Pa., to take charge of that mission point. 
Dec 21 wc closed a scries of meetings at the Mcchanicsburg house, 
conducted by Bro. W. K. Conner, of Harrisburg, Pa. His sermons 
were inspiring and uplifting. One came forward for prayer. Dec 28 
we reorganized our Sunday-school. Brethren J. Harry Smith and J. 
L. Johnson were chosen superintendents; Sister Bertha Palmer, presi- 
dent of Christian Workers' Meeting. During 1919 eleven ot our 
members were called away by death and five were added to the 
church by baptism. We expect Bro. S. G. Meyers, of Jonestown, Pa., 
to begin a series of meetings at the Boiling Springs house Jan. 17.— 
J. W. Galley, Mechanicsburg, Pa., Dec. 29. 

Martinsburg.— Dec. 8 Eld. D. T. Detwiler, of New Enterprise, began 
a series of meetings in the Martinsburg church, continuing till Dec. 
21. Eleven were received by baptism and one by change of relation 
from the Progresaive.— J. H. Crofford, Martinsburg, Pa., Dec 25, 

Norristown.— Dec. 21 we held Christmas services, and Bro. Hess* 

gave us a good sermon in the morning. In the evening the Christian 

(Continued on Pago 32) 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 10, 1920 


(Continued from Page 27) 
opened umbrella was placed over one bookcase. The rain 
came so heavy that before we could get everything ar- 
ranged, there were several inches of water on our living- 
room floor. In spite of the unpleasantness of it all, we 
were able to see the funny side too, as it appeared to us, 
when Bro. Garner put on his rubber boots to wade around 
through the house, and when some of us tried to work 
and hold an umbrella over ourselves at the same time. 

Since then the masons and carpenters have been on the 
job. The work is moving on slowly and we hope that, in 
a month or so, we will be in our home again. t 

On last Sunday the wife of one of our masters was bap- 
tized. She was a Christian woman of another mission. 
Some in our midst are learning the glad news for the first 
time. Of them we hope to baptize several in the near 
tuture. Several girls in the boarding-school, who came to 
us during the past few months, are asking for baptism. 

Twelve girls, five boys, three widows and one man 
have come to us since the first of the year. A baby boy 
was brought to us the latter part of last year. He has 
been getting on nicely. Besides these, two families are 
now with us who are living on our property and are in 
our employ. Our aim is not only to give all such the 
temporal help for which they came, but we want to teach 
them to know our Lord and to accept him as their Savior. 
Others have come who, after receiving good food for a 
few days or weeks, have gone again. Our prayer is that 
all under our care may become Christians, but oar greatest 
hope for the future workers is in the children of our 

Up to this time there have been only four indigenous 
Christians at this place, so we feel quite encouraged, be- 
cause of the goodly number who have come under our 
teaching during these "past months. Because of this there 
is added responsibility, for which we need your help 
through prayer. Pray for them and us, that the Lord's 
will may be worked out in each life! 

Kathryn B. Garner. 

Vada, Thana District, India, Nov. 8. 


The work here is progressing very nicely. Our Sun- 
day-school record has increased one-third during the last 
six months, over any time in the history of the church. 
The last of October and the first week in November, our 
pastor and wife were engaged in a very fruitful meeting 
at La Place, 111. During this time we had Bro. David 
Dredge, of New Carlisle, Eld. Jacob Coppock, of Tippe- 
canoe City, and Bro. U. R. McCorkle, of the Loramie 
church, fill the appointments, and their messages were en- 
joyed. Since the return of our pastor and wife, they have 
done special calling in homes of the community. 

Nov. 30 our pastor, Bro. S. Z. Smith, began a one 
week's revival. In this effort the church rallied to the 
support of the meetings. Special songs were rendered by 
our people — the Sunday-school children singing special 
songs two nights. The City Male Quartette favored us 
with a few very appropriate songs, one evening. The 
children from the County Children's Home were brought 
out one night in autos, and they filled the church with 
music. The pastor also invited the high school scholars 
and their music instructor, and they rendered several se- 
lections. Bro. Smith announced a new Hne of thought 
and the subjects, placed in program form and scattered 
over the city, had a good effect. The church was filled 
each night during the meetings. The ministers of some 
of the other churches in our city were here with repre- 
sentatives from their churches. In this one week's series 
.of sermons, eight adults came forward, seven of whom 
were baptized and one reclaimed. 

Dec. 14 we held a home communion, in which all our 
new converts participated, as did the greater part of the 

Our pastor preached his Christmas sermon last Sunday 
morning. At the close of the Sunday-school session the 
school presented our pastor and wife with $40, in appre- 
ciation of their work. Mrs. Cora A. Z. Smith, with the 
teachers, arranged a Christmas program, which was ren- 
dered on Sunday evening, Dec. 21. 

The members of the Sidney church will meet .in their 
annual business session Dec. 30, to elect Sunday-school 
and church officers for the coming year. 

Bessie Schmidt Snyder. 

while attending the Indiana State Normal. I sang in their 
choirs, taught in their Sunday-schools and attended serv-_ 
ices in all the different places of worship, trying to find 
the best. 

In conversation with my room-mates, one day, we dis- 
cussed the subject of church relationship. Our landlady 
heard me explain the practices of the Brethren and said: 
"I am past eighty-four years of age, and never heard of 
such a church. Will you not write an article for our 
daily paper about it? " I wonder if there are not a num- 
ber of people, in our large cities, who do not know about 

At the age of twenty-five I joined a denomination 
which I thought was the best church, but as I read John 
13: 17, I found I was mistaken, for I thought it- said: "If 
ye know these things happy are ye if ye BELIEVE 
them." And I tried to^get away from the Great Teacher 
when he said : " I have given you an example, that ye 
should do as I have done to you" (John 13: 14, 15). 

In my teaching I always impressed the importance of 
the DOING of a thing, to get the joy out of it. I began 
to wonder if I was in the best church. That little word 
"DO" stared mp in the face, so to speak, until I changed 
my church relationship, in order, as I saw it, to be in the 
best church. I believe every person ought to seek the 
best church. If I did not believe I was in the best church, 
I would change again. 

The way to find the best church is to " search the 
scriptures; for in them ye think ye have eternal life: 
and they are they which testify of me " (John 5 : 39). 
And again we are told to "search the scriptures daily," 
whether those things are so (Acts 17: 11). This is the 
safest and best way. 

The subject of this article suggested itself to me while 
reading the many good articles in the " Messenger." 
Which one is best? I want to make mention of three, 
which set me to wondering as to which is the best. I 
have them all before me and am so well pleased that I 
hope I may induce others to give them a careful reading, 
and then a rereading, if necessary, to decide which is the 
best. All three are " profitable for doctrine, for reproof, 
for correction, for instruction in righteousness" (2 Tim. 
3 : 16). 

One writer lives in the Far Northwest, another in the 
Middle Section, and the third in the Eastern Section of 
the Brotherhood. The subjects I refer to, respectively, 
are: "The Duty of Churches to Their Pastor" (Dec. 6); 
"The Moving Pastor" (Dec. 13); and "Application of the" 
Dress Decision" (Dec. 20). Although these writers are 
miles and miles apart in body, they may be near and dear 
to each other, in spirit, while they write such inspiring 
articles for us to read and think over. As these writers 
emphasize Christian duties by means of our good medium, 
the " Gospel Messenger," which is the best church paper, 
they do a great deal of good. 

As to which is the best, is a question hard toanswer 
in many respects. We have heard it said that the saddest 
of all sayings is: "It might have been." All of us can 
look back and see the many mistakes we have made by 
not choosing the very best there is in life for us. What 
a great blessing it is if we can be interested in the best 
things in the church, as the brethren pointed out to us 
in the above-named articles I 

Nothing but the best should satisfy us. " Set your 
mark high and try to reach it," is a good motto for the 

We lay -members expect the best from our pastors, 
elders and all officials, and they have a right to expect 
the best from us. Are we all doing our best? Our 
Heavenly Father will be satisfied with only the best. 

Only our best efforts will enable us to reach the goal 
in the Forward Movement. To this end we are praying 
earnestly, hoping to reach it during the next four years. 
One year of the five is now in the past and can not be 
recalled. Have we done our best during the year just 
past? Are we going to do our best during the new year 
of 1920? "Examine yourselves, prove your own selves," 
is the instruction of the Apostle Paul in 2 Cor. 13: 5. 
May we all be optimistic and hope for a prosperous and 
Spirit-filled new year! Joseph Studebaker. 

Flora, Ind. 



In order that anything may be the best, there must be 
at least three things or more to choose from. "Covet 
earnestly the best gifts and yet show I unto you a more 
excellent way" (1 Cor. 12: 31). And then Paul continues, 
in chapter 13, with that important and beautiful lesson 
on charity (love), as the- best of the divine graces for his 
people to exercise, and to put in practice. 

We often find it hard to decide which is the best, 
among so much that is good, if we look on the bright 
side of life. The optimist is always looking for the best 
of everything, while the pessimist is always discontented, 
and nev-r sees the best of anything. Which plan is best? 

When I was a young man, I tried to find the best 
church Minominatinn) in the city of Terre Haute, Ind., 

DONNELS CREEK, OHIO.— Report of Sisters' Aid Society for 1919: 
We held 20 all-day meetings, with an average attendance of 8. We 
quilted 8 quilts, knotted 7 comforters; made 20 dresses and other 
garments. We sent a box of clothing to East Dayton, Ohio. We re- 
ceived from regular offerings, $26.15; birthday offerings from the 
Sunday-school, $.11.36; quilts and comforters sold, and sewing done, 
$61.62; sale dinner, $18.03; total, $117.13; balance from 1918, $19.12. We 
gave to General Mission Board for Armenian sufferers, $15; Cincin- 
nati Mission, $5; O. F. Helm, Georgia, S5; Mina H. B. Miller, District 
Secretary, $10; spent for material, $42.02; total, $77.02; balance, $59.23. 
The Aid Society, with the assistance of others, furnished a mothers* 
room at the church. The amount donated and spent for this purpose 
was S71.9S. Officers: Sister Mary Roof, President; Sister Etta Barn- 
hart, Vice-President; the writer. Secretary; Sister Elsie Winget, 
Treasurer; Sisters Emma Funderburg and Dorothy Dresher, Lookout 
Committee— Ruth Dresher, Springfield, Ohio, Dec. 22. 

LUDLOWV1LLE, N. Y.— Lake Ridge Aid Society reorganized March 
13, 1919. We held 8 meetings during the year, ending Dec. 11, 1919, 
with an average attendance of 7. Our work consisted of making IS 
prayer-coverings, 18 children's garments; quilting one quilt and tying 
one comfort. We also did some mending for a sister. Our offer- 

ings amounted to $6.56; realised from the aatc of coverings, $1.65; 
sewing, $2.50; receipts, $10.71. Expenditures: Syrian Relief fund, $5; 
for covering material and postage, $1.02; for painting church sign- 
board, $2.50; sewing material, 35 cents; total, $8.87; balance, $12.45. 
Officers: President, Sister Zilpha Campbell; Vice-President, Laura 
Fisher; Secretary-Treasurer, the writer.— Martha M. Weibly, Ludlow- 
ville, N. Y., Dec. 27. 

NORTH MANCHESTER, IND.— Report of Plunge Creek Aid Society 
for 1919: We held 14 meetings; total attendance, 173; average, 12; 
total free-will offerings, $22.72; received for work done, $21.50; for 
sale dinners, $60.87; total, $153.43; expenses, $92.13. We made 107 
garments, 3 comforts, 1 quilt, 65 prayer- veils, 1 bonnet. Wc gave 
clothing and other articles to the poor at home; sent one box of 
clothing to the Orphans' Home, Mexico, Ind., valued at $47.35; one 
box of clothing to Chicago Mission, $40; to Bro. Helm in Georgia, $5; 
to Logan sport church, $10. — Mrs. Leon a M. Poland, North Man- 
chester, Ind., Dec. 23. 

SOUTH WHITLEY, IND.-Report of Aid Society, December, 1918, 
to December, 1919: Amount in treasury, Jan. 1, 1919, $33.03; meetings 
held, 18; offerings for year, $10.45; birthday offerings, $1.10; comforts 
and quilts sold, $18^0; other articles sold, $6.71; paid out for goods, 
$18.60; sundries, $14.04; pledge to Annual Conference offering, $15; 
Mission Fund, debt of church, $10; cleared on markets and sales 
dinners, $112; transferred to Building Fund, $10; balance, $1.44. We 
are expecting to build our church next summer and now have $122 
in our building fund. Officers: President, Lizzie Poland; Vice-Presi- 
dent, Mrs. Carrie Neff; Secretary-Treasurer, Mrs. Blanche Shire- 
man; Assistant, Mrs. Nora Holler; Superintendent, Mrs. Tura Bone- 
brake.— Mrs. Hattie McConnell, South Whitley, Ind., Dec. 22. 

YALE, IOWA.— Report of Sisters' Mission Circle, Jan. 10 to Dec. 18, 
1919: We held 31 all-day meetings and 2 half-day meetings, with an. 
average attendance of 11; total attendance of members, 320; visi- 
tors, 63. We pieced 232 quilt-blocks; joined 8 quilts, quilted 4; made 
4 comforts and 273 garments. We sent a box to Bethany Bible School, 
valued at $40; bedding to Child Rescue Home at Ankeny, Iowa, $16; 
two boxes to Old Folks' Home at Marshalltown, Iowa, $30; donated 
one day's sewing to a sister. Total amount of money received, 
$96.06; paid out for goods, etc., $41.65; $5 to District Mission work; 
$1 to District Secretary of Aid Societies; total, $47.65; balance, $48.41. 
Officers: President, Sister Mary Barcus; Vice-President, Sister Eva 
Fiscel; Superintendents, Sisters Susie Fiscel and Lizzie Benncr; 
Secretary-Treasurer, the writer; Assistant, Sister Pearl Neal.— Julia 
Barcus, Yale, Iowa, Dec. 22. 


Marriage notices should b» accompanied by BO cents 

Please note that the fifty cents required for the publication of a 
marriage notice may be applied to a three months " Gospel Mes- 
senger ' subscription for the newly-married couple. Request should 

be made when the i 

: is sent, and full address given. 

Bailey -Manon.— By the undersigned, Dec. 24, 1919, at the borne of 
the bride's parents, Brother Clarence Edwin Bailey, of Morrill, 
Kans., and Sister Berdie Ruth Manon, of Gypsum, Kans.— Ray R. 
Cullen, McPherson, Eans. 

Brumbaugh-Kocher. — By the undersigned, at his residence, Dec. 22, 
1919, Brother Elias H. Brumbaugh, of North Industry, Ohio, and 
Sister Sarah E. Kocher, of Canton, Ohio.— A. H. Miller, Louisville, 

Fetteriioff-Hylton.— By the undersigned, at the home of the bride's 
parents, Dec. 10, 1919, Bro. Lee E. Fettcrhoff, of Delphi, Ind., and 
Sister Beulah Hylton, of Rossville, Ind.— John W. Root, Rossville, 

Johnson-Kunkel — By the undersigned, Dec. 24, 1919, at the newly- 
furnished residence ol the bride and groom, 721 Grant Street, Johns- 
town, Pa., Mr. Ralph H. Johnson and Sister Loretta I. Kunkel, both 
of Johnstown, Pa.— D. P. Hoover, Johnstown, Pa. 

Metzger-Cripe.— By the undersigned, at his residence, Dec. 24, 1919,- 
Brother Ross Herschel Metzger and Sister Anna Florence Cripe, both 
of Rossville, Ind.— W. L. Hatcher, Rossville, Ind. 

Priser-Smuts.— By the undersigned, Dec. 20, 1919, at the home of the 
bride's parents, near Janesville, Ind., Bro. Carson C. Priser, son of 
Eld. David Priser, of North Manchester, Ind., and Grace Z. Smuts, 
daughter of Ira C. and Etta Smuts— Daniel Funderburg, Roanoke, Ind. 

R owe -Mortimer. — At the home of the bride's parents, Mr. and Mrs. 
L. L. Mortimer, Dec. 3, 1919, C. Glenn Rowe and Norma Mortimer, 
both of Dallas Center, Iowa.— C. B. Rowe, Dallas Center, Iowa. 

Royer-Runtc— At the home of the bride's parents, Brother and Sis- 
ter Herman Runte, Dec. 10, 19)9, Rudy Royer and Elta Runte, both of 
Dallas Center, Iowa.— C. B. Rowe, Dallas Center, Iowa. 

Sterner-Tagler. — By the undersigned, at his residence, Dec. 24, 1919, 
Bro. Wm. E. Sterner, of Navarre, Kans., and Miss Clara Tagler, of 
Enterprise, Kans.— Geo. Manon, Abilene, Kans. 

Tracy-Fegely.— By the undersigned, Dec. 18, 1919, at their future 
home, near Franklin Grove, 111., Mr. Edward L. Tracy and Sister 
Mary Ella Fegely, both of Franklin Grove, 111.— O. D. Buck, Franklin 
Grove, III. 

Wilkfns-Seo.— By the undersigned, at the home of the bride's par- 
ts, near Mathias, W. Va., Bro. John W. Wilkins and Sister Han- 
h M. See, both of Hardy County, W. Va.— S. W. See, Mathias, W. 



"Blessed are the dead which die In the Lord" 

Boose, Friend Benjamin, died of a complication of diseases -at the 
General Hospital, Lancaster, Pa., Dec. 13, 1919, aged 48 years, 9 
months and 24 days. He had been in the hospital nearly two months 
and underwent several operations. He desired to be baptized, but 
did not regain sufficient strength. He leaves his wife, one son, two 
daughters, three brothers, one sister and an aged father. Services 
from his son's home and at the Monterey church by Bro. M. Eber- 
solc and the -writer. Interment in adjoining cemetery.— D. S Myer 
Bareville, Pa. 

Bowers, Francis W., son of jasper and Sarah Bowers, born F*b. 12 
1840, in Wayne County, Ind., iied Oct. 1, 1919, at his home in the 
same place. In 1866 he married Lydia Wissler, who survives with 
an adopted son. In 1895 he united with the Church of the Brethren, 
and in 1900 the church called him to the office of deacon. Services 
by Eld. L. W. Teeter. Burial in the Brick cemetery.— C has. W. Miller, 
Hagerstown, Ind. 

Click, Maggie Vint, died Nov. 20, 1919, aged 33 years. Death was 
caused by acute Bright's disease. She united with the Church of the 
Brethren early in life and was an active and conscientious worker 
to the end, especially in the Sunday-school and Aid Society. She 
married Bro. Chas. A. Click in 1906. To this union four children were 
born. Surviving are her husband, three small children and one 
sister. Services from the Sangerville house by Eld. H. G. Miller, 
assisted by Eld. M. G. Sanger.— Mrs. C. D. Sanger, Spring Creek, Va. 

Copeland, Samuel, son of John and Rebecca Copeland, born Sept. 
26, 1841, in Darke County, Ohio, died near Dublin, Ind., Nov. 25, 1919. 
In 1862 he married Ruth Bowman. To them were born two sons and 
three daughters, two of whom preceded him. In 1870 he joined the 
Church of the Brethren, in which he continued faithful. For a num- 
ber of years he was afflicted with defective eyes, resulting in total 
blindness for the last three years. Services at the Brick church by 
Eld. John A. Miller, assisted by Eld. Clessie Miller. Burial in the 
cemetery near by.— Chas. W. Miller, Hagerstown, Ind 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 10, 1920 


Dickinson, Sister Amanda, nee Hoffman, died in the bounds, of the 
Frceburg congregation, Ohio, Dec. 17, 1919, aged 65 years, after an 
illness of nearly a year. Services in the Freeburg church by the 
writer, assisted by Eld. D. F. Stuckey.— A. H. Miller, Louisville, 

Fike, Elton Clair, born at Nezpcrce, Idaho, July 6, 1915, died Dec. 
5. 1919, at the Iroine of his parents, Brother and Sister A. R. Ffke, 
Nciperce, I.lalio. Services by Bro. Fred A. Flora, of Moscow. He 
• leaves his father, mother and two brothers.— Mattie E. Thomas, Nez- 
pcrce, Idaho. 

Fisher, John II., born in Woostcr, Ohio, Feb. 26, 1846. He married 
Jerusha A. Workman in 1871. They united with the Church of the 
Brethren in- 1874, serving in the deacon's office for almost thirty 
years. He died Dec, 21, 1919, aged 73 years, 9 months and 25 days. 
He leaves his wife, one son, one brother and one sister. Services 
by Eld. D. R. McFadden. Interment in the Loudonville cemetery. — 
C. J. Workman, Loudonville, Ohio. 

Gmirloy, John D., born in Morgan County, Ind., died Dec. 20, 1919, 
aged 65 years, 2 months and 23 days. He came to the " Home " in 
1893, entering as a charter member and residing there permanently. 
He had had several strokes of paralysis, and the immediate cause of 
his death was due to those attacks and to Bright's disease. Services 
by the writer. Burial in the Pleasant View cemetery.— O. H. Feiler, 
Hutchinson, Kans. 

Harman, Sister Susanna, daughter of Henry and Barbara Bordner, 
born in Stark County, Ohio, died at the home of her daughter, Emma 
Bowen, near Stony Point, Dec. 19, 1919, aged 87 years, 8 months and 
27 days. Dec. 25, 1850, she married David Harman. He preceded her 
fourteen years. To this union eleven children were born. Six of 
them preceded her; five remain. She also leaves nineteen grandchil- 
dren and twenty-six great-grandchildren. In 1860 she; with her hus- 
band, united with the Church of the Brethren, in which she lived a 
devoted life to the and. With her husband she moved to the farm 
home, where she died, May 10, 1863. Services at Stony Point by the 
undersigned, assisted by Rev. Hill, of the United Brethren Church, 
and Eld. John Shively. Interment in the cemetery at Stony Point.— 
Eld. Daniel Wysong, Nappanee, Ind. 

Hurni, Samuel, born in Switzerland, died at bis home near Avilla, 
Ind., Dec. 16, 1919, aged 71 years, 5 months and 26 days. In 1870 he 
married Jane Anderson, who died in 1895. To this union were born 
ten children, seven of whom survive. In 1899 he married Margaret 
Long, who, with six stepchildren, survives; also two brothers, a 
sister, a half-brother and two half-sisters. He joined the Church of 
the Brethren early in life and lived a consistent Christian life. Serv 
ices by the writer at the Cedar Creek church, assisted by Bro. H. 
G; Shank and Rev. Brachbill, of the River brethren:— B. D. Kerlin 
Garrett, Ind. 

King, Elizabeth, born in McVcytown, Mifflin County, Pa., Feb. 25, 
1835. In 1866 she married Michael King, who preceded her five years 
ago. She leaves two sisters and one brother. She became a Christian 
in .early womanhood and was a member of the Church of the Breth- 
ren, at Sidney, Ohio.— Bessie Snyder, Sidney, Ohio. 

Kraft, Bro. Hyman W., born near York, Pa., died near Coleta, III., 
Nov. 30, 1919, aged 84 years, 1 month and 11 days. In 1857 he married 
Susan Holtzinger. To this union were born four sons and four 
daughters, who survive with his wife. Services at the Rock Creek 
church by Eld. P. R. Keltncr. Interment in the adjoining cemetery.— 
Rebecca H. Gerdes, Morrison, 111. 

Looney, Flora Mae, daughter of Robert and Lelia Looney, died 
Nov. 16, 1919, aged 6 years, 3 months and 26 days. Services in the 
Olympia church by the writer, assisted by W. C. Lehman — D B 
Eby, Olympia, Wash. 

Mason, Bro. Clement St. Clair, died at his home near Winchester, 
Va., Dec. 10, 1919, aged 61 years and 12 days. His wife, two daughters 
and four sons survive. He was a faithful member of the Church 
£.*. , th l, B ™ thren for ten VL ' ars - Services in the Jubilee church by 
Eld. N. D. Cool, assisted by Eld. L. R. Dettra. Interment in Mt. 
Hebron cemetery.— Mitylene Dettra, Stephens City, Va. 

Monismith, Vina, nee Burger, born near Steel, Mo., died at Bre- 
merton, Wash., Dec. 16, 1919, aged 24 years, 5 months and 13 days, 
fane united with the Church of the Brethren last summer. She leaves 
her husband and five small children. Services at Wenatchee by the 
writer, assisted by Eld. J. J. Filbrun.— C, V. Stern, Wenatchee, Wash. 

Moore, Sister Mary Lcota, nee Ratcliff, born in Macon County, Mo., 
died in Hast.ngs, Ncbr., Dec. 21, 1919, aged 21 years, 4 months aad 
27 days. In 1914 she married Elbert E. Moore,, who survives with 
one child, her father, mother, one brother and four sisters. She 
united with the Brethren church in June, 1919. Services by the writer, 
assisted by Rev. Edson, of the Baptist Church.— Edgar Stauffer. 
Ayr, Ncbr. ' 

Nickev, Samuel H., died Dec. 10, 1919, aged 64 years, 10 months and 
25 days. He. was a faithful member of the Church of the Brethren 
for thirty-one years. He leaves hia wife and five children. Services 
at the Meadow Branch church by the undersigned, assisted by Eld. 
Wm. E. Hoop.— Geo. A. Early, Westminster, Md. 

^f h . aW i, Br0, Tobias K < died > n the hospital in the bounds of the 
Olade Run congregation, of cancer, aged 62 years, 1 month and 17 
days. He was a member of the Brethren church for many years. 
He leaves three sons, one daughter and one sister. Services at Kit- 
tanning. Interment in the Glade Run cemetery.— Laura J. Bowser, 
Kittanning, Pa. 

Skaggs, Rebecca Ann, died at her home near Daniels, W. Va., Dec 
10, 1919, aged 87 years, 7 months and 22 days. She lived a consistent 
and devoted Christian life. Services at the home of her son by the 
writer.— M. P. Snuffer, Viacova, W. Va. 

Stambaugh, Bro. Sherman L., died at the home of his parents near 
Big Mount, Pa., Dec. 19, 1919, aged 23 years, 1 month and 20 days, 
^eath was due to pneumqnia. He was a member of the Church of 
the Brethren for about two years, and lived a consistent life. He 
leaves his father, mother, brother and sister. Services by Brethren 
W. G. Group and Charles Altland. Interment at the Altland church 
in the Lower Conewago congregation.— Ruth Group, East Berlin, Pa. 

Stauble, Franz J., born at Sultz, Canton of Aargau, Switzerland, 
died at his home, near Eldorado, Okla., Oct. 23, 1919, aged 78 years, 
6 months and 28 days. He came to America at the age of seventeen, 
and located in Cambridge City, Ind. In 1863 he married Nancy Rep- 
logle To this union were born eleven children, of whom two sons 
and four daughters survive. In 1901 his wife died and three years 
later he marricfl Mrs. Minna Fischer. To them one child was born. 
He leaves his wife, seven children, one stepdaughter, eighteen grand- 
cnuaren and three great-grandchildren. Services by Eld. G, L. Stude- 
baker, assisted by Bro. L. L. Teeter.— Clara Sheets, Mooreland, Ind. 

Stone, Sister Tillie, nee Gingery, born in Seneca County, Ohio, died 
at Her home at Crystal, Mich., Nov. 29," 1919, aged 70 years, 3 months 
and 27 days. When years old, she married Geo. E. Stone. 
'o this union were horn three sons and two daughters. The father 
and four children survive. The church, of which she was a member 
tor forty-two years, has lost a loyal member and a zealous worker, 
services by the writer, assisted by Elders Samuel Bollinger and J. 
M. famith at the Crystal church.— David E. Sower, Middleton, Mich. 

Walker, Sister Emma, nee Lehman, wife of Elmer M. Walker, died 
at a private hospital, Somerset, Pa., of a complication of diseases, 
Nov. 20, 1919, aged 51 years, 3 months and 6 days. She was a mem- 
oir of the Brothers Valley congregation of the Church of the Breth- 
ren lor about thirty-five years. She leaves her husband, three daugh- 
ters, one son, one brother and several stepbrothers and sisters, 
services at the Pike church by Eld. Coffman, of Meycrsdale. Inter- 
ment m the Pike cemetery.— W. H, Walker, Somerset, Pa. 

Zerbe, Sister Catherine, died Dec. 6, 1919, aged 74 years, 9 months 
lv,} y - . ShC married Wm - Merkey. To this union were born ten 
cmiorcn, all of whom, with the husband, preceded her. In early 
me she united with the Church of the Brethren and remained faith- 
iui to the end. She later married Abraham Zerbc, who survives with 
grandchildren, five sisters, two brothers, two half-brothers, two 
-sisters and eight stepchildren. Services at Harris Creek by 
Elders D. G. Berkebile, and R. H. Nicodcmus. Interment in Harris, 
cemetery.— Anna Conway, Bradford, Ohio, 



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THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 10, 1920 


Official Organ of the Church of the Brethren 

Published weekly by Brethren Publishing House, R. E. Arnold. Gen- 
eral Manager. 16 to ^ S. State St.. Elgin, 111., at §2.00 per annum, in 
advance. (Canada subscriptions fifty cents extra.) 

D L SDXUBK, Editor EDWARD FRANTZ, Office Editor 

L. A. PLATE, Assistant Editor 

Entered at the Postoffie* at Elgin. III., as Second-elnss Matter. 
Acceptance for mailing at special rale »f prm-hlo,! for id 
section 1103, Act of October 3, 1917. authorized August -'U, 1MB. 

Notes From Our Correspondents 

(Continued from Page 29) 
Workers' hour was tafren up with the illustrated lecture on "Mis- 
sions in China." by Bro. Hesse. This was followed by the cantata, 
"Redeemer and King." directed by Raymond Ellis, our chorister. 
The rendition was good and the attendance was larger than usual. 
Dec 23 the Sunday-school held its Christmas exercises, after which 
Bro. Hesse gave an illustrated lecture, "The Star of the East." A 
male quartette sang. Bro. Hesse was presented with a handsome 
chair by the school. We did not quite reach our two hundred 
mark, but are still working at it.— J. Howard Ellis, Nornstown, Pa.. 
Dec 26. 

Pittsburgh.— At our regular December council, on the 10th, all busi- 
ness was completed for 1919, and church officers elected for the ensu- 
ing year. Bro. A. O. Homer, who has served as our Sunday-school 
superintendent virtually every year since the dedication of the Pitts- 
burgh church, was unanimously reelected for 1920. Other appoint- 
ments were also made. Two letters of membership were read and 
the meeting adjourned. The Junior Department and Christmas Pro- 
gram Committee were busy all of December, preparing for the enter- 
tainment which took place Dec. 23. A special collection was lifted 
and turned over to the Social Service Secretary. The buying was 
not so extensive this year, however five baskets were filled with 
food and clothing and delivered to worthy families. We do not wish 
to limit this kind of work to just this season of the year, and a 
goodly fund on hand will enable us to do a great deal of work among 
the poor, as needed later on. Dec. 26 a Sunday-school Meeting was 
called, but was not as well attended as was expected. Officers and 
teachers for the Sunday-school were elected. Mrs. Warstler, the pas- 
tor's wife, is the Junior superintendent for 1920. The yearly report 
for the Sunday-school shows that our work is progressing. Attend- 
ance and collection have greatly improved over that of last year. 
Both Sunday-school and church work show a marked improvement. 
The installation service for the new Sunday-school and church officers 
is scheduled for the first Sunday of the new year.— Nelle Forney, 
5878 Burchfield Avenue, Pittsburgh, Pa., Dec 31. 

Rommel.— We met in council Dec 23 and elected church and Sun- 
day-school officers for the coming year. Our pastor, Bro. A. J. 
Beeghly. presided at the meeting. Eld. Peter Knavel has returned 
to our midst after spending some months in California, and was 
also present at the meeting. Bro. Beeghly was elected elder for the 
coming year; Bro. Lewis Penrod, Sunday-school superintendent- Our 
Christmas program, rendered Dec. 23 to a large audience, was quite 
a success. The children had a large part in the program. Messages 
in song were given and a spicy Christmas address by Bro. A. G. 
Faust, of Juniata College. Three were baptized in the Rummel con- 
gregation Dec. 9.— Mrs. J. E. Murphy, Rummel, Pa., Dec. 27. 

Schuylkill church met in council Dec. 20, with Eld. E. M. Wenger 
presiding. One was reclaimed, and previous to this, one was bap- 
tized, making six additions to the church during the past year. The 
District Meeting will be held here in the Big Dam churchhouse in 
April. Any one who would like to have information concerning the 
meeting, will please correspond with Bro. E. M. Wenger, Fredericks- 
burg, Pa. The church is unanimous in desiring to put forth every 
effort to make it possible lor Bro. Wenger to move among us. The 
church has made good progress under his leadership. — Cora M. Beck- 
er, Pine Grove, Pa., Dec. 26. 

Snake Spring.— At the Cherry Lane house, Dec. H, we closed a 
very spiritual meeting, which began Dec. 4, conducted by Bro. Geo. 
Batzel, of Tatesville, Pa. Three were received by baptism and two 
were reclaimed. Dec 12 Eld. J. B. Emmert, missionary on furlough, 
gave us a very interesting illustrated lecture on the India field, in 
which he is working.— Emanuel G. Koones, Clearville, Pa., Dec. 23. 

Springville church met in council in December, with Eld. Abram 
Royer presiding. Two letters were granted and Sunday-school officers 
were elected: For Springville, superintendent, R. M. Hertzog; Denver, 
Rufus Royer; Cocalico, Evan M. Dinger. Dec. 9 Eld. J. W. G. 
Hershey, of Lithz, Pa., opened a series of meetings at Cocalico. He 
was assisted by Bro. Harvey Eberly, also of Lititz. The meetings 
closed Dec. 21. They were fairly well attended and the interest was 
good. Two confessed Christ. Our next series of meetings will be 
conducted by Bro. Eshelman, of Rheems, Pa., at Mower's Jan. 17^- 
Aaron R. Gibbel, Ephrata, Pa., Dec. 26, 

Spring Grove.— We met in council Dec. 27, at which Sunday-school 
officers were elected, with Bro. Frank Weitzel, superintendent. Three 
certificates were granted. Dec. 20 a Christmas offering, amounting 
to $9.30, was taken for the benefit of the orphanage at Neffsville.— 
Florence L. Mohler, New Holland, Pa., Dec. 27. 

Welsh Run.— The two weeks' revival, conducted by Bro. Samuel ' 
Stouffer, closed Dec. 21. Bro. Stouffer preached eighteen sermons 
and visited in many homes. The attendance was hindered somewhat 
by the intensely cold weather, but the interest and attention were 
splendid during the entire meeting. Three confessed Christ. The 
members have been made to realize more keenly their responsibility 
to work for the saving of souls.— Mrs. N. A. Winger, Mercersburg, 
Pa., Dec. 22. 

York (Second Church).— We just closed a most interesting series 
of meetings at the East York church, with Bro. John E. Rowland, of 
Bunkertown, in charge. The attendance and interest were good 
throughout the meetings. Seventeen were added to the church by 
baptism and one was reinstated.— Alice K. Trimmer, York, Pa., Dec. 


Pleasant Grove church met in council Dec 19, with Bro. J. A. Mil- 
ler presiding. All officers were retained. We had our regular serv- 
ices also on Saturday night and twice on Sunday. Bro. Miller gave 
us three interesting sermons, which were greatly enjoyed and ap- 
preciated.— Jessie Mahaffey, Hufsmith, Texas, Dec 28. 


Barren Ridge church met in council on Thanksgiving Day. A com- 
mittee was appointed to organize our Sunday-school for 1920. Victor 
Phillips and Walter Crickenberger were elected Sunday-school super- 
intendents. We recently held a two weeks' series of meetings, which 
resulted in five conversions. Bro. Geo. A. Early, of Maryland, was 
the evangelist.— J. W. Crickenberger, Waynesboro, Va., Dec. 29. 

Beaver Creek church met in council Dec. 27, with Eld. N. S. Mannon 
presiding. Two letters were granted and officers were elected for the 
coming year: Sister Bailie Simmons, clerk; the writer, correspondent ; 
Temperance Committee. Brethren Enoch and Jesse Reed and Eld. J. 
F. Mannon. Bro. N. S. Mannon was chosen presiding elder for the 
coming year.— Bessie Mannon, Sowers, Va., Dec. 29. 

BetfaeL-Sept. 7 Bro. W. E. Cunningham began a series of meet- 
ings at a mission point of the Bethel church, at Phoenix Soapstone 
quarry. The services continued through the week. No immediate 
result was seen, hut a Sunday-school was organized, which now has 
an enrollment of about ninety. They also have a prayer meeting 
every Sunday night except the first Sunday, when Bro. Cunningham 
preaches for them. One great result was the elosing of the dance 
hall, which was converted into a piace of worship. Sinae our last 
report two have been added to the church by baptism. Oct. 1 we 
held our regular council and love least. In the absence of our elder, 
Bro. I. N. H. Beahm, Bro. Cunningham presided at the council and 

Bro Byrd officiated at the love feast, at which about forty members 
were present.— Mrs. Maggie Cunningham, Shipmati, Va., Dec. 20. 

Bethlehem— Bro. C. D. Hylton, of Troutville, Va„ began a two 
weeks' series of meetings at this place Dec. 7. Ten were baptized 
and one was restored. The meetings were well attended, even though 
the weather conditions were very unfavorable a large part of the 
time.— G. L. Bowman, Boone Mill, Va., Dec. 24. 

Forest Chapel.— We have just closed a very interesting scries of 
meetings, conducted by Bro. C. H. Walter, of Summum, 111. He 
preached twenty forceful sermons and visited in quite a number of 
homes. Ten were baptized and all were greatly strengthened. The 
earnest efforts, put forth by Bro. Walter and wife during this 
meeting, will long be remembered. Our love feast was held Dec. 13, 
with about fifty communing. Bro. Walter officiated— J. S. Scrogham, 
Crimora, Va., Dec. 25. 

Harrisonburg.— Ou?~patTor, Bro. E. S. Coffman, began a series of 
meetings Nov. 2 and closed Nov. 16. The meetings were well attended 
and the membership was greatly benefited. The sermons were in- 
spiring and uplifting. Eight were received by Christian baptism. 
Dec 12 the church met in council, with Eld. P. S. Thomas presiding. 
Inasmuch as there are a number of people of our city that the church- 
es have been unable to reach, there has been a Federation Movement 
on foot. At this meeting we decided to cooperate with the other 
churches of the city. Dec. 16 we elected church and Sunday-school 
officers: Bro. P. S. Thomas, elder for the coming year; Bro. J. E. 
Roller, Sunday-school superintendent. Dec. 15 the Sisters' Aid So- 
ciety served dinner and conducted a white sale, from which was 
realized $260.— Mrs. Emanuel Blosser, Harrisonburg, Va., Dec. 24. 

Mt. Vernon church met in council Dec. 19, with Eld. J. 8. Kindig 
presiding. Eld. C. B. Smith and wife, of Morrill, Eans., were re- 
ceived by letter, having been called here to take up pastoral work. 
Eld. J. R. Kindig was elected elder for 1920; Brethren Showalter and 
Chas. Kindig, Sunday-school superintendents. It was decided to have 

a Sunday-school Board, consisting of Brethren C. B. Smith, — ■ 

Showalter. Chas. Kindig and D. F. Peters. Bro. C. B. Smith was 
added to our mission as an advisory member. Dec. 28 our Sunday- 
school was reorganized. Sister Mary Smith has charge of the Home 
Department, and Sister Mary Stump looks after the Cradle Roll- 
Mrs. J. F. Loving, Waynesboro, Va,, Dec. 29. 

Peters Creek.— Our Thanksgiving services were conducted by Eld. 
J. F. Deaton, of Eaton, Ohio. An offering of $101 was taken for mis-' 
sionary work. Dec. 20 we met in council, with Eld. Levi Garst pre- 
siding. We decided to change our plans for raising money to defray 
church expenses and for 1920 will use the envelope system. One 
letter of membership was received and officers were reelected for 
the coming year. We have purchased a churohhouse in Salem, Va. 
Preaching services will te held the first of the year, and Sunday- 
school April 1.— Mildred Naff, Roanoke, Va., Dec. 22. 

Trevilian church met in council Dec. 26, with Eld. I. M. Neff pre. 
siding. The following officers were elected for the coming year: Bro. 
I. M. Neff, elder; Brb. L. A. Shumaker, clerk; Brethren A. G. Snyder 
and L. A. Shumaker, Sunday-school superintendents; the writer, 
correspondent. A number of other officers were also chosen to 
help with the work. It was decided to discontinue the twice-a- 
month- night services, as the attendance is small. Eld. B. F. Glick 
and Bro. W. E. Bibb, with their families, have recently moved to 
Richmond, Va.— Eva G. Glick, Louisa, Va., Dec. 30. 


Seattle church met in council Dec. 16, with Bro. R. F. Hiner pre- 
siding. One letter was received and officers elected for the coming 
year: Elder, R. F. Hiner; church clerk, F. F. Dull; correspondent 
and "Messenger" agent, Cleora Z. Hiner; Sunday-school superin- 
tendent, Bro. J. E. Throne; Christian Workers' president, Sister 
J. E. Throne. We have just completed two new class rooms, the 
Primary Department having outgrown its quarters. Bro. Alva Long, 
of Idaho, will begin a series of meetings here Dec. 28.— Cleora Z. 
Hiner, Seattle, Wash., Dec. 23. 


Bliiefield.— Dec. 12 Sister Elsie Shickel came to our church and gave 
us three splendid addresses on Sunday-school work. We expect to 
send three of our workers to Daleville, to attend the Sunday-school 
Institute Feb. 16 to March 1. Dec. 14 our elder, Bro. C. E. Trout, 
was" with us, and preached two good sermons and conducted a council. 
Church and Sunday-school officers for the coming year were elected. 
Bro. J. C. Dixon was chosen " Messenger" agent; the writer, church 
clerk, correspondent and superintendent of Sunday-school. Dec. 21 
Bro. E. C. Woodie, of Daleville, Va., gave us two inspiring talks. 
Bro. Woodie will be with us once each month until June 1, 1920. One 
has made the good choice since our last report. We are praying that 
the Lord will send us a permanent worker.— C. E. Boone, 124 Wythe 
Avenue, Bluefield, W. Va., Dec. 22. 

Capon Chapel.— Oct. 4 Bro. John S. Fike, of Eglon, W. Va., began a 
series of meetings at the Mission Chapel, preaching in all seven in- 
spiring sermons. Oct. 10 we held our love feast, which was much en- 
joyed by the seventy members present, including a number from 
the different congregations of the First District of West Virginia. 
The following day we met for District Meeting. The work of the 
day was very pleasant, under the general management of Bro. G. S. 
Arnold, moderator. Our meetings closed Oct. 12. One was baptized. 
The meetings were a great uplift to this congregation. The District 
Meeting for next year will be held in the Harman congregation. 
Oct. 22 Bro. B. W. Smith, of Burlington, W. Va., began a series of 
meetings at Milo, a mission point in this congregation. The church 
was much strengthened and one was baptized. Nov. 1 Bro. Smith 
held a series of meetings at Brighfs Hollow, a regular preaching 
point. He delivered in all eleven sermons and a great interest was 
manifested. We expect to have Bro. Smith with us again at Mission 
Chapel in September. Nov. IS Bro. A. J. Whitacre, of Pinto, Md., 
began a meeting at Emboden, and while there were no additions to 
the church, the members were much benefited.— Delcic L. Shanholtz, 
Levels, W. Va., Dec. 25. 

Fairview church met for Thanksgiving services Nov. 27, with Bro. 
Frank H. Harvey in charge. A missionary offering of $26.67 was 
taken. We hope to have an Evergreen Sunday-school through the 
winter.— Iva E. Harvey, Gormania, W. Va., Dec. 29, 


Stanley church met in council Dec. 20, with Bro. W. W. Gibson, our 
pastor, presiding. Sunday-school officers were elected for a period 
of six months, with Bro. O. W. Henderson, superintendent. Christian 
Workers' officers were also elected, with Bro. Wm. Flora, president. 
Since our last report five letters have been received and quite a 
few more members have moved in recently. Our membership is in- 
creasing very fast. Dec. 21 our pastor preached a very inspiring 
sermon, after which one accepted Christ. In the evening a very nice 
Christmas program was rendered to a large audience.— Mrs. Faith 
Henderson, Stanley, Wis., Dec. 27. 

The Message of the Book of 

This is a plain, simple, practical treatise on the book of Rev- 
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seven churches, the seven seals, the seven bowls full of the 
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Order From 

The Gospel Messenger 

"THY KINGDOM COME "— M.«. 6: io : L»ie 11,2 

" Till we all attain unto . . 
fulness of Christ."— Eph. A; 

the stature of the 

Vol. 69 

Elgin, III., January 17, 1920 

No. 3 

In This Number 

Practical Preaching 

Why These Are Glorious Days, 

What the Student Volunteers Intend to Do, .*.. 

The Quiet Hour 

Among the Churches, 

Around the World, 

Contributors' Forum- 
Down in the Valley Some One Needs You (Poem), 

An Open Field for Sisters. By J. H. Moore, : 

Drawing On the Reserve Force. By Oma Karn 

Baptism. By D. W. Kurtz 

Forgiving Others. By Warren Slabaugh, 

Jesus the Trouble Maker. By Paul Mohler, 

Action and Self-sacrifice. By Jesse Stroup, 

The Round Table- 
Beautiful Thoughts. By Julia Graydon, 

Safety. By Noah Longanccker 

The Man in a Hurry. By Olive A. Smith, 

Which? By W. G. Nycc, , 

Rightly Dividing the Word of Truth. By Nancy D. Under! 
The Christian's Legitimate Recreations. By Ida M. Helm, 
His Beautiful Hands. By Leander Smith, 

Home and Family — 

A Poem of Poems (Poem) , 

Loved Into Being Nice. By Ida M. Helm, 

What the Student Volunteers Intend to Do 


Practical Preaching 

Preaching must be practical to be of value, but 
such preaching is not limited to denunciation of spe- 
cific sins or exhortation to specific duties. Sometimes 
it is necessary to speak out and' to call things by their 
proper names. The true preacher will not shrink from 
doirtg this, on occasion. But this is a small part, and 
the least important part, of practical preaching. 

That preaching is most practical which comes nearest 
to the deepest need of the congregation. And usually 
this is the enrichment of the soul life. I am speaking 
now of preaching to church members as distinct from 
the evangelistic appeal. What most Christians need is 
a broader and deeper grasp of Biblical truth, a keener 
appetite for spiritual things and greater love for Christ 
and their fellow-men. This will give them the best 
possible preparation for the exigencies of daily living. 
This will best enable them to decide each question of 
duty as they meet it, and give them the needed strength 
to put the decision into execution. 

There is, indeed, a large amount of preaching that 
is not very practical — preaching that is mostly theoriz- 
ing about things which have no relation to Christian life 
and duty. But that is an extremely narrow notion 
which thinks preaching is not practical unless it is tell- 
ing exactly what to do or what not. Preaching which 
helps to lead the congregation into closer fellowship 
with Christ, is practical preaching of the highest order. 

Why These Are Glorious Days 

It is because of the chance they give to make a brave 
fight for righteousness. Do you know of anything 
more glorious than that ? 

Days of victory and success are glorious, too, in 
their way, but they are so likely to breed a dangerous 
feeling of self-satisfiedness— the feeling that makes 
you want to quit and sit down and enjoy yourself: And 
this tempts you to .cheat yourself of the best enjoy- 

The days of opportunity to push the cause forward 
toward the victory that is still ahead, the days of hard 
conflict with the giant forces of iniquity, the days that 
call on every hand for every drop of righteous red 
blood in you — these are the truly glorious days. 

These are the days we are living in right now. Are 
you not glad that God was SO good to you that he per- 
mitted you to live your life at such a time as this ? But 
are you in the front line trenches? Have you gone 
into this thing with your whole soul ? 

Don't lag! Come on in ! The fighting's fine 1 You 
can't afford to miss it I 

You could make a good guess if you had heard the 
key-note speech of that master of Christian statesman- 
ship, Chairman John R. Mott. It was a vivid and im- 
pressive contrast which he pictured between the old 
world of six years ago, when the Convention met at 
Kansas City, and the new world which confronted the 
seven thousand students gathered in the big Coliseum 
at Des Moines. 

He was under no illusions. He realized what had 
happened in the last six years. He made the listener 
realize it too. He gave both sides. He showed how 
the cause had been set back, and he also showed where 
we could take hold to push it forward. The point of 
special emphasis was the plastic nature of this new 
world and the great Christian opportunity to mold it 
before it hardens. 

Then, if you had followed the program through, 
from Wednesday afternoon to Sunday night, if you 
had heard the addresses, one after another, products of 
the ripest thought of many of the most talented Chris- 
tian leaders of America, Canada, and other nations, if 
you had' heard the testimonies and appeals, fresh from 
the firing line in every quarter of the globe, if you had 
studied carefully the exhibits of .achievements and 
plans in the various mission fields, if you had seen the 
pledging of over $175,000, not for missions directly, 
but a contribution. toward the running expenses of, this 
organization for the next four years — if you had heard 
and seen these' things and shared in all the other experi- 
ences which were a part of this remarkable Convention, 
then you could not only guess, you would know, what 
the Student Volunteers intend to do. 

The Student Volunteer Movement is a recruiting 
agency. It does not send out missionaries. It provides 
the various Mission Boards with the choicest mission- 
ary material. It inspires the Christian students of the 
United States and Canada with an intelligent interest 
in foreign missions. It helps prospective missionaries 
to prepare for their life-work. It lays upon the stu- 
dents who are to remain at horne, as ministers and lay 
workers, an equal burden of responsibility in promot- 
ing the missionary enterprise by their active advocacy, 
their gifts and their prayers. 

The Des Moines Convention had a cosmopolitan 
constituency and a cosmopolitan outlook. The bulk of 
the delegates came from theYarioUs States and Prov- 
inces of the United States and Canada, but there were 
representatives from forty different nations. And no- 
body thought in provincial terms. The delegates 
seemed to feel that their citizenship was world-wide 
and so was their program. 

You got the impression of comprehensiveness and 
thorough-going efficiency from the very start, even be- 
fore the sessions began. The way the credential com- 
mittee put through those seven thousand — not seven 
hundred but seven thousand — delegates, receiving and 
verifying the credentials o{ e"ach, and giving him in 
exchange a ticket of admission to the Coliseum, with 
a card for lodging assignment attached, a map of the 
city of Des Moines, a hand-book of general infor- 
mation, and a copy of the Convention hymn book, 
specially prepared for the occasion — well, it was a 
revelation in scientific management and served to put 
everybody in excellent spirits and to create a most 
wholesome general atmosphere. If anybody had a 
mix-up in his lodging accommodations or other matter 
of special difficulty, there was the " trouble " commit- 
tee near at hand to investigate, straighten out the 
tangle, and send him on his way rejoicing. 

And the way the Convention program unfolded, as 
the sessions succeeded one another — for this was not 

published in advance and you never knew just what to 
expect— was another revelation in far-sighted planning 
and successful execution. The Geography of the 
World Field, A Survey of What the Student Volun- 
teer Movement Has Accomplished in the Thirty-three 
Years of Its Existence, Christianizing Our National 
and International Life, The Demand of the Churches 
on the Students of the Colleges and Universities, The 
Worth and Failure of the Non-Christian Religions, 
Have We a Gospel Indispensable to the Whole World? 
—these are some of the themes which engaged the at- 
tention of the Convention. The afternoons, except the 
first and the last, were given to sectional conferences 
on the different mission fields, the various kinds of 
missionary effort, such as evangelistic, medical, educa- 
tional, industrial and agricultural, and the respective 
denominational activities. 

These denominational conferences were held on 
Saturday afternoon. At this time the Church of the 
Brethren delegates assembled in the little but neat and 
substantial brick church in which the members of Des 
Moines worship, in the eastern part of the city, where 
a blessed season of fellowship was enjoyed. The con- 
ference was in charge of our General Mission Board 
Secretary, Bro. J. H. B. Williams. The general topic 
for discussion was " A Practical Interpretation of the 
Convention." Sister Anna Eby and Brethren J. B. 
Emmert and J. M. Blough, of India, Sister Anna V. 
Blough, of China, Bro. Galen B. Royer, of Juniata 
College, Bro. J. J. Yoder, of tire General Mission 
Board, Bro. A. D. Helser, Traveling Secretary for the 
Volunteers of our own schools, and other speakers 
participated in the program. Bro. A. P. Blough, an- 
other member of the General Mission Board, was also 
present. All our schools were represented by student 
delegates and in most cases by a member of the faculty . 

At the close of this unique conference the delegates 
were invited to the church basement, where the Des 
Moines members had prepared for them a bounteous 
supper. We had been feasting on spiritual things and 
now our physical and social appetites were ministered 
to with corresponding liberality. The hospitality of' 
the Des Moines church will not soon be forgotten by 
the ninety convention delegates who so thoroughlv en- 
joyed it. They retupned to the big Coliseum in high 
spirits and more deeply entrenched than ever in the 
conviction that the Church of the Brethren must bear 
an honorable part in the great world program which 
Christ committed to his disciples and upon which the 
Student Volunteers have set their hearts. 

There is something tremendously gripping about 
that program as, under such influences as these, the 
very audacity of it breaks in upon you with new force. 
It's big enough and hard enough to command the best 
that's in you. And it's good enough and fine enough to 
make you wish it could he done. And so you just 
decide that it must be done, and that you are going to 
help put it over. It is just the thing to appeal to red- 
blooded young men and women, such as make up the 
vigorous young life of our colleges. 

What do the Student Volunteers intend to do? Why, 
they intend to evangelize the world. And they intend 
to do it in this generation. 

Smile at that if you want to. Perhaps you recall 
that this is the motto with which they started out 
thirty-three years ago. And a generation has passed. 
And they haven't evangelized the world yet. At least, 
they are still going to do it. 

Well, what of it? Shouldn't they? Do you know 
when this generation begins and ends? And what it 
means to evangelize the world? Think it over. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 17, 1920 


Down in the Valley Some One Needs You 

Are you dwelling in the sunlight ? 

1> your path with roses strewn? 
Do you walk with buoyant gladness 

In the steps that you have hewn? 
Have you reached the top of Pisgah, 

Climbing always firm and true? 
Don't forget that in the valley 

There is some one needing you. 
Is vour day one round of pleasure 

From the morn till set of sun? 
Know you nought of pain or sorrow; 

Are your victories all won? 
Reach a hand to help your brother, 

Who is striving hard and true. 
Don't forget that in the valley. 

There is some one needing you. 
Sweet it is to dwell in sunlight, 

Where the shadows never rise, 
Where the balmy, wafting breezes, 

Kiss the blue, o'erhanging skies. 
But there's always, 'mid the shadows, 

Some poor mortal brave and true. 
Don't forget that in the valley 

There is some, one needing you. 

— Mary Barrett. 

An Open Field for Sisters 


When conducting a regular service in our own 
congregation, we always glance over the audience to 
see if all the members of the flock are present. On 
one occasion we missed a sister who was in the habit 
of attending every service — prayer meetings and all. 
We wondered what had happened. We reasoned that 
something unusual had crossed her path. 

At the evening meeting for the same day she was 
in her accustomed place, and took an active part in 
the services. But another sister, a fine stand-by, was 
absent. We had not known her to miss a religious 
gathering in a year. What could this mean? — we 
asked. When greeting the worshipers at the close of 
the exercises, a third sister told us that she was going 

down the street to take care of Mrs. for the 

night. Then we learned that Mrs. was sick 

and that the two sisters, each of whom had missed a 
service, were looking after the sick woman. We spoke 
to some of the deacons, suggesting that they see to 
it that the sick woman be not neglected, for sick peo- 
ple, though not members of our church, must not be 
left to suffer in a community of Christian people. 

These deacons told us that some of the sisters Jhad 
taken the case in hand and had planned to take their 
. turns in looking after the sick neighbor. A few days 
later the matter was brought up in a meeting of the 
Sisters' Aid Society, and further plans were perfected. 
And still later, money was being collected to pay for 
the services of a nurse, who could give the case regu- 
lar attention. Then it was that we said : " Blessed are 
the sisters who take care of the sick, even if it does 
cause them to miss a service." To miss a meeting, 
for members of this type, is like missing a regular meal. 
. It is a sacrifice and is always sure to draw a blessing. 

As we pondered over the incident, we thought of 
what Paul wrote, the members at Philippi about help- 
ing the women who labored with him in the Gospel. In 
the time of Paul there were sisters who rendered valu- 
able service for the good of humanity, and the apostle 
would not have their needs overlooked. 

W e also read of the women who ministered unto 
Jesus of their substance. We are not told how many 
there were of them, nor to what extent they supplied 
what he needed in the way of food, clothing and 
lodging. They were interested in the work that Jesus 
was doing and were willing to give of their time, 
strength and substance, in order that the good he was 
doing might be continued. In fact, the Gospels abound 
in references to the part that devout women played in 
the spread of the truth and the help rendered to those 
who were looking after the interest of the kingdom. 

This leads up to still broader fields calling for the 
services of properly-trained women and men. We 
have all around us opportunities for bettering the con- 

dition of others. There are the sick, poverty-stricken 
and the unsaved. When it comes to looking after the 
stck, women have proven to be niore efficient than men. 
For the sick and maimed, in times of peace as well as 
in times of war, we have trained women as nurses. 
Women have proved their ability to manage works of 
charity and to provide for the relief of the distressed. 
One has only to consider the achievements of the Red 
Cross Society to learn what an organized body of 
women may accomplish, when trained for the purpose. 

But the works of charity require training and or- 
ganization. It is the trained woman who is the most 
efficient in the sick-room. This is also true in the 
works of charity. The woman who would render the 
best service in the care of, or looking after the needy, 
finds training a necessity. Organization provides for 
the power that keeps tilings moving in the right way. 

Our people have a fine reputation for the attention 
they give the sick and the poor, but they have no special 
organization for this line of work. In spite of the at- 
tention we mean to give the sick they are sometimes 
neglected, and even the wants of the poor are over- 
looked, and as a result there is suffering that might 
otherwise be avoided. 

In view of becoming more efficient in good works, 
why could not the Sisters' Aid Society take upon it- 
self the responsibility of looking after the sick and 
unfortunate of the church and the community? Let 
this be a branch of their work. A committee would 
always be on the lookout for people needing help. 
Any one getting sick would have the early attention of 
this committee. Should help be needed, the committee 
will know how to take care of the case until the situa- 
tion can be brought to the attention of the society. 

People of means can employ and pay for such help 
as may be required, but there are poor people who can 
not afford assistance of this sort. In such cases the 
Aid Society might render valuable service. They can 
raise at least a part of the money needed for a nurse, 
or other help, and in this way give the sick among the 
poor, as well as among the well-to-do, a chance to re- 

It occurred to us that the sisters might, among them- 
selves, set in motion a movement that would in time 
take care of all of our works of charity. In their 
meetings they can discuss the question, study the work 
and even plan for the care of the sick and poor in 
their own respective congregations. For two centuries 
we have been making the deacons largely responsible 
for the care of the sick and poor. But deacons, like 
most other men, are busy persons. "Their whole at- 
tention is taken up in making a living and sometimes 
in making more money than they need. True, they can 
give the poor and the sick attention, but they can not 
get into the very soul of the unfortunate like the 
women can. Furthermore, the men can give dollars 
easier than they can give time and thought to such 
matters. Besides, sisters, as a rule, can excel the 
brethren gathering money and rendering the more ef- 
ficient service to the needy. 

We have been doing a good deal of preaching and 
writing against secret societies, and while setting forth 
our claims of looking after the poor, we have never, 
in our practice, fully measured up to what we have 
been preaching. We need something to take the place 
of the helping hand, made so prominent by some of 
the societies that we have been opposing. Here is a 
work that the sisters can quite naturally take up and 
carry to a most commendable stage. If the sisters in 
one congregation can, through their organization, and 
by consulting with the elders, look after the sick and" 
the poor, why may not the same plan be effectively 
carried out in many other churches? It seems to us 
that in this communication we have merely touched 
on a subject that is too extensive to be fully treated 
in one short article. It opens up a field of marvelous 
possibilities for the Sisters' Aid Societies. It means 
not only provision for the sick but for the poor, the 
maimed, the unfortunate, as well as other lines of 
Sebring, Fla. 

If we are always ready to do God's errands, he will 
keep us busy, and guide us, 

Drawing On the Reserve Force 


At sight of the long hill ahead of us our man at the 
wheel shifted the gears into second. Half-way up the 
steep incline we struck a stretch of fine sand. The 
wheels of our good Saxon revolved a few times and 
then stood still. Our man at the wheel promptly shift- 
ed into low. The engine puffed as with remonstrance, 
emitted a fierce chug, chug, and lo, we were again 
moving steadily forward. 

The secret of this moving forward was because of 
tlur putting on of more power. Held in reserve was 
a supply of dynamic force which, when applied, af- 
forded, the impetus necessary for movement. The 
Heavenly Father deals with his children in much the 
same manner we deal with a stalled motor-car. Some 
apparently insurmountable obstacle looms ahead of us. 
We rush before the Lord with a frantic appeal to be 
spared the experience— in our disturbance of mind 
forgetting the " nevertheless," and the " Thy will," 
of the prayer in the Garden. Consequently we be- 
come stranded, helplessly detained for awhile — pos- 
sibly obliged to drop what we are doing and give it 
into the care of more efficient hands. 

It is a distressing experience, and one to be avoided, 
if possible, and it is possible, for the fault lies within 
ourselves to correct. Much wiser, and far more to 
the Lord's purpose, is the prayer which humbly asks 
for strength with which to meet the ordeal. Let an 
appeal of this class ascend to the Throne, and the 
entire dynamic force of heaven is at the command of 
the one asking. There is no such thing as failing to 
get through when drawing on this power-house of the 
skies for supply. The moving force of God, in the 
difficulties which attend us through life, is very great. 
It is free in price but at our disposal only through ask- 
ing. " Ye shall receive power after the Holy Ghost is 
come upon you." The power here promised came after 
a prayer meeting which was in session -ten days. *The 
wonderful Day of Pentecost followed. "Ask, and ye 
shall receive." The secrets of the prayerrhfe shall 
make it impossible that you shall be a stranger to the 
secrets of power for service. Try it, and see! 

Ashland, Ohio. 



The discussions on baptism have often generated 
more heat than light. In these modern days, when the 
acid test of values is put to all things, it is up to the 
church to show the value — in spiritual and moral terms 
— of her symbols, dogmas and practices. It is not 
enough to say: "It is commanded, therefore obey." 
That is legalism — to obey God eijher because he is 
stronger than we are, or because we are selfishly seek- 
ing a reward. We ask men to obey God, not because 
of his power, but because of his goodness, his holiness, 
his perfect righteoiisness and love. We obey him be- 
cause he is right. 

Baptism is to be performed because of its spiritual 
and ethical value to the individual, and therefore to 
the church. The Jews practiced baptism upon the 
Gentile proselytes. Before a proselyte could become 
a member of the Jewish church, he had to be circum- 
cised, to sacrifice and to be baptized. The Jewish 
mode of baptism was a complete immersion in water. 
The applicant, devoid of his clothing, stood in the 
water up to his neck, then, at the command of the 
rabbi, who stood upon the bank of the river or pool, 
the applicant had to submerge under the water, so 
that the water completely covered him. To the Jews 
the symbol was simple and clear. The Gentile must 
be cleansed, purified. Water is the symbol of cleansing 
— and the immersion symbolizes the complete, perfect 
cleansing of the new convert. 

John the Baptist had this same idea in his preach- 
ing: " Repent, for the Kingdom of heaven is at hand." 
John baptized Jews as well as others — perhaps mostly 
Jews. To John, baptism was essential for entrance 
into the Kingdom. Why? Were not the Jews the 
chosen people? Are not the seed of Abraham ex- 
officio members of the Kingdom? "We are Abra- 
ham's seed," they say to John. John gives them to un- 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 17, 1920 


derstand that there is no virtue in that, for God could 
easily make sons of Abraham out of the stones that 
lay around. What God wants is purity, righteousness, 
justice, mercy, and love. No one can get into God's 
Kingdom unless he is clean. Therefore, repent and 
be cleansed, baptized. 

But the Jews are puzzled. They knew that a Gen- 
tile had to clean up, but they believed in a " Kultur," 
that virtue lay in race, in blood, in natural inheritance — 
in being sons of Abraham. How John the Baptist, 
and Jesus and Paul smashed that Jewish fancy ! 

No, the Kingdom of God is only for the " pure in 
heart," the " merciful," " the poor in spirit," the peo- 
ple of faith, love, justice and mercy. There is no 
guarantee of salvation to those who are born of 
"blood, nor of the will of the flesh, nor of the will 
of man, but of God" (John 1: 13). John insisted 
that all must clean up — the wrongdoer must quit his 
wrongdoing; the selfish man must become unselfish; 
the soldier must cease to be inhuman; the thief must 
quit stealing. John completely immersed men in the 
cleansing waters of regeneration and demanded an 
inner, moral, spiritual transformation in character. 
Baptism is the symbol of this change of heart and life. 
Baptism is a new birth. No, it is the symbol of the 
new birth. The new creature is the inner life, the new 
mind and heart. The new love is the basis of a new 
life which makes a new creature. A new birth can 
only be symbolized by a complete immersion — the cov- 
ering, hiding, of the individual, and the appearance 
into the light of a new day; the life of God in the 
heart of man — a transformed life. 

Paul speaks of baptism as a. burial and a resurrec- 
tion. What has already been expressed makes this 
clear. The old man of sin is to die, and to be buried. 
What is dead should be buried. Paul emphasizes that 
the law of sin is death. We are dead through tres- 
passes and sins. But the faith in Chrjst, which makes 
his grace dynamic in our lives, creates a new life, a 
new creature. The great moral and spiritual fact is 
symbolized by baptism. How can a burial and resur- 
rection be pictured or symbolized? The way it was 
done by the apostles was by a complete immersion, 
which showed the burial of the old man of sin and the 
resurrection of the new man in Christ. If this spir- 
itual fact is to be pictured at all, the symbol must be 
adequate and appropriate. Nothing has yet been sug- 
gested that is better than the apostolic symbol — im- 
mersion. Baptism is not the source of salvation, but 
the symbol, the pedagogic help, the divine means of 
grace, that helps the individual to be transformed by 
the grace of God into a new creature. The result is 
divine sonship. The symbol represents the burial of 
the dead and the resurrection of the eternal. The es- 
sence of the new life is the goal to be attained. 

Again, to be a Christian, one must enter into life — 
into the living God, the living Christ and the eternal 
Spirit. We are baptized into the name — the character, 
life, personality — of Father, Son and Holy Spirit. 
There is no life in us, unless we abide in the vine — in 
the living Christ.. Water is not only the symbol of 
cleansing, it is also the symbol of life. There is no 
life on earth without moisture. Water is referred to 
many times as the life-giving, life-preserving element. 
The rains, the springs, rivers and fountains make life 

The soul must abide in the living God. Hence con- 
version is the act of entering into the living fellowship 
and living relation with God— Father, Son and Holy 
Spirit. Here baptism, again, is the symbol of entering 
into the fulness of life. Not a partial, a compromising, 
but a complete, whole-hearted surrender, a perfect 
oneness of body, soul and spirit, with the will and 
purpose of God. 

This entering into complete oneness with the triune 
God — into the abundant life — is symbolized by being 
baptized into the name of the Father, and of the Son, 
and of the Holy Spirit, " where there is much water" 
—the symbol of God's bountiful life. This is the way 
the apostles did it. Can we improve upon it? I 
think not. 

What is essential, is, that the spiritual purpose — the 
clean life, the new creature, the abundant life, are 
kept clearly as the goal, and the symbol should be ap- 

propriate and effective, in reaching this goal. The 
goal will not be reached by the form alone. Else we 
could, by force, baptize people and make saints out of 
them. The transforming power is the grace of God 
through faith. 

Baptism — triune immersion — is the symbol for the 
complete cleansing, the burial of the old sinner and 
the resurrection of the new ; the new birth ; and enter- 
ing into the abundant, eternal life of Father, Son and 
Holy Spirit. We must not lose sight of the spiritual 
meaning of the symbol, for the form has no value 
apart from the end that it is to serve. But the form 
itself becomes more beautiful when we see its direct 
relation to the inner nature of the Christian life. The 
world needs a genuine religion. No church has a 
bigger opportunity than the Church of the Brethren, 
to bring to the whole world, the whole Bible and the 
fullness of the Christian religion. 

McPherson, Kansas. 

Forgiving Others 


Of all our petitions, the one most important is that 
for forgiveness of sins. We need temporal blessings, 
but they are only secondary. We need spiritual gifts, 
but they must all wait upon this — the sin which keeps 
us from God must be cleansed. And, strangely, of all 
the petitions of the Lord's Prayer, the petition for 
forgiveness is the only one that is conditioned. " For- 
give us our debts, as we forgive our debtors." What 
does it mean? We are limiting the answer of God. 
Only as we are willing to forgive others, can we ex- 
pect pardon for ourselves. And, farther, this con- 
ditioning is not optional on our part. In the following 
verses, Jesus emphasizes the necessity of forgiveness 
on our part: " But if ye forgive not men their tres- 
passes, neither will your Father forgive your trespass- 
es." We must forgive men, if we want forgiveness 
ourselves. The Father is extending pardon to his 
children, but he has seen fit to restrict his favor to 
those who, like him, can forgive. 

But it is not easy to forgive. We are so proud that 
we resent any infringement upon our rights. Every 
adverse word or act stirs up within us the. spirit of 
retaliation. If any one speaks harshly to us, we want 
to meet it with a harsher, word. We clench our fists 
to meet the coming blow. Our anger flares hot at any 
slight or affront. 

But the Master said : " Whosoever smiteth thee on 
the right cheek, turn to him the other also. Love your 
enemies, and pray for them that persecute you, that 
ye may be the sons of your Father who is in heaven." 
Hear Paul : " Being reviled, we bless ; being perse- 
cuted, we endure; being defamed, we entreat." The 
spirit of the world says:-" Strike back! The man is 
a coward that does not take his part," Peter thought 
that he had reached perfection when he forgave seven 
times. Jesus said: " Not until seven, but until seventy 
times seven." Do not blame Peter. How many of 
us find it easy to forgive even once or twice? 

It is not human to forgive. Our selfishness is against 
it. Our carnal natures counsel holding a grudge, 
nursing anger in our hearts. Forgiveness is divine, and 
it is only as God pours out his grace into our hearts, 
that we shall be able to forgive. We stand amazed 
at the mercy of God. We can never fathom its depths. 
For years he suffered us to live in open rebellion 
against him, and all the while his love did not fail. 
He is not like we are. When we spake against him, he 
was not stirred to anger. With all our rebellion, he 
was not moved to strike back. Our God is not a man, 
nor a superman, with weakness like ours. Our sinning 
moves him to pity — we are so small and unworthy 
that he can find no place for resentment. That is why 
he can forgive. 

We shall never forgive easily until we catch the 
Divine Spirit. When we get a vision of the true 
situation, forgiving will not be so difficult. From a 
human viewpoint, I am the injured party when my 
brother sins against me, but, in reality, unless, by his 
action, I am moved to sin myself, I am not injured 
by his act. But he has sinned ; he has placed his soul 
in danger. How I should pity him ! And how easy 
it ought to be for me to forget my personal grievance 

in my concern for his soul! "If thy brother sin 
against thee, go, show him his fault, between thee and 
him alone. If he hear thee, thou hast gained thy 
brother." I must not try to get even, nor to compel 
him to satisfy my wounded pride. I go, forgiving, in 
order to save him. 

Our lack of charity becomes the hindrance to our 
prayer. And how small these injuries against us are, 
compared to our sins against God! Do you remem- 
ber the parable of Matt. 18? A man owed his Lord 
ten thousand talents, but the master, when he saw 
the terrible despair of the unfortunate man, wiped 
out the whole debt and the offender went out a free 
man. But that forgiven debtor refused to show mercy 
to a fellow-servant who owed him one hundred shil- 
lings. And the story goes on to tell that the lord, in 
his anger at such heartlessness, rolled back the old debt 
upon the man. 

How the heart of the Father must burn when we 
act so meanly! He has forgiven us the unpayable 
debt. We were under the curse, and could do nothing 
of ourselves to purchase the favor of God. But he so 
loved us that he provided a gracious way of salvation, 
whereby we came out of slavery into sonship. To 
think that we will allow anything that man can do, to 
stir us to resentful anger ! Especially when we remem- 
ber that nothing that man can do, can affect our 
safety with God. " For I am persuaded that neither 
death nor life ... can separate me from the love 
of God in Christ Jesus." Can we not forgive little 
wrongs, when God has forgiven so much? " So shall 
also my heavenly Father do unto you, if ye forgive 
not every man his brother from the heart." 

Our Father, gives us grace to forgive ! Be merciful 
when we, in our blindness, esteem our own pride above 
thy salvation ! May thy love be shed abroad in our 
hearts that we may catch the divine spirit of forgive- 

Chicago, III. _ 

Jesus the Trouble Maker 


One of the easiest scriptures to stumble over is 
Matt. 10: 34, "Think not that I came to send peace 
on the earth: I came not to send peace, but a sword." 
To that add the fact that one of the first acts of Christ, 
in his public ministry, was to interfere with business 
in the temple. He drove out the sheep and the oxen, 
and overturned the tables of the money-changers, etc. 
Then, closing your eyes to the rest of his record, let 
your imagination run loose, and you can make out a 
strong case against Jesus as a Trouble-maker. But 
if you do this, you will be as far from the truth as is 
the man that ignores these texts and preaches Jesus 
as an Idealist, whose eyes were blinded by infinite love, 
whose temper was without edge, and whose only at- 
titude toward sin was tender grief. The fact is, that, 
with all his love and tenderness, Jesus did make a lot 
of trouble for some people. That is the reason why 
they killed him and tried so hard to keep him in the 

I once heard an anti-Christian make an attack on the 
Bible. One of the points of his attack was based on 
the declaration that Jesus was the cause of war, and 
favored it with all its evils, quoting the text above 
given. I resented his statements very much, but the 
only essential difference between his statements and 
those of many clergyman, is, that he condemned war, 
and Jesus for inciting it, while the clergymen glorify 
it and cite Jesus as their Authority. 

The fact is that Jesus was both a Maker of trouble 
and also a Preventer of it. To illustrate: I know a 
man whose business it is to keep a fleet of auto-trucks 
in order. His employer wants those trucks kept in 
perfect order, so that they are ready for their work 
every day and all the day. He wants every single 
piece in every truck to be just exactly in its place, 
doing its own work, and not interfering with any other 
part. It is the mechanic's business to keep it so. If 
there is any one thing .that he is not allowed to do, 
it is to set one part to interfering with another, thus 
spoiling the harmony. He is expected to promote the 
harmony of those machines. He does it too : but I 
remember something of his work when first he worked 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 17, 1920 

for that firm. There were several trucks badly out of 
order. What did this mechanic do? Did he smile 
sweetly and say that everything was lovely, and noth- 
ing should be touched? If he had done that, how long 
do you suppose he would have held his job? I'll tell 
you what he did: He went right at those machines, 
cleaning, adjusting, removing and replacing parts un- 
til they were in running order. He made a lot of 
trouble tor the parts that were out of place and not 
working rightly ; but in doing that, he was preventing 
trouble in the present and for the future. 

I generally have pretty good health-. The Lord gave 
me a good body to start with, and it is good yet, but I 
have had a little trouble with it. I find that if one of 
my bones gets out of place, so as to interfere with 
some other part, I have trouble. I learned this first 
when a team of bronchos took a turn with me and left 
me with a lesion in my spine. When die trouble be- 
came serious. I called in an osteopath to help me out. 
I didn't hire him to make trouble for me or to hurt 
me, but if you had seen him working on me, you 
might have thought so. The way he bent, and twisted, 
and pried me around, looked like sure destruction for 
me. but it wasn't. It brought me back into health 
again with my vertebra? in place, and nerves relieved 
from tension. 

So Jesus is in the world. Liken the world to an 
auto, and he is its master mechanic — repairing, ad- 
justing, or renewing parts, when necessary, to pro- 
mote its harmony and usefulness. Liken it to a human 
body, and he- is the " Great Physician,"' setting it in 
order in all its parts. Sometimes his treatment is se- 
vere but it is always wholesome, and .nothing worth 
saving is ever destrayed. 

My friend, the mechanic, sometimes thinks he has 
a hard job. Just the other day he told me that it is 
nothing but grief. The autos will not stay fixed ; there 
is always something the matter. " My friend, the osteo- 
path, also finds some grief. When he gets folks all 
straightened out and in good shape, they just go and 
twist themselves again. But this is nothing to what 
Je^uv had to face. He had a world to straighten out — 
a world that did not want to be straightened— an un- 
willing patient. Oh, yes, each part was willing that 
he should straighten out the other parts, just so he 
didn't interfere with self. So Jesus couldn't please 
the world. It was hard to please even the best of 
men. Indeed, he found it hard to satisfy his own fore- 
runner, John; for when John saw from his prison 
that Jesus was delaying the swift and certain judg- 
ment that he had preached, he sent two of his disciples 
to ]e?us, with a message that meant nothing if not dis- 
satisfaction. Jesus moved too slowly to suit him; 
but he moved too fast to suit the priests and scribes 
and Pharisees. When he struck, they thought it was 
a cyclone. 

I say, the world was in a bad way when Jesus came. 
Its bearings were loose, pistons slapping, wheels wob- 
bling, tires exploding, fenders rattling — the whole ma- 
chine knocking, squeaking, shivering, shaking, missing 
or backfiring, bouncing, jolting, lunging, and plunging 
into mudholes, chuck, rut, crevasse, ditch or bank. 
Jesus understood, but it shrank from his repairs. 

It was in bad health. Its spine was lined with 
lesions. Its bones pressed on its nerves, its arteries, 
and its veins. It had sciatica, neuralgia, and lum- 
bago. It shivered with ague, it spent itself with con- 
vulsive coughing. It had dyspepsia, gallstones, and 
appendicitis. Its heart action was irregular, its blood 
pressure high, and its temperature abnormal. It had 
eczema, scrofula, and leprosy, yet Jesus undertook 
Us cure. What a task! But what a man! 

Did he ever undertake your cure? Was his treat- 
ment severe? If not, are you sure you took it or that 
you are cured? If not, he'll heal you yet; but he'll 
do it in his own way — the right way — that makes for 
a permanent cure. When he is through, your trouble 
will be all gone. He is the Maker of peace. 

( iroville, Washington. 

Action and Self-Sacrifice 


Give your life \<> Christ. Xot merely your name for 
church membership, not merely your presence at 

church councils and Annual Meeting, not merely some 
of your money, time and influence, but your life. 

"' Ye are not your own." If you are a Christian you 
have no right to hold that life as your own, and if you 
are holding it as your own possession, you are holding 
it not by right, but by robbery. " Ye are bought with 
a price. Therefore glorify God in your body and in 
your spirit, which are God's." God so loved you and 
me that he gave Jesus. The world's Redeemer gave 
his life for a sin-cursed world. It is the duty of every 
one to give his life to him who shed his blood for man's 
redemption. Self must be crucified. Selfishness will 
not work in religion. It has no place there. 

Several men were looking at an old engine. One 
man said: " If I would be any part of that engine, I 
would rather be those great drive wheels, that I might 
carry the cargo of human freight to its destiny." An- 
other said : " I would rather be the headlight and 
throw the rays of light in the distance." Another said : 
" I would gather be the cab and protect the engineer 
and fireman." Another said: " I would rather be tbe 
whistle, and sound the praise fo God throughout the 
community through which we go." Emulation! One 
brother said: " Brethren, I am perfectly willing to be 
the old black, greasy coal that you pitch into that fiery 
furnace and put that engine into action." 

Men, that is what God wants. He wants coal. He 
wants men and women who are willing to crucify self 
and to be fuel that the Gospel may be carried to every 
creature. But how ? Take a white piece of paper and 
sign your name in the lower right hand corner, and 
then get down on your knees and say, " O God, fill it 
up, fill it up." He may write on there a check for a 
thousand dollars, or he may write a check for five hun- 
dred, or for one dollar, and some would object even to 
the last amount. But he may write there : " Give me 
your life," and, brother, that is the only true way to 
live for Christ and work for Christ, and that is the 
kind of material it takes to evangelize the world. God 
wants nothing, more or less, than a full and uncondi- 
tional surrender of all that we have and are. 

When the soldiers of the Confederacy were marched 
up by their generals to make their surrender before the 
victorious Union forces at Appomattox, these men — 
brave men, with their tattered uniforms and bronzed 
faces — were almost broken-hearted. They halted be- 
fore the Union lines, and the general leading them 
ordered that they bring their arms forward and stack 
them at the feet of the victors, and it was done. But 
that was not the surrender. Then they brought their 
cartridge-belts and stocks of ammunition, and laid 
them down at the feet of the Union soldiers. But that 
was not the surrender. Then their side-arms were 
thrown at the feet of the soldiers in blue. But that 
was not the surrender. Then they were commanded 
to pull down the flags — those dear old flags, which had 
waved over hill ana* plain, and which had been shat- 
tered with shot and shell, the pride of the Confederacy. 
It is hard to do, but they must come down ; they also 
were laid at the feet of the victors. Then those brave 
men, who had faced the blazing guns of the enemy, 
threw themselves on those ol4 torn battle-flags and 
kissed them, and sobbed as they yielded them, while 
the veterans stood behind their backs, their shoulders 
shaking with emotion, and the hot tears rolling thick 
and fast down their faces. This was the real sur- 
render. Yes, the unconditional surrender. 

My brother, my sister, church membership doesn't 
always mean surrender. Giving a little time and money 
doesn't always mean surrender, j But when you pull 
down that old flag of selfishness and throw it at the 
feet of Christ — that is surrender and that is the path- 
way to joy and glory and blessing. 

May the God of heaven take this message and may 
it sink into each heart! May the Holy Spirit drive out 
everything that defaces beauty, drive out all selfishness 
and prejudice, and implant the great doctrines of God 
which are based upon love; drive out all Mammon 
worship and open up the great vaults of heaven and 
store away the good deeds done in the body, so that, 
when the final day shall come and the books are 
opened, there will appear the prayerful life, the giving 
and sacrificing life— all for Christ and lost souls. 

Holcombe, Wis. 

Notes From Oar Correspondents 

i a tliirsly soul, so is good news [rant a far country 


Bethel lIhh-.1i met in council Dec. 6. Church and Sunday-school 
officers were elected for another year. Two new members have been 
added since our last report mid another family of four members has 
just moved into our midst. The three days before Christmas were 
most interesting ones to us. Bro. Virgil C. Finnell, Field Director 
of Religious Education, gave his inspiring lectures. — Mrs. H. J. 
McDanicl, Chowchilla, Calif., Dec. 27. 

Fresno.— Dec. 28 the Sunday-school officers and teachers were in- 
stalled with a consecration service. Following this, Bro. M. S. 
Frantz, pastor of the Lindsay church, preached the baccalaureate 
sermon to a class of seven graduates in teacher- training. Bro. Frantz 
delivered an excellent and appropriate discourse on the subject of 
" Truth."— Mrs. O. N. Whitlow, Fresno, Calif., Dec. 29. 

Fresno. — Dec. 27, the Figdal^ congregation met in quarterly confer- 
ence,, at the home of the pastor. Bro. J. C. GrofF. Bro. J. R. Rhodes, 
our elder, presided. A pleasant and profitable little meeting was en- 
joyed. We decided to defer the election of church officers until our 
next quarterly conference. We hope to be in our new church building 
by that time. Construction work has now been begun. Our work is 
progressing nicely. Our teachers' training-class, has been splendidly 
attended. Nearly our whole membership takes a part in the work, - 
and shows good interest. We arc now ready for the examination 
on the first division. Bro. Finnell was with us two evenings, re- 
cently, and gave us lectures and stereopticoh views on the Forward 
-Movement, which were, much appreciated by all. An offering was 
lifted for the support of the work. Our Sunday-school gave a Christ- 
mas program. Instead of the usual treat, a barrel, which was nicely 
decorated for the purpose, was nearly filled with gifts by the Sun- 
day : school pupils, for distribution among the needy of our com- 
munity.— Sadie N. Groff, Fresno, Calif., Jan. 2. 

Glendora church met in council Dec. 20. The session was interest- 
ing and inspiring — well in accordance with the high standard of ac- 
tivity in the King's business, which has been our aim. Two members 
were added to our working force by letter. It was decided to pur- 
chase a property for a parsonage. As an opportunity was presented 
to purchase the home now occupied by our pastor, a plan was sug- 
gested for obtaining the means — ?4S0 being subscribed in a few mo- 
ments—toward the first payment. We rejoice that our pastor and 
family may now feel perfectly at home while with us. We also 
ek-cted the church officers as follows: Clerk, Bro. E. R. Brubaker; 
the writer, correspondent. Dec. 21 our young people gave a very good 
program in Christian Workers' Meeting, followed by a soul-thrilling 
sermon on the birth, life and mission of Christ by our elder, Bro. G. 
H. Bashor. It was wonderful in scope, intense in earnestness, pow- 
erful in appeal. One young man was encouraged to acknowledge 
the Lord to be his Savior. On Christmas Eve the children and young 
people rendered an excellent program to a well-filled house, after 
which the baptismal service was attended to. Dec. 26, Bro. J). A. 
Crist, of Quinter, Kans., preached two good sermons. As our pastor 
is soon to be engaged in a series of meetings at Waterford, Calif., 
Bro. Crist will preach the Word to us during his absence. The last 
night of the year 1919 was spent in a reminiscent, self-consecrating 
service of prayer and thanksgiving. The hand of the Lord has visibly 
led us, and his bounties and grace have blessed us, during the last 
year, more perceptibly, perhaps,. than some other years. It was a 
season long to be remembered, and as we step forward in tf)e un- 
tried path of 1920, it is with new strength gained from the Fountain- 
head, and with greater determination to attempt larger things, be- 
cause of a better acquaintance with our Lord and each other. May 
we all live more for his praise and glory the coming' ycarl— Mrs. 
Sylvia L. Netilcy, Glendora, Calif., Jan. 1. 

Golden Gate Mission.— Wc were glad to have Dr. and Sister D. L. 
Horning stop with us just before they sailed for China. Dr. Horning 
gave lis a much appreciated talk on Christmas evening. In company 
with Dr. and Sister Wampler they sailed from San Francisco Dec. 27. 
Dec. 28 Bro. Finnell came to us and for five days conducted a very' 
beneficial and intensely interesting Sunday-school Institute. At our 
January council we elected our church officers: Elder, J. U. G. Stiver- 
son; clerk, Francis Walter; "Messenger" agent, Sister Anna Kline; 
correspondent, the writer.— Ivy Walter, Oakland, Calif., Jan. 3. 

Reedley church met. in council Dec. 16, with Eld. David Sink pre- 
siding. Church and Christian Workers' officers were elected as fol- 
lows: Bro. P. H. Smith, clerk; Sister Mary Brower, "Messenger" 
agent. The presidents of Christian Workers' Meetings are, Bro. Le- 
roy Clark, Senior; Lester S. P. Noll, Intermediate; Sister Ruth Emily, 
Junior. Our Forward Movement committee is planning greater work 
for this year. Bro. Dickey, o£ La Verne, was with us as instructor 
in a very interesting Bible Normal from Dec. 21-27. Dec. 27 the 
Sunday-school officers and teachers were installed. Bro. P. E. 
Robertson, of Lindsay, had charge of tbe devotional service, after 
which Bro. Dickey gave an excellent installation sermon. Four mem- 
bers of the Mission Band of La Verne College gave a splendid pro- 
gram on Sunday morning, Jan. 4. Their subject was: "The Chal- 
lenge to the Church." In the evening Bro. Andrew Blickenstaff, of 
McFarland, gave a short talk on the mission work at Oakland, which 
was followed by a sermon on " Salvation," by Bro. Leo Blickenstaff, 
outgoing missionary to India.— Mabel Fouts Armantrout, Reedley, 
Calif., Jan. 5. 

. Rio Linda congregation met in council Dec. 21, with Eld. Michael 
Blocher presiding. Officers were elected for the coming year, with 
Bro. J. M. Fisher, Sunday-school superintendent; Bro. A. M. Whipple, 
.clerk; Sister Fisher, correspondent. All other officers were reap- 
pointed. We have purchased a building wherein we can worship, 
and held our first service there Dec. 28. Bro. V. C. Finnell will be 
with us Jan. 9-11. Anyone seeking a location in a mild climate is 
invited to come here and help to build up a churchl— Mrs. J. M. Fish- 
er, Rio Linda, Calif., Dec. 31. 

Santa Ana church met in council Dec. 23, with Eld. S. G. Lehmer 
presiding. Officers elected were: Bro. S. G. Lehmer, elder; the 
writer, " Messenger " agent and correspondent; Bro. S. M. Miller, 
Sunday-school superintendent; Sister J. M. Wine, Christian Workers' 
president. Eld. E. S. Young was with us during the first week of 
December, giving us very helpful, spiritual Bible lessons, the theme 
being "The Passion Week." A fitting conclusion was our communion 
service, held Dec. 8. A basket dinner was enjoyed at the noon hour. 
Eld. Young preached the examination sermon in the morning and 
Eld. G. F. Chemberlen occupied the pulpit in the afternoon. The 
communion services were held in the evening, with Eld. Young, of- 
ficiating. One of our Sunday-school boys was baptized in the after- 
noon. Bro. Leo Blickenstaff and wife were with us Dec. IS. The 
latter was one of our number before completing her preparation for 
the foreign mission field. Dec. 22 the Christian Workers' Society 
lifted an offering for the poor.— Iva Ann Carl, Santa Ana, Calif., Dec. 


Colorado Springs church met Dec. 28 in an all-day meeting, with 
regular services in the morning. Bro. Burgin, of Denver, gave us 
a very helpful message. After a basket dinner wo held our quarterly 
council, with the pastor, Bro. H. F. Crist, presiding. One letter was 
received and all officers for the coming year were elected. In the 
evening we held our love feast, with Bro. Burgin officiating. The 
service was well attended and enjoyed by all, especially by our new 
converts. We are sorry to lose from among our number, by death, 
Bro. Sults.—Bertha Baker, Colorado Springs, Colo., Jan. 6. 

Frulta church met in council Jan. 2. In the absence of our elder, 
Bro. J. R. Frantz, our newly-elected pastor, Bro. Salem Beery, acted 
as moderator. All church, Sunday-school and Christian Workers' 
officers were elected: Bro. J. R. Frantz, elder; Sister Effic Gnagey, 
Christian Workers' president; Sister Davis Stouder, Sunday-school 
superintendent; the writer, correspondent. Wc also elected Brethren 
S. Z. Sharp and Beery as a committee to secure an evangelist, to 
conduct a revival for us as soon as convenient. Please address all 
letters to either of these brethren. This church enjoyed a very 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER^- January 17, 1920 


pleasant visit, recently, from Bro. W. O. Beekncr, of McPherson, 
Kana.; also Bro. Bowman, of California. A number of ua met at the 
church for the first time, for many of us, to watch the old year out. 
The time was spent in prayer and song, and all felt it lo be a profit- 
able service— J. A, Austin, Fririta, Colo., Jan. S. 


Bethel church met in council Nov. 28, with Eld. A. D, Crist prssid- ' 
ing. AH church officers lor the coming year were elected. Dec. 3 
the members met in a special prayer meeting, preparatory to our 
series of meetings which began Dec. 7 and closed with "a love feast 
Dec. 20. Bro. R. F. McCune and wife, of Ottawa, Kans., were with 
us. and Bro. McCune very ably addressed ua each evening. The 
members were strengthened and we feel that much good has been 
done— Corda E. Crist, Middlcburg, Fla., Jaw. 2, 

Miami.— Two meetings were held here by tourist members of the 
Brethren church from various States, sojourning in Miami. The 
pastors leading the meetings were, Bro. Oberholtzer, of Mycrsjown, 
Pa., and Bro. Edwin A. Snadcr, of Westminster, Md. There were 
about twenty-fiix in attendance. The States represented were Penn- 
sylvania, Maryland and Missouri. The spirit was splendid and there 
was a desire among those present to hold meetings every week that, 
eventually, there might be a Brethren church established in this 
city.— Nellie M. Baile, Miami, Fla., Jan. 2. 

Sebring.— On New Year's evening we held our members' meeting for 
the purpose of reorganizing our work. There was a good attendance 
and a splendid interest. The congregation- remains in charge of the 
two ciders jointly. Bro. A. M. Stout was continued as church secre- 
tary and elected Sunday-school superintendent. Nine deacons and 
two elders hold their membership here. Among the tourists there 
are six other ministers and several deacons. The total number of 
members is about 95. with indications that there will be fully 100 
before this gets into print. In the enrollment our Sunday-school 
exceeds the membership, and the classes arc in charge of five efficient 
teachers. We arc looking forward with much interest to our Bible 
Institute, beginning Jan. 26. Our feast is likely to occur at the close 
of the Institute work.— J. H. Moore, Sebring, Fla., Jan. S. 


Bowmont church met in council Dec. 26, with Eld. A. L. Boyd as 
moderator. Twelve letters we're granted and church officers elected 
for one year: Bro. A. L. Boyd, elder; Bro. A. E. Riddlebarger, super- 
intendent of Sunday-school for six months; Hazel Harrison, president 
of Christian Workers' Society. Bro. J. L. Thomas was appointed to 
secure an evangelist to hold a series of meetings sometime in 1920. — 
Nora E. Zimmerman, Bowmont, Idaho, Jan. S. 

Clearwater church met in council Dec. 27, with Eld. Andrew Dctrick 
presiding. Bro. Fred A. Flora was chosen elder; Bro. ~J- H. Layman, 
superintendent of the Sunday-school; Bro. L. Clannin, president of 
Christian Workers' Meeting. Other officers were also elected for 
church, Sunday-school and Christian Workers' Meeting.— Bertha Gar- 
rison, Lenorc, Idaho, Dec. 30. 


Allison Prairie church met Jan. 3, with Eld. N. Ii. Miller presid- 
ing. We elected our church officers: Bro. N. H. Miller, elder; Bro. 
T. B. Gearhart, clerk; Sister Dollis M. Elder, church correspondent; 
Bro. N. H. Miller, "Messenger" agent; Sister Edna Garber, Sun- 
day-school superintendent; Sister Maude Smith, president of Chris- 
tian Workers' Society.— Dollie M. Elder, Vincennes, Ind., Jan. S. 

Liberty church met in council Dec. 27, with Eld. I. D. Hcckman 
presiding. Church and Sunday-school officers were elected for the 
coming year: Bro. J. H. Harshbarger, trustee; Sister Anna Camp- 
hell, church correspondent; Bro. R. M. Johnson, superintendent of the 
Sunday-school. We were glad to have Bro. Fred Hollenberg and 
wife with us for a short time before they sailed for India. Dec. 27 
Sister Hollenberg gave an interesting talk on home and foreign mis- 
sion work to a large and attentive audience. We will soon be with- 
out a pastor, but are earnestly hoping one may be secured ere long 
to take up the work at this place.— Lillian Harshbarger, Liberty, 111., 
Jan. 5. 


Auburn church met for its regular business meeting Dec. 20. Breth- 
ren D. R. Yoder and Fimnk W. Kreider, members of the Mission 
Board of Northern Indiana, met with us, Bro. Kreider presiding. 
The regular election of officers resulted in the choosing of Bro. F. W. 
Krcidir as elder; Bro. M. A. Hansen, church clerk; Bro. Wm. Witt, 
Sunday-school superintendent; Sister Myrtie Witt, Christian Work- 
ers' president. Three were received by letters. On the following 
day one of our little Sunday-school girls, Esther Kennedy, was bap- 
tized. In the evening the children rendered a Christmas program, 
which was well attended and greatly enjoyed by all. Increased at- 
tendance has made it necessary to reorganize the Sunday-school and 
arrange for more classes. We are glad to welcome new families 
moving into our midst, and the steady growth in the work is en- 
couraging.— Clara M. Shull, North Manchester, Ind., Jar*. 1. 

Cedar Creek.— Our series of meetings, conducted by Bro. H. G. 
Shank, closed on Christmas Day with an all-day meeting, and a love 
feast iii the evening. The meetings were well attended, although 
the weather was very inclement at times. We had five accessions 
by baptism which, with the eleven previously baptized, gives us 
sixteen since the coming of our pastor. Bro. B. D. Kerlin, May 9. 
The church feels very much built up and encouraged. The inspiring 
sermons of Bro. Shank were of much benefit to our church.— Mrs. J. 
Esther Stonestreet, Garrett, Ind., Jan. 1. 

Elkhart Valley church met in council Dec. 27. Bro. Frank Kreider 
was chosen elder for 1920; Bro. Ben Yoder, "Messenger" agent; 
the writer, correspondent. We have just closed a scries of meetings, 
with Bro. Reuben Shroyer in charge. Three have been added to the 
church.— Madge Love, Goshen, Ind., Jan. 1. 

Ft. Wayne church convened in council Dec. 27, with a good repre- 
sentation of members present and the writer in charge. The different 
treasurers of church work reported a neat sum on hand after all 
expenses had. been paid. We reorganized, our Sunday-school, with 
Bro. Barrett and Sister Ahrier as superintendents. Two letters were 
granted. We expect to make further needed improvements on the 
church property, beginning in the early spring. Our Sunday-school 
gave a Christmas program, consisting of songs and recitations, 
At the close a treat of oranges and candy .was given to every one 
in the house, and all enjoyed the occasion very much.— J. Ahner, Ft. 
Wayne, Ind., Dec. 30. 

Four Mile.— Our three weeks' series of meetings, conducted by our 
pastor, Eld, A. P. Musselman, closed Oct. 26. The attendance and 
interest were very good throughout the meetings. Two united with 
the church and three others on confession. Our love feast was held 
Oct. 26. with Eld. A. P. Musselman presiding. We held our council, 
Preparatory to our communion, Oct. 25. The visiting brethren gave a 
good report. We presented Sister Musselman a purse for her services 
rendered during our meetings. Thanksgiving evening Bro. Mussel- 
man delivered a splendid sermon. The offering of $55.86 was sent to 
the Hastings Street Mission. Dec. 14 Bro. Musselman talked on 
" Preparing the World for Christ." Dec. 21 he gave the Christmas 
sermon, and on the following Sunday his subject was: "New Year's 
Resolutions." Dec. 19 Prof. Jones, of Earlham College, Richmond, 
Ind., gave a lecture on "Castles and Cathedrals of England." We 
are expecting Bro. Otho Winger, of North Manchester College, to give 
as °«r second lecture Jan. 23. Dec. 21 our Sunday-school gave 
a Christmas program to a crowded house, All our meetings are 
well attended and we closed the year with ninety-nine in Sunday- 
school.— Edna Brower, Kitchel, Ind., Jan. 1. 

Logansport church met in council Dec. 26, with Eld. Chas. R. Ober- 
hn in charge. Officers were elected for the new year: Cterk. Sister 
ucssic Ryan; Sunday-school superintendent, Bro. H. C. Murphy; 
President of Christian Workers' Society, Sister Kathryn Hirt; "Mes- 
senger "agent. Sister Hazel Murphy; correspondent, Sister Josephine 
Hanna. We moved into our new church Nov. 9. Since then the at- 
tendance and interest of both Sunday-school and church haVe greatly 
increased. Seven letters have been received recently, eleven have 
been baptized and one reclaimed. During the year eleven letters 
were received and eight granted; fourteen were received by baptism. 
We arc in need of a pastor. The pulpit is now being filled by our 

elder, Bro. Chas. R. Oberlin, and other ministers secured by the 
Mission Board. — Dora Hirt, Logansport, Ind., Jan. 6. 

Middletown.— Bro. Spitzcr is now in our midst and preached for 
us yesterday morning arTd evening. We have organized a social 
and prayer meeting for Wednesday evenings and a Bible Study for 
Sunday afternoons. Our Sunday-school is doing nicely. We trust 
now to see good results. Bro. Spitzer is a great help to us and we 
think that by our cooperation in the work some good will result. — 
Florida J. E. Green, Middletown, Ind., Jan. S. 

Misaissinnewa.— A few Sundays ago Bro. Samuel Young and fam- 
ily, and Bro. Carl Cruea and family came from their homes at North 
Manchester, a distance of sixty miles, arriving in time for Sunday- 
school. We were glad to have the former to preach for us and the 
latter to lead us in singing. This is their old home church and we 
greatly enjoyed having them with us. Bro. Ralph Rarick was with 
us recently, on Sunday, and preached for us again. Bro. R. H. Nicod- 
emus conducted a Bible Institute for one week, beginning Dec. 20. 
The interest was good, although the attendance was not as large as 
it should have been. We are greatly inspired and encouraged with 
our Bible Institute and hope to have Bro. Nicodemus to help with 
another one next winter. Our Sunday-school was reorganized last 
Sunday, with Brethren V. B, Browning and Ira Shoemaker as super- 
intendents. Our attendance at services is increasing. We had 119 
at Sunday-school Dec. 28. Bro. Wm. Tinkle, of Bethany Bible 
School, who was home over Christmas, preached for us last Sunday. 
—Alice E. Miller. Gaston, Ind., Dec. 31. 

New Paris church met in council Dec. 26, with Eld. Chas. Arnold 
presiding. Five letters were granted and one was received. Officers 
For Christian Workers' Meeting were elected, with Sister Martha 
Harshman, president. Dec. 14 Bro. Clarence Swihart, of Solomon's 
Creek, delivered a missionary sermon to an appreciative audience.— 
Clara Harshman, New Paris, Ind., Jan. S. 

Notice to the Aid Societies and Sun day- schools of Northern Indiana. 
—A number of the Aid Societies and Sunday-schools of Northern 
Indiana are contributing towards a large box of articles, to be sent 
to our Indfa missionaries for use in their work. Such articles as the 
following are asked for: Toys, lead-pencils, wash cloths, bath-towels, 
games, pictures, four-inch square quilt blocks, children's one-piece 
slips or kimonos, handkerchiefs, dolls, etc. Does your Aid or Sun- 
day-school wish to help us in this good work? If so, please send all 
packages to my address not later than Feb. 28, so I can send them all 
together March 1. Get the children interested and let us see what 
you can do for the India workers and the Master's cause.— Mrs. 
Maude C. Jones, Syracuse, Ind., Jan. 5. 

Pleasant Dale church met in council Dec. 13, with Eld. Frank Fisher 
presiding. Church and Sunday-school officers were elected, with Bro. 
O. V. Dilling, superintendent of Sunday-school; the writer, " Mes- 
senger " agent and correspondent; Bro. Fisher, elder for one year, 
with Eld. J. L. Kline, foreman. Two letters were granted to Brother 
and Sister Hoover. We very much regret having them leave, as they 
have been active workers in the deacon's office. We appointed a 
committee to secure a minister who will give a part of his time in 
the preaching service. Bro. Chas. A. Wright, of North Manchester, 
was with us in a Bible Institute, beginning on Christmas Day and 
continuing until Jan. 1. We had two sessions in the forenoon and two 
each evening, except the last day, when we had four. We took our 
dinner along and spent the New Year in Bible Study. Bro. Wright 
is an able teacher and makes his message so plain that a little child 
can understand. The remodeling of our church is progressing nicely, 
but it will not be ready for dedication until some time in the spring. 
—Emma Miller, Maglcy, Ind., Jan. 2. 

Rossville.— The White Gift service was given Dec. 24 and many 
homes were made glad by the liberal gifts from the twelve classes 
of the Sunday-school. This is a most impressive service and those 
who give receive a great blessing. — Lillian A. HufTord, Rossville, Ind,, 
Jan. 3. 

Turkey Creek church enjoyed an impressive service Jan. 4. The 
occasion was the inslallation of our Sunday-school and Christian 
Workers' Society officers. Bro. David Metzler, after having preached 
avury impressive sermon on the subject of "Christian Leadership," 
conducted the installation service. — Mrs. H. L. Hartsough, Nappance, 
Ind., Jan. 7. 

Union church met in council Dec. 13, with Eld. S. F. Henricks 
presiding. Several letters were granted and Sunday-school officers 
were elected, with Bro. S. H. Beilsr as superintendent. Bro. John 
Coulter is president of our Christian Workers' Society. At the 
September council Eld. S. F. Henricks presented his resignation, ask- 
ing to be relieved of all active ministerial work, on account of failing 
health. At this meeting he was released for one year, and Bro. Eli 
Roose was chosen elder. Jan. 2 we had a very interesting Christmas 
program. — Dora A, Henricks, Plymouth, Ind., Jan. 2. 

Union City (First Church).— Since our last report we have elected 
Sunday-school officers, with Bro. Arthur Dodge, superintendent. Six 
members have been received into the church by letter. Prayer 
meeting, oach Thursday night, is being held with much interest. 
Christian Workers' Meetings are growing in interest and attendance. 
Jan. 4 Bro. W. C. Detrick, of Bryan, Ohio, delivered three of his 
earnest and powerful sermons. An effort was made to obtain enough 
money to lift the church debt, and the amount raised was over 
$1,300. The Ladies' Aid Society, during the past two years, raised 
over $645, and the Busy Bee Class about $14, which was paid on the 
new church. The people here are awakening to new opportunities 
and are earnestly pushing the " Forward Movement."— Mrs. W, P. 
Noffsinger. Union City, Ind., Jan. 5. 

Upper Fall Creek church met in council Dec. 28. We appointed the 
time for our love feasts: Spring, May 29; fall. Oct. 9. Officers were 
elected as follows: Sister Lizzie Dellinger, clerk; Bro. John Swain, 
church trustee; the writer, "Messenger" agent and correspondent; 
Sunday-school superintendent, Bro. D. F. Miller. Bro. J. Edson 
Ulery, of Michigan, will hold a series of meetings beginning Jan. 11. 
—Rachel E. Dellinger, Middletown, Ind., Jan. 6. 

Wawaka church met in council Dec. 27, with Eld. Hess presiding. 
Two letters were received and two were granted. Officers were elect- 
ed for the church and Sunday-school for the coming year: Bro. Milo 
Geyer, elder; Bro. Harry Frick, Sunday-school superintendent; Sister 
Etta Elson, " Messenger " agent; the writer, correspondent. — Mrs. 
Hallic E. Miller, Wawaka, Ind., Jan. 2. 

West Eel River.— Jan. 4 ended a very interesting three weeks' re- 
vival, conducted by Bro. J. H. Norris. of North Manchester. Bro. 
Wm. Heisey led the song service. A great interest was manifested 
by all, and though only one was baptized, we feel assured that all 
were strengthened.— Ruth Metzger, Claypool, Ind., Jan. 5. 

West Manchester church met in council Dec. 6. Thrje letters were 
granted and three read. Church and Sunday-school officers were 
elected for the ensuing year: Bro. S. L. Cover, elder; S. L. Young, 
clerk; H. E. Weller, "Messenger" agent; Sister Edith Miller, Sun- 
day-school superintendent. Dec. 21 the Christian Workers' Society 
was reorganized, with Bro. Austin Eiler, president. A Christmas 
program was rendered Dec. 24, after which an offering of $25 was 
taken for Relief Work in the Far East.— Ralph L. Boyer, North 
Manchester, Ind., Dec. 31. 


Beaver church met in council Dec. 13, with Eld. Chas. Rowe as 
moderator. Bro. Oscar Diahl will be our pastor for the coming 
year. Officers were elected for the new year as follows: Bro. Ernest 
Grove, superintendent; S. A. Powers, president of Christian Work- 
crs' Meeting, We are looking forward to a lecture course, to begin 
about the middle of January. The fall love feast was well attended 
by our own, as well as a number of visiting members. ' Bro. Morris 
Eikenberry officiated. Bro. Sargeut gave us" several good talks 
concerning Bethany Bible School. Our Sisters' Mission Circle is do- 
ing very nicely, and as this is a new work for us here, we feel very.' 
hopeful for the new year. Bro. Ernest Grove and wife expect to at- 
tend the Institute at Mt. Morris.— Belle Ruth, Grand Junction, Iowa, 
Dec. 29. 

Coon River congregation has just enjoyed a two weeks' course of 
music with Sister Sadie Manges as instructor, at the Yale» house. 
Jan. 3 a special program was given at the Panora house by the chil- 
dren during the Christian Workers' hour, with a large crowd in 
attendance.— Faye Fiscel, Yale, Iowa, Jan. 6. 

Dry Creek.— Nov. 23 our Christian Workers gave a short Thanks- 
giving, program. The offering of $9 was sent to Douglas Park Mis- 
sion, Chicago, to help furnish a Thanksgiving dinner for the poor. 
Nov. 30 we held our business meeting to elect officers: Elder, Bro. S. 
I!. Millrr; clerk, Sister Lizzie Lcidigh; "Messenger" agent and 
church correspondent, Sister Nanny Baer; superintendents, Bro. H. 
N. Martin, main school; Sister Mary Martin, of the graded work; 
president of Christian Workers, Sister Effie Clinger. Superintendents 
for Home and Cradle Roll Departments wei£ also elected. Our Sun- 
day-school and Christian Workers held a joint Christmas program 
Dec. 21. The Christmas offering of $17,79 is to be given to Child 
Rescue work in Middle Iowa; the evening offering of $13.93 to Ar- 
menian Reconstruction work.— Mrs. Jennie B. Miller, Robins, Iowa, 
Jan. 5. 

Franklin County church met in council Jan. I, with Eld. W. I. 
Buckingham presiding. A full corps of officers was elected for the 
year, with W. I. Buckingham, elder in charge; Arthur Scarrow, 
Sunday-school superintendent; Sister W. I. Buckingham, primary 
superintendent. We decided to adopt the plan of the General Sunday 
School Board in selecting our teachers. Sister Marie Olsen, of 
Chicago, will conduct a singing class for us during the summer vaca- 
tion. An effort is being made to reorganize our teacher-training 
class.— Harvey W. Allen, Dumont, Iowa, Jan. 6. 

Garrison church met in council Dec. 19. Bro. H. A. Gnagy was 
again chosen elder in charge for two years. Bro. Bruce Borher 
was chosen Sunday-school superintendent. On Christmas Day we 
met at^the church for worship at eleven o'clock, and had a basket 
dinner, which was enjoyed by all. In the afternoon the Sunday-school 
rendered a program. We had a " giving " Christmas, and as a re- 
sult $153.17 was raised for mission work, and several baskets sent 
to the poor.— Minnie Gnagy, Dysart, Iowa, Jan. 5. 

Greene.— Dec. 23 the Sunday-school rendered a very good Christmas 
program, using the White Gift service— $205 being presented in pro- 
visions, clothing and money. The clothing and provisions were sent 
to the Douglas and Hastings Street Missions. Chicago, and the money 
was sent to feed and clothe the poor of that city. The pastor had 
pledge cards handed out to the members of the congregation, which 
resulted in eleven reconsecrations. Jan. 4 Promotion Day exercises 
were held by the Primary Department, after which Bro. Buntain 
gave a consecration message to the officers and teachers.— Elsie A. 
Pyle. Greene. Iowa, Jan. 5. 

Grundy County church enjoyed the joint Young People's Conference 
Nov. 1 and 2. Members from Franklin, Greene, Waterloo and South 
Waterloo were represented. The speakers were Bro. I. D. Leather- 
man and Bro. N'her. the first evening. They were followed by Bro. 
Randolph, of Mt. Morris, and Arthur and Sadie Miller, of Waterloo. 
Their addresses were strong appealsto the young people, whom they 
encouraged to become missionaries, A number volunteered to pre- 
pare for that work. Several weeks later our District representative 
to China, Sister Anna Blough, was with us. Her talks were much 
appreciated. Our Sisters' Aid Society has been much revived through 
calls to help the poor in Chicago. Sister Ethel Wolfe and Bro. Lynn 
Sheller were chosen representatives to the Mt. Morris Bible Term. 
Dec. 28 we held our business meeting. Six letters were granted and 
church officers were chosen. We expect Sister Sadie Manges to con- 
duct a singing class soon. In February Bro. Slabaugh, of Bethany, 
will assist in a Bible Institute. On Christmas night our young people 
gave a fine program and the next Sunday the children gave one. 
New Year's Eve an address was delivered by Rev. James. Then we 
had a social hour, followed by another program by the children and 
young people. — Hannah C. Messer, Grundy Center, Iowa, Jan. 1. 

North English church met in council Dec. 6. Officers for 1920 were 
elected: Bro. W. H. Long, elder; Bro. S, A. Miller, clerk; Bro. J. S. 
Miller, "Messenger" agent; Sister Alice Miller, correspondent. The 
Sunday-school officers were also chosen, with J. S. Miller, superin- 
tendent. The writer was chosen president of the Christian Workers' 
Meeting.— A. W. Miller. South English, Iowa, Jan. 2. 

Panther Creek.— Dec. 28 fourteen were baptized. We were disap- 
pointed in not having with us the Mt. Morris Quartette, the first 
number of our lecture course, to be held in our church. We arc 
expecting Capt. Wiard Jan. 28. In our last report we failed to say 
that on Thanksgiving evening Bro. H. L. Royer preached a sermon 
for us.— Mrs. L. D. Reploglo, Adel, Iowa, Jan. 5. 


Burr Oak church met in council Dec. 27, with Eld. Jacob Sloniker 
'presiding. Church and Sunday-school officers were chosen: Bro. Chas. 
Sloniker, clerk; the writer, "Messenger" agent and correspondent; 
Bro. Bert Burkholder, Sunday-school superintendent. The church be- 
ing without a pastor, the pulpit was filled the following Sunday morn- 
ing by Bro. Jacob Sloniker, of Lovewell, Kans., and in the evening 
by Bro. D. W. Kesler, of Quinter, Kans. Bro. G. W. Burgin, of 
Denver. Colo., who has since been secured as pastor, arrived Jan. 2, 
and gave us two good sermons the following Sunday. He will take 
tip the work at once.— Ilah E. Garber, Burr Oak, Kans., Jan. 6. 

East Wichita church met in council Jan. 2. with Eld. M. J. Mishler. 
of Newton, presiding. We elected officers for the coming year: Bro. 
A. C. Groves, superintendent of Sunday-school; Sister Grace Schul, 
superintendent of Primary Department; Sister Ida Johnson, president 
of Christian Workers' Band; Sister U. G. Reed, "Messenger" agent. 
—Clara Neber Vaniman, Wichita, Kans., Jan. 5. 

Fredonia church was made happy Dec. 21 because of having three 
ministers present. Bro. Walter Mason, of Arcadia, Nebr., preached 
both morning and evening. Bro. D. P. Neher, of McCune. Kans., led 
the song, services, and Benny Waas, home on vacation from Me- 
Pherson College, conducted the devotionals. Dec. 2& we had election 
of Sunday-school officers, choosing W. H. Sell, superintendent. Bro. 
Waas preached the morning sermon and Bro. Royer, of Newton, 
Kans., preached for us in the evening. We are expecting our elder, 
Bro. Reed, of Galesburg, Kans., to be with us in two weeks. We 
are very hopeful of having a resident minister soon. — Mrs. W. H. 
Sell, Fredonia, Kans., Jan. 2. 

Independence.— During the past year thirty-three have been added 
to our number by baptism, six have been restored and one received 
by letter. 'Five were dismissed by letter, and three were claimed by 
death. At this writing we have a membership of 113, and two await 
baptism. We again have prayer meetings at the church each Thurs- 
day evening, and a cottage prayer meeting each Tuesday evening. 
The Gospel Team holds a meeting each week. The sisters have or- 
ganized an Aid Society. There is also a Junior Christian Workers' 
Meeting each Sunday afternoon. We met in council Jan. 4, with 
Eld. W. H. Miller presiding. Bro. Miller was reelected elder in 
charge for the coming year; Bro. S. L. Harlow, trustee; the writer, 
clerk and "Messenger" correspondent; Bro. Chas. Cline, Sunday- 
school superintendent; Sister Clara Cline, president of the Christian 
Workers' Meeting. Time did not permit us to finish all the work. 
and we will hold a called council Feb. I.— Pella Carson, Independence, 
Kans., Jan. S. 

Kansas City (Armourdale Mission).— On Christmas Eve our school 
rendered a good program. Several numbers were especially well re- 
ceived. The house was filled to capacity. A small gift was presented 
to each pupil at the conclusion of "the exercises. A number of 
thoughtful classes and individuals made possible a happy Christmas 
for a number of very poor people, especially the sick, and for a num- 
ber of children whose father or mother are dead. It is refreshing 
to see the gratitude, shown by some of these little motherless ones 
for the gifts of love from those who were kind enough to remember 
them. One juvenile Sunday-school class sent us funds to provide 
Christmas baskets for the poor. By this means we were able to 
supply ten needy families with a good dinner on Christmas Day. 
Our school continues to grow in activities and interest. * We have 
set apart two Sundays of each month as missionary days for our 
school, and on a recent Sunday the regular class offering was $11. 
While all of our people are very poor, they appreciate the joy of 
giving. Today our attendance was 92; the offering, $6.42. Deeper in- 
terest in general church work is shown by a number of new sub- 
scriptions for the " Gospel Messenger." Our church council was held 
on the evening of Dec. 31, at which time all church and Sunday- 
school officers were elected for the year. We have decided to install 
a convenient baptistry in the church in the near future. It is much 
needed. If any desire to remember the needy in this city with 
(Continued on Page 44) 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGEKr-January 17, 1920 


Beautiful Thoughts 


I once heard a young girl say of a friend of mine, 
"She has such beautiful thoughts." 

We do not hear much about thoughts nowadays. 
Somehow we are too busy, some of us, even to think, 
we sometimes say. 

But we must think, and we do think, so, of course, 
we have thoughts of some kind, but they are not al- 
ways beautiful when we do express them. 

When do we think most? At our work or at our 
play? Does not each task we have to do bring with 
it a thought? 

I saw some lines the other day which will help us to 
watch for our thoughts, and then to cherish only the 
best ones. 

" But God has hidden in each man's task 
Some bright and noble thought, 
They are thoughts of love and joy and hope 
Which never can be bought. 

"Then look today for the beautiful thoughts 
Hid in your work away — 
They will cheer your heart and change your work 
From hard tasks into play." 
Harrisburg, Pa. 



Proverbs 11 : 14 says: " Where no counsel is, the 
people fall ; but in the multitude of counsellors there is 
safety." If I love the Brotherhood, I will never set 
my counsel above the counsel of Annual Conference. 
Such would not be safe, neither for me, as an individ- 
ual, nor for the church, as a body. Hence our District 
Conferences are a safeguard to local churches, and the 
Annual Conferences are a safeguard to the Brother- 
hood at large. Our committee on " Credentials of 
Delegates " is a safeguard to the Brotherhood, for they 
decide in harmony with the advice of Annual Confer- 
ence. We quote the following editorial from a former 
issue of the Gospel Messenger: 

The Councils of God's People 

In a personal letter to this office a correspondent makes 
use of this sensible remark: "If we can not trust the 
councils of God's people, by no means can we trust the 
counsel of an individual." We have those, all over the 
country, who think and say that it is not safe to trust 
man, and, at the same time, they want us to trust them, 
just as though they considered themselves better than 
common mortals. Every now and then a writer under- 
takes to prove that it is not safe to trust the councils of 
God's people, for the reason that these councils are made 
up of human beings, and to err is human. We all know, 
of course, that our councils, whether large or small, are 
made up of human beings, prone to err, but the strange 
part of it is, that the men who do such writing, can not 
understand that they, too, are human, and might also 
sometimes be mistaken. 

But how tnffe the expression, "If we can not trust the 
councils of God's people, by no means can we trust the 
counsels of an individual." Solomon says that in the 
"multitude of counsel there is safety." Properly applied 
this is correct. And while councils, made up of godly 
men and women, may, sometimes, do the wrong thing, 
still it is much safer to trust such councils than to trust 
the individual. Occasionally the individual may be right. 
m case of a disagreement, and the council wrong, but such 
occurrences are rare. Besides, the man who is wise 
enough to know more than a multitude of counselors is 
too discreet to boast of his superior knowledge. Though 
others may be against him, he is willing to adjust himself 
to their ideas until they become better enlightened. This 
kind of a man does not go around over the country, ad- 
vertising the weakness of the church of which he is a 
member. He may have his views, and he has a right to 
them, but he knows that in the councils of the church, 
when the subject is up for consideration, is the proper 
time for him to urge his views. 

We have too many people who try to make it appear 
that they are wisar than the church, and this, too, in the 
very face of the fact that they do not have influence 
enough to win confidence. When reminded of this fact 
they refer us to Galileo. Copernicus, Luther and others' 
who defied councils and proved to the world that the 
counc.Is were wrong, while they themselves were right, 
e comparison is never a fair one, for the reason that 

lermore, in 

these days, when there is no danger of persecution, any 
man, who has the ability to make a Luther or a Galileo 
of himself will find just about enough opposition to make 
it interesting, but not enough to give occasion for com- 

If the above editorial was necessary years ago, is it 
not safe to have it reprinted now? At least the writer 
thinks so. " Safety " is the motto of the civil govern- 
ment, why should it not be the motto of the Church 
of the Brethren? Individualism will breed Congrega- 
tionalism, and Congregationalism will breed danger. 
We admire the advice of Annual Conference, for it 
means " safety " to the Church of the Brethren. 
Hartville, Ohio. 

The Man in a Hurry 


Some one has likened our strike-mad workmen to 
the man who is in a hurry. The American way of 
settling all differences is to arbitrate, to lay the sub- 
ject open for discussion and to strive to meet the other 
party's point of view. People can never come to an 
understanding until they gain an urtprejudiced view of 
others' difficulties and make an honest, unselfish ef- 
fort to meet those difficulties. The man in a hurry 
is a menace to society, because he would use force 
instead of reason. He would set his personal griev- 
ances, and the grievances of his class, against the in- 
convenience and the suffering of great masses of 

On the other hand, it is possible that we need some- 
thing to jar us into a realization of the debt we owe 
to those who do the essential things of life. So long 
have we been accustomed to " pushing the button," 
that we give never a thought to the men and women 
whose labor makes it possible for us to enjoy the light 
which floods our comfortable rooms. Luxuries have 
so far become necessities that we are stunned and 
baffled when we find it impossible to give our orders 
and have them filled. We need a new feeling of ap- 
preciation for those who do the real work of the world, 
and, perhaps, when we gain this feeling, one great 
cause of the existence of the spirit of anarchy will be 

Our intense individualism has set men apart from 
common aims. In this country we have dwelt too 
much upon the subject of rights and privileges, and too 
little upon our duties and responsibilities. The strike 
is un-American. It is entirely out of harmony with 
American ideals and the principle of representative 
government. Therefore it can not endure. The man 
in a hurry is not a true American citizen and he- must, 
sooner or later, come to a realization of the fact. 
Emporia, Kans. 


the conditions are not at all similar. Furth. 



One of the strangest questions that any man ever 
asked of God is recorded in the nineteenth chapter of 
Matthew. The effrontery displayed is almost unbeliev- 
able, and yet, in the great generosity of his heart, the 
Master passed that over, and proceeded to answer the 
question in his own wise way. 

The questioner was a self-satisfied, yet dissatisfied, 
young man of the ruling class, with a nature not wholly 
spoiled by wealth and luxury, and possessed of such 
qualities that the Master loved him at sight. But all 
his wealth and power and influence left a discontent in 
his heart, because none of those things could procure 
for him an assurance of eternal life. He felt pretty 
well satisfied with himself, but hungry for something 
which was beyond himself. And so he addressed this 
new and popular Rabbi with the question : " Good 
Master, what good thing shall I do, that I may have 
eternal life? " 

Unconsciously he was admitting one of his troubles 
in his very question. He was, though he knew it not, 
the bond servant of sin, and the service was barren and 
hard. He wanted a good Master. 

"Jesus answered him: If thou wilt enter into life, keep 
the commandments." 
"He saith unto him, Which?" 

How modern and down-to-date that answer was! 
How similar was his attitude to that of many in the 

world today ! And yet how strange that we can possi- 
bly think that the great, wise, eternal Father would give 
commandments with the design that we should choose 
which to obey and which to reject! 

All the commandments of God are for the glory of 

AH are for man's eternal welfare. 

All are designed to purify his character, and give 
him strength and make him a helper of others. 

Every commandment of God is a blessing. 

God's blessings are not to be picked over, like gar- 
ments on the sale counter at a department store. 

There is no " which " to God's Word. His word is 


" Go ye, therefore, and teach all nations, baptizing them 
in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy 
Ghost, teaching them to observe all things WHATSO- 
EVER I have commanded you." 

What an unspeakable, immeasurable, everlasting 
blessing the young ruler would have won for himself 
if he had accepted all the commandments, even the one 
which Jesus gave him at last, as suited to his own 
special need ! 

What a bestowal of all the rich bounty of heaven, 
in Divine blessing, both material and spiritual, and best 
of all, eternal life, shall be yours, if, when God speaks, 
through his Son or his inspired servants, your answer 
is not " which ? " but " whatsoever " ! 

Pottsto-wn, Pa. 

Rightly Dividing the Word of Truth 


Dear old Paul — our Lord's chosen ambassador to 
the Gentiles — knew that his time and opportunity for 
service were almost gone. He says : " I am now ready 
to be offered, and the time of my departure is at hand." 
He also knew that the work which the Lord had en- 
trusted to him, was far from being done. He did not 
cease to care, but, faithful to the very last, he or- 
dained another — Timothy — a godly man, to be his 
successor in the work, knowing that after his depar- 
ture, many false teachers, doctrines and theories would 
trouble the church (Acts 20: 29; 2 Tim. 4: 3-4) and 
being deeply concerned for her welfare, he warns and 
instructs his successor to study the situation, being 
careful as to the kind of men he should ordain to have 
the care of the various churches, and to preach the 
Gospel to the unsaved (2 Tim. 2:2), and not to be in 
haste to ordain any man (1 Tim. 5 : 22) ; but, he says ; 
" Study to show thyself approved unto God, a work- 
man that needeth not to be ashamed, rightly dividing 
the Word of truth" (2 Tim. 2: 15). 

Although very important, we think he does not here 
refer to the study of the Scriptures (which he had 
known from childhood), but rather that he should 
study conditions, and the character of his coworkers, 
so as to be able wisely to direct the work of the min- 
istry, dividing or distributing the workers in such 
manner as to accomplish the most good. 

The greater part of the world is in darkness. It 
must be enlightened. Little flocks have been gathered 
into the fold. They must be fed. The churches must 
be provided with elders, deacons, overseers. Jesus 
commanded his ministers to "go into all the world, 
and preach the gospel to every creature." In order 
to do this, it is necessary to distribute the preached 
Word wisely. We are his stewards. To us he has 
entrusted this all-important business. If we are care- 
less or selfish, keeping most of our best preachers at 
home among the saved, to entertain ourselves and our 
children, while millions of souls are perishing in 
heathen darkness, should we not be ashamed to meet 
our Lord when he comes to reckon with his stewards ? 
Should we monopolize all the light, allowing others, 
for whom Christ died, to perish without the Gospel? 
Should we give a dollar each week to support our 
home church, and only ten cents to carry the good 
news of salvation to the heathen world? Is that 
rightly dividing the Word? 

Pardon me for using an illustration. Suppose we 
are parents of a family of six children. Being sud- 
denly called away from home, we leave a pan of twelve 
biscuits for the children's breakfast, instructing the 
two older ones to see that the little ones are fed. What 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER^ January 17, 1920 


would wc think if the two older ones would each con- 
sume five and a half biscuits, leaving only one to be 
divided among the four little helpless brothers and 
sisters? Would we call that a right kind of division? 
If we serve ourselves in that manner, will our Lord 
call it right? 

Dividing the Word of Truth does not necessarily 
mean separating the Written Word into chapters, nor 
does it imply so arranging it as to make it substantiate 
men's theories concerning its teaching. The Written 
Word, as we now have it, including the New Testa- 
ment, was not compiled when Paul wrote his instruc- 
tion to Timothy. Christ is the Word of Truth. It is 
necessary that all partake of this Word — the Bread 
of Life, in order to be saved (John 6 : 50-54). Where- 
fore, when he gave the cup, representing his blood, he 
said: "Take this and divide it among yourselves" 
(Luke 22: 17). Was it very important as to how the 
wine be divided? No, the one important 'thing was 
that all should partake. Hence he says : " Drink ye 
all, of it," or, " Let every one partake of it." It is 
not so important to divide and subdivide the Written 
Word, but it is very important that every soul have an 
opportunity to partake of the Living Word — the Bread 
of Life, which can be done only by rightly distributing 
unto them the means of salvation — the knowledge of 
the truth — through the preached Word. The message 
comes down to us, who also are his stewards. 

Are we rightly, honestly distributing the message 
of salvation to a world of perishing souls? Are we 
sharing honestly, equally the heavenly riches with 
God's other dear ones, for whom also Christ died? 
Can we be so selfish as to enjoy salvation and not wish 
to impart the same to others, who are equally dear to 
our Savior? Do we have a receptaclcat the door of 
our churchhouse for free-will offerings (as every 
church ought to have) with two compartments, one 
marked " Home " the other " Foreign "? And do we 
drop a quarter into the place for foreign missions 
every time we drop a quarter into the home side? 
Would not that be an honest division? Or if we use 
the duplex envelopes, do we place an equal amount 
in each side? Do we pay a pastor a thousand dollars 
per year or more, to instruct and entertain a hundred 
Christians at home, and send $25 to our Mission 
Board for poor heathen China or India? Oh, selfish 
Christians ! Can we look our Savior in the face when 
he comes? 

" Not everyone that saith unto me, Lord, Lord " 
(Matt. 7:21). 

Pomona, Calif. 

The Christian's Legitimate Recreations 


We read in the Scriptures that as Jesus stood by 
the tomb of Lazarus, he wept. He was " a man of 
sorrow and acquainted with grief." We also read of 
him mingling with the people on joyous occasions. 
He attended a wedding feast at Cana and made glad 
the heart of the bridegroom by furnishing wine when 
the supply on hand ran out He was the Guest of 
honor at a feast given by Matthew, a converted pub- 
lican. His participation in festive occasions of his 
day was quite frequent, and his standing invitation to 
the world today is that every one come and partake 
of the Gospel feast. 

Jesus was truly a social Being and he always threw 
his influence on the side of right. He seized every 
opportunity to teach the people around him great fun- 
damental truths that are necessary to right living. 
He never hesitated to sound a note of warning against 
wrong and sin. He left his footsteps imprinted on the 
way of life, so they are as fresh today as they were 
almost two thousand years ago. 

Christians should strive, in choosing their recrea- 
tions, not to bring reproach on the precious name they 
bear. They should never step aside into strange foot- 
prints. Our social pleasures should be such as will 
make us stronger morally and spiritually. Our amuse- 
ments should be such as will make us stronger phys- 
ically and mentally. The Christian's choice is not be- 
tween recreation or no recreation, but between that 
which is good and that which is bad. Any form of 

recreation or pleasure, that tends to weaken any of 
our God-given powers — physical, intellectual, moral 
or spiritual — is wrong and should be conscientiously 

The Christian, in his choice of recreations, should 
have regard for others, for all have an influence which 
will work for either good or evil to our neighbors. 
Some forms of pleasure and amusement may appear 
innocent, if pVoperly indulged in. However, for cer- 
tain persons who may be looking to us for examples 
of right, our indulgence in innocent ( ?) pleasures and 
amusement may entice these people to unwise and 
excessive indulgence, and accomplish their moral un- 
doing. People who are blessed with strong wills and 
right training should not forget that many things, 
that may perhaps do them no harm, are fascinating 
and morally dangerous for those with weaker wills 
and less moral stamina. 

"Am I my brother's keeper?" questioned the mur- 
derer, Cain. " Thy brother's blood crieth unto me 
from the ground," was God's answer. 

We today are our brother's keeper. Paul says: "If 
meat make my brother to offend, I will eat no flesh 
as long as the world standeth, lest I make my brother 
to offend." Some things are plainly right, some are 
plainly wrong, some are questionable. The right thing 
for the Christian to do is to abstain from all forms of 
questionable pleasures and amusements, and thus 
" avoid the very appearance of evil." Thus we can 
witness clearly for Christ and strengthen our brother. 

Ashland, Ohio. 

His Beautiful Hands 


"Behold my hands" (Luke 24: 39) 

What are these hands? What do they signify? 
Behold his hands, for they are hands of love. When 
Jesus came into Peter's house, Peter's wife's mother 
lay sick with a fever. And what did he do? He put 
out his hand and touched her, and she arose and 
ministered to them all. In this case, and in a hundred 
others, what men recognized in his touch was love. 
And always, where the Gospel is at work, love is man- 
ifested in the same way. 

Again, behold his hands, for they are the hands of 
power. When Jesus went back the second time to 
Nazareth, do you remember what the villagers said 
about him? They exclaimed: "What wisdom is this 
that is given him that even such mighty works are 
wrought by his hands." Then turn to the Gospel of 
John, chapter 10, where our Savior himself is speaking 
of his sheep : " I give unto them eternal life, and they 
shall never perish, neither shall any man pluck them 
out of my hands." There never were such hands on 
earth like those of Jesus, so mighty in action and in 

Behold his hands, for they are hands of tenderness. 
Can you tell me why the Gospel is so precious when 
the chair is empty and the grave is full? It is not only 
because the hand of Jesus is powerful to comfort; it 
is because, when every other touch would pain, the 
touch of Jesus is exquisitely tender. - Why are Chris- 
tian homes so full of love, so different from the un- 
christian homes? There is only one answer: It is 
because of his hands. It is the touch of Christ which 
has achieved it. 

Behold his hands, for they were hands once dis- 
figured. The hands that were pierced have been the 
mightiest power in human history. Not the hands laid 
upon the blind man's eyes, nor the hands laid upon 
the children's head, have been so mighty in the world's 
redemption as the hands that were marred and wound- 
ed upon the cross. 

Lastly, behold his hands, for they are the hands 
of reassurance. When we are tempted to doubt 
whether he lives and reigns within us, let us, like 
Thomas, behold his hands. In a thousand deeds and 
in a thousand lives there is the unmistakable touch of 
the Redeemer. Does not that reassure us and kindle 
our faith again? It is the risen Savior saying: "Be- 
hold my hands." They were pure hands.- Jesus was 
absolutely sinless. Of all the accusations brought 
against him, not one impeached the spotless purity of 
his character and life. And all his claim was strange- 

ly conceded. In Christ alone the claim and testimony 
are united. 

Minot, N. Dak. 

The true greatness and the. true happiness of a 
country consist in wisdom; in that enlarged and com- 
prehensive, wisdom which includes education, knowl- 
edge, religion, virtue, freedom, with every influence 
which advances and every institution which supports 
them. — Henry Giles. 


SneeesUons j OT the Weekly Devotional Meet Ins Or 
Prayerful, Private Meditation. 

Lessons from a Selfish Life 

Luke 12: 16-21 
For Week Beginning January 25, 1920 

1. A Plentiful Portion.— The ground of this rich farm- 
er brought forth plentifully (verse 16). Unprecedented 
success is his. Sun and shower have favored him. The 
horn of plenty has been poured into his lap. With this 
copious harvest comes also a wonderful opportunity of 
doing good, by making the hearts of the poor sing for 
joy. So God, in the gift of his own dear Son, has given 
us, as his children, A VERY PLENTIFUL PORTION. 
They are infinitely rich who possess him. And great, also, 
is their responsibility. 

2. A Perplexing Thought.—" What shall I do " (verse 
17)? Give thanks unto the Giver of every good gift, of 
course. But no, not a word about God. It is " MY fruit. 
MY goods." How the abundance of the things of this 
life increases the perplexity of the possessor! More grain, 
more care! The more money, the less joy, IF GOD IS 
FORGOTTEN. The young ruler went away sorrowfully, 
for he was very rich. How different with spiritual bless- 
ings! "The blessing of the Lord maketh rich and addeth 
no sorrow" (Prov. 10: 22). Here are RICHES THAT 
SATISFY, and cure all perplexity. Here are riches that 
endure — treasures laid up in heaven. God's gifts to us are 
worthy of a new and bigger heart. 

3. A Wrong Conclusion. — " I will pull down my barns 
and build greater." Right there the avaricious nature of 
the man becomes clearly apparent. His old barns would 
have sufficed, had he made distribution of his surplus to 
God's poor. His motive, however, was WHOLLY FOR 

4. His Selfish Determination.—" I will say to my soul. 
Take thine ease, eat, drink and be merry" (verse 19). 
God gives bountifully, but how are his blessings to be 
used? This rich farmer concludes that all is for ease and 
gratification of self: " My soul, eat, drink," etc. SELF 
only is in his reckoning, and here is his folly. Surely, it 
is decidedly foolish to be selfish, and to seek abiding hap- 
piness where it can never be found — in material things. 
While souls are perishing, the child of God can not af- 
ford to be at ease. 

5. A Solemn Message. — "This night thy soul shall he 
required of thee" (verse 20). This is AN AWAKENING 
WORD to those who are seeking their happiness m such 
things only as do not satisfy. Death to the rich worldling 
means bitter disappointment, because he has no treasures 
in heaven. In all his plannings there is no "if the Lord 

6. A Remorseful Question. — " Then whose shall those 
things be" (verse 20)? Here is a keen thrust at the heart, 
by the Sword of the Spirit. The rich farmer's expectation 
of "many years" is suddenly cut off. and the foolishness 
of his conduct is clearly seen. If only men were TRULY 
WISE— especially those whom God has richly blessed — to 
consider their responsibility and also to keep in mind 
their latter end. But there is still another thought here 
for the selfish Christian: "Whose shall these privileges 
be?" Each blessing is a privilege, and also a responsi- 
bility. We must be faithful stewards of God's bounty. 

7. A Pointed Application. — "So is he that layeth up 
treasures for HIMSELF and is not rich toward GOD." 
Self-centered — whether a worldling or a Christian — any 
one acts the fool, if he lays up for himself instead of for 
God. Men lay up for themselves. by GATHERING, and 
for God by GIVING. Self cries: "Grasp, grasp," like the 
greedy sea. Grace says: "Give, give." like the generous 
sun. The world can not see the true Christian's riches — 
they are in God's bank — but rest assured, your heart is 
just where your treasure is. 

8. Suggestive References. — "Am 1 my brother's keep- 
er" (Gen. 4: 9)? A promise to the generous giver (Prov. 
28: 27). How to have treasure in heaven (Matt. 19: 21, 
22). Please others rather than self (Rom. 15: 1-3). Pre- 
fer others to yourself (Rom. 12: 10). Seek another's good 
(1 Cor. 10: 24). "Bear ye one another's burdens" (Gal. 6: 
2). Get rid of selfishness (Philpp. 2: 4). Our duty to the 
destitute (James 2: 15, 16). Our needy brother (1 John 
3: 17). 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 17, 1920 


Sunday-school Lesson, The Boldness of Peter and John. 
—Acts 4: 1-31. 

Christian Workers' Meeting, The Power to Move For- 
ward. — Acts 1: S. 

One confessed Christ in the Glendora church, Calif. 
One was restored to fellowship in the Reading church, 

Two were baptized recently in the Plum Creek church, 

One was baptized recently in the Santa Ana church, 

Fourteen were baptized in the Panther Creek church, 

One was baptized recently in the Strait Creek church, 

One was baptized recently in the Reading church 

One was baptized recently in the Bethany church, Phil- 
adelphia, Pa. 

Four were baptized at the regular services in the Hutch- 
inson church, Kans. 

Eleven have been baptized and one reclaimed since Nov. 
9 in the Logansport church, hid. 

Two were baptized in the Berrien church, Mich., — Bro. 
Price Umphlet, pastor in charge. 

Five were baptized in the Cedar Creek church, Ind., — 
Bro. H. G. Shank, of Chicago, evangelist. 

Four were baptized in the Eversole church, Ohio, — Bro. 
J. O- Garst, of Day ten, same State, evangelist. 

Seven were baptized and one reclaimed in the Guthrie 
church, Okla., — Bro. Ray Wagoner, pastor, in charge. 

One was baptized in the West Eel River church, Ind., — 
Bro. J. H. Norris, of North Manchester, same State, evan- 

Three were baptized in the Elkhart Valley church, Ind., 
—Bro. Reuben Shroyer, of North Canton, Ohio, evan- 

Two united with the church and three others on con- 
fession, in the Four Mile church, Ind.,— Bro. A. P. Mussel- 
man, pastor, in charge. 

Two applied for baptism in the Marshcreek house, 
Marshcreek congregation, Pa.,— Bro. H. H. Nye, of Eliz- 
abethtown College, evangelist. 

One was baptized in the Irricana church, Alta., Can., — 
Bro. David Hollinger, of Red Cliff, Alta., evangelist; two 
have been baptized since the meetings. 

Eight confessed Christ, five of whom were baptized in 
the Midway house, Midway congregation, Pa.,— Bro. R. 
W. Schlosser, of Elizabethtown, same State, evangelist. 


Bro. E. O. Norris, of Ingalls, Ind., to begin Jan. 17 in 
the Yellow River church, same State. 

Bro. Rufus P. Bucher, of Quarryville, Pa., to begin Jan. 
25 in the Reading church, same State. 

Bro. S. P. Early, of Windber, Pa., is holding a revival 
in the Morrellville church, same State. 

Bro. N. E. Baker, of Des Moines, Iowa, is in the midst 
of inspiring meetings at Hermosa, Calif. 

Bro. R. H. Nicodemus, of Chicago, is engaged in a series 
of meetings in the Nappanee church, Ind. 

Bro. J. Edson Ulery, of Onekama, Mich., is holding 
meetings in the Upper Fall Creek church, Ind. 

Bro. Ralph G. Rarick and wife, of Covington, Ohio are 
in a revival effort in the Fruitdale church, Ala. 


Southeastern Kansas is to be represented on the 1920 
Standing Committee by Eld. J. A. Campbell. 

Bro. R. A. Montz changes his address from Fredericks- 
burg to Brooklyn, Iowa, having taken pastoral charge of 
the Brooklyn church. 

Bro. J. Howard EidemUler, of New Carlisle, Ohio, who 
has been attending the Bethany Bible Institute, made his 
first visit to the Publishing House last week. He also 
utilized the opportunity to add a number of the Gish Fund 
books to his collection. 

Bro D. A. Norcross, of La Verne, Calif., who recently 
passed his seventy-serenth milestone, and has been sub- 
jected to infirmities such as are incident to years so ad- 
vanced, wrote for the local paper a letter of appreciation 
Among the th.ngs in which he was rejoicing was the com- 
fortmg service rendered him by two groups of little girls 
who vis.ted h im , sang sacred songs, read the thirteenth 
chapter of F ir st Corinthians and closed the visit with a 
shower of birthday cards. He also referred to the similar 
weekly rendered by the College Mission Band 

There arc many ways of bringing cheer into human 
hearts, open to seeing eyes and loving hands. 

Bro. J. O. Barnhart and wife, of Oakley, 111., have de- 
cided to devote their entire time to the work of the Lord, 
and congregations in need of either pastoral or evan- 
gelistic service are invited to communicate with Bro. 
Barnhart at the above address as soon as possible. 

Bro. Levi Minnich and wife, of Greenville, Ohio, are 
spending several days at Elgin this week. Bro. Minnich is 
the father of H. Spenser Minnich, assistant to the Secre- 
tary of the General Mission Board. It will also be re- 
membered that he served for a number of years on our 
General Sunday School Board. 

Forward Movement Prayer 

A Prayer for Vision 

OLORD, who art of infinite purposes and 
far-seeing plans, enable us, we pray thee, 
to open our eyes to the greatness of our re- 
sponsibilities and of the needs of thy cause. Wo 
have heard, but have not understood. We have 
seen, but have failed to perceive. 

Grant, therefore, that the eyes of our souls 
may so be opened that our understandings may 
be enlightened. May we perceive, not the dust 
of this material existence, nor the deceits of this 
wicked world; but may we, with prophet's vision. 
behold thee on thy throne, high and lifted up, a 
God of purity, majesty and glory. 

Grant us a vision of the far-reaching scope of 
thy redemptive scheme, and of the place thou 
hast elected us to fill in its unfolding. We pray 
that living coals from off thine altar may be 
pressed to our lips, that they may be purified for 
the preaching of thy Word. And so, our vision 
having been directed upward and onward, give 
us grace gladly to follow thee withersoever thou 
leadest us in Christian service, to thine own 
great glory and the joy of thine only Son, our 
Lord and Master, Christ. Amen. — The World's 

Following the World Survey Conference at Atlantic 
City, Bro. J. H. B. Williams is assisting in the Bridge- 
water Bible Institute this week. Bro. M. R. Zigler, our 
Home Mission Secretary, who also attended the above- 
named Conference, expected to take in the Home Mis- 
sions Council in New York City, before returning to 

Bro. A. P. Blough, of Waterloo, Iowa, member of the 
General Mission Board, having occasion to visit Elgin 
last week in connection with the business interests of the 
Board, favored the " Messenger " rooms with a brief call. 
Bro. Blough came over from Mount Morris, where he 
had given lectures in the Bible Institute on " The Brob- 
lems of the Country Church." 

Bro. D. L. Miller has found it necessary to cancel most 
of his preaching engagements in California this winter 
on account of the illness of both himself and his wife. 
Sister Miller was confined to her bed for about four 
weeks, but was able to be up a part of the time at last 
reports. Bro. Miller himself was obliged to keep his bed 
for some ten days. Though feeling much better recently, 
he is still in need of rest and recuperation. He writes 
that this has been an unusual experience for them in Cal- 
ifornia, but thanks the Lord that they are as well as they 
are. "Messenger" readers will unite in the fervent wish 
that they may both soon recover their usual health, and 
that they may thus be able to enjoy the latter part of their 
winter's sojourn better than the first. 

The Bible Institute of McPherson College, Kansas is 
announced for Jan. 26 to Feb. 1. See program on page 44. 
Ministers and churches of Canada will please note Bro. 
E. C. Cawley's announcement on page 44. It is wholly 
proper to comply with all reasonable requests of the Gov- 

Blue Ridge College is to hold its Bible, Sunday-school 
and Missionary Institute Feb. 1 to 8. On page 44 will be 
found a very complete announcement, together with other 

Aid Societies and Sunday-schools of Northern Indiana 
will please note the announcement of Mrs. Maude C 
Jones, of Syracuse, Ind., among the Notes, concerning 
contributions for a large box of articles being sent to 
India. , . 


Bro. John A. Miller, Glendora, Calif., desires to' state 

that inadvertently a slight error was made in the obituary of his sister, Susan Silvuse. The date of her birth 

should be 1841, instead of 1830, as the correspondent gave 

There will, still be plenty of long winter evenings when 
an abundance of good books will prove of the greatest 
benefit to all the family. Send at once for our latest 
Book Catalogue, if you do not already have it, and make 
your selections. It will be money well spent. 

An exceptionally large influx of Notes in the present 
issue crowds out several of the more lengthy reports from 
the churches, but all these will appear in our next issue. 

The members of the Rio Linda church, Calif., have pur- 
chased a building which they propose to remodel as a 
house of worship. The first meeting in the newly-acquired 
house was held Dec. 28. 

The Bear Creek church, Md., desires to get in touch 
with an elder — one that will move there, give his time to 
the ministry, and help along with the good work. Pros- 
pective applicants will please communicate with Miss Ber- 
tha E. Spoerlin, Accident, Md. 

Some weeks ago we referred to -the reasons why the 
price of the " Messenger " is placed at the present rate. 
In this connection it will be of interest to read (he com- 
ment of one of our esteemed readers — a brother who 
writes with a full knowledge of the facts in the case: " I 
see by the ' Messenger ' that one of our members is not 
satisfied with the present price of the paper, and urges 
that it be reduced to $1.50 per year. Well, I have worked 
in the newspaper business long enough to wonder how 
you can even make out to furnish the paper at $2 per year. 
I presume, however, that our good brother does, not have 
full knowledge of the newspaper business, so he is to be 

An interesting fact, with reference to the church affilia- 
tions of the tenant population of rural communities, has 
been disclosed by the Interchurch Movement surveys. In 
a certain farming region it was discovered that over sev- 
enty-five per cent of the families visited were church 
members, but that only five per cent had transferred their 
membership to a church in the community. Many of the 
tenants were of the one-year variety, who thought it not 
worth while to affiliate with a church for such a brief 
stay. It is easy to see the bearing of this on the religious 
life of the families concerned, as well as on the strength 
of the church influence in the community. Farm' tenantry 
is closely related to the problem of the country church. 
Here is some " food for thought." 

Our Business Department has just received a report, 
concerning the work of one of our agents in Indiana, in- 
forming us that he has been successful in getting the 
"Gospel Messenger" into every home in his congrega- 
tion. This group of members is not satisfied with even 
such a record, but feels that it "could do some missionary 
work by sending the "Messenger" into the homes of 
those who are not members. In accordance with this 
plan these members have requested us to send a special 
proposition. We certainly want to encourage such efforts, 
and we make this special proposition to congregations 
that desire to get the "Messenger" into homes of non- 
members, in order to do missionary work. The " Gospel 
Messenger " has proved itself to he one of the best mis- 
sionaries we have. We would be glad to have a report from 
other agents, elders, or pastors, concerning the success 
they are having. If you are interested in placing the 
"Messenger" into a number of non-Christian homes in 
your community, write us for our special proposition. Ad- 
dress the "Gospel Messenger" Business Department. 

No. 1. — How to Address the Envelope 

Suppose you have an important announcement you want 
published in the "Messenger." You want it published 
right away, of course. Let us point out one simple little 
thing which often contributes to delay. You address the 
envelope to the Brethren Publishing House instead of the 
Editorial Department of the " Gospel Messenger." 

You don't see why that should matter? It doesn't, if 
there is plenty of time. But .if there isn't, it may cause a 
few hours' delay, so that your announcement does not 
reach the editorial desk until after the issue, in which you 
wanted it to appear, has gone to press. 

Letters addressed simply to the Publishing House are 
opened in the business office. If it turns out to be some- 
thing for publication in the " Messenger," it will get to 
our desk by and by. But if it happens to be the last one 
of a pile of five hundred letters, it will take it much longer 
to reach the " Messenger " rooms than if it had been ad- 
dressed to the " Messenger " directly. 

But note carefully: For prompt service it is equally im- 
portant that business communications should not be ad- 
dressed to the editorial department of the " Messenger." 
Such letters are best directed simply to the Brethren Pub- 
lishing House. If it is something to print in the " Mes- 
senger," address it to the " Gospel Messenger," Editorial 
Department, and it will reach its destination by the short- 
est route. 

If you have matter for publication and business matter 
to send at the same time, you can save postage by enclos- 
ing both in one envelope, being careful, please, to use sep- 
arate sheets for the two kinds of matter. But if you arc 
in a hurry, better use separate envelopes, each addressed 
to its proper destination. 

Another point: Do not address publication matter to 
individuals. The " Messenger " is always at home. Some- 
times individuals are not. 

Just remember this: If it's for publication in the " Mes- 
senger," but only then, address it to the " Gospel Mes- 
senger," Editorial Department. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER^January 17, 1920 



Why Forbid the Best of Books? 

In advocating that the Bible should be restored to its 
time-honored place, as an instructor in morals, Rev. Rob- 
ert Russell, of the Moody Bible Institute, Chicago, sug- 
gests that a united effort by Protestant, Catholic and 
Jewish religionists be put forth, to prepare a book of se- 
lections from the Bible for public school use. This, he 
thinks, should be comprehensive enough to give our 
young people its great historic trend, its ethical principles, 
and its beauty of language. Such a plan, if wisely car- 
ried out, might be practical and vastly superior to the 
present plan of wholly ignoring the Sacred Volume. Why, 
indeed, should we exclude the world's Greatest Book from 
the schools of a nation whose character and ideals were 

nurtured thereby? 

The Need of Awakening 

During a recent survey of religious conditions in the 
cities and towns of Ohio, it was found that in an other- 
wise flourishing town of that commonwealth, only six of 
the^ 105 high school pupils were in Sunday-school. We 
are not told just what efforts had been made by the four 
churches of the town to interest these young people in 
religious matters. That there was an evident failure 
somewhere, is apparent, but that is true also of a number 
of other cities and towns. We are told that in the town 
referred to there were two pool-rooms, a moving picture 
show and a public dancing pavilion — all liberally patron- 
ized, seemingly attesting to the . fact that "the children 
of this world" are fully awake to their opportunity of 
ensnaring the unwary. 

struction of their daughters. He asserted that practically 
all cases of youthful delinquency might be avoided by pa- 
rental care and watchfulness. Such an effort — like all else 
worth having — requires thoughtful study and unrelenting 
persistence, but in no other way can this most important 
and vital task be adequately attended. to. 

More Workers Needed 
Herbert Hoover, who has proved his efficiency as food 
administrator, comes forward with the prediction that 
prosperity will doubtless be the favored lot of America, 
but qualifies his forecast by several " if s." One is that 
every one must work. We must get away from the idea 
of " less work and more pay." If the world is to be kept 
from starving, and supplied in other respects, there must 
be no decrease in American production by business or 
farming. Europe's harvests were only eighty per cent 
normal last year, and will not recover for some time to 
come. While the workers in shops, mines, factories and 
railways of this country have slackened enormously, the 
American farmer has fortunately kept hard at work, with 
the result that he is making the largest effort. 

Dates for Missionary Education Conferences 
Dr. Miles B. Fisher, Director of the Missionary Edu- 
cation Department of the Interchurch World Movement, 
announces the dates of the annual Missionary Education 
Conferences as follows: "Blue Ridge, N. C, July 25 to 
Aug. 7; Silver Bay, N. Y„ July 9 to Aug. 19; Estes Park, 
Colo., July 9 to Aug. 19; Asilomar, Calif., July 13 to Aug, 
23; Ocean Park, Me., July 20 to Aug. 30; Lake Geneva, 
Wis., July 23 to Aug. 2; Seabeck, Wash.,' July 28 to Aug. 
T." In announcing this schedule, . Dr. Fisher specially 
mentions that emphasis is to be placed on the devotional 
life, Bible teaching on stewardship, and life service for 
Christ, but the atmosphere of the Conferences' will be 
supremely missionary. We should judge that broader 
vision might be gained by attending these Conferences. 

Dwindling Churches 
Contrary to the predictions of some, that renewed im- 
petus would be given to the churches of our land by rea- 
son of new visions -through the experiences of the last 
few years, late statistics show that some of the churches, 
at least, are losing ground. Fifty-eight Conferences of 
the Methodist Church report 12,000 fewer baptisms than 
last year, and 60,000 fewer additions to their church. 
Their Sunday-schools have decreased one-sixth. Church 
leaders' stand appalled, wondering what these figures 
mean to them. One of their editors suggests a remedy 
in the following — an advice that might well be applied 
more generally: " Go back to the old doctrines that made 
Christianity the success that it was in ancient days. Be- 
gin again to preach the neglected doctrine of repentance. 
Who dares to say it is generally preached today? " 

The Folly of Parental Neglect 
According to carefully compiled reports of the Travel- 
ers' -Aid Society, about 1,500 girls disappeared from 
through trains between New York and Chicago in one 
year. That, however, is but one way by which girls dis- 
appear, never to be heard of again. In practically every 
large city there are daily disappearances of girls who had 
been in attendance at school, but suddenly were never 
heard of again. ' As to what becomes of some of these 
girls, may be learned by the tragic disclosures in the daily 
press. Every now and then we are told that a gay de- 
ceiver dashes up to the sidewalk in is. fine motor car, and 
invites some unsuspecting girl to go for a joy ride. In 
many cases that is the last ever seen or heard of her. A 
Chicago judge, in a recent address, strongly arraigned 
the parents for their evident failure in the proper in- 

What a United Effort Will Do 
While none of our people agree with the Seventh Day 
Adventists on the Sabbath question, and while we may 
not approve of all their methods otherwise, we must ad- 
mit that they show a zeal that might well be imitated by 
others. Adventist churches now number 4,181, with a 
membership of 162,667. Their missionaries labor in sev- 
enty-four non-Christian countries, and preach their tenets 
in 125 languages. Most remarkable, however, is the re- 
sult attained by their united effort in tithing — last year's 
aggregate .amounting to $3,841,317.96. Besides that 
amount, there were foreign missionary offerings of $2,- 
072,917.21. The figures above cited might suggest some 
profitable thoughts, concerning greater activity in our own 

What Civilization Is Doing to Hawaiians 
Once rugged and virile, the dwellers on the Sandwich 
Islands are rapidly passing. In 1778 there were about 
300,000 natives, peacefully living on the "loveliest fleet of 
islands that lie anchored in any ocean." Then the white 
man discovered them. In 1823 — 50 years later — there 
were only 142,000 Hawaiians. Ten years later the native 
population dropped to 130,000. The census of 1910 placed 
their number at 30,000. The first two gifts of the white 
man — to their shame, be it said — were alcohol and vene- 
real disease, and these have well nigh demoralized the 
islanders. Later on, contagious bacterial diseases were 
brought to the islands — plague, measles, leprosy, tuber- 
culosis, pneumonia, etc. These and other conditions have 
contributed to wipe out a human type that had many 
physical, mental and spiritual attributes of superior 


The Proposed Debauchery of Cuba 
If the liquor men and professional gamblers are al- 
lowed to carry out their plans according to their own 
sweet will, Cuba, and particularly Havana, will be made 
the " Monte Carlo of the Western World," to which vast 
throngs of those, who are dissatisfied with a country 
where liquor and gambling have been ruled out, will go 
every winter. To the credit of the better element of the 
"Pearl of the Antilles" be it said, however, that they 
fully recognize the impending danger, and are already 
taking steps to counteract it in every way possible. The 
English-speaking residents have already raised a fund of 
$100,000 to ward off the proposed invasion. Endeavors 
are also being made by Dr. S. Guy Inman, Secretary of 
the Committee on Cooperation in Latin America, to es- 
tablish a strong evangelical center in Havana, to combat 
the evils that American exploiters propose to Inflict upon 

Cuba. : 

Mexico's Destructive Earthquakes 
Seven towns, near Teorelo, south of Jalapa, Mexico, 
were recently overwhelmed by disastrous earth disturb- 
ances, and a great lake is covering their former sites, ac- 
cording to reports forwarded Jan. 9, and confirmed later 
on. Excitement and panic reign among the inhabitants 
of the cities of Cordoba and Orizaba, in the western part 
of the State of Vera Cruz, because of the opening of a 
new crater of the volcano of Orizaba, fifteen miles north. 
Experts believe that the reported opening of a small and 
supposedly extinct volcano at San Miguel, and the break- 
ing out of the new crater on Mount Orizaba provide an 
explanation of the earthquakes which so recently cen- 
tered, with terrific effect, along the line between the States 
of Vera Cruz and Puebla. If, as reported, twenty villages, 
in the aggregate, were completely destroyed, the esti- 
mated loss of two thousand lives seems wholly within 
range of probability. 

the rich lands of the Euphrates. They won Mesopotamia 
and Syria. Persia was made theirs by a shrewd stroke of 
diplomacy. The east coast of the Red Sea was acquired 
with ease. Britain's grasp on Egypt, as well as India, 
was immensely strengthened. The "eastern supremacy" 
dream of the Germans was made a British reality. On 
two continents the British flag is firmly fixed— the em- 
pire's authority is unquestioned. Africa is now a British 
domain. Asia is practically controlled by the British and 
the Japanese. Whatever renown there may be in disin- 
terested service, the United States is surely entitled to full 
recognition along that line. We sacrificed much, but 
made no territorial gains. Every other large nation 
among the victors is walking off with the spoils. 

Some Men Can Not Be Bought 
When the liquor men began casting about for a man to 
contest Constitutional Prohibition in the courts, whenever 
a loophole might be discovered, they decided to look for 
some one of social prominence. Deeming that a large 
sum of money would prove to be an irresistible attraction, 
they presented a check for $150,000 to Charles Evans 
Hughes. The great jurist promptly replied: "I would 
not champion this cause before the courts for any sum of 
money you could name." Applying next to William 
Howard Taft, they placed before him a signed check, 
telling him to fill in any amount he wanted. His reply is 
remarkable: " Gentlemen, you could not pile gold enough 
on this continent to induce me to take your case before 
the courts and before the public, for I will have you know 
my conscience is not for sale." 

Bringing Back the Nation's Dead 

American soldiers buried in France, except those in- 
terred in the war zone, will be returned to America be- 
ginning in March, according to Col. H. F. Rethers, chief 
of the graves' registration service. Bodies of the men 
killed by accidents, or those that died of disease, will be 
collected by motor transports. At the disembarkation 
ports and hospital bases these total 20,000. About 50,000 
are buried in the war zone cemeteries. These can not be 
disinterred until the railway department of the French 
Government permits. About 2,500 men are buried in 
England, including a number of aviators killed in train- 
ing. These are collected at Southampton, and will be 
forwarded in February. About 200 experts, including era- 
balmers, were brought to Europe to see to needed prep- 
arations. Only bodies requested by relatives will be sent. 

Peace Treaty with Germany Signed at Paris 
On the afternoon of Jan. 10 the great world war formal- 
ly ended, when representatives of all the powers which 
had approved the Versailles treaty, deposited their cer- 
tificates of ratification, and signed the documents which 
put the treaty into effect. The United States took no 
part in the proceedings, and technically remains in a 
state of war with Germany, though, in reality, both coun- 
tries are as much at peace as those who actively partici- 
pated in the momentous proceedings. The final specifi- 
cations, as signed by the German representatives, bind 
that nation to carry out all unfulfilled terms of the armis- 
tice. Some of these are conceded to be the heaviest, ex- 
acted by any nation in modern times. Whether the pres- 
ent administration of German affairs will be able to sup- 
press uprisings of discontent and despair, is the question 
now worrying all parties concerned in the signing. 

Varying National Ideals 
A series of maps, recently published, presents a graphic 
picture of the mighty changes that have been wrought. 
They show what the victors got out of the war, in ample 
confirmation of the old adage: " To the victors belong 
the spoils." One outstanding feature is truly remarkable, 
however — no new map of the United States is needed. 
America went into the war, asking absolutely nothing, 
and nothing has been awarded to her. No new maps are 
needed to indicate newly-acquired American territory. 
Not a single American soldier stands on one foot of soil, 
newly added to the American domain. Some of our troops 
are guarding the possessions held for other nations, but 
none are standing on territory held for the United States. 
And who is there, of America's citizens, that is not glad 
that our country kept its hands clean? When the United 
States entered the great conflict, it was for the preserva- 
tion of great principles. We asserted again and again that 
the fight was for the cause of democracy at its best — 
American democracy. The new maps show France's 
gains, Italy's gains, Japan's gains and Great Britain's 
gains. The British, however, made the most sweeping 
gains. They opened their highway through Africa, from 
Cairo to the Cape. Reaching out from India, tb,ey (opk 

Is China to Become Militaristic? 
For ages China has been known as the most anti-mil- 
itaristic nation in the world. While there were some sol- 
diers in that vast realm, they were never conspicuous be- 
cause of their large number. In fact, the profession of 
the soldier was considered the lowest and least desirable 
of occupations, and, as a result, the more intelligent and 
capable men did not seem to be attracted by it. It has 
been a favorite argument of most advocates of ultra-mil- 
itarism, to attribute China's lack of progress to the fact 
that it has, for many years, been a pacifist nation. Closer 
investigation by any unprejudiced student of history will 
'reveal the fact that its lack of development and progress 
is due to entirely different causes. For centuries the peo- 
ple have been afflicted with an utterly corrupt, grafting 
Government. Lucrative offices were parceled out to court 
favorites, who paid huge sums for the privilege of ex- 
ploiting the people placed under their official jurisdiction 
and power. Alarmed by the persistent aggressions of the 
Japanese— winked at by the great powers of Europe— the 
new republic is, according to latest reports, preparing to 
abandon its age-old policy, with the full intent of adopting 
universal military training. What this astounding change 
of policy' in China may mean to the world at large, can 
be readily imagined, when we are told that a trained 
Chinese army of no less than ten million men can be 
raised without the least difficulty. Then, too, the Chi- 
nese, as fatalists, become the most desperate fighters, 
when adequately trained. They have little fsar of death, 
as- has been shown by criminals, who stoically submitted 
to the severest tortures. Close students of the situation 
assert that China, when fully aroused to a sense of its 
inherent power, might readily become what has so fre- 
quently been predicted— " a yellow peril" to the western 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 17, 1920 


A Poem of Poems 

Selected by C. J. Harris 

Why all this toil for triumphs of an hour? — Young. 

Life's a short summer, man a flower,— Dr. Johnson. 

By turns we catch the vital breath, and die. — Pope. 

The cradle and the tomb, alasl so nigh. — Prior. 

To be is better, far, than not to be. — Sewell. 

Though all man's life may seem a tragedy. — Spencer. 

But light cares speak when mighty cares are dumb. — 

The bottom is but shallow whence they come. — Raleigh. 

Your fate is but the common fate of all. — Longfellow. 

Unmingled joys here to no man befall. — Southwell. 

Nature to each allots his proper sphere.— Congreve. 

Fortune makes folly her peculiar care. — Churchill. 

Custom does often reason overrule. — Rochester. 

And throw a cruel sunshine on a fool. — Armstrong. 

Live well, how long or short, permit to heaven. — Milton. 

They who forgive most shall be most forgiven. — Baily. 

Sin may be clasped so close we can not see its face. — 

Vile intercourse where virtue has not place. — Somerville. 

Then keep each passion down, however dear. — Thomson. 
Thou pendulum betwixt a smile and tear. — Byron. 
Her sensual snares let faithless pleasures lay.— Smollet. 
With craft and skill to ruin and betray. — Crabbe. 
Soar not too high to fall, but stoop" to rise. — Massinger. 
We masters grow of all that we despise. — Crowley. 
O, then renounce that impious self-esteem. — Beattie. 
Riches have wings, and grandeur is a dream. — Cowper. 
Think not ambition wise because 'tis brave. — Sir Daven- 

The paths of glory lead but to the grave. — Gray. 
What is ambition? 'Tis a glorious cheat. — Willis. 
Only destructive to the brave and great. — Addison. 
What's all the gaudy glitter of a crown? — Dryden. 
The way to bliss lies not on beds of down. — Francis 

How long we live, not years, but actions tell. — Watkins. 
That man lives twice who lives the first life well. — Her- 

Make, then, while yet we may, your God your friend. — 

Whom Christians worship, yet not comprehend. — Hill. 
The trust that's given guard, and to yourself be just. — 

For live we how we can, die we must. — Shakespeare. 
Greenville, N. C. 

Loved Into Being Nice 


There came a soft " tap, tap " on the living-room 
door. Aunt Margaret opened it and there stood her 
niece, Betty Lewis. 

"Whatever can be the matter, child?" exclaimed 
Aunt Margaret, when she saw the disconsolate look on 
Betty's face. Betty heaved a sigh so deep that the 
roses in her belt quivered. 

"Where did you get those lovely roses?" Aunt 
Margaret questioned, as she took Betty by the hand 
and drew her gently into the room. " They are as 
fresh and delicate as your own pink cheeks." 

" Brother George gave them to me. They are hot- 
house flowers," replied Betty. 

" They are lovely and would set off your pretty face 
nicely if it wore its usual pleasant smile." 

" I would be as happy and gladsome as your canary 
this morning, if it wasn't for thoughts of Aunt Nancy," 
said Betty, with something very near like a sob. 

" But who is Aunt Nancy? I have never heard of 

" She's mother's aunt— the oldest of a family of four 
children. Her parents died when she was a young 
woman and left the younger children in her care. She 
was true to her charges and cared well for them. 
Mother says she denied herself many things she would 
have liked, that she might give each one of them an 
education. But it seems that as she grew older she be- 
came cranky and cross. She's seventy-seven years old. 
None of her folks want her to live with them." 

"Well, well," said Aunt Margaret hopefully, 
" couldn't she get some one to live with her? " 

"Aunty, she can't because she's very poor, and 
mother says she's done a lot of good in the world, and 
now she's going to do everything she can to make her 
comfortable and happy as. long as she lives. Aunt 
Nancy's coming to live with us. But, oh, dear! How 

can we make her happy when she's unappreciative and 
crabbed and fault-finding and only eats certain tilings ? 
I am trying to be good, but how can I, with such a 
cross old woman around? " 

Here Betty burst into tears and laid her head in 
Aunt Margaret's lap. Aunt Margaret gently stroked 
her pretty niece's chestnut hair, while that little woman 
had a good cry. Aunty was very sorry, for this was a 
real trouble. Storms pass and the sun shines brightly 
again. Betty looked up through her tears. She felt 
better; the cry had relieved the pressure on her nerves. 
" We have fixed the front room with the yellow 
paper and ecru curtains for her, and placed a couch 
near the register where she can lie and rest if she 
wishes to, and we placed an easy chair by the window, 
where she can sit and read, and look out at the snow- 
flakes flying, and where she can see the snow-birds 
hopping about. Mother put some potted plants in the 
window and she says I may tend them. I love to care 
for flowers, and, oh, how I do hope she'll be a little 
thankful for what we do for her." 

" Come and see the lovely flowers on this cacti," 
said Aunt Margaret, and she stepped to the window 
and tenderly touched the rich yellow, fragrant blos- 

" Where did you get it, Aunty ! " exclaimed Betty. 
" It's lovely." 

" It's that scraggly, unpromising plant that stood on 
the front porch last summer. By kindness and tender 
care I coaxed it into yielding these lovely flowers," re- 
plied Aunt Margaret. "And, Betty, you have always 
been a pleasant, loving girl — always looking on the 
bright side before this." 

Betty looked at her aunt with a serious expression 
on her face. " I believe that's the secret you use, just 
loving and coaxing everything and everybody about 
you to be nice and kind and sweet. I believe I'll try 
your secret on Aunt Nancy. Maybe she'll be a kind, 
friendly old woman, nice to have around. Really, I'm 
ashamed, Aunty, that I felt so hateful and made such 
a fuss. But I must run home now and help mother with 
the work. Aunt Nancy comes tomorrow morning." 
Aunt Margaret watched Betty run down the road 
and she thought : " I'm afraid Aunt Nancy will be 
hard to love into being nice and agreeable. But she 
must have fine qualities of character, or she would not 
have been so willing to make so many self-denials for 
the sake of her younger brothers and sister." 

A month passed and "Aunt Margaret saw nothing of 
Betty till one day in January she came in, bringing a 
gust of wind with her. 

" You look sweet and fresh as a rose, dear," said 
Aunt Margaret. 

" Everything is so lovely at our house and I came 
over to tell you about Aunt Nancy. I made a dreadful 
mistake when I told you she was a cranky, cross old 
woman," said Betty. 

" Has she proved to be nicer than you thought she 
would ? I've wondered about it so often. One doesn't 
always have to share their best with other people—" 
But her words were cut off by her niece. " Now 
look here, dear aunt, you know you have always shared 
your very best with other people. Why, you took in 
three orphans and raised them, and loved them and 
educated them all." 

Aunt Margaret held up both her hands in remon- 
strance. " Tell me about Aunt Nancy," she said. 

" Aunt Nancy is a nice, dear, sour, old woman, a 
regular make-believe," gushed Betty. 

" What a combination—' nice, dear and sour.' What 
do you mean ? " 

Betty's laugh was good to hear. " She's only sour 
and cranky in appearance. At heart she's a true, sweet 
woman. With all the cares and worry she's had in 
life, it isn't any wonder she's not always smiling. I 
think her folks do wrong by not- giving her a home. 
Just come over and see for yourself, Aunty." 

Aunt Margaret did go and she went into the room 
with the yellow paper and ecru curtains and saw a nice, 
wrinkled old lady with kindly, black eyes. Wearing a 
white cap on her snowy hair, she was comfortably 
reading her Bible. Later Aunt Margaret heard her 
whine: " It's too warm in this room." 
"The thermometer's at 72, and that's exactly like 

you told me you want it," said Betty in a pleasant 

" Sure it is, and my rheumatism doesn't bother me 
since I live with you," said Aunt Nancy. 

At dinner the old lady drew down the corners of her 
mouth and said : " This chicken's too salty ; I can't 
eat it." 

" But you told mother she salted things just as you 
like them," replied Betty, and she lovingly patted the 
old lady on one cheek. 

" It is good. I like it," smiled Aunt Nancy, and she 
ate with a relish and soon handed her plate for a 
second helping. 

Betty's mother whispered to Aunt Margaret : " Betty 
loves and understands Aunt Nancy." 

Aunt Margaret's eyes glowed softly and lovingly, 
and she thought: "It's the love and good will in 
Betty that is drawing out the good qualities in the dear 
old soul that the world has dealt too harshly with. ' I 
was a stranger and ye took me in,' says Jesus. I be- 
lieve when the poor, friendless, sour old woman came 
into this home, the Lord Jesus came too. Betty said 
she was trying to be good, and she is good, and Aunt 
Nancy's nice. It's the power of the Lord Christ." 

Ashland, Ohio. 


" Write what thot 


The Nemadji church, formerly the Deer Park church, 
has selected a committee of two brethren— with the 
church correspondent acting as an ex-officio member — 
to act as a colonization committee for this church. 

Such a committee is needed to protect prospective 
home-seekers, who may be looking for cheap homes, 
against overly ambitious real estate agents. In the past, 
our members have been induced to purchase land in this 
community, as in many other communities, having the 
bright side only shown to them. They were induced to 
buy heavily, and incurred debts on their land, to such 
proportions that they were not able to finance the clear- 
ing and improving of their holdings, and provide a' living 
for their families until they got their land into condition 
of productivity to pay running expenses. 

The church realizes that there are three ways of build- 
ing up the congregation, viz.; By colonization, evangeliza- 
tion and personal work. They took the step herein men- 
tioned in order to look after the colonization phase of 
their work. 

Anyone interested should confer with the writer, Joel 
A. Vancil, Nemadji, Minn., or J. H. Harper, of Barnum. 
Minn. Persons coming to look us up will find us easiest 
by coming over the Soo Line from Duluth or Superior to 
Nemadji and coming to the parsonage. Correspondence 
is solicited from those looking for a good home and good 
church privileges. - . 

We have a membership of about forty. We have preach- 
ing every Sunday, an evergreen Sunday-school, and a . 
teacher-training class. Senior and Junior Missionary 
Reading Circles are to be organized in the near future. 
We have an active Aid Society. Workers are needed to 
make the present efforts more successful. We have a 
resident pastor, who gives most of his time to the work 
of the church. 

This committee works without compensation, having 
as its primary motive the uplift of the Lord's work by 
permanent colonization. Jo e i A. Vancil. 

Nemadji, Minn. 


Our District Sunday-school superintendent, Irene Fike, 
held a three-day Institute at our church. She was as- 
sisted by the State Secretary of our International work, 
C. W. Fisher, of San Jose; Bro. Virgil C. Finnell, of El- 
gin, 111., and Sister Swadley, of Empire. 

A splendid program was given each day. Bro. Finnell 
gave his talks, assisted by stereopticon views each eve- 
ning. We feel that we were spiritually uplifted, and that 
many inspiring things were brought to us, to put in prac- 
tice in the Sunday-school work. 

The Institute was followed by our revival meetings, 
conducted by Bro. Jarboe. There was a splendid interest 
and attendance throughout the meetings, notwithstanding 
the inclement weather. Thirty-eight confessed Christ, 
thirty-two of whom received baptism. Most of these were 
heads of families. We feel that we have been greatly 
blessed. These meetings closed with a love feast, which 
the new converts enjoyed with us. 

Monday evening we held our regular quarterly confer- 
ence, with Eld. Brubaker as moderator. We elected an 
Educational Board of five, to care for the problems of the 
church and Sunday-school, and to appoint the teachers 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER^-January 17, 1920 


of all departments and most of the officers of church and 
Sunday-school. Bro. Sheller was elected superintendent 
of the main school; Bro. H. E. Fike, trustee; Brethren 
Pike, Lehmer and Moore, financial committee. A com- 
mittee was appointed to solicit the membership for the 
purchase of a parsonage. The members decided to raise 
a budget of $3,000 for the expenses of the-church the en- 
suing year. 

Bro. Andrew BlickenstafF and wife visited our meetings 
one evening and solicited the congregation for the new 
church building, to be erected at the Oakland Mission. 

The Mission Band from La Verne College gave a splen- 
did and uplifting program on the following Tuesday eve- 
ning. We were greatly impressed with the music and 
the excellent talks "these young people brought to us. 

Wednesday evening the Primary Department gave a 
White Gift program. Many donations in provisions, and 
over $32 in cash were brought by the Sunday-school 
classes. The provisions were sent to Fresno and the 
money was used for missionary work. 

This closes one of the most successful years in the 
history of the Raisin church. We have purchased two 
adjoining lots to enlarge our grounds, and we hope to 
*ee many more improvements in our church during the 
coming year. Nelle E. Flickinger. 


Sunday, Oct. 19, 1919, marked the culmination of a 
little over nine years' work in the Irricana congrega- 
tion. That day we dedicated our commodious house of 
worship. For a little over a year the committee has dil- 
igently planned and labored that this community might 
have a modern house in every respect. It was a pleasure 
to announce, on the day of dedication, that the largest 
part of the indebtedness had been met. The offering that 
day amounted to nearly $500. 

June 25, 1910, a small band of members met in a little 
cluirchhouse they had built. Five acres of land was given 
for that purpose by Bro. J. T. Miller, now deceased. Bro. 
Luther Shatto, then of Nanton, Alta., assisted in organiz- 
ing the congregation. Five of the original fifteen mem- 
bers still reside here and helped to dedicate the new 
house. The location of the house is ideal, being on a 
ridge, commanding the surrounding country for miles. 
It is seven miles west from Irricana and two miles south. 

Previous to the building of the old churchhouse, the 
members met in the houses, and after a location for a 
church building was decided upon, they met in a tent on 
the premises. Until this fall, our love feasts have been 
held mostly in tents. The first communion was held in 
November, 1910. 

At present our membership numbers 110, but is largely 
scattered. The Sunday-school is evergreen and is well 
attended. Although we have done some things in the 
past, we are planning to do greater things in the future. 
We feel that this is a worthy and excellent field for Chris- 
tian work. 

Bro. David Hollinger, of Red Cliff, Alta., who preached 
the dedicatory sermon, remained with us for two weeks 
in a series of meetings. One was baptized at the time, 
and two more have been baptized since. The second 
Sunday Bro. Hollinger was with us, we had an all-day 
Harvest Meeting, and the next Sunday, Nov. 2, we held 
our communion. Although the weather was around zero 
and below, the attendance was excellent, nearly sixty 

We feel that in a way our work here is largely mis- 
sionary. We were much encouraged to have Bro. Em- 
mert Stover and his sister, Miriam, with us one day last 
summer. Such visits are much appreciated, for we are 
out of the usual route of travel and few find it convenient 
to visit us. On Christmas Day we had a program in the 
forenoon, followed by a dinner at the church. 

Dec. 26. Pearl Cawley. 

A 1920 VISION 

Most people have two physical eyes, but if this is all 
the"vision that one has, he lives in a very small world in- 
deed! God has blessed us with intellectual eyes and in 
proportion as these eyes open, in that proportion the real 
worth of this world becomes known to us. But no one 
enters upon the " more abundant life " until the eyes of 
the soul have spiritual vision from above. 

They who enjoy this threefold vision of physical, in- 
tellectual and spiritual eyes, are standing in a normal re- 
lationship to life and all of life's possibilities. This is a 
thrice blessed state! It is the standing of a redeemed 
soul, as far as the saving grace of God can reclaim a sin- 
ner from his former abnormal state. They who see only 
with physical and intellectual eyes have a hazy view of 
life, and we are not surprised to hear such speak of hu- 
man life as " the riddle of the universe." * 

Only a redeemed soul can see the great headlands and 
brilliant shore lights of the real world in its making — the 
real soul in its development — the real fellowship of proper 
relationships! It is hard to understand why any one should 
wreck his soul's happiness by being intolerant and selfish. 
Hugging old grudges and being hateful, they smother 
their soul in an atmosphere where no spiritual life can 
grow at all.* 

Only an unregenerated heart will carry a grudge into 
the new year and hug this poor " asset " which yields 
only dividends of "weariness of mind" and "barrenness 
of soul." We should never form an opinion, or even an 
estimate, of anything that we have a dislike for, because 
we are sure to underrate its true value. Hence, as we 
enter upon this, new year of 1920, we should "keep our- 
selves in the love of God," cultivating the "charity that 
thinketh no evil." We are sure to see, at a marked dis- 
advantage, those people for whom we have little respect. 
Only as we see our fellow-man in the light of the cross, do 
we catch the vision of 1920 as our Lord would have us 
see it! J. Kurtz Miller. 

Frederick, Md., Jan. 1. 

toms as are common among Chinese at wedding festivals? 
Who knows what the influence of that public Christian 
wedding may mean to the future church of Christ in that 
little village? y. Grace Clapper. 

Showyanghsien, Shansi, China. 


Mrs. Chang, one of the native Christian women from 
Ping Ting, is spending the winter months at Showyang, 
where she will assist Sister Schaeffer in the evangelistic 
work among the women. She loves her home and left 
it rather reluctantly to take up the work at Showyang. 
Arriving at her new field of labor, she mentioned the fact 
that it was hard for her to leave her home, but that the 
Master's words: "I am with you alway," gave her much 
comfort and encouragement in taking up her new work. 

These native Christians have their weaknesses, like 
those of us who are not native here. They seem to learn 
so slowly, and it is so hard for them to break off their 
old habits — such as gambling, smoking, and cursing, which 
things the majority of them have practiced all their lives. 
And yet, somehow the Spirit has gotten into their lives 
and left its impress there, so that, with all their faults, 
their apparent spirituality and their child-like faith in 
God, many times puts to shame some of us who have 
been reared in Christian homes, and surrounded by Chris- 
tian influences from earliest childhood. 

When Sister Chang's first meal was brought to her, as 
she sat on the K'ang, with a number standing by in the 
room, both Christians and non-Christians, she bowed her 
head reverently, and audibly expressed her thanks to the 
Father for bringing her safely to her destination, and 
for the food placed before her. Sometimes we, who have 
had more opportunities for Christian development, have 
to muster up all the courage we have, to breathe a silent 
blessing in the presence of non-Christian people. Pray 
for Sister Chang, as she works among the women, that 
her life may be a shining light to brighten some of the 
dark homes of Showyang. 

We are glad to report that Sister Nettie Senger is much 
improved in health. We are hoping and praying that her 
recovery may soon be complete, and that she may be 
able to take up her work again in the near future. She 
is at present resting and rejoicing in the home of Brother 
and Sister Crumpacker at Ping Ting. 

On Tuesday, Nov. 18, the home of Brother and Sister 
I. E. Oberholtzer, at Ping Ting, was brightened by the 
arrival of Kathryn Ruth and Emma Marie. May these 
little lives grow up to brighten other homes in China as 
well as their own! 

Dr. Brubaker spent a few days at Showyang, during 
the first part of the month, looking after the sick. As 
soon as it is "noised abroad" that there is a doctor in- 
the Mission Compound, the people come in great num- 
bers. Would that these people were as eager to have 
the soul's diseases treated as they are to have the dis- 
eases of the body attended to, but it was even so when 
the Master lived and walked among men. With the ap- 
proach of cold weather the attendance at our Sunday 
services decreases somewhat. While the weather con- 
tinued warm, the door and windows of the chapel were 
usually crowded with eager listeners, but now only those 
who are interested most, come for the service, and, in- 
stead of standing outside, they come in where they can 
sit comfortably while the Word is being spoken. Among 
those who attend regularly are a carpenter and his help- 
ers, who probably are seeking our patronage and probably 
not, but whatever the attraction may be, we are praying 
that the seed which is being sown may mean salvation 
to him and his household. Up to this time three evening 
services have been -held each week in the street chapel, 
which consisted of preaching, singing and prayer, but 
during the winter months a regular Bible lesson will be 
taught instead; 

Mr. Pai, our native evangelist at Ching Chuan (an out- 
station of Showyang), spent a little more than a week at 
his home near Ping Ting, on account of illness, but after 
a few treatments in the hospital he rapidly regained his 
strength and is now back at his post again. During his 
absence from Ching Chuan, Bro. Heisey and Bro. Jung 
helped to conduct the services at that place. 

About two weeks ago Mr. Jung, our native evangelist 
at Showyang, united in marriage a man of thirty and a 
girl under sixteen. While this man is not a Christian, 
his life and conduct indicate that he has already had some 
change of heart. He has been influential in having all 
the idols removed from his home. When his wedding 
day came around, he would have none of the idolatrous 
practices, so common at Chinese weddings. Instead of 
these he asked for a service suitable for a Christian. Can 
you imagine what it must mean to a young couple to 
break away from heathen customs— especially such cqs- 


Near by, on all sides, are mountains, which, like most 
of the mountains of China, are cultivated. The sturdy 
natives, by terracing them, have made almost every imag- 
inable shape and size of level, or slightly-rolling plots of 
cultivatable land. On these unique farms the owners are 
busily engaged in reaping their crops with a six-inch 
sickle, or are almost burying their donkeys in that which 
is ready to be transferred to the threshing-floor, insid« 
the wall. At the sharp command of their master the 
heavily-laden, dwarf-like beasts of burden follow the ex- 
ceedingly narrow paths, most of which are near deep 
ravines or precipices. 

On one of the highest peaks there is a structure which 
resembles a tower without doors or windows. It is one 
of China's many pagodas which were erected for the pur- 
pose of bringing good luck to the inhabitants of the city. 

On the elevated fields of waving millet, and on the 
blossoming fields of buckwheat, a woman is winding her 
way to one of the seven temples in view. Unappreciative 
of the beautiful scenery and the perfume of the flowering 
buckwheat, and unconscious of the torture that each step 
ordinarily brings as a result of her once-bound feet, she 
passes by one of the dwelling-places of the gods, to a 
more distant one, because in that temple the god is sup- 
posed to dwell that would grant the special thing which 
is burdening her soul. 

In a narrow valley between the mountains and the 
wall is a river from which the water supply of the city 
comes. Owing to the frequent passing of the farmers, 
travelers, herds of cattle, and flocks of sheep and goats, 
the carriers have dug shallow wells near the running 
stream. From one of these pits in the sand a man is fill- 
ing his square tin pails which are suspended from the 
ends of a long pole which he carries over his shoulder. 
At the water's edge women are doing the family washing, 
which consists of a few blue garments. 

From the distance a mournful sound is heard. It is 
the voice of a woman who is not dressed in her usual 
blue garment but, instead, is robed in white. At her side 
is a freshly-made grave. The powerless gods, in whom 
she trusts, can not give her comfort. It has been proved 
by the moon, in relation to the date of the death, that 
she has caused the departure of her loved one. 

Beyond this picture, darkened by superstition, sorrow 
and untold suffering, the clouds scatter. A few rays of 
sunshine appear in the form of three happy-faced little 
girls who are slowly nearing the city. On their arrival 
they will enroll in our mission-school, where they will 
learn about the Living God who, having made the lovely 
world, " has made nothing on earth half so holy as the 
innocent heart of a child." Valley V. Miller. 

Liao Chou, China. 


About two years ago, while in a series of meetings at 
the North Star church, Ohio, Bro. Jesse Baker, the pas- 
tor, told me of his brother, F. L. Baker, located at Free- 
ville, N. Y. Though isolated, he was then patiently 
awaiting the time when a glorious outpouring of the 
Holy Spirit might bless that part of God's heritage. 

At about the same time I became greatly impressed 
with the possibilities of our church becoming known to 
the people of the Empire State, little thinking that in less 
than two years Bro. Baker and I would be arranging a 
series of meetings in the State where so little is as yet 
known about our people. 

Nov. 16 I arrived at Freeville, and was greatly cheered 
to learn of the glorious workings of the Holy Spirit, 
whereby, just a few days before, the whole District of 
Eastern Pennsylvania, in less than a half hour, raised 
three thousand dollars, to purchase a most commodious 
house of worship at Freeville. In this it was hoped to 
hold the contemplated meetings in this new field. This 
vast unoccupied territory is a part of the District of 
Eastern Pennsylvania. How many such sections like 
this do we have? Who knows? 

Surely, the members of Eastern Pennsylvania have 
caught the spirit -of the Forward Movement! May the 
whole Brotherhood be enkindled by the same spirit, to 
enter upon other unoccupied territory, that many may 
be added unto the Kingdom! The purchase brought to 
the Brotherhood another modernly-equipped house of 

In the morning of the appointed day we held the dedi- 
catory service, and in the evening the revival opened in 
full swing, to continue for an indefinite time. The Lord 
wonderfully blessed our labors by the outpouring of the 
Holy Spirit. As an immediate result nine were added 
by Christian baptism. 

After five weeks of the grandest and most glorious 
(Continued on Page 46) 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER^ January 17, 1920 


Program for Bible Institute, to be held at McPherson 
College. McPherson, Kans., Jan. 25-Feb. I.. 
9-10 A. M., Monday to Saturday, Bible, by Dr. Kurtz. 
10:30-11:30, Monday to Saturday, Bible, by Dr. Culler. 
11:30-12:30, Monday and Tuesday, Missions, by Miss 
Anna Blough; Wednesday to Friday, Lecture, Rural Prob- 
lems, by Prof. Yoder; Saturday, McPherson College Gos- 
pel Team. 

1:30-2:30, Monday to Saturday, Pastoral Problems; 
Home Economics, by Miss Walters; Agriculture, by Prof. 
2:30-3:30, Monday to Saturday, Dr. Harnly. 
3:30-4:30, Monday to Wednesday, Bible Reading, by 
Mis? Frantz; Thursday and Friday, Church Music, by 
Prof. Rowland; Saturday, McPherson College Mission 
4:30-5:30, Monday to Saturday, Sunday-school Prob- 
" lems, by Prof. Deeter. 

7:30-S:3O, Monday and Thursday, Lecture, by Dr. Cul- 
ler; Tuesday. Musical; Wednesday, Lantern Lecture, by 
Miss Anna Blough; Friday, Educational Meeting, in 
charge of Dr. Kurtz; Saturday, Home Missions, Prof. 

The Vital Statistics Act of the Province of Alberta 
provides that the ministers of any denomination be prop- 
erly registered with the Registrar of Vital Statistics be- 
fore they may legally perform marriage ceremonies. They 
should also be registered before they baptize or conduct 
funeral -services. 

This may be done either collectively, by the executive 
head of the church in the Province, or individually, by 
any minister sending in a certificate of his ordination or 
authority, and receiving an individual permit. Having 
received a notice from the Registrar to the effect that we, 
as a church, were negligent in that respect, I have con- 
sulted with the Moderator of our last District Conference, 
Eld. David Hollinger, and together we have compiled and 
forwarded to the Department a list of all the ministers 
and elders residing in the Province. 

Each minister will receive supplies and instructions 
from the Department, and each congregation will receive 
a Record book, for the recording of births, deaths, bap- 
tisms and marriages. This book is the property of the 
Government and may be called for at any time. Copies 
of the Vital Statistics Act may be obtained from the 
King's Printer at Edmonton, at a nominal charge. 

Any minister failing to receive the proper supplies and 
instructions, will please notify the undersigned. Notice 
should also be sent of any new ministers installed or 
moving into the Province. All are requested to do their 
utmost that this very reasonable enactment of our Gov- 
ernment is complied with. 

The matter will likely be further considered at our next 
District Conference and some one appointed to attend 
to the matter. Until that time I will keep m touch, with 
the Department and inform the ministers of'any develop- 
ments that may arise. E. C. Cawley, District Clerk. 

Irricana, Alta., Can. 


This year the annual Bible Institute of Blue Ridge Col- 
lege will be held Feb. 1 to 8 inclusive. Those who will 
take part in the rendition of the week's program are the 

Eld. Ezra Flory, a member of the faculty of Bethany 
Bible School, who will be with us throughout the week. 

Eld. H. B. Heisey, a graduate of Juniata Bible School, 
having been to India as a missionary, at present a suc- 
cessful pastor and evangelist, will conduct the evening 
evangelistic meetings. , ' 

Eld. J. M. Blough, one of the pioneer missionaries to 
the India field, now home on his second furlough, will be 
with us for a few days at the beginning of the Institute. 
Because of his ability and wide experience, Bro. Blough 
will have good things for us. 

Dr. F. F. Holsopple, now pastor of the Hagerstown, 
Md., church, will deliver several addresses. Having been 
formerly associated with the school and the District, Dr. 
Holsopple needs no further introduction. 

Eld. J. Kurtz Miller, of the Frederick church, a live 
and energetic pastor, will deliver one address. 

Prof. William Kinsey, Dean of the Bible Department, 
will conduct several sessions. 

Prof. Murphy, now acting president of* the College, will 
conduct the Sunday-school Conference and deliver some 

Others who will take part in the Institute are Profes- 
sors J. J. John, E. C. Bixler, F. E. Mallot, and Eld. C. D. 
Bonsack. all associated with the college. 

In addition to the personnel of the program outlined 
above, two organizations of the College— the Volunteer 
Band and the Ministerium— will occupy one period each, 

A new feature of the Bible Term will be that of spe- 
cial days. The first of these is Missionary Day, Feb. 1. 
Eld. J. M. Blough will discuss missionary themes, both 
morning and evening. At both of these services offerings 

for missions will be lifted. In the evening, at seven 
o'clock, the Volunteer Band will render their special pro- 
gram. Second, Ministers' Day, Feb. 3. The special fea- 
ture of this day will be a Conference for elders, pastors 
and ministers. A leaflet of suggestive questions will be 
prepared for brief discussions. There will ajso be a Sun- 
day-school Conference, and such practical subjects as Re- 
ligious Education, Evangelism, the Forward Movement, 
and others, will be discussed. 

The churches and Sunday-schools would render an ef- 
fective service to their ministers and superintendents by 
sending them to the Institute and paying their expenses 
when necessary. 

All delegates and attendants at the Bible Term will be 
given lodging and tuition free. Meals, twenty-five cents. 
If possible, give information of your coming. If you 
can not be with us for the entire Institute, you are wel- 
' come at any time. And now a word concerning the re- 
ligious activities of the College: 

The Ministerial Association is one of the most helpful 
activities of the College. It is composed of those stu- 
dents who are ordained ministers, and those who have 
not yet. been ordained, but who are preparing for the 
ministry. The Association is organized, and regular meet- 
ings are held every two weeks. Various persons of ex- 
perience in the ministry, both as overseers of churches 
and as pastors, have been called upon to conduct these 
meetings, discussing such problems as are vital in the 
development of the student ministry, in relation to its 
future service in the church. For these discussions, any 
one who may be interested, regardless of membership in 
the Association, is invited. As a result, others are be- 
coming actively interested in the ministry and its prob- 
lems. This Association aims to hold a number of short- 
session, or week-end Bible Institutes in various outlying 
congregations. One has already been held in West Vir- 
ginia. One of the student ministers, with the assistance 
of several others under the direction of the State Dis- 
trict Mission Board, has charge of two mission points In 
West Virginia. This work is not only helpful to the 
community wherein the labor is directed, but the experi- 
ence is invaluable to the student ministers engaged there- 
in. All of the ministers are busily engaged in answering 
calls to fill preaching appointments. 

The Student Volunteer Band has been most active — 
programs being rendered at various places almost week- 
ly. Much deputation work is also being done in the way 
of administering to the sick and shut-ins and through 
other channels of home missionary activities. Mission 
study classes have been organized, including the entire 
registration of the school. Under the supervision of va- 
rious members of the Faculty, these classes meet for 
study each week, on Wednesday morning, during the 
hour for the regular chapel service. The regular devo- 
tional meetings of the Band are held in the College 
Chapel, each Sunday morning at 8:45. One new Sab- 
bath-school has recently been organized by the Band, 
and the Colored Sabbath-school work is moving along 
very nicely under its direction. 

The Christian Associations are alive, and meeting a 
real need in College life, as well as preparing students 
for a bigger and broader service.' Devotional meetings 
are held each Saturday evening in the respective Associa- 
tion rooms, while a public program is frequently rendered 
in the Chapel on Sabbath evening. Each Association 
sent a representative student to the International Stu- 
dent Volunteer Convention, held in Des Moines, Iowa. 
Prof. John represented the school as a member of the 

All of these religious activities work together toward 
the realization of a higher standard of spirituality for 
each student, as well as for the school at large. The 
midweek prayer services, conducted by Bro. Kinsey, Dean 
of the Department of Sacred Literature, are well attended 
and very interesting. The Christian Workers' Society 
has rendered very helpful and inspiring programs, which 
are followed by a short season of song service, conducted 
by the Music Department. The Nativity of Christ, as 
presented by the Christian Associations on the Sunday 
evening before the Christmas vacation, made an effective 
impression on the audience, and was enjoyed by all. The 
Christmas Cantata, rendered in the Auditorium, was high- 
ly appreciated by a large audience. 

Watch the Sunday-school offering increase! The av- 
erage now is about ten cents per member. Recently an 
offering was lifted in the College Chapel for Armenian 
Relief, amounting to $104. The college membership has 
been organized for the purpose of realizing greater ef- 
ficiency in its church activities; a pastor being selected 
to have general charge of pastoral work and church ac- 
tivities, under the supervision of the elder. 

As we close our accounts with the old year and look 
into the face of 1920, we see a prospect bright with op- 
portunities for a greater future than anything, the past 
of Blue Ridge has experienced. 

While the leaders of the church in the past were not 
college-trained men and women, those of the future will 
be— in fact must be— if the young people, who are taking 
advantage of the many educational opportunities, are to 
be led. The demand for pastors, even now, far exceeds 
the supply. Men and women who know the Bible and 

the best methods for presenting it, whether by teaching 
or preaching, are, and always will be, in demand. The 
supreme aim of every Christian College is to serve the 
church. Florence Murphy. 

New Windsor, Md. 

We met in quarterly council Dec. 21, with Eld. E. M. 
Reed presiding. Bro. Reed was reelected as elder in 
charge for one year; Bro. Edwards, trustee; Sister Delia 
M. Edwards, church clerk and "Messenger" agent; Sis- 
ters Delia Miller, May me Britton and Madine Britton, 
Missionary Committee ; the undersigned, church corre- 
spondent. Sunday-school officers were also elected for 
one year. The sisters recently organized an Aid Society, 
with Sister Delia Edwards, President. We also decided to 
organize a Christian Workers' Society in the near future. 
Since our last report one has been baptized, and one 
reconsecrated her life to Christ and the church for more 
faithful service. 

Dec. 14 the District Mission Board met -at Chanutc in 
their work, giving us assistance and encouragement. 
They decided to give us a missionary worker to help Bro. 
Edwards in the pastoral work of the church. 

A splendid program was rendered by the Sunday-school 
on Christmas evening, to a crowded house. A treat was 
given to the children. Dec. 28. Eld. W. H. Miller and Bro. 
J. B. Denney. both of Independence, were with us at the 
morning services. Bro. Denney also preached for us in 
the evening. Bro. Brown, who last Monday evening re- 
ceived a stroke of paralysis, was anointed yesterday 
morning. Afterwards, with his faithful wife, he attended 
both morning and evening services with but very little 
assistance. Mrs. C. A. Peterson. 

1530 South Santa Fe Street, Dec. 29. 

We take this opportunity of thanking New Carlisle, 
Trotwood, Salem, West Milton and Bear Creek Sunday^ 
schools for the happiness they brought into the lives of 
the men, women and children of the Brethren's Home at 

If those, who so freely gave, could have heard the many 
expressions of gratitude, and could have seen the joy 
beaming in their faces, that alone would have repaid them 
over and over. But God loves a cheerful giver and we 
know he will reward all for brightening the lives of these 
thirty-one aged people and seven children. May the Fa- 
ther richly bless you, is our prayer! 

Greenville, Ohio. E. S. Petry and Wife. 

Notes From Our Correspondents 

(Continued from Page 37) 
good, warm clothing, especially children's clothing, underwear, and 
boys' waists, it will be gladly received and acknowledged, if sent 
to Chas. A. Miller, 724 Pyle Street, Kansas City, Kans.— Anna Miller, 
Kansas City, Kans., Jan. 4 

Morrill.— We gave our Christmas program Dec. 21, using the White 
Gift service. We raised £375 for Armenian Relief, General Mission 
Board, and for distribution at home. This year the Primary Depart- 
ment is going to support a little girl in school in India. We have 
organized a Sunday-school Workers' Council.— Mrs. H. E. Bowers, 
Morrill, Kans., Jan. 8. 

Ottawa.— Dec. 23 Prof. E. M. Studebaker, of McPherson, began a 
Bible Normal, which lasted one week. Afternoon and evening ses- 
sions were held each day. The life of Paul, as given in Acts, and the 
Book of Romans, were studied. The teacher- training class was of 
special interest to the young people. Prof. Studebaker's lectures 
on " Life As We Find It," were intensely interesting to all, and of 
vital .importance to -parents and teachers. His sermons on Sunday 
morning and lecture on Sunday afternoon were masterful and a fitting 
climax for the closing of a week spent in study and instruction 
along Bible lines— Olive M. Wheeler, Ottawa, Kans., Jan. 1. . 

Paint Creek church met in council Dec- 27. Officers for another 
year were chosen as follows: J. A. Strohm, eider; Minerva Strohm, 
"Messenger" agent; A. C. Buck, superintendent of Sunday-school; 
Curtiss Ruthrauff, Christian Workers' president. The work at this 
place is progressing. Some of the members expressed, themselves as 
thinking the outlook was the most encouraging it had ever been.— 
Mrs. J. A. Strohm, Paint Creek, Kans., Jan. 5. 

Ramona church met in council Dec. 31, with Eld. E. F. Sherfy pre- 
siding. Officers for the coming year were electedt Bro. D. H. Heck- 
man, elder; J. H.- Saylor, clerk; Howard Button, Sunday-school su- 
perintendent; Sister Saylor, missionary superintendent; Blanche But- 
ton, primary superintendent, A Sunday-school Board was chosen, 
consisting of the pastor, superintendent, assistant superintendent, 
primary superintendent, secretary and treasurer. A program, gijtpn 
by the Sunday-school on Christmas morning, was enjoyed by all. — 
Welcome Sondergard, Ramona, Kans., Jan. 3. 

Sabetha Sunday-school began the new year with a good attendance, 
wiih Bro. M. C. Kreitzcr, superintendent. Sunday evening the Junior 
Christian Workers' Society gave an interesting program, some of 
the Juniors being promoted to the Senior Department. Dec. 25 our 
Sunday-school gave an interesting Christmas program. Jan. 4 Bro. 
Roy Kistner delivered an interesting sermon on "The Open Door." 
The various churches of our town are holding a week of union 
prayer services and much interest is being manifested.— Mrs. John 
Heikcs. Sabetha, Kans., Jan, 6. 

Topeka church met in council Dee. 27, with Eld. C. J. Hooper pre- 
siding. He was unanimously, chosen to have the oversight of the 
church at this place. Bro. Arthur Stuart was 'chosen Sunday-school 
superintendent for the coming year. — Eva Symmes, Oakland, Kans., 
Jan. 4. 

West Wichita.— Our regular council was held Dec. 5, when the 
following officers were elected: Elder, Bro. M. J. Mishler; Sunday- 
school superintendent, Bro. E. E. Wade. We decided to spend $500 
on improvements on our church building, the work to begin at 
once. Our Sunday-school has grown so much during the past five 
months that we arc compelled to provide more room. Onr average 
attendance for September was 65; December, 105. Out of a member- 
ship of 70 we have from 40 to 55 at our midweek prayer service. We 
arc still without a permanent pastor. Bro. J. R-Wine is worthily 
filling the vacancy. Our Thanksgiving service was well attended 
and enjoyed by all. There was an all-day meeting, with dinner 
served in the church. An offering of $28.S0 was lifted. We have 
raised our first quarter's quota for the District Mission Board. Our 
church was never in a better working condition.— R. E. Egge, 
Wichita, Kans.. Jan. 4. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 17, 1920 


White Rock chur*ch met in council Dec. 27, with Eld. S. L. Myers 
presiding. Officers for the year were elected: Bro. Jacob Sloniker, 
elder; Sister frena Slmler, clerk, " Messenger " agent and corre-^ 
spondent. Two letters were received.— Irena Shuler, Love well, Kans., 
Jan. 2. 


Roanoke church met in council Jan. 3, with Bro. J. A. Miller pre- 
siding. Our election of officers resulted as follows: Bro. Miller, 
elder; Bro! R. M. Harris, superintendent; Bro. \V. L. Bowers, Chris- 
tian Workers' president; Sister Longanecker, clerk; Bro. G. H. Bow- 
ers, " Messenger" agent. Since our last writing, Bro. J. F. Hoke has 
moved from our midst to Union Bridge, Md., and Bro. E, E. Hcnning 
and family are moving to Springdale, Ark. Bro. E. E. Butson, who 
was elected to the deacon's office, some time ago, was installed at this 
time. A committee was appointed to gee if a pastor could be secured 
for the coming year. Bro. Miller will preach for us each night dur- 
ing this week, closing with a love feast on Saturday night.— Sue 
Bowers, Roanoke, La., Jan. 5. 


Pleasant View. — We held our yearly business meeting Jan. S and 
elected church officers for the year. Brethren Maurice Slifer and 
Wm, B. Guyton will be our representatives at the coming District 
Meeting. Our love feast will be held May 13, at 2 P. M. Our next 
series of meetings will begin August 1, conducted by Bro. Fred D. 
Anthony, of Baltimore, Md.— Mrs. J. S. Bowlus, Burkittsville, Md., 
Jan. 6. ■ . 

Westminster. — The Junior Christian Workers rendered a good pro- 
gram Doc. 28. The singing was especially good and a great credit to 
all" participating. Afterward Eld. Dicrdorff, of North Dakota, 
preached a very acceptable sermon to a large audience. Bro. Dicr- 
dorff also preached at the Meadow Branch house in the morning of 
the same day. Arrangements have been made for the Volunteer 
Mission Band of Blue Ridge College to render a missionary program 
in both country and town churches Jan. 11. — W, E. Roop, West- 
minster. Md., Jnn. 2. 


Borrien church held a scries of meetings at the Larger Hope church, 
Buchanan, Mich., which our members have rented indefinitely. Two 
were baptized. The meetings were conducted by the pastor, Bro. 
Price Umphlet, and the song services by Sister Naomi Swihart, of 
Bethany Bible School. We also enjoyed a very nice Christmas en- 
tertainment.— Julius C. Butler, Buchanan, Mich., Jan. 4. 

Homestead congregation met in council, with Eld. Roy Miller pre- 
siding. We elected Bro. Miller, elder; Bro. Jos. Raichard, superin- 
tendent; the writer, "Messenger" correspondent and solicitor. We 
also elected other church and Sunday-school officers for the coming 
year. We should like to hear from any minister who would be in- 
terested in this place.— Ray Sells, Benzonia, Mich., Jan. 1. 


Happy Hill church met in council Dec. 16, with Eld. G. W. Lentz 
presiding. Our Sunday-school was reorganized, with Bro. J. S. Mur- 
key, superintendent. Church officers were also elected: Trustees, 
Brethren J. S. Murkcy, Calvin Bashore and J. W. Bridgman; Bro. J. 
S. Murkey, clerk; the writer, correspondent.— Ola Jenkins, Rich Hill, 
Mo„ Dec. 31. 

Peace Valley church met in council Jan. 3, with Eld. T. A. Robin- 
son presiding. One letter was received, three were granted, and two 
have been received since the last report. All church, Sunday-school 
and Christian Workers' officers were elected for the ensuing year: 
Bro. H. J. Masters, Sunday-school superintendent; the writer, presi- 
dent of Christian Workers' Meeting.^Tillie Deidiker, Peace Valley, 
Mo., Jan. 5. 

Shoal Creek.— Bro. A. W. Adkins, District Sunday-school Secretary, 
preached for us Jan. 3. On Sunday morning we met for Sunday- 
school, after which we had the District Sunday-school Convention, 
in charge of Bro, Adkins. We had lunch at noon and then went 
on with the work. The topics were all ably discussed. We had a 
special missionary program on Suilday evening. An offering of $6.26 
was taken for the District Sunday-school work. The missionary 
program was in charge of our home missionary committee. — Virgie 
Argabriglit, Fairvicw, Mo., Jari, 5. 

Wakcnda. — We bad the great pleasure .of having with us one of 
the Gospel Teams from McPherson during the Christmas vacation. 
'The team consisted of Mr. and Mrs. Edw. Van Pelt, Gladys Edwards, 
Howard Engle, J. P. Prather and Henry Stover. They rendered 
three very interesting programs, consisting of songs, readings and 
short addresses on the general theme of Christian Education and 
Missions.— Mary Bowman, Hardin, Mo., Jan. 2. 


Beatrice church met in council Jan. 1. Officers were elected, with 
Bro. Edgar Rothrock, elder. Dec. 21 a Christmas program was ren- 
dered by the children of the Sunday-school, with a few of the older 
ones assisting. The work of the " Forward Movement " is being 
pushed in a very encouraging way. Renewed interest is shown 
•through the special study on the subject at our Christian Workers' 
Meetings— Pearl Reiff, Beatrice, Nebr., Jan. S. 

Omaha.— The First Church of the Brethren met in annual business 
council Dec. 31, and elected officers for the ensuing year. In the 
absence of our elder, Bro. L. L. Meek, of Octavia, Nebr., the writer 
presided over the meeting. Bro. L. L. Meek was reelected elder; J. 
W.-Rasp, Sunday-school superintendent; Bro. Earnie Brown, Chris- 
tian Workers' president. The writer was elected " Messenger " cor- 
respondent. The finances of the church and Sunday-school show a 
healthy condition, each having a neat balance on hand. This is a 
strenuous time for the pmaha church, as she is passing from a mis- 
sion point into an organized church, yet we feel very much encour- 
aged with present conditions and- the outlook for the future. The 
Christian Workers' Society has taken on new life and is jdanning 
great things for the future. After the close of the business meeting, 
refreshments were served in the basement of the church, and a 
number of the young people remained to witness "the passing of the 
okl year and the advent of the new year. All went home, feeling 
good over the year's work and the outlook for the new year. — W. W. 
Blough, Omaha, Nebr., Jan. 5. 

South Beatrice— At our members' meeting, Dec. 20, Bro. J. W. 
Gish was reelected elder; Bro. Arthur Miller, Sunday-school super- 
intendent; Sister Mary Heiny, primary superintendent. A very ap- 
propriate Christmas program was given by the Sunday-school Dec. 
21. The White Gift service was used, and an offering of $41.65 was 
lifted to help erect a school building in India. We started the new 
year by having 94 present at Sunday-school Jan. 4. A most helpful 
and impressive installation service for the officers and teachers was 
conducted by Bro. Ira Frantz, of Beattie, Kans.— Laura Wrightsman, 
Holmesville, Nebr., Jnn. 5. 


Bc-i tboM church met in council Dec. 27, with our pastor, Joseph D. 
Reish, presiding. Four letters were received. We decided that Bro, 
D. M. Shorb should be our elder, for another year. All the church 
officers were elected for another year and the Sunday-school of- 
ficers for the coming six months, with Sister Attha Mahugh, superin- 
tendent. The Sunday-school rendered a Christmas program Dec. 21, 
which was enjoyed by all. One of the most enjoyable phases of our 
church work is the weekly prayer meeting, which is held in the 
homes, thereby taking the meeting to a number who can not get out 
to our regular Sunday services.— Margaret M. Reish, Berthold, N. 
Dak., Jan. 5. 

Kenmare church met in council Dec. 28, with Eld. Michael in 
charge. Two letters of membership were granted. A missionary 
committee was elected, whose duty it is to keep the church posted 
on missionary activities and also to arrange programs. Another 
committee wag elected to secure a minister to hold a series of meet- 
ings some time in June. As this is our turn for the joint Sunday; 
school Convention, we hope to hold that and our love feast at the 
close of the meetings. Officers were elected for the coming year, 
with Bro. Ira Michael, elder. The different treasurers made good 
reports and we feel somewhat encouraged for the coming year.— 
Elsie Larsen, Bowbells, N. Dak., Dec. 31. 


East Dayton.— In our last report we stated that we would have 
our series of meetings in January. The time has been changed to the 
first Sunday in May.— Dacic Baldwin, Dayton, Ohio, Dec. 31. 

Eversole church met in council Dec. 4, with Eld. John Root in 
charge. Elders Henry Eby and J. O. Garst were also present. The 
latter is holding a series of revival meetings at this place. Four- 
have thus far been baptized. Five letters were granted and two re- 
ceived. Sunday-school officers were elected for the following year, 
with Harvey Landis, superintendent.— Mrs. Hattie Priser, New Leb- 
anon. Ohio, Dec. 25. 

Loramie.— Eld. Chas. L. Flory, who has been acting as our pastor 
for the last eight months,_ dosed his labors with us Dec. 28, to take 
up work elsewhere. Our ministerial committee, of which Bro. U. R. 
McCorkle, Sidney, Ohio, is chairman, is endeavoring to get in touch 
with some brother who will act as pastor, either on partial support 
or to come and preach for us two Sundays in each month. Our 
regular members' meeting was held Dec. 13, and officers for the com- 
ing year were elected: Paul McCorkle, "Messenger" agent; the 
writer, church clerk and correspondent. The auditing, financial and 
ministerial committees were retained for another year. An offering 
of $15 was sent to Chicago as a Thanksgiving offering.— Earl F, Hel- 
man, Sidney, Ohio, Jan. 7. 

Maple Grove.— Nov. 30 we met in a Thanksgiving service, when 
Bro. H. H. Helman preached for us. At the close an offering of 
$56.15 was taken for home missions. Christmas Day the children 
gave a very interesting program, after which each'child was treated 
to candy. We also sent a box to the Chicago missions. Our average 
attendance for 1919 was 84; average collection, $3.18.— Mrs. C. L. 
Bowerize, Ashland, Ohio, Jan. 5. 

Marble Furnace.— We reorganized our Sunday-school Dec. 28. Bro. 
Van B. Wright conducted the organization and installation services. 
Bro. Homer C. Haynes was chosen superintendent. A committee 
was appointed to confer with classes in reference to teachers, which 
was also done at this time. We are looking forward to a meeting 
in May, by Bro. R. N. Leatherman, of Cincinnati. We are encouraged 
by the upward look of the church here. We have preaching services 
on the second and fourth Sundays of each month.— L. C, Ramsey, 
Peebles, Ohio, Jan. 2. 

Notice to the Churches of Northwestern Ohio.— Those who have not 
sent their quota for the support of the Old Folks' Home, will please 
send it to writer.— J. M. Miller. Treasurer, Lima, Ohio, Jan. 3. 

Painter Creek.— Dec. 26 Bro. J. E. Miller, our Sunday School Editor, 
gave us an illustrated lecture on relief work in the Near East. Dec. 
27 Bro. Claybaugh and some of the Volunteer Mission Band were at 
the Red "River house and gave an illustrated lecture on conditions 
in Chicago. On the following day they gave a lecture at the Painter 
Creek house. The Mission Band also gave a program. Jan. 4 we 
reorganized our Sunday-school at Painter Creek. We had promo- 
tion exercises, also installation services for the teachers and officers, 
conducted by Bro. Lawrence Kreider.— Martha Minnich, Greenville, 
Ohio, Jan. 5. 

Pleasant Hill church met in special members' meeting Deo. 26. In 
harmony with the " Five-Year Forward Movement," a standard or 
goal was adopted for our congregation for 1920. A unanimous call 
was given to our pastor to remain for another year and he accepted. 
Two were restored to membership. A Christmas program was given 
by pupils of our Sunday-school. Dec. 20 and 21 Bro. Claybaugh, and 
several student volunteers, gave illustrated lectures and talks on 
missions, which were instructive and appreciated. Jan. 4 installation 
services for all Sunday-school teachers and officers were held. We 
are having a prayer meeting each Thursday, in connection with the 
teachers' meeting. The Week of Prayer, Jan. 4-11, was observed in 
homes of shut-ins. We are receiving a series of sermons on the 
" Awakened Church " by our pastor.— Mary West, Pleasant Hill, Ohio, 
Jan. 6. 

Reading. — Since our last report Bro. Irvin and wife have located in 
our midst, and efforts are being made" to start our work in the New 
Year toward the goal of the " Five-Year Forward Movement." Each 
Sunday, after the lesson period, a story is given by some one to the 
children, which is enjoyed by all. Dec. 21 Dr. Camden Cobern talked 
on ." The Good Samaritan." He gave seven lectures during the 
week in neighboring churches. Words cannot express our appreci- 
ation to Dr. Cobern for giving his time in our rural community. 
Officers for the coming year have been elected: Sunday-school su- 
perintendent, Bro. Brinton Stoll; president of Christian Workers, 
Bro. Earl Reese. Report of scholars in attendance during the year: 
Three received diplomas; thirty received the fifth year seals; forty- 
one were present forty-eight Sundays. One has been received by 
baptism since the last report. — Rena Heestand, Moultrie, Ohio, Jan. 1. 

Rush Creek church enjoyed a pleasant council Dec. 27. We elected 
church and Sunday-school officers .for the ensuing year. We will 
meet Jan. 6 "to decide on a pastor for another year. Mrs. Levi Stoner 
was elected corresponding secretary for the coming year. — Mrs. E. 
.B. Bagwell, Bremen, Ohio, Dec. 31. 

Strait Creek congregation held a love feast Jan. I, with Bro. R. N. 
Leatherman, of Cincinnati, Ohio, officiating. Services were also held 
in the forenoon. One was baptized Jan. 2. We are glad for the 
help our neighboring brethren and sisters can bring to us. About 
twenty-five were present, and, considering the inclement weather, we 
had* a very good representation.— S. R. Sctty, Sinking Spring, Ohio, 
Jan. 2. 

Trotwood church met in council Dec. 31, with Eld. D. M. Garver 
presiding. Visiting brethren present were Henry Eby and Parker 
Filbrun. Two letters were received and two were granted. Bro. 
Thos. E. Karns was elected Sunday-school superintendent; Sister 
Miriam Garver, church correspondent; Bro. Clifford Weeks, "Mes- 
senger" agent; Eld. D. M. Garver, pastor.— Martha A. Coffman, 
Trotwood, Ohio, Jan. 2. 

West Milton.— Jan. 1 our church met in council, with Bro. Blessing 
presiding. A number of the minor officers of the church were duly 
elected for the year. Jan. 4 special consecration services were held 
on behalf of the officers and teachers of the Sunday-school. Bro. J. 
W. Rogers, of Laura, Ohio, delivered a very appropriate sermon and 
the exercises were concluded by Bro. S. A. Blessing.— J. Henry Sho- 
walter, West Milton, Ohio, Jan. 5. 


Guthrie.— Jan. 4, through the earnest efforts of Bro. Ray Wagoner, 
seven united with the church by baptism and one was reclaimed. The 
Guthrie church has been very fortunate in securing Bro. Wagoner 
as their pastor, and his efforts in this revival have been a success. 
We have received three by letter since our last report.— M. A. Nin- 
ingcr, Guthrie, Ok! a., Jan. 6. 


Mabel congregation met in council Dec. 27, to elect officers for the 
coming year. The writer presided. The following were elected: 
Clerk, Mrs. H. H. Rittcr; temperance, Laura Adams; "Messenger" 
agent and correspondent, the writer; Sunday-school superintendent, 
Laura Adams; Sisters' Aid President. Mary E. Ritter. The Sunday- 
school gave $40 for Armenian Relief Nov. 30, and the church gave 
$1<) Dec, 27 for the General Mission work. We are only a small band 
of fifteen members, scattered in location. Some are thirty miles 
from the place of services, yet we try to do what we can.— H. H. 
Ritter, Mabel, Oregon, Dec. 31. 

Portland.— Dec. 24 the Sunday-school pupils rendered a mosr excel- 
lent Christmas program. The service consisted of special songs, 
recitations, class exercises and congregational singing. Sister Ruth 
Pratt gave a beautiful and fitting address of welcome. Each one 
present received a treat from the Sunday-school. The Young Peo- 
ple's Class decorated the room for the occasion, and much credit is 
due them. The beautiful tree, which so forcibly taught the lessons 
of life and growth, was most impressive. Bro. G. C. Carl used this 
thought of the tree for his sermon the following Sunday and the 
application was indeed fitting.— Grace W. Hewitt, Portland, Oregon, 
Dec. 28. 

Williams church met in council Dec. 27, with Eld. M. C Lmlnger, 
of Ashland, presiding. Officers for 1920 are: Bro, Lininger, elder; 
Sister Alice S. Christllcb, church correspondent and "Messenger" 

agent; Bro. Wm. Carl, Sunday-school superintendent. We are hop- 
ing to organize a church in Grants Pass in 1920. Any one desiring 
to change location, for a milder climate, and wishing information 
concerning this country, may correspond with the writer.— Alice S. 
Christlieb, Grants Pass, Oregon, Jan. I. 


Albright church met in council Dec. 21, with Bro. Chas. Garver 
presiding. The following officers were elected for the coming year- 
Bro. M. R. Brumbaugh, elder; Bro. Chas. L. Feather, secretary. Jan. 
3 Bro. Samuel Keagarise, of Maria, delivered three very interesting 
sermons on "The Fulfillment of Prophecy." Our Sunday-school of- 
ficers were elected Dec. 21, with Bro. Chas. Feather, superintendent. 
All teachers and other officers have been elected and the work is 
progressing with prospects of a very prosperous year.— Scott John- 
son, Roaring Spring, Pa., Jan. 5 

Beachdale church met in council Dec. 28, electing the following of- 
ficers for the coming year: Clerk, Bro. J. H. Hentz; the writer, cor- 
responding secretary. The committee appointed to secure a pastor, 
to succeed Bro. Waltz, has not been able to find one. Brother and 
Sister Waltz consented to stay with us a few months longer until 
their place can be filled. Bro. Waltz's service, rendered so faithfully 
to the church, was very much appreciated and we regret to have 
them leave us. Dec. 21 the Sunday-school rendered a Christmas pro- 
gram, which was largely attended. The secondary division class 
and organized class No. 2 presented Bro. Waltz with $19.-Mrs. Fred 
Brant, Garrett, Pa., Jan. 4. 

Bethany.-Nov. 23 Bro. John P. Harris, of the Saxton church, 
Bedtord Co., gave us a very good message both morning and evening 
Nov. 30 Bro. Slaughter, a member of the Germantown church, 
preached for us, and one came forward at the invitation. We held our 
fall love feast Nov. 27, with a large number of communicants pres- 
n -ethren Swigart, Koons and Gar-man were with us. The spirit 
ry good. The wide field for service at Bethany 
— — ».— "">. without a regular pastor. Our future is bright, but 
we need a leader with a personal touch and a deep interest in this 
field.— Wm. Kirkman, Philadelphia, Pa., Jan. S. 

Brothers valley congregation met in council at the Pike house Jan 
1, with Eld. D. K. Clapper presiding. We had very encouraging re- 
ports from our Sunday-schools, Aid Society, etc. The election of 
officers for 1920 resulted as follows: Elder in charge, Bro. D. K. Clap- 
per; pastor, Bro. L. S. Knepper; superintendents for the Pike Sun- 
day-school, B. B. Dickey and Ralph Shober; for Rayman, E S 

- -~ck. We have decided to offer three scholarships, of $100 each. 

of the meeting \ 


in our church schools to worthy young members preparing for mis- 
sionary work. One scholarship has been accepted by Bro. Geo. 
Griffith, of Meyersdale. We have decided to use the Sower envelope 
system for 1920. Our spring love feast will be held at the Pike house 
May 30, with one week's meetings previous. This is the first year 
we have had a pastor and we are looking forward with much en- 
couragement. Bro. Clapper preached four inspiring sermons at our 
different houses.— J. C. Reiman, Berlin, Pa., Jan. 3. 

East 'Petersburg church met in council Dec. 17 at the Salunga house 
with Eld. A. S. Hottenstein in charge. He was reelected elder for 
another year. Eld. Nathan Fahnestock, of Manheim, and Eld. H B 
Yoder, of Lancaster, were also present. A building committee was 
appointed to form plans for the remodeling of the Salunga house and 
Bro. Harry Graybill was chosen a3 a member on the Missionary Com- 
mittee.— Phares J. Forney, East Petersburg, Pa., Jan. 5. 
wk- k L '^ k Sun . da y- scho0 ' S a ve a Christmas program Dec. 21— the 
White Gift service. The program was interspersed with an anthem, 
several octettes and additional music by the chorus. The gifts pre- 
sented by the different classes, totaling $57.70, were distributed to the 
India Orphanage, India Boarding-school. World-wide Missions French 
Orphan Fund and the home poor fund. The Sunday-school' decided 
to give a $50 scholarship to Juniata College. Our Sunday-school 
officers and teachers have been elected for the new year with Bro 
Lloyd Vought, superintendent. Two received teacher-training diplo- 
mas.— Mary Myers Waltz, Elk Lick, Pa., Jan. 1. 

Fredericksburg church met in council at the Union house Dec 13 
with Eld. E. M. Wenger presiding, assisted by Eld. Jacob Long- 
eneckcr, of the Spring Creek congregation. Two certificates were 
granted Dec. 7 a scries of meetings was begun at the Meyer house, 
with Eld. Jacob Longcnecker, of Palmyra, evangelist. He preached 
very strong and uplifting sermons. On account of the severe cold 
weather and the condition of the roads, the meetings were discon- 
tinued. We expect to hold a series of meetings in the Mt. Nebo 
house some time during the winter.— Annis B. Wenger, Fredericks- 
burg, Pa., Jan. 2. 

Hatfield congregation met in council Dec. 27, with Eld. Wm B 
Fretz presiding. Four letters were received. A special offering was 
lifted in behalf of an aged sister. We also want to lift a special 
offering in the near future for the sufferers in the war-stricken coun- 
tries. The treasurers of our two Sunday-schools gave favorable 
reports. Sunday-school officers were elected as follows: For Hatfield, 
superintendent, the writer; for Lansdale, superintendent, Wm. G. 
Nice.— J. Herman Rosenberger, Souderton, Pa., Dec. 30. 

Johnstown (Walnut Grove).— The Christmas exercises were held 
Dec. 21 and the children of the different departments rendered a very 
interesting program. We had our installation service Dec. 28. Bro. 
J. H. Cassady, of Huntingdon, Pa., gave an excellent address to the 
Sunday-school and church officers. In the evening our pasror gave 
us an illustrated missionary sermon, which was much appreciated. 
Our China missionary, Bro. Samuel Bowman, keeps in touch with us 
by letter and with interesting curios. Recently we received a beau- 
tiful Chinese wall motto. A number of the Mission Study Class 
have lately received seals. A teacher-training seal course class in 
church history has just completed its work. At our late council 
Bro. Horst, our pastor, was elected presiding elder for the coming 
year. Sister Horst was chosen "Messenger" correspondent.— Eliza- 
beth W. Howe, Johnstown, Pa., Dec. 31. 

Lewistown congregation met in council Nov. 20, with Eld. S. J. 
Swigart presiding. Officers were elected for the year, with Bro. S. J. 
Swigart, elder; Bro. Banks Boist, superintendent of Sunday-school; 
Sister Blanch Wordling, president of Christian Workers' Meeting. 
Our pastor, Bro. II. B, Heisey, is doing splendid work here and his 
labors are much appreciated.— Mrs. H. A. Spanogle, Lewistown, Pa., 

Ligonior— Dec. 25 we enjoyed one of the best Christmas programs 
ever given here. There were solos, duets, quartettes and recitations. 
Bro. M. J. Brougher gave the closing address. The offering amounted 
to $19. and the Sunday-school gave $6, making our Christmas offering 
for India $25. Dec. 28 we had special song service, which was very 
interesting. Sister Arta Miller is our Sunday-school superintendent 
for this year, and Miriam Wolford. Christian Workers' president. 
Jan. 4 Bro. Wm. Wolford talked on the " Forward Movement." That 
same evening the church was discovered to be on fire, but by 
prompt action the blaze was soon extinguished. The damage was 
light and we all feel thankful that we still have oar churchhouse.— 
Opal Wolford Leonard, Ligonier, Pa., Jan. 5. 

Lost Creek.— Jan. 1 we met in council at the Good Will house. 
Bro. Samuel Burns was elected Sunday-school superintendent. Our 
elder, Bro. Geo. Strawser, was reelected for another year. Bro. John 
E. Rowland was elected delegate to Annual Conference. He was also 
retained as pastor for another year. Bro. Rowland closed a very 
busy year. Aside from regular church duties he held four series 
of meetings in our congregation. During the past year twenty-seven 
were added to the church by baptism, and a number by letter. Two 
of our Sunday-schools are continuing daring the winter, with good 
interest and attendance. The Ladies' Aid Society of the Good Will 
house is increasing in interest and membership, with Sister Rowland, 
President. The members of the Free Spring house organised a 
Christian Workers' Meeting for the special benefit of the young 
members.— Isaac P. Bashorc, McAlisterville, Pa., Jan. 6, 

Maple Spring.— We organized our Sunday-school with Brethren 
Galen Blough and H. A. Rummell, superintendents. Two of our or- 
ganized classes have taken a fifty dollar share in the India stations. 
Dec. 21 Brother and Sister H. S. Randolph, of Mt. Morris, HI., came 
to hold a Bible Institute. We had three sessions each day. Sister 
Randolph gave one period each day on the social teachings of Jesus, 
(Continued on Page 48) 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGEK^-January 17, 1920 


(Continued from Page 43) 

labor with the good people of the Empire State, I was 
loath to leave. I formed many new acquaintances, 
which added to my spiritual strength, giving me renewed 
encouragement for the work. 

While in the midst of the revival, we were favored by 
the presence of our dear brother, I. W. Taylor, Chairman 
of the District Mission Board, and also elder of the Lake 
Ridge congregation, of which this mission is a part. 
Bro. David Kilhefner, Treasurer of the Board, was also 
with us. Both gave every assurance of their willingness 
to support the work. Everything points to a mighty 
work here, and Freeville will soon have a strong congre- 
gation of the Church of the Brethren. A Sunday-school 
is now being organized. A midweek Bible Class is being 
conducted by Brethren A. D. Bowman and F. L. Baker. 
This gives much added strength to the work, and more 
especially does it fortify those that have just come in. 
One needs only to visit the prayer meetings at this place 
to be convinced of the spiritual atmosphere. 

Eastern Pennsylvania need no longer cry for oppor- 
tunity. It is at their door, crying, "Give us the needed 
attention. Hear us; the harvest has already ripened." 

At present many of the western people are coming east, 
and among them are some of our members. The well- 
improved farms, at exceedingly low prices, have caused 
this great migration to the East. Any one wishing to 
locate in the great Empire State will do well to corre- 
spond with Bro. F. L. Baker, of Freeville, N. Y. 

Van Buren, Ind. J- L. Mahon. 

m * ■ 

Herewith is a list of our aged brethren that served in 
the office of elder or bishop for over thirty-four years, 
thus far. 

PLEASE NOTE.— Immediately following each elder's name and resi- 
dence .ill be found: (1) Number of year* in the eldership. «> Num- 
ber of year, in the ministry. (3) His age. <*> Number of times he 
served on Standing Committee. 


s and Address of Elder 

David E. Price, Beatrice. Nebr 

John F. Eikenberry. Greene, Iowa 

Solomon Bucklew, Morgantown, w. Va., . 

Solomon Z. Sharp, Fruita, Colo 

Daniel D. Sell, Piatt sbuig, Mo^ 

Andrew Hutchison, La Verne, Cam 

J. P. Moomaw. Williams. Or.gon. 

James A. Sell, Hollidaysburg, Pa. 

L J. Rosenberger, Greenvdle, Ohio, 

Geo. Barnhart, Carthage, Mo., 

Jacob A. Murray, Memphis, Teon 

Stephen Johnson, Spokane, Wash. 

Edmund Forney, La Verne. Calif 

John P. Ulery, Pyrmont, ind. 

Z. Annon, Thornton, W. Va. 

Henry Brobaker, Bolmesville, Nebr , 

Daniel Bowman, Dillons Mills, Va., 

Jeremiah Beeghly, Markleysburg, Pa., ... 
J. C Witmore, Fostoria, Ohio 

iohn A. Root, Ozawkie, Kans 
laniel B. Gibbon, Girard, Dl 

David Bowman, Empire, Calif 

S. A. Honberger, Wichita, Kane 

J. H. Moore, Sebring, Fla. 

Levi H. Dickey. Fostoria, Ohio 

Daniel Chambers, Uiddleion, Mich. 

Daniel Whitmer, North Liberty, Ind., .. 

B. B. Whitmer, Norwich. Kans. 

Wm. Peters, Maurertown, Va 

G. A. Shamberger, Oroville. Wash. 

J, P. Hetric, Pottstown, Pa. 

John Mellinger, Ramoaa, Kans., 

Noah Longanecker, Hartville, Ohio 

John H. Wright, North Manchester, lad., 

Wm. R. Harshbarger, Ladoga, Ind 

L, D. Caldwell, Mathias, W. Va., 

H. M- Griffith, Brommett, N. C. 

Joel Sherfy, Saluda, N. C 

Isaiah J. Howard, Hartford City, Ind., .. 

E. K. Hochstetler, Sand Patch, Pa. 

W. H. H. Sawyer, Morrill, Kans 

Jesse Stutsman, Arcanum, Ohio 

Wm. Davis, 

Dorsey Hodgden, Dayton, Ohio, 

9. M. Goughnour, Ankeny, Iowa, 

Samuel Leckrone, Silveriake, Ind 

Jacob Witmore, McPhcrson, Kans 

J. C. Murray, North Manchester, ind., 

Samuel Youncc, Clarion. Mich 

Abel Killingaworth, Collins, Mo., 

Frank P. Cassel, Lansdalt. Pa. 

Jacob Cripe, Galveston, Ind., 

Wm. Johnson, Wichita, Kana 

Samuel Driver, Lima, Ohio 

W. G. Cook, Billings, Okla 

P. E. Whitmer, Ottawa, Kans 

Henry Li High, Mulberry Grove, 111., .. 

Frederick Fesler, Anderson, ind., 

J. H. Jellison, Vincennes, Ind 

Perry McKimmey, Beaverton, Micb., .. 
Lewis W. Teeter, Hagersiown. Ind., ... 

L. T. HolsingeT, Brethren, MicIl, 

Samuel R. Zug, Palmyra, Pa., 

S. B. SbJrky, Norborne, Mo 

S. H. Miller, Sunnysidc, Wash., 

J. E. Ellenberger, Edinburg, Texas 

Henry Ikenberry, Wirtz. Va 

John T. Cosner, Bismarck. W. Va 

D. B. Barnhart, Overbrook, Kans 

A. F. Pnrsely, Buchanan. Vs. 

the homes 155 articles of bedding and clothing. Amount in treasury, 
$12.23; in bank, $100. Officers: President, Ada Mock; Vice-President, 
Sallie Garber; Secretary -Treasurer, Ida Bigler; Assistant, the writer; 
Superintendent of work, Anna Cripe; Assistant, Mary Kuhn; Sales- 
woman, Ella Kreager — Mrs, Eva Hamman, Cromwell, Ind., Jan. 2. 

NAFPANEE, IND.— Report of Aid Society for 1919: Number of meet- 
ings, 22 half-day and 1 all-day session; enrollment, 31; total attend- 
ance, 273; average, 8; total membership fees, $68.20; donations, $19.03. 
Received for articles sold and for sewing done, $28.75. We made 3 
comforts, 2 quilts, pieced S comfort-tops. Wc sold 16 sun-bonnete, 11 
prayer- coverings, 25 aprons and other articles. We donated clothing, 
valued at $10, and $11 in cash to the Chicago Mission; $50 to the 
Lafayette Steele Sunday-school Endowment Fund; 1 comfort, valued 
at $5, to the Old Folks' Home, Mexico, Ind.; $S to a sister. To the 
members of our city wc gave clothing; flowers and fruit for the sick 
and shut-ins. We did sewing free of charge for a number of our 
mothers. We purchased a sewing-table for our Aid room for $3.75; 
gave $28 to the Forward Movement Fund. Our receipts for the year 
were $152.53; expenditures, $150.23; carried over from last year, $62.70; 
balance, $31.57. Officers: President, Nettie Lehman; Vice-President, 
Angcline Peters; Secretary -Treasurer, Rosa Miller; Assistant, Ida 
Shively; Superintendent, Anne Pfeiffer; Assistant, Etta Brown.— Net- 
tie Lehman, Nappanee, Ind., Jan. 5. 

OLATHE, KANS.— Report of Sisters' Aid Society for 1919: We held 
19 meetings; total attendance, 123; average, 6; visitors, 10. Dona- 
tions, 82.60. The time was spent in quilting and sewing for the mis- 
sion. We sent $10 for mission work; $8.90 for Child Rescue Work; 
total receipts, $46.53; expenditures, $40.36. Sister Katie Riffey was re- 
elected President; Sister Elsie Redinger, Secretary.— Edith Meador, 
Olathe, Kans., Jan. 1. 

PYRMONT, IND.— Report of Sisters* Aid Society for 1919: Number 
of meetings held, 21; average attendance, 12; we held 3 all-day meet- 
ings and 18 half-day meetings. We served 5 sale dinners, made 6 
quilts and 4 comforts; 27 prayer-veils and clothing. Receipts, $177.40; 
expenditures, $87.81; balance, $89.59. We gave $10 to O. F. Helm, 
Georgia; $10 to a sister at Mexico, Ind.; $10 to District Secretary; $15 
and one comfort to Chicago, to be used for the poor; a box of cloth- 
ing to the Orphans' Home, Mexico, Ind.; a comforter was sent to a 
poor family; $20 to District Secretary for the Forward Movement 
Fund; $22.81 for material. Officers: President, Barbara A. Ulery; 
Vice-President, Lizzie BoswortH; Superintendent, Katie Wagoner; As- 
sistant, Mary Leibert; Secretary, the writer; Treasurer, Annie Stuart. 
—Eliza Flora, Pyrmont, Ind., Dec. 29. 

RUMMEL, PA.— Our Sisters' Aid Society met 32 times during the 
year, with an average attendance of 8. Our work was as follows: 79 
sun-bonnets, 1 dress-bonnet, 24 quilts, 71 prayer-coverings, 3 com- 
forts, 163 aprons and other garments. Donations during the year: 
Miscellaneous articles; 1 quilt, 1 barrel and box of clothing; $127.05, 
in which is included the papering of the parsonage; total received 
during the year, $347.06; expended, $255.38; balance, $102.46. Our So- 
ciety pledged itself to give $300 for the building of an orphanage in 
India and a hospital in China. Officers: Frances Knavel, President; 
Sister Eph. Statler, Vice-President; Ellen Statler, Superintendent; 
Belle Penrod, Assistant; Secretary -Treasurer, Nettie Holsinger.— 
Mrs. J. E. Murphy, Rummel, Pa., Jan. 1. 

SELMA, VA— Report of Aid Society for 1919: We have an enroll- 
ment of 17, with an average attendance of 8. We held 12 meetings. 
We made sun-bonnets, aprons, caps, comforts and pillow-tops. We 
had a pie supper and sold ice cream. We paid on a church note $160 
and gave $10 to the church. We have in the treasury about $30.— 
Mrs. Olivia Warlitner, Selma, Va., Dec 28. 

SUMMIT, VA.— Report of Sisters' Aid Society of the Summit church 
for 1919: 12 meetings were held, with an average attendance of 10 
members and 3 visitors. Amount on hand Jan. 1, 1919, $54.17; re- 
ceived in free-will offerings, $32.30; birthday offerings, $11.62; absent 
fees, $3.60; Easter offering, $17.65; lunches at 2 sales, $79.09; white 
sale and supper, $82.62; prayer-veils, $20.73; other articles sold, $22.50; 
total, $324.28. Expenditures: Quinter Memorial Hospital, $10; General 
Secretary, 25 cents; for education of native worker in India, $25; 
blinds for Glade church, $11.82; Orphans' Home at Timberville, $10; 
Conference, $10; for furnishing a bed in hospital at Ping Ting Chou. 
China, $50; clothing for a poor child, $1.50; Old Folks* Home at 
Timberville, $5; miscellaneous, $84.15; total, $207.72; balance, $116.56. 
Officers: President, Sister Mattie Wise; Vice-President, Sister Lu- 
cretia Plecker; Secretary-Treasurer, Sister Mattie V. Craun; Assist- 
ant, the writer.— Eva M. Craun, Bridgewater, Va., Jan. 2. 

UDELL, IOWA.— Fairview Aid Society held 16 meetings, with an 
average attendance of 5. Our work consisted of making quilts and 
comforters, aprons, bonnets and prayer-coverings, and serving lunch 
at three sales. Amount on hand, Jan. 1, 1919, $4.30; total taken in dur- 
ing the year, $162.71. We sent a box of clothing to the Ottumwa Mis- 
sion; $25 to India Famine Relief; "Messenger" to 10 families; pur* 
chased a church clock; total expended, $121.48; balance, $45.53. Of- 
ficers: Ruth Ogden, President; Ola Tarrence, Vice-President; the 
writer. Secretary -Treasurer. — Sadie Whisler, Udell, Iowa. 


** Blessed are the dead which die In the Lord " 

EHzabethtown, Pa. 

Edgar M. Hoffer. 


CROMWELL, IND.— Report of the Tippecanoe Aid Sosiety for 1919: 
We held 29 meetings, 8 all-day and 21 kalf-day; 2 days we donated 
work. Members on roll, 59; members present, 231; average attend- 
ance, 9; helpers, 49; average attendance, 3; collections, $29.69. Articles 
told, $31.33; sale dinners, $118; custom work, 75 cents; interest on $25, 
$1; expenses, $46.73; charity work, $42.50. We sent to Douglas Park 
Mission a box of eatables, bedding, clothing and money to the 
amount of $78.80; also gave away 62 articles of clothing. We cared 
for a French orphan for 1919, and will do the tame in 1920. Confer- 
ence offering at Winona Lake, $5; $20 to a mute child; $2 for " Mes- 
senger " (or a brother; we sent a six-pound roll of pictures to China; 
9 dresses and quilt-blocks to India. We made at Aid Society and In 


Marriage notices should be accompanied by 50 cents 

Please note that the fifty cents required for the publication of a 
marriage notice may be applied to a three months " Gospel Mes- 
senger subscription for the newly-married couple. Request should 
be made when the notice is sent, and full address given. 

Aikens- Jones.— By the undersigned, at the Plum Creek parsonage, 
Dec. 29, 1919, Labana Truman Aikens and Lula Elizabeth Jones, both 
of Tarcntum, Pa.— A. B. Replogle, Shelocta, Pa. 

Bttkcllwupt-Wcbh.— By the undersigned at the parsonage, Jan, 1, 
1920, Brother Chas. A. Beckelhaupt, of Toledo, Ohio, and Sister Hattie 
E. Webb, of Bradner, Ohio.— Lester Heisey, Mansfield, Ohio. 

Bowman-Miller.— By the writer, at the home of John Andes, Mc- 
pherson, Kane., Nov. 21, 1919, Brother Earl Bowman, of Prescott, 
Mich., and Sister Leah Miller, of Alvo, Nebr.— Ellis M. Studebaker, 
McPherson, Kans. 

Charles -Evans .—By the undersigned, Dec. 25, 1919, at the residence 
of the bride's parents, Mr. and Mrs. Jacob Evans, Mr. O. K. Charles 
and Sister Violet P. Evans, both of Los Angeles, Calif.— G. H. Bashqr, 
Glendora, Calif. 

Hartrmin- Miller.— At the residence of the bride, by Bro. J. B. Mil- 
ler, Dec. 18, 1919, Mr. Joseph H. Hartman, of Martinsburg, Pa., and 
Sister Ruth Pearl Miller, of Curryvillc, Pa.— Alice M. Baker, Curry- 
ville. Pa. 

Haynes-Yard— Kcm-Haynes.— By the undersigned, Dec. 24, 1919, at 
his home, Bro. Heber Haynes and Miss Ida May Yard; also Brother 
Waller W. Kern and Sister Inez Haynes, all of near Garrett, Ind. — 
Eld. J. H. Urey, Corunna, Ind. 

Mohkr-Sult. By the undersigned, Dec. 14, 1919, at the home of the 
bride's parents, Brother and Sister A. Suit, Colorado Springs, Colo., 
Brother Reuben S. Mohler and Sister Emma Finley .Suit, both of 
Colorado Springs, Colo.— H. F. Crist, Colorado Springs, Colo. 

Splllings-Studebaker.— At the home of the bride. New Carlisle, 
Ohio, by the writer, Dec. 3, 1919, Glen H. Spillings and Veronica M. 
Studebaker.— J. Howard Eidemiller, New Carlisle, Ohio. 

Wright-Topp.— By the undersigned at the home of the bride's 
parents, Mr. and Mrs. John Topp, of Grace City, N. Dak., Dec. 14, 
1919, Bro. Lester S. Wright and Dorothy E. Topp, both of Grace 
City, N. Dak.— D. M. Shorb, Minot, N. Dak. 

Yohn-Hale.— By the undersigned, at the home of the groom's sis- 
tsr, Mrs. Wm. Haugcr, of Monticello, Minn., Dec. 24, 1919, Brother 
Clarence H. Yohn, of North Manchester, Ind., and Sister Ora K, Hale 
of Tekoa, Wash.— A. J. Nickey, Monticello, Minn. 

Younklna-Bowser.— By the undersigned, at the home of the bride's 
parents, Dec. 4, 1919, Orraan E. Younkins and Belle Bowser, both of 
Kittanning, Pa.— A. B. Replogle, Shelocta, Pa. 

Anderson, Samantha J., nee Livermore, born in Washington Coun- 
ty. Iowa, died at her son's home, in Rocky Ford, Colo,, Dec. 26, 1919, 
aged 79 years, 1 month and 6 days. She married Hamilton J. Ander- 
son in 1856. Nine children were born to this union, of whom three, 
with Her husband, preceded her. She united with the Methodist 
church at the age of fifteen, but with her husband later identified 
herself with the Presbyterian church. Services by the undersigned, 
assisted by Rev. Rufus Keyser, pastor of the Baptist church. The 
body was taken to her old home at Blithesdale, Mo., for burial.— A. 
G. Crosswhite, Rocky Ford, Colo. 

Babylon, Bro. Uriah J., died at the home of Bro. Geo. W. Morning- 
star, in Westminster, Md„ of heart disease, Dec. 19, 1919, aged 70 
years, 3 months and 13 days. He leaves four sons and two daughters. 
Services ,in the Meadow Branch church by Bro. J. W. Thomas and 
the writer. Interment in adjoining cemetery.— W. E. Roop, West- 
minster, Md. 

Beanblossom, Margaret Ellen, nee Young, born in Illinois, died at 
her home, near Thomas, Okla., Nov. 9, 1919, aged 74 years, 4 months 
and 8 days. She married Bro. W. S. Beanblossom in 1872, and united 
with the Church of the Brethren soon afterward. To this union were 
bom nine children, four of whom preceded her. She is survived by 
her husband, one son and four daughters. Services at the Brethren 
church by Eld. J. Appleman,— F. E. Marchand, Thomas, Okla. 

Burgard, Michael S., died at his home near East Berlin, Pa., of 
pneumonia, Nov. 29, 1919, aged 69 years, 9 months and 3 days. He 
leaves his wife, two daughters and three sons. Burial in the Mum- 
mert cemetery. Services in the Mummert meetinghouse by Brethren 
C. L. Baker and C. C. Brown.— Nellie I. Kreider, East Berlin, Pa. 

Coffman, Sister Nancy, nee Sniteman, died in the bounds ot the 
English River congregation, Dec. 16, 1919, aged 67 years, 3 months and 
26 days. She married Thos. E. Coffman in 1875. To this union were 
born six children. She united with the Church of the Brethren early 
in life. Services at the English River church by the writer. Inter- 
ment in the cemetery near by.— J. D. Brower, South English, Iowa. 

Dunkel, Sister Anna, nee Varner, died at her home near Dcepwater. 
Mo., Dec. 27, 1919, aged 63 years, 4 months and 27 days. She married 
Bro. Isaac Dunkel in 1879. To this union five children were born. 
She leaves her husband and four children. Services at Tayes Chapel 
by Eld. T. J. Simmons. Interment in the cemetery near by.— Mary 
K. Simmons, Osceola, Mo. 

Early, Bro. Daniel, died at his home, near Harrisonburg, Va., Nov. 
18, 1919, from heart trouble and other complications, following an 
attack of " flu " last May, aged 64 years and 10 months. Bro. Early 
served the church as deacon for a number of years. He is survived 
by his wife, four daughters and one son. Services were held from 
the home by Bro. Ernest Coffman and Eld. J. M. Kagey. Interment 
at the Pike Mennonite church.— S. I. Bowman, Harrisonburg, Va. 

Eavy, Sister Mary, died in the bounds of the Barren Ridge con- 
gregation, Va., of Bright's disease, Dec. 17, 1919, aged 55 years, 8 
months and 1 day. She united with the church early in life. She 
leaves her husband, two sons and two daughters. Services at Barren 
Ridge by Bro. C. E. Long. Interment in the cemetery near by.— J. 
W. Crickenberger, Waynesboro, Va. 

F.uverard, Henry, son of Fredrick and Catharine Euverard, born in 
Flatrun, Ohio, died near Hollowtown, of heart failure, Dec. 7, 1919, 
aged 55 years, 9 months and 9 days. He married Miss Annie Beltz, 
who survives with one daughter. He became a member of the 
Church of the Brethren more than twenty years ago. Services at the 
home of his son-in-law by Eld. R. C. Davidson.— Druzella Davidson, 
Lynchburg, Ohio. 

■ Feiser, Mrs. Alice, nee Altland, died at her home in Hanover, Pa., 
Nov. 3, 1919, aged 36 years and 1 day. She was a member of the 
Lutheran church. She leaves her husband, one daughter and sev- 
eral brothers and sisters. Burial at the Mummert meetinghouse. 
Services by Rev. Geo. Nicely and Eld. C. L. Baker.— Fannie I. 
Kreider, East Berlin, Pa. 

Felker, Sister Alice, wife of Bro. Willoughby Felker, born in Wash- 
ington County, Md., died at her home, Mt. Morris, III., Dec. 27, 1919, 
aged 73 years, 11 months and 5 days. She was the daughter of Henry 
and Catharine Butterbaugh. She was the mother of five children, all 
of whom are living except the youngest, who died a little over a year 
ago. Sister Felker joined the Church of the Brethren fifty years ago 
last June and lived a life of earnest, devoted service. Services by 
Eld. P. E. McCune, assisted by Geo. Kabele, of the Lutheran church. 
—Nelson E. Shirk, Mt. Morris, 111. 

Funk, Isaiah, died in Trout Run Valley, W. Va., Jan. 9, 1919, aged 
35 years, 8 months and 23 days. He was a member of the Church of 
the Brethren for about eighteen months, before which time he was a 
member of the Lutheran church. He is survived by his wife and five 
children. Services at Sugar Grove church, W. Va., Oct. 17, 1919, by., 
the writer.— J. Wm. Harpine, Mt, Jackson, Va. 

Fyock, Sister Mary, died Dec, 26, 1919, aged 47 years, 6 months and 
19 days. She is survived by her mother, one brother and four sis- 
ters. Services were held at her home by her pastor. Interment wa» 
made in the Greenville cemetery, Indiana County. — Mrs. A, B, Rep- 
logle, Shelocta, Pa. 

Caiman, Bro. Wm. H., died at his home near Westminster, Md., 
Nov. 5, 1919, aged 62 years. He bore his long, lingering illnesB with 
groat Christian fortitude. He was one of the oldest deacons of the 
Meadow Branch congregation and always faithful in the duties of 
his office. He leaves his wife, two sons, six daughters, and one 
brother. Services in the Meadow Branch church by Elders J. J. John 
and J. W. Thomas. Interment in adjoining cemetery. — W. E. Roop, 
Westminster, Md. 

Gordon; Sister Lizzie, nee Berkebilc, wife of Andrew Gordon, died 
at her home near Hclixville, Dec. 6, 1919, aged 52 years, 10 months and 
17 days. Services by Bro. T. B. Mickel, assisted by G.- H. Miller.— 
Carrie V. Smith, Spring Hope, Pa. 

Halterman, Sister Hannah C, died Dec. 26, 1919, aged 87 yeara, 11 
months and 24 days. Services by the writer, assisted by Bro. W, E. 
Kohnc.— S. W. See, Mathias, W. Va. 

Heitr.chew, Rayford Wonder, son of Harry W. and Christena M. 
Hcttschcw, born Jan. 14, 1919, died Dec. 26, 1919, aged 11 months and 
12 days— Mrs. J. E. Murphy, Windber, Pa. 

Hilkey, Sister Eliza, died of paralysis, Dec. 3, 1919, aged 64 years, 4 
months and 11 days. Slit was a member of the Church of the Breth- 
ren for about fifty years. She leaves two brothers. Services by Bro. 
B. W. Smith at the home. Interment in home cemetery. — Laura M. 
Baker, Laurel Dale, W. Va. 

Huddle, John D., died at his home in the bounds of the Barren 
Ridge congregation, of a complication of diseases, Dec. 27, 1919, aged 
74 years, 1 month and 12 days. He united with the church early in 
life. His wife survives. Services by Eld. Geo. A. Phillips, assisted 
by Bro. N. W. Coffman. Interment in the Mennonite cemetery at 
Madrid. — J. W, Crickenberger, Waynesboro, Va. 

Jacobs, Bro. Emanuel K., died in the bounds of the Pleasant Hill 
congregation, of heart failure, Dec. 30, 1919, aged 65 years and 28 
days. Services at the North Codorus church by Eld. D. B. Hohf and 
E, S. Miller. Burial in the adjoining cemetery. — Amanda K. Miller, 
Spring Grove, Pa. 

Keeny, Roland Daniel, infant son of Brother and Sister Jacob H. 
Keeny, died in the bounds of the Pleasant Hill congregation, Dec. 27, 
1919. Services at North Codorus house by Eld. D. B. Hohf and H. R. 
Miller. Burial in adjoining cemetery.— Amanda K. Miller, Spring 
Grove, Pa. 

Keith, Mary O., nee Walker, born in Floyd County, June 1, I8S7. 
She married Eld. J. F. Keith in 1879. To this union were born seven 
sons and one daughter, who, with the father and eight grandchildren, 
survive. She died of heart failure Dec. 16, 1919, aged 62 years, 6 
months and 16 days. She became a member of the Church of the 
Brethren in 1B86 and lived a true, devoted Christian life. Services 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGEK^January 17, 1920 


in t lie home church by Elders ; 
Wickham. Burial in the Christli 
Christian a burg, Va. 

Kincade, Win. Harvey, born in Ol 
within the bounda of the Tippccai 
years, 6 months and 25 days. Hi 
I860. To this union nine children i 
with the mothCi 

S. Miller, Christian Naff and John 
sburg cemetery.— Mrs. W. F. Keith, 

hio, died near North Webster, Ind., 
ioc church, Dec. 28, 1919, aged 80 
: married Margaret McClintic in 
M'li; bom, of whom i 
of the Brethren 


; by the writer in the Tippecanoe church. Interment in the Mc- 
,tic cemetery— M. H. Geyer, Milford, Ind. 

Legg, George Taylor, died s 
22, 1919, at the age of 65 year 
in Nicholas County, W, Va. 
the age of seven years; then 
years. Ill 1879 he was unite 
To this union were born fou 
sons have passed on before, 
taken into their home and 

t his home in Garden City, Kans„ Dec. 
s, 7 months and 25 days. He was born 
He was left without a mother's care at 
without a father at the age of fourteen 
d in marriage to Miss Malissa Corns. 
r sons and one daughter. Two of the 
Beside their own children, they have 
eared four others, and have now two 
grandchildren to keep. He had recently moved to this city from 
Illinois. lie - was attacked by pneumonia that in one week proved 
fatal. He had united with the Church of the Brethren thirty-two 
years ago, and was a faithful member to his death. Services at the 
Church of the Brethren by the writer, assisted by Bro. S. E. Weaver. 
' Burial in the Valley View cemetery of this place.— H. D. Michael, 
Garden City, Kans. 

McDonald, Manuel, died at a hospital in New York City, Nov, 17, 
1919, of tuberculosis, aged about 70 years. He was a sailor and was on 
the open seas for many years. The body was brought by his son-in- 
law, Mr. Paul Altland, to the Mummcrt cemetery for burial. Serv- 
ices by Eld. C. L. Baker.— Fannie I. Kreider, East Berlin, Pa. 

Oakman, Sister Elizabeth Burgard, born near Astoria, III., died at 
her home near Colchester, 111., Dec. 20, 1919, aged 55 years, 3 months 
and 17 days. She married Henry Oakman in 1885. To them were horn 
two sons and one daughter. Sister Oakman was a member of the 
Church of the Brethren. Services at the Camp Creek church by Bro. 
S. S, Blough. Interment at Mt. Auburn cemetery at- Colchester, 
husband and children survive; also one grandson and five 



, Colchester, III. 
n, nee Neff, wife of Bro. Geo. Olinger, died at 
:sville, Ohio, Nov. 15, 1919, aged 87 years. She 
h of the Brethren at the age of nineteen and 
She is survived by her husband, one son, a 
me sister. Services at the union church, in 
Edw. Shepfer, assisted by Bro. S. M. Miller, of 
Interment in the Shanes ville cemetery. — Mrs. 

brothers - 

Olinger, Sister Sus£ 
their home near Shar 
united with the Chur 
lived a faithful life. 
foster-daughter and 
Sugar Creek, by Bro. 
the Mennonitc faith. 
Nettie Fair, Baltic, Ohio. 

Price, Sister Lydia, nee Boos, wife of Warren H. Price, of Souder- 
ton, Pa„ died of tuberculosis, Oct. 22, 1919, aged 43 years. The hus- 
band, four sons and four daughters survive. One son and one 
daughter preceded her. Services at the Indian Creek church by 
Brethren Wm. B. Fretz, David N. Cassel and Wm. M. Dclp. Inter- 
ment in the adjoining cemetery.— J. Herman Rosenberger, Souder- 
ton, Pa. 

Rigglc, Catherine, was born in Jackson Township, Elkhart County, 
Oct. 20, 1838. She was the daughter of Adam and Susan Whitehead. 
She was united in marriage with John L. Rigglc, Sept. 8, 1855: She 
died Nov. 30, 1919. Mrs. Riggle had six sisters and two brothers, all 
of whom preceded her in death. After the marriage of Mr. and Mrs. 
Riggle, they moved to a cabin on their farm in Jefferson Township, 
where they lived as the pioneers of their time. Their forest home 
subsequently became one of the most valuable farms in the county. 
Four daughters and one son were born -to them. One daughter died 
in infancy. Mrs. Riggle had five grandchildren and four great-grand- 
children. Mrs. Riggle was a life-long member of the Church of the 
Brethren, and when her health permitted was regular in church 
attendance, She was a kind and helpful neighbor and was known 
throughout the neighborhood for her kindness and charity. Inter- 
ment in the Oak Ridge cemetery, Goshen, Ind. Services conducted by 
the writer.— Hiram Forney, Goshen, Ind. 

Seachman, Sister Mabel B., nee Wolover, wife of Chas. A. Seach- 
man, died at her home in North York, Dec. 4, 1919, aged 33 years, 7 
months and 15 days. Death was due to typhoid fever. She is survived 
by her husband and one son. She was a very faithful member of the 
church for about twelve years. Services at her home by Eld. J. A. 
Long, assisted by Bro. L. Elmer Leas. Interment in Windsor union 
cemetery.— Alice K. Trimmer, York, Pa. 

Sheets, Sister Susau Elizabeth, nee Bridges, died of heart failure, 
Dec. 24, 1919, aged 76 years, lp-months and 1 day. She was the wife 
of Bro. Leaudcr Sheets. She united with the Church of the Brethren 
many years ago and lived true to the churcl! of her choice. An 
adopted son preceded her. She leaves her husband and a daughter- 
in-law. Services at Lebanon by Bro. P. F, Cline, assisted by Bro. 
Paul Bowman.— Lila B. Wine, Mt. Sidney, Va. 

Simon, Earl B., son of Mr. and Mrs. John T. Simon, died Dec. 2, 
1919, aged 18 years, 1 month and 14 days. Death was due to acute 
indigestion and heart trouble. He is survived by his parents and 
two brothers. He had attended the Brethren Sunday-school for a 
number of years. Services at the home by Eld. Daniel Bowser, as- 
sisted by Bro. John E. Rowland. Interment in the Glen Rock ceme- 
tery—Alice K. Trimmer, York, Pa. 

Snider, Rachel Delilah, daughter of John and Catharine Roberts, 
born in Muskingum County, Ohio, died Dec. 23, 1919, aged 80 years, 8 
months and 18 days. She married Geo. S. Snider in 1862. To this 
union were born ten children, three of whom preceded her. The fa- 
ther, seven children, thirty-four grandchildren and sixteen great- 
grandchildren survive. She united with the church more than fifty 
years ago and has ever since been a faithful member.— Minnie M. 
Snider, Lima, Ohio. 

Spitzer, Sister Maty Ellen, died at the home of her daughter, Dec. 
17. 1919, aged 71 years, 6 months and 14 days. Death was due to a 
complication of diseases. In youth she united with the Church of the 
Brethren and lived faithful until death. She leaves her husband, five 
sons, three daughters, one brother and one sister. Services at the 
Greenmount church by Bro. P. I. Garber, assisted by Bro. I. W. Mil- 
ler. Interment in the Greenmount cemetery.— Annie Miller, Har- 
risonburg, Va. 

Sprecher, Alydia Ann, born in Washington' County, Md., died at her 
home, Mt. Morris, 111., Dec. 20, 1919, aged 80 years, 11 months and 28 
days. She married John Sprecher in 1857. Ten children were born to 
them, nine of whom are living. Her husband died a number of years 
ago. Sister Sprecher has been a devout Christian— a member of the 
Christian church until three years ago, when ahe united with the 
Church of the Brethren. Services by Eld. M. M. Sherrick.— Nelson 
E. Shirk. Mt. Morris, 111. 

Weaver, Sister Lydia, died at the home of her son, near Paradise, 
Pa., Oct. 8. 1919, aged 76 years, 10 months and 5 days. She was a 
member of the Church of the Brethren for many years. Her husband, 
David Weaver, died a few years ago. She leaves two daughters and 
one son. Burial at the Hampton meetinghouse, hear Hampton, Pa. 
Services by Eld. C. L. Baker and Bro. Michael Markey.— Nellie I. 
Kreider, East Berlin, Pa. 

Wheelbarger, Sister Martha Susan, nee Minnich, wife of Bro. Chas. 
Whcelbarger, died in the bounds of the Sangerville congregation, of a 
complication of diseases, Dec. 7, 1919, aged 33 years, 10 months and 1 
day. She united with the church early in life and during her illness 
called for the anointing service. Besides her husband and small 
daughter, she' leaves a father and four sisters. Services at the 
Branch church by A. L. Miller. Interment in the cemetery near by.— 
Meda G. Argenbright, Bridgewater, Va. 

Wright, Sister Orpha Ellen, nee Maysi 
County, Md., died at the home of her sc 

double pneumonia, Dec. 24, 1919, aged 74 years, 7 months and 6 days. 
She married Chas. Wright in 1861. To this union were born five 
children, three of whom, with her husband, preceded her. She leaves 
two sons, twelve grandchildren and six great-grandchildren. She 
united with the Church of the Brethren at San Mar, Md.. in 1871, and 
has been a consistent member ever since. Services at Brookville 
by Eld. J. W. Fidler. Interment in the Twin Valley cemetery.— 
Cory Dieht, Brookville, Ohio. 

born in Washington 
Morrow, Ohio, of 


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By D. L. Miller 

This book is the literary result of a two years' 
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Many and varied lands 
were visited for the 
writer traveled a dis- 
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Official Organ of the Church of the Brethren 

Published weekly by Brethren Publishing House, R. E. Arnold, Gen- 
eral Manager, U to 24 S. State St., Elgin, 111., at $2.00 per annum, in 
advance. (Canada subscriptions fifty cents extra.) 

D 3U M11XER. Editor EDWARD FRAXTZ, Office Editor 

L. A. PLATE, Assistant Editor 

Entered at the Postoffice at Elgin. Ill,, as Second-dnss Matter. 
Acceptance for mailing at special rate of posmiro provided for to 
section 1103, Act of Octob er 3, 1917, authorized August -'0, 1»1& 

Notes From Our Correspondents 

(Continued from Page 45) 
and two on New Testament studies on prayer. Bro. Randolph gave 
one period each day on Sunday-school problems one on study in 
Calatians and one on organization of church work. This was the 
first whole week of Bible study in the history of the Maple Spring 
chnrcfa and was a great opportunity to study the different phases 
of church work. The meetings were fairly well attended and we en- 
joyed the help which Brother and Sister Randolph gave ns.-Anna 
Rummell Kaufman, Hollsopple, Pa., Jan. 6. 

Mar*hcr*ek--We just closed a series of meetings, held at the 
Marshcreek house, with Bro. H. H. Nye. of Elitabethtown College, in 
charge The members were strengthened and built up and there were 
two applicants for baptism. We held our council in the Gettysburg 
hon«e on New Year's evening; We decided to hold two series of 
meetings during the summer, one at Mummasbnrg the fore part of 
August the other at the Friends Grove house. Our love feast at 
Marshcreek will be June 5 and 6, beginning at 2 P. M.-Ida M. 
Lightner. Gettysburg, Pa., Jan. 2. 

MorreUville.— Midwinter finds our work moving steadily onward. 
Onr Christmas program, rendered Dec. 21, gave prominence to the 
real significance of Christmas and was much enjoyed. Dec 28 Sun- 
day-school and church officers for the following year were especially 
remembered in a consecration service. " Vision " and " voluntary 
service" were the keywords of the message. Our council, on the 
evening of New Year's Day, considered some plans for better things 
this year. Jan. II Bro. S. P. Early, of Windber, Pa., will begin a 
revival in our church.— Mrs. C C. Sollenberger, Johnstown, Pa., 
Jan. 2. 

Mo-iham. — We held our quarterly business meeting Dec. 31, with 
Bro. D. F. Hoover presiding. The church decided to secure some one 
to give a series of lectures during the winter. Our Christmas service 
was held Dec. 21. We had a White Gift program, which was very 
good. All th* gifts will go to the Christian Home here in the city. — 
Mrs. M. S. Reiman, Johnstown, Pa., Jari. 3. 

New Enterprise.— We met in council Jan. 3. Bro. Yoder, our pastor, 
led the devotions. After some matters, pertaining to the welfare 
of the church, had been discussed, we decided to try the systematic 
record of the membership, in order to keep more fully in touch with 
each individual. Sunday-school officers were elected, with Bro. A, B 7 
Replogle, superintendent; Home Department, Sister Yoder; Cradle 
Roll, Sister Edna Snyder. Bro. Yoder, in his Sunday evening dis- 
courses, has begun a series from the Book of Daniel, thirteen in 
number, after which he takes up the study of parables. The attend- 
ance at midweek prayer meeting is increasing.— Margaret Replogle, 
New Enterprise, Pa., Jan. S. 

Norriatown.— The Men's Bible Class, having been given the privi- 
lege of holding watch night services, met with a goodly number of 
members and friends of the Sunday-school in their class room in 
the basement of the church. A pleasant social period was spent, and 
refreshments were served. Afterward all assembled in the audience 
room and an hour was spent in singing and prayer. Short addresses 
were given and special music rendered. Jan. 4 Bro. Hesse being 
absent, Bro. O. H. Yereman, who is soon to sail for India, delivered a 
beautiful sermon. In the evening he addressed the Christian Work- 
ers' Meeting and preached for us again. — J. Howard Ellis, Narristown, 
Pa., Jan. 5. 

Plum Creek.— We were very fortunate in having Bro. J. M. Blough 
with us for our love feast, at which time two of our Sunday-school 
boys were baptized. The Juniata College Volunteer Band was with 
ns recently and gave us a very interesting program. Dec. 13 the 
church met to elect officers for the coming year. Many of the old 
officers were reelected. Bro. Edgar Kimmel was reelected Sunday- 
school superintendent. Tuesday evening, Dec. 23, the Sunday-school 
gave a well-prepared Christmas program. We are planning for our 
Bible Institute here, the first part of February. — Mrs. A. B, Rep- 
logle, Sheloeta, Pa., Dec. 30. 

Viewmont. — Our Christian Workers have been reorganized, with Sis- 
ter Ruth Stntzmau, president. Bro. Galen B. Royer, of Huntingdon, 
was with us Dec. 7, to boost a missionary pledge of $100 that our 
delegate made at the Annual Conference. We went over the top 
with an offering of $143.25. Dec. 17 we had our council meeting to re- 
organize the work. Bro. M. C. Horst was elected elder for another 
year, and Bro. L, B. Harshharger, pastor. The writer was chosen 
"Messenger" agent. Dec. 23 we rendered our Christmas program, 
which was much enjoyed by all, especially the children. We had with 
ns Brother and Sister P. J. Blough. The latter told a Christmas 
story to the children, which was listened to with eagerness. Dec. 28 
we reorganized our Sunday-school, with Bro. A. L. Ruromel, superin- 
tendent. The same evening Bro. J. H. Cassady, of Huntingdon, con- 
ducted the installation services, which were very impressive. The 
outlook is encouraging and we anticipate great things for this 
church with our new organization.— Wm. H. Rommel, Johnstown, Pa., 
Jan. 7. 

West Johnstown.— Our Christmas program, rendered on Sunday 
evening, Dec. 21, principally by the children, reflected credit anon 
the program committee. Sisters Edith Livingston, Idabelle Lambert 
and Pay Hocbstein. The children were treated to candy and the 
adults received a nice Scripture text bookmark. Our "White Gift 
to the King" amounted to over $42 in money, besides donations of 
groceries and clothing, and was given to the Salvation Army and the 
Christian Home of our city. We met in council on New Year's even- 
ing to hear reports and reorganize for the year. All our treasuries 
showed substantial balances. This enabled is to pay $900 on our par- 
sonage. The Sisters' Aid Society also had a good year, and con- 
tributed liberally to the various causes of our church work. Bro. 
William Gilbert having resigned as trustee, Bro. H. E. Berkley was 
elected in bis place, and Bro. Allen Mishler was elected for five years; 
secretary, J. P. Coleman; financial secretary, J. J 1 . Mishler; corre- 
spondent, J. E. Blough; member on Financial Committee, R. N. 
Haynes; on Missionary Committee, Edith Livingston; on Temperance 
Committee, J. E. Blough; H. W. Lape, Daisy Gilbert and Edward 
Mossholder were elected a Child Rescue Committee. The Lookout 
and Evangelistic Committees will be appointed. We enter upon the 
New Year folly organized for effective work, and hope and pray for 
a great year for the Master.— Jerome E. Blough, 1309 Franklin 
Street, Johnstown, Pa., Jan. 2. 


Willow Creek church enjoyed a series of good lectures last fall by 
Capt. Wiard. We have planned to have another lecturer this coming 
year. Eld. L. H. Root and family, formerly of Mt. Morris, lit., are 
here with ns now, and we appreciate their help in the work. Our 
church council was held in December and the year's work planned. 
We also reorganized the Sunday-school, with Bro. Jas, Miller, super- 
intendent. Sister Ellen Harldson was reelected president of oar Aid 
Society. Christmas Eve we enjoyed a splendid program at the church. 
—Lizzie Tooker, Wetonka, S. Dak., Jan. 5. 


Besver Creek church met in council Jan. 3, with Bro. J. Henry 
Peterson, moderator. We decided to hold a revival some time in 
the near future and hope to secure Bro. A. M. Laugh nan ae evan- 
gelist. Jan. 4 we elected Sunday-school officers, with Bro. J. Vernon 
Soangler, superintendent.— Mrs. J. Vernon Spangler, Fountain City, 
Tenn., Jan. 5. 


Basic Mission met in council Dec. 27, with Eld. N. W. Coffman pre- 
siding. Elders R. Kindig and J. W. Wright were also with us. Of- 
ficers were elected for one year as follows: Bro. G. H. Craig, church 
clerk; J. A. Sampson, Sunday-school superintendent; J. W. Andes, 
president of Christian Workers' Meeting. We also elected three dea- 
cons: Brethren Henry Hildebrand, J. A. Sampson and J. W. Andes. 
They were all installed, except Sister Hildebrand, who was not pres- 
ent. Bro. R. Kindig preached a very interesting and instructive ser- 
mon for us on Sunday.— Mrs. G. H. Craig, Waynesboro, Va., Jan. S. 

Greenmount church met in council Dec. 27, to plan the work for 
the coming year. Eld. B. B. Miller presided. Three letters were re- 
ceived We decided to remodel our churchhouse, more fully to meet 
the needs of the Sunday-school. Bro. D. C. Myers was elected presi- 
dent of the Christian Workers' Society. At a former meeting, Bro. J. 
W. Myers was chosen superintendent of the Sunday-school. Dec. 28 
Dr. Paul Bowman, of Bridgewater College, preached an able sermon 
on the " Forward Movement," as it relates to education— Annie Mil- 
ler, Harrisonburg, Va., Dec. 31. 

Lebanon.— Christmas Day we enjoyed having Bro. Williard, of 
Bridgewater College, preach a practical sermon on " Christmas Op- 
portunity." On the following day. Dr. Paul Bowman began our Bible 
Institute. Dr. J. S. Flory was with us on Sunday. We were glad to 
have these brethren come with their Uplifting messages. We met 
in council Dec. 30. Elders S. D. Miller and P. J. Wenger were pres- 
ent and the former presided. Bro. J. L. Hnlvey was elected Sunday- 
school superintendent. A committee was appointed to secure a 
minister to conduct a series of meetings next August. Two letters 
were received and two were given.— Lila B. Wine, Mt. Sidney, Va., 
Dec. 31. 

Pleasant Valley (Second District).— Our church met* in council Dec. 
31, with Eld. S. D. Miller presiding. One letter was received and two 
were granted. Our Sunday -school superintendent for the year is 
Bro. B. F. Miller. Brethren H. G. Miller, Abram Thomas, M. A. 
Good and M- C. Miller, members of the Sunday School- Educational 
Board, were present and gave several good talks.— Ruth E. Wil- 
liams. Mt. Sidney, Va., Jan. 2. 

Pleasant Vfew.— Our Sunday-school held a Christmas service Dec. 
26, which was well attended. Dec. 28 we decided to continue our 
Sunday-school during the whole year. On the same Sunday we took 
an offering for the Armenians, which amounted to $80.— Mrs. J. Wm. 
Harpine, "Mt. Jackson, Va., Dec. 31. 

Roanoke.— Dec. 21 Bro. Cbas. Walton, of Illinois, preached for us 
on " The New Birth." In the evening a White Gift service was con- 
ducted by the Sunday- school. It was beautiful and impressive, and 
the whole school had a part in it. Twenty-five large baskets of food 
were collected, to be distributed among the poor, and nearly $100 in 
cash was given to buy fuel and food. On Christmas Day we had our 
ng service, with the pastor in charge. In the evening 

the Primary and Junior Departments rendered the Christmas pre 
gram. On the following evening~the Southeast Mission Sunday- 
school gave a splendid program. The songs by the children were 
particularly good. Bro. J. A. Hoover spent no little time in training 
them. Dec. 28 Brc. J. Allen Flora preached for us in the morning, 
and Bro. D. P. HyHon in the evening.— Mrs. John H. Shickel, Roan- . 
oke, Va„ Dec. 31. 

Sangerville church met in council Dec. 29, with our junior elder, 
Bro. M. G. Sanger, presiding. The meeting was called to consider 
the appointing of a Sunday-school Educational Board, as suggested 
by the District Board. The board includes an elder and the super- 
intendents of the three schools in the congregation: M. G. Sanger, 
S. L. Wine, A. G. Anderson, Oma Cupp, Stella Wine, J. W. Michael, 
J. S. Kiracofe, B. A. Zimmerman, Lula Zimmerman, C. A. Click, J. 
S. Wine, C. D. Sanger and A. J. Millar.— Meda G. Argenbright, 
Bridgewater, Va., Jan. 1. 

Troutville.— Dec. 25 an interesting Christmas program, consisting 
of recitations and special music, was rendered in the Troutville house 
to a large audience. Bro. W. M. Kahle, our pastor, gave a social 
at his residence to the older set of the young folks on the evening 
of Dec. 26. There were forty-nine present. Jan. 1 a committee met 
at the Trinity house to make an estimate of funds and materials 
for building more Sunday-school rooms. Troutville Sunday-school 
reorganized Jan. 4, with Bro. Arleigh Brilhart, superintendent. — 
Rachel Roop Layman, Troutville, Va., Jan. 5. 

Valley Bethel.— We met in council Dec. 20, with Eld. C. B. Gibbs 
presiding. Bro. N. W. Bussard was elected superintendent of the 
Sunday-school for 1920. Eld. C. B. Gibbs preached for us Christmas 
Day.— Raymond E. Bussard, Bolar, Va., Dec. 29. 


ForeBt Center church met in council Dec. 27, with Eld. W. H. 
Tigner presiding. Two letters were granted. The following officers 
were elected for one year: Bro. Tigner, elder; Bro. J. O. Snider, 
clerk; Bro. J. S. Vian, trustee; the writer, "Messenger" agent and 
correspondent. The teacher-training class has taken up its work 
again. The church is helping the class to get a library of good 
books. The work here is prospering through the untiring and 
earnest work of Bro. Tigner and wife. He has been preaching both 
morning and evening each Sunday for us this winter. The Sunday- 
school elected officers for the following six months, with Bro, T, E. 
Willey, superintendent. The school pledged itself to care for an 
Armenian orphan for one year, which requires $15 per month. The 
school gave $210 lor Armenian Relief Work in the past year, which 
is from an average enrollment of about 40.— Nora-A. Willey, Valley, 
Wash., Jan. 1. 

Tacoma. — At our council, Dec. 28, the following officers were elect- 
ed: Bro. E. Stanley Gregory, elder; Sister Jennie German, clerk; . 
Sister Nora Musser, "Messenger" agent and Sunday-school super- 
intendent.— Jon nie Garman, Tacoma, Wash., Jan. 5. 


Eglon congregation met for the thirteenth annual Bible Institute 
Dec. 25 to Jan. 1, with Eld. Ralph W. Schlosser, of filizabethtown, 
Pa., instructor and teacher. He had a period of thirty-five minutes, 
each forenoon, on the Book of First John, and another in the after- 
noon with a subject of his own selection. There were eleven students 
from Blue Ridge College here, who took an active part in the pro- 
gram. Other talks were given by members of this congregation. The 
children's part, consisting of recitations and exemises, came in the 
forenoon of each day, and the young people's in the afternoon. Jan. 1 
was a special prayer and missionary day for the Forward Movement 
in the home congregation. District and General Brotherhood, with a 
missionary sermon by" Bro. Schlosser, who preached each evening. 
Everybody became very much interested and therefore attended 
regularly.— Goldie Judy, Eglon, W. Va., Jan. 2. 

Harm an.— Some time ago our congregation enjoyed an interesting 
Rally Day program, delivered by the Sunday-school. Thanksgiving 
Day we met for services. Although we had no sermon, we enjoyed 
song, prayer and interesting talks. A thank-offering of $100.36 was 
taken and sent to the missionary board. Dec. 13 the congregation 
met in council, with Eld. Jonas Fike presiding. The Sunday-school 
was reorganized. Bro. Fike preaehed two very interesting sermona 
while in our midst.— Nettie Harraan, Harraan, W. Va., Jan. 2. 

The second semester of Bridgewater College 
will open on Monday, February 2. Courses 
will start in nearly all departments of the Col- 
lege and Academy. Young people who could 
not enter school last September will find this 
an opportune time. Catalog upon request. 

Bridgewater, Virginia. 



AiA.50 Worth of (hf <|H 

$111 Books for $J.LO 

If you are interested in getting books at. a great- 
ly reduced price, it will be to your interest to read 
this offer carefully. 

Instead of advancing the price on these books 
during these times of high prices, we are offering 
them to you at one-half of the regular price. 

These are all excellent books and in first class 
condition. No second-hand books. We desire to 
dispose of the remainder of our stock and will re- 
fund your money if stock is exhausted when your 
order is received. Please order early. 

By D. L. Miller 
This is one of the most interesting of Bro. Mil- 
ler's books. Bound in Sheep. Regular price, $2.50. 
By John T. Dale 
A book full of wise counsel, and you will find in it 
an article to fit almost any case. Helpful in prepar- 
ing addresses. Cloth, $1.50. 


By John T. Dale ■ 
Sketches and inci- 
dents taken from real 
life as the title indi- 
cates. Bound in cloth. 
Publisher's price, 

By Marshall Saunders 
If you are interest- 
ed in the ways of birds 
and animals you will 
like this book of al- 
most 300 pages. 
Bound in cloth. Pub- 
lisher's price, $1.25. 


This book will give inspiration and encourage- 
ment to its readers. 300 pages. Cloth. Regular 
price, $1.00. 


The object of this book i 
is to teach wisdom and 
morality ant, to correct ; 
social evils. A timely | 
book. Bound in cloth. 
Publisher's price, $1.25. 

By Emeline Goodrow 

A little book of poems 
sure to please children. 
Each poem is fully illus- 
trated. This book for- 
merly sold at 75c. 

By Prof. N. J. Miller 

This book is fully illustrated. Everyone interested 
in nature will find this exceedingly interesting. A 
comparatively new book that deserves a wide circu- 
lation. Bound in cloth. Price, $1.25. 


While our supply lasts we will offer these teven 
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Enclosed find for which send me the following 

books (check the ones wanted): 

Wanderings in Bible Lands. 

Finger Posts on Life's Highway. 

Flashlights From Real Life. 

Modern Fables and Parables. 

Biography of James M. Neff. 

Happy Hours in the Big Outdoors. 

My Pets. 

Playtime and Rest. 


Post office, 

Express Office 

Street or R. F. D.. 


The Gospel Messenger 

' THY KINGDOM COME "—M«t. 6. io ; Luk. 11 = 2 

. the stature of the 

Vol. 69 

Elgin, 111., January 24, 1920 

No. 4 

In Tliis Number 


A Parenthesis "on Soul Saving, ...; 49 

Is It a New Thing? 49 

The Holy Land and the Holy City (D. L. M.), 49 

Sherwood Eddy's Touchstones, 49 

The Quiet Hour : ; SS 

Among the Churches, ..._._ 56 

Around the World, 57 

Contributors' Forum— 

" He Giveth His Beloved Sleep."— Psa. 127: 2 (Poem). By Ida 

Kintner, SO 

Foolish Dressing— the Remedy. By H. C. Early, SO 

Some Problems. By J. H. Moore SO 

Theirs Is the Kingdom. By Paul Mohlcr, ' Si 

A Movement of Great Significance. By J. H. B. Williams, 51 

The World's Hope. By Ida M. Helm 52 

"The Hills." By J. Harman Stover, S2 

The Round Table— 

A Plea for Puritanism, By Olive A. Smith 54 

The Prayer of Faith. By Julia Graydon, 54 

Our Good Old World. By Eliza Pope Van Dyne, 54 

Values. By Daisy M. Moore 54 

The Judgment. By B. J. Bashor , 54 

The Bible Illustrated in Chinese Life. By Samuel Bowman 54 

Home and Family — 

To the Rescue (Poem). By B. F. M. Sours 58 

The Snarling Black Dog. By Elizabeth Rosenberger Blough, ...58 

The Holy Land and the Holy City 


A Parenthesis on Soul Saving 

Perhaps you had noticed that the great faith-chap- 
ter, like the great love-chapter, is a kind of extended 
parenthesis, illustrating and reenforcing the argument 
in the midst of which it is set. But had you con- 
sidered carefully what the argument is ? Or has your 
interest been completely absorbed in the wonderful 
parenthesis itself? 

The proposition is that " we are not of them that 
shrink back unto perdition, but of them that have 
faith unto the saving of the soul." We stick. We 
hold on. Our faith persists until our- salvation is per- 

It is an urgent plea for steadfast endurance in spite 
of the severest trials. But this is not a mere passive 
standing-still endurance. Follow up that " therefore " 
with which the argument is resumed. It is a race- 
running endurance. And it resists even unto blood. 

But keep your eyes on the main contention. We 
must not " shrink back." We must " have faith unto 
the saving of the soul." 

What sort of faith is this? And what sort of sal- 
vation ? Can't you feel 'your thought of these funda- 
mental concepts expand as you study that huge pile 
of illustrations whose accumulated bulk is hurled at 
the succeeding " therefore " ? 

The faith which is here commended is the livest 
thing in all the world. In its calm confidence it is like 
a quiet lake, but in its resistless energy it is like a 
mountain torrent. It presses steadily on. Nothing 
can withstand its impact. 

And the salvation which is the end of such a faith is 
the biggest thing in all the world. The highest good- 
ness, the sweetest fellowship, the top-notch of spiritual 
attainment is compassed in it. 

Oh that we knew what faith is! That we might 
learn thereby the meaning of salvation! 

Is It a New Thing? 

The Forward Movement isn't something new and 
different. It isn't a special money-raising campaign. 
It isn't something extra, something added to the normal 
activities of the church. It is a movement to practice 
some of the things we have been professing. It is 
simply the church making good. In one respect it is 
new. It calls for a new measure of interest, of conse- 
cration, of love. If that goes too hard with us, we 
may have to admit it js a new thing after all. 

Under the care of Divine Providence, the writer en- 
joyed the privilege of visiting Palestine six different 
times and on each visit some time was spent in the 
Holy City. Our first visit was made in 1884. It took 
in nearly a month's horseback riding and tenting in 
the Holy Land, in a careful study of the Land of the 
Book. The last visit was made in 1904. In the twenty 
years between the two dates, great changes had taken 
place. Railroads had been built and were in operation. 
Hotels were provided at Jericho, in the valley of the 
Jordan, and at other prominent places in the land. 
Then the estimated population of the Holy City was 
20,000. One-half were said to be Jews. In 1904 the 
estimated population of Jerusalem was 100,000, one- 
half of whom were said to be Jews. This estimate 
may have been too high. The Turks do not have a 
reliable plan for taking a census. In 1884 there were 
but few houses outside the walls, but on our last visit 
we found a new city built on the north, adjoining the 
walls of the old city. The new city is not walled. The 
changes are marvelous. 

Palestine, with Jerusalem as its capital, is the won- 
derland of the world. The prophets of old foretold 
many things about the land and the city. Hundreds 
of these prophecies have been fulfilled, and others are 
yet to be fulfilled. The study of these prophecies is 
simply a history of the land. Some of these proph- 
ecies are in the course of fulfillment now. 

One among the most remarkable prophecies, touch- 
ing Jerusalem, was the one made by Jesus when he 
foretold the destruction of the city. He approached 
the city from the Mount Olivet side, and when he 
reached a point where he could look over the entire 
city, he wept and said: "If thou hadst known, even 
thou, at least in this thy day, the things which belong 
to thy peace ! but now they are hid from thine eyes. 
For the days shall come upon thee, that thine enemies 
shall cast a trench about thee, and compass thee round, 
and keep thee in on every side, and shall lay thee even 
with the ground, and thy children within thee ; and they 
shall not leave in thee one stone upon another; because 
thou knewest not the time of thy visitation " (Luke 
19:, 42-44). 

The fulfillment of this remarkable prophecy is 
simply a matter of history. In A. D. 70, some forty 
years after the utterance of the prophecy, Titus, the 
great Roman general, afterward the Emperor of 
Rome, invaded Palestine, besieged Jerusalem, cast a 
trench about her, compassed her round on every side, 
took the city, laid her even with the ground, and left 
not one stone on another that was not thrown down. 
So literally was this prophecy fulfilled that the very 
foundation stones of Solomon's great Temple were 
overturned. And while the place where the Temple 
stood is well known, yet it has been impossible to 
locate the exact foundation of the Temple, because 
the Romans left not one stone on another. 

The prophet Jeremiah said : " Zion shall be plowed 
as a field; and Jerusalem shall become heaps, and the 
mountain of the house as the high places of a forest " 
(Jer. 26: 18). When these words were spoken, six 
hundred years before Christ, Mount Zion was covered 
with buildings, and yet it was the writer's privilege 
to see the Arab plowing Zion as a field, and barley 
could be seen growing on the slopes of the hill-side. 
And when the Temple stood on Mt. Moriah, the place 
became, when the Romans destroyed the city, as a 
high place in a forest. 

Another present fulfillment of a prophecy is seen in 
the following: " Behold the days come, saith the Lord, 
that the city shall be i built to the Lord from the tower 

of Hananeel unto the gate of the corner. ... It 
shall not be plucked up, nor thrown down any more 
forever. I will bring them again to this land : and I 
will build them, and not pull them down; and I will 
plant them and not pluck them up" (Jer. 24: 6; 31: 
38-40). A number of prophecies might be given, but 
these are forcible and clear. They are now in the 
course of fulfillment. 

The real fulfillment of these prophecies began liter- 
ally on Dec. 11, 1917, when the British general, E. H. 
Allenby, at the head of the British troops, marched 
into the city of Jerusalem, accomplishing the libera- 
tion of Palestine from Turkish dominion forever. 
The British Secretary of State addressed a note to 
Lord Rothschild, the leading Jew of Europe, saying 
officially that-" His Majesty's Government view with 
favor the establishment in Palestine of a national 
home for the Jewish people, and will use their best 
endeavors to facilitate the achievement of this object, 
it being clearly understood that nothing shall be done 
which may prejudice the civil and religious rights 
and political status enjoyed by Jews in other countries." 

This note is a clear indication of the establishment 
of a Jewish Republic in Jerusalem, and already the 
leading Zionists are moving in this direction. The 
Israelites will be planted in Palestine and never again 
be rooted up. 

The New York World has this to say about the 
Palestine of to day: " Palestine is a land where living 
is cheap, help abundant and intelligent, and where 
nobody worries about coal. You can rent a first-class 
stone house for a few hundred dollars a year, and have 
efficient household help for ten dollars a month. The 
land is under British rule and will likely remain so, 
and it is thus assured of law, order and progress. The 
Turk is gone forever. Under British rule there are 
no race riots, no crime waves, no political corruption 
or grafting. There are no vested interests and little 
likelihood that there ever will be any. It is a land 
undeveloped, with a great future, in the sense of op- 
portunities for all. There are no latest fashions in 
Palestine ; some of the styles now worn, were worn 
five thousand years ago." 

Lord Cromer, the great English statesman, who 
ruled for many years in Egypt, asks : " What shall we 
do with Palestine, this country liberated from the cen- 
tury-old Turkish grip? There can be but little doubt 
that we should revive the Jewish Palestine of old, and 
allow the Jews to realize their dreams of a Zion in their 
homeland. All the Jews will not return to Palestine, 
but many will. The Jews would at least have a home- 
land and a nationality of their own. The national 
dream that has sustained them for a score of cen- 
turies will have been fulfilled." And the prophecies 
given by their prophets, six centuries and more before 
Christ, will have been literally fulfilled. 

(Continued on Page 53) 

Sherwood Eddy's Touchstones 

Are you clean ?. Are you honest ? Are you unselfish ? 

Sherwood Eddy says these three questions are 
touchstones for testing your capacity for usefulness in 
contributing to either the international or social or 
spiritual salvation of the world. 

He means that unless you can say yes to these ques- 
tions, you are' not of much account anywhere. 

Right enough, isn't he? But why should such ques- 
tions be thrust into the face of Christians? Possibly 
you know of somebody who does need them. But be- 
ware of giving him a chance to hand any of them back 
to you. 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 24, 1920 


" He Giveth His Beloved Sleep." 
Psa. 127: 2 


veth his beloved sleep," 

A calm and dreamless rest, 
A rest unbroken, solemn, deep. 
Where foes can ne'er molest. 

Life's trials o'er, no more shall come 

The darkness of its fears, 
A glorious rest, an entrance home 

Where there are no more tears. 

All praise to him who knoweth best, 
Who doeth all things well, 

Who loveth all, who giveth rest. 
Whose praise all tongues shall tell. 

Foolish Dressing — The Remedy 


That there is foolishness in dress, even very great 
foolishness, no sane person will deny. Not only in 
" Ninety," but in religious circles and the church as 
'well it has grown into demoralizing proportions. The 
hour is here to signal the danger and to seek for relief. 

Modern dress has grown into a craze against reason, 
against good taste. It has become an enormous sin — 
sin against the individual, against society, against the 
nation, against the church, against God. Economy is 
lost sight of, and money is wasted — worse than wasted 
— and the wildest extravagance is practiced. Health 
is sacrificed, the hospitals are filled with sickly women, 
and the world with children ill-born. Decency is out- 
raged, modesty is spurned, all traces of simplicity are 

On the other hand, pride is fostered, vanity is pam- 
pered, the lower instincts are called into play, lust and 
passion are unbridled. The low-necked dress, with its 
undue exposure, sleeveless, with bared arms outstand- 
ing, the narrow skirt, scarcely allowing the natural 
step, and the short skirt, exposing the limbs half way 
to the knee, is a shock to modesty and common de- 
cency. It has been the beginning of the downward 
way for many a girl. A woman half covered, and 
form distinctly outlined, is an invitation to lust to the 
man of passion. If a woman would be virtuous and 
stand for the honor of purity in the life of the race, 
let her heed the behests of virtue in dress. Give 
modesty its place, and let the shame of nakedness be 
covered. Moral and social reforms have their begin- 
nings in the covering of the body according to the law 
of decency and propriety. And, certainly, the Christian 
church must lead in setting forth and maintaining such 

Let us seek the remedy. What is it? Is there one? 
It is easy to see wrongs, as a rule, but difficult to find the 
way of their correction. And yet every wrong condi- 
tion is an appeal to seek its remedy. And there is a 
remedy for every evil, if applied. Jesus gave it. It is 
oi universal application, equal to the needs of every 
soul, no matter how greatly steeped in sin. It applies 
with equal effect to the dress situation. -It lies in two 
things: First, life made alive to God and consecrated 
to him ; and, second, suitable activities for the develop- 
ment of the consecrated life. These two things. 

I^irst, the life. Ey nature we are dead to the 
spiritual life. The life of God must be born in the 
soul, by which it is renewed and transformed into the 
image of him who created it. We must be regenerated 
and born of God, for without regeneration we can 
neither see nor enter into the Kingdom of heaven. In 
the processes of regeneration the fife of God is born 
in the soul, and we become his children and heirs of 
the new life. In this, fundamentally speaking, lies 
the remedy for all moral and spiritual disorders. 

Whatever else may be said of life, all agree that it is 
an active principle. It asserts itself. It can not be 
suppressed. The conduct of a person is the outward 
expression of the life within. The inner determines 
and i ontrols ihe outer. Conduct can not be controlled 
from wiihout. The emphasis, therefore, must be laid 
upon the state of the heart. The heart must be born 

of God and made alive to the things of the Spirit. Re- 
generation can not be overemphasized. Many, it is to 
be feared, have been baptized without having under- 
gone regeneration. This explains the life of vanity 
and folly. We act in the things to which we are alive — 
not the things to which we are dead. If we would 
bear the fruits of the Spirit, we must be made alive to 
the things of the Spirit. 

Second, suitable activities for development. In the 
natural life we readily grasp the need of activity as a 
means of growth and development. The natural and 
spiritual' hold many points in likeness. Both embrace 
two distinct stages : the birth and growth stages. In 
both, growth is involuntary, but it depends upon condi- 
tions subject to the will. Without suitable food and 
activities the natural life dies; without suitable food 
and activities the spiritual life dies, and in its death 
it becomes alive to sin again. Birth, in both cases, may 
be normal, but for lack of suitable conditions to fol- 
low, as a means of growth and development, both die. 

The Commission, covering both stages of life, pro- 
vides that the people first be discipled, which means 
their birth into the Kingdom, and then that they be 
taught to observe all things commanded, which means 
the providing of conditions essential to growth. Here 
is the solution, and the only solution in the world. It 
has no substitute. 

Many young people become members of the church, 
and it is to be believed that they are born of God, but 
they are not provided with the conditions essential to 
growth. They receive next to no teaching in the home. 
They are not even taught to read and study the Bible, 
they are not in the Sunday-school, they are without 
pastoral care, they are charged with no active service, 
and is it any wonder that they pine away and die? Do 
you expect them to suppress the vigor of young life, 
and merely be good — passively good, as if they are 
without life? Well, that's not the way it is done. 
They must grow into spirituality or they grow into 
worldliness. That's certain. 

So, the remedy for worldhness, including vanity in 
dresSj and every other form of worldliness, lies in the 
consecration of life and its development in things 
spiritual. It's God's way. It's the only way. It is the 
only hope for simplicity and modesty. First, regen- 
eration of life, and then the new life made busy in its 
own development in service in the Kingdom of God. 
Here the emphasis must be placed. 

Conference decisions are powerless. You can not 
legislate people into goodness. The civil law, with" 
fearful penalties attached, shows what may be ex- 
pected of law, when its subjects are not alive to the 
principles for which the law stands; and those alive to 
its principles need no law. Our experience in the past, 
while one decision after another was passed against 
vanity and immodesty, if it teaches anything at all, 
must show the fruitlessness of law. Only grace can 
reach the heart. The appeal must be based on condi- 
tions within. ' 

The mere agitation of the question is also fruitless 
of good results. In the work of dress reform boards 
and clubs there is sometimes much that is no more 
than agitation, much, also, in the nature of burlesque 
and ridicule, some in the nature of a challenge, and 
much of the teaching — if teaching it may be called — 
that places the subject out of place in the scale of rela- 
tive values, all of which contributes to the defeat of 
what it is supposed to help. 

Penn Laird, Va. 

Some Problems 


An intelligent and a very devout elder and evangel- 
ist, a member of a District Mission Board, writes us, 
saying, that there "are at least three problems that must 
command special attention in his District, to say noth- 
ing of the problems in other parts of the Brotherhood. 
He says that the churches in the State where he has 
been working for some weeks, are well united — stand 
firm for the principles of the Brotherhood— but they, 
too, are up against these problems. We name the 
problems in the order given. 

First. The frequent changes made in the elders 
selected to preside over the. congregations, some of 

them holding an election each year. Often an elder is 
chosen for one year, and the next year the flock is 
turned over to another shepherd. He says that his ex- 
perience, as well as his observation, leads him to say 
that it takes fully six months for a newly-chosen elder 
to get thoroughly into the work, and the other six 
months are spent in planning to get out, or in prepar- 
ing to turn his flock over to another. In this he comes 
wonderfully near expressing the views of all elders of 
experience. In changing from the life tenure to the 
one-year charge, we have simply gone from one ex- 
treme to another, and that, too, very often, to the 
detriment of the flock. As a rule, both are objection- 
able. Churches have often "been ruined by the elder 
in charge hanging on too long. Then, on the other 
hand, churches are constantly kept unsettled because of 
too many elders following each other in rapid succes- 
sion. We should in some way reach the happy medium. 

Second. The same is true, in a large measure, in the 
pastorate question. A too -frequent change of shep- 
herds for the natural flock means a failure in the end. 
In a sense, this may be true of the spiritual household. 
A strong church may stand the annual change of pas- 
tors, but weak congregations can not be expected to 
put on much growth with too many leaders coming and 
going. It takes several months for the preacher to 
get the run of the work in a new field, and a little later 
on a few months are required to find another field, and 
to prepare to move. The waste of energy is enormous 
in the aggregate. Just how to conserve time, strength 
and energy, is a problem of itself. 

Third. Still another problem is what to do with the 
surplus, or unutilized ministers in a congregation, when 
a pastor is placed in charge, and is expected to do prac- 
tically all the preaching. In many congregations this 
is a big problem. It is sometimes put in this form: 
Several earnest ministers work hard, and make many 
sacrifices to build up a strong congregation. Finally 
the congregation grows strong enough to support a 
pastor, and one is installed. Now, what must be done 
with the earnest men who spent their time and money 
to build up the church? Must they be laid on the 
shelf? Or is there not some way of rendering honor 
to whom honor is due? Is there any way of giving 
them work? They might move into other new fields, 
and build up other churches, only to see them call and 
support pastors a little later on. But is this giving 
them a square deal ? Men who can build up churches 
might, with the right sort of training, be able to care 
for them. This is the way we look at secular matters, 
but, somehow, and for some reason, we view spiritual 
things from a different angle. 

But we are told that the most of our young people 
have enjoyed college training, and for that reason we 
must have more college men to fill our pulpits. These 
young people think — reason out things for themselves 
- — and they should have pastors able to help in directing 
their thinking. All of this is' true, and yet, while mak- 
ing much of the college preacher, we may not be 
making enough of the preacher who has secured his 
training outside of schools. To illustrate : One time 
Joseph Cook, the most noted scientific lecturer of his 
day, sat on the platform from which he was to speak. 
Hundreds filled the seats before him. By his side sat 
the president of a college. Mr. Cook was reading his 
audience, then, turning to the college president, he 
said: " Who is that man on the fourth seat back, and 
next to the aisle, on the right side?" He was told. 
Then came trie next question : " In what school was 
he educated?" "He," said the president, "was edu- 
cated out of school." To this answer Mr. Cook gave 
a gentle nod, and took another good look at the man in 
the fourth seat. The gifted lecturer was interested in 
the man who became a leader by leading. 

Might we not solve at least a part of this problem 
by giving more consideration to some of the men who, 
in spite of their scant schooling, have made themselves 
felt? There are hundreds of them, and if given half 
a chance they might measure up quite well with not a 
few of those whose college training has not been 
neglected. Then, if given a chance, these preachers 
might be induced to study the harder, to adopt better 
methods, and in this way made capable for efficient 
work in most communities. The mere fact that a man 

THE GOSPEL ME SSENGEIt— January 24, 1920 


is fifty years old, or even older, is no reason why he 
can not be trained for efficiency. The tendency is to 
discourage men of this type, and that may be one rea- 
son for so many vacant pulpits and an equal number 
of idle preachers. The scribe who can tell how further 
to train these preachers and how to get them into the 
vacant pulpits, should be classed with the men who 
have taught the farmer how to raise one hundred 
bushels of corn on the acre that formerly produced 
but sixty. On our desk is another letter, written by an 
up-to-date pastor of a college congregation to an old- 
time preacher, who now and then butchers the Queen's 
English in the pulpit, but never butchers the Gospel. 
Our up-to-date pastor urges the old-time minister to 
come to his congregation and give his people some 
meetings, and then he adds : " They need just what 
you can give them. They get plenty of the polished 
sermons from others. They need the plain old story 
told with power." 

Possibly this pastor is getting at the right thing. He 
is like the young man who, after spending years eating 
at fashionable hotels and eating-rooms, still longs for 
the old-time cooking like his mother used to do. Maybe 
we need more of these old,, plain Gospel stories, told 
with conviction and power. This we are saying with 
a view of paving the way for a greater use of the idle 
preacher, who is idle not because he was not called of 
God, not because he can not do a good work, but be- 
cause some of those who have the directing of affairs 
are not taking sufficient interest in that class of the 
Lord's workmen. Shall we set these earnest preach- 
ers aside? Or shall we find a place in the Master's 
vineyard for them? What say ye? 

Sebring, Fla. m m 

Theirs Is the Kingdom 


Without question, the greatest blessing in the 
world is citizenship in the Kingdom of heaven. To 
have Jesus as King, means to be absolutely sure of 
victory in every conflict, and protection against every 
enemy. To have his will as the law of one's life, means 
to be sure of the safety of every step, and an eternal 
reward for one's service. To be in the Kingdom is to 
have access to every blessing that the mind can con- 
ceive and that God can give. It is the open door to 
every privilege and every opportunity in 'righteous- 
ness. It is the assurance of the highest and purest love 
of which the human heart is capable. 

To be in the church and not in the Kingdom is to 
be a fish out of water, an alien in a foreign land, a 
guest without a wedding garment. It is such that 
make all the trouble and have most of the trouble in 
the church. These are the ones that lower both the 
spiritual and the moral tone of the church until men 
wonder if there is, indeed, a Kingdom of heaven on 

Are we in the Kingdom? How can we tell? What 
is the test? Can we afford to be careless here? I am 
sure we can not. Jesus gives several tests. He says : 
" Blessed are the poor in spirit, for theirs is the king- 
dom of heaven " (Matt. 5:3), and he repeats the idea 
in Matt. 18: 1-4. 

This is startlingly significant when we think of what 
.it means. If it means anything, it means that our be- 
ing in the Kingdom is dependent on our humility. It 
means that the man that thinks well of himself is not 
m the Kingdom ; the one that has more respect for his 
own ideas than for those of Christ or the church, is 
not in the Kingdom. The one that is determined to 
have his own way, without regard to those that have 
the rule over him in the church, is not in the Kingdom. 
The one that looks with contempt on those that have 
less education or intelligence than himself, is not in the 
Kingdom. The one that is at all proud of his wealth, 
culture, ability, achievements, personal power and in- 
fluence, family connections, or any real or fancied 
excellency, is not in the Kingdom. 

How shall we become poor in spirit? Isaiah be- 
came so when he saw the Lord in his vision. Peter 
became so when he saw the miraculous draught of 
fishes. The Queen of Sheba became so when she saw 
the wealth and wisdom of Solomon. We shall be- 
come so when we really see the righteousness of Christ 

and our own vileness in comparison. God help us to 
see his righteousness, to realize his power and wisdom, 
.and to imitate the humility of Christ. 

When we shall have become poor in spirit, we shall 
be just as distrustful of our own will and way as was 
Jesus. Remember that he said : " I came not to do 
mine own will, but the will of him that sent me." 
" Not my will, but thine be done." He spent hours on 
the mountain or in the desert, praying to God to know 
his will and to receive his power. When I see a man 
that thinks he never needs to pray for wisdom, I know 
that he is not poor in spirit. All humble men pray, and 
the more humble they are, the more they pray. The 
humble man has no confidence in himself, but has all 
confidence in God. 

Why do so many good people go wrong? Because 
they do not remain humble. Success spoils them. A 
certain teacher entered politics. He became a leading 
State official. On one occasion he visited his alma 
mater in company with other State officers. After 
dinner he passed around the cigars. A former pupil 
reminded him of his old-time antagonism to tobacco. 
He replied : " When you become a State official you 
can smoke too." Evidently he thought that his exalted 
rank gave him exalted privileges. He was no longer, 
if ever, poor in spirit. God keep us humble — poor in 
spirit ! 

Oroville, Wash. 

A Movement of Great Significance 


Doubtless one of the greatest Conferences, if not 
the greatest jn the history of Protestantism, is that 
which has just been held (Jan. 7-10, 1920) at Atlantic 
City, N. J., under the auspices of the Interchurch 
World Movement. -Nearly 1,700 delegates were pres- 
ent, from more than forty denominations of the United 
States, including some of the best known ministers, 
educators and laymen of our country. 

The purpose of this great gathering, called by the 
General Committee of the Movement, while purely ad- 
. visory, was to consider, and, if possible, agree upon, 
some great interdenominational program, extending 
over the period from Jan. 1, 1920, to Dec. 31, 1924, 
along lines which have been suggested to this Com- 
mittee during the year 1919, after careful study, much 
prayer and the knowledge gained through a great and 
partially-completed survey of the United States and 
the non-Christian world. 

The meeting began on Wednesday afternoon, al- 
though various smaller groups had been in session dur- 
ing the earlier part of the week. While it was, of 
course, inspirational, the Conference was concentrated 
throughout on the business before it, which had been 
carefully prepared by large, representative commit- 
tees. Some great addresses were given by such men 
as Dr. John R, Mott, who presided, Dr. Robert E. 
Speer, Dr. S. Earl Taylor, Mr. John D. Rockefeller, 
Jr., and others — their single purpose being to direct 
the great gathering toward the work before it. 

It might be well here to pause for a moment, and to 
explain what the real purpose of the Interchurch 
World Movement really is. It is the result of a mis- 
sionary vision, translated into words and imparted to 
some of the great Christian leaders of America. These 
leaders, having learned great lessons in cooperation 
through war-time activities, quickly grasped the idea 
of what might be accomplished through denomina- 
tional cooperation. Conferences were held. Suspicion 
and doubt gave way to understanding, enthusiasm and 
faith — ajid the present movement is the result. 

Its threefold purpose, as defined by the Cleveland, 
Ohio, Conference of 1919, is as follows: 

,1. To undertake a scientific survey of the world's 
needs from the standpoint of the responsibility of 
evangelical Christianity. 

2. To project a cooperative community and world 
program to meet the needs arising from the survey. 

3. To discover and develop the resources of life, 
money and prayer required by the program fixed. 

Its strictly cooperative character was likewise de- 
fined at the Cleveland Conference _in the following 
terms, which would seem to vouchsafe the interests 
and safeguard the boundary lines of the most con- 

scientious sectarian : " We confirm our definite un- 
derstanding that this is not an ecclesiastical movement 
nor an effort at church union. It will not disturb the 
autonomy or interfere with the administration of any 
church or board. Neither will it undertake to ad- 
minister or expend' funds for any purpose beyond its 
own proper administrative expenses. It has a definite 
and temporary mission. It will not duplicate or con- 
flict with other denominational agencies. It does not 
assume responsibility or authority on questions of 
church or missionary policy, recognizing that these be- 
long to the coordinating agencies and organizations." 
The next logical question would be: "Through 
what machinery will such a movement function? " A 
great Interchurch Movement headquarters has been 
established in New York City. The Movement now 
operates through twenty-three departments, each with 
its own executive. Other departments will be added 
if needs arise. The staff of the Movement, at this 
time, totals 1,427 persons. The following are some of 
the departments: Survey, Spiritual Resources, Stew- 
ardship, Life Work, Missionary Education, Publicity, 
etc. No organization like it has ever been brought into 
being upon such a gigantic scale, for such a concerted 
Christian purpose. It is organizing to accomplish a 
great task. 

Included on this staff are some of the most success- 
ful business and professional men of the country. Its 
General Committee includes some of the country's 
great Christian business men. However, the success 
of the Movement, oftentimes expressed during the 
Conference, lies clearly with the various cooperating 

Great care had been exercised in gathering the senti- 
ment of Christian churches concerning the Movement. 
The very exhaustive and careful surveys, being con- 
ducted, will prove sources of great information for the 
churches, and they also laid the foundation for the 
actions taken in this meeting. 

What progress and results have come from this Con- 
ference ? Great progress was made in harmonizing the 
various goals of the twenty-four Forward Movements, 
now being operated by as many denominations. The 
concerted program which was built, was adopted, ex- 
cepting in a few points, by unanimous decision of the 

As for results, the future alone can tell. However, 
the program, formulated for the immediate future, is 
as follows: January, Spiritual Resources; February, 
Stewardship; March, Life Service, while Evangelism 
will run as a great current through all of these months, 
culminating in a great ingathering of souls on Easter 
Sunday. A great united, simultaneous financial cam- 
paign, covering the Protestant forces of the nation, in 
so far as they will participate, will be conducted during 
the period from Wednesda}', April 21, to Sunday, 
May 2. 

As we sat through these sessions, the thought upper- 
most in mind, of course, was the question, What is 
the relation which the Church of the Brethren should 
bear to the Movement? We trust, therefore, that our 
conclusions will be considered in the constructive spirit 
in which they are intended : 

Three alternatives are before us. First, hold com- 
pletely aloof; second, cooperate partially, giving the 
Movement passive support; third, actively enroll our- 
selves in the Movement, adjust our Forward Move- 
ment program to fit that of this great enterprise, and 
receive our full share of the benefits accruing from the 
cooperative effort. 

The first alternative— holding aloof — would doubt- 
lessly give us the least physical exertion. But morally, 
spiritually, altruistically, it would doubtless be the 
most expensive stand we could take. 

The second alternative sounds better, for we shall 
almost be compelled to assist in some phases of the 
program. Be as indifferent as we might, we shall be 
asked to contribute financially and likewise to assist in 
conventions, surveys, educational propaganda and the 

The third — that of active participation — seems the 
most reasonable and wise. Our Forward Movement 
program can be adjusted to the Interchurch World 
program without violence and with much profit. We 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 24, 1920 

could enlarge our goals, where necessary, adopt a few 
new ones, extend the period of our Movement to De- 
cember 31, 1924, and perfect an organization that, in 
its efforts, would collaborate with the Interchurch 
World Movement and prepare itself for the greatest 
activities along lines of evangelishi, stewardship and 
consecration of life and property that the church has 
ever known. The stimulus which would come from 
actively engaging in this Movement, which does no 
violence either to our methods or principles, and in 
which large numbers of our brethren will cooperate at 
any rate, would he of incalculable value to us. This 
Movement is an epochal effort in the history of 

We have prepared ourselves and laid the ground- 
work for such a task as this, on our part, through en- 
larging our horizon in our gifts to war-time Christian 
activities, reconstruction, and through this initial year 
of our Forward Movement. We have gotten a vision 
of big things and we can do them. We have the abil- 
ity, resources and opportunity for a great work. We 
are face to face with a chance to cooperate in a great 
national effort, which is designed to occupy unoccu- 
pied fields for Jesus Christ, and to " lengthen the cords 
and strengthen the stakes "of Zion on earth. " If we 
are in the light, as he is in the light, we have fellow- 
ship one with another." 

The Conference adjourned on Friday evening, Jan. 
9, in full consciousness of the magnitude and responsi- 
bility of the undertaking, but with resolute spirit and 
trust in God. 

The execution of the program is in the hands of the 
General Committee, which is the legislative body of 
the Movement, and made up of members from the 
various participating bodies. This Committee met on 
Saturday to put into action the tasks assigned to it. 
Truly this was a historic milestone for the Christian 
forces of America. 
Elgin, 111. __^_^___ 

The World's Hope 


Man is a spiritual as well as a physical organism. 
Whether he be the humblest day laborer or the most 
gifted statesman, man needs both physical and spirit- 
ual food. He insists on three meals a day to nourish 
his physical body. But how many provide equally well 
for their soul requirements? To a discerning mind an 
impoverished soul is a more pathetic sight than a 
starved body. Jesus said : " The life is more than 
meat, and the body is more than raiment " (Luke 12: 
23). He meant that man is more than a mere animal — 
he has a soul that "can not be nourished with physical 
Food; it requires spiritual nourishment. The earthly 
part is content when the physical body— the outer man 
—is healthy, well fed and agreeably clothed. But as a 
spiritual being he is not satisfied unless the soul, the 
inner man, is rightly nourished and clothed. The 
Psalmist says: " As the hart panteth after the water 
brooks, so panteth my soul after thee, O God" (Psa 
42: 1). 

. When the soul of man is diseased, or when it is not 
properly nourished, man is restless. His peace of mind 
is destroyed and the peace of those about him becomes 
disturbed. It is said that " the present confusion and 
chaos of the world is due to an extreme form of soul- 
impoverishment. The nations have become spiritually 
bankrupt ... and that which makes the situation 
so hopeless, from the human point of view, is the im- 
possibility of common humanity to diagnose its own 

The world is sick, diseased. There is no hope for 
a sick man unless he find his need and use the right 
remedy. So it is with the world. It must find its need 
and use the right remedy to effect a cure. Mankind 
today can no more satisfy his immortal needs than 
could the rich man who, two thousand years ago, said: 
" Soul . . . take thine ease, eat, drink and be 
merry" (Luke 12: 19). Butalas! Listen. Godsaid: 
" Thou fool, this night thy soul shall be required of 
thee." The soul of the world is at stake today. Man 
has tried to find the trouble and to effect a cure, but 
he has failed miserably. The best it has been able to 
produce is the "superman," and that supposedly su- 

perior being has been weighed in the balances of eter- 
nal justice and found wanting. The soul impoverish- 
ment of the multitudes today makes one feel doubtful 
about the future. The masses of professed Christians 
toil strenuously six days in the week, and in some cases 
seven, that they may provide for the perishing body, 
but no corresponding care is bestowed upon the needs 
of the never-dying soul. The all-important needs of 
the inner life are shamefully neglected. 

Jesus made daily and ceaseless prayer a means of 
nourishing and strengthening his inner life. His mind 
was completely saturated with the Holy Scriptures. 
He lived in close and living fellowship with God and 
he was strong to lift other men and women to God. 
We must not forget that Je^sus was a man, and he 
" was in all points tempted like as we are, yet without 
sin" (Heb. 4: 15). 

The only hope for the world is the pure and un- 
dented religion of Jesus Christ. In Christ, the Chris- 
tian is perfected. In Christ, the Christian is strong to 
lift others to Christ. Man can be good, normal and 
happy only in living fellowship with God. Jesus is the 
Bread of Life. The world must come back to God if 
it would be saved. In Christ there is righteousness, 
peace, prosperity and happiness. A world without God 
is a world of strife, anarchy, bloodshed and horrors. It 
is a world without hope. Let us study the Scriptures 
more, let us pray more, let us live closer to God. 

Ashland, Ohio. 

" The Hills ' 


What rapture must have been experienced as the 
Psalmist gave utterance to the first verse of Psalm 121 ! 
The writer can conceive of no other attitude of mind 
than that of an ecstatic mood. It took the reflections 
of a deep meditation to say: " I will lift up mine eyes 
unto the hills, from whence cometh my help." 

The "hill" (mountain), in the Scriptures, always 
seems to have been held sacred and it is always rich 
in symbol. It always stands in poetic contrast, in land- 
scape vision, to the more prosaic plain, or to the weari- 
some desert. 

The Great Book is replete in hallowed expressions 
of lofty trend, symbolizing the most sacred places, 
the sweet and precious relations of holy aspiration, 
and of attainments " reached and kept " — all finding 
their " Ebenezer " in the symbol of " the hills " of the 
Sacred Writings. 

It would take a long article to comment upon the 
many scriptures where the hill is used as a means of 
directing the mind to lofty conceptions, such as are 
found in Psa. 2: 6, where God sets his king " upon my 
holy hill Zion " ; or in Psa. 15: 1, where he asks the 
question : " Who shall dwell in thy holy hill ? " Psa. 
24: 3 asks: "Who shall ascend into the hill of the 
Lord?" In Psa. 43: 3, David prays to be brought 
into " thy holy hill." These, and many more, reach 
their climax in the Master's teaching upon Christian 
character : "A city set on a hill can not be hid." 

To note the record of incidents, happening upon 
one of the mountains, adumbrating, symbolizing or il- 
lustrating purposeful life-principles, looking to man's 
recreation and bringing him into harmony with his 
Creator, is an experience most wonderful to contem- 
plate. In all these inspirational occurrences — almost 
without exception upon the heights — purpose and de- 
sign, emanating from Deity for some grand consumma- 
tion fix themselves in the mind and heart of the stu- 

Think of the call of Abraham from the -plains of 
Mamre to the hills of Judea ! Think of his offering 
Isaac upon " one of the mountains which I will tell 
thee of." Think of that mountain's history subse- 
quent to this : David's dynasty of- royalty began there ; 
Solomon built the temple there; the captive remnant 
returned and rebuilt there; it was the pivotal center 
of all prophecy. There Christ was rejected, crucified 
and resurrected. From there he ascended. There the 
Holy Spirit sent out the messengers of glad tidings to 
the " uttermost parts of the world." Of course, every 
phase of this developing plan did not occur on top of 
the same hill where Isaac was offered, and yet all 
happened on the same highland. 

Think of a nation of slaves, brought up out of the 
Nile Valley to make their future home upon the un- 
dulating country of Palestine! Think of Moses flee- 
ing to Mount I-Ioreb! Think of the time when he led 
the Hebrews to receive the Law and to behold God's 
great power demonstrated^ from Sinai ! Think of 
the time when Moses climbed Mount Nebo to the top 
of Pisgah, to get a glimpse of Israel's future temporal 
inheritance! Think of the time when Joshua rehearsed 
the law upon the two nlountains — Gerizim and Eba"l ! 
Think of Isaiah's achievement upon Mt. Carmel ! 
Many other historic events have happened upon the 
highlands of earth — the ethical perspective of which 
typifies the sacred relations by which man is influ- 
enced to aspire to higher things in his pilgrimage in 
the flesh. 

But the Old Testament history is surpassed in the 
New Testament films, that are thrown upon the screen 
of human vision, in hill-top experiences not clouded in 
symbol, but those that stand out in the most vivid 

It may not be of significance to every student of 
the Bible that so many of the uplifting principles of 
righteousness appeal to tlie understanding through the 
familiar and lofty attractiveness of the hills, but to a 
lover of the mountains, who finds the nearest approxi- 
mate approach to Paradise in the delectable hills, there 
is an unexplainable inflow of Spirit-instruction, grasped 
and understood by the longing spirit. This enables 
the inner consciousness to see that the " hills," as a 
symbol of ideality, are emblems divinely chosen. They 
are looked upon as sacred places, and as being especial- 
ly suitable for the transpiring of sacred enactments, 
rather than the merely incidental or coincidental hap- 

An appreciation of the loftiness, the grandeur, the 
sublime solitude, of the mountains and hills, is neces- 
sary properly to understand the meaning of the Psalm- 
ist's figure, as he sees it in the hills. To reach this 
conception, let any one escape to higher realms from 
the hot valleys of industry and commercial life, where 
there is constant push and hurry, in the race for su- 
premacy by means of the " almighty dollar," where 
he sees extravagance on every hand ; and where he is 
up against every freak and fancy of the flippant, silly 
and thoughtless. Let him ascend into the hills where 
the ruthless hand of man has not been seen nor felt. 
Here the primeval forest speaks only of God. Here 
the herb under your feet — the bud, leaf, blossom, un- 
dergrowth of bush, and towering fir and pine around 
you, and towering over you, burst out in a united 
song of praise to their Creator. Here the inanimate 
rocky cliff, once torn by some great power of Deity, 
tells its eloquent story of him as being stronger than 
the hills. Here the stream, whose fountain-head is 
farther up, comes splashing and plunging, in one con- 
tinuous cataract. Gurgling and murmuring, onward 
it goes, obeying the law of its God. The descent of the 
waters man calls " gravity," but each murmur is a 
seeming protest against its final destiny of oblivium 
in some murky, sluggish river at the foot of the moun- 
tain. Here, too, is the winged songsters' paradise. 
This is one family of creatures — whether affected by 
the fall of man or not — that sends up its united and 
harmonious praise to the Giver of all good. Yea, 
every softening breeze that comes .cooling through 
the trees, and every zephyr that lifts a leaf, whispers 
to the appreciative soul that he is on holy ground. In 
the proper meditative mood, face to face with God in 
this environment, one can say, ever afterwards : " I 
will lift up mine eyes to the hills, whence cometh my 

The hill* as a symbol in the Old Testament, becomes 
in the New Testament a real place for the passing of 
enactments. Just' sit down and make a list of the real 
life-giving revelations', coming to man from the hills' 
and mountains : John the Baptist was born and reared 
in the " hill country of Judea." " The mother of my 
Lord " visited him there. And this " mother " gave 
birth to the "Holy One" at Bethlehem, near the 
sacred hill where his type, ages before, lay upon the 
altar. Think of him— the Son of Man— as he called 
himself, how many great things he transacted "on 
the mountain " : " The Sermon on the Mount," as 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER^- January 24, 1920 


familiarly known; on the mountain he chose the 
twelve ; " in the mountain " he was all night in prayer ; 
he was " transfigured on the mountain " ; he appeared 
to the disciples in Galilee, after the resurrection, on a 
mountain ; he ascended from Mt. Olivet. Above all 
things we must remember the Mount of Calvary. 
Here centers the all and in all — death for our sins 
and resurrection for our justification. Here, in the 
cross of Christ and his resurrection is the center of 
every hope, the foundation of every joy, the strength 
of all faith, the record of our inheritance, the assur- 
ance of eternal life. 

After all, may it not be that the golden cord in the 
Psalmist's thought reaches even to Calvary? May it 
not be that the Psalmistr looking forward, says : " I 
will lift up mine eyes to the hills, from whence cbmeth 
my strength"? Did he not, perhaps, in an ecstatic 
vision, glory in the cross of Christ? And perhaps we 
simply use a modern paraphrase of Psa. 121 : 1, when 
we use the sweet old hymn : 

," In the cross of Christ I glory, 
Towering o'er the wrecks of time; 
4 Ail the light of sacred story, 
Clusters round its head sublime." 

" O the depth of the riches, both of the wisdom and 
knowledge of God." 
Fresno, Calif, < ^ m 

The Holy Land and the Holy City 

(Continued from First Page) 

Palestine is 150 miles long, 35 to -150 miles wide, 
and east of the Jordan has an area of 6,000 square 
miles. It can sustain a population of four million. 
If you were to divide Pennsylvania into countries the 
size of Palestine, you would have six and a half coun- 
tries, while Illinois would make nine and a half and 
California no less than twenty-five. 

For years the Jews have been settling in Palestine. 
When the world war began, it was estimated that 
100,000 were located in that country. At Joppa, in 
the Valley of the Jordan, at the waters of Merom, and 
on the plain of Esdraelon, are large colonies of the 
Jews. When at Jericho, in 1904, there was a large 
reservoir at that point, the water being used for irri- 
gation. There is an overabundance of water in the Jor- 
dan entirely and abundantly to irrigate the narrow 
valley. The water from the Sea of Galilee can easily 
and cheaply be carried to the Esdraelon Valley for 

There has been a^plan proposed of flooding the Jor- 
dan Valley with the waters of the Mediterranean by a 
canal. If this Were done, the Sea of Galilee would 
be six hundred feet below the level of the water, and 
the great farming plain of Esdraelon would be the 
same depth under water, thus destroying the largest 
and most fertile valley in Palestine. This will never 
be done, for the prophecies of the Bible are all against 
it. The land will be fully occupied by the chosen 
people of God. Paul says in Rom. 11 : 25-27 that all 
Israel shall be saved. They are to dwell in the land 
of their fathers. They will be planted and not rooted 
up, built up and never torn down. Under the Provi- 
dence of God these remarkable prophecies are being 
fulfilled, and these point to the coming of the Master. 
When the -fig tree putteth forth her buds, know that 
summer is nigh. d. l. m. 


I As cold 

Notes From Our Correspondents 

As cold water to a thirsty soul, so is good r 

i from a far country 


Frultdale church met in council Jan. 3. Bro. Ralph Rarick preached 
t " j ^ a "' n and wil1 continlle cacl > night for three weeks. We 
elected officers for our Sunday-school, and Ik- writer was chosen 
superintendent. Sister Rarick also is with us and helps much in 
our singing, and has given us some instruction in music. Brother 
and Sister Rarick will remain in the South until May, visiting the 
cnurches of Southern Alabama and Mississippi.— J. Z. Jordan, Fruit- 
dale, Ala., Jan. 11. 


Glendale church met in council Jan. 2 and church officers were 
elected: C. E. Gillett, elder; Sister Emma Piatt, "Messenger" agent 
and correspondent. A new Missionary Committee was appointed, 
setters were granted to Brother and Sister Chas. Ronk, who have 
labored faithfully at this place during the past four years, but are 
now leaving to take up the pastorate at Twin Falls, Idaho. On ac- 
count of a large volume of business coming before the meeting, it was 
Br? a n r ^ t ^. haVe an CXtra ses9ion ^n. 7, with Eld. Gillett in charge. 
S ' . ■ E ' Gl,, ctt was reelected Sunday-school superintendent. Bro. 

k i « and the superintendent and pastor, constitute our Sunday- 
school Board. We have adopted the Sower Duplex Envelope System 
'°r raising church expenses.— Emma E. Piatt, Glendale, Ariz., Jan. 8. 


Springdale.— Bro. A. W. Adkins, of Osceola, Mo., our District Sun- 
day-school Secretary, and Eld. J. H. 'Argabright, of Fairvicw, Mo., 
recently held a local Sunday-school Convention for us, in which many 
topics and needs of our Sunday-school were ably discussed. The 
meeting proved to be edifying, and a large degree of inspiration was 
received. At the close of our regular Sunday-school'scssion, a splen- 
did lunch was served in the church, after which the children ren- 
dered a program.— L. W. Stong, Springdale, Ark., Jan. 14. 


Covins church met in council Jan. 2. Brc.G. F. Chemberlen was re- 
elected elder; Bro. E. E. Shaver, church clerk; Sister Eutalia Ovcr- 
holtzer, "Messenger" agent; the undersigned, church correspondent. 
Jan. 4 Bro. Chemberlen gave an appropriate address to the Sunday- 
school officers and teachers. In the afternoon a Homecoming Day 
program was given as an inspiration to the workers and pupils of 
the school: The superintendents of the different- departments and 
the organized classes gave reports of the work they are doing. An 
inspiring soug service took up part of the evening. At the Christian 
Workers' hour Bro. W. E. Trostle gave a Bible lesson on the Jewish 
people. Bro. Chemberlen preached in the evening.— Mrs. Tempie S. 
Funk, Charter Oak, Calif., Jan. 6. 

Freano.— The first Sunday of the New Year the Sunday-school made 
an auspicious beginning under the direction of its officers and teach- 
ers. The average attendance during the past year was 100; money 
collected, $300. Bro. Stover preached a splendid sermon. He and his 
wife were presented a money donation, as a New Year's gift. In the 
evening four members of the La Verne College Mission Band rendered 
an excellent program. The general theme was "The Challenge." 
Bro. David Bombarger discussed " The Need " in a masterful way. 
Bro. Ernest Root, in his splendid talk, told us how to " Meet the 
Challenge." Sister Naomi Harshbcrger vividly told us of the "In- 
dividual's Responsibility " and Sister Null rendered a wonderful 
reading about the Master's way of fitting us for his service."The 
talks were interspersed with excellent quartettes. An offering of 
$27.02 was lifted for mission work.— Mrs. O. N, Whitlow, Fresno, 
Calif., Jan. 6. 

Long Beach.— Our quarterly business meeting was held Dec. 19. 
Bro. E. K. Beeklcy was reelected Sunday-school superintendent; Sis- 
ter Cecelia Shaffer, president of Christian Workers; Sister Mary Shaf- 
fer, president of Missionary Society; Sister Lizzie Hoover, church 
Correspondent. The Saturday afternoon before Christmas the Primary 
Department had their program. Sunday morning the main school 
brought gifts of food and clothing which were later turned over to 
the Salvation Army, to distribute among the poor of our city. In 
the evening the cantata, "A Night in the Orient," was given, and 
beautifully colored slides were shown. Dec. 29 our District Sunday- 
school Secretary, Bro. J. W. Cline, gave an inspiring talk to the 
officers and teachers of our school.— Blanche L. Frantz, Long Beach, 
Calif., Jan. 7. 

Pasadena.— Ou r Christmas program was given on Sunday morning, 
Dec. 21. The children did their parts well, under splendid leadership. 
The Christian Workers gave their program on Sunday evening. A 
splendid Christmas story was read by Sister Gladys Muir, and alter- 
nated by chorus singing. Since our last report three more members 
have been added to the Pasadena congregation — one by baptism and 
two by letter. Christian Workers' officers have recently been elected, 
with Sister Effie Schrock, president; Sister Asa Trostle, superin- 
tendent of Juniors. Our new pastor, Bro. H. A. Brubaker, delivered 
his first sermon on Sunday morning, Jan. 4. His theme was, "Work- 
ers Together with God." His evening subject was, " Pressing For- 
ward." Installation services were held the same day for, Sunday- 
school and Christian Workers' officers.— Ida B. Gibbel, Pasadena, 
Calif., Jan. 8. 

South Los Angelas. — Our regular business meeting was held on the 
evening of Dec. 10. Church officers for 1920 were elected as follows: 
Elder, Bro. J. W. Cline; clerk, Bro. A. B. Crist; Christian Workers' 
president, Bro. Milton J. Brock. Temperance and Missionary Com- 
mittees were also elected. The first of the year we organized a 
teacher-training class, to meet every Wednesday evening, with Bro. 
N. J. Brubaker as teacher. Nov. 30, two young, sisters were re- 
ceived by baptism. On the evening of Dec. 21 we gave our Christmas 
program to a full house. In addition to a large donation of food and 
clothing, brought by the children, an offering of $55.44 was given 
to bring Christmas cheer to others. We are pleased to have with 
us Bro. Isaac H. Crist and wife, who are spending the winter -with 
their son, Bro. A. B. Crist, our Sunday-school superintendent. "Bro. 
Crist occupied our pulpit Dec. 28 and Jan. 4. We regret to state 
that Bro. Beery 's health has not improved sufficiently to continue 
his pastoral work with us, and he has tendered his resignation. For 
the present wc have secured the services of Bro. C. Ernest Davis, 
of La Verne College, who is an earnest young speaker. He has been 
giving us some very able discourses. Bro. Davis was sent as a rep- 
resentative of La Verne College to the International Student Volun- 
teer Convention which was held in Des Moines, Iowa. Jan. 11 he 
brought to us, in two splendid speeches, some " echoes " of this 
great convention, which we enjoyed very much.— Lena Irene Swank, 
11S6 E. Forty-fifth Street, Los Angeles, Calif., Jan. 12. 


Haxtun church enjoyed the " White Gift Service " Dec. 29. Five 
decided to give themselves to Christ. At this meeting an offering 
of over $44 was received. Jan. 10 wc met in a special council. Eight 
letters were received and six - were granted- After the council two 
were baptized. Bro. J. H. Kinzie was elected "Messenger" agent; 
the writer, correspondent. — E. L. Lapp, Haxtun, Colo., Jan. 12. 


Zion church met in council Jan. 3, with Eld. J. V. Felthouse pre- 
siding. Communion services will be held March 6 at Bro. Felt- 
house's home, Seminole, Fla., with preaching in the afternoon. We 
will have Sunday-school at 10 o'clock and preaching immediately 
after, at the home of Bro. A. O. Haney, Tampa, Fla., the second 
Sunday of every other month, beginning with Feb. 8. The same 
services will be held at Hernden on each alternate month. Bro. 
Felthouse was appointed elder; the writer, correspondent. — Mrs. A- 
O. Haney, Tampa, Fla., Jan. 12. 


Nezpcrce church met in council Jan. 1, with Pro. B. J. Fike pre- 
siding. Officers were elected for the coming year: Elder, Bro. B. J. 
Fike; Sunday- school superintendent, Bro. C. F. Thomas; Christian 
-Workers' president, Bro. Frank Fike; Intermediate superintendent. 
Sister Cynthia Thomas; Primary superintendent, Sister Sadie John- 
son, We were privileged to have Sister Sadie Miller with us over 
Christmas. She gave the children an excellent talk on Christmas 
Eve and also gave five lectures while here— two of them illustrated 
.with pictures of life in India. Her work was much appreciated. The 
Sunday-school gave a Christinas program.— Mat tie E. Thomas, Nez- 
perce, Idaho, Jan. 5. 

Payette Valley.— The officers of the various departments of the 
church having been elected in November, were installed on the first 
Sunday in the New Year. The Forward Movement is being em- 
phasized in every phase of church activity and the year promises to 
be one of increased consecration and earnestness. Two of the Sun- 
day-school classes and our Christian Workers' Society manifested 
the spirit of Christmas in a fitting way by contributing both time 
and money to cheer the home of an unfortunate family in our midst. 
Since our last report one young man has been baptized. Officers 
tor the yenr are as follows: Elder, J.' E. Shambergcr; clerk, S. J. 
Kenepp; Christian Workers' president, Reina Jcnks; Sunday-school 
superintendent, church correspondent and " Messenger " agent, the 
writer.— Emma Keslcr, Fruitland, Idaho, Jan. 12. 


Decatur.— At our recent council our pastor, Eld. J.. W. Grater, was 
reelected' as our elder in charge for one year. More aggressive plans 
and suggestions were made for the coming year than ever before, 
in keeping with the great Forward Movement idea. To this end 
various committees were chosen, and wc were glad to put to work 
our brethren and sisters who recently moved here. It is our aim 
to make Decatur the logical residential center for those in our Dis- 

trict who wish to retire from the farm, or others, desirous of en- 
larging their opportunity for active missionary work. Come over and 
help us!— O. G. Davis, 251 E. Olive Street, Decatur, III., Jan. 10. 


Andrews church met in council in December, with Eld. Chas. Ober- 
lin presiding. Officers for the following year were elected, with Bro. 
Wilbur Quinn, superintendent. Jan. 4 Bro. Reber, of Manchester 
College, filled the appointments both morning and evening. The at- 
tendance" was very encouraging, and wc are looking forward to a 
year of growth and development.— Ruth Long, Andrews, Ind., Jan. 10. 

Arcadia church met in council Jan. 3, when officers were elected for 
the year. Our Missionary Committee reports that $287-41 (,as been 
sent to the Middletown Home and $197.74 to other missions. We have 
also supported an orphan hoy in India this last year. The committee 
was retained for the coming year. Eld. G. F. Wagoner was also re- 
elected to serve for another year. Our new basemen! is now finished 
. but we are waiting for the furnace to be installed.— Katie Smeltzer, 
Arcadia, Ind., Jan. 10. 

Bethany.— Thanksgiving evening our young people gave a program. 
-Npv. 29 we met in council, with Bro. A. E. Clem presiding. Because 
of a hard rain, we adjourned till Dec. 13, when Brethren L. Kurtz and 
T. L. Berkey were present. Brethren Milo H. Geyer and Raleigh 
Neff were advanced to the full ministry. Our Sunday-school super- 
intendent for the next six months is Bro. Albert Warstler. Dec. 28 
the Sunday-school officers were installed and in the evening Sister 
Ida Fields gave us a program. Bro. Lloyd Neff is president of Chris- 
tian Workers.— Mrs. Bertha B. Weybright, Syracuse, Ind., Jan. 10. 

Buck Cre«k church has enjoyed a two weeks* series of meetings, 
conducted by Bro. Saylor Greyer, of Indianapolis, from Dec. 22 to Jan. 
4. Christmas night we gave a cantata, entitled, "The Story of the 
Star." This was followed by a talk by Bro. Greyer. The interest 
and attendance were good, considering the weather. Bro. Greyer gave 
us some powerful sermons. Twelve confessed Christ and seven were 
baptized. Sister Nettie Brown led our song service. She left Jan. 2 
to sail for India, where we are glad to support her.— Vinnie Bowman, 
Mooreland, Ind., Jan. 9. 

Goshen City.— Dec. 21 the Sunday-school gave a fine Christmas pro- 
gram of recitations, dialogs, and songs. The Harmony Male Quar- 
tette sang two selections. An offering of $25.02 was taken for char- 
ity. Dec. 28 Eld. David Metzler conducted an installation service for 
the new officers and teachers. In the evening Bro. Forrest Nickeler. 
of Milford, Ind., preached an excellent sermon. Our regular quarterly 
council was held Jan. 8/ Twelve letters were read and two were 
granted. The report of the treasurer showed a substantial balance 
on hand. Our pastor gave his annual report and presented the For- 
ward Movement program for 1920, which was adopted by the church. 
Our revivals began Sunday, and the interest is encouraging. Bro. 
Wm. Lampin is our evangelist and Prof. Yoder, of Pennsylvania, our 
song leader.— Bculah Manahan, Goshen, Ind., Jan. 14. 

Middlebury.— We held our Christmas program Dec. 28. An offer- 
ing was taken from each class, which amounted to $55 for mission 
work. Our eight-day Bible Institute, conducted by Bro. Warren 
Slabaugh, was very helpful and inspiring. We decided to observe 
the first Sunday of each month as a missionary day. Bro. J. H. 
Fike preached Jan. 4 and an offering of $9 was taken. Feb. 1 Bro. 
Frank Kreider will be with us in a series oE meetings.— Emma Sherck, 
Middlebury, Ind., Jan. 11. 

Nettle Creek.— We just closed a very spiritual series of meetings 
at the White Branch house, conducted by Bro. Noah M. Shideler, of 
Seymour, Ind. His sermons were strong and delivered in a forceful 
way. Bro. Shideler preached twenty-eight sermons and paid thirty- 
eight visits. Five Sunday-school scholars united with the church. 
During the year we received ten by baptism and reclaimed two. We 
have four Sunday-schools and three Aid Societies.— Charles W. Miller, 
Hagerstown, Ind., Jan, 6. 

North Winona Lake church met in council Dec. 27 and elected of- 
ficers for the year: Bro. Argus Whitehead, Sunday-school superin- 
tendent; Bro. E. M. Butterbaugh, church correspondent; Sister 
Daphne Stephens, church clerk. Two brethren, E. M. Butterbaugh 
and W. S. Bryant, were called to the deacon's office and with their 
wives were installed. The church decided to maintain a Ministerial 
Committee, each member of which is to remain in office three years. 
Brethren E. M. Butterbaugh. W. S. Bryant and Ed Piper were ap- 
pointed by Eld. W. E. Ovcrholser on this committee. The church 
also decided to donate $100 to Manchester College, and $100 toward 
the building of the new auditorium at Winona. Bro. Norris, of 
North Manchester, is to be with us in a revival meeting soon. Our 
church and Sunday-school are in good working condition. The 
average attendance" at Sunday-school for the past year was 97. We 
have five classes that take up special missionary collections every 
Sunday. A number of our young people are attending Manchester 
College, and our outlook for the future is good. — Bertha M. Neher,. 
Warsaw, Ind., Jan. 15 . 

Plymouth church ended the year's work with a very good report. 
.Being without a permanent pastor, since Eld. E. L. Hccstand left us 
March 1, there have been many discouraging things to contend with, 
but Bro. Ivo Weaver, our Sunday-school superintendent, pushed for- 
ward and came out successfully. At one time the Sunday-school was 
in debt, but after paying $70 on the church property and for supplies, 
there was a surplus of $51. At a recent council, with Eld. David 
Metzler, of Nappanec, in charge, officers were elected, with Bro. S. 
E. Ruff, superintendent. On account of crowded conditions it was 
necessary to organize two new classes, one for the younger married 
people, and one for the older men, Eld. J. F. Applcman and wife, 
who have had charge of the work at Nappanec for more than three- 
years, have been secured by the Mission Board to take charge of the 
work here, and with their help we feel that the work will move 
* along nicely. Bro. Appleman delivered his first sermon Jan. 4 on 
the subject " Go Forward." In the evening he talked on " Self, 
Service and Substance." Jan. 11 our evangelistic services will begin, 
with Eld. S. J. Burger in charge. We are all looking forward towards 
the building of the new church during this year.— Mary Baker Snider, 
Plymouth, Ind., Jan. 10. 

Rock Run.— Dec. 29 was Missionary Day and we had a program, the 
theme of which was "More and Better Work at Rock Run in 1920." 
The subjects, " How We May Have a Better Sunday-school, Chris- 
tian Workers' Society and Aid Society" were discussed by the su- 
perintendent and president of each department. Talks were also 
given by the president of the Missionary and Temperance Commit- 
tees. Our elder closed with a very impressive talk to the new officers 
of the church and conducted the installation services. Our mis- 
sionary offering amounted to $70.32 and was sent to Brother and 
Sister Geo. Phillips who are attending Bethany Bible School. Dec. 
29 we had a splendid Christmas program. Jan. 4 final reports were 
given: Sunday-school offerings, $282.20; Lafayette Steele Memorial 
Fund. $142.66; Christian Workers* Society, $35.56; church treasury. 
$1,357.31; monthly missionary offerings. $523.47; total, $2.341.20.— Mrs. 
Clarence R. Cripe, Goshen, Ind., Jan. 13. 

Salamonie church met in council in December. Church and Sunday- 
school officers were elected. Dec. 21 the Sunday-school gave a White. 
Gift program — the first of this kind — and the school greatly enjoyed 
the giving. Dec. 28 we had graduating exercises for a class of girls 
who had finished the work in the Primary Department. Members of 
E. L. Heestand's Sunday-school class, with their families, met at 
his home, as a surprise to the family, on the evening of Jan. 1. Jan. 
11 Bro. D. M. Brubaker, of Weilersville, Ohio, preached a splendid 
sermon touching on the " Five-year Forward Movement."— Hampton 
Zook, Huntington, Ind., Jan. 5. 

Ship she wana church held an installation service Jan. 11, conducted 
by Eld. Manly Deeter, a member of the Ministerial Board, John 
Weaver, Bro. Carl Yoder and the writer. After the proper instruc- 
tions were given and the unanimous consent of the church secured. 
Bro. Geo. Shirk, who had volunteered his service for the Master, 
together with his wife, was duly irfstalled.^I. S. Burns, Topeka, rnd., 
Jan. 13. 

Wabash Mission met for Sunday-school Jan, 4, with an attendance 
of forty-three. A collection of $23.50 was lifted by the classes. We 
can now start the new year free of debt, which is a great encour- 
agement to us,— Glenn C. Weimer, Wabash, Ind., Jan. 4. 
(Continued on Page 60) 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 24, 1920 


A Plea for Puritanism 


OUR Puritan grandparents taught that if we suc- 
ceed, it is because of the practice of certain virtues. 
If we fail, it is because of some fault in our character 
and actions. Xow, it has become habitual to view suc- 
cess and failure in a different light. If we succeed, 
we take to ourselves the personal credit, just as they 
did. If we tail, we say that our failure is the result 
of some other person's action. Some one else is to 

Oh. for a return to the good old Puritan doctrine of 

personal accountability ! 

Emporia, Kans. 

. ■»■« 

The Prayer of Faith 


Alfred T. Schofield, author of a book called 
" Where He Dwelt," refers to an incident in his life 
which shows the power of prayer. 

He and a party of friends were yachting on the 
Zuyder Zee when a storm arose and the sea became 
very rough. 

Mr. Schofield was to catch the train for London at 
a certain hour, but the captain said : " You can not 
possibly catch it now." 

In despair he thought of how Christ had stilled the 
waves on Galilee, and so he offered up a silent prayer 
that if it were God's will he might catch his train. 

He had hardly ended when his nephew, from the 
deck, shouted out : " The captain says we shall be in 
Enkhuisen in half an hour." 

Mr. Schofield replied: " Impossible. He told me it 
would take two hours." 

" The wind has veered," said his nephew, " and is 
blowing fair for the harbor." 

And Schofield adds : " The wind obeyed his will and 
we were brought to our desired haven." 

Harrisburg, Pa. 

Our Good Old World 


If there is anywhere in the world a nation, a class, 
■a group, a man that is at rest and satisfied, I wonder 
what they think of us. Perhaps they are so blissfully 
stationed that they need not even think about it, and 
certainly not solve it, or attempt to solve it, or say they 
have solved it— and then have some differing body 
spoil it all by doubting it and asking evidence. 

But somewhere there must be, through necessity, 
the supremely and continuously sane man or men to 
lead us out of all this ; somewhere there is the human 
instrument through which Divinity will work out the 
inexplicable puzzle — the colossal, unutterably messed- 
up puzzle that is driving both continents mad. 

It is exactly as though a condemned man, desper- 
ately anxious to live, were given the one chance of 
deliverance — if only he can figure out the combination 
of his lock before it is too late. 

There it is, in perfect working order, his nervous, 
awkward hands upon it, turning it, forcing it, praying 
to it ; ever and incessantly doing the same thing, the 
wrong thing, the pathetically useless thing! 

Yet who can condemn the panic he was in? Who 
can say "/ would have remained calm"? Who is 
calm? Who is picking, with exquisite patience and 
cunning, at the future's locked door— the locked doors 
— while the insoluble troubles shriek their menace at 
him; the thousands of opposing forces tear his grip 
away; and ever and always, from beyond that wall, 
the dear, honest people of the earth cry out for him to 

We can not see -who, just now, but he exists, or they 
exist, just as surely as the evil and the wild confusion. 
All the terrible time that chaos is tearing the world to 
pieces, an antithesis, subtle and infallible, is selecting 
the good from the bad and forming a beautiful pattern 

It will be new, necessarily, and different, but the 
people for whom it was created will know that it is 
good and strong and lasting, and will fold themselves 
up in it with the good old peace of yore. 

It is madness to say that it will never be pleasant and 
peaceful again ! In the Arctic regions they do not say 
it will never be light again; they know, because of an 
invariable arrangement, that it must be light again. 
We do not say noxious green fruit can't possibly be 
any better, for we know that it will be better — and 
better and better, until we love every taste of it. 

Then, why not know, just as positively, that this 
other law is at work, as surely and as inevitably, and 
that it will bring forth the good in the end? 
Washington, D. C. 



These are the days of exorbitant prices. This does 
not apply solely to luxuries, but to every commodity. 
In fact, many of the things which were formerly re- 
garded as commodities are now luxuries to great num- 
bers of us. 

Even m the days gone by, which now seem so much 
to be desired, nothing worth while seemed to be at- 
tainable except through, or by, effort or cost of some 
kind — nothing save one thing, and that one the most 
important tiling in the life of man, woman or child. 

In order to communicate with our friends, we must 
call on them. Of course the telephones are much in 
use now for friendly intercourse, but even those re- 
quire a cessation of duties and many times a consider- 
able outlay of time, when " the line is busy," and, to 
say the least, the cost of a telephone is quite an item 
for the year. 

There is One with whom we may have" intercourse 
any minute and any day, " without money and without 
price," without any effort whatever. 

The Lord is by your side, whether you are plowing, 
clerking, washing dishes, attending the sick or running 
an engine. 

He's there, ready for your spoken or whispered 
word, and ready with his reply. 

Think what a privilege is ours in this fellowship, 
this easy, blessed, free communion ! 

All you need to do is to speak to him — to touch 
him — in order to feel him. 

He is a Friend to whom we may speak every day 
without recourse to the Written Word, telegraphy or 
the telephone — a constant, unobtrusive, helpful Spirit, 
at hand always, and the Only One whom one can not 
afford to be without. One dare not ignore nor neglect 
such an One. 

Something for nothing, and such an Infinite Value! 

Reverently, but in secular terms, does earth hold 
another such a Bargain? 

Fairfield, Pa. 

The Judgment 


The Word of God teaches us plainly that there is a 
future. If it does not teach that, it does not teach any- 
thing. It tells us about the glory of heaven and the 
mansions that Christ has gone to prepare for those 
that obey the Gospel. It tells us also about the tor- 
ments of hell. It tells us about the rich man lifting 
up his eyes in torment and crying for water. How 
shall we escape the damnation of hell? 

No one speaks of the judgment as Christ did. There 
never was a time when the Gospel of Christ needed to 
be preached more generally than now. Too many are 
preaching to please the people. Moses preached to 
Pharaoh. In testimony of his authority he turned 
water to blood. When Christ preached on earth, he 
turned water to wine. Under the law there was a 
judgment. As it was in the days of Noah, so it will be 
when the Savior comes. There was a judgment in the 
days of Noah. Those who lived under the law, will be 
judged by the law. We must all stand before the 
judgment seat of Christ. Paul said that the time 
would come when men would not endure sound doc- 
trine. Has not that time come? 

Thayer, Iowa. 

The Bible Illustrated in Chinese Life 


The Bible is an Oriental Book. Its illustrations were 
drawn from the life of the people in the time and place 
in which it was written. For us Westerners to under- 
stand all its illustrations we must, at least, learn some- 
thing of the life and other conditions of the people of 
that time and place. In many cases the Chinese find a 
habit or custom of their own, that seems to fit in the il- 
lustration almost as exactly as if the book were written 
only recently in their own land. Of course, China is a 
very large country and not all customs are universal. I 
am writing only of customs as we see them in this part 
of Sliansi. 

Many of Jesus' illustrations were taken from farm life. 
He tells of the farmer going out to sow the seed, and the 
results of his efforts. The fields here are usually small 
and are often bounded or crossed by narrow roads or 
paths. The farmer knows well enough how some of the 
seed may fall on the wayside and be eaten by the birds, 
or among the rocks or thorns, unless carefully handled, 
as he is sowing his fields. The Chinese, however, do 
keep the thorns out of the fields quite well and also gath- 
er out the stones, so that there may be enough depth of 
earth. In Mark 2: 23, 24 we read: "And it came to pass, 
that he was going on the sabbath day through the grain 
fields; and his disciples began, as they went, to pluck the 
ears. And the Pharisees said unto him, Behold, why do 
they on the sabbath day that which is not lawful?" Much 
of the travel here is on foot and it is a perfectly natural 
thing for one to pick off some heads of wheat and shell 
and eat the grains as one passes along. After the har- 
vest season, when the grain has been gathered in the 
true Oriental fashion, it is carried or hauled to the thresh- 
ing floor. There it is shelled out by the tramping of the 
oxen and donkeys, and by being pressed beneath a stone 
roller which they draw. After the grain is trampled and 
rolled sufficiently, it is winnowed by casting it into the 
air, that the wind maydrive off the chaff. In some places, 
however, it is put through a fanning mill, somewhat mod- 
ern in type. Perhaps most Americans have not seen a 
threshing floor. The Chinese see them everywhere. 

"Two women shall be grinding at the mil! and one is 
taken and one is left" (Matt. 24: II). One does not have 
to be here very long to see the stone mills doing the 
grinding for the people. Interesting, too, is the fact that 
most of those, whom you see operating the household 
mills, are women. Sometimes we see one woman turning 
the larger type of mill by walking around it and pulling 
on the sweep. In operating some qf the smaller ones, 
however, the women sit down beside them, one on either 
side, and the two take hold of the handles and turn to- 
gether. In a land where millstones are so plentiful the 
child will understand the sentence that reads: "It would 
be better for that man that a great millstone should be 
hanged about his neck and that he be cast in the midst of 
the sea." At least he will know what would happen to 
the man. The large millstones used here would surely 
sink one to the bottom. 

During my earlier life I could not quite understand 
why Jacob should use a stone for a pillow when he 
stopped for the night. Here it is such a common sight 
that it seems perfectly natural. Very often we see labor- 
ers or others at rest along the street in this fashion. Even 
the method of travel does not seem to differ greatly from 
the method in Palestine during the Bible times. Ox and 
mule carts are very much used in some places. Here, at 
Ping Ting, the roads are not even good enough for that; 
so almost everything is carried by donkey and mule or 
by man himself. Speaking of distances in terms of a 
day's journey, or several days' journey, is common. The 
distance in miles is usually a mere estimate. 

The walled cities, so often mentioned in the Bible, are 
seen everywhere. All the cities, that have been of any 
consequence in the past, have their walls. Burned brick 
is sometimes used, but often there is nothing but the 
sun-dried brick or earth. Of course, the logical place to 
see every one that comes to the city from the outside, is 
at the city gate. There is no other way for them to get 
in. (Except where the walls have fallen down.) Absa- 
lom sat at the gate of the city when he wished to win 
the hearts of the people. There is usually more than one 
gate; so that for such a venture one would need to choose 
the one that is most used. Nor are the people satisfied 
with a walled city, but each court must also have its wall 
and be properly guarded with doors or gates. This al- 
most necessitates having a doorkeeper or, as we say here, 
a gate-keeper. All v buildings are arranged around a court, 
whether official or private. We read in John that during 
the trial of Jesus, John "entered in with Jesus into the 
court of the high priest; but Peter was standing at the 
door without. So the other disciple [John], who was 
known unto the high priest, went out and spake unto her 
that kept the door, and brought in Peter." That would 
certainly be a very natural happening here, except that 
the doorkeeper would be a man. 

The custom of seating persons at a feast in accordance 
with their s'tanding or class rank, has not disappeared in 
China. There are certain rules determining the place of 
honor and the proper behavior at a feast. Gen. 43: 33 
is interesting in this connection: "And they sat before 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGEK^-January 24, 1920 


Joseph the first horn according to his birthright and the 
youngest according to his youth." Jesus, referring to the 
same custom, says: " When you are bidden of any man 
to a marriage feast, sit not down in the chief scat; lest 
haply a more honorable man than thou be hidden of him, 
and he that bade thee and him shall come and say to 
thee, Give this man place; and then thou shalt begin with 
shame to take the lowest place." This statement sounds 
as if it might have grown immediately out of a Chinese 

Perhaps a custom that rubs most Americans is one that 
requires us to speak of the other fellow and his belong- 
ings as " honorable " and our own as humble and mean. 
If we meet a man we may say: " What is your honorable 
name?" He replies: "My humble name is Lee." Then 
we will, perhaps, ask: "Where is your honorable palace?" 
and he will answer: "My mean dwelling place is in the 
North City." Note the following passages and see if 
they do not savor somewhat of the same custom: In 
Gen. 43: 27, 28 Joseph asks: " Is your father well, the old 
man of whom ye spoke? Is he yet alive?" [One is hon- 
ored here by being called old.] And they said, "Thy 
servant our father is well, he is yet alive." In Gen. 47: 
8, 9 we read: "And Pharaoh said unto Jacob, How many 
are the days of the years of thy life? And Jacob said 
unto Pliaraoh, The days of the years of my pilgrimage 
are a hundred and thirty years: few and evil have been 
the days of the years of my life, and they have not at- 
tained unto the days of the years of the life of my fa- 
thers in the days of their pilgrimage." 

Jt is not to be supposed that the few illustrations here 
mentidncd are all. On the other hand, there arc many 
things that, because of traditions and customs, are also 
hard for the Chinese to understand. On the whole, how- 
ever, the Bible is a Book, so close to life itself, that all 
nations may understand its meaning. 

Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi, China. 


' Write what thoi 

the churches " 


We met in council Dec. 9, with Eld. J. F. Appleman pre- 
siding. Since our elder and pastor, Bro. J. ~F. Appleman, 
is leaving us, Eld. David Metzlcr was elected to fill the 
vacancy. Bro. Ralph Miller was reelected Sunday-school 
superintendent; Bro. Clayton Stahly, president of Chris- 
tian Workers' Meeting. During the month six letters were 
received and three granted. 

Dec. 14 the Intermediate Sunday-school class, assisted 
by their teacher, Sister Appleman. demonstrated the con- 
struction of the Jewish tabernacle. Each part was proper- 
ly put in place and explained by the members of the class 
who made it. 

Our Christmas p'rogram was given Dec 21. We ob- 
served the White Gift service, all w,ork centering around 
the three words, "self, service and substance." As a re- 
sult three decided to consecrate themselves to Christ. The 
various departments of the school gave $125, also baskets 
of provisions and toys, which were distributed among the 
needy on Christmas morning. 

During the week two farewell receptions were given 
Brother and Sister Appleman, to show our appreciation 
of their work during the past three years. 

Dec. 28 Bro. W. R. Miller, of Onekama, Mich., ad- 
dressed the Mission Study Class of sixteen members, who 
were issued their diplomas for the completion of the study 
of one book. In the- evening Brother and Sister Apple- 
man gave their closing remarks. We expect Bro. Nic»- 
demus, of Bethany Bible School, to begin our series of 
meetings Jan. 1.1. Ada Strauss. 


Oct. 29 wife and I left our home at Sununum, 111., for 
Basic City, Va., to help in a series of meetings. We ar- 
rived there on Saturday morning and began the meetings 
on Sunday, Nov. 2, continuing for three weeks, with a 
large audience each evening and the best of interest. 
Twenty-three stood for Christ, eleven of whom have been 
received. The meetings closed with a communion serv- 
ice, which was well attended and enjoyed by all. This 
was the first service of the kind at this place. 

The work was started five years ago by organizing a 
Sunday-school, which continued to grow. Then preach- 
ing services were held in different places in the city, until 
about two years ago, when efforts were put forth to build 
a church, with the result that thej- now have a commodi- 
ous house of worship. They have some earnest workers 
in Sunday-school and Christian Workers' Meeting. This 
church is in the bounds of the Barren Ridge congregation, 
and the preaching appointment is being supplied by them 
and adjoining congregations. But they are much in need 
of a minister who could devote all his time to the work 

The people of Basic City are mostly an industrious 
class who work in the large factories. They have big 
hearts and know how to share their hospitality with those 
who come inside of their gates. 

From here we went to Forest Chapel and began a meet- 
ing Nov. 26, continuing until Dec. 13. At this place ten 

were received into the church by baptism. This meeting 
closed also with a communion service, which was enjoyed 
by all, especially by the new converts. Forest Chapel is 
our old home church and this was the fifth meeting we 
have held for them. We left here Dec. 17 for Basic City, 
where we delivered a farewell message to the members. 
Afterward we boarded the train, our journey taking us 
through the beautiful Blue Ridge mountains, with their 
sno'w-covered peaks, with cliffs of rocks and green trees, 
until we reached Roanoke City, Va., which is surrounded 
by mountains and beautiful scenery. Here we visited a 
brother, and had the pleasure of meeting with the mem- 
bers of the Roanoke church and delivering a message to 
them on Sunday morning, Dec. 21. In the evening we 
enjoyed their splendid program — the White Gift service. 
The many gifts that were brought, and the way the pro- 
gram was rendered, show that they have a live-wire Sun- 
day-school. This church has some six or seven hundred 
members. The Sunday-school enrollment is over five 

From here we turned our faces homeward, through 
mountains, tunnels, along rivers and cliffs, reaching our 
home Dec. 25. We have been out in the field since Sept. 
1, and this ends our evangelistic work for 1919. 

Summum, 111. Charles Walter. 


The seventeenth annual Sunday-school Institute of 
Southern Ohio was held in the West Dayton church, Day- 
ton, Ohio, Dec. 22 to 26. The weather was pleasant, which 
made the Institute the more enjoyable. The commodious 
church in which the Institute was held was well adapted 
for this work. The West Dayton people gave us a hearty 
welcome, and all seemed to enjoy the way they cared 
for us. 

The first day or two the attendance could have been 
better, but it was not long until the people came and re- 
mained throughout the entire Institute.. The enrollment 
on the register gave our attendance as 360. There were 
24 superintendents and 91 teachers present, besides a 
good representation of ministers. 

The Institute was conducted by Bro. A. C. Wieand, of 
Bethany Bible School, Bro. J. E. Miller, of Elgin, III., 
and Sister Cora Stahly, of the Music Department of Man- 
chester College. 

Bro. Wieand gave very helpful instruction and explana- 
tions on the Sunday-school Lessons for 1920. He has 
been a number of times in Southern Ohio in Institute 
work and our people always appreciate his instruction. 
Our superintendents, teachers, and all who were there 
in attendance, went home with a desire to do more ef- 
ficient Bible study. They have realized how beautiful 
our lessons are for the next year. 

Bro. Miller's work consisted in Sunday-school Ped- 
agogy. His instruction was appreciated. It was very in- 
teresting. Among other things he taught the teachers 
how to interest the boys and girls with a wisely-chosen 
story at the right time and place, which he vividly ex- 
emplified during his work. He emphasized that teachers 
should be interested in the things in which young people 
are interested. On Tuesday and Thursday evenings he 
gave Illustrated Lectures, one on the work of relief in 
the Near East, and one on "The Forward Movement." 

This work was a new feature of our work for this year 
and our people realized the power of the lantern, if right- 
ly used. This is the first time Bro. Miller has been with 
us in Sunday-school work in Southern Ohio, and we are 
sure that our friendship will not soon be forgotten. 

Sister Stahly, as usual, was much interested in her 
work and she gave our people valuable instruction in 
music. Our choristers were well represented and they 
returned to their schools with a keen desire to put into 
practice the things which they were taught. 

It was the desire of the committee to make this In- 
stitute one of the best we have ever held and we think 
that all who were there realized this. OrT Christmas eve- 
ning, in addition to the other work, the young people of 
the West Dayton church rendered a cantata. -The evident 
talent of these young people taught our people the value 
of the opportunity open to all our schools, to develop the 
singing ability along this line of work. 

Certainly our Heavenly Father has given us a blessing, 
and with this blessing comes the opportunity of service, 
and the ttiought of service gives us an inspiration to car- 
ry out the instructions and ideas which were given during 
the Institute. And may all be done for him who loves us 
and gave hhnself for us. 

Yes, the seventeenth Sunday-school Institute of South- 
ern Ohio was a success. A. H. Weimer. 

Greenville, Ohio. 


The Sunday-school and Bible Institute of Southern II- 
linois'was held at Astoria, Dec. 28-31. We were favored 
by a week of beautiful winter weather, for which we were 
very thankful. The attendance, though not as large the 
first day as we had hoped, continued to increase as the 
meeting progressed. 

We were certainly very glad for the presence of Eld. 

J. M. Biough, home on furlough from India, and for the 
strong and inspiring messages which he gave us, 

Bro. R. H. Nicodemus, of Bethany Bible School, in his 
very forceful manner, gave us some very strong teaching 
on "The Great Commission," "The Rural Community," 
"The Rural Church," "The Rural Home" and "Spiritual 

Bro. S. S. Biough gave some very helpful talks on "The 
Forward Movement" and different lines of Sunday-school 

Bro. I. D. Heckman gave some very interesting teach- 
ing on "Tbe Parables." using the thirteenth and eight- 
eenth chapters of Matthew. 

A number of other speakers very ably discussed some 
of the important subjects of Sunday-school work. The 
young people gave us some special music at every session 
of the meeting. 

We know that much good seed has been sown and hope 
(Continued on Page 58) 


Suggestions for the Weekly Devotional Meeting Or 
Prayerful, Private Sfeditatlon. 

The Sword of the Spirit — Its Power for Me 

Ephesians 6: 17 
For Week Beginning February I, 1920 

1. The Christian Should Be Well Equipped.— Our text 
is taken from Paul's description of the Christian's armor, 
and sets forth part of that wonderful panoply with which 
the true warrior of Jesus Christ is equipped: "And take 
the helmet of salvation, and the sword of the Spirit, which 
is the word of God." It is a splendid coincidence that, 
in conformity, with Paul's direction, the brain and hand 
should work in fullest harmony — first tbe "helmet" and 
then the "sword." It is more necessary that the brain 
should be right than that the hand should be right, for 
if the hand be ever so willing to do what is right — even 
while the brain is wrong— the hand will be compelled to 
follow the direction of the brain. It is the controller. 
It manipulates the hand to suit its pleasure. Paul, there- 
fore, calls for a consecrated mind. He calls for a saved 
head — eyes that look for Jesus, ears that bear for Jesus, 
a tongue to speak for Jesus, a mind to think for Jesus. 
Given the helmet of salvation, then almost any good may 
be accomplished by the hand. The purposes of the mind 
are put into execution by "the hand, and so. when tbe mind 
is a saved mind, tbe hand becomes the wielder of the pur- 
poses of a consecrated intellect. 

2. The Bible as the Christian's Weapon.— No mission- 
ary goes to his field of labor without the Bible. No min- 
ister undertakes the work of the ministry without his 
Bible. You can not set up the family altar or instruct the 
children in the home without the Bible. Just as the gen- 
eral does not go into battle without his sword, so it would 
be unwise for any one to attempt the work of the King- 
dom of Jesus Christ without a knowledge of the Bible. 
It would be like going into battle without arms. 

3. Knowledge and Skill Are Essential.— The success of 
any individual in the Christian life depends largely upon 
his knowledge of the Bible and his ability to use it for 
the good of his spiritual life and that of others. No man 
can fight without his sword, and no man can do the work 
of the Spirit of God efficiently without at least a fair 
knowledge of God's Word. Nor can he ward off the en- 
emies that press for the conquest of his own soul without 

4. Familiarity with the Bible Strengthens the Entire 
Christian Life.— Faith is strengthened by Scripture knowl- 
edge most marvelously. How often, indeed, how very 
often, our faith has. seemed to waver, until suddenly it 
was steadied by some precious passage in God's Word — a 
superb gem that shone as a constant star in the night of • 
our uncertainty, enabling our tottering faith to resume 
its wonted poise. Perhaps we have been called upon to 
defend our position, as servants of God, when we did not 
have our Bibles with us— on the street, on the train, m 
the shop, or elsewhere, and we have saved the day by our 
knowledge of the Word, when some text, memorized 
long ago, has come to our relief, and turned the force of 
the disputant's argument. Unexpectedly, perhaps, we are 
asked to give a talk at prayer meeting, without an oppor- 
tunity for previous investigation of the topic. But in the 
armory — the brain — there is .stored away many a keen 
shaft of truth, which can be depended upon. Wc may be 
called to a sick-bed, when the sufferer desires the comfort 
that never fails. Then familiarity with the Bible will en- 
able us to bring a message of hope that endures. 

5. Suggestive References.— God's Word, if believed, in- 
sures eternal life (John 5: 24, 39). Believing we shall 
nave life through Christ (John 20: 31). God's Word 
builds up (Acts 20: 32). " Let the word of Christ dwell 
in you richly" (Col. 3: 16). "A workman . . . right- 
ly dividing the word of truth" (2 Tim J 15). Becoming 
"wise unto salvation" (2 Tim. 3: 15-17). "Doers of the 
word— not hearers only" (James 1: 22. "The word of 
the Lord endureth forever" (1 Peter 1: 25). 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 24, 1920 


Sunday-school Lesson, Peter Stands Up for Truth and 
Honesty.— Acts 5; Ml. 

Christian Workers' Meeting, Assured Blessings in Mov- 
ing Forward. 


Three were baptized recently at Figarden, Calif. 

One was baptized recently in the Auburn church. Ind. 

Five were baptized in the Annvillc church, Pa„ Jan. 11. 

Eleven were baptized recently in the Worden church. 

One was baptized recently in the Pasadena church, 

One was baptized recently in the Pleasant View church, 

Three were baptized recently in the Osceola church, 
I owa. 

One was baptized recently in the Payette Valley church, 

Two were baptized recently in the South Los Angeles 
church, Calif. 

One has been baptized in the Lititz church, Pa., since 
last heard from. 

Two have been added to the Maiden Creek church, Pa., 
since the last report. 

Four have been baptized in the Hutchinson church, 
Kans., since the previous report. 

Three applied for baptism at Piedmont, Va., — Bro. J. A. 
Naff, of Boone Mill, same State, evangelist. 

Three confessed Christ in the Oklahoma City church, 
Okla., — Bro. W. Earl Breon, pastor, in charge. 

Five were baptized in the Denton church, Md., — Bro. 
Rufus P. Bucher, of Quarryville, Pa., evangelist. 

Two came forward in the Bethel church, Va., — Bro. J. 
F. Britton, of Nokesville, same State, evangelist. 

One accepted Christ in the Harris Creek church, Ohio. 
— Bro. R. H. Nicodemus, of Chicago, evangelist. 

One was baptized in the Sand Ridge church, Ohio — 
Bro. C. A. Wright, of North Manchester, Ind., evangelist. 

Two were baptized at Stonetown, Oley Mission congre- 
gation. Pa..— Bro. Ira Gibble. of Meyerstown, same State, 

Twelve confessed Christ, seven of whom were baptized 
in the Buck Creek church, Ind., — Bro. Saylor Greyer, of 
Indianapolis, evangelist. 

Eleven were baptized at Forest Chapel, in the Clover- 
dale congregation, Va.,— Bro. Luther Coffman, of Dale- 
ville, same Slate, evangelist. 

Two confessed Christ and one was reclaimed in the 
First Church, Springfield, Ohio.— Bro. Van B. Wright, of 
Peebles, sama State, evangelist. 

Five were baptized in the White Branch house, Nettle 
Creek congregation, Ind.,— Bro. Noah M. Shideler, of 
Seymour, same State, evangelist. 

Eleven accepted Christ, eight of whom were baptized, 
at the Nineveh mission, Brick congregation, Va.,— Bro. J. 
B. Peters, home minister, in charge. 


Bro. Frank Kreider, of Goshen, Ind., to begin Feb. 1 in 
the Middlebury church, same State. 

Bro. H. S. Replogle, of Windber, Pa., to begin Jan. 19 
in the Roaring Spring church, same State. 

Bro. J. Edson Ulery, of Onekama, Mich., to begin some- 
time in February in the Crystal church, same State. 

Bro. John W. Root and wife, of Lafayette, Ind., are en- 
gaged in a series of meetings in. the Windfall congrega- 
tion, same State. . 


Bro. A. C. AuvU announces the change of his address 
from R. D. 2, Swanton, Md., to Thornton, W. Va. 

Bro. S. W. Garber, of Decatur, 111., took charge of the 
pastorate at Cedar Rapids, Iowa, Nov. 10. His corre- 
spondents will please note his change of address. 

Bro. J. F. Appleman and wife, who have had charge of 
the work at Nappanee, Ind., for more than three years, 
have, by the Mission Board of Northern Indiana, been as- 
- ?ned to the pastorate of the Plymouth church, same 

Dr. Fred J. Wampler writes from on board the S S 
" I hina." Dec. 30: " We are now just about half way to 
Honolulu. We wish we were half way between Honolulu 

d i okohama, or, still better, half way between Yoko- 
hama and Shanghai." He also refers in his letter to the 
•hipping of a cream separator, valued at $80, the 
gift of the Sharpies Cream Separator Co., of Westchester 
Pa to the China Mission. The thanks of the Mission 
and r,f the whole church as well, are due to Bro C D 
Hylton. of Troutville, Va., who was instrumental in secur- 

ing the donation, and especially to the Sharpies people for 
their valuable gift. 

Bro. J. F. Valentine, of Belington, W. Va., still has 
some 'latcs open for evangelistic work, if those churches, 
who may desire his services, will communicate with him 

Bro. G. K. Walker, of Pottstown, Pa., who has resigned 
the pastorate of the Pottstown church, to take effect April 
1. 1920. will be glad to confer with pastors who would 
consider a location in that part of the Brotherhood. A 
married man of some experience in church work is pre- 

We are glad to learn from Bro. D. L. Miller's latest 
communication that Sister Miller continues to improve in 
health. It was expected that she would soon be able to 
go out of doors. Bro. Miller is also much better, some 
tangible evidence of which our readers will be pleased to 
find in the Editorial Department of this issue. 

Bro. W. J. Swigart, Chairman of the Central Service 
Committee, will have something to say in our next issue 
concerning pending bills for enforced military training, 
and one for the promotion of physical education, which 
will be of special interest, and should have the most care- 
ful attention of every reader of the " Messenger." 

Bro. E. F. Caslow and wife, of Grand Rapids, Mich., 
are now ready to give their time to evangelistic work, 
having returned from Panora, Iowa, whither they had 
gone to lay in their last resting place the mortal remains 
of their beloved son, whose illness had occupied their at- 
tention and care for the last eighteen months. Address 
them at 107 Quigley Boulevard, Grand Rapids, Mich. 

Bro. D. L. Forney and wife and daughter spent a few 
hours in Elgin last Saturday, making a short " good-bye " 
visit to friends here. They planned to leave Chicago for 
Seattle on Monday of this week — the first step in their 
long journey to India. As we thought of how their fam- 
ily is to be divided, we wished that the whole church 
might be permeated by a corresponding spirit of self-sac- 
rificing service. . 

Under date of Dec. 10, Bro. Q. A. Holsopple, of the 
missionary party sailing for India, writes that they had 
just landed at Karachi, India, and expected to leave there 
soon for Bombay, by the " City of Poona." This would 
indicate a change from their earlier plan of completing 
the journey by' rail from the above-named point — due, no 
doubt, to more favorable steamer connections than had 
been expected. The latter part of the voyage had proved 
more pleasant than the first. 

On page 59 we publish an interesting communication 
from Fairchance, Pa. One part refers to the practical 
working out of the Forward Movement, so far as church 
erection is concerned. When it became apparent that a 
house of worship was needed at Fairchance, the structure 
was erected at a cost of approximately $5,500, which 
amount, with the exception of a few hundred dollars, has 
be'en assumed by the Uniontown church, as her contribu- 
tion to the Forward Movement. This church has also 
obligated herself to maintain the work — supplying the pul- 
pit regularly at that point until the work becomes self- 
supporting. Such a practical interpretation of the " For- 
ward Movement" is truly worth while and is respectfully 
referred to the prayerful consideration of other congre- 


The District Conference of Western Colorado and Utah 
is to convene in the Fruita church, Fruita, Colo., Jan. 24 
and 25— the first Conference of the present year. 

Since the Senior Editor came to our relief this week, 
you may have another week to think over "What It 
Means to Evangelize the World." In fact, it may be a 
good many weeks before any of us comprehends it fully. 

A new house of worship is being erected by the Clovis 
church, N. Mex., all the indebtedness on which has al- 
ready been paid. The dedication of the house is to take 
place in March, at which time Bro. D. L. Miller is to de- 
liver the address for the occasion. 

The local "Church Bulletin" of one of our live eastern 
congregations calls attention to the fact that "this is a 
good time to renew or begin your subscription to this 
weekly paper of our own church." The reference is to 
the " Gospel Messenger." We heartily agree. We think 
it is a splendid time for just that sort of thing. 

La Verne College will hold its Annual Bible Institute 
for this year Feb. 1 to 8. Notice reached us -too late for 
insertion of the complete program, but some of its lead- 
ing features are: Studies in Hebrews by W. E. Trostle, 
Studies in the Book of Acts by J. P. Dickey, Studies in 
First John by R. H. Miller, and Interpretation of Sacred 
Literature and Music by B. S. Haugh and Mrs. Haugh. 
Additional lectures and addresses are to be given by W. I. 
T. Hoover, J. Harman Stover, J. M. Boaz, I. V. Funder- 
burgh, J. W. Cline, H. A. Brandt, D. L. Miller, J. 2. Gil- 
bert, J. I. Kaylor and others. There is no charge for 
tuition or room. Meals will be served at 35 cents. Ap- 
plication for lodging should be made to A. J Beckner 
La Verne. Calif. 

Special Joint Board Meeting. — Just in time for insertion 
in this issue we received from the Secretary of the Gen- 
eral Mission Board, on his way home from the Bridge- 
water Bible Institute, the following telegram : " Joint 
Board Meeting, to consider Interchurch Movement, called 
January twenty-eight." The decision to call a special 
meeting of the Church Boards is no doubt the outgrowth 
of the recent World Survey Conference at Atlantic City, 
which Bro. Williams describes elsewhere in this num- 
ber. We shall all await with much interest such recom- 
mendations as the Boards may have to make with refer- 
ence to our part in this great movement. 

When a Choice Must Be Made. — Robert E. Speer truth- 
fully said: " We must choose between the evil love of the 
world and the overflowing love of God." Moses made the 
choice when he " refused to be called the son of Pharaoh's 
daughter." It was the choice of the desert, but it made 
him one of the greatest men of all history. Christians of 
today arc called upon to make a like decisive choice — the 
things of this life or the advancement of the Kingdom. 
The issue is clear cut, and the decision is wholly our own. 
The Forward Movement a Vital Factor. — It has been 
suggested that the Forward Movement may be a tre- 
mendous revival if rightly entered upon — it MUST BE, 
or it will be a dismal and expensive failure. How will it 
be a revival? Within itself it must be Spirit-filled and 
Spirit-directed. The Spirit of Jesus must vitalize the 
whole activity. Every Christian must be challenged by 
the solemn summons to intercession, and must lay hold 
on the unfailing divine resources. As Spirit-directed men 
and women present the great issues of the Forward Move- 
ment, they will become evangelists of the glad tidings of 
new responsibilities and new opportunities, for the church 
and for every member. Responding to new visions of 
possible Christian conquest, the entire church must be re- 

Discipleship Means Activity. — The Bystander was great- 
ly impressed, the other day, to note the effective plea of 
a vigorous writer, in behalf of greater energy for the 
Lord's work. He started out by saymg: "The first two 
letters of ' Gospel ' spell ' Go.' Proceeding with his sub- 
ject he said that Christianity is the only possession that 
fills men with a passion for sharing it. His point is well 
taken. The scientist does not, of necessity, become a 
teacher, nor the millionaire a philanthropist, nor the Sam- 
son a bearer of burdens, but the Christian does, of neces- 
sity, become a missionary. He is of the Light, which can 
not help radiating forth. The great present need of the 
Christian church is to rise to Christ's thought of the King- 
dom of heaven. Are we willing to say: " Lord, here are 
my abilities, my time, my money, my real self"? 

No. 2.— Districts With Too Much Money 

Occasionally we learn of a District that seems to have 
so much money that it hardly knows what to do with all 
of it. So it spends the surplus in buying the time of 
proof-readers at the Brethren Publishing House to write 
Minutes of its District gatherings. As a basis to work 
on, it sends the House some sheets of paper, written over 
with words, names, figures and marks of various kinds, 
some of which can be deciphered and some of which can 
not. The sender also very kindly gives some instructions, 
such as: " Pick out the best. Do the best you can with 

Well, the House does. It turns the jumble over to the 
head proof-reader who takes a half" day or so to prepare 
a document that looks somewhat like Minutes of a Min- 
isterial, Sunday-school, or Business Conference, as the 
case may be. He takes such names as he can make out 
and, by the aid of catchwords and phrases, here and there, 
puts into the mouths of certain speakers what he judges 
would have been suitable for them to say. How nearly 
the result represents what was actually said or done, he 
can only guess. 

Why doesn't the House simply return this sort of manu- 
script for rewriting? There are several reasons: It would 
involve much delay. There is no assurance that the send- 
er could interpret his memoranda any better than he Ins 
already done. Circumstantial ■evidence is against the sup- 
position. What the District wants is printed Minutes, 
as soon as possible. It does not seem to care what they 
are. Besides this, the extra time it takes the House, to 
fix the matter up for printing, helps to make the bill larg- 
er, and the House likes to earn all the money it can for 
the General Mission Board. 

We speak of this matter here because we happen to 
know that many Districts prefer to get their printing 
done as cheaply as possible and make their contributions 
to missions direct, and thus get the proper credit. We 
have also learned that most Districts desire that Minutes 
of their meetings should correspond, as closely as prac- 
ticable, with what actually occurred. 

All such Districts are invited to take the necessary 
steps to secure such a record of proceedings as they wish 
the Minutes to contain, and to send the House just wliat 
they want printed — no more, no less. If it can be read, 
this will be an additional advantage. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER^January 24, 1920 



Churches That Are Closed on Sunday 
Ordinarily we think of the church as a place where the 
usual religious services arc held at least on Sunday, say- 
ing nothing about the week-day gatherings. And yet in- 
vestigators have found that in one denomination alone, 
two-thirds of its country churches are without preaching 
each Sunday. The scarcity of church leaders is so great 
that trained pastors sometimes have to serve as many as 
ten rural churches. Another denomination shows nine- 
tenths of its country churches dependent on "part-time" 
ministers for Sunday preaching services. Three-fourths 
of its country churches have only one service a month. 
One-fourth have not even a Sunday-school. Only thirteen 
per cent of country ministers arc residents of their rural 
charges — most of thehl living !h the towns. Thus One 
minister -may have tb cover a Circle With a diameter of 
ten to fifteen miles. 

A Propaganda for Peace 
A press dispatch from Vienna, Austria, reports that a 
" Society 'for the Promotion of Peace" has been estab- 
lished in that city, with the avowed purpose of infusing 
sentiment along that line in schools, homes, and among 
the people in general. It is hoped to give international 
scope to the new venture. Planning to bring about a de- 
sire for peaceful relations between men and nations, the 
promoters of the new movement will endeavor to mould 
public sentiment against war and violence. Textbooks 
and other educational literature are to further the propa- 
ganda for peace, 'and lectures, conferences and study 
courses are to diffuse peace sentiment everywhere. A 
movement as above described is undoubtedly praise- 
worthy. " Follow peace with all men, and holiness, with- 
out which no man shall see the Lord." 

By-Products of the Gospel 
So far beyond, the price of rubies and the finest of gold, 
is the inherent value of the Gospel, that we often lose 
sight of the by-products thereof— the material things that 
humanity would never have enjoyed, had there been no 
favoring conditions, made possible by Christianity. If 
you want to get a complete view of all these, just sit down 
with pencil and paper and a map of the world. Put down 
the manifold and untold temporal blessings that are yrjiirs 
because you live in a land 6f Gospel privileges, and then 
contrast your Favored condition with the barren, cheer- 
less cxistehce of the hiiliidrts in heathert lands, as shdwn 
Oil the tnap; Before yod have proceeded very far in your 
analysis of the subject, you will be fully convinced that 
"godliness is profitable unto all things, having promise 
of the life that now is, and of that which is to come." 
Have you found it so? 

Ancient Structures That Are Unexcelled 
Most of us, in close touch with modern achievements, 
are prone to look upon ancient industrial achievements 
as rather crude and imperfect. Possibly we may have to 
revise our conceptions just a little, after reading what a 
noted American archaeologist discovered after recent, ex- 
haustive researches. He says that 2,300,000 huge blocks 
were required in the building of the Great Pyramid in 
Egypt, that dates back to a period 5,000 years ago. Each 
of those blocks, weighing from 2y 2 to 50 tons, was 
squared, fitted, leveled, and put in position with an ac- 
curacy that puts to shame our very best niodern work. 
He found scores of buildings that, in defiance of the wear 
and tear of the fiercest storms for centuries, are as solid 
as ever. They were put together with an accuracy of 
measurement, favorably comparing with the skill of an 
expert artisan of today, and arousing our profound ad- 
miration. — 

An Admitted Failure 
Advocates of military intervention in Mexican affairs 
may profitably look at America's experience along that 
line in Siberia. Our efforts in that frigid clime have been 
futile and costly. The only effect of sixteen months of 
military intervention has been to bolster Up an unpopular 
military government by keeping open a purely military 
railroad. Incidentally America has incurred the distrust 
and resentment of* all classes, and in no way whatever 
has the final settlement of pending difficulties, by the Rus- 
sian people themselves, been hastened. Recent reports 
indicate that American troops hftve outlived their useful- 
ness in Siberia— if there' was ever any possibility along 
that line. There being nothing whatever for them to do, 
at the present time, their withdrawal at the earliest pos- 
sible moment is highly advisable. If we may believe the 
latest cable messages, there is grave danger of American 
troops clashing with Siberians on the one hand, and with 
Japanese on the other hand. 

They stole nothing; they allowed no one else to steal 
anything; they operated the plants successfully, and re- 
turned them to us in as good condition as when our 
Americans left." What a lesson in the above, as to the 
potent influence of Golden Rule principles! Would not 
the present labor unrest in the United States be speedily 
disposed of, if employe and employer were willing to ad- 
just all differences by Christ's equitable rule of action? 

A Real Asset to Civilization 
Dr. Hyde, a New York physician, who has rendered 
valuable service irt Western Asia during recent months, 
under the auspices of the American Committee for Relief 
in the Near East, has this td say about the Armenians: 
" Here and now I want to bear witness to the high moral 
virtue of the Armenian people. It is unsurpassed. No- 
where, in my extensive travels, have I found women who 
have suffered such degradation and come through it with 
their force of character unharmed and their ideals un- 
touched. The vast majority of Armenian women have 
left their Turkish masters with the .same spirit of integ- 
rity which they had when they were dragged from their 
homes — some three or four years before. Such a Chris- 
tian womanhood is too great an asset to civilization, to be 
allowed to disappear dr remain longer in bonds to Islam." 

Revolutionary Tendencies in Germany 
Prompt and energetic action, on 'the part of the au- 
thorities, recently stopped a violent demonstration at 
Berlin, which might have readily spread to the legislative 
chambers and elsewhere. The disorderly element is of 
the same stripe as the " Reds " to whom " Uncle Sam " 
so recently gave a free passage to Russia. Dissatisfied 
with the progress Germany has made, in representative 
government, these revolutionists want progress after the 
bolshevistic pattern. Should constitutional authority in 
Germany now be overthrown, chaotic conditions would 
sweep westward to the borders of France and Belgium, 
and beyond. In fact, all of Europe would be fighting for 
its life. Competent judges of the European situation de- 
clare that France and Great Britain have, unfortunately, 
imposed peace conditions upon Germany and Austria 
which, by their rigor, are not conducive to the future 
stability of democratic government, the world over. 
Should the disorders in Germany ever get beyond con- 
trol of the people who are trying their best to maintain 
order in a country more disrupted by peace than by war, 

all the dangers which now threaten the conquerors of 
Germany, will be realities. 

America's Moral Mandate in Near Eaat 
" Politics or no politics, America has a moral mandate 
in the Near East that is inescapable," was the fervent dec- 
laration of Dr. Howard S. Bliss, president of the Syrian 
Protestant College, Beirut, Syria, as given during a re- 
cent address in Chicago. " God has laid a moral mandate 
on the American people that they are in duty bound to 
fulfill. This mandate is not dependent upon the action 
of the United States Senate or Congress, but is something 
which may not be ignored as long as America bears the 
name of a Christian nation." These words of Dr. Bliss, 
himself a native of Syria, but whose parents were Amer- 
icans, should come with conviction to all who profess to 
be "workers together with God." Quibbling about tech- 
nicalities will not afford needed assistance to the stricken 
people of the Near East. We must give tangible evidence 
of our concern for them. 

The Great Sunday-School Convention at Tokyo, Japan 

As previously announced in these columns, the World's 
Sunday-School Convention in Japan will convene in Au- 
gust. So great, however, is the interest taken in that 
most momentous gathering, that nearly 300 have already 
applied for credentials as delegates. Since only about 1,- 
000 reservations can be obtained on the Pacific Ocean 
steamers for the delegates, it is important that all who 
wish to attend this unique Convention of Sunday-school 
workers, should communicate at once with the World's 
Sunday-School Association, 216 Metropolitan Tower, New 
York City. It is needless to emphasize the importance 
of the gathering, at this most significant period in the 
world's history, and at a place where, properly managed, 
it may mean the dawn of a new era for the Orient, 

A Statesman Speaks for Christ 
Just before Christmas, Secretary Lansing, of the De- 
partment of State at Washington, sent out to the Amer- 
ican diplomatic corps throughout the world an official 
message, declaring it an American principle that the re- 
lations of individuals must be governed by the principles 
of Jesus of Nazareth. Well might the " Daily News/' of 
London, England, declare that the dissemination of such 
a document by a statesman, responsible for the conduct 
of foreign affairs on behalf of a great power, "is an event 
of few parallels in history"! Undoubtedly it is rather 
new even in American politics. Not so long ago even the 
n\ost devout of Christians in public life was somewhat 
timid about the public avowal of religious convictions. 
Secretary Lansing's clear-cut statement is indicative of 
heartfelt conviction. 

Dr. G. Campbell Morgan's View of Prohibition 
" Revolution is likely to follow in the wake of prohi- 
bition," is the opinion of the Rev. Dr. G. Campbell Mor- 
gan, pastor of Westminster Chapel, London, now visiting 
in Syracuse, N. Y. During the delivery of a discourse he 
frankly expressed his view of liquor elimination, with 
special reference, we presume, to his native land. Great 
Britain: "Whenever a great country banishes strong 
drink it must prepare for a revolution. When a man stops 
drinking, he begins to think. All that happened in Rus- 
sia, in the revolutionary line, has occurred since vodka 
was abolished. Whenever London goes dry, her East 
End wilt arise, and there will be trouble in plenty." The 
surprising utterance of the noted minister reminds us of 
Job's pertinent words: " Great men are not always wise," 
for had Dr. Morgah been a close student of prohibition 
and its results, as demonstrated by Kansas and other 
States, he would have known facts that speak for them- 
selves. If — as he says — abstinence from intoxicants caus- 
es a man to think, it is truly worth while, for a thinking 
man is in a fair way to become a good citizen. 

The Golden Rule Proved Its Worth 
Tust now, while constantly reiterated maledictions 
against Mexicans in general, would lead any one to sup- 
pose that the inhabitants of that land are "sinners above 
all other men," it is decidedly illuminating to read the 
testimony of Mr. Benjamin P. Clark, vice-president of the 
Plymouth Cordage Company. Citing his experience- of 
ten years with a mining company in Mexico, he gives un- 
doubted testimony to the loyalty and reliability of the 
Mexicans, with whom he came in touch. His declaration 
is all the more valuable since unscrupulous politicians and 
alarmists have freely asserted that all Mexicans are brut- 
al and treacherous, and that it is useless to expect fair 
dealings at their hands. Mr. Clark says: " We have tried 
to treat the Mexicans as human beings. We told them 
that in all ways we should respect them and their wives 
and families as we would our own. We went at it as a 
fair and square proposition. The effect was prodigious. 
This attitude brought out the best there was in those 
people, just as it did in ourselves. During nearly nine 
years of revolution our mills never stopped. Today. 7,000 
men operate them— only 57 of them Americans. We have 
fed them, fought typhus and influenza with them, and 
they have done their part like men. Two things I must 
say: After the Vera Cruz incident, we .insisted that all 
Americans leave Mexico. Thereupon the properties were 
left in absolute charge of Mexicans for eight months. 

India's Moslems Oppose Turkey's Division 

Uncalled-for delay in settling 'the Turkish question has 
nowhere been attended by more unfortunate consequences 
than in India. The Moslems of that country regard the 
proposed partition of Turkey as an attack on their re- 
ligion, and refuse to recognize the recently empowered 
King of Hedjaz— highly endorsed by the allied powers— 
as the legitimate protector of the holy places. They de- 
mand the restoration of Turkey on a pre-war basis, main- 
taining that it is essential for the protection of Islam. 
Powerful as the Moslems are— both in influence and well- 
organized opposition to British supremacy in India— the 
adherents of Islam are a factor that can not well be ig- 
nored. Already a boycott of British goods is threatened, 
which, with a refusal to cooperate with the authorities of 
the land, would probably result in a most perplexing state 
of affairs. Great Britain, surely, has her full share of 

puzzling problems. ■ 

The Open Door for Christianity in Stam 
Siam, the little Kingdom in the southeastern portion of 
Asia, has long been regarded as the strategic center for 
missionary influences in that part of the Orient. With 
Siam as a base, other countries near by, though not now 
fully accessible, will eventually be reached. A recent sur- 
vey by Dr.'H. S. Vincent, under the auspices of the Inter- 
church World Movement, reveals some interesting things 
about the people of Siam, strongly suggestive of the fact 
that immediate and sympathetic consideration should be 
given, by the Christian forces, to the auspicious possibil- 
ities in Siam. Dr. Vincent is quite confident that the time 
for extended missionary activities" in that land is fully 
ripe and that there should be no delay in seizing the op- 
portunities that lie open there, particularly because of the 
sympathetic attitude of the King of Siam. This enlight- 
ened ruler is especially favorable to mission workers from 
the United States, whom he regards as being exceptional- 
ly helpful to the people of his country. It may not be 
generally known that Siam's monarch is a graduate of 
Oxford University, England. Although nominally "head 
of the Buddhist Church." he has made the Christian Sun- 
day the national Buddhist holy day. In his program of 
civic betterment he has decreed the abolition of gambling, 
and insists upon the rigid enforcement of that ruling- 
Hard as it was to bring about, polygamy has been pro- 
hibited—the ruler himself abandoning the practice, thus 
setting a good example to his people. Not only does the 
sympathetic attitude of the King toward America make 
the present time for Christian work in Siam particularly 
promising, but the Siamese to Dr 
Vincent's opinion-are in a most perceptive mood, just 
now, to be taught Christian principles. In the matter of 
marriages, and customs incident thereto, the Siamese are 
much farther advanced than most other Oriental coun- 
tries The wife occupies a position of no slight magni- 
tude, being the economic as well as the financial head of 
the household. Then, too, the children are allowed to 
make their own choice of a life partner, instead of tamely 
submitting to the dictum of the parents, as is rulable in 
most Oriental lands. 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER^— January 24, 1920 


To the Rescue! 


" Inasmuch as ye have done it unto one of the least of these my 
brethren, ye have done it onto me."— Jesus. 

A little child holds out its pleading hands; 

A feeble voice is asking you for bread; 
And little children lie in death around 

While these unhappy call, more than half dead. 

The sturdy boy is hunting for wild game 
That long has vanished to the hungry horde; 

The mother weeps in frenzy, while her babe, 
Starved, yields its spotless spirit to its Lord. 

The maiden fair — ten thousand maidens fair! — 
Who will not, for sweet life, deny their Christ — 

Fair spirits, and their noble lovers there. 
To Moslem sword and stain are sacrificed. 

And where is father? Armies of the brave, 

Where is the sworded hand that should defend? 
Smitten and dead! Widows and babies cry, 

Orphans have none on whom they may depend. 
And Morgenthau, that noble Jew, has wrought 

To save from massacre these Christian lives; 
Now to their own faith cries he in dismay, 

Feed! feed! they starve! Their children and their wives! 

He — Jew — has saved vast myriad hosts from doom, 

From fearful slaughter by the Moslem bands; 
He can not feed them — his own people starve — 

He asks these succor them from Christian hands. 
O Christian, for the fame of Christ, your Lord, 

Shame not a Jew's faith in your sacrifice! 
HE saved your kin; will YOU now let them starve? 

Dishonor Christ? — the Jew still pleading cries! 

The bright-eyed babies are not bright-eyed now; 

Graves are dug open that the new-laid flesh 
May feed the starving who had sought in vain 

By grass and weeds their bodies to refresh. 

And you? Full-fed, and full supplied with all, 
You are the steward — God pours into your hands 

The ample measure for yourself and them, 

The food for home, and for the hungry lands. 
Mechanicsburg, Pa. 

The Snarling Black Dog 


" There goes that shoestring! It always breaks 
when I have no time to put in a new one, but this time 
I have one on hand right here in my drawer. I re- 
member just where it is. Why, I thought it was in this 
corner. Oh, where can it have slipped ? I must have 
it right away ! O-oh, sa-a-ay, it's not here ! " 

With that Mabel turned around: "Janey, it was 
you that used that shoestring. I know that I had one. 
Now it's gone, and I'll be late at school." 

" I didn't either. Never saw your old shoestring. 
You lose things and then blame 'em on me." 

" \\ ell. somebody takes 'em every time ; it makes me 
so mad ! " 

" No use for you to say that. We can all see and 
hear. We know you're mad." This from Arthur, who 
ua< passing through the hall and overheard the girls. 

When Arthur came to the breakfast table, the twins 
were begging for more coffee after Ruth had drained 
the coffee-pot as dry as a summer creek. " Why don't 
you make more coffee to start with?" asked one. 
" You're always forgetting us. If father permits us 
to drink coffee, you needn't let the pot get so dry that 
a tm kitchen shower would taste refreshing!" 

" You think that's smart by the way you say it. You 
hand over that red tie of mine; I've got to have it for 
school," Andrew stood before the twins, threatening 
them. " I'll take whatever I can lay my hands on, if 
you don't hand back the tie quick." His loud tones ' 
attracted his mother's attention as she came into the 

" Children, I don't know what to do if you keep up 
this quarreling and scolding." Her voice trailed off 
helplessly. They were all shouting explanations and 
recriminations- at each other. 

Six healthy boys and girls ! By all the laws of pro- 
priety they had a perfect right to create an atmosphere 
full to overflowing with stir and life. It was not so 
apparent, however, that there was any excuse for con- 
stant bickering, quarreling and faultfinding. Queerly 

enough, it was Arthur, home from school for a short 
vacation, who became so discontented with the home 
atmosphere that he determined to do all that one young 
boy could do for his brothers and sisters. 

He was sitting in the living-room. " Mother keeps 
the rooms nice. There are flowers and curtains and 
books .and music — all the tilings they say we should 
have — but if the Queen of Sheba should add some of 
her magnificent gifts, it would do no good with all 
this scolding around here," he said to himself. 

That evening Arthur asked the twins to be sure to 
get up in time for breakfast. " Let us all eat break- 
fast together, while I am here," he suggested. After 
a bit of coaxing, Andrew promised to get up in time. 
Mabel and Janey usually were down early enough. So, 
when father sat down to eat breakfast, next morning, 
there were the six ready to sit down with him. There 
was a general laugh about getting up so early. The 
twins talked of getting ready for some examination, 
coming in a few days. Andrew had on his red tie and 
no shoestrings were broken. By the time breakfast 
was over, all were laughing and in a good humor. 

" Why, mother, it's been like a company breakfast," 
said father, before he left the house. 

Then Arthur and his mother talked of the disorder 
— the hard work she must do every day because the 
twins failed to do their part at keeping things in their 
places. They talked of Mabel's temper and her way 
of making Janey as cross as herself. Then, too, they 
deplored Andrew's tendency to spend all his evenings 
away from home. Mother was not well. " Things 
have just gone beyond me," she said. 

" Mother, you remember that when I was a little 
fellow we had a dog— Max we called him— a little 
black dog that snarled at everybody. He was so dis- 
agreeable that you wouldn't have him. Since I came 
back, I keep thinking of that black, snarling dog when- 
ever the children are together. The minute something 
goes wrong, they get cross and scold. Why can't we 
all be of one accord, of one mind ? Supposing mittens 
are lost and the lace is torn ? Those things happen in 
every home. Let's be pleasant, anyhow." 

" Oh, if we only could," was mother's fervent, em- 
phatic and hopeful response. 

That it was no easy task to break a bad habit, is 
understood. But Arthur was really in earnest. He . 
was a humble Christian, wdio wanted to see his broth- 
ers and sisters grow up into Christian workers. He 
wanted to make things easier for his parents. For the 
next few days he had all he could do. One and an- 
other he took them alone and talked it through. 
Andrew frankly admitted that he got tired of being 
"jawed" at in the evenings, as had been the case. 
For that reason he would rather go where " a fellow 
could have some peace." The twins were the young- 
est—the easiest to manage. Mabel was nearly sixteen. 
Arthur hoped for her assistance. When she once saw 
the ugliness -of a scolding, frowning eldest sister, as 
Arthur pictured her, she was eager to improve. 

No, it was not done in a day, but there was a marked 
change for the better before Arthur went back to 
school. And the leaven kept on leavening the whole 
crowd until today thei.r home atmosphere is delightful. 
At the beginning of another year, is there anything 
more essential than that we subdue the tendency to 
anger and injustice, and repress the tendency to quarrel 
and get cross? We have read that it is much more 
important to do right than not to do wrong. And it is. 
If we merely try not to get cross, that is cheerless 
work, but if we make up our minds to say kind things, 
and do all we know to make the discouraged look up 
and take heart, we can go about it buoyantly, with 

It is friction, not motion, that wears out machinery. 
To avoid or diminish friction, is to increase the effi- 
ciency of the machine. Why should there be too much 
friction? Why not cherish thoughts of peace and kind- 
ness? Then the warmth of the heart warms the atmos- 
phere, and makes it easy to make the crooked paths 
straight and the rough places smooth. If you dwell 
only on the provocations, the annoyances, it will be easy 
to give way to. ill temper. Quarrels are rooted more 
deeply than in circumstances. They go down to habits 
of mind and character. Beauty of character is learned 

in the home — especially that love which is to abide 
when tongues have ceased and knowledge fails. Ten- 
derness, humbleness, courtesy and sympathy are all 
learned at the fireside in commonplace houses, in vil- 
lage streets. 
Johnstown, Pa 


(Continued from Page SS) 

and pray that many good results may be reaped in the 

years to come. Quite a number stood at the consecra- 
tion meeting. - 

Because of the death of her mother, Sister Anna Miller 
could not be present, for which we were very sorry, as 
many of the primary workers were anxious to hear the 
subjects discussed which had been assigned to her. 

The Sunday-school exhibit was a new feature of our 
Institute. There was a helpful display of maps, pictures, 
clippings, etc., furnished by the different Sunday-schools. 

The Institute committee is ready for calls for the 1920 
Institute. Will you not work and pray that the work of 
the District may move forward and accomplish great 
things for the Lord? Edith Bubb, Secretary. 

Astoria, 111. 


Some time ago information was asked for, through tire 
" Messenger." from the various churches, as to what they 
were doing, in order to reach the goal given in the For- 
ward Movement. Following are the data for the year 
1919 of the Timberville congregation; 

We raised in the Bridgewater College Endowment 
campaign $25,000; about $3,000 was raised two years ago. 
After Dr. F. J. Wampler delivered an illustrated lec- 
ture on the bubonic plague in China, the congregation 
raised $45 with which the doctor paid for the machine 
that he was using. Dr. Wampler is taking this machine 
with him to China. 
Our Annual Meeting offering amounted to $589.50. 
After an address by a representative of the Internation- 
al Anti-Saloon League, pledges were received, amounting 
to $880, for the support of the work. 

When the congregation had learned of the illness of 
Sister E. M. Wampler, of China, we decided to make her 
a present of $50. 

During the series of evangelistic sermons, conducted by 
Bro. A. B. Miller, forty-two united with the church. 

The Sunday-school contributed $20 to special Sunday- 
school work. The Christian Workers' Society has planned 
to support a native helper for Dr. F. J. Wampler. The 
Sisters' Ai(l Society has contributed $40 to the Forward 
Movement. The congregation is supporting Bro. E. M. 
Wampler, a missionary of China. This amounts to $350. 
Bro. O. S. Miller did pastoral" work for us during the 
summer. The Sunday-school has made an increase of 26 
per cent in attendance this year over last year. 

■ « , Fern Hoover. 

The church here is moving quietly along and is making 
progress in all the services. We have Sunday-school ev- 
ery Sunday, here in Uniontown, at 10 A. M., and at Fair- 
chance, about six miles distant. Eight years ago, when 
the brethren opened a mission at that place, having no 
church there we held our Sunday-school in a private 
house. The first Sunday eleven scholars were present. 
The second Sunday there were sixteen new ones. The 
people became interested and wanted preaching services. 
We got.thc consent of the school board to hold our serv- 
ices in the schoolhouse, and then Bro. Jasper Barnthouse 
preached the first Sunday of each month. The interest 
kept increasing and brethren of the Georges Creek con- 
gregation, Fairview and Uniontown decided to build a 
church. A very nice, convenient house of worship was 
erected and dedicated on the first Sunday of this year 
Brethren C. M. Driver-and Jasper Barnthouse conducted 
the services. During these years seven were baptized 
and became members of the church. They have chosen 
John A. Buffenmyer, of Elizabethtown, Pa„ pastor for 
the present year. Orpha Collier. 
■ » 

We met in council Dec. 27, at the East house, with 
Eld. J. F. Appleman in. charge. Eld. J. Hugh Hcckman 
was also with us. Ten letters were received and four 
were granted. Church and Sunday-school officers were 
elected for the coming year: Bro. J. F. Appleman, elder; 
Bro. Orville Morris, clerk; the writer," Messenger" agent 
and correspondent; Bro. Frank Reiser, Sunday-school 
superintendent; Sister Ella Mangus, superintendent of the 
Home Department; Bro. Ivan Hartsough. president of 
the Christian Workers' Society; Bro. Wm. Summers fore-' 
man of the Official Board. 

The children and young people of the Sunday-school 
rendered a splendid Christmas program Dec. 21, under 
the supervision of Sister Anna Steele. 

Eld. J. Hugh Heckman, of Oak Park; 111., preached for 
us Dec. 20 and also twice on Sunday. Monday morning 
our Bible Institute began, continuing during the week un- 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGEF^-January 24, 1920 


til Saturday, when our council was held. Bro. Heckman, 
as instructor, gave us three periods of forty-five minutes 
each in the forenoon, and two in the evening. We studied 
the Book of Acts and Luke one period each day, and 
also the prophecies. The general average of attendance 
during the Institute was forty-seven. On Sunday morn- 
ing and evening Bro. Heckman favored us with two splen- 
did sermons. 

On Monday morning Bro. Heckman returned to his 
home, in company with some of our brethren who expect 
to attend Bethany Bible School. M. S. Morris. 

North Liberty, Ind. 

■ ♦ . 


We met in council Dec. 27, with Eld. John C. Zug in 
charge. Bro. H. H. Moycr and the writer were reelected 
Sunday-school superintendents for the year. Christian 
Workers' officers were chosen for three months, with 
Ben Hildebrand, president. A missionary committee was 
elected: Sister Amanda Hildebrand, three years, Sister 
Mary Spitler, two years, and Sister Alice Moyer, one year. 
One was restored to fellowship. 

At our teachers' meeting, which is held at the homes 
each week, the following were elected to aid the superin- 
tendents in doing the work: Sisters Lizzie M. Nies, Mary 
Spitler and Alice Moyer. 

We expect to open a series of meetings Jan. 25, with 
Bro. Rufus P. Bucher, of Quarryville, in charge. We in- 
tend to hold cottage prayer meetings every evening dur- 
ing the week preceding. The church seems to have taken 
on new life, as these members, who have been elected to 
the different offices, as well as the Sunday-school teachers, 
are taking hold of the work with commendable zeal. 

Our Christmas exercises were held Dec. 28. Recita- 
tions, select readings and special music were all well ren- 
dered. Bro. J. A. Buffenmyer, of Elizabethtown, gave a 
splendid address on the significance of Christmas Day. 
. ^ , Linn H. Nies. 


From Girard, 111., wife and I and our little girl began 
our journey early in the morning of New Year's Day. 
The next morning, at daybreak, we were here, where our 
headquarters will be for the four months, and where our 
correspondents may address us — at Fruitdale, Ala. 

Upon arrival, we were met by Bro. Samuel E. Miller, 
who conducted us forthwith to his home, and so put us 
in position to get a real sample of the hardly-to-be-ex- 
celled hospitality which every newcomer finds in this part 
of " Dixie." Bro. Miller is a schoolmaster here and con- 
templates going this summer to Bethany Bible School. 

Under the same roof with Bro. Millers we have our 
rooms for light housekeeping. We have enough furnish- 
ings now to get along nicely, and the Fruitdale members 
have been generous in providing the eatables for our ta- 
ble. We eat with a relish their genuine cane molasses 
and extra good sweet potatoes. 

Wood in the rough was hauled into our back yard the 
other day, and the undersigned has taken some of hU 
physical exercise, preparing same for the burning. Not 
only for cooking do we need fire, but also for heating our 
rooms, since the weather here is inclined to be a bit damp 
and chilly at this season. Yet, when the sun is out, one 
can be outdoors and comfortable without a coat, and the 
house doors can be opened wide, as ours is today, for the 
incoming of the balmy breeze. 

The feeling that we are in the springtime of the North, 
is augmented by the singing of "our feathered friends — 
the birds." Sundry bushes, plus magnolia and holly trees, 
give us an abundance of green foliage, while all about us 
tower the long-leaf yellow pines. It is a country truly 
worthy to be called scenic. 

Yet, with all this, there is much less life here in Fruit- 
dale than in former days, and there is but a scant popula- 
tion out in the wooded country. Unlike so many places 
where land is being bought and sold on every hand, and 
the prices of the same are soaring high, there is no land 
boom on here now. Land can be bought cheap, and yet- 
one rarely hears of a transfer. Why the country here is 
not as much in demand as at some other places, may 
readily be understood. But why there is not more de- 
velopment seems strange. 

The soil is of a sandy nature and needs to be fertilized 
to produce satisfactorily. But it-responds well when fer- 
tilized. Since the summer season is long, the ground will 
sometimes produce three different crops the same year. 
It is more fully adapted to intensive than to extensive 
farming. The rainfall is abundant. 

The town here got its name years ago, when fruit grow- 
ing was the chief industry. The main fruit was peaches. 
But disease killed off the groves, and now that industry 
Has been superseded by vegetable raising. This pays 
well, and what the people raise has a ready market in 
Mobile and St. Louis. 

There are three predominating profits from the pines. 
When tapped, they supply the crude material for turpen- 
tine. Trees of sufficient size contribute to the stock of 
much-used lumber, and material for fuel is gathered of 
what wood lies dead on the ground. Forest fires leave in 
their wake quite a bit of this latter, and it is an under- 
standing among the people that any one can gather this 

fuel stuff, wherever he can find it, " without b»ing hin- 
dered, molested or made afraid." 

So much for the physical situation here. I will en- 
deavor to touch upon the other things you may wish to 
know when my next correspondence is penned for the 
" Messenger." Ralph G. Rarick. 

Fruitdale, Ala., Jan. 7. 


A little over eight years ago, the Uniontown church of 
the George's Creek congregation organized a Brethren 
Mission Sunday-school at the foot of Chestnut Ridge to 
the east of Fairchance, Pa., where some fifty or more 
families and several hundred children were found that 
had neither church nor Sunday-school privileges. 

By the grace of the school directors of that District, we 
enjoyed the use of a fairly-commodious and comfortable 
country schoolhouse, where, during these years, the 
school has grown into an enrollment of about 150 mem- 
bers, with a large average attendance. 

During this entire period we lost but about six ses- 
sions and this on account of various epidemics during the 
past few years. 

Eight persons were admitted into church fellowship 
during this time by confession and baptism, and twelve 
or fourteen young people joined other denominations in 
and about Fairchance, because we had no church home 

About a year ago the Forward Movement seemed to 
strike both our mission point and our local church. To 
satisfy this pressure, or demand, from all sources, for a 
little country church, we built a convenient and comfort- 
able frame house of worship about a quarter mile north 
of the schoolhouse on a beautiful and most suitable site, 
donated to the church for this purpose. 

This house is thirty by forty feet, outside dimensions. 
It has a good, finished basement, containing heater, bap- 
tistry, running water and all the necessary requirements 
for conducting our love feast, besides two nicely-finished 
Sunday-school rooms. 

The auditorium, which is arranged with four Sunday- 
school class-rooms that open to the main audience room 
during general service, but which are closed during times 
of recitation, has a total seating capacity for about 250 

This house was dedicated to the worship of God at 2 
P. M., Jan. 4, 1920, by Elders C. M. Driver, of Fairview, 
Pa., and Jasper Barnthouse, of Uniontown, Pa„ officiating, 
while the house* was filled to its capacity by a most in- 
terested and appreciative audience. 

The total cost of this house will approximate $5,500, 
which cost, with the exception of a few hundred dollars, 
has been assumed by the Uniontown church as her con- 
tribution to the Forward Movement. 

She has also obligated herself to maintain the work and 
to supply the pulpit regularly at that point until it be- 
comes self-supporting, inspired by the vision of upwards 
of four hundred fathers, mothers and young people, who 
have never confessed Christ and need a Savior. 

We pray that the Lord may provide consecrated work- 
ers in this field, already ripening for the harvest. 

• ^_ D. F. Lepley. 


We met in quarterly council Jan. 5, with Eld. J. P. 
Dickey presiding. Tk« report of our church treasurer 
showed that $I1,983.» kad passed through his hands dur- 
ing the past year. Another important item of business 
was the annual rep«rt of our pastor, Eld. R. H. Miller. 
He made 1,118 calls, held 208 conferences and attended 
78 committee meetings. His goals for 1920 are as fol- 

Sunday-school: (1) A prayerful effort on the part of 
the teachers to enthrone Christ in the lives of the mem- 
bers of the Sunday-school. (2) All members and all chil- 
dren of members in Sunday-school. 

Christian Workers: Every Christian Worker at work 
in that form of service which employs head, foot and 
heart in the setting up of an efficient local field machine. 

Prayer Meeting: Let it be a council of prayer to which 
our problems and difficulties and reports of our activities 
be" brought. (At the first meeting of 1920 the "Family 
Altar" was discussed.) 

Ladies' Aid: A larger per cent of the sisters enlisted 
in the Aid. 

Missions: (1) Mission Study, especially among the 
adults. (Many of our young people are enrolled in the 
College Mission Study Classes.) (2) The closest coop- 
eration with, and support of, the La Verne College Mis- 
sion Band, 

Evangelistic: (1) Eighty-seven souls saved. (We are 
delinquent twenty-seven in our 1919 Forward Movement 
program.) (2) Prayerful attention given to the calling 
of young men to the ministry. (3) A family altar in ev- 
ery home. 

Our elder explained that Brother and Sister Lynn A. 
Blickenstaff had decided to accept the call of the General 
Mission Board to go to India next fall. Bro. Blickenstaff 
is to hold the position of " missionary accountant." The 
church unanimously decided to approve of this call and 
its acceptance, and to support Brother and Sister Blicken- 
staff with our prayers and pocketbooks. 

Christmas was appropriately celebrated. The Cradle Roll, 
Beginners' and Primary Departments held their exercises 
at the home of the Beginners' superintendent, Mrs. L. A. 
Blickenstaff, on Saturday before Christmas. One promi- 
nent feature of this program was the filling of the "man- 
ger" with gifts for the Mexican children's Christmas. 
The exercises proper were held at the church on Tuesday 
evening before Christmas. As has been our custom for 
a number of years, we had a "giving" Christmas. The 
Beginners', Primary and a number of other classes gave 
to the Mexican children's Christmas fund. The "Live 
Wires" gave toward the new church fund. On the eve- 
ning of the program an offering of $110.67 was lifted for 
India Missions. 

On Christmas morning nine auto loads of children and 
y_oung people (Intermediate Christian Workers), our 
Sunday-school superintendent and pastor, and a few oth- 
er adults, went down to the Protestant Mexican Mission, 
where they rendered a short program, after which the 
Mexican children were given a treat by our children. 
Then we went to another part of the Mexican quarters of 
our city and did likewise. The young people went to 
still another section and sang (in Spanish). We had pre- 
pared a gift (a stocking of cookies, nuts and candies, an 
apple and a card) for each child, and an apple and card 
for each adult Mexican in our city. So far as we know, 
no one was missed entirely. 

The following are some of the echoes of this work: 
"The fact that a pastor from up-town and nine auto 
loads of his people would come down here and spend 
Christmas morning as your pastor and his people did, is 
the greatest blow Catholicism ever received in this town." 
(Testimony of a Spanish Christian girl.) "How well 
those young people sang Spanish! They must have prac- 
ticed a long time. How we did enjoy their singing." (Tes- 
timony of a Catholic young man who is becoming in- 
terested in Christianity.) "The Christmas you gave my 
baby was all he had, for I had no money to buy him any- 
thing, and there are many, many of my neighbors much 
poorer than I am." (Testimony of a young Catholic moth- 
er.) "Thank you, God bless you all." (Testimony of a 
sainted Spanish grandmother, a worthy widow, who was 
remembered with groceries and became interested in the 
Christian religion, etc.) Surely, Eld. R. H. Miller and 
all others realized the blessings promised to the cheerful 

Jan. 4 our District Sunday-school Secretary was with 
us. He visited our school at work, delivered a timely ad- 
dress on more efficient Sunday-school work, and conduct- 
ed a consecration and installation service at the close. 

Eld. D. L. Forney occupied our pulpit at the morning 
hour, on the Sunday before Christmas, and preached an 
earnest missionary sermon. Bro. H. H. Brubaker, re- 
cently from Akron. Ohio, now pastor of the Pasadena, 
Calif., church, preached for us on the last Sunday of 1919. 
Grace Hileman Miller. 


For days, and even weeks, we heard people in Des 
Moines talking about the Student Volunteer Convention, 
which was to be held here during the first days of the 
year. It was hard to understand or to realize what it all 
meant. Many of us had heard very little about the move- 
ment, and when we heard it was coming right to our city, 
wc wondered more than ever about it. We were told that 
there were to be between 7,000 and 8,000 delegates. That 
would naturally increase the population of our city to 
some extent, especially when we realized that they would 
have to be housed and taken care of just at a time when 
the coal famine had, in reality, been hardly overcome. 

Dec. 30 and 31 the people began to arrive in Des Moines 
—not by carloads but by trainloads. Practically every 
road, leading into the city, had to put on special coaches^ 
and increase most of its trains by adding two and three 
sections to each. 

There is just one thing about this Conference that will 
remain a little bit longer, in a few of our memories, than 
anything else. We were told, a few days ahead of time, 
that on Saturday afternoon the Student Volunteers, who 
are members of the Church of the Brethren, were to be 
our guests at the little church at East Sixteenth and Des 
Moines Streets. We considered this quite a privilege and 
at once set about making arrangements to have every- 
thing as comfortable for them as we could. Beginning 
at 2:30 in the afternoon, the group assembled— about 
ninety in number— and the meeting was called to order 
by Bro. J. H. B. Williams, Secretary of the General Mis- 
sion Board, who also was chosen as moderator. 

Some of the returned missionaries were present and 
told us of their wonderful experiences in foreign mission 
fields. Bro. Emmert gave a talk on a theme which sound- 
ed rather odd, indeed, as he announced it. It proved all 
right, however, when he finished. He said: "India doesn't 
need me, neither does she need you; she needs Christ." 
Sister Anna Blough, returned missionary from China, 
talked on how there had been two crucial times in the 
history of China. She said: "Hundreds of years ago. 
China called upon the Church of Rome to send mission- 
aries. That church failed to do so. China is calling again 
now. Will the forces of Christianity fail at this tirae?" 

Bro. Galen B. Royer talked on "How Shall We Re- 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 24, 1920 

late the Spirit of This Conference to Our Church Activ- 
ities? " Bro. J. I. Voder, of the General Mission Board, 
showed us the great need of helpers in Africa. He spoke 
of the vast areas in Africa — as large as a hundred miles 
wide and two hundred miles long — without a single mis- 
sionary. Bro. A. D. Helser, Traveling Secretary of the 
Student Volunteer Band, impressed upon us the need of 
the power of God in our own lives. Bro. J. M. Blough, 
of India, told us about "Self-Surrender." He said: "It 
is only the surrendered life that can reveal Christ." 

After all these good addresses, Bro. Williams, realizing 
that the time was ripe for an experience meeting, gave 
an opportunity for the Holy Spirit to speak. The priv- 
ilege of being present at that meeting was great. The 
way the Spirit revealed himself by the things that were 
said, was surely well worthy of being mentioned. . 

Bro. Arthur Mote expressed his joy at being permitted 
to come where the chosen "three" as it were, and the 
remaining nine, were waiting at home for the message to 
be broken to them. We can not help but know that those 
who attended the gathering considered it a great privilege. 
But those who were so unfortunate as not to be here, 
would certainly consider it a privilege to be favored with 
such a full and thrilling report of the meeting as we know 
these students will take home with them to their respec- 
tive schools. 

The meeting was adjourned at 5:45, when the delegates 
were shown to the basement, where refreshments were 
served. Arrangements had been made to seat each del- 
egation in a group, representative of the school these 
students had come from. As they were about through 
partaking of the refreshments, Bro. Foster Statler, presi- 
dent of the Student Volunteer Movement for our church, 
arose to act as toastmaster. Each school was called upon 
for a speech or a story. These were not merely witticisms, 
however, because, intermingled with the joy of association 
together, there was that undercurrent of the Holy Spirit 
which could not be kept down, and in many instances it 
came out so forcibly that we were set to real serious 

After having been together for the afternoon and part 
of the evening, also having met and associated with some 
of these members for several days, the time came when 
we must part. It is needless to say that we had already 
learned to love our visitors for what they are, as well as 
for the forward step they had taken. Just as they left 
the tables, they waved their hands and handkerchiefs in 
appreciation of our hospitality. We were glad for their 
appreciation, but really it was a privilege to entertain 
them, and we had the satisfaction of feeling that the 
pleasure was all ours. 

As they wended their way up the stairs, and then out 
into the darkness, there seemed to come over us that 
serious feeling which so often lingers when we say 
"Good-bye." The experience we had had was unique. 
Those whom we had welcomed were leaving — some to 
the other side of the globe; others planning to follow, 
while a part of them will remain at home to keep the 
lights burning brightly, we hope. Some of us wished we 
were going with them, but we can back them up by our 
money and by our prayers. Eva. Lena Smith. 

Des Moines, Iowa. 

Boarding School is to cover from the lowest to the highest grades, 
even preparing girls to become teachers." They will be able to have at 
least 25(1 girls in training all the time. We (eel certain that not 
one single society will turn aside from meeting its apportionment 
any year, which will make possible these two great monuments to 
the Master's cause. 

To the District Secretaries we would say: Arrange with your local 
societies to scud their apportionments directly to you. Then you 
send it to the General Mission Board; also, when you receive these 
letters and report blanks, mail them at once to the local societies 
of your District. 

To the secretaries of the local societies we wish to say: Please sec 
that this appeal be read at your Aid Society meeting. Also fill out 
these blank reports at once and return to your District Secretary with 
the 25c fee for stationery and postage. Last year many of our societies 
responded by sending $1.00 for the expense fund. This was appreci- 
ated. Whatever surplus is left, after expenses arc covered, will be 
used for some benevolent work. We are counting on you to help 
make it possible for us to report the work of every Aid Society in 
the Brotherhood. We do not want one society missing. 

Let us adopt the " Forward Movement," then lift our eyes and sec 
the larger vision of service that calls us to a united effort. 
Mrs. M. C. Swigart, President, 
Mrs. 0. L. Shaw, Vice-President, 
Mrs. S. L. Whislcr, Secretary-Treasurer. 

Special Notice to the District and Local Secretaries of 
Our Aid Societies 

The above appeal and a blank report has been sent to 
our District Secretaries for distribution among the local 
societies. If any society has failed to receive one, write 
to your District Secretary at once. If you do not know 
her address, or fail to hear when you write, then write 
to your General Secretary. Some of our societies are 
growing eager to know what their apportionment is fof. 
It is for the Hospital in Ping Ting, China, and the Girls' 
Boarding School in Anklesvar, India. If any of our Dis- 
trict Secretaries have failed to send out the apportion- 
ment to their churches, would you please send it at once, 
that the work be not hindered? If conditions are such 
that it is impossible for you to do this work, will you 
please inform us, so that other arrangements can be 
made? If any District has failed to elect its Secretary, 
will the local Aids of that District please write to their 
General Secretary, so that temporary plans may be 
made by which you, too, may do your part? We are re- 
ceiving very encouraging reports from many of our 
District Secretaries, in their efforts to raise the appor- 
tionment and also organize new societies.- May they re- 
ceive a divine blessing for their efforts I 
Your General Secretary, 

Milledgeville, 111. Mrs. S. L. Wnisler. 


Bro. Amnion H. Brubacher, a son of Aaron and Maria 
Hoke Brubacher, was born Nov. 16, 1871. He married 
Katie Killian in 1897 and united with the Church of the 
Brethren in 1898. 

He was elected to the ministry March 28, 1904, and 
ordained to the eldership August 25, 1913. 

He died Dec. 17, 1919, aged 48 years, 9 months and 1 
day. Services were held in the Midway church, and 
burial was made in the adjoining cemetery. About forty 
ministers were present from various parts of the Dis- 
trict. The services were conducted by the writer, as- 
sisted by ministers of the Midway church. 

The Midway church and Sunday-school passed the fol- 
lowing "Resolutions of Sympathy": 

Whereas, It has pleased our Heavenly Father, in his infinite wis- 
dom, to remove from our midst our beloved brother and elder, A. H. 
OUR APPEAL TO THE AID SOCIETIES FOR 1920 Brubacher; Therefore, be it resolved: 

1. That we, as the Midway church and her Sunday-schools, express 
nr loss of a true and exemplary Christian and shepherd, but rejoice 
i the fact that, while sojourning here, he has ever been preparing 
laterial for his mansion over there; 

2. That we cherish in memory his generous devotion to all worthy 
mses and the inspiration that his life, words and sacrifices gave 

The year 1920 is here with open doors for new activities. The 
Prince of Peace has taught us through late conditions, that, in order 
to enter these open doors and accomplish great things for him, we 
must be a united band. Nearly all departments of church activity 
have organized themselves into a great Forward Movement, in order 
that the coming of the Kingdom might be hastened. The sisters 
of our Aid Societies have enlisted in this Movement that we, too, may 
help hasten his Kingdom by the work of our hands . 

The Forward Movement of our Sisters' Aid has set as its goal for 
the next five years the following points: 

1. An Aid Society in every congregation in the Brotherhood. 

2- The average attendance of each society to be twenty per cent of 
the membership of the women of the congregation. 

3. The sum of $20,000, annually, to be given for home and foreign 

That this goal may be reached, every society must not only do its 
bit, but do its best. The very wording " Forward Movement " means 
that we are not satisfied, that we believe that God can accomplish 
much greater things through our united effort. We are pleased with 
past accomplishments, but not yet satisfied. If we were, there would 
be nothing more for us to do. We want to lift our eyes and catch 
the larger vision of service. 

Our faithful District Secretaries have been doing their best to carry 
out point one of our goal. Thus far only 323 societies have reported 
as being organized, whereas there should be at least 1,000. The secre- 
taries need the help of the local Aids. Suppose you write to some 
sister ■ m a church that has no Aid. Tell her the joy you are receiv- 
ing through service. Urge her to organize the women into a band 
of workers for him. Though their numbers may be few, God will be 
there and bless their efforts and cause them to grow. 

The second point of our goal needs our help. The' enrollment is 
excellent, but the average attendance should be increased. The 1918 
" P ° r i "5S. We H 6 i? 72 members rf ,he Aid - wi 'l> ^ average attendance 
o. only 87?. If 20 per cent of our enrollment were meeting with the 
societies we would have an average attendance of over 12,000. Count 
the number of women in your church, and see if twenty per cent of 
that number are attending the Aid. If not, do some personal work 
to reach the goal. They need to be meeting with you that they may 
catch the inspiration received in the devotional moments as the sis- 
ters pray for this great work. 

Our third point seems to be the easiest to reach-we are more will- 
ing to give the Master our means, than our time. In the year 1918, 
our ^Societies raised over $18,000 for home and foreign work. We have 
made possible the Quinter Memorial Hospital in India, where many 
sufferers receive daily physical and spiritual help. The Master has 
laid it upon our hearts to undertake even a larger task. We want 
to build for him, within the next three years, a hospital in Ping Ting, 
V™ * G "' 8 Board,n e Sch °°' at Anklesvar, India. Each will 
cost J12,0r». or a total of $24,000. This means that our Aid Societies 
must raise Jfl,W0 a year in order to accomplish this work. Dr. 
Wampler of China, writes that the land has already been bought for 
the new hospital, and that it is likely to be named " The Hospital of 
Brotherly Love." Bro. J. M. Blough, of India, says that the Girlt' 

to us; 

3. That we extend our heartfelt sympathies to the sorrowing widow, 
mother and sister, and commend them to our Heavenly Father; 

4. That copies of these resolutions be presented to the widow, 
mother and sister of the deceased; that these resolutions be read to 
the three Sunday-schools of the congregation, spread on the church 
minutes, and printed in the " Gospel Messenger." 

Committee: Nathan Martin, W. A. Forry, Aaron S. Heiscy, Jesse 
Dotterer. Katie M. Wenger, Joseph Kettering. 

By vocation Bro. Brubacher was a school-teacher. He 
was also a singer, and was quite frequently called upon 
to hold singing-schools. He was of more than ordinary 
talent. Even in the District he held responsible offices. 
At the time of his death he was a member and secretary 
of the Home Mission Board of the Eastern District of 
Pennsylvania. The present activities of the Midway 
church, of which the city of Lebanon is a part, are large- 
ly due to the efforts of Bro. Brubacher. Christian Work- 
ers' Meetings, Teacher-Training Classes, Mission Study 
Classes, etc., were strongly encouraged by him. He was 
a leader — an organizer. 

Thero survive "his wife, mother and one sister. 

Myerstown, Pa. John Herr. 

Bro. R. W. Schlosser, of Elizabethtown, began a series 
of meetings at the Midway house Nov. 30 and continued 
till Dec. 17. The weather, for the most part, was fine, so 
the attendance and interest from the beginning were good. 
Bro. Schlosser is a very able speaker and his sermons 
were very much appreciated. We believe the members 
were spiritually enriched. Eight confessed Christ. 

Dec. 26 we met in council. Brethren John Herr, E. M. 
Wenger and A. B. Gingrich were present. As our be- 
loved elder, A. H, Brubacher, was called away by death, 

Bro. John Herr was chosen in his place, with Bro. Nathan 
Martin as assistant. 

Jan. 4 Bro. R. W. Schlosser again preached for us. In 
the afternoon he baptized five of the applicants referred 
to above. Lizzie B. Nolt. 

Lebanon, Pa. 

Notes From Our Correspondents 

(Continued from Page S3) 

Cedar Rapids church lias suffered for years because of lack of pas- 
toral work. Bro. S. W. Garber, of Decatur, III., took charge here 
Nov. 10 and already the results are showing in the activities and 
attendance at the services. We look forward with renewed hope and 
zeal for a successful year's work.— S. B. Miller, Cedar Rapids, Iowa, 
Jan. 10. 

Curlew church met in council Jan. 6, with Eld. Eddy presiding. Wc 
decided to place the matter of planting trees on our church grounds 
under the supervision of the church trustees. The regular church 
officers were elected, with Bro. Eddy elder for another year. At the 
request of the church, our elder appointed a missionary committee. 
Curlew church recently organized her first Aid Soeicty and the work 
seems lo be regarded favorably by all.— Mrs. Eva M. Brallier, Curlew, 
Iowa, Jan. 7. 

Des Moines City church met in business session Dec. 14. Two let- 
ters were- granted and two were received. The church unanimously 
chose Bro. Perry Brunk as elder for the year. All other church of- 
ficers were elected, also various committees. A motion was made 
and properly supported, that wc reelect the present organization in 
the Sunday-school for the year— Bro. Frank B. Shaw being the su- 
perintendent.— Mrs. Eva Lena Smith, Des Moines. Iowa, Jan. 14. 

Fernald congregation enjoyed the interesting talks and singing, 
which the four young people of Bethany Bible School gave Jan. 6. 
Jan. 11 we had- promotion of Sunday-school classes. During the 
preaching hour Eld. D. W. Wise gave us a very interesting sermon 
on the "Prayer Covering."— Iva M. Sipting, Fernald, Iowa, Jan. 14. 

Monroe County church met in council Dec. 13 and elected church, 
Sunday-school and Christian Workers' officers. Sister Mary Hoots 
was with us from Dec. 22 to Jan. 1, and conducted a singing class, 
which has helped a great deal in our church music. We expect to 
have Capt. Owen O. Wiard with us before long.— Mrs. F. V, Cook, 
Fredric. Iowa, Jan. 12. 

Mt. Etna church met in council Dec. 27, with Bro. L. A. Walker 
as moderator. Officers were elected for the coming six months: 
Sunday-school superintendent, 5istcr Vinnic Johnston; president of 
Christian Workers' Society, Minnie Walker. Church officers elected 
lor the coming year: Wm. Hickcox, church clerk; the writer, church 
correspondent. Bro. Wm. Wagoner was chosen as elder. The work at 
this place seems to he progressing nicely and we arc much encour- 
aged.— Mrs. L. A. Walker, Mt. Etna, Iowa, Jan. 8. 

Muscatine.— Dec. 7 Bro. H. C. N. Coffman, of South English, preached 
for us. Dec. 20 Bro. Morris Ikcnberry assisted in our Christntas 
program, which we held that evening. Dec. 31 Bro. David Browcr, of 
Mt. Morris, was with us. and Jan. 10 Bro. I. W. Brubakcr, our elder 
for 3920, came to hold our regular council. Officers elected are: Sister 
Mary Pacely, clerk; Sister Emily Wics, "Messenger" agent and 
correspondent; Bro. A. M. Stutsman, Sunday-school superintendent; 
Sister Ida Wren, Christian Workers' president. Our Mission Board 
will send some one to us each Sunday, to carry on tile work until a 
minister is secured. — Emily Wics, Muscatine, Iowa, Jan. 12. 

Osceola church met in council Dec. 27, with Bro. Chas. Colyn pre- 
siding. We elected Sunday-school officers, with Sister Nora Colyn 
and Bro. John Alexander, superintendents. Our series of meetings, 
beginning Nov. 16, conducted by Bro. J. F. Swallow, of Seavcy, Minn., 
and Fro. Paul Hoover, was a real feast. We had a sermon Thanks- 
giving Day on the suhject of the "Holy Spirit." After a social din- 
ner at the church, three were baptized. In the evening our love 
feast was held, with Bro. Swallow officiating. We were glad to have 
Bro. Horner and Sister Met tie with us, and also Bro. Walters. These 
brethren both gave good talks at the examination service. Sister 
Mettie stayed over Sunday and her help was much appreciated in 
our services— Jennie Alexander, Osceola, Iowa, Jan. 12. 


Abilene congregation met in council at the Navarre churchhouse 
Dec. 17, with Bro. Shank in charge. Officers were elected, with Bro. 
Shank, elder; Bro. Manon, assistant; Bro. Roy Rock, superintendent 
of Sunday-school; Carl Silvius, president of Christian Workers.— Mrs. 
Leonard Rock, Navarre, Kans., Jan. 8. 

Hutchinson.— Dec. 7 we had the last number of our lecture course. 
A splendid program was given by the Music and Expression Depart- 
ment of MePherson College. At a later date a Gospel Team from Mc- 
Fherson gave a very inspiring program. Dec. 28 wc had a special 
service for the installing of our officers. Bro. O. H. Feiler preached 
a very appropriate and inspiring sermon, followed by the installation 
service. Bro. Feiler is our elder and pastor; Mabel Parmley, church 
clerk; solicitor, Edith Kent; Sunday-school superintendent, Darrell 
Flora; primary superintendent, Fannie Ferrell; Christian Workers* 
president, -Thos. Tcmpleton. At noon, a dinner was served in the 
church basement by the Sisters' Aid Society. The social hour was 
enjoyed very much by all. Since our last report, four have been 
baptized. We have at present two teacher-training classes and two 
classes in the study of Doctrine and Devotion. Much interest is 
taken in all these classes.— Alice Kint, Hutchinson, Kans., Jan. 12. 

Lawrence church met in council Dec. 19, with Bro. W. L. Eiken- 
berry presiding. Five letters wejc accepted and church, Sunday- 
school and Christian Workers' officers were elected. Our new paste 
and his wife, Brother and Sister Earl Bowman, came to us Jta Novem- 
ber and at this meeting Bro. Bowman presented suggestions for the 
work of the coming year, to which the church pledged its support. 
As a result we begin the New Year with an excellent working or- 
ganization of officers and committees, covering all the important 
activities of the church. We are looking forward to a successful 
year and to the development of a greater service of the church to 
Ibis community.— Florence Eikenberry, Lawrence, Kans., Jan. 13. 

Newton City church met in council Dec, 28, with Bro. M. J. Mishler 
presiding. Officers chosen for 1920 are: Bro. Mishler, .elder; Bro. 
John Dudte, clerk; the writer, correspondent and "Messenger" agent; 
Sister Lena Romine, Sunday-school superintendent; Sister Naomi 
Hupp. Home Department; Cradle Roll, the writer; Sister Mary Mish- 
ler, Christian Workers' president. All necessary officers for these dif- 
ferent departments of church work were chosen, including one trustee, 
who succeeds himself. The reports from the various Auxiliaries, in- 
cluding the Sisters' Aid Society, were very encouraging. Prof. J. E. 
Hartzler, of Bethel College, this city, is to give us a series of ten 
lectures in the near future. The church selected the series on "Re- 
ligious Education." Dec. 21 Dr. D. W. Kurtz gave his lecture on 
" Meaning of Culture," which was greatly appreciated by a well- 
filled house of attentive people.— Mrs. Lizzie A. Lehman, NcwtOn. 
Kans., Dec. 307 

Oznwkie church met in council Dec. 13, with Bro. H. L. Brammell 
presiding. New officers for the church, Sunday-school and Christian 
Workers were elected: Bro. Guy Brammell, church clerk; Bro. H. L. 
Brammell, missionary treasurer; Bro. S. A. Rawzcr, "Messenger" 
agent; Bro. Allen Pudcrbaugb. Sunday-school superintendent; the 
writer, Christian Workers' president. Bro. H. L. Brammell, who 
has so faithfully served as our elder for the past two years, was re- 
elected. Since our last report a niimbcr have been granted letters. 
Bro. Clyde Forney has been with us and given some splendid ser- 
mons and points on Sunday-school work. Thanksgiving Day wc had 
services and each one present was called upon to tell something 
he had to be thankful for. An offering of $19.10 was taken Dee 14 
the churches of our little town had a County Sunday-school Con- 
vention, and many good thoughts were presented. Quite recently 
Bro. Waller Brunton and wife, of Wenatchee. Wash., visited here 
and gave u, several good sermons, Brethren Everett Brammell and 
Allen Puderbaugh were elected deacons, and the following evening— 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 24, 1920 


Bro D. Forney, of Lawrence, being with us— Bro. Pudcrbaugh and 
wife were installed into office.— Ella Slatler, Ozawlcie, Kans., Jan. 3. 

pleasant View church has had several interesting events recently. 
Sister Cripe came to hold a singing class and all that attended were 
well paid. We had nine lessons, and Sister Cripe is coming back in 
May to give us another term. Brethren E. M. Studebaker and John 
\V. Dectcr, of McPhcrson. each gave a three day Bible Institute, 
which was very profitable and instructive. Dec. 20 we met in 
council. Three letters were granted and four were received. Most 
of the officers were reelected and we feel encouraged to go on for 
another year. Last Sunday the officers of the church and Sunday- 
school were installed. One has been baptized recently.— Mrs. Minnie 
Rexroad. Darlow, Kans., Jan, 2. 

Salem church met Jan. 2 in a special called meeting, at which def- 
inite plans were accepted for I he new church building. Work im- 
mediately begun and at this writing the excavation is almost finished. 
-Margaret E. Lolling. Nickerson, Kans., Jan. 13. 


Baltimore (Wootlbcrry).— Our quarterly Sunday-school business 
meeting was held Dec. 1 and Bro. Jos. Gilbert was elected superin- 
tendent. Our pastor, Bro. Anthony, recently tendered his resignation, 
to enter evangelistic work. Our'Christmas program was given Dec. 
29. One very interesting number enjoyed by all, was a visit of the 
Beginners and Primary Departments to Grandmother, which part was 
taken by one of our intermediate girls. Each of our Sunday-school 
scholars has been given, a small bank to use for missionary offering 
in the spring.— Mrs. H. Carroll Yingling, Baltimore, Md., Jan. 10. 

Denton Sunday-school rendered an interesting Christmas program 
on Sunday evening before Christmas. The installation service for the 
new Sunday-school officers and teachers was held the first Sunday 
in the New Year. Bro. Rufus Bucher, of Quarryville, Pa., began a 
two weeks' series of meetings Dec. 28. His sermons were impressive 
and interesting to all. Five of our Sunday-school scholars confessed 
Christ and were baptized Jan. 11.— Mrs. C. A. Pentz, Denton, Md., 
. Jan. 12. 

Meadow Branch,— The Blue Ridge College Volunteer Mission Band 
rendered a good program at the Meadow Branch church Jan. 11 in 
the morning, and in the Westminster house in the evening. The Des 
Moines Meeting was reported by delegates, and both home and for- 
eign missions received inspiration. Eld. Uriah Bixler has been in- 
strumental in sending mother installment of $425 through our regular 
church channels for Armenian-Syrian Relief. The offerings from our 
Sunday-schools and the church for benevolences exceed any former 
year in the history of this church.— W. E. Roop, Westminster, Md., 
Jan. 12. 


Crystal church met in members' meeting Jan. 2. Bro. Geo. E. Stone 
was chosen as elder for 1920; R. B. Noll, Sunday-school superintend- 
ent; W. H. Roose, correspondent. We expect Eld. J. Edson Ulery to 
be with us some time in February, to conduct revival meetings. Bro. 
Stone has gone to Northwestern Ohio, to stay with his sister until 
spring. He will he greatly missed. We have lost about ten of our 
workers, most of whom are at North Manchester. Bro. Floyd Bol- 
linger presided at our recent council.— W. H. Roose, Crystal, Mich., 
Jan. 8. 

Elsie.— The Christian Workers' Society rendered a Christmas pro- 
gram and contributed gifts of food and money for a poor family. 
Other lines of practical work have been sick visitation, and sending 
of fruits and flowers to unfortunate ones of our community. Begin- 
ning with the new year, we arc enjoying a change at the Christian 
Workers' hour in a class of teacher-training, using the first book of 
the Standard Course. We also' have one session in study of the Book 
of Acts— both conducted by our minister. Our Sunday-school is he- 
ginning the use of " Foundation Truths " and " Child's Life of Christ." 
The interest of»the children is evident.— Mrs. David P. Schechter. 
Elsie, Mich., Jan. 12. 

Grand Rapids church met in council Dec. 10. Bert Van Eps was 
elected church cler^ Thos. Hopper, member of financial board; Mil- 
dred Whcaton, president of Christian Workers. The average attend- 
ance at our Sunday-school, the past year, has been 118. We can 
report that ours is a Front-line school for 1919. We have six organ- 
ized classes, which have done quite efficient work along various lines. 
More than $100 was sent from our school for Armenian-Syrian Relief. 
A number of young men from our church are at Bethany and North 
Manchester, preparing themselves for service in the Master^ cause. 
A number of families of members have moved to Grand Rapids, from 
near by churches, to spend the winter, and are lending thoir efforts 
in the cliurch^and Sunday-school work, which is much appreoiated.— 
Mrs, M. M. Chambers, Grand Rapids, Mich., Jan. 12. 

Onekama church met in council Jan. 3, with Eld. J. E. Ulery pre- 
siding. Six letters were granted and it was decided to hold a series 
of meetings the early part of next fall, to be conducted by the elder. 
—Alma Wise, Onekama, Mich., Jan. 7. 

Sugar Ridge church met in council Jan. 3, with Bro. Kreider pre- 
siding. Four letters were granted. Bro. D." O. Flory was reelected 
trustee, and Bro. Wilson Miller was elected to fill a vacancy for one 
year. Owing to the condition of the Scottvillc house, we decided to 
discontinue services there until spring. Brethren Wilson Miller, H. 
C. Roycr and the writer were selected as a committee to investigate 
the possibility of securing a pastor for the coming year.— Wm. Sax- 
Ion, Custer, Mich., Jan. 7. 


Worthington.— Dec. 23 we held our promotion exercises, when twenty 
Sunday-school scholars received diplomas and were promoted to 
higher grades. At the close of the program we had an installation 
of teachers. Christmas night we enjoyed a program given by the 
" Ever Ready" Sunday-school class. We took an offering of $70- for 
Armenian Relief. We will also add our surplus Sunday-school money 
to this amount. We have just closed a two weeks' singing-class, con- 
ducted by Sister Marie Olson, of Bethany, There "was very good 
interest throughout the term and we feel we have all been built up 
spiritually by having Sister Olson with us.— Ruth Eddy, Worthing- 
ton, Minn., Jan. 7. 


Bethany church met in council Dec. 27, with Eld. E. W. Mason 
presiding. Three letters were granted and the following officers 
elected; Sunday-school superintendent, Bro. E. J. Yancey; Christian 
Workers' president, Sister Doll Clemens. Christmas Day the Gospel 
Team of McPherson, Kans., gave us three good programs and on the 
following Sunday Bro. Walter Mason, of Arcadia, Nebr., gave us an 
excellent message— Mrs. Effie Maydcn, Norborne, Mo., Jan. 2. 

Fairview church met in council Jan. 10, with Bro. J. B. Hylton 
presiding. Two letters of membership were granted. We retained 
our old officers for the coming year, with Eld. J. B. Hylton in charge. 
We decided to continue our Sunday-school through the winter 
months.— B*llc Hylton, Mansfield, Mo., Jan. 14. 

Mineral Creek.— Our officers for this year are as follows: Bro. D. L. 
Mohler, elder; Bro. D. M, Wenrick, Sunday-school superintendent; 
Bro. E. M. Mohler, foreman of the Christian Workers' committee. 
We are glad to welcome Bro. Arthur -Garvey and family, who recently 
moved here from Adrian, Mo.— Ruth Pentecost, Lecton, Mo., Jan. 13. 

KalUpell church met in council Jan. 3, with Brethren Harp and 
Kauffman presiding. We elected church officers for the year, with 
Bro. James Harp, elder; Bro.-Dowe Shilling, clerk; Sister Ollie Harp, 
"Messenger" agent; Bro. J6hn Murer, trustee; the writer, cor- 
respondent. Letters were granted to Brother and Sister Fox, who 
arc going away to school. We are expecting Bro. M. Alva Long to 
hold a scries of meetings in the near future.— Sister Mary E. Harp, 
Kalisp.ll, Mont., Jan. 8. 


South Red Cloud.— We met in council Dec. 27, with Eld. John Ernst 
presiding. Church officers were elected for the coming year: Sister 
N. P. Campbell, clerk; Bro. John Rawls, Sunday-school superintend- 
ent. We decided to try the budget plan this year. Strong and ef- 
fective talks were given, impressing the need of greater devotion 
and service.— Mrs. Emma Blickenstaff. Red Cloud, Nebr., Jan. 10. 


Am well. — The work here is progressing nicely. Five have been 
added to our church during the year. We have a Willing Workers' 
Class that is doing a splendid work and the outlook this year is still 
better. Our prayer meetings are well attended; last Thursday even- 
ing we had twenty-three present.— H. T. Home, Sergeantsville, N. 
J., Jan. 9. 


Clovis.— Our Sunday-school gave the " White Gift Service," with a 
program of songs, recitations and readings. Offerings were made as 
follows: Cradle Roll and Beginners, cash for Child-Saving work in 
our District, $5.61; lour classes for the Armenians, $12.15; young peo- 
ple and audience for a sick brother, $22.S5; other gifts in groceries 
and material things for needy at home, $11. This is the third such 
service our Sunday-school has given. We met in council Jan. 2 and 
church officers were elected: Elder, Bro. S. E. Thompson; clerk and 
" Messenger " correspondent. Sister Minnie B. Rodes; Missionary 
Committee, Sisters Minnie B. Rodes, Mary Fager and Florence An- 
thony. Officers elected for six months; Sunday-school superintend- 
ents, A. J. Rodes and C. W. Bradley; Christian Workers' president, 
Bro. Ray Fager. All the indebtedness on the church building was 
paid and it was decided to scat and complete our church inside and 
dedicate it in March, at which time we expect Bro. D. L. Miller to 
visit us. Recently a Mission Study Class of nearly twenty has been 
organized, taught by the -pastor. — Minnie B. Rodes, Clovis, N. Mex., 
Jan. 6. 


Pleasant Grove.— Our Sunday-school is progressing nicely. We re- 
organized Dec. 28 and elected Bro. Grady Masters, superintendent. 
He is attending a Bible School at Melvin Hill, at this writing.— Dora 
Bryant, Pleasant Grove, N. C, Jan. 9. 

In Appreciation. — Many, many lovely Christmas and New Year 
greetings came to us, and we wish to thank our members and friends 
for their kindly remembrances. We wish we could take time to write 
personally to each one, but since this is not possible, we take this 
means to say: "Thank you," and to wish you all a very happy and 
fruitful new year.— Leander and Mary Smith, Box 632, Minot, N. 
Dak., Jan. 14. 


Akron.— We met in council, with Eld. A. F. Shriver presiding. Our 
pastor, Bro. Kicffaber, was also with us. We have decided to hold 
two love feasts this year— one in May and the other in the fall. We 
have organized a Mothers' Meeting, with Sister Maggie Burtoff, 
president. They expect to have a meeting once a month. Our 
school is prospering very nicely, under the supervision of our super- 
intendent and his corps of workers. Our Cradle Roll superintendent. 
Sister Ethel Howenstien, and assistant, arc doing fine work in this 
city. The Ladies' Aid Society also gave a very good report.— Theo- 
dore Brumbaugh, East Akron, Ohio, Jan. 3. 

Ashland (First Church).— Even the children feel the impetus of the 
Forward Movement 6f the times, as was evinced by the interest and 
attendance at Sunday-sctiool on Promotion Day, Jan. 4. "Advance" 
is our watchword for the coming year. A high tribute of regard 
was paid the teachers and officials of the school in the fact that, 
with few exceptions, they were reelected for 1920. The year opens 
with encouraging prospects. Bro. G. A. Cassel and P. A. Bailey 
continue to serve as superintendents, with Sister Quincy Leckrone 
as primary superintendent. Sunday, Jan. 11, we welcomed back into 
our midst, for a few hours' time, Bro. W. D. Keller, of Canton, Ohio, 
formerly of Ashland. Bro. Keller dealt out the Bread of Life richly. 
His brief visit left us better, both socially and spiritually.— Oma 
Karn. 903 Orange Street, Ashland, Ohio, Jan. 12. 

Black Swamp.— Dec. 28 the Beginners' and Primary classes rendered 
a Christmas program. In the evening we reorganized our Christian 
Workers' Society, with Sister Edith Baker, president. The Begin- 
ners' and Primary classes, taught by Sisters Edith Baker and Mabel 
Kaser, with the help of the Sunday-school, have pledged themselves 
to support an orphan in India. The Home Department and Cradle 
Roll are in good working order.— Mrs. Asenath Baker, Lemoyne, 
Ohio, Jan. 9. 

Harris Creek.— Dec. 19 we closed a two and one-half weeks' series of 
meetings, conducted by Bro, R. H. Nicodemus, of Chicago. While 
the attendance was not what we would have liked, yet we feel that 
much lasting good was accomplished. Bro. Nicodemus preached the 
plain Gospel truths with power. One accepted Christ. Dec, 21 we 
enjoyed a Christmas program, given by the Primary and Junior De- 
partments of our Sunday-school. Sister Effie Berkebile was again 
chosen superintendent of our Primary Department; Sister Cassie 
Hoover, of the Home Department, and Sister Echo Miller, ol the 
Cradle Roll— Mrs. H. R. Hoover, Bradford, Ohio, Jan. 9. 

Marble Furnace.— We organized our Christian Workers' Meeting 
last night, with Bro. H. C. Hayncs, president. The people seem in- 
terested in the work and the service will be held in connection with 
our regular prayer meeting. The meetings seem to be growing in 
interest, so that we anticipate a harvest of souls. We have the prom- 
ise of Bro. R. N. Lcathcrman, of Cincinnati, to be with us in May for 
a meeting.— L. C. Ramsey, Peebles, Ohio, Jan. 12. 

Sand Ridge.— Brethren C. A. Wright and Harold Chambers came to 
us recently for a few meetings. Bro. Wright gave us eight sermons, 
Bro. Chambers assisting in the song services. One stood for Christ 
during the meetings; others seemed near, but would not yield. We 
met in council Dec. 13, the writer presiding. We deferred electing 
our Sunday-school officers for three months. Other matters were 
considered. As the writer is moving to Michigan this spring, he 
offered his resignation as elder, which is to take effect at our next 
quarterly council, If any of the " Messenger " readers know of mem- 
bers living near any of the following Michigan towns, please inform 
the writer: Durand. Byron, Bancroft, Gaines. Several members have 
bought farms in this vicinity and will move there the coming spring. 
— L, H. Prowant, Hamler, Ohio, Jan. 10. 

Springfield (First Church).— We have had some interesting stere- 
opticon views of India, China and the Five- Year Forward Movement. 
Bro. Van B. Wright and wife conducted our series of meetings and 
good interest was shown throughout. Two confessed Christ and one 
was reclaimed. Our Christmas program was given Dec. 21. The an- 
nual members' meeting was held Jan. 8. Last Sunday Bro. Inman 
preached a fitting sermon in the morning, after which the teachers 
and officers were installed.— Orma Smith, Springfield, Ohio, Jan, 14. 


Oklahoma City church met in council Jan. 9, with Eld. John R. 
Pitzer presiding. Eld. J, H, Morris and wife called for their church 
letter, which was granted. Bro. Ray S. Wagoner and wife were re- 
ceived by letter. We decided to hold our members' meeting quarterly 
instead of semiannually. We elected church and Christian Work- 
ers' officers for the ensuing year and Sunday-school officers for six 
months as follows: Elder, John R. Pitzer; clerk, C. C. Clark; Christian 
Workers' president, J. E. Franks; Sunday-school superintendent, C 
C. Clark, On account of the weather being very stormy, our attend- 
ance was small, but the spirit was the very best. We have been 
pleased with our growth in the past, but expect larger things during 
live coming year.— G. V. Diller, Oklahoma City, Okla., Jan. 13. 

Paradise Prairie church met in council Dec. 27, with Eld. N. S. Gripe 
presiding. Christian Workers' officers were elected, with Bro. Jos. 
Carrier, president. The church decided to give the lourth Sunday 
collection to home missions, and the birthday collection to the Ar- 
menian Relief.— Emma J. Westfall, Coyle, Okla., Jan. 14. 

Thomas church met in council Jan. 3, with Bro. F. E. Marchand 
presiding. Officers elected were: Bro. F. E. Marchand, elder in 
charge; the writer, correspondent; Bro. B. F. Stutzman, Sunday- 
school superintendent. A Local Missionary Committee of three was 
elected to look after the isolated points in this congregation. We 
were much encouraged and are looking forward to making the com- 
ing year the best in church and Sunday-school. Our weekly prayer 
meetings are being continued regardless of cold and atonuy weather. 
—Dora Cripe, Thomas, Okla., Jau. 6. 

Washita church met in council Jan. 3, with Eld. J. R. Pitxer pre- 
siding. Officers for the coming year were elected: Bro. J. R. Pitzer, 

elder; Bro. John Merkey, Sunday-school superintendent; Bro. Lather 
Hamit, Christian Workers' president; Sister O. D. Yoder, Junior 
League president; Bro. L, A. Vaniman, church clerk; the writer, cor- 
respondent. Five letters were received.— Pearl Wiltfong, Cordell, 
Okla., Jan. 10. 


Myrtle Point.— Our series of meetings closed Jan. 4, conducted by 
our District Evangelist, Bro. S. F. Sanger. Although no one publicly 
confessed Christ, yet we believe that much good was done. Our 
Sunday-school gave a splendid program on Christmas morning, after 
which every one enjoyed a bountiful dinner. Several of the poor 
of the town were fed at the church and lunches were carried to 
some who could not be with us.— Rachel Michael, Myrtle Point, 
Oregon, Jan. 10. 

Portland (Oregon).— Dec. 31 a goodly number of the members met 
at the church for a watch meeting, the service being conducted by 
our Sunday-school superintendent, Bro. M. R. Caslow. The time was 
spent in prayer, song, readings and Scripture verses. After the 
meeting, all went to the basement, where a social time was enjoyed 
and light refreshments were served by our young people's class. Jan. 
4 Bro. Ira Fox, of Brooklyn, Iowa, preached a very interesting sermon 
on " Sin." In the evening we were favored with a sermon by Bro. 
H. H. Ritter, of Mabel, Oregon. Both services were very much en- 
joyed by those in attendance. Bro. Fox also gave our Christian 
Workers' Society some inspiring thoughts on the " Forward Move- 
ment."— Jeannctte King, Vancouver, Wash., Jan. 5. 

Annville.— At the Ministerial and Sunday-school Meetings, Nov. 4-6, 
our superintendent, Bro. Bucher, made a pledge In behalf of the 
Sunday-school, of $50 towards a church at Freeville, N. Y. We had 
services at the St. Annville house Christmas morning, conducted by 
our home ministers. Jan. 11 five were added to the church by bap- 
tism. During 1919 four of our members were called away by death 
and eleven were added to the church. — Fannie Kreider, Lebanon, Pa., 
Jan. 12. 

Codorus church met in council Jan. 1, with Eld. David Y. Brillhart 
presiding. One certificate was received and five granted. Elders 
Albert Hollingcr and E. S. Miller were with us and assisted in or- 
daining Bro. J. H. Keller and wife, and Bro. L M. Bowser, as elders. 
An election was held for a minister and Bro. S. C Godfrey was 
chosen and installed. The following dates have been selected for our 
spring love feasts: Fairview house, May 16; Codorus house, Jan. 6. 
Bro. Wolaver, of Bittersville, Pa., has notified the church that he 
wishes to donate a deed for a building, suitably remodeled for church 
service, and lot. The church very much appreciates this gift,— E. H. 
Lehman, Dallastown, Pa., Jan. 9. 

Everett church met Dec. 21 and elected the following officers: Pas- 
tor, Ira C. Holsopple; superintendent of Sunday-school, Paul Hersb- 
bcrger; president of Christian Workers, H. W. Simmons. Jan. 12 the 
church met in council, with Eld. J. S. Hershberger presiding. One 
letter was granted and the various officers made their reports which 
were good. The Ladies' Aid also was able to make a splendid report. 
A parsonage fund has now been started and a committee, consisting 
of D. C. Cypher and John Drenning, was appointed to receive the 
funds. It was decided to render a missionary program once each 
month. The church also decided to call Eld. M. C Swigart, of Ger- 
mantown, Pa., to assist in the evangelistic meetings this fall.— 
Nancy Lashley, Everett, Pa., Jan. 14. 

Georges Creek congregation met in council at the Fairview house 
Jan. 10, with Eld. C. M. Driver in charge. Officers were elected for 
the year, with Bro. Driver as elder and pastor. Seven directors 
were also chosen. The church has bought a parsonage. — Haddie Mer- 
ryman, Masontown, Pa., Jan. 13. 

Hanover church met in council Jan. 7, with Eld. Daniel Bowser 
presiding. Officers for the ensuing year were elected: Bro. Jos. J. 
Price, Sunday-school superintendent; Bro. Jacob E. Myers, president 
of Christian Workers; the writer, correspondent. Brother and Sister 
David L. Little volunteered to establish a library in the church at 
their own expense. This proposition was accepted by the churcb. We 
will hold our love least May 1, The Sunday-school rendered a Christ- 
mas program, at which time Eld, Daniel Bowser and Bro. Jas. Leh- 
man, of York, gave short addresses. — Mary A. Rhinehart, Hanover, 
Pa., Jan. 10. 

Lititz church met in council Jan. 7, with Eld. J. W. G. Hershey 
presiding. One letter was granted and officers were elected: Elder, J. 
W. G. Hershey; Sunday-school superintendent, H. R. Gibbel; Chris- 
tian Workers' president, H. M. Eberly. Our membership now num- 
bers 189. During the year twenty -one were received by baptism, 
fourteen by letter and two by fellowship. Since our last report one 
has been baptized. Jan. 2 Sister Elsie Shickel gave a splendid address 
on Sunday-school work. Our birthday mission box was opened and 
the offering amounted to $62.94. This sum was increased to $70 by a 
free-will offering in order to pay for the support of two India or- 
phans.— Florence B. Gibbel, Lititz, Pa., Jan. 10. 

Lost Creek congregation met in council Jan. 1 in the Good Will 
house, with Bro. J. E. Rowland as moderator. Sunday-school officers 
for Good Will were elected, with Bro. Samuel, Burns, superintendent. 
Bro. J. E. Rowland was elected pastor for the ensuing year, and was 
also chosen to represent our congregation as delegate to the next 
Annual Meeting. Bro. Geo. Strawser was elected elder for another 
year.— I. P. Bashor, McAlisterville, Pa., Jan. 13. 

Maple Glen church met in council Jan. 3. Eld. L. A. Peck presided. 
A feeling of love prevailed throughout the meeting. Considerable 
business was transacted— all of it being an accumulation since our 
last meeting. We are glad to report a feeling of good will among 
our members. The Sunday-school and Aid Society are in a very 
encouraging and prosperous condition. Both have contributed copi- 
ously to our building fund. Had it not been for the help received 
from them, the burden might have been greater than we could have 
borne. We have reorganized our Sunday-school and are looking for- 
ward to a splendid year of good work.— Mrs. P. S. Davis, Springs, Pa., 
Jan. 12. 

Parker Ford.— The Christmas season for our church was very en- 
joyable. Two entertainments were given— one by the Primary De- 
partment and the other by the larger boys and girls. At the former 
program, slides of the various Madonna and Christ-child pictures 
and the birth of Christ, were shown and explained by Sister Dixon. 
Christmas morning, at five o'clock, fourteen of the young folks went 
(Continued on Page 64) 


ANKENYTOWN, OHIO.— Report of Sisters' Aid Society of the Owl 
Creek church from April 1. 1919, to Jan. 1, 1920: We held 11 meet- 
ings; enrollment, 27; average attendance, 7. Amount in treasury 
April 1, 1919, $9.94; Easter egg gathering, $62.63; sales, dues, dona- 
tions. $31.48; Christmas sale, $97.15; total, $201.20; expenses, Armenian 
Relief, $10; Annual Meeting offering, $62.63; material, $21.57; total, 
$94.20; balance, $107. Officers: President, Mary Workman; Vice-Presi- 
dent, Clara Barton; Secretary, Blanche Leonard; Treasurer, Martha 
Bechtcl; Superintendent, Lizzie Toms.— Delia Leonard, Fredericktown, 
Ohio, Jan. 5. 

BRIDGEWATER, VA.— Report of the Junior Aid Society for 1919: 
Number enrolled, 22; number regular meetings held, 11; called meet- 
ings, 1; average attendance, 13. Work done: 12 aprons and 12 pot- 
holders for Chicago Mission; papers sent monthly to Bro. D. B. Gar- 
bcr for West Virginia Mission, and one comforter. Receipts, $90.97; 
expenditures, $53.37; Sister Clara Krumra, $5; Sister Swigart. $1; An- 
nual Meeting Fund. $5; miscellaneous, $42.37; balance, $37.60. Officers: 
President, Virginia Flory; Vice-President, Cora Click; Secretary- 
Treasurer, Ivy Miller; Assistant, Ruth Senger.— Carrie F. Click, 
Bridgcwatcr, Va., Jan. 2. 

BURK1TTSV1LLE, MD.— Report of Pleasant View Aid Society for 
1919: Number of active members enrolled, 15, We had 9 all-day and 
15 half-day meetings, with an average attendance of 8. We made 
172 articles of clothing, including SO for the Red Cross, and quilted 
4 quilts. We received during the year far work done, collections, 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 24, 1920 

fees, donations, etc, $181.53; paid oat. $122.08; balance, $59.45. We paid 
$25 to India Famine sufferers; $35 to Old Folks' Home at San Mar; 
$23 to India School; $22 to China hospital; $S to Bethany Bible School 
for Thanksgiving dinner for poor; sent bos of new clothing, consist- 
ing of 54 pieces, to Timberville, Va„ Orphans' Home. We had donated 
to onr society material and clothing; also a new sewing-machine by 
the Men's Bible Class and others, and $1075 in money. Officers: 
President, Sister Ruth Ausherrnan; Vice-President, Sister Bertha 
Bowlns; Superintendent, Sister Macie Guyton; Assistant, Sister Em- 
ma Arnold; Treasurer, Sister Elsie Lewis; Secretary, the writer.— 
Mary C. Bowlns. Burkittsville, Md., Jan. 5. 

CEDAR CREEK. 1ND.— Report of Sisters' Aid Society from August 
1, 1919, to Jan. 1, 1920: Number of meetings held, 8; average attend- 
ance, S; made and sold 63 pieces, for which we received $29.60; gen- 
eral collection. $8.64; custom work, $2.80; donation, $3; total, $44.04; 
general expenses, $31.98. President, Mrs. B. D. Kerlin; Vice-Presi- 
dent, Sadie Ober; Secretary, Esther Stonestrcct; Assistant, Elizabeth 
Smith; Treasurer, Nettie Hart.— J. Esther Stonestreet, Garrett, Ind., 
Jan. 8. 

CONSUL, SASJC, CAN.— Report of the Battle Creek Sisters* Aid 
Society for 1919: Amount in treasury from 1918, $17.35; collections re- 
ceived, $14 JO; sold 9 prayer- cove rings, 1 apron, 1 comforter and 
quilted two quilts, total, $15.19; gave $17 for Child Rescue work; $6.10 
for cap material; balance, $23.55. The old officers were reelected 
for the following year.— Flossie M. Cox. Consul, Sask., Can., Jan. 4. 

DAYTON. OHIO.— Report of Ladies" Aid Society of the West Day- 
ton church for 1919: Number of meetings held, 32; total attendance, 
394; average, 12; offerings, $31.09; average, 77 cents; cash donations, 
$76.62; cash receipts, $I,U2J0; on hand Jan. 1, 1919, $37.11; total, $1,- 
149 JO; total expenditures, $1,034.71; balance, $64.59. Work done: Gar- 
ments made, 634; quilts, 11; comforts, 11; comfort-lops pieced, 6; 
articles sold, $673; meals served, 15. Contributions: Church furnish- 
ings and miscellaneous offerings, $27.25; clothing for the poor, $7.56; 
Sunday School Board, for field workers, $25; general church fund, 
$25; Armenian -Syrian Relief, $10; apportionment for the China and 
India field. $15; Christmas offering to Brother and Sister Warner, 
$15; building fund, $450; total. $574.81; net earnings, $639.40; second- 
hand clothing given to the Red Cross for relief work in Thrace. 107 
garments and II pair of shoes. The society elected new officers, with 
Mrs. Wilbur Kleppinger, Secretary.— Mrs. D. F. Warner, Secretary- 
Treasurer, Dayton, Ohio, Jan. 8. 

ELKHART. IND.— Report of the Sisters' Aid Society for 1919: We 
sewed for the Red Cross 7 days and made 109 garments; met five days 
and made 107 garments; quilted 10 quilts; made 9 comforters; sold 
67 prayer- coverings; number of meetings, 42; average attendance, 7; 
amount on band, $41.16. Officers: President, Sister Mayer; Vice- 
President, Sister Barthel; Superintendents, Sisters Runkel and Mey- 
er; Secretary-Treasurer, the writer.— Mrs. Kreps, Elkhart, Ind., Jan. 5. 
FRANKLIN GROVE, ILL.— Following is our Aid Society report for 
1919: Enrollment, 25; average attendance, 10; regular meetings, 24; 
offerings and receipts, $138.72; cash paid out, $133.45; balance, $5.27. 
We gave for native worker in India, $16; hospital in China, $20; 
Girls' School in India, $20; war orphan, $37; cash offerings, $93. We 
sent 2 barrels of provisions and 2 sacks clothing to Chicago; also 
sewed for Orphanage at Mt. Morris; quilted 5 quilts, tied 9 comforters; 
made 13 gowns and 27 hospital garments for relief work; pieced quilt- 
tops, etc. Officers: Sister Mollie Zarger, President; Sister Mary 
Lehman, -superintendent; Sister Florence Wingert, Assistant; the 
writer, Secretary-Treasurer.— Mrs. Grace Wolf, Franklin Grove, III., 
Jan. 4. 

GOSHEN, IND.— Report of Aid Society of the West Goshen church. 
Officers: President, Sister Nannie Priser; Vice-President, Sister Sarah 
Cripe; Treasurer, Sister Bertha George; Superintendent, Sister Lovina 
Bigler. Our roll call was 39; visitors present, 38; calls made to the 
sick, 464. We held 31 meetings; total number present, 440; average 
attendance, 14; total collection, $21.30; average, 67 cents. Various 
articles were made and sold, but our work consisted mostly of quilt- 
ing, making bonnets and coverings and many other small articles, 
besides sewing for the needy. Donations in money, labor and cloth- 
ing, $43.27. We sent clothing to the Orphanage at Mexico, Ind., 
valued at $5.75; clothing to S. W. Garber, Ottumwa, Iowa, $15; Aid 
and church seDt a box to Bro. J. W. Lear, $43; clothing to Logans- 
port, Ind., $17J5; money and material donated to the Aid, $31.70; on 
hand, Jan. 1. 1919, $61.13; received for articles sold, $124.89; collections, 
$21.30; total, $207.32. For support of an orphan in China, $25; Girls' 
School in China, $10; Hospital in China, $5; Belgians, $10; Winona 
auditorium, $10; World-wide Missions, $15; Hastings Street Mission, 
Chicago, $10; Forward Movement, $35; material, $13.86; balance, $65.69; 
material on hand, $58.44; money received from rainy-day bags, $43.46. 
—Emma McManus, Goshen, Ind., Jan. 10. 

HICKORY GROVE, ILL--Our Aid Society was organized Jane 29, 
1919, with a membership of 24; we held 9 meetings, with an average 
attendance of 10 members and 6 visitors. We did quilting and other 
sewing for members. The remainder of the time was spent in sewing 
for the society. Admission fees and membership dues, $26.85; dona- 
tions, $11.67; dinner by members, $8.05; sale of ice cream and cake at 
two socials, $108.71; for labor, $9.05; merchandise and food sale, $115.52; 
total, $279.79. Expenditures: supplies for socials, $39.21; merchandise 
for sewing, $30.89; to invalid, local member, $10; applied to parsonage, 
$40; to janitor's fund, $5; for rugs presented to pastor's wife and 
church, $4.65; church carpet, $10; mission fund, $10; total, $149.75; 
balance, $130.04. President, Mrs. G, G. Canfield; Vice-President, Mrs. 
Albert Frank; Secretary -Treasurer, the writer.— Mrs. Davis Crouse, 
Savanna, HI, Jan. 10. 

LIMA, OHIO.— Report of Sisters' Aid Society of the Pleasant View 
church for 1919: We held 12 all-day meetings with an average at- 
tendance of 11; total enrolled, 43. On hand Jan. 1, 1919, $19.76; dues, 
$44.94; donations. $8.46; birthday offerings, $4.23; for sewing, $1.25; for 
name quilt, $65.80; for sale dinners, $88.99; total, $213.67. Expenditures: 
For materia], $68J8; express charges, $1.46; support of India native 
worker, $75; Annual Meeting offering, $10; total, $154.84; balance, 
$78.59. The Society's work consisted of quilting 4 quilts, knotting 
comforters and making garments for women and children. We also 
made a missionary flag for the church, some table-cloths and aprons, 
and did some sewing for the Rescue Home in Lima. One box of 
clothing was sent to Chicago, valued at $72.40; also a box of provi- 
sions, valued at $40. Officers: Sister Alice Carroll, President;. Sister 
Lizzie Driver, Vice-President; the writer, Secretary-Treasurer.— Elsie 
Younkman, Lima, Ohio, Jan. 7. 

LINCOLN, NEBR.— Report of the Sisters' Aid Society for 1919: We 
held 42 meetings, with an average attendance of 7; our receipts for 
the year were $1S3.66. Most of this was earned by quilting. We gave 
$15 to the hospital in China; $15 to Girls' Boarding-school in India; 
$20 for Famine Relief in India; $5 to World-wide Missions; $10 to 
Omaha debt; $7 to Powell fund; $29 for home work. Caroline Brown, 
President; Priscilla Kilhefner, Vice-President.— Susan Roelofsz, Sec- 
retary-Treasurer, Lincoln, Nebr, Jan. 9. 

MINOT, N. DAK.— Report of Sisters' Aid Society for 1919: Our en- 
rollment is only 11. but we have been trying to do our bit. Our work 
consisted of piecing quilt and comforter- tops, tying off comforters, 
making aprons, prayer-coverings, etc. Officers: President, Sister 
Mary Smith; Vice-President, Sister Lena Wagoner; Secretary, the 
writer; Treasurer, Sister Maggie Shorb; Superintendent, Sister J. 
M. Deeter; Assistant, the writer. We are very thankful for the 
clothing sent ns by other societies as we find some very destitute 
families in this city who are much in need.— Ella M. Flower, Minot, 
N. Dak., Jan. 2. 

NEWTON, KANS.-The Sisters' Aid Society organized Oct. 15, 1919. 
with an enrollment of 19. Officers: Mary Mishler, President; Lottie 
Royer, Vice-President; Gladys Miller, Secretary; Candace Snoeberger. 
Treasurer. We have knotted 6 comforters; made up 3 sacks of cloth- 
ing and bedding, valued at $8S, two of which were sent to Bro. Feiler 
at Hutchinson, Sans., for the poor, and the other was given to the 
Home Associated Charities of Newton. The average attendance at 
each meeting is 10.— Gladys Miller, Newton, Kana., Jan. 6. 

OAK GROVE, VA-— Report of Sisters' Aid Society, Lebanon con- 
gregation, for 1919: We met in 11 regular and 2 called meetings; en- 
rollment, 24; average attendance, 11. We made prayer coverings, 
comforters, pillow-cases, aprons, towels, sun-bonnets and various 
other articles. Balance carried over from 1918, $24.26; free-will offer- 
ings, $37-81; birthday offerings, $5.61; donations, $10.73; special offer- 
ings, $42.78; goods sold, $72.43; prayer- cove rings, $8.95; Larkin goods. 

$60.47; extracts, $15.75; total, $278.79. Paid out for benevolent pur- 
poses: $25 for child in India; $5 for Mary Quintcr Hospital; $36.50, 
French orphan; $25, Sister Valley Miller, China; $25, apportionment 
in General Aid Society movement; $40 toward remodeling and carpet- 
ing Lebanon church; $7.25, Christmas gift for French orphan; $6,75, 
sheets and gowns for a sick sister; total for benevolence, $145.50; ma- 
terials, $85.01; disbursements, $230.51; balance, $43.28. We sent out two 
valuable Sunshine boxes to the sick. Officers: President, Sister 
Laura Zigler; Vice-President, Sister Lucy Sheets; Superintendents, 
Sisters Josic Cline and Sal lie Wine; Secretaries, Sisters Mary and 
Annie Wine; Treasurer, Sister Kate Cline; Assistant, Sister Laura 
Winc.-Iva M. Fisher. Staunton, Va., Jan. 9. 

OMAHA, NEBR.— The Sisters' Aid Society held 10 meetings since 
June 1, 1919, with an average attendance of 8. We received from a 
bake saie $20.25; annual Christmas bazar, $37.53; total receipts, $125,30; 
paid toward pastor's support, $60.25; $10 toward District expenses; 
$10 to Girls' School in India and hospital in China; balance, $36.43.— 
Mrs. W. A. Ogden. Secretary, Omaha, Nebr., Dec. S. 

PERU. IND.— Sisters' Aid Society officers for 1920: Sister Cora 
Neff, President; Cassie Erb. Superintendent; Effie Daily, Secretary. 
We also appointed a flower committee to sec to sending flowers to 
the sick. A visiting -committee is appointed by the President at 
every business meeting, to serve for that month. We held 12 busi- 
ness meetings during 1919; total of all meetings held, 34, with an 
average attendance of 9; total attendance, 328. We had on hand Jan. 
I, 1919. $25.55; work done and extra missionary collection, dues, etc., 
$93.22; total, $118.77; paid out for benevolenoes, $65.40; materials, $24.14; 
balance, $29.60. We quilted 7 quilts and knotted 21 comforts; made 43 
garments, besides mending and one day's work to the Orphans' 
Home at Mexico.— Martha Barnhart, Peru, Ind., Jan. 5. 

ROSSVILLE, IND.— Report of the Sisters' Aid Society for 1919: We 
held four all-day meetings and nine afternoon meetings, with an 
average attendance of nine. Our work for the past few months has 
consisted largely of quilting. Thus far we have completed four 
quilts. Wc received from donor members, $29.50; offerings, $12.56; 
for quilting and other work done, $49.20; balance from 1918, $23.70. 
We paid out for material, $23.52; to a needy family in town, $5; to 
Armenian and Syrian relief, $5.90; to church for carpet, $12.00; to 
Thanksgiving relief work Chicago, $10; to a sister in Chicago 
for Christmas, $5; to Southern District. $10.78; quota towards " For- 
ward Movement," $20; other expenses, $24.97; balance, $18.25. We also 
donated one comfort to the Home at Middletown. Officers: President, 
Sister Ella Hatcher; Vice-President, Sister Helen Beydler; Superin- 
tendent, Sister Hannah Mctzger; Assistant, Sister Blanche Goche- 
nour; Secretary-Treasurer, the writer; Assistant, Sister Lillian Huf- 
ford,— Vernie Metzger, Rossville, Ind., Jan. 7. 

SIDNEY. OHIO.— During the year our Aid Society held 23 meetings; 
enrollment, 20; average attendance, 8. We made 35 comforts, 13 
dresses, 10 aprons, 5 sun-bonnets, 5 skirts and 7 clothes-pin aprons, 
besides cutting and piecing quilt-blocks. We received in does, $17.53; 
total, $171.77; paid for material, S8SJS; city nurse, $20; temperance 
work of Shelby County, $5; "Forward Movement," $10; World-wide 
Missions, $5; colored school in Georgia, $2.50; Bro. Helm for mission 
work, $1; "Gospel Messenger" for a sister, ^1; total, $152.78. We 
sent two comforts and clothing to the Belgians, gave one comfort 
and goods for a dress to a sister; bought a rocker for our pastor's 
wife for a New Year's gift. Officers: Sadie Brenneman, President; 
the writer, Secretary-Treasurer.— Mrs. Ellen Albaugh, Sidney. Ohio, 
Jan. 10. 

SILVERLAKE, IND".— During the year the Eel River Aid Society 
held 12 meetings, with an average attendance of 13. We finished 109 
garments, 6 pair of pillow-cases, 11 bonnets and I comforter. We re- 
ceived $30.67; $38.46 for garments sold; $10.08 birthday offering; $1.80 
lor sewing; $52.90 solicitation; total, $133.88; expense for material, 
$64.50; to District Aid Society Secretary, 25 cents; Sister Anna Iffert, 
chorister for our revival, $35; missionary offering to Annual Con- 
ference, $15; Sister Long, $17.90; garments to the value of $31.90 to 
Mexico Home; garments and eatables to Chicago Mission, to the 
value of $30.75; total expense, $132.62; on hand Jan. 1, 1919, $28.79; 
balance. $30.05. Officers: Sister Mary Metzger, President; Sister 
Elma Matson, Vice-President; Sister Sarah Tridle, Superintendent; 
Sister Susan Metzger, Assistant; Sister Mattie Tridle, Secretary- 
Treasurer; Sister Grace Fultz, Assistant.— Alice Fultz, Silverlake, 
Ind., Jan. 5. 

WHITE HILL, VA.— Report of Sisters' Aid Society for 1919: We 
have 14 members; number of meetings held, 10 regular and 8 called; 
average attendance, 8. We made 5 bonnets, 23 prayer-coverings, 17 
aprons and 5 comforters. Amount on hand Jan. 1, 1919, $2.60; re- 
ceived during the year, $117.40; expenses, for material, $45.23; Orphans' 
Home at Timberville, Va„ $8; Home Missions, $18.60; India, $5; China, 
$5; "Gospel Messenger" subscriptions, $6; balance, $10.71. Officers: 
President, Anna Flory; Vice-President, Kate Campbell; Treasurer, 
Mary Chandler; Secretary, Nellie Harris.— Mary E. Hall. Stuarts 
Draft, Va.. Jan. 8. 


Marriage notices should be accompanied by 50 centa 

Please note that the fifty cents required for the publication of a 
marriage notice may be applied to a three months' " Gospel Mes- 
senger subscription for the newly-married couple. Request should 
be made when the notice is sent, and full address given. 

Belf-D&iley.— By the undersigned, at the home of the bride, Dec. 31, 
1919, John Wilbur Bell and Edna Violet Dailey. both of Burr Oak.— 
Jacob Sloniker, Lovewell, Kans. 

Brillhart- Steward.— By the undersigned, at the home of the bride's 
parents, Eld. E. D. Steward and wife, Abilene, Kans., Dec. 24, 1919, 
Brother Earl Brillhart, of Detroit, Kans., and Sister Blanche Steward. 
— Wm. C. Watkins, Detroit, Kans. 

Clint-Arnold.— ]!>■ the undersigned, at the home of the bride's par- 
ents, Mr. and Mrs. Shirly Arnold, Jan. 1, 1920, Bro. William J. Cline 
and Mis', Martha L. Arnold, both of Garfield, Kans.— Michael Keller, 
Lamed, Kans. 

Davidson-Roebuck.— By the undersigned, at the residence of D. L. 
Setty, Sinking Spring, Ohio, Bro. Alva C. Davidson and Miss Audrey 
M. Roebuck.— Van B. Wright, Peebles. Ohio. 

Flack-O'Neal.— By the undersigned, at Geneva, Nebr, Nov. 19, 1919, 
Ralph Flack and Vivian O'Neal, both of Glen Rock, Nebr.— Elraon 
Sutphin, Carleton, Nebr. 

Fyock-Whited.— By the writer, at his residence, Dec. 24, 1919, Bro. 
Myron J. Fyock, of Runimel, Pa„ and Miss Lorna Whited, of Wood, 
Pa.— Jerome E. Blough, Johnstown. Pa. 

Hufford -Dirks.— By the undersigned, at the parsonage, August 20, 
1919, Amos Hufford and Anna L. Dirks, both of Carleton, Nebr — 
Elmon Sutphin, Carleton, Nebr. 

Kurtz-Gillett.— By the undersigned, at the home of the bride's 
parents, Elder and Mrs. C. E. Gillett, at Glendale, Ariz, Dec 23 1919 
Brother Frank P. Kurtz and Sister Addie Belle Gillett, both of 
Glendale.— Chas. W. Ronk, Glendale, Aril, 

Long-Bnibaker.— By the undersigned, at the home of the bride's 
parents. Brother and Sister Martin Brubaker. Waggoner, 111, Dec 24 
1919, Mr. Paul Q. Long and Sister Margaret Brubaker, both of Wag- 
goner, 111.— J. A. Smeltzer, Girard, III. 

Martin-Adolph.— By the undersigned, Dec. 3, 1919, at the home of 
the bride's parents, Brother and Sister Jake Adolph, Mr. Neal Martin 
and Sister Edith Adolph, both of Worthington.— J. A. Eddy, Worth- 
ington, Minn. 

Maxwell-Miller.— By the undersigned, Dec. 25, 1919, at the home of 
the bride's parents, -Patterson, Calif., Mr. Donald A. Maxwell and 
Sister Bessie O. Miller.— J. M. Follis, Patterson, Calif. 

Osbora-Becker.— By the undersigned, at the parsonage, Mr. J. F. 
Osborn, of Missouri, and Sister Emma Becker, of Rocky Ford, Coio — 
A. G. Croeswhite, Rocky Ford, Colo. 

Pltzer-HilL— By the undersigned, at the home of Bro. C. C. Troatle, 

Dec. 22, 1919, Bro. J. Paul Fitter, ef Cordell, Okla, and Miss Bessie 
Ann Hill, of Hutchinson, Kans.— W. A. Kin lie, NickerBon, Kans. 
Saylor- Dowdy .—By the undersigned, at the parsonage, Dec. 24, 

1919, Homer Saylor and Ella Dowdy, both of Carleton, Nebr.-EImon 
Sutphin, Carleton, Nebr. 

Sen-Pate.— By the undersigned, at the home of the bride's parents, 
Mr. and Mrs. Oscar F. Pate, Brother Howard M. Sell and Sister 
Mvrole Pate, both of Wichita, Kans.— C. A. Eshelman, McPhcrson, 

Smeltxer-Klinzman.— By the undersigned, at the home of the bride's 
parents, Brother and Sister D. L. Klinzman, Keytesville, Mo, Jan. 1, 

1920, Brother Willnrd W. Smeltzer, of .Cando, N. Dak, and Sister 
Mary Emily Klinzman, of Keytesville, Mo.— J. A. Smeltzer, Girard, 111. 

Steward- Wright. — By the undersigned, at the home of Mr. A. E. 
Dayhoff, Detroit, Kans, Dec. 31, 1919, Bro. Homer Steward, of 
Abilene, Kans, and Miss Florence Wright, of Detroit, Kans.— Wm. C. 
Watkins, Detroit, Kans. 

Thorn as -S to ok ey.— By the undersigned, at the home of the bride'a 
parents, Brother and Sister Sherman Stookcy, at Olympia, Wash., 
Jan. 1. 1920, Brother Oscar N. Thomas, Graham, Wash, and Sister 
Burie Stookey, of Olympia. Wash.— E. S. Gregory, Olympia, Wash. 

Wenger-Horst.— By the undersigned, at his home, Jan. I, 1920, 
Brother Laban Wcnger, of Fredericksburg, Pa, and Sister Nancy L. 
Horst, of Lebanon, Pa.— Nathan Martin, Lebanon, Pa. 

Wolf-Trostle.— By the undersigned, Dec. 23, 1919, at the residence of 
the bride's parents, Brother and Sister Jacob Trostle, Mr. C. Roy 
Wolf, of Antonito, Colo, and Sister Lora Etta Trostle, of Rocky 
Ford, Colo.— A. G. Crosswhite, Rocky Ford, Colo. 

Young-Dellenbach.— By the undersigned, at the home of the bride'p 
parents. Brother and Sister Will Dellenbach, Brother Emmet E. 
Young and Sister Ruth O. Dellenbach, both of Beattie, Kans.— C. A. 
Eshelman, McPhcrson, Kans. 


" Blessed are the dead which die In tho Lord " 

Blough, Wm, born near Hooversville, P»„ Sept. 3, 1832, died at 
his home, near Hudson, 111, Dec. 30, 1919. He was a faithful member 
of the church for about fifty years and also served the church as 
deacon up to the time of his death. In 1356 he married Magdalene 
Forney, who preceded him five years ago. He leaves four children 
and nine grandchildren.— Ida Blough Thompson, Hudson, 111. 

Burkct, Sister Esther, died at the home of her son, Jas. Burket, 
within the bounds of the Albright church. Roaring Spring, Pa., Dec. 
13, 1919, of diseases incident to old age. She was the daughter of 
Samuel and Catharine Dick, and was born near Bloomfield Furnace, 
Pa, Feb. 11. 1829. In 1847 she married Henry Burkct, who preceded 
her fifty-eight years ago. To this union were born six children, four 
of whom survive, with twenty grandchildren, sixty great-grandchil- 
dren and three great-great-grandchildren. Services in the Albright 
church, of which she was a consistent member for fifty-five years, 
by C. W. Garber and H. H. Rascher. Interment in the Albright 
cemetery.— Scott Johnson, Roaring Spring, Pa. 

Cline. Mrs. Ruth, nee Showalter, born in Virginia, died Dec, 26, 

1919, aged 80 years, 3 months and 14 days. In 1869 she married Daniel 
Cline, who survives with two sons and one daughter. Services by 
Eld. Jas. M. Mohler. Burial in Prairie View church cemetery.— Mrs. 
Alice L. Mohler, Versailles, Mo. 

Dick, Sister Susan, died at her home within the bounds of the Al- 
bright church. Roaring Spring, Pa, of apoplexy, Dec. 24, 1919, aged 
69 years, 8 months and 23 days. She was the daughter of John and 
Catharine Gontz Garber and was born in Blair County, Pa. In 1868 
she married Daniel P. Dick, who preceded her three years ago. To 
this union were born nine children. She is survived by nineteen 
grandchildren, one great-grandchild, seven brothers and two sisters. 
She united with the church a number of years ago and lived a con- 
sistent life to the end. Services by H. H. Rascher. Interment in 
the Albright cemetery.— Scott Johnson, Roaring Spring, Pa. 

Flohr, Bro. Martin Cornelius, died Dec. 29, 1919, aged 52 years, 5 
months and 1 day. He had been a patient sufferer for more than 
fifteen years with a goitre, which caused intense pain during the 
last few months. Death came following an operation. He was a 
faithful Christian whose services will be greatly missed in the church 
where he labored for more than twenty-five years. Services at the 
home by Brethren J. M. Henry, J. H. Hollinger and Wm. Lyon, and 
in the Rocky Ridge church. Detour, Md, by J. M. Henry, A. P. 
Snader and C. D. Bonsack. Interment in Rocky Ridge cemetery.— J. 
M. Henry, Washington, D. C. 

Frederick, Seymour, youngest son of Brother and Sister Jas. Fred- 
crick, of Big Rapids, Mich, died at his home Dec. 28, 1919. aged 7 
years and 20 days. Services at the Rodney churchhouse by the 
writer. He leaves his father, mother, two brothers and one sister.— 
Samuel Bollinger, Vestaburg, Mich. 

Frick, Sister Lydia, nee Crouthamel, wife of John K. Frick, died 
Dec. 21, 1919, at her home in Line Lexington, Pa, of heart trouble 
and asthma. She was born March 21, 1844, in Hatfield Township. 
She leaves her husband, four sons, a brother and one sister. Services 
in the Hatfield church. Interment in the adjoining cemetery.— J. 
Herman Rosenbcrgcr, Souderton, Pa. 

Gchman, David, born in Lancaster County, Pa, died Dec. 3, 1919, 
aged 78 years, 8 months and 13 days. In 1861 he married Nancy 
Wenger. To this union were born three children, two of whom 
preceded him. His wife died in 1B86 and he later married Sarah Betz, 
who died in 1909. He united with the Church of the Brethren about 
thirty-eight years ago and remained faithful. Services at Canton 
Center church by Brethren M. M. Taylor and A. H. Miller. Inter- 
ment in the church cemetery.— Rachel Mohn, Louisville, Ohio. 

Good, Sister Sarah, died within the bounds of the Pleasant Valley 
congregation, at her home near Grottoes, Va, August 4, 1919. She 
was the daughter of Brother and Sister Jacob McNett, and was born 
in Augusta County, May 11, 1841. She married Bro. Peter Good in 
1864. To this union two daughters and one sun were born. Her hus- 
band and two children preceded her. She is survived by one daugh- 
ter and an aged sister- She joined the church at Mill Creek over 
fifty years ago and lived a faithful Christian life. She had been 
confined to the house for over four years and to her bed for more 
than a year, but was always very patient. Services at the home 
by Bro, Chas. Long, assisted by Bro. Peter Garber and Rev. Allan 
of the Methodist church. Interment at Port Republic —Ruth E 
Williams, Mt. Sidney, Va. 

Hawblitzel, Bro. Jacob, born at Osnaburg, Ohio, Feb. 5, 1831, died 
at the home of his grandson, Arthur Hawblitzel, near Lakeville, Ind, 
in the bounds of the Pine Creek congregation, Jan. 2, 1920. In 1855 
he married Rachel M. Kling, who preceded him thirteen years ago. 
To this union six children were born, four of whom died in infancy 
He united with the Church of the Brethren fifty-five years ago and 
was called to the deacon's office in 1872. He leaves one son, one 
daughter, four grandchildren, twelve great-grandchildren, two broth- 
ers and one sister. Services in the Pine Creek church, East house 
by Eld. Daniel Whitmcr. assisted by M. I. Whitmer. Interment in 
the Fair cemetery.— M. S. Morris, North Liberty, Ind. 

Heiney, Moses, son of Jacob and Susannah Heiney, born August 
16, 1832, near Hagerstown, died near the same place, Dec. 24, 1919. 
In 1856 he married Margaret Murray. To them were born four chil- 
dren. His wife died in 1873 and he later married Frances Torst, who 
died in 1910. Services at the home by Eld. L. W. Teeter. Burial in 
the Brick cemetery, near Hagerstown.-Chas. W. Miller, Hagerstown. 

Hfsaong, Chas. Edw, oldest son «f Brother Edward and Sister 
Lydia Hissong, born Jan. 22, 1915, near Scottville, Mich, died Jan. 3, 

1920. He leaves his father, mother, two brothers, one sister four 
half-brothers and two half-sisters. Services at the home by F,'ld. L. 
U. Kreider. Interment at Trotwood, Ohio.— Wm. Saxton, Custer 

Imlor, Lewis S, died at the home of his mother. Sister Sarah Ste- 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 24, 1920 


vcns, Nov. 17, 1919. aged 55 years, 11 months and 16 days. Services 
at the Methodist church, of which he was a member. Interment in 
the cemetery near by. — G, M. Clapper, Sykeston, N. Dak. 

Klotz, Mabel Arvilia, daughter of Jacob and Etta Klotz, died near 
Nappanee, Dec. 11, 1919, aged ID years, 3 months and 10 days. She is 
lurvived by her parents, two brothers and two sisters. She was a 
member of the church for nearly a year and wbh always faithful. 
Services by the home ministers.— David Metzler, Nappanee, Ind. 

Kuhn, Susan A., daughter of Samuel and Martin Glick, born in 
Holt County, Mo., died at her home near Forest City, Mo., Dec. 20, 
1919, aged 57 years, 2 months and 16 days. She married J. W. Kuhn 
in 1879. To this union were born eight children, seven of whom 
survive with her husband, sixteen grandchildren, one brother and 
two sisters. She and her husband united with the Church of the 
Brethren in 1880. Services by the writer. Interment at North Bethel, 
near Mound City.— G. W. Ellcnbcrger, Mound City, Mo. 

Livezey, Sister Eliza C, daughter of John and Susan Williams, 
born in Newcastle, Ind., died, after an illness of several months, at 
her home in Mt. Summit, Ind,, Jan. 6. 1920, aged 79 years, 8 months 
and 28 days. In 1857 she married Thos. Livezey, who preceded her 
jn 1895. She united with the Church of the Brethren in early life 
and was ever faithful. She leaves four daughters, two sons, thirty- 
one grandchildren, twelve great-grandchildren, two sisters and four 
brothers. Services in the Christian (Disciple) church in Mt. Summit, 
Ind., by lite writer, assisted by Eld. L. L. Teeter and the Rev. Wyatt, 
of the Christian church. Interment in the Livezey home cemetery, 
near Mt. Summit. — Geo, L. Studcbakcr, Muncie, Ind. 

Lutz, Mrs. Hetty Wilson, born near Mogadorc, Ohio, died at the 
home of her daughter, Mansfield, Ohio, Dec. 31, 1919, aged 78 years, 
4 months and 22 days. Her husband and one son preceded her. Two 
sons and two daughters survive. Services and burial at the Spring- 
field church by Bro. M. S. Young.— Alice C. Mumaw, Mogadore, Ohio. 

Miller, Mary, daughter of Eld. Jacob B. Miller, born in Rockingham 
County, Va„ Feb. 22, 18-14, died Dec. 24, 1919, in the bounds of the 
Okaw' church, II!. In 1867 she married Eld. S. S. Miller. She united 
with the Church of the Brethren early in life and has been a Chris- 
tian for more than fifty-five years. She was deeply concerned about 
spiritual things and made the work of the Lord first in all that she 
did. The husband, three sons and two daughters survive. Two of the 
sons arc elders in the church. Services in the La Place church by 
W. Garbcr. Burial in the cemetery near by.— N. H. Miller, 


, III. 

Mohler, Irvin Keller and Earl Franklin, children of Harry K. and 
Anna M. Mohler. died at their parents' home, near New Holland. 
The former died of a complication of diseases Jan. 1, 1920, aged 1 year, 
10 months and 9 days. The latter died Jan. 2, 1920, aged 6 months 
and 14 days. Services from the home by the writer. Interment in the 
letcry adjoining Mohlcr's church, near Ephrata.— D. S. Mycr, 


areville, Pa. 
Moyer, Sister Olive Dc Etta, ni 
cd at the Goshen Hospital, Jat 
united with the Church of 

e Shano 

. 2, 1919, 
the B: 

vived by her husband and father. Set 
church by Elders Calvin Hubcr and Clarcnc 
Oak Ridge cemetery— Anna Warstler, Gosht 
Noll. Bro. Ernest, died at the Brethren Hoi: 
73 years. Death was due to the infirmities i 
Noll was a devoted member of the Conestoga 

, born near Wawaka, Ind., 
ged 45 years and 20 days. 
36, 1919. She is 

Swihart. Interment in 


at Neffsville, Pa., aged 
:ident to old age. Bro. 
igrcgation for many 

years. Services by the home ministers from the home of Marti] 
Nonneinacher, at Leolff, and at the Eby church. Interment in ad- 
joining cemetery.— D, S, Myer, Barevillc, Pa. 

Racer, Gillie Melville, died at her home, near Mt. Olivet church, of 
which she was a consistent member for thirty-five years, aged 76 
years, 11 months and 20 days. Services by Eld. J. A. Racer at her 
home in Rappahannock County, Va. Interment near by.— W. C. 
Comer, Luray, Va. 

Reed, Jane, wife of Charles Reed, born April IS, 1836, died near 
Centcrville. Mich., Jan. 1, 1920, aged 83 years, 8 months and 16 days. 
She married Chas. Reed in 1861. To them were born three sons and 
two daughters who survive with twenty-one grandchildren and twen- 
ty-five great-grandchildren. She united with the Church of the Breth- 
ren forty years ago and lived a faithful and consistent Christian 
life. Interment in the Union Centcr'cemctery near Nappanee. Serv- 
ices by the home ministers. — David Metzler, Nappanee, Ind. 

Royer, Cora, died Nov. 24, 1919, shortly after an operation at the 
Aultman Hospital, aged 61 years, 9 months and 13 days. She was the, 
eighth child of John and Elizabeth Clapper's family of ten children, 
and was horn near Robertsvillc, Stark County, Ohio, Feb. 11, 1858. 
On Thanksgiving Day of 1882 she married Henry Royer, of Louis- 
ville, Ohio. To this union were born six sons and one daughter. 
Two sons died in childhood. She became a member of the Church 
of the Brethren in 1877 and remained faithful. She is survived by 
her husband, five children, two grandchildren, three brothers and 
one sister. Services on Thanksgiving Day at the Canton Center 
church by Brethren A. H. Miller and M. M. Taylor. Interment in 
the church cemetery.— Rachel A. Mohn, Louisville, Ohio. 

Shock, Mary, daughter of Bcnj. and Christina Moore, born near 
Hagerstown, Ind., Oct. 8, 1872, died near the place of her birth, Dec. 
5, 1919. She united with the Church of the Brethren and continued 
faithful. In 1891 she married Samuel Shock. To this union were born 
two sons and two daughters, one of whom preceded her. In 1905 her 
husband was elected to the office of deacon, in which office she 
proved to be a great help to him. Services by Elders E. O. Norris 
and F. E. Hay at the Brick church. Burial in the adjoining cemetery. 
-Chas. W. Miller, Hagcrstown, Ind. 

Snyder, Henry A., died of cancer, Dec. 8, 1919, aged 64 years, 10 
mouths and 29 days. He leaves his wife and five sons. An only 
daughter preceded him about one year ago. Services by Brethren 
D. T. Detwiler and G. E. Yoder in the home church. Interment in 
the cemetery near by.— Margaret Replogle, New Enterprise, Pa.~ 

Spidel, Bro. Wm. Franklin, born in Woodbury, Pa., died near Akron, 
Ohio, Dec. 19, 1919, aged 63 years, 8 months and 17 days. He was 
superintendent of Sunday-school and Bible classes, was elected to 
the deacon's office and later to the ministry, in which office he served 
for over twenty years. He leaves his wife, ten children, sixteen 
grandchildren, two sisters and two brothers. Services at the Spring- 
field church by Bro. M. S. Young. Burial in the cemetery near by — 
Alice C. Mumaw, Mogadorc, Ohio. 

Stong, Sister Mary, died at the home of her daughter, Sophia Deal, 
Starkweather, N. Dak., June 10, 1919, aged 82 years, 5 months and'10 
days. She married John Stong in 1853. To this union were born 
eight sons and five daughters. She leaves six sons, five daughters. 
fifty grandchildren and thirteen great-grandchildren. She and -her 
husband were charter members of the Brethren church at Worden, 
Wis., in which, for many years, she was a faithful worker. Services 
hy Bro. J. D. Keslcr. Interment in the Zion cemetery, N. Dak.— 
Mollie Turner, Stanley, Wis. 

Suit, Bro. Samuel, son of Mr. and Mrs. Henry Suit, born in Grover- 
town, Ind., March 13, 1856, died of cancer, at his home, Colorado 
Springs. Colo., Dec. 27, 1919. He married Catharine Umbaugh in 1882. 
Bro. Suit united with the Church of the Brethren thirty-nine years 
ago and lived a consistent Christian life. He leaves his wife, one 

daughter, i 

tile writer. Interment i 

rado Springs, Colo. 

Traft, Sister Catharine 
grcftation, Wcstmorelan 
She was a faithful mem _ 
the Mt. Joy church by the ' 

brothers. Services 
the Fairvicw eemetery.- 

nt the church by 
H. F. Crist, Colo- 

died in the bounds of the Jacobs Creek con- 
County, Pa., Dec. 21, 1919, aged 79 years. 
of the Church of the Brethren. Services 
-Robert T. Hull, Mt. Pleasant, 


Youne, Bro. Henry D., son of David and Catherine Yo«ng, died 
Jan. S, 1920, aged 58 years, 9 months and 24 days. He married Emma 
Schrantz in 1881. To this union were born four sons and four daugh- 
ters, all living. His wife preceded him in 1913 and four years later 
he married Alma A. Hill Merrit. He united with the Church of the 
I'rethren in 1883. He is survived by his father, one sister, his wife 
and eight children. Services at the East Nimishillen church by Bro. 
»■ J. Holl. Burial in the East Nimishillen cemetery.— A. J. Carper, 
Miildlebranch, Ohio. 

Our Own Publications 

We have often been asked regarding a 
list of Our Own Publications. We describe 
a part of them here. Look them over. You 
will find among these books something 
that will appeal to you and your friends. 

^aeesferseseers e acaor ^ c x^ ^ 

You will find the iieart of Christ's message in the 
Sermon on the Mount. You will find the heart of this 
great proclamation in the opening verses — the Beatitudes. 
This is why the Beatitudes are worthy of the closest study 
under the guidance of one who has made their deeper 
meaning his life quest. Twelve carefully selected illustra- 
tions help to enrich the author's sympathetic study of the 
opening verses of the Sermon on the Mount. 


W. Carl Rarick. 

This series of three note books contains an outline of 
the whole Bible arranged according to chronology and har- 
mony of the Scriptures. There arc charts and many out- 
line maps with instructions for locating events and tracing 
journeys according to Bible references. Especially valuable 
for Intermediate, Junior and Senior classes in the Sunday- 


. 15c; 
No. 1. Teacher's Edition O. T. History 
No. 2. Journeys of Jesus. Each, lOcj per 
No. 3. Apostolic Church History. Each, 10c; per dos 


Wilbur B. Stover. 

This touching story of a boy of our own times has been 
a great favorite with boys and girls. Seven editions have 
been printed; this is proof enough of the story's perennial 
"nspiration. It is not only a story that the boys and girls 

like to read, but it is ; 

ist heartily I 
cham ' " 



the i 

that the 

■cad the story of Charlie Nc 


Lydia E. Taylor. 

An unusually able treatment of the subject of dress as 
that problem relates itself to the Christian life. Originally 
given as an address at Annual Conference. Quantity price: 
per dozen, $1.00; per 100. S6.00. 


R. H. Miller. 

A clear and interesting exposition of the doctrines of 
the church. The author is commonly recognized as having 
been one of the most able thinkers of his day. The volume 
treats of the divinity of Christ, and of the Holy Spirit as 
well as the several distinctive doctrines of the church. 


Wilbur F. Crafts, Ph. D., Elder J. W. Lear and Others. 

A very sane and fair treatment of the problem of Chris- 
tian adornment by Wilbur F. Crafts of the International 
Ueform Bureau. The booklet contains also "The Price of 
Fashion, " by Elder J. W. Lear, and selections from edi- 
torials by Editors J. H. Moore, Edward Frantz and D. L. 


M. M. Sherrick, A. M. 

A pocket-sized volume containing about 100 sermon out- 
lines. These outlines arc the fruitage of a practical min- 
istry of .more than twenty-five years, during which time 
the author has been pastor, teacher and evangelist. 


J. W. Wayland, Ph. D. 

The author has gathered together all that is known of the 
_ twelve men who stood especially near to the Master. He 
<g has told the story of each in an instructive and engaging 

The reader is continually surprised and delighted that so 
much material bearing on the life and work of the apostles 
is brought to light. No available means has been spared 
to make the volume as accurate and readable as possible. 
Cloth; 252 pages. 


Artistic Cloth, ,....Jt.S0 

Half Leather, Gilt Top 2.S0 

At the Bicentennial Conference in 190S two centuries of 
church activity and progress were celebrated. Twenty- 
four addresses covering practically the whole field of 
church history were delivered. These were later collected 
and printed in a handsome volume entitled: Two Centuries 
of the Church of the Brethren. The book is a work of 
great historical importance. It is embellished with twenty- 
five full-page photogravure portraits of the speakers at 
the Bicentennial Conference. 


A. Wilford Hall, Ph. D. 

mvincing book have been 
vers al ism that can be had. 

and Pre 

........... >j^.... - . nuj ■ I. ma ' ll.m. ait CU11U1, 411 CUJ- 

nd an eloquent minister. However, it is not simply 
he was sometime editor of The Gospel Messenger 

esident of Juniata College that he is best remem- 
bered. Bro. Quinter lived the kind of Christian life that 
ivill ever, because of its sheer beauty and purity, be an 
inspiration to those who have in the past or may in the 
future come to know of him. 

This volume contains a brief and fascinating sketch of 
Bro. Quintcr's life, some tributes and memorial sketches 
and forty of his best sermons. 

During the latter part of the nineteenth century Elder 
R. H. Miller was a notable figure in the history of the 
church. He excelled in many lines, having been a powerful 
preacher, an able debater and a great leader. The author 
of this biography has done the church a valuable service 
in presenting with such graphic detail the story of this 
worthy man's life. An informing and inspiring book. 269 
pages, bound in cloth. 



John S. Flory, Ph. D. 

The author has done the church a fine service in making 
a scholarly study of the literary activity of the Brethren 
during the first century of their existence. It is a book 
that you need to read and keep for reference. Literary 
Activity of the Church of the Brethren in the Eighteenth 
Century is itself a notable contribution to the church liter- 
ature of the present century. 


S. N. McCann, Author of " Tho Beatitudes." 
The spirit and purpose of this little book are best indi- 
cated in the words of the author: "The volume grew oat 
of my fruitless efforts to justify myself by mere works. 
These efforts led me to a more careful study of the Word 
of God and thus to better light." The author concludes 
that one must depend wholly and sincerely upon Christ for 
justification, while still faithfully obeying all his com- 

The full stenographic report of the debate between Elder 
B. E. Kesler and Rev. William Ellraore that occurred at 
Jacksonville, Ind., in the autumn of 1915. A substantially 
bound book containing a mass of doctrinal material. 


Daniel Hays and S. F. Sanger, Associate Editors. 
This volume was prepared some years ago at the special 
request of Conference, and at the expense of much time 
and money. It is an authoritative statement of our prin- 
ciples. It contains also a wealth of information about many 
who suffered for conscience's sake. 


H. B. Brumbaugh. 

A pocket-sized manual containing just what the minister 
most needs to know about church doctrines, church officers 
and their work, the conduct of church meetings, marriage 
or burial services, and parliamentary rulings. 

This book was originally issued in 1888 and enjoyed a very 
large sale. While the present supply lasts copies 
had at 35c each. ParJ I contains eight chapters or 
sons for Close Communion," and Part II twelve chapters 
on " Reasons Against Open Communion." 


Daniel Hays. 

Shortly before his death E'der Daniel Hays wrote and 
had printed a book entitled: "Christianity at the Fountain." 
It stands as the last literary effort of his life. All those 
who have known and loved Bro. Hays will be especially 
interested in owning a copy of his last book. 

A discussion of the variou 
to Christian character and 
scriptural form and purpo: 
College, says, " I know of 
itself that should pre 


helps divinely given as aids 

a plea for fidelity to their 

Prof. Haines, of Juniata 

3 work outside of the Bible 

helpful and direct in 

All Orders Promptly Filled 
We Guarantee Satisfaction 

Send All Orders to 

Brethren Publishing House, Elgin, III. 



THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 24, 1920 


Official Orpin of the Chunh of the Brethren 
Published weekly by Brethren Publishing House, R. E. Arnold, Gen- 
eral Manager, 16 to 24 S, State St., Elgin, III., at $2.00 per annum, in 
advance. (Canada subscriptions titty cents extra.) 

D. 1L. MILLER, Editor EDWARD FRANTZ. Office Editor 

L. A. PLATE, Assistant Editor 

Entered at the Postoffice at Elgin, 111., ns Second-class Matter. 
Acceptance for mailing at special rate of postage provided for in 
section 1103, Act of October 3, 1917. authorized August I'O. 1U1& 

Notes From Our Correspondents 

(Continued from Page 61) 
caroling throughout the village. For the first time, we suppose, in 
the history oi our church a six o'clock service was held. Different 
people brought fruit, and six baskets were filled for the sick and 
poor The last night of the old year proved to be a very full one. 
We elected our Sunday-school and Christian Workers' omcers. It 
was also the fourth anniversary of the pastorate of Brother and Sis- 
ter Dixon, and a reception was given them. Last year rainy-day 
bags were given out, from which $22 was realized —Edith Pennypack- 
er, Parker Ford, Pa., Jan. 9. ' 

Philadelphia (First Church).— Our " White Gift Service," Dec. 21, 
was very impressive. At the close of an appropriate program the 
Sunday-school roll was called and each department, with its various 
aasses, from the Cradle Soil to the Adult, responded by bringing 
their gifts. Besides toys and groceries for the hospitals, the offering 
in money amounted to $314.19, distributed as follows: Armenian Relief, 
S134J4; Neffsville Orphanage, SS3.05; Preston Retreat, $15; Sunshine 
Day Nursery, $10; general church expenses, $10; Big Brothers' As- 
sociation of Philadelphia, $50; Shut-in, $2; the needy, $10. The gen- 
eral offering was $44. The Sunday-school Board gave a White Gift 
offering of $20 to the Neffsville Orphanage, thus making a total oi 
$378.19.— Mrs. Wm. H. B. Schnell. Philadelphia, Pa., Jan. 9. 

Riddlesburg church assembled in council Jan. 4, to balance accounts 
for the year and elect new officers. Total collections by the church, 
$340.67; paid for improvements to church lot, $269.61; support of minis- 
ters, $168; other expenses, $79.35; contributed to Home Missions, $22; 
Foreign Missions, $10; Juniata Mission Band, $14; number baptized, 
12; received by letter, 1. Church officers: Elder, J. P. Harris; clerk. 
Shannon Wyant; corresponding secretary, J. N. Cogan. Contribu- 
tions for the Sunday-school aggregate $168.21. We paid for the 
support of Bro. J. B. Emmcrt, India, $25.84. Sunday-school officers 
were elected, with H. H. Brumbaugh, superintendent.— J. N. Cogan, 
Riddlesburg, Pa., Jan. 11. 

Roaring Spring church met in council Dec 19, with Eld. M. J. 
Weaver presiding. Bro. D. G. Replogle was reelected superintendent 
of Sunday- school; Sister Maggie Umbower, superintendent of the 
Primary Department; Sister Elva Mcllnay, superintendent of the 
Cradle Roll; Bro. Jasou Brumbaugh, president of the Christian Work- 
ers. Our Sunday-school rendered a very appropriate Christmas pro- 
gram Dec 21. An offering oi $225 was luted for our home church 
work. Beginning Jan. 4 the six churches of our town united in a 
week of prayer services. The brat night the pasters exchanged pul- 
pits and every night for the week there was a service in one of the six 
churches. These meetings were well attended and very inspiring. 
Eld. H. S. Replogle, of Windber, Pa., will begin a series of evangel- 
istic services in our church Jan. 19.— Lena M. Hoover, Roaring 
Spring, Pa., Jan. 10. 

Robinson church met in members' meeting Jan. 6, with Eld. M. J. 
U rougher, of Greensburg, presiding. We elected our church and 
Sunday-school officers for the year: Sister Carrie Bowser and Bro. J. 
C. Montgomery, Sunday-school superintendents; Bro. J. N. Belts, 
trustee; the writer, church clerk, corresponding secretary and " Mes- 
senger!' agent; Sister Rebecca McGran, president of Christian Work- 
ers' Meeting. Our pastoral committee is authorized to secure an 
evangelist to bold a series of meetings some time during the year. 
Our elder will preach for us as often as his time will permit, until 
we can locate a pastor who will work for part support. The outlook 
at this place is hopeful, and we anticipate a year of helpful and ag- 
gressive church work. Bro. J. C. Montgomery has been elected on 
the Missionary Committee.— Mrs. Carrie Bowser, Robinson, Pa., Jau. 

Spring Creek congregation enjoyed a pleasing Christmas program 
Dec 21. The children did their part well before a large audience. The 
program was in charge of Sister Anna Gruber, superintendent of the 
Primary Depa